CN106069027B - A kind of annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting - Google Patents

A kind of annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting Download PDF

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CN106069027B
CN106069027B CN201610431596.XA CN201610431596A CN106069027B CN 106069027 B CN106069027 B CN 106069027B CN 201610431596 A CN201610431596 A CN 201610431596A CN 106069027 B CN106069027 B CN 106069027B
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soil
wrinkled giant
giant hyssop
water
peat
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CN106069027A (en
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邹立思
顾立梅
杨杉杉
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Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine
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Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting.The present invention determines the harvesting of wrinkled giant hyssop seed, dry, storage optimal conditions, provides safeguard for fine germplasm resources needed for the cultivation of wrinkled giant hyssop potting according to the characteristic of wrinkled giant hyssop seed after-ripening.And the control and adjusting of the conditions such as the present invention is by matching soil, soil moisture, air themperature, whole day illumination, fertilizer, bud picking, trimming, wrinkled giant hyssop seeding and seedling raising time range is divided into May in March-, August in June-, September-November, it can be expanded to 9 months the seeding and seedling raising time, reach the purpose of uninterrupted supply wrinkled giant hyssop Chinese medicine potting in annual 10 months.This method provides guarantee for the long-time of wrinkled giant hyssop Chinese medicine potting, large-scale production and supply, has distinct economic and application value.

Description

A kind of annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting
Technical field
The invention belongs to the plantation breeding methods of medicinal plant, and in particular to a kind of annual high effect culture side of wrinkled giant hyssop potting Method.
Background technique
Wrinkled giant hyssop Agastache rugosa (Fisch.et Mey.) O.Kuntze is Labiatae wrinkled giant hyssop category wrinkled giant hyssop plant, not Name herba agastachis rugosae, river wrinkled giant hyssop, Soviet Union wrinkled giant hyssop etc..For 1 year or perennial herb, complete stool had intense flavors, originated in China, and the whole nation is each There is cultivation on ground, is used as medicine with fresh cauline leaf, belongs to dietotherapeutic Chinese medicine, likes warm and moist weather, slightly cold-resistant, is afraid of arid, with cultivation Based on.Based on being used as medicine with fresh cauline leaf, fresh goods gives off a strong fragrance, and clear heat diverging inducing diaphoresis surpasses dry product except the function of heat, always for The good medicine of summertime driving away summer heat relieving restlessness, modern research shows that the volatile oil loss that wrinkled giant hyssop has aromatic odor in the drying process is more, because This wrinkled giant hyssop dry product drug effect is poor compared with fresh goods.Based on traditionally northern wrinkled giant hyssop was sowed with spring, south is based on planted in fall, Wu Fashi Existing whole year uninterruptedly supplies the purpose of fresh wrinkled giant hyssop, and the method for only sowing a season also affects the yield of wrinkled giant hyssop potting, Bu Nengman The demand in sufficient market, and the wrinkled giant hyssop quality that existing planting technology is cultivated is to be improved.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the purpose of the present invention is to solve the deficiencies in the prior art.The present invention is according to wrinkled giant hyssop seed after-ripening Characteristic, determine the harvesting of wrinkled giant hyssop seed, dry, storage optimal conditions, be fine germplasm resources needed for the cultivation of wrinkled giant hyssop potting It provides safeguard.And the present invention is by matching soil, soil moisture, air themperature, whole day illumination, fertilizer, bud picking, trimming etc. Wrinkled giant hyssop seeding and seedling raising time range is divided into May in March-, August in June-, September-November, can sow and educate by the control and adjusting of condition The seedling time is expanded to 9 months, reaches the purpose of uninterrupted supply wrinkled giant hyssop Chinese medicine potting in annual 10 months.This method is wrinkled giant hyssop Chinese medicine The long-time of potting, large-scale production and supply provide guarantee, have distinct economic and application value.
Technical solution: in order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of annual breeding method of wrinkled giant hyssop potting, comprising the following steps:
(1) seed breeding and harvesting: selection vane thickness 0.15cm or more, stem diameter 2.5cm or more, panel length do not surpass The plant for crossing 5cm is reserved seed for planting, and since November, cuts when fruit ear yellowish-brown in plant left to run to seed, fruit ear is stacked in open-top receptacle In, bank up 10 centimetres of thickness hereinafter, aeration-drying 8~10 days, fruit ear rubbed when seed color becomes sepia it is broken, with 10~20 Mesh standard sieve sifts out seed, and removes emptied seeds, obtains wrinkled giant hyssop seed;
(2) the storage of seeds: the wrinkled giant hyssop seed that step (1) harvesting obtains is packed into bag, desiccant and antioxygen are put into bag Agent, encapsulation, is placed in 0~5 DEG C of refrigerator and is protected from light refrigeration;
(3) cultivation technique: being divided into 3 periods for the wrinkled giant hyssop sowing time, is 3~May, 6~August and the 9-11 month respectively;
(3.1) seeding and seedling raising in March: taking 4~8 parts and 1~2 part of perlite of peat soil, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat mixing Soil is then filled in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1~1.5cm depth is not filled out Soil, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 5~10 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covering 1~ 1.5cm dry peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, it is every 2~3 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, Shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, and temperature is maintained at 15 DEG C or more, stay gas exchanges mouth, darkness it The cold light lamp source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in greenhouse afterwards, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts and 1~2 part of perlite of peat soil, is mixed Soil inserts composite soil in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), is sprinkled into potassium sulfate type when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into plastics In basin, so that composite soil is covered hole tray soil, irrigated with spray thrower;By the whole shift-in vinyl houses of the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, 2~ 3 days sprays, 1~2 water, maintains the temperature at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf, carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants of distributions Uniform stalwartness seedling;As the high 15~20cm of ground cauline leaf, outside air temperature is stablized greenhouse two sides film at 18 DEG C or more It starts, when outside air temperature reaches 30~35 DEG C, covers sunshade net in shed top, 1 day spray, 1~2 water is worked as to August part When ground cauline leaf height is more than 25~30cm, terminal bud is plucked, pours within hereafter every 8~10 days nitrogenous fertilizer water 1 time, totally 2~3 times, if not making It reserves seed for planting use, plucks petal at bud initial stage;
(3.2) April and seeding and seedling raising in May: 4~8 parts of peat soil are taken, 1~2 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed, obtains peat Peat composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, it is deep to reserve 1cm by composite soil Degree does not banket, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, and about 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, are finally covered 1cm dry peat composite soil;Then the hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 2~3 days thin watering 1~2 by spraying Secondary, shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, are kept greenhouse opposing seal, are stayed gas exchanges mouth, darkness The cold light source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in greenhouse later guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, when seedling has 2-3 piece It is transplanted when true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part and 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer of perlite, is mixed It closes and uniformly obtains composite soil, in filling plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), when filling out the high half of basin, be sprinkled into potassium sulfate Type compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into modeling In feed basin, hole tray soil is covered with composite soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower, all shift-in plastics are big by the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin Canopy, water of 1-2 days sprays raise greenhouse two sides film daytime when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, divulge information, at night Film is closed, as the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf, thinning is carried out, stays 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed;When ground cauline leaf When high 15~20cm, greenhouse is removed;When outside air temperature reaches 30~35 DEG C, wrinkled giant hyssop potting is placed under sunshade net, arrives August part When ground cauline leaf height is more than 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, is poured within hereafter every 10 days nitrogenous fertilizer water 1 time, totally 2~3 times;If not reserving seed for planting With plucking petal at bud initial stage;
(3.3) 6~August seeding and seedling raisings: taking 4~8 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, be sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil, Peat mixing soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not filled out Soil, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, and it is dry finally to cover 1cm Peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray All being placed on glasshouse or only top has in the greenhouse of film, and ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, after darkness The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in glasshouse or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, works as seedling It is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Composite soil uniformly is obtained, is then filled in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, Kind enters in plastic tub, and composite soil is then covered hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on Under sunshade net, 1~2 water of 1-2 days sprays, as the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf, carry out thinning, stay 3-4 plant be evenly distributed be good for Strong seedling;Terminal bud is plucked when stem height reaches 30~35cm, petal is extractd when not formed completely;
(3.4) 9-11 month seeding and seedling raising: 4~8 parts of peat soil are taken, 1~2 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil; Peat mixing soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not filled out Soil, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, about 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, and it is dry finally to cover 1cm Dry peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and cave Disk be all placed in glasshouse or only top on have in the greenhouse of film, ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, darkness it Afterwards, the cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in glasshouse or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, when Seedling is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Composite soil uniformly is obtained, is then filled in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, Kind enters in plastic tub, and mixing soil covers hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on one The closed transparent plastic greenhouse of formula, 1~2 water of 2-3 days sprays keep transparent plastic greenhouse room temperature stable at 15 DEG C or more, when When the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf, thinning is carried out, the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;When outdoor temperature decline 10 DEG C with When lower, wrinkled giant hyssop ground cauline leaf in potting is wiped out, sprinkles profoundly water and concentrates before weather freezes and be stored in greenhouse or glasshouse It is interior;To in mid-February, the 2nd, vinyl house is heated, stablizes canopy temperature at 15 DEG C or more, when outdoor temperature is steady When being scheduled on 18 DEG C or more, greenhouse two sides film is raised daytime, divulge information, close film at night, until wrinkled giant hyssop ground cauline leaf height reaches Until 15~20 centimetres, wrinkled giant hyssop potting can cultivate completion at the beginning of 3 months.
Preferably, the annual high-efficient method for cultivating of above-described wrinkled giant hyssop potting comprising following steps:
(1) seed breeding and harvesting: selection vane thickness 0.2cm or more, stem diameter 2.5cm or more, panel length do not surpass The plant for crossing 5cm is reserved seed for planting, and since November, cuts when fruit ear yellowish-brown in plant left to run to seed, fruit ear is stacked in open-top receptacle In, bank up 10 centimetres of thickness hereinafter, aeration-drying 8-10 days, fruit ear rubbed when seed color becomes sepia it is broken, with 10 targets Standard sifts out seed, and removes emptied seeds, obtains wrinkled giant hyssop seed;
(2) the storage of seeds: the wrinkled giant hyssop seed that step (1) harvesting obtains is packed into bag, desiccant and antioxygen are put into bag Agent, encapsulation, is placed in 0-5 DEG C of refrigerator and is protected from light refrigeration;
(3) cultivation technique: being divided into 3 periods for the wrinkled giant hyssop sowing time, is 3~May, 6~August and the 9-11 month respectively;
(3.1) seeding and seedling raising in March: 4 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil are taken, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil, then In filling in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then uses spray water So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water, 5~10 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry peat composite soil of 1cm; The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf All be placed in hole tray in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, temperature is maintained at 15 DEG C or more, stay 1 gas exchanges mouth, darkness it The cold light lamp source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in greenhouse afterwards, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil, is uniformly mixed and obtains composite soil, by composite soil Insert in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), be sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin 30% potassium sulfate type it is compound Fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into plastic tub In, so that composite soil is covered hole tray soil, is irrigated with spray thrower;By the whole shift-in vinyl houses of the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, 2~3 Its 1~2 water of spray, maintains the temperature at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants to be evenly distributed Healthy and strong seedling;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf, outside air temperature stabilization starts greenhouse two sides film at 18 DEG C or more, works as room When outer temperature reaches 35 DEG C, sunshade net, 1 day spray, 1~2 water, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground is super are covered in shed top When crossing 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 8~10 days 1 time, totally 2~3 times, if not reserving seed for planting With plucking petal at bud initial stage, cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.
(3.2) April and seeding and seedling raising in May: taking 4 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, be sufficiently mixed, and obtains peat mixing Peat composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserves 1cm depth not by soil It bankets, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, about 5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, it is dry finally to cover 1cm Peat composite soil;
Then the hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin spraying watering 1~2 time, shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, are kept greenhouse opposing seal, are stayed 1 gas exchanges Mouthful, the cold light source of 5200 colour temperatures is opened after darkness in greenhouse, guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, works as seedling It is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part and 0.5 part of organic fertilizer of perlite, is mixed Close soil, in filling plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), when filling out the high half of basin, be sprinkled into 30% potassium sulfate type it is compound Fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into plastic tub In, hole tray soil is covered with composite soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower, the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is all moved into vinyl house, 1-2 Its water of spray raises greenhouse two sides film daytime when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, divulges information, closes at night thin Film carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf, Remove greenhouse;When outside air temperature reaches 35 DEG C, wrinkled giant hyssop potting is placed under sunshade net, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground is super When crossing 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 10 days 1 time, totally 2~3 times;If not being used as to reserve seed for planting, Petal is plucked at bud initial stage, cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.
(3.3) 6~August seeding and seedling raisings: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, peat composite soil is sufficiently mixed to obtain, by peat Soil is mixed to insert in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry peat of 1cm Composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all placed In the greenhouse for having film on glasshouse or only top, ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, glass temperature after darkness The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in room or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, when seedling has 2-3 piece It is transplanted when true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Soil is then filled in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), and 30% potassium sulfate is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Type compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into modeling In feed basin, composite soil is then covered into hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on sunshade net Under, 1~2 water of 1-2 days sprays carries out thinning, stays the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf;When Stem height plucks terminal bud when reaching 30cm, petal is extractd when not formed completely, and cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.
(3.4) 9-11 month seeding and seedling raising: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil;By peat Soil is mixed to insert in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, about 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry mud of 1cm Charcoal composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all put Being placed on glasshouse or only top has in the greenhouse of film, and ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, after darkness, The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in glasshouse or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, works as seedling It is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Soil is then filled in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), and 30% potassium sulfate is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Type compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into modeling In feed basin, mixing soil covers hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;It is closed that the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on integral type Transparent plastic greenhouse, 1~2 water of 2-3 days sprays stablize transparent plastic greenhouse room temperature at 15 DEG C or more, work as the aerial stem of plant When the high 6cm of leaf, thinning is carried out, the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;When outdoor temperature declines at 10 DEG C or less, by basin Wrinkled giant hyssop ground cauline leaf is wiped out in cultivation, is sprinkled profoundly water and is concentrated before weather freezes and is stored in greenhouse or glasshouse;By the 2nd year Mid-February vinyl house is heated, make canopy temperature stablize at 15 DEG C or more, when outdoor temperature stablize 18 DEG C with When upper, greenhouse two sides film is raised daytime, and divulged information, close film at night, be up to cauline leaf height in wrinkled giant hyssop ground reaches 15 centimetres Only, wrinkled giant hyssop potting can cultivate completion at the beginning of 3 months.
The utility model has the advantages that the invention has the following advantages over the prior art:
The annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting provided by the invention determines the leaves of pulse plants according to the characteristic of wrinkled giant hyssop seed after-ripening Fragrant seed harvesting, dry, storage optimal conditions, provide safeguard for fine germplasm resources needed for the cultivation of wrinkled giant hyssop potting.Especially It is that the present invention is screened by many experiments, to soil proportion, soil moisture, air themperature, whole day illumination, fertilizer, bud picking, trimming Etc. conditions control and adjusting, wrinkled giant hyssop seeding and seedling raising time range is divided into May in March-, August in June-, September-November, can be sowed Seedling raise period is expanded to 9 months, reaches the purpose of uninterrupted supply wrinkled giant hyssop Chinese medicine potting in annual 10 months.This method is in wrinkled giant hyssop The long-time of medicine potting, large-scale production and supply provide guarantee, can solve existing wrinkled giant hyssop potting difficulty it is big, it is at high cost, The slow problem of low output, benefit has distinct economic and application value.
Specific embodiment
According to following embodiments, the present invention may be better understood.However, as it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that real It applies specific material proportion, process conditions and its result described in example and is merely to illustrate the present invention, without that should will not limit The present invention described in detail in claims processed.All technologies realized based on above content of the present invention belong to the present invention Range.Embodiment 1
The annual high-efficient method for cultivating of fragrant potting comprising following steps:
(1) seed breeding and harvesting: selection vane thickness 0.2cm or more, stem diameter 2.5cm or more, panel length do not surpass The plant for crossing 5cm is reserved seed for planting, and since November, cuts when fruit ear yellowish-brown in plant left to run to seed, fruit ear is stacked in open-top receptacle In, bank up 10 centimetres of thickness hereinafter, aeration-drying 8-10 days, fruit ear rubbed when seed color becomes sepia it is broken, with 10 targets Standard sifts out seed, and removes emptied seeds, obtains wrinkled giant hyssop seed;
(2) the storage of seeds: the wrinkled giant hyssop seed that step (1) harvesting obtains is packed into bag, desiccant and antioxygen are put into bag Agent, encapsulation, is placed in 0-5 DEG C of refrigerator and is protected from light refrigeration;
(3) cultivation technique: being divided into 3 periods for the wrinkled giant hyssop sowing time, is 3~May, 6~August and the 9-11 month respectively;
(3.1) seeding and seedling raising in March: 4 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil are taken, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil, then In filling in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then uses spray water So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water, 5~10 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry peat composite soil of 1cm; The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf All be placed in hole tray in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, temperature is maintained at 15 DEG C or more, stay 1 gas exchanges mouth, darkness it The cold light lamp source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in greenhouse afterwards, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil, is uniformly mixed and obtains composite soil, by composite soil Insert in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), be sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin 30% potassium sulfate type it is compound Fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into plastic tub In, so that composite soil is covered hole tray soil, is irrigated with spray thrower;By the whole shift-in vinyl houses of the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, 2~3 Its 1~2 water of spray, maintains the temperature at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants to be evenly distributed Healthy and strong seedling;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf, outside air temperature stabilization starts greenhouse two sides film at 18 DEG C or more, works as room When outer temperature reaches 35 DEG C, sunshade net, 1 day spray, 1~2 water, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground is super are covered in shed top When crossing 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 8~10 days 1 time, totally 2~3 times, if not reserving seed for planting With plucking petal at bud initial stage, cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.
(3.2) April and seeding and seedling raising in May: taking 4 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, be sufficiently mixed, and obtains peat mixing Peat composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserves 1cm depth not by soil It bankets, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, about 5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, it is dry finally to cover 1cm Peat composite soil;
Then the hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin spraying watering 1~2 time, shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, are kept greenhouse opposing seal, are stayed 1 gas exchanges Mouthful, the cold light source of 5200 colour temperatures is opened after darkness in greenhouse, guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, works as seedling It is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part and 0.5 part of organic fertilizer of perlite, is mixed Close soil, in filling plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), when filling out the high half of basin, be sprinkled into 30% potassium sulfate type it is compound Fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into plastic tub In, hole tray soil is covered with composite soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower, the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is all moved into vinyl house, 1-2 Its water of spray raises greenhouse two sides film daytime when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, divulges information, closes at night thin Film carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf, Remove greenhouse;When outside air temperature reaches 35 DEG C, wrinkled giant hyssop potting is placed under sunshade net, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground is super When crossing 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 10 days 1 time, totally 2~3 times;If not being used as to reserve seed for planting, Petal is plucked at bud initial stage, cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.The method can harvest altogether 3 fresh stems of wrinkled giant hyssop in June, September, December Leaf, the fresh cauline leaf annual production of wrinkled giant hyssop up to 25 Kilograms Per Square Meters more than.Its yield is higher by 35% or more than traditional planting patterns, Quality is more stably and controllable.
(3.3) 6~August seeding and seedling raisings: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, peat composite soil is sufficiently mixed to obtain, by peat Soil is mixed to insert in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry peat of 1cm Composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all placed In the greenhouse for having film on glasshouse or only top, ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, glass temperature after darkness The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in room or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, when seedling has 2-3 piece It is transplanted when true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Soil is then filled in plastic tub (high 18cm, upper bore 20cm), and 30% potassium sulfate is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin Type compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted into modeling In feed basin, composite soil is then covered into hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on sunshade net Under, 1~2 water of 1-2 days sprays carries out thinning, stays the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf;When Stem height plucks terminal bud when reaching 30cm, petal is extractd when not formed completely, and cultivation obtains wrinkled giant hyssop potting.The method can be in current year October, May in next year, August, December harvest 4 fresh cauline leafs of wrinkled giant hyssop altogether, and the fresh cauline leaf annual production of wrinkled giant hyssop is up to 30 kilograms/square Meter or more.Its yield is higher by 40% or more than traditional planting patterns, and quality is more stably and controllable.
(3.4) 9-11 month seeding and seedling raising: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil;By peat Soil is mixed to insert in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, about 3~5 wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry mud of 1cm Charcoal composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all put Being placed on glasshouse or only top has in the greenhouse of film, and ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, after darkness, The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in glasshouse or greenhouse guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil under light illumination, works as seedling It is transplanted when having 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, is mixed Soil is then filled in plastic tub, is sprinkled into 30% potassium sulfate compound fertilizer when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then by composite soil Fill up basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, mixing soil covering Firmly hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type, 2-3 days 1~2 water is sprayed, stablizes transparent plastic greenhouse room temperature at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, carries out thinning, Stay the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed;When outdoor temperature declines at 10 DEG C or less, wrinkled giant hyssop ground cauline leaf in potting is cut It removes, sprinkles profoundly water and concentrate before weather freezes and be stored in greenhouse or glasshouse;To in mid-February, the 2nd, to vinyl house It is heated, stablizes canopy temperature at 15 DEG C or more, when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, raise greenhouse two daytime Side film, ventilation, closes film at night, until cauline leaf height in wrinkled giant hyssop ground reaches 15 centimetres, wrinkled giant hyssop potting at the beginning of 3 months It cultivates and completes.The method can harvest altogether 3 fresh cauline leafs of wrinkled giant hyssop in May in next year, August, December, and the fresh cauline leaf annual production of wrinkled giant hyssop can Up to more than 27 Kilograms Per Square Meters.Its yield is higher by 35% or more than traditional planting patterns, and quality is more stably and controllable.
The technical concepts and features of embodiment of above only to illustrate the invention, its object is to allow be familiar with technique People understands the content of present invention and is implemented, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all spirit according to the present invention is real The equivalent change or modification that matter is done, should be covered by the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting, which comprises the following steps:
(1) seed breeding and harvesting: selection vane thickness 0.15cm or more, stem diameter 2.5cm or more, panel length are no more than The plant of 5cm is reserved seed for planting, and since November, cuts when fruit ear yellowish-brown in plant left to run to seed, fruit ear is stacked in open-top receptacle, 10 centimetres of thickness is banked up hereinafter, aeration-drying 8~10 days, fruit ear rubbed when seed color becomes sepia it is broken, with 10~20 mesh Standard screen sifts out seed, and removes emptied seeds, obtains wrinkled giant hyssop seed;
(2) the storage of seeds: the wrinkled giant hyssop seed that step (1) harvesting obtains being packed into bag, desiccant and antioxidant are put into bag, Encapsulation, is placed in 0~5 DEG C of refrigerator and is protected from light refrigeration;
(3) cultivation technique: being divided into 4 periods for the wrinkled giant hyssop sowing time, is March, 4~May, 6~August and the 9-11 month respectively;
(3.1) seeding and seedling raising in March: 4~8 parts and 1~2 part of perlite of peat soil are taken, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil, so It is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm afterwards, reserved 1~1.5cm depth is not banketed, then is used Spray water makes soil sufficiently absorb water, and 5~10 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, and finally covering 1~ 1.5cm dry peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, it is every 2~3 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, Shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, and temperature is maintained at 15 DEG C or more, stay gas exchanges mouth, darkness it The cold light lamp source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse afterwards, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: taking 2~4 parts of garden mould, 2~4 parts and 1~2 part of perlite of peat soil, be uniformly mixed and obtain composite soil, will Composite soil is inserted in plastic tub, is sprinkled into potassium sulfate compound fertilizer when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then composite soil is filled up basin; Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, plants in plastic tub, composite soil is made to cover hole tray Soil is irrigated with spray thrower;By the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, all shift-in vinyl house, 2~3 days sprays, 1~2 water keep temperature Degree is at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf, carries out thinning, stays 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed;When on the ground When the high 15~20cm of cauline leaf, outside air temperature stabilization starts vinyl house two sides film at 18 DEG C or more, when outside air temperature reaches When to 30~35 DEG C, sunshade net, 1 day spray, 1~2 water, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground surpasses are covered on vinyl house top When crossing 25~30cm, terminal bud is plucked, pours within hereafter every 8~10 days nitrogenous fertilizer water 1 time, totally 2~3 times, if not being used as to reserve seed for planting, at the beginning of bud Phase plucks petal;
(3.2) April and seeding and seedling raising in May: taking 4~8 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, be sufficiently mixed, and obtains peat mixing Peat composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, reserves 1cm depth not by soil It bankets, then so that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, are finally covered Cover the dry peat composite soil of 1cm;Then the hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 2~3 days thin watering 1~2 by spraying Secondary, shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, are kept integral type transparent plastic greenhouse opposing seal, are stayed gas Body exchanges mouth, opens the cold light source of 5200 colour temperatures after darkness in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, guarantees each hole tray surface mud Soil exposure under light illumination, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part and 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer of perlite, mixing is equal It is even to obtain composite soil, it inserts in plastic tub, when filling out the high half of basin, is sprinkled into potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up Basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, covers cave with composite soil Disk soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower, and by the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, all shift-in vinyl house, water of 1-2 days sprays work as outdoor Temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, raises vinyl house two sides film daytime, divulges information, film is closed at night, when ground cauline leaf is high by 6 When~8cm, thinning is carried out, 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;As the high 15~20cm of ground cauline leaf, it is big to remove plastics Canopy;When outside air temperature reaches 30~35 DEG C, wrinkled giant hyssop potting is placed under sunshade net, to August part when cauline leaf height in ground is more than When 30cm, terminal bud is plucked, is poured within hereafter every 10 days nitrogenous fertilizer water 1 time, totally 2~3 times;If not being used as to reserve seed for planting, flower is plucked at bud initial stage Bud;
(3.3) 6~August seeding and seedling raisings: 4~8 parts of peat soil are taken, 1~2 part of perlite, peat composite soil is sufficiently mixed to obtain, by mud Charcoal composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, it is dry finally to cover 1cm Dry peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and cave Disk be all placed in glasshouse or only top on have in the greenhouse of film, ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, darkness it Glasshouse or only there is the cold light source for placing 5200 colour temperatures in the greenhouse of film on top afterwards, guarantees that each hole tray surface soil is sudden and violent Dew under light illumination, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer, is uniformly mixed Composite soil is obtained, is then filled in plastic tub, potassium sulfate compound fertilizer is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then will mixing Soil fills up basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, then will mixing Soil covers hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed under sunshade net, 1-2 days sprays 1~2 Secondary water carries out thinning, stays the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed as the high 6~8cm of ground cauline leaf;When stem height reaches 30~ Terminal bud is plucked when 35cm, petal is extractd when not formed completely;
(3.4) 9-11 month seeding and seedling raising: 4~8 parts of peat soil are taken, 1~2 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil;By mud Charcoal composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water, 3~5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, it is dry finally to cover 1cm Dry peat composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and cave Disk be all placed in glasshouse or only top on have in the greenhouse of film, ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, darkness it Afterwards, the cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in the greenhouse for having film on glasshouse or only top, guarantees each hole tray surface mud Soil exposure under light illumination, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2~4 parts of garden mould are taken, 2~4 parts of peat soil, 1~2 part of perlite, 0.5~1 part of organic fertilizer, is uniformly mixed Composite soil is obtained, is then filled in plastic tub, potassium sulfate compound fertilizer is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then will mixing Soil fills up basin;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, composite soil covering Firmly hole tray soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type, 2-3 days Spray 1~2 water, stablize the closed transparent plastic greenhouse room temperature of integral type at 15 DEG C or more, when ground cauline leaf it is high by 6~ When 8cm, thinning is carried out, the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;It, will be in potting when outdoor temperature declines at 10 DEG C or less Wrinkled giant hyssop ground cauline leaf is wiped out, and is sprinkled profoundly water and is concentrated before weather freezes and is stored in the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type or glass In greenhouse;To in mid-February, the 2nd, the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type is heated, keeps the closed transparent plastic of integral type big Temperature of shed is stablized at 15 DEG C or more, when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, raises integral type closed transparent plastic daytime Greenhouse two sides film, ventilation, closes film at night, until cauline leaf height in wrinkled giant hyssop ground reaches 15~20 centimetres, the leaves of pulse plants at the beginning of 3 months Fragrant potting can cultivate completion.
2. the annual high-efficient method for cultivating of wrinkled giant hyssop potting according to claim 1, which comprises the following steps:
(1) seed breeding and harvesting: selection vane thickness 0.2cm or more, stem diameter 2.5cm or more, panel length are no more than 5cm Plant reserve seed for planting, since November, cut, fruit ear be stacked in open-top receptacle, heap when fruit ear yellowish-brown in plant left to run to seed 10 centimetres of thickness is set hereinafter, aeration-drying 8-10 days, rub fruit ear when seed color becomes sepia broken, sieved with 10 mesh standard sieves Seed out, and remove emptied seeds, obtain wrinkled giant hyssop seed;
(2) the storage of seeds: the wrinkled giant hyssop seed that step (1) harvesting obtains being packed into bag, desiccant and antioxidant are put into bag, Encapsulation, is placed in 0-5 DEG C of refrigerator and is protected from light refrigeration;
(3) cultivation technique: being divided into 4 periods for the wrinkled giant hyssop sowing time, is March, 4~May, 6~August and the 9-11 month respectively;
(3.1) seeding and seedling raising in March: 4 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil are taken, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil, be then filled with Upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm 72 cave seedling culture hole plates in, reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then makes soil with spray water Earth sufficiently absorbs water, and 5~10 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry peat mixing of 1cm Soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, frame Son and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, and temperature is maintained at 15 DEG C or more, stays 1 gas exchanges mouth, darkness The cold light lamp source for opening 5200 colour temperatures in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse later, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: 2 parts of garden mould are taken, 2 parts and 1 part of perlite of peat soil, is uniformly mixed and obtains composite soil, composite soil is inserted In plastic tub, 30% potassium sulfate compound fertilizer is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Selection Plug seedling of the quantity of emerging at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, so that composite soil is covered hole tray soil, is used Spray thrower irrigates;By the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin, all shift-in vinyl house, 2~3 days sprays, 1~2 water maintain the temperature at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, thinning is carried out, 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf When, outside air temperature stabilization starts vinyl house two sides film at 18 DEG C or more, when outside air temperature reaches 35 DEG C, in plastics Shed top covers sunshade net, and 1 day spray, 1~2 water plucks terminal bud to August part when ground cauline leaf height is more than 30cm, Hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 8~10 days 1 time totally 2~3 times, if not being used as to reserve seed for planting, plucks flower at bud initial stage Bud;
(3.2) April and seeding and seedling raising in May: taking 4 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, be sufficiently mixed, obtain peat composite soil, will Peat composite soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, So that soil is sufficiently absorbed water with spray water again, 5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, it is dry finally to cover 1cm Peat composite soil;
Then the hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on the shelf that interlamellar spacing is 30~40cm, every 2~3 days thin watering 1~2 by spraying Secondary, shelf and hole tray are all placed in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse, are kept integral type transparent plastic greenhouse opposing seal, are stayed 1 A gas exchanges mouth opens the cold light source of 5200 colour temperatures after darkness, guarantees each hole tray table in integral type transparent plastic greenhouse Soil exposure in face under light illumination, is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: taking 2 parts of garden mould, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part and 0.5 part of organic fertilizer of perlite, be uniformly mixed and obtain composite soil, It inserts in plastic tub, when filling out the high half of basin, is sprinkled into 30% potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, then composite soil is filled up into basin;Selection Plug seedling of the quantity of emerging at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, is covered hole tray soil with composite soil, is used Spray thrower sprinkles profoundly water, and the wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is all moved into vinyl house, water of 1-2 days sprays, when outdoor temperature is steady When being scheduled on 18 DEG C or more, vinyl house two sides film is raised daytime, divulge information, close film at night, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, Thinning is carried out, 3~4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;As the high 15cm of ground cauline leaf, vinyl house is removed;When outdoor gas When temperature reaches 35 DEG C, wrinkled giant hyssop potting is placed under sunshade net, to August part when ground cauline leaf height is more than 30cm, plucks terminal bud, Hereafter every nitrogenous fertilizer water for pouring volume ratio 1000:1 for 10 days 1 time, totally 2~3 times;If not being used as to reserve seed for planting, petal is plucked at bud initial stage;
(3.3) 6~August seeding and seedling raisings: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, peat composite soil is sufficiently mixed to obtain, peat is mixed Soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then with by spraying Water makes soil sufficiently absorb water, and 3~5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry mud of 1cm Charcoal composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all put Being placed on glasshouse or only top has in the greenhouse of film, and ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, glass after darkness The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in the greenhouse for having film on greenhouse or only top, guarantees that each hole tray surface soil is exposed to light According under, transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: taking 2 parts of garden mould, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, be uniformly mixed and obtain composite soil, It is then filled in plastic tub, 30% potassium sulfate compound fertilizer is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then composite soil is filled out It is basinful;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, plants in plastic tub, then covers composite soil Hole tray soil is covered, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed under sunshade net, 1~2 water of 1-2 days sprays, As the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, thinning is carried out, the 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed;Top is plucked when stem height reaches 30cm Bud, petal are extractd when not formed completely;
(3.4) 9-11 month seeding and seedling raising: 4 parts of peat soil are taken, 1 part of perlite, is sufficiently mixed to obtain peat composite soil;Peat is mixed Soil is inserted in the 72 cave seedling culture hole plates of upper aperture 4cm, lower aperture 2cm, hole depth 4cm, and reserved 1cm depth is not banketed, then with by spraying Water makes soil sufficiently absorb water, and 3~5 step (1) wrinkled giant hyssop seeds are uniformly broadcast in each hole, finally covers the dry mud of 1cm Charcoal composite soil;The hole tray that sowing terminates is placed on shelf, every 1-2 days thin to water 1~2 time by spraying, shelf and hole tray are all put Being placed on glasshouse or only top has in the greenhouse of film, and ventilation and penetrating light prevents hole tray to be poured by rain, after darkness, The cold light source that 5200 colour temperatures are placed in the greenhouse for having film on glasshouse or only top guarantees the exposure of each hole tray surface soil Under light illumination, it is transplanted when seedling has 2-3 piece true leaf;
Transplanting and maintenance: taking 2 parts of garden mould, 2 parts of peat soil, 1 part of perlite, 0.5 part of organic fertilizer, be uniformly mixed and obtain composite soil, It is then filled in plastic tub, 30% potassium sulfate compound fertilizer is sprinkled into when composite soil fills out the high half of basin, then composite soil is filled out It is basinful;Plug seedling of the selection emergence quantity at 3 plants or more, seedling band soil is dug out, is planted in plastic tub, composite soil covers cave Disk soil, is sprinkled profoundly water with spray thrower;The wrinkled giant hyssop potting of first-class basin is placed on the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type, 2-3 days sprays 1 ~2 water stablize the closed transparent plastic greenhouse room temperature of integral type at 15 DEG C or more, as the high 6cm of ground cauline leaf, carry out The 3-4 plants of healthy and strong seedlings being evenly distributed are stayed in thinning;When outdoor temperature declines at 10 DEG C or less, by the wrinkled giant hyssop aerial stem of plant in potting Leaf is wiped out, and is sprinkled profoundly water and is concentrated before weather freezes and is stored in the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type or glasshouse;It arrives In mid-February, the 2nd the closed transparent plastic greenhouse of integral type is heated, makes the closed transparent plastic canopy temperature of integral type Stablize at 15 DEG C or more, when outdoor temperature is stablized at 18 DEG C or more, raises integral type closed transparent plastic greenhouse two sides daytime Film, ventilation, closes film at night, and until cauline leaf height in wrinkled giant hyssop ground reaches 15 centimetres, wrinkled giant hyssop potting can be trained at the beginning of 3 months Educate completion.
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