CN106003671A - 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法 - Google Patents

轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106003671A
CN106003671A CN201610548787.4A CN201610548787A CN106003671A CN 106003671 A CN106003671 A CN 106003671A CN 201610548787 A CN201610548787 A CN 201610548787A CN 106003671 A CN106003671 A CN 106003671A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity die
station
airduct
unit
xpe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610548787.4A
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
CN106003671B (zh
Inventor
吴艺峰
杨林
尹程
武海刚
卓李传
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGXI XINSHEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUANGXI XINSHEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGXI XINSHEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical GUANGXI XINSHEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610548787.4A priority Critical patent/CN106003671B/zh
Publication of CN106003671A publication Critical patent/CN106003671A/zh
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106003671B publication Critical patent/CN106003671B/zh
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/10Forming by pressure difference, e.g. vacuum
    • B29C51/105Twin sheet thermoforming, i.e. deforming two parallel opposing sheets or foils at the same time by using one common mould cavity and without welding them together during thermoforming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/26Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C51/261Handling means, e.g. transfer means, feeding means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/26Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C51/266Auxiliary operations after the thermoforming operation
    • B29C51/267Two sheets being thermoformed in separate mould parts and joined together while still in the mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/26Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C51/30Moulds
    • B29C51/32Moulds having cutting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/26Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C51/30Moulds
    • B29C51/36Moulds specially adapted for vacuum forming, Manufacture thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/26Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C51/42Heating or cooling
    • B29C51/421Heating or cooling of preforms, specially adapted for thermoforming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2791/00Shaping characteristics in general
    • B29C2791/004Shaping under special conditions
    • B29C2791/006Using vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2023/00Tubular articles
    • B29L2023/005Hoses, i.e. flexible

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Blow-Moulding Or Thermoforming Of Plastics Or The Like (AREA)
  • Moulds For Moulding Plastics Or The Like (AREA)

Abstract

本发明公开了一种轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法,包括使用一条风管成型生产线加工一种轻量化XPE汽车空调风管,其中所述风管成型生产线包括依次形成上料、校正、加热、合模成型工位的机架,横向移栽单元,气缸,吸盘;校正单元;加热单元;吸塑成型模;其工艺步骤包括:A上料;B校正;C加热;D成型;E取出风管。本发明与现有技术相比,可以解决现有汽车空调风管吹塑工艺表面质量差,产品壁厚不均匀,重量重,隔音隔热效果差的问题。

Description

轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法
技术领域
本发明涉及汽车空调技术领域,尤其是一种用于轻量化XPE汽车空调的风管的加工方法。
背景技术
现有的汽车空调风管成型一般采用吸塑成型工艺,即HDPE材料挤出后,通过成型模具合模,采用吹针吹气,使HDPE材料充满模具型腔,产品冷却后开模取出风管,再经过切边即可得到制品。该工艺适用于中空产品,生产效率高。边角料经粉碎后与新料按一定配比混合可以回用于产品生产。但采用这种吸塑生产的汽车空调风管存在如下不足:由于只靠吹气充型,充型压力不大,制品表面质量相对较差;而且材料利用率较低,产品壁厚也不均匀,壁厚尺寸差异较大。
发明内容
本发明所要解决的问题是提供一种轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法,以解决现有汽车空调风管吸塑工艺表面质量差,产品壁厚不均匀,重量重,隔音隔热效果差的问题。
为了解决上述问题,本发明的技术方案是:本轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法包括使用一条风管成型生产线,该风管成型生产线包括依次形成上料、校正、加热和合模成型工位的机架,所述机架与用于夹持板材在所述机架的工位间横向移动的横向移载单元连接;所述上料工位的所述机架上设有升降驱动单元,所述升降单元的底部设有吸盘,校正工位的所述机架上设有校正单元;加热工位的所述机架上设置有加热单元;合模成型工位的所述机架内设有吸塑成型模,所述吸塑成型模包括机身,所述机架顶部竖立安装有两个升降动力缸,所述升降动力缸的下端设有凸模,所述机身下部并排设有上凹模和下凹模,所述上凹模和所述下凹模的内侧均铰接在所述机身上,所述上凹模的外侧与所述机身之间、所述下凹模的外侧与所述机身之间均连接有转动动力缸;
其工艺步骤包括:
A上料:采用吸盘吸取层叠放置的XPE板材,启动通过升降驱动单元,将板材升起;
B校正:通过横向移载单元将板材输送到校正工位的校正单元上进行校正;
C加热:通过横向移栽单元将校正好的板材输送到加热工位的加热单元内加热;
D成型:通过横向移栽单元将加热后的板材在热状态下输送到合模成型工位的上凹模和下凹模的上表面,凸模下降将板材压紧在上凹模和下凹模上,抽真空,将风管分两半成型,之后凸模上升回位,再启动吸塑成型模,吸塑成型模的上凹模和下凹模同时翻转90°,在吸塑成型模的中部合模,风管的两半合并热压成型,上凹模和下凹模合模同时也将风管周边边角料切断;
E取件:待步骤D的风管冷却后,吸塑成型模的下凹模和上凹模分开并复位,反吹气脱模,取出风管。
由于采用了上述技术方案,本发明与现有技术相比具有如下有益效果:
1、本轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法采用一整套风管成型生产线,使上料、校正、加热、合模成型工序连续快速完成,且校正定位后可以连续成型,保证了较高的加工效率和加工精度;
2、本轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法在板材热状态下先进行凸模压成型,抽真空,先将风管分两半成型,这样可以使板材在紧密压制的情况下所受的压力较均匀,上凹模和下凹模再合模热压成型,因而可以大大降低风管壁厚不均匀的现象,并且可以达到现汽车轻量化要求,比吸塑风管重量减轻至少80%;XPE板材表面结皮,密闭独立泡孔结构,吸水率低,导热系数低,隔热效果佳;采用XPE板材作为原料进行热压成型,使成品具有良好的柔软性,在仪表台总成的装配上有较大的简便性。
附图说明
图1是本发明实施例的主视图;
图2是本发明实施例的俯视图。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图对本发明实施例作进一步详述:
如图1、图2所示的本轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法,包括使用一条风管成型生产线加工一种轻量化XPE汽车空调风管。
其中风管成型生产线包括依次形成上料、校正、加热、合模成型工位的机架10,上料工位1,校正工位2,加热工位3,合模成型工位4。机架10与横向移载单元连接,可以将板材加持住在机架10上的不同工位间横向移动。上料工位1的机架10上设置有升降驱动单元,升降单元的底部设有吸盘,吸盘与真空泵连接。校正工位2的机架10上设有校正单元2-1;加热工位3的机架10上设置有加热单元3-1;合模成型工位4的机架10内设有吸塑成型模,吸塑成型模包括机身4-1,机架10顶部竖立安装有两个升降动力缸4-2,升降动力缸4-2的下端设有凸模4-3,机身4-1下部并排设有上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5,上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5的内侧均铰接在机身4-1上,上凹模4-4的外侧与机身4-1之间、下凹模4-5的外侧与机身4-1之间均连接有转动动力缸4-6。
其工艺步骤包括:
A上料:在上料工位1,采用与真空泵连接的吸盘1-1吸取层叠放置的XPE板材,启动通过升降驱动单元,将板材升起。
B校正:通过横向移载单元11将板材输送到校正工位2的校正单元2-1上进行校正。
C加热:通过夹持式横向移栽单元11将校正好的板材输送到加热工位3的加热单元3-1内加热。
D成型:通过横向移栽单元11将加热后的板材在热状态下输送到合模成型工位4的上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5的上表面,凸模4-3下降将板材压紧在上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5上,抽真空,将风管分两半成型,之后凸模4-3上升回位,再启动吸塑成型模,吸塑成型模的上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5同时翻转90°,在吸塑成型模的中部合模,风管的两半合并热压成型,上凹模4-4和下凹模4-5合模同时也将风管周边边角料切断。
E取件:待步骤D的风管冷却后,吸塑成型模的下凹模4-4和上凹模4-5分开并复位,反吹气脱模,取出风管。

Claims (1)

1.一种轻量化XPE汽车空调风管加工方法,其特征在于:包括使用一条风管成型生产线,该风管成型生产线包括依次形成上料、校正、加热和合模成型工位的机架,所述机架与用于夹持板材在所述机架的工位间横向移动的横向移载单元连接;所述上料工位的所述机架上设有升降驱动单元,所述升降单元的底部设有吸盘,校正工位的所述机架上设有校正单元;加热工位的所述机架上设置有加热单元;合模成型工位的所述机架内设有吸塑成型模,所述吸塑成型模包括机身,所述机架顶部竖立安装有两个升降动力缸,所述升降动力缸的下端设有凸模,所述机身下部并排设有上凹模和下凹模,所述上凹模和所述下凹模的内侧均铰接在所述机身上,所述上凹模的外侧与所述机身之间、所述下凹模的外侧与所述机身之间均连接有转动动力缸;
其工艺步骤包括:
A上料:采用吸盘吸取层叠放置的XPE板材,启动通过升降驱动单元,将板材升起;
B校正:通过横向移载单元将板材输送到校正工位的校正单元上进行校正;
C加热:通过横向移栽单元将校正好的板材输送到加热工位的加热单元内加热;
D成型:通过横向移栽单元将加热后的板材在热状态下输送到合模成型工位的上凹模和下凹模的上表面,凸模下降将板材压紧在上凹模和下凹模上,抽真空,将风管分两半成型,之后凸模上升回位,再之后吸塑成型模的上凹模和下凹模同时翻转90°,在吸塑成型模的中部合模,风管的两半合并热压成型,上凹模和下凹模合模同时也将风管周边边角料切断;
E取件:待步骤D的风管冷却后,吸塑成型模的下凹模和上凹模分开并复位,反吹气脱模,取出风管。
CN201610548787.4A 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法 Active CN106003671B (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610548787.4A CN106003671B (zh) 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610548787.4A CN106003671B (zh) 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106003671A true CN106003671A (zh) 2016-10-12
CN106003671B CN106003671B (zh) 2018-03-30

Family

ID=57109509

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610548787.4A Active CN106003671B (zh) 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106003671B (zh)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107839198A (zh) * 2017-11-06 2018-03-27 天津市腾华吸塑包装制品有限公司 一种快速自动吸塑成型机
CN108127945A (zh) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-08 湖北三江航天江河橡塑有限公司 一种吸塑粘接的汽车空调风管及其制作方法

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090104300A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2009-04-23 Abeta Hiroshi Method of clamping material and a material-clamping unit used therefor
CN201669888U (zh) * 2010-05-05 2010-12-15 林士顺 一种吸塑生产线
CN203994664U (zh) * 2014-03-20 2014-12-10 东风(十堰)非金属部件有限公司 风管吹塑自动包封辅助装置
CN104553683A (zh) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-29 上海钟华汽车阻尼材料有限公司 一种吸音效果好的汽车通风管的制作方法
CN104608393A (zh) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-13 长春力登维科技产业有限公司 一种双片材低密度聚乙烯泡沫风管的生产方法
CN104816463A (zh) * 2015-03-16 2015-08-05 丹阳市新美龙汽车软饰件有限公司 用贴有pvc表皮膜的abs板材来制作汽车顶盖的方法

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090104300A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2009-04-23 Abeta Hiroshi Method of clamping material and a material-clamping unit used therefor
CN201669888U (zh) * 2010-05-05 2010-12-15 林士顺 一种吸塑生产线
CN203994664U (zh) * 2014-03-20 2014-12-10 东风(十堰)非金属部件有限公司 风管吹塑自动包封辅助装置
CN104553683A (zh) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-29 上海钟华汽车阻尼材料有限公司 一种吸音效果好的汽车通风管的制作方法
CN104608393A (zh) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-13 长春力登维科技产业有限公司 一种双片材低密度聚乙烯泡沫风管的生产方法
CN104816463A (zh) * 2015-03-16 2015-08-05 丹阳市新美龙汽车软饰件有限公司 用贴有pvc表皮膜的abs板材来制作汽车顶盖的方法

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107839198A (zh) * 2017-11-06 2018-03-27 天津市腾华吸塑包装制品有限公司 一种快速自动吸塑成型机
CN107839198B (zh) * 2017-11-06 2023-06-23 天津市腾华吸塑包装制品有限公司 一种快速自动吸塑成型机
CN108127945A (zh) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-08 湖北三江航天江河橡塑有限公司 一种吸塑粘接的汽车空调风管及其制作方法

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106003671B (zh) 2018-03-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101804684A (zh) 模内装饰注塑成型方法及模内装饰注塑成型用模具
CN206416379U (zh) 具有快速脱模功能的吸塑模具
CN104842567A (zh) 一种由热塑性片材制造塑性壳体的设备及方法
CN207736736U (zh) 一种吸塑铜模
CN106003671A (zh) 轻量化xpe汽车空调风管加工方法
CN207432760U (zh) 一种具有自动脱模的吸塑成型模具
CN103240864B (zh) 汽车地毯热压成型方法
CN208946512U (zh) 一种汽车塑料配件生产用成型模具
CN106003672B (zh) 汽车空调风管的吸塑成型方法
CN213227457U (zh) 一种板材挤压成型模具
CN215203072U (zh) 一种塑料瓶胚挤出成型装置
CN205631344U (zh) 一种可直接定型的吸塑成型或气压成型设备
CN204622573U (zh) 硬膜包装盒连续真空热成型机
CN213533770U (zh) 一种吸塑成型机
CN101513763A (zh) 模内薄膜裁切制程
CN210047023U (zh) 一种汽车开关面板注塑成型装置
CN205835967U (zh) 吸塑成型模
CN105538674A (zh) 一种冰箱箱内胆真空成形模
CN211807792U (zh) 一种无菌医疗包装吸塑成型用模具
CN102642301B (zh) 一种真空吸塑成型模
CN105818335B (zh) 可完全脱模的绝缘骨架模具
CN219883263U (zh) 一种吸塑模具定位结构
CN216732648U (zh) 一种塑料板材成型设备
CN219191071U (zh) 一种用于热塑性聚氨酯的注塑模具
CN215094984U (zh) 一种具有快速定型功能的塑胶模具

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Wu Yifeng

Inventor after: Yang Lin

Inventor after: Yin Cheng

Inventor after: Wu Haigang

Inventor after: Zhuo Lichuan

Inventor before: Wu Yifeng

Inventor before: Yang Lin

Inventor before: Yin Cheng

Inventor before: Wu Haigang

Inventor before: Zhuo Lichuan

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information