CN106386303A - One-season late rice and two-season freshwater shrimp mixing integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income - Google Patents

One-season late rice and two-season freshwater shrimp mixing integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386303A
CN106386303A CN201610798500.3A CN201610798500A CN106386303A CN 106386303 A CN106386303 A CN 106386303A CN 201610798500 A CN201610798500 A CN 201610798500A CN 106386303 A CN106386303 A CN 106386303A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
freshwater shrimp
parts
season
freshwater
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CN201610798500.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周洵
陈冬林
俞爱萍
谢满华
柴继芳
金家红
杨丽丽
庞红金
章星明
沈蓓杰
奚业文
张年军
苏文霞
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陈冬林
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Priority to CN201610798500.3A priority Critical patent/CN106386303A/en
Publication of CN106386303A publication Critical patent/CN106386303A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a one-season late rice and two-season freshwater shrimp mixing integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing the grain income and increasing the fishery income. The method includes the following steps: A, rice field selection and reconstruction; B, rice planting: selecting a single-season late japonica rice variety, adopting a mechanical transplanting method to complete transplanting of rice seedlings in the middle and last ten days of June; applying a base fertilizer before the rice seedlings are transplanted; C, freshwater shrimp aquaculture: C1, young shrimp stocking; C2, feeding: feeding freshwater shrimps twice every day, wherein the feeding amount is 1/3 of the total amount of freshwater shrimp fodder at 7:00-8:00, the feeding amount is 2/3 of the total amount of the freshwater shrimp fodder at 17:00-19:00, and the daily feeding amount of the freshwater shrimp fodder is 3-6% of the total amount of the freshwater shrimps; and C3, water quality management. The one-season late rice and two-season freshwater shrimp mixing integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing the grain income and increasing the fishery income can effectively reduce the planting cost of the late rice and the aquaculture cost of the freshwater shrimps, and can effectively improve the yield and the quality of the late rice and the freshwater shrimps.

Description

A kind of steady grain increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of work breeding, more particularly, to a kind of steady grain increases one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp and makees altogether The method that breeding combines.
Background technology
Freshwater shrimp is the Freshwater shrimps of high-quality.Its fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, nutritious, it is the water of high protein and low fat Produce food.River prawn is distributed widely in rivers, lake, reservoir and pond.In river prawn body, a kind of critically important material is exactly that shrimp is blue or green Element, it is a kind of antioxidant, is widely used in cosmetics, food adds and medicine.
Planting environment in growth course for the paddy rice is identical with the growing environment of freshwater shrimp, and the environment of paddy growth contain rich Rich algae and insect, can provide abundant nutriment for freshwater shrimp, and waste produced by freshwater shrimp growth can be water Rice provides abundant nutriment, and freshwater shrimp can be effectively improved the planting environment of paddy rice, improves yield and the quality of paddy rice.Therefore profit Increase one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp to make the method for breeding combination altogether to be mesh with a kind of steady grain of breeding exploitation of making altogether of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp The problem of front prior art urgent need to resolve.
Content of the invention
For solving technical problem present in background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of steady grain and increases one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp The method making breeding combination altogether, can effectively reduce the planting cost of late rice and the aquaculture cost of freshwater shrimp, can effectively carry simultaneously The yield of high late rice and freshwater shrimp and quality.
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 15-25kg/667m2, then apply urea 4-6kg/667m again2Chase after Fertile;November first arrival mechanical harvesting mid-November late rice;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2-3cm in late May to early June in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.3-1.7 Ten thousand tails/667m2, and mud fish fry of arranging in pairs or groups, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Second batch in Second Year 1 The beginning of the month puts freshwater shrimp seed, the freshwater shrimp 2-4 ten thousand tails/667m of 2-3cm in a suitable place to breed2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7:00-8:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00-19:00 feeds green grass or young crops The 2/3 of shrimp feed total amount;Freshwater shrimp feed day inventory be freshwater shrimp total amount 3-6%;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 18-22% every time, and it is 25-30cm that water quality keeps transparency.
Preferably, in A1, rice field selects to be specially with transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, enter draining side Just, good, the non-leakage field of soil property, the area of field is 5336-10005m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge, surrounding is dug Soil, increases and widens ridge, arranges fence simultaneously, and stay the wide passage of 1.5-2.5m in major trunk roads to the edge of a field around field;Enter Drainage system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, water inlet 50-70 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlet, and discharge outlet is less than field Face, and barricade is set.
Preferably, in A2, the high 0.4-0.6m of ridge, field inner ring furrow width 2.0-3.0m, deep 0.6-1.0m.
Preferably, in B, the raw material of base fertilizer includes by weight:Cow dung 80-120 part, furfural dregs 40-60 part, sweet potato vine 10-40 part, peanut cake 15-25 part, sesame-send cake 15-35 part, potato peel 10-20 part, cotton seed hulls 10-20 part, weathered coal 3-8 part, Maple needle powder 4-9 part, pericarp 6-12 part, humic acid 5-9 part, ammonium nitrate 7-13 part, ammonium phosphate 4-9 part, potassium carbonate 4-9 part, chlorine Change potassium 3-8 part, boric acid 4-9 part, microbial bacterial agent 1-5 part.
Preferably, in B, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By cow dung, furfural dregs, pericarp, peanut cake, sesame-send cake, Potato peel, cotton seed hulls, weathered coal, maple needle powder and sweet potato vine cross 45-55 mesh sieve after pulverizing, and are subsequently adding microbial bacterial agent, often Temperature fermentation 2-5d, is subsequently adding humic acid, ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate, potassium carbonate, potassium chloride, boric acid and water and mixes, Jing Guozao Granular material made by grain machine, then dries, and is cooled to room temperature and obtains mixing fertilizer.
Preferably, in C2, the raw material of freshwater shrimp feed includes by weight:Rice bran 25-45 part, corn flour 15-35 part, little Wheat 2-8 part, rapeseed dregs 3-9 part, dregs of beans 10-30 part, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-6 part, fish meal 3-9 part, wheat bran 2-12 part, seawood meal 10-40 Part, shrimp shell meal 15-35 part, oyster shell whiting 3-5 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 4-8 part, sodium Diacetate 2-5 part, allicin 2-5 part, glycine 2- 5 parts, glycine betaine 1-3 part, dusty yeast 1-6 part.
Preferably, in C2, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By wheat, rapeseed dregs, allicin, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, Calcium monohydrogen phosphate, sodium Diacetate and oyster shell whiting co-grinding, then cross 100-200 mesh sieve, are subsequently added into rice bran, corn flour, beans The dregs of rice, fish meal, wheat bran, seawood meal, shrimp shell meal, glycine, glycine betaine and dusty yeast, in the 32-35 DEG C of 10-20d that ferments, are dried, cold But to room temperature, make 20-40 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor.
A kind of steady grain of the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, comprises the steps: A, rice field select and transformation;B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, using the method for machine rice transplantation, in 6 months under Ten days transplanting terminates;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer;C, shrimp culture:C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed;C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7: 00-8:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00-19:00 feeds the 2/3 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount;Freshwater shrimp feed day feeds intake Measure the 3-6% for freshwater shrimp total amount;C3, water quality management.Wherein, during Rice Cropping, base fertilizer with cow dung, furfural dregs, sweet potato vine, Peanut cake, sesame-send cake, potato peel, cotton seed hulls, weathered coal, maple needle powder, pericarp, humic acid, ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate, potassium carbonate, Potassium chloride, boric acid and microbial bacterial agent are original, and granulation by fermentation prepares, and are that the growth of late rice provides abundant supporting Material, be soil provide abundant microorganism species it is therefore prevented that soil hardened, promoted the growth of paddy rice, improve late rice Yield and quality.Wherein, during throwing is raised, freshwater shrimp feed is with rice bran, corn flour, wheat, rapeseed dregs, dregs of beans, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, fish Powder, wheat bran, seawood meal, shrimp shell meal, oyster shell whiting, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, sodium Diacetate, allicin, glycine, glycine betaine and dusty yeast are Raw material, granulation by fermentation prepares, and is that the growth of freshwater shrimp provides rich in protein, cellulose, amino acid, mineral matter And beneficial bacterium, promote the growth of freshwater shrimp, improve yield and the quality of freshwater shrimp.The steady grain of the present invention increases one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair The method that freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether can effectively reduce the planting cost of late rice and the aquaculture cost of freshwater shrimp, can be simultaneously effective The yield of raising late rice and freshwater shrimp and quality.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail it should be appreciated that embodiment is served only for this is described Bright, rather than be used for limiting the invention, any modification made on the basis of the present invention, equivalent etc. are all at this In bright protection domain.
Embodiment 1
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, non-leakage The area of field, wherein field is 7671m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge surrounding cut the earth, increase and widen ridge, ridge High 0.5m, field inner ring furrow width 2.5m, deep 0.8m, fence is set around field simultaneously, and stays 2.0m width in major trunk roads to the edge of a field Passage;Culvert system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, and with 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlets, discharge outlet is low for water inlet In field face, and barricade is set;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 20kg/667m2, then apply urea 5kg/667m again2Topdress;11 Beginning of the month mechanical harvesting late rice, wherein, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By weight by 100 parts of cow dungs, 50 parts of furfural dregs, 9 Part pericarp, 20 parts of peanut cakes, 25 parts of sesame-send cakes, 15 parts of potato peels, 15 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5.5 parts of weathered coals, 6.5 parts of maple needle powder Cross 50 mesh sieves after pulverizing with 25 parts of sweet potato vines, be subsequently adding 3 parts of microbial bacterial agents, normal temperature fermentation 3.5d, be subsequently adding 7 parts of rotten plants Acid, 10 parts of ammonium nitrate, 6.5 parts of ammonium phosphate, 6.5 parts of potassium carbonate, 5.5 parts of potassium chloride, 6.5 parts of boric acid and water mix, and pass through Granular material made by comminutor, then dries, and is cooled to room temperature and obtains mixing fertilizer;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2.5cm in late May in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, and Collocation mud fish fry, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Put freshwater shrimp in Second Year in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 1 month for second batch Seed, the freshwater shrimp 30,000 tails/667m of 2.5cm2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00 feeds freshwater shrimp feed total amount 2/3;Freshwater shrimp feed day, inventory was the 4.5% of freshwater shrimp total amount, and wherein, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By weight Part by 5 portions of wheats, 6 parts of rapeseed dregs, 3.5 parts of allicins, 4.5 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 6 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphates, 3.5 parts of sodium Diacetates and 4 parts Oyster shell whiting co-grinding, then crosses 150 mesh sieve, be subsequently added into 35 parts of rice brans, 25 portions of corn flour, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of fish meal, 7 Part wheat bran, 25 portions of seawood meals, 25 parts of shrimp shell meals, 3.5 parts of glycine, 2 parts of glycine betaines and 3.5 parts of dusty yeasts, ferment in 33.5 DEG C 15d, is dried, is cooled to room temperature, makes 30 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 20% every time, and it is 27.5cm that water quality keeps transparency.
Embodiment 2
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, non-leakage The area of field, wherein field is 5336m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge surrounding cut the earth, increase and widen ridge, ridge High 0.6m, field inner ring furrow width 2.0m, deep 1.0m, fence is set around field simultaneously, and stays 1.5m width in major trunk roads to the edge of a field Passage;Culvert system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, and with 70 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlets, discharge outlet is low for water inlet In field face, and barricade is set;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 15kg/667m2, then apply urea 6kg/667m again2Topdress;11 Beginning of the month mechanical harvesting late rice, wherein, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By weight by 80 parts of cow dungs, 60 parts of furfural dregs, 6 Part pericarp, 25 parts of peanut cakes, 15 parts of sesame-send cakes, 20 parts of potato peels, 10 parts of cotton seed hulls, 8 parts of weathered coals, 4 parts of maple needle powder and 40 Part sweet potato vine crosses 45 mesh sieves after pulverizing, and is subsequently adding 5 parts of microbial bacterial agents, normal temperature fermentation 2d, be subsequently adding 9 parts of humic acids, 7 parts Ammonium nitrate, 9 parts of ammonium phosphate, 4 parts of potassium carbonate, 8 parts of potassium chloride, 4 parts of boric acid and water mix, and make graininess through comminutor Material, then dries, and is cooled to room temperature and obtains mixing fertilizer;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 3cm in late May in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.3 ten thousand tails/667m2, and take Join mud fish fry, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Put freshwater shrimp in Second Year in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 1 month for second batch Kind, the freshwater shrimp 20,000 tails/667m of 3cm2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7:00 feeds the 1/3,19 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00 feeds freshwater shrimp feed total amount 2/3;Freshwater shrimp feed day, inventory was the 3% of freshwater shrimp total amount, and wherein, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By weight 2 portions of wheats, 9 parts of rapeseed dregs, 2 parts of allicins, 6 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 4 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphates, 5 parts of sodium Diacetates and 3 parts of oyster shell whitings are mixed Close and pulverize, then cross 200 mesh sieve, be subsequently added into 25 parts of rice brans, 35 portions of corn flour, 10 parts of dregs of beans, 9 parts of fish meal, 2 parts of wheat brans, 40 portions of seawood meals, 15 parts of shrimp shell meals, 5 parts of glycine, 1 part of glycine betaine and 6 parts of dusty yeasts, in 32 DEG C of 20d that ferment, are dried, cooling To room temperature, make 20 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 22% every time, and it is 25cm that water quality keeps transparency.
Embodiment 3
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, non-leakage The area of field, wherein field is 10005m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge surrounding cut the earth, increase and widen ridge, field The high 0.4m in the ridge, field inner ring furrow width 3.0m, deep 0.6m, fence is set around field simultaneously, and stays 2.5m in major trunk roads to the edge of a field Wide passage;Culvert system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, water inlet 50 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlets, discharge outlet Less than field face, and barricade is set;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 25kg/667m2, then apply urea 4kg/667m again2Topdress;11 Beginning of the month mechanical harvesting late rice, wherein, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By weight by 120 parts of cow dungs, 40 parts of furfural dregs, 12 parts of pericarps, 15 portions of peanut cakes, 35 portions of sesame-send cakes, 10 parts of potato peels, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 3 parts of weathered coals, 9 parts of maple needle powder and 10 parts of sweet potato vines cross 55 mesh sieves after pulverizing, and are subsequently adding 1 part of microbial bacterial agent, normal temperature fermentation 5d, be subsequently adding 5 parts of humic acids, 13 parts of ammonium nitrate, 4 parts of ammonium phosphate, 9 parts of potassium carbonate, 3 parts of potassium chloride, 9 parts of boric acid and water mix, and make through comminutor Granular material, then dries, and is cooled to room temperature and obtains mixing fertilizer;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2cm in early June in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.7 ten thousand tails/667m2, and take Join mud fish fry, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Put freshwater shrimp in Second Year in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 1 month for second batch Kind, the freshwater shrimp 40,000 tails/667m of 2cm2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 8:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00 feeds freshwater shrimp feed total amount 2/3;Freshwater shrimp feed day, inventory was the 6% of freshwater shrimp total amount, and wherein, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By weight 8 portions of wheats, 3 parts of rapeseed dregs, 5 parts of allicins, 3 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 8 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphates, 2 parts of sodium Diacetates and 5 parts of oyster shell whitings are mixed Close and pulverize, then cross 100 mesh sieve, be subsequently added into 45 parts of rice brans, 15 portions of corn flour, 30 parts of dregs of beans, 3 parts of fish meal, 12 parts of wheat brans, 10 portions of seawood meals, 35 parts of shrimp shell meals, 2 parts of glycine, 3 parts of glycine betaines and 1 part of dusty yeast, in 35 DEG C of 10d that ferment, are dried, cooling To room temperature, make 40 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 18% every time, and it is 30cm that water quality keeps transparency.
Embodiment 4
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, non-leakage The area of field, wherein field is 6336m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge surrounding cut the earth, increase and widen ridge, ridge High 0.55m, field inner ring furrow width 2.2m, deep 0.9m, fence is set around field simultaneously, and stays 1.8m width in major trunk roads to the edge of a field Passage;Culvert system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, and with 65 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlets, discharge outlet is low for water inlet In field face, and barricade is set;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 18kg/667m2, then apply urea 5.5kg/667m again2Topdress; Mechanical harvesting late rice at the beginning of 11 months, wherein, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By weight by 85 parts of cow dungs, 55 parts of furfural dregs, 7 parts of pericarps, 22 parts of peanut cakes, 18 parts of sesame-send cakes, 18 parts of potato peels, 12 parts of cotton seed hulls, 7 parts of weathered coals, 5 parts of maple needle powder and 35 Part sweet potato vine crosses 48 mesh sieves after pulverizing, and is subsequently adding 4 parts of microbial bacterial agents, normal temperature fermentation 3d, be subsequently adding 8 parts of humic acids, 8 parts Ammonium nitrate, 8 parts of ammonium phosphate, 5 parts of potassium carbonate, 7 parts of potassium chloride, 5 parts of boric acid and water mix, and make graininess through comminutor Material, then dries, and is cooled to room temperature and obtains mixing fertilizer;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2.8cm in late May in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.4 ten thousand tails/667m2, and Collocation mud fish fry, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Put freshwater shrimp in Second Year in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 1 month for second batch Seed, the freshwater shrimp 2.5 ten thousand tails/667m of 2.8cm2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7:00 feeds the 1/3,19 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00 feeds freshwater shrimp feed total amount 2/3;Freshwater shrimp feed day, inventory was the 4% of freshwater shrimp total amount, and wherein, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By weight By 3 portions of wheats, 8 parts of rapeseed dregs, 3 parts of allicins, 5 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 5 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphates, 4 parts of sodium Diacetates and 3.5 parts of oyster shell whitings Co-grinding, then crosses 180 mesh sieve, is subsequently added into 28 parts of rice brans, 32 parts of corn flour, 15 parts of dregs of beans, 8 parts of fish meal, 4 parts of brans Skin, 35 portions of seawood meals, 18 parts of shrimp shell meals, 4 parts of glycine, 1.5 parts of glycine betaines and 5 parts of dusty yeasts, in 33 DEG C of 18d that ferment, are dried, It is cooled to room temperature, make 25 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 21% every time, and it is 26cm that water quality keeps transparency.
Embodiment 5
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, non-leakage The area of field, wherein field is 9005m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge surrounding cut the earth, increase and widen ridge, ridge High 0.45m, field inner ring furrow width 2.8m, deep 0.7m, fence is set around field simultaneously, and stays 2.2m width in major trunk roads to the edge of a field Passage;Culvert system facility is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, and with 55 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlets, discharge outlet is low for water inlet In field face, and barricade is set;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplants knot Bundle;Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 22kg/667m2, then apply urea 4.5kg/667m again2Topdress; Mechanical harvesting late rice at the beginning of 11 months, wherein, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By weight by 115 parts of cow dungs, 45 parts of furfurals Slag, 11 parts of pericarps, 18 parts of peanut cakes, 32 parts of sesame-send cakes, 12 parts of potato peels, 18 parts of cotton seed hulls, 4 parts of weathered coals, 8 parts of maple needle powder Cross 52 mesh sieves after pulverizing with 15 parts of sweet potato vines, be subsequently adding 2 parts of microbial bacterial agents, normal temperature fermentation 4d, be subsequently adding 6 parts of rotten plants Acid, 12 parts of ammonium nitrate, 5 parts of ammonium phosphate, 8 parts of potassium carbonate, 4 parts of potassium chloride, 8 parts of boric acid and water mix, through granulating mechanism Become granular material, then dry, be cooled to room temperature and obtain mixing fertilizer;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2.8cm in late May to early June in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.4 ten thousand Tail/667m2, and mud fish fry of arranging in pairs or groups, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Second batch in Second Year January Just put freshwater shrimp seed, the freshwater shrimp 2.5 ten thousand tails/667m of 2.8cm in a suitable place to breed2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 8:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00 feeds freshwater shrimp feed total amount 2/3;Freshwater shrimp feed day, inventory was the 5% of freshwater shrimp total amount, and wherein, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By weight By 7 portions of wheats, 4 parts of rapeseed dregs, 4 parts of allicins, 4 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 7 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphates, 3 parts of sodium Diacetates and 4.5 parts of oyster shell whitings Co-grinding, then crosses 120 mesh sieve, is subsequently added into 42 parts of rice brans, 18 parts of corn flour, 25 parts of dregs of beans, 4 parts of fish meal, 10 parts of brans Skin, 15 portions of seawood meals, 32 parts of shrimp shell meals, 3 parts of glycine, 2.5 parts of glycine betaines and 2 parts of dusty yeasts, in 34 DEG C of 12d that ferment, are dried, It is cooled to room temperature, make 25-35 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 21% every time, and it is 26cm that water quality keeps transparency.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of steady grain increases one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp and makees the method for breeding combination altogether it is characterised in that comprising the steps:
A, rice field select and transformation;
B, Rice Cropping:Rice varieties select single japonica rice cropping, and using the method for machine rice transplantation, mid or late June transplanting terminates;? Before non-rice transplanting, apply base fertilizer, the amount of applying of base fertilizer is 15-25kg/667m2, then apply urea 4-6kg/667m again2Topdress;11 Month first arrival mechanical harvesting mid-November late rice;
C, shrimp culture:
C1, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:First batch of freshwater shrimp putting 2-3cm in late May to early June in a suitable place to breed, stocking rate is 1.3-1.7 ten thousand Tail/667m2, and mud fish fry of arranging in pairs or groups, river crab seedling and grass carp seedling, start after rice harvesting to fish for fishes and shrimps;Second batch in Second Year January Just put freshwater shrimp seed, the freshwater shrimp 2-4 ten thousand tails/667m of 2-3cm in a suitable place to breed2
C2, throwing are raised:Feed 2 times daily, 7:00-8:00 feeds the 1/3,17 of freshwater shrimp feed total amount:00-19:00 feeds freshwater shrimp raises The 2/3 of material total amount;Freshwater shrimp feed day inventory be freshwater shrimp total amount 3-6%;
C3, water quality management:Quantity of exchanged water is less than 18-22% every time, and it is 25-30cm that water quality keeps transparency.
2. steady grain according to claim 1 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, and its feature exists In, in A1, rice field selects to be specially with transformation:Selection water source is convenient, sufficient, pollution-free, it is convenient to enter draining, soil property is good, no The field of seepage, the area of field is 5336-10005m2, field turn over whole rake, inside ridge, surrounding is cut the earth, and increases and widens Ridge, arranges fence around field simultaneously, and stays the wide passage of 1.5-2.5m in major trunk roads to the edge of a field;Culvert system facility It is arranged on the corresponding two in rice field, water inlet 50-70 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filtered water inlet, discharge outlet is less than field face, and arranges and block fish Facility.
3. steady grain according to claim 1 and 2 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, its feature It is, in A2, the high 0.4-0.6m of ridge, field inner ring furrow width 2.0-3.0m, deep 0.6-1.0m.
4. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-3 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, It is characterized in that, in B, the raw material of base fertilizer includes by weight:Cow dung 80-120 part, furfural dregs 40-60 part, sweet potato vine 10- 40 parts, peanut cake 15-25 part, sesame-send cake 15-35 part, potato peel 10-20 part, cotton seed hulls 10-20 part, weathered coal 3-8 part, maple pin Leaf powder 4-9 part, pericarp 6-12 part, humic acid 5-9 part, ammonium nitrate 7-13 part, ammonium phosphate 4-9 part, potassium carbonate 4-9 part, potassium chloride 3-8 part, boric acid 4-9 part, microbial bacterial agent 1-5 part.
5. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-4 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, It is characterized in that, in B, base fertilizer is prepared by following technique:By cow dung, furfural dregs, pericarp, peanut cake, sesame-send cake, potato Skin, cotton seed hulls, weathered coal, maple needle powder and sweet potato vine cross 45-55 mesh sieve after pulverizing, and are subsequently adding microbial bacterial agent, normal temperature is sent out Ferment 2-5d, is subsequently adding humic acid, ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate, potassium carbonate, potassium chloride, boric acid and water and mixes, through comminutor Make granular material, then dry, be cooled to room temperature and obtain mixing fertilizer.
6. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-5 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, It is characterized in that, in C2, the raw material of freshwater shrimp feed includes by weight:Rice bran 25-45 part, corn flour 15-35 part, wheat 2- 8 parts, rapeseed dregs 3-9 part, dregs of beans 10-30 part, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-6 part, fish meal 3-9 part, wheat bran 2-12 part, seawood meal 10-40 part, shrimp Shell powder 15-35 part, oyster shell whiting 3-5 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 4-8 part, sodium Diacetate 2-5 part, allicin 2-5 part, glycine 2-5 part, Glycine betaine 1-3 part, dusty yeast 1-6 part.
7. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-6 increases the method that one season of fishing late rice regrowth hair freshwater shrimp makees breeding combination altogether, It is characterized in that, in C2, freshwater shrimp feed is prepared by following technique:By wheat, rapeseed dregs, allicin, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, phosphoric acid Hydrogen calcium, sodium Diacetate and oyster shell whiting co-grinding, then cross 100-200 mesh sieve, are subsequently added into rice bran, corn flour, dregs of beans, fish Powder, wheat bran, seawood meal, shrimp shell meal, glycine, glycine betaine and dusty yeast, in the 32-35 DEG C of 10-20d that ferments, are dried, are cooled to room Temperature, makes 20-40 mesh granular selenium-enriched rice bran duck fermented feed through comminutor.
CN201610798500.3A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 One-season late rice and two-season freshwater shrimp mixing integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income CN106386303A (en)

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CN107231988A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-10 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 It is a kind of to carry out the method that paddy rice integrates breeding with shrimp crab in cultivating pool
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CN107182656A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-22 安徽健禾农业开发有限公司 A kind of rice shrimp aquaculture method of high content astaxanthin
CN107231988A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-10 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 It is a kind of to carry out the method that paddy rice integrates breeding with shrimp crab in cultivating pool
CN107231988B (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-12-13 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 method for comprehensively planting and breeding rice, shrimps and crabs in culture pond
CN108029478A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-15 镇江华优生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of rice field button crab
CN108522178A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-14 和县明信水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of rice field cray intersection throwing seedling three batches of methods of cultivation
CN108976091A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-11 蚌埠市瑞丰现代农业种植专业合作社 A kind of cray rice mixed breeding plantation preparation method of compound fertilizer
CN108976039A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-11 蚌埠市瑞丰现代农业种植专业合作社 A kind of green safe rice lobster mixed breeding slow-release fertilizer preparation method
CN110692466A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-01-17 华中农业大学 Soil improving, high yield and efficiency increasing method for rice and shrimp co-farming

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