CN106087200B - A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics - Google Patents

A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106087200B
CN106087200B CN201610716417.7A CN201610716417A CN106087200B CN 106087200 B CN106087200 B CN 106087200B CN 201610716417 A CN201610716417 A CN 201610716417A CN 106087200 B CN106087200 B CN 106087200B
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yarn
flax
fiber
silk fiber
high grade
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CN106087200A (en
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王雅琴
薛茂深
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JIANGSU HUAXIN FLAX TEXTILE CO Ltd
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JIANGSU HUAXIN FLAX TEXTILE CO Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/40Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/47Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads multicomponent, e.g. blended yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • D02G3/042Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials all components being made from natural material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/04Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of yarns, threads or filaments
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/51Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof
    • D06M11/55Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof with sulfur trioxide; with sulfuric acid or thiosulfuric acid or their salts
    • D06M11/56Sulfates or thiosulfates other than of elements of Groups 3 or 13 of the Periodic Table
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/68Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with phosphorus or compounds thereof, e.g. with chlorophosphonic acid or salts thereof
    • D06M11/70Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with phosphorus or compounds thereof, e.g. with chlorophosphonic acid or salts thereof with oxides of phosphorus; with hypophosphorous, phosphorous or phosphoric acids or their salts
    • D06M11/71Salts of phosphoric acids
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/10Animal fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/04Linen
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/01Natural animal fibres, e.g. keratin fibres
    • D10B2211/04Silk

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Or Physical Treatment Of Fibers (AREA)
  • Woven Fabrics (AREA)
  • Yarns And Mechanical Finishing Of Yarns Or Ropes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40 85%, and remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation includes:Pretreatment, flax high grade cotton yarn, boiled silk fiber high grade cotton yarn, rove, bleaching, pickling, cleaning, spun yarn and weave cotton cloth.Wet spinning process method provided by the invention can prepare the silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics of excellent performance, the advantages of silk fiber and flax fiber being had concurrently using the silk fiber that the inventive method is weaved with flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, and wearability is high.The silk fiber of the inventive method weaving has the characteristic such as soft, comfortable, ventilative, absorbing sweat, antibacterial, and novel appearance, fashion with flax fiber blended knitting fabrics.

Description

A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of textiles, more particularly, to a kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics.
Background technology
The main component of fiber crops is cellulose, lignin, hemicellulose, pectin etc..Ramie product and other native celluloses are spun The maximum of fabric, which is distinguished, to be to need degumming, and degumming tech has very big influence to the quality of fiber crops, and numb industry is in recent years It is directed to one of problem of research.Traditional degumming tech is based on chemical Degumming, i.e., using the chemical reagent length that can dissolve pectin Time kiering flaxen fiber, remove colloid.The processing of a large amount of degumming waste waters causes great pressure to environment and cost.With Hubei Exemplified by, Hubei Province produces more than 4000 tons of flax degummed ramie per year, and degumming manufacturing enterprise has 5, and only 2 have carried out degumming waste water and controlled Reason, the manufacturing enterprise of also a batch of annual output 1000-2000 ton degummed ramies are at all right without any waste water treatment of progress, country The policy of environmental protection is more and more tighter, and therefore, the retting production development of industry has potential development crisis.
Traditional chemical Degumming method, flax fiber quality is not only damaged, pollute environment, and destroy flaxen fiber in itself The a variety of healthcare functions beneficial to human body having, the chemical substance health of residual.
Many researchers research in recent years will be dyed after sodolin mercerization finish, or add the auxiliary agents such as cation The affinity of fiber and dyestuff is improved, is desirably to obtain that color is beautiful, flax dyed fabric of uniform color.But this processing Mode needs to carry out complicated pre-treating technology, and the auxiliary agent that it is possible to additionally incorporate not only increases the cost of sodolin production, Also certain pressure is produced to environment.
Flax belongs to the bast fiber of plant, and it has many particular advantages:Natural antibacterial is mould proof, biological can drop, and Hygroscopicity, gas permeability, drapability are good, comfortable and easy to wear.But some defects of fiber crops, also constrain its development, flax fiber feel It is thick and stiff, it is easily deformed under hygrometric state.
The content of the invention
Problem to be solved by this invention is, for it is above-mentioned in the prior art the shortcomings that, propose innovation scheme, especially one The scheme for the problem of kind can effectively solve the problem that bad flax feel, silk moisture absorption and poor air permeability.
To solve the above problems, the scheme that the present invention uses is as follows:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, Characterized in that, the flax fiber weight content is 40-85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and bank up 8-24 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute Flax fiber weight content is stated as 65%.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute It is 50 degrees Celsius to state composite enzyme solution temperature in step 3.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute It is 1 hour to state flax high grade cotton yarn infiltrating time in composite enzyme solution in step 3.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute State and the time is banked up in step 3 as 16 hours.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are stated in step 5 according to weight than 3:1 blending.
Further, silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to above-mentioned design, it is characterised in that institute State and bleached when heating liquid lime chloride to 90 degrees Celsius in step 6.
The technique effect of the present invention is as follows:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight Amount content is 40-85%, and remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation includes:Pretreatment, the high branch of flax high grade cotton yarn, boiled silk fiber Yarn, rove, bleaching, pickling, cleaning, spun yarn and weave cotton cloth.Wet spinning process method provided by the invention can prepare excellent performance Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, use the silk fiber that the inventive method is weaved and flax fiber blending woven Cloth has the advantages of silk fiber and flax fiber concurrently, and wearability is high.The silk fiber of the inventive method weaving and flax are fine Dimension blended knitting fabrics have the characteristic such as soft, comfortable, ventilative, absorbing sweat, antibacterial, and novel appearance, fashion.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and bank up 8-24 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 2:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content are 65%, Remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and bank up 8-24 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 3:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 50 Degree Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and 8-24 hours are banked up, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 4:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, infiltration is taken out after 1 hour, and banks up 8-24 hours, and degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 5:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, take out, and bank up 16 hours after infiltrating 1-2 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 6:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and bank up 8-24 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made in blending;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90 is taken the photograph Family name's degree is bleached, and bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
Embodiment 7:A kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent with water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber after even, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber and water soluble vinylon rove are fed and reality jointly on wet spinning frame Now mix, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, dissolves vinylon fibre of decorporating, Obtain flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 degrees Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and bank up 8-24 hours, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silkworm Silk fiber high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:By degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn according to weight than 3:1 is mixed Spin to obtain silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wet In the liquid lime chloride for moistening agent composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature to 90-95 Degree Celsius bleached, bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:Will bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 be 2g/L with concentration sulfuric acid carries out in pickling with effective oxygen, Pickling mixed yarn is made;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, it is mixed that cleaning is made Spinning;
Step 9, spun yarn:To be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make lines intensity, The twist and line footpath reach the requirement of product specification, and blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by silk fiber High grade cotton yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains Silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to molar concentration:1;The aqueous solution A is potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and sulfuric acid in the aqueous solution Copper molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics, it is characterised in that the flax fiber weight content is 40- 85%, remaining is silk fiber, and its preparation comprises the following steps:
Step 1, pre-process:Flax fiber and silk fiber are loosened stacking respectively, after being mixed using linen-cotton finishing agent and water Equably it is sprayed on flax fiber, is equably sprayed at using pretreating agent on silk fiber, sealing respectively is banked up;
Step 2, flax high grade cotton yarn:Flax fiber is fed jointly with water soluble vinylon rove on wet spinning frame and realized mixed Close, obtain the mixed yarn of flax/water soluble vinylon;Mixed yarn is boiled in water solution A and boiled, vinylon fibre of decorporating is dissolved, obtains Flax high grade cotton yarn;
Step 3, degumming:Step 2 gained flax high grade cotton yarn is immersed in composite enzyme solution, keeps composite enzyme solution temperature 45-55 Degree Celsius, taken out after infiltrating 1-2 hours, and 8-24 hours are banked up, degumming flax high grade cotton yarn is made;
Step 4, silk fiber high grade cotton yarn:Pretreated silk fiber is weaved on wet spinning frame to obtain silk fibroin Tie up high grade cotton yarn;
Step 5, rove:Degumming flax high grade cotton yarn of above-mentioned preparation and silk fiber high grade cotton yarn are compared into 2-4 according to weight:1 blending Silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn is made;
Step 6, bleach:Step 5 gained silk fiber and flax fiber mixed yarn are immersed by hydrogen peroxide, stabilizer, wetting agent In the liquid lime chloride of composition, and add appropriate caustic soda and adjust pH value of solution to 10.5, it is Celsius to 90-95 to liquid lime chloride heating-up temperature Degree is bleached, and bleaching mixed yarn is made;
Step 7, pickling:The sulfuric acid that bleaching mixed yarn obtained by step 6 is 2g/L with concentration be made in pickling with effective oxygen Pickling mixed yarn;
Step 8, clean:Step 7 gained pickling mixed yarn is washed with cold water is reused after hot wash, cleaning blending is made Yarn;
Step 9, spun yarn:It will be wound into after the stretching of cleaning mixed yarn, afterturn obtained by step 8 on bobbin, make intensity, the twist of lines Reach the requirement of product specification with line footpath, blending spun yarn is made;
Step 10, weave cotton cloth:Using blending spun yarn as weft yarn, from the blending spun yarn that yarn count is 20~30D, by the high branch of silk fiber Yarn is as warp thread, from the silk fiber high grade cotton yarn that yarn count is 20S~40S, together with warp thread and weft yarns, obtains silk Fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics;
Wherein, the pretreating agent is the aqueous solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus mole Totally 0.05~0.07mol/L, the ratio between sodium dihydrogen phosphate and saleratus molar concentration are 4~6 to concentration:1;The water solution A is Potassium sulfate and copper sulphate, containing the potassium sulfate and copper sulphate that molar concentration is 7~9mmol/L, potassium sulfate and copper sulphate in the aqueous solution Molar concentration rate is 6~8:1.
2. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flax fiber weight It is 65% to measure content.
3. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that multiple in the step 3 Synthase solution temperature is 50 degrees Celsius.
4. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step 3 Central Asia Numb high grade cotton yarn infiltrating time in composite enzyme solution is 1 hour.
5. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that heap in the step 3 The time is put as 16 hours.
6. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that taken off in the step 5 Glue flax high grade cotton yarn is with silk fiber high grade cotton yarn according to weight than 3:1 blending.
7. silk fiber and flax fiber blended knitting fabrics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that add in the step 6 Bleached when thermal bleaching solution is to 90 degrees Celsius.
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