CN106233956A - A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106233956A
CN106233956A CN201610607291.XA CN201610607291A CN106233956A CN 106233956 A CN106233956 A CN 106233956A CN 201610607291 A CN201610607291 A CN 201610607291A CN 106233956 A CN106233956 A CN 106233956A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
solani melongenae
fructus solani
field planting
implantation methods
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610607291.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪建龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAICANG XINBIN FARM PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
Original Assignee
TAICANG XINBIN FARM PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAICANG XINBIN FARM PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES filed Critical TAICANG XINBIN FARM PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
Priority to CN201610607291.XA priority Critical patent/CN106233956A/en
Publication of CN106233956A publication Critical patent/CN106233956A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention proposes the implantation methods of a kind of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, comprises the following steps: (1) seed treatment;(2) selection of land is wholely;(3) sow;(4) field planting;(5) rich water quality management.The implantation methods that the present invention proposes is reasonable, is effectively improved the quality of Fructus Solani melongenae, safe and reliable, meanwhile, improves the germination percentage of Fructus Solani melongenae, and resistant to diseases and insects, enhances vitality, improve the yield of Fructus Solani melongenae, thus effectively increase economic benefit.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural production technologies, be specifically related to the implantation methods of a kind of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae.
Background technology
Fructus Solani melongenae belongs to a member in Solanaceae family, is one of purple vegetable few in number, is also the most common on dining table Homely vegetable.Aubergine is owing to containing delphinidin and glucosides thereof in pericarp membrane, no matter green or aubergine during maturation Fruit all transfers brown color to.Edible part includes peel, placenta and " depths of one's heart " part.Formed by spongy parenchyma, Its intercellular substance is more, soft texture.
Fructus Solani melongenae happiness temperature crop, more high temperature resistant, the preference temperature of result is 25~30 DEG C.Reaction to photoperiod length Insensitive, as long as proper temperature, can bloom from spring to autumn, result.Based on outdoor cropping, the Yangtze river basin is more than winter to early Spring utilizes hotbed or cold bed seeding and seedling raising in seeding in nursery bed nursery, north each province early spring.Owing to the fruiting period of Fructus Solani melongenae is long, except wanting Have outside the base manure of abundance, also require repeatedly topdress (nitrogenous fertilizer is main, suitable increasing the p application rate, potash fertilizer).Main insect pest have cutworm, 28 star ladybug and red spiders, main disease has damping off etc.;Eggplant seedling growth is relatively slow, particularly at temperature deficiency bar Under part, seedling age is not enough, it is difficult to cultivating the seedlings of precocity, its seedling age typically needs 85-90 days.
Fructus Solani melongenae nutritive element content enriches, and eating method is various, in good taste, nutritious, very popular, but Existing Fructus Solani melongenae planting technology typically uses transgenic or medicine to accelerate the ripening, and only up to the effect of volume increase, but ignores The quality of fruit.
Therefore, for the problems referred to above, the present invention proposes a kind of new technical scheme.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to improve the implantation methods of the high yield Fructus Solani melongenae of fruit quality, raising yield.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The implantation methods of a kind of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, comprises the following steps:
Seed treatment: select heat resistanceheat resistant and the seed of the strong middle-late ripening variety of disease resistance, seed is placed in 55 ~ 60 DEG C of warm water, Continuous is 30 DEG C to water temperature, then soaks 2 ~ 3h, takes out seed and air-dries a little, is placed in 200mg/kg Gibberellins solution immersion 24 Accelerating germination after ~ 30h;
Selection of land is wholely: seedbed should select previous crops to be non-solanaceous crops with having field planting, and fertile, physical features is higher and irrigation and drainage convenient Plot, then use substrate, described substrate includes, by every mu, pigs and cattle chicken manure 1000 ~ 1500kg of fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, peanut residue 80 ~ 100kg, thin stove quarrel 60 ~ 100kg and calcium superphosphate 30 ~ 50kg;
Sowing: select calm, 10 ~ 12 of fine day sow, sow front 2 ~ 3d and select one piece of seedbed, seedbed in above-mentioned plot Inside load onto stepMesostroma, and flatten bed surface, after irrigating bottom water, overlay film improves ground temperature in time, sprays one time during sowing again Warm water, after water penetration, after one layer of fine earth is spread on surface, seedbed by prepare medicine soil 2/3 uniform spreading on seedbed, during sowing Method is broadcasted sowing in employing, the most first by remaining 1/3 medicine earth mulch on seed, and then earthing 1 ~ 1.5cm.Mulch film is used immediately after earthing Cover bed surface heat and moisture preserving, when there being 50% seed sprouting, thin film will be opened in time;
Field planting: when Seedling grow to 6 ~ 7 true leaves, sturdy, band alabastrum gets final product field planting, uses ridge to plant, by distance between rows and hills 80 ~ 100cm and 40 ~ 60cm field planting, every mu of 2500 ~ 2800 strains are advisable;To drench foot after field planting and determine root water, can start to execute a small amount of water after slow Seedling through one week Fertilizer, simultaneously it is noted that check harm and the generation of damping-off of cutworm, and fills the gaps with seedlings in time;
Rich water quality management: seedling recovering water of 3 ~ 5d after field planting, intertills 1 ~ 2 time, and restrain the growth of seedlings 15 ~ 20d, when door eggplant stares, waters 1 time Fruit promoting water, carries out in conjunction with watering topdressing for the first time, enters the best fruiting period, water 1 water every 7 ~ 10d, and start swollen at every layer of fruit Topdress time big, execute carbamide 30 ~ 50kg for every mu, it is possible to blade face is spurted the carbamide of 2% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.3%.
Further, described stepIn before warm water soaking select 1% potassium permanganate solution or many bacterium of 0.1% 1 ~ 1.5h is soaked in spirit.
Further, described medicine soil 70% pentachloronitrobenzene and 50% thiram mix, described pentachloronitrobenzene and The ratio of thiram is 1:2.5 ~ 3.
Further, described stepIn, while rich water quality management, insect pest preventing and controlling to be carried out.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the implantation methods that the present invention proposes is reasonable, is effectively improved the quality of Fructus Solani melongenae, peace Complete reliable, meanwhile, improve the germination percentage of Fructus Solani melongenae, and resistant to diseases and insects, enhance vitality, improve the yield of Fructus Solani melongenae, Thus effectively increase economic benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is done the brightest below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The implantation methods of a kind of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, comprises the following steps:
Seed treatment: select heat resistanceheat resistant and the seed of the strong middle-late ripening variety of disease resistance, seed is placed in 55 ~ 60 DEG C of warm water, Continuous is 30 DEG C to water temperature, then soaks 2h, takes out seed and air-dries a little, is placed in 200mg/kg Gibberellins solution immersion 24h Rear accelerating germination;
Selection of land is wholely: seedbed should select previous crops to be non-solanaceous crops with having field planting, and fertile, physical features is higher and irrigation and drainage convenient Plot, then use substrate, substrate includes the pigs and cattle chicken manure 1000kg that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, peanut residue 80kg by every mu, and thin stove is cut 60 ~ kg and calcium superphosphate 30kg;
Sowing: select calm, 10 of fine day sow, sowing before 3d select one piece of seedbed in above-mentioned plot, load onto in seedbed StepMesostroma, and flatten bed surface, after irrigating bottom water, overlay film improves ground temperature in time, sprays a warm water during sowing again, etc. After water penetration, after one layer of fine earth is spread on surface, seedbed by prepare medicine soil 2/3 uniform spreading on seedbed, during sowing use broadcast sowing Method, the most first by remaining 1/3 medicine earth mulch on seed, then earthing 1cm.It is incubated with covering with ground sheeting bed surface immediately after earthing Moisturizing, when there being 50% seed sprouting, will open thin film in time;
Field planting: when Seedling grow to 6 true leaves, sturdy, band alabastrum gets final product field planting, uses ridge to plant, fixed by distance between rows and hills 90cm and 60cm Planting, every mu of 2500 strains are advisable;To drench foot after field planting and determine root water, delay through one week and can start to execute a small amount of liquid manure after Seedling, while it is noted that Check harm and the generation of damping-off of cutworm, and fill the gaps with seedlings in time;
Rich water quality management: seedling recovering water of 3d after field planting, intertills 2 times, and restrain the growth of seedlings 20d, when door eggplant stares, waters 1 fruit promoting water, Carry out in conjunction with watering topdressing for the first time, enter the best fruiting period, water 1 water every 7d, and topdress when every layer of fruit starts to expand, often Mu executes carbamide 30kg, it is possible to blade face is spurted the carbamide of 2% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.3%.
In the present embodiment, stepIn before warm water soaking select 1% potassium permanganate solution or many bacterium of 0.1% 1h is soaked in spirit.
In the present embodiment, medicine soil 70% pentachloronitrobenzene and 50% thiram mix, pentachloronitrobenzene and Fu Mei Double ratios is 1:3.
In the present embodiment, described stepIn, while rich water quality management, insect pest preventing and controlling to be carried out.
The implantation methods that the present invention proposes is reasonable, is effectively improved the quality of Fructus Solani melongenae, safe and reliable, improves meanwhile The germination percentage of Fructus Solani melongenae, and resistant to diseases and insects, enhance vitality, improves the yield of Fructus Solani melongenae, thus effectively increase through Ji benefit.
Below it is only embodiments of the invention, is not the restriction that the present invention is made any other form, for this area Technical staff for, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made appoint What amendment, equivalent, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the implantation methods of a high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
Seed treatment: select heat resistanceheat resistant and the seed of the strong middle-late ripening variety of disease resistance, seed is placed in 55 ~ 60 DEG C of warm water, no Breaking to water temperature is 30 DEG C, then soaks 2 ~ 3h, takes out seed and air-dries a little, be placed in 200mg/kg Gibberellins solution immersion 24 ~ Accelerating germination after 30h;
Selection of land is wholely: seedbed should select previous crops to be non-solanaceous crops with having field planting, and fertile, physical features is higher and irrigation and drainage are convenient Plot, then uses substrate, and described substrate includes, by every mu, pigs and cattle chicken manure 1000 ~ 1500kg of fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, and peanut residue 80 ~ 100kg, thin stove quarrel 60 ~ 100kg and calcium superphosphate 30 ~ 50kg;
Sowing: select calm, 10 ~ 12 of fine day sow, sow front 2 ~ 3d and select one piece of seedbed in above-mentioned plot, in seedbed Load onto stepMesostroma, and flatten bed surface, after irrigating bottom water, overlay film improves ground temperature in time, sprays a temperature during sowing again Water, after water penetration, after one layer of fine earth is spread on surface, seedbed by prepare medicine soil 2/3 uniform spreading on seedbed, adopt during sowing By the method for broadcasting sowing, the most first by remaining 1/3 medicine earth mulch on seed, then earthing 1 ~ 1.5cm.
2., immediately with covering with ground sheeting bed surface heat and moisture preserving after earthing, when there being 50% seed sprouting, thin film to be opened in time;
Field planting: when Seedling grow to 6 ~ 7 true leaves, sturdy, band alabastrum gets final product field planting, uses ridge to plant, by distance between rows and hills 80 ~ 100cm and 40 ~ 60cm field planting, every mu of 2500 ~ 2800 strains are advisable;To drench foot after field planting and determine root water, can start to execute a small amount of water after slow Seedling through one week Fertilizer, simultaneously it is noted that check harm and the generation of damping-off of cutworm, and fills the gaps with seedlings in time;
Rich water quality management: seedling recovering water of 3 ~ 5d after field planting, intertills 1 ~ 2 time, and restrain the growth of seedlings 15 ~ 20d, when door eggplant stares, waters 1 time and urges Really water, carries out in conjunction with watering topdressing for the first time, enters the best fruiting period, water 1 water every 7 ~ 10d, and start to expand at every layer of fruit Time topdress, execute carbamide 30 ~ 50kg for every mu, it is possible to blade face is spurted the carbamide of 2% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.3%.
A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, it is characterised in that: described stepIn warm water soak The potassium permanganate solution of 1% or the carbendazim of 0.1% is selected to soak 1 ~ 1.5h before bubble.
A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, it is characterised in that: described medicine soil is with 70% pentachloro-nitre Base benzene and 50% thiram mix, and the ratio of described pentachloronitrobenzene and thiram is 1:2.5 ~ 3.
A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae, it is characterised in that: described stepIn, at rich water pipe While reason, insect pest preventing and controlling to be carried out.
CN201610607291.XA 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae Pending CN106233956A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610607291.XA CN106233956A (en) 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610607291.XA CN106233956A (en) 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106233956A true CN106233956A (en) 2016-12-21

Family

ID=57604003

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610607291.XA Pending CN106233956A (en) 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106233956A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106856934A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-20 吕强 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for improving eggplant emergence rate
CN106912284A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-04 莆田市农业科学研究所 A kind of implantation methods for improving eggplant early yield
CN107118012A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-09-01 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of method for cultivating eggplant rice shoot
CN107155632A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-09-15 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield eggplant implantation methods
CN107873423A (en) * 2017-11-26 2018-04-06 贺州佳成技术转移服务有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of eggplant
CN109006236A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-18 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of eggplant

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102301902A (en) * 2011-07-23 2012-01-04 刘合吉 Efficient vegetable planting method
CN103563610A (en) * 2013-04-02 2014-02-12 天津百利种苗培育有限公司 Cultivation method for eggplant seedlings
CN103782738A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 吴燕 Breeding method of long purple eggplants
CN104396500A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-11 安徽省岳西县高山果菜有限责任公司 Eggplant planting method
CN105309152A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 李志刚 High-yield eggplant planting method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102301902A (en) * 2011-07-23 2012-01-04 刘合吉 Efficient vegetable planting method
CN103782738A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 吴燕 Breeding method of long purple eggplants
CN103563610A (en) * 2013-04-02 2014-02-12 天津百利种苗培育有限公司 Cultivation method for eggplant seedlings
CN105309152A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 李志刚 High-yield eggplant planting method
CN104396500A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-11 安徽省岳西县高山果菜有限责任公司 Eggplant planting method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
宋君柳: "温室茄子无公害生产技术", 《北方园艺》 *
张格成: "《果园农药使用指南》", 31 July 2000, 金盾出版社 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106856934A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-20 吕强 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for improving eggplant emergence rate
CN106912284A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-04 莆田市农业科学研究所 A kind of implantation methods for improving eggplant early yield
CN107118012A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-09-01 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of method for cultivating eggplant rice shoot
CN107155632A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-09-15 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield eggplant implantation methods
CN107873423A (en) * 2017-11-26 2018-04-06 贺州佳成技术转移服务有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of eggplant
CN109006236A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-18 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of eggplant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106233956A (en) A kind of implantation methods of high yield Fructus Solani melongenae
CN103733857B (en) A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method
CN105900740A (en) Fertilizer and water integrated high-yield cultivation method for early-spring watermelons and autumn delayed chilies in greenhouse
CN104472180A (en) High-yielding planting method of early-spring cabbage
CN105766507A (en) Fertile-seedbed dry-seedling-raising method for rice
CN105010073B (en) A kind of Red-fleshed Sweet Pomelo implantation methods
CN104303742B (en) A kind of ripe multiple cropping method of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi double cropping of rice three
CN106665092A (en) Planting method for high-yield high-quality sweet potatoes
CN105265167A (en) Method using straw as raw material to cultivate Stropharia rugosoannulata
CN105230324A (en) Corn cultivation method
CN105309152A (en) High-yield eggplant planting method
CN104041315A (en) Sagittaria sagittifolia planting method
CN103988655A (en) Precocious detoxification potato cultivation technique
CN106105708A (en) A kind of organic Se-rich Fructus Melo greenhouse gardening method
CN109220654A (en) A kind of mechanization ridge culture direct sowing of rice efficient cultivation method
CN107258457A (en) A kind of implantation methods of loquat high yield
CN104322251A (en) Phellodendron planting method
CN104686166B (en) A method of improvement cultivation in farmland tea oil tree
CN106922374A (en) A kind of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis method for culturing seedlings of high altitude localities
CN104541809A (en) Method for culturing purple yam
CN105191600A (en) High-yield cultivation method for improving mouthfeel of cucumber
CN102893739B (en) Millet method for culturing and transplanting seedlings
CN109618848A (en) A kind of wet pipe method of dry seeded rice
CN105746111A (en) Crop rotation method of taros and brassica campestris
CN105052446B (en) The implantation methods of broad bean seedling on a kind of salt-soda soil

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20161221