CN105994041A - Artificial breeding box and breeding method thereof for ricefield eels - Google Patents

Artificial breeding box and breeding method thereof for ricefield eels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105994041A
CN105994041A CN201610363170.5A CN201610363170A CN105994041A CN 105994041 A CN105994041 A CN 105994041A CN 201610363170 A CN201610363170 A CN 201610363170A CN 105994041 A CN105994041 A CN 105994041A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nest
zuiew
groove
monopterus albus
mesh sheet
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Pending
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CN201610363170.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王忠华
杨正锋
邴旭文
丁炜东
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Huayang Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd Of Zhangjagang City
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Huayang Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd Of Zhangjagang City
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Priority to CN201610363170.5A priority Critical patent/CN105994041A/en
Publication of CN105994041A publication Critical patent/CN105994041A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses an artificial breeding box and a method thereof for breeding ricefield eels with the breeding box. The breeding box comprises a net box with breeding space. A nest body is arranged in the net box and provided with multiple nests allowing ricefield eels to go through. The front ends and the back ends of the nests communicate with the nest body. The front end of the nest body is provided with a gap as a feeding port. Front-end space used for communicating front ends of the nests is arranged between the front end of the nest body and the net wall of the net box. Back-end space for communicating back ends of the nests is arranged between the back end of the nest body and the net wall of the net box. The artificial breeding box for ricefield eels is simple in structure and low in manufacture cost. The breeding method utilizes the breeding box to breed ricefield eels such that independent nests are obtained. Harm caused by attacks of ricefield eels for better survival space is avoided and energy consumption induced by long-term stress reaction due to competition is avoided. Artificial breeding of ricefield eels is conveniently carried out.

Description

A kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case and cultural method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation field, particularly relate to a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation Case and cultural method thereof.
Background technology
Monopterus albus (Zuiew)Be commonly called as Monopteri albi, belong to Osteichthyes, Symbranchir, He Sai section, Monopterus, is widely present in Asia, and China only produces a kind.Its build is thin, and shape is like Serpentis Or eel, high nutritive value.The most carry out large-area cultivation in the China middle and south, China Current cultivation total output has reached 400,000 tons, owing to its growth is fast, survival rate high and Good to the adaptability of cage culture condition, it be taken as first-selected kind that Chinese Fishery cultivates it One.Monopteri albi fine and tender taste, tasty, it is of high nutritive value, there is nourishing and fit keeping function and medicinal merit Can, it is the nourishing aquatic products liked of people, is deeply favored by Chinese Consumer's.For prosperity city , abundant people's lives, development pond culture has become day by day urgent, the biology to Monopterus albus (Zuiew) Characteristic, the research of the aspects such as growth change rule has become important problem.Its Aquatic product in recent years Quickly, cage culture Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is the Basic Ways of increasing both production and income, how to catch high net cage in cultivation development Cultivation efficiency, Shortening culturing period, reduce production cost, improve aquaculture product yield and Quality is paid close attention to by author in increasing scientific research and raiser.Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is life of dwelling at the battalion end, Often living in caves in ridge, ditch, dike limit, stone riprap seam, repose daytime in cave, go out in the evening Look for food.Monopterus albus (Zuiew) cave structure is complicated, sometimes bends multi-fork, is divided into hole, Qian Dong, Zhong Dong With rear hole four part, each perch nest at least two outlets, summer water temperature higher than 30 degree Or when water temperature is less than 10 degree in the winter time, Monopteri albi can pierce in cave aestivates or hibernation.Existing Huang The artificial cultivation of Chinese yellow eel is all placed in net cage using various pasture and water hides oneself as Monopterus albus (Zuiew), lives and perch Place, but its natural life habit with Monopterus albus (Zuiew) still has certain difference, yellow during cage culture Chinese yellow eel can be tangled bottom net cage, causes damage, currently also do not have the design of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial nest with Use.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is: provide a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case, should Box for breeding simple in construction, cost of manufacture is low, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) has independent nest, it is to avoid Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is Compete more excellent vivosphere and the accuse each other injury caused and the long-term stress produced because of competition The energy expenditure that reaction causes, convenient Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation.
To be solved by this invention another technical problem is that: provides a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation side Method, this Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivating method utilizes the independent nest that simulation Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is natural, substitutes routine and makes Pasture and water, reduce the water hypoxia that caused of pasture and water oxygen consumption, it is to avoid Monopterus albus (Zuiew) accuses each other, and carries The survival rate of high culture of swamp eel and yield.
For solving above-mentioned first technical problem, the technical scheme is that a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) people Work box for breeding, including having the net cage of breeding spaces, is provided with nest body, institute in described net cage State and on nest body, be provided with several nests facilitating Monopterus albus (Zuiew) to pass through, the front-end and back-end of this nest The most through nest body, the front end of described nest body is provided with breach as mouth of looking for food, described nest The front end spaces connected the front end of each nest it is provided with between the front end of body and the net wall of net cage, It is provided with between rear end and the net wall of net cage of described nest body after each nest rear end is connected End spaces.
As the preferred scheme of one, if described nest body includes the mesh sheet that dry tablet is stacked up and down, The plate face of each mesh sheet is provided with convex under the lower groove and plate face that plate face epirelief formed upper Groove, described upper groove and lower groove are spaced apart, and the lower groove of every mesh sheet is adjacent The upper groove of lower section mesh sheet cooperatively forms described nest, and the upper groove of every mesh sheet is adjacent The lower groove of top cooperatively forms described nest.
As the preferred scheme of one, the left and right cross section of described mesh sheet is waveform, described ripple Convenient stacked plane it is provided with at peak and trough.
As the preferred scheme of one, the left and right cross sectional shape of described upper groove and lower groove is ladder In shape, and the groove of upper groove and lower groove, knuckle is provided with arc angling.
As the preferred scheme of one, the fixed form of described mesh sheet is: arrange in described net cage There is the mounting rod at least two being vertically arranged, described mesh sheet is provided with the peace corresponding with mounting rod Dress hole, each mesh sheet is set in the dry upper realization of installation by installing hole and is stacked up and down.
As the preferred scheme of one, the fixed form of described mesh sheet is: the left side of described net cage The guide rail being vertically arranged, the left-hand end of described mesh sheet and right-hand end it is provided with on wall and right side wall On be provided with mounting groove corresponding with guide rail.
As the preferred scheme of one, described nest broken line from front to back extends, and this nest includes Straightway and transition bending segment, described transition bending segment connects two sections of straightways, described straightway A length of 20-30mm, a length of 3-5mm of described transition bending segment.
As the preferred scheme of one, the middle part of described nest body offers and facilitates Monopterus albus (Zuiew) to walk Vertically through hole.
After using technique scheme, the solution have the advantages that:
1. the box for breeding of the present invention is cheap, throws in and reclaims quick, can repeatedly make Keep the sun off direct projection by, its nest physical ability, it is simple to hiding and growth promoter of Monopterus albus (Zuiew), often substitute The pasture and water that rule use, reduce the water hypoxia that pasture and water oxygen consumption is caused.
2, the box for breeding of the present invention easily entirety takes out culturing pool, contributes to observing, monitoring, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) all inhabits in nest, and the environment residing for each nest is identical, it is to avoid Monopterus albus (Zuiew) be compete more excellent vivosphere accuse each other the injury caused and because of competition produce length The energy expenditure that phase stress causes, is more beneficial for the cage culture of Monopterus albus (Zuiew).
In order to solve above-mentioned second technical problem, the invention provides a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation Method, it comprises the following steps:
A, the culture of swamp eel net cage in the claims is erected in pond;
B, to the water body disinfection in pond;
C, note put clear water, carry out water body cultivation simultaneously, make useful aquatic microorganisms and algae etc. It is attached on nest;
D, select health, body surface is moved in net cage cultivation without wound, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) that specification is consistent; Breeding density is 1.2-2.0kg/m2
E, thrown something and fed Monopterus albus (Zuiew) earthworm feedstuff by mouth fixed point of looking for food after Monopterus albus (Zuiew) moves into net cage three days, Carrying out opening domestication, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is looked for food at mouth of looking for food, and has respectively entered in nest, treat Huang after looking for food Chinese yellow eel custom 1-2 week;
Throw something and feed at dusk F, every day by earthworm feedstuff and the mixed fodder of mixed feed configuration, and join The addition closing feedstuff is gradually increased, and the addition of mixed feed is gradually increased by 50% weight ratio To 100% weight ratio;The protein level of mixed fodder controls within 38%, and feeding volume presses body The 4-8% of weight throws something and feeds, and has seen whether a small amount of residual bait early morning every day, if there being a small amount of residual bait Then show to be satiated with food, if without residual bait, the feeding volume increasing mixed fodder in second day;
G, every morning clear up the residual bait do not eaten up;35-42mg/m is pressed weekly with glutaraldehyde3 Consumption uniformly splash to water body disinfection.
After have employed technique scheme, the effect of the present invention is: this cultural method is provided with mould The nest of the Monopterus albus (Zuiew) natural surroundings that near-ring border is identical perches institute as Monopterus albus (Zuiew), Monopterus albus (Zuiew) look for food after all Can hide and perch in nest, reduce fight mutually, contrast pasture and water test group survival rate improves More than 30%, weightening finish reaches more than 10%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the net sheet superposed axonometric chart of nest body;
Fig. 3 is the axonometric chart of another angle of nest body;
In accompanying drawing: 1. net cage;2. mounting rod;3. nest body;31. mesh sheet;32. nests;33. Upper groove;34. lower groove;35. straightways;36. transition bending segments;37. look for food mouth;38. erect Clear opening.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case, including having the net cage 1 of breeding spaces, Nest body 3 is installed in its described net cage 1, described nest body 3 is provided with several convenient The nest 32 that Monopterus albus (Zuiew) passes through, the front-end and back-end the most through nest body 3 of this nest 32, described The front end of nest body 3 is provided with breach as mouth 37 of looking for food, the front end of described nest body 3 with The front end spaces connected the front end of each nest 32 it is provided with between the net wall of net cage 1, described It is provided with between the rear end of nest body 3 and the net wall of net cage 1 and each nest 32 rear end connected Rear end spaces.
Wherein, described nest body 3 can use monolithic construction, and this nest body 3 can be by moulding Flitch is made, certainly, for convenient making, and this nest body 3 detachable structure, As shown in Figures 2 and 3, if described nest body 3 includes the mesh sheet 31 that dry tablet is stacked up and down, The plate face of each mesh sheet 31 is provided with under the lower groove 34 and plate face that plate face epirelief formed and convexes into Upper groove 33, described upper groove 33 and lower groove 34 are spaced apart, every mesh sheet 31 The upper groove 33 of the lower section mesh sheet 31 that lower groove 34 is adjacent cooperatively forms described nest 32, The lower groove 34 of the top that the upper groove 33 of every mesh sheet 31 is adjacent cooperatively forms described Nest 32.The left and right cross section of described mesh sheet 31 is waveform, equal at described crest and trough It is provided with convenient stacked plane.So, when upper lower net plate 31 is stacked, utilize plane permissible Conveniently stack.Certainly, the groove of mesh sheet 31 is alternatively other shape, such as, described upper ditch The left and right cross sectional shape of groove 33 and lower groove 34 is trapezoidal, and upper groove 33 and lower groove 34 Groove in knuckle be provided with arc angling, equally, this nest 32 shape also can be as Monopterus albus (Zuiew) Habitat, also can avoid knuckle meeting scratch Monopterus albus (Zuiew) simultaneously.
As it is shown in figure 1, the fixed form of described mesh sheet 31 is: be provided with in described net cage 1 Mounting rod 2 at least two being vertically arranged, it is right with mounting rod 2 that described mesh sheet 31 is provided with The installing hole answered, each mesh sheet 31 is set in the dry upper realization of installation by installing hole and is stacked up and down.
And the convenient fixing of mesh sheet 31 the most not necessarily uses above-mentioned fixing, such as, described net The another kind of fixed form of sheet 31 is: be respectively provided with on the left side wall of described net cage 1 and right side wall There is the guide rail being vertically arranged, the left-hand end of described mesh sheet 31 and right-hand end are provided with and guide rail Corresponding mounting groove.So, guide rail and mounting groove is utilized can mesh sheet 31 superposition to fix too.
Described nest 32 broken line from front to back extends, and this nest 32 includes straightway 35 and mistake Crossing bending segment 36, described transition bending segment 36 connects two sections of straightways 35, described straightway The a length of 20-30mm of 35, a length of 3-5mm of described transition bending segment 36, this nest The extension mode in cave 32 is convenient to be made, and simulates the natural nest 32 of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) the most really, Certainly, the mode that extends before and after nest 32 may be used without wave and extends.Described nest body 3 Middle part offer the vertical through hole 38 facilitating Monopterus albus (Zuiew) to walk, the quantity of this vertical through hole 38 is big In and equal to one, facilitate Monopterus albus (Zuiew) automatically to walk.
The embodiment of the invention also discloses a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivating method, it includes following step Rapid:
A, the culture of swamp eel net cage 1 in the claims is erected in pond;Net cage 1 Specification for long 3 meters, wide 2 meters, high 1.5 meters, the sidewall of net cage 1 be 30 mesh polyethylene without Sheet 31 of knotting processes, and places nest body 3 in net cage 1, and this nest body 3 includes 40 Mesh sheet 31, structure and every 20 mesh sheet 31 are superimposed as 20 layers of artificial nest 32, set 120 altogether Net cage 1, and 10 net cages 1 are set simultaneously use pasture and water as the habitat of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) as ginseng According to contrast.
B, to the water body disinfection in pond;
C, note put clear water, carry out water body cultivation simultaneously, make useful aquatic microorganisms and algae etc. It is attached on nest 32, contributes to reducing the coarse of nest 32, simulating natural environment;
D, select health, body surface is moved into the inner cultivation of net cage 1 without wound, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) that specification is consistent; Breeding density is 1.2-2.0kg/m2;Breeding density at this is to determine with the floor space of net cage 1 's.
E, raised by mouth 37 fixed point of looking for food Monopterus albus (Zuiew) Lumbricus of throwing something and feeding after Monopterus albus (Zuiew) moves into net cage 1 three days Material, carries out opening domestication, and Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is looked for food at mouth 37 of looking for food, and has respectively entered nest after looking for food In 32, treat Monopterus albus (Zuiew) custom 1-2 week;Certainly, it is possible to put into fish slurry and substitute earthworm feedstuff, it is possible to Fish slurry and Lumbricus mix.
Throw something and feed at dusk F, every day by earthworm feedstuff and the mixed fodder of mixed feed configuration, and join The addition closing feedstuff is gradually increased, and the addition of mixed feed is gradually increased by 50% weight ratio To 100% weight ratio;The protein level of mixed fodder controls within 38%, and feeding volume presses body The 4-8% of weight throws something and feeds, and has seen whether a small amount of residual bait early morning every day, if there being a small amount of residual bait Then show to be satiated with food, if without residual bait, the feeding volume increasing mixed fodder in second day,;
G, every morning clear up the residual bait do not eaten up;In order to avoid corrupt polluted water;Weekly with penta Dialdehyde presses 35-42mg/m3Consumption uniformly splash to water body disinfection.Patrol the pool twice daily, and Time pinpoint the problems, keep good water quality and ecological environment.
After the application present invention, finding through contrast, the Monopterus albus (Zuiew) of the box for breeding cultivation of the present invention is permissible Normal growth, reduces fight mutually, and nest body 3 cultivation contrast pasture and water test cultivation survival rate carries High by more than 30%, weightening finish reaches more than 10%.
Embodiment described above is only the description to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not as right The restriction of the scope of the invention, on the basis of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, to skill of the present invention Various deformation that art scheme is made and transformation, all should fall into what claims of the present invention determined In protection domain.

Claims (9)

1. a Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case, including the net cage with breeding spaces, it is characterised in that: Nest body is installed in described net cage, described nest body is provided with several and facilitates Monopterus albus (Zuiew) to pass through Nest, the front-end and back-end the most through nest body of this nest, the front end of described nest body is arranged Jagged conduct is looked for food mouth, is provided with respectively between front end and the net wall of net cage of described nest body The front end spaces of the front end connection of nest, sets between rear end and the net wall of net cage of described nest body It is equipped with the rear end spaces connected each nest rear end.
2. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described If nest body includes the mesh sheet that dry tablet is stacked up and down, the plate face of each mesh sheet is provided with plate face epirelief The upper groove convexed under the lower groove formed and plate face, described upper groove and lower groove interval point Cloth, the upper groove of the lower section mesh sheet that the lower groove of every mesh sheet is adjacent cooperatively forms described nest Cave, the lower groove of the top that the upper groove of every mesh sheet is adjacent cooperatively forms described nest.
3. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described The left and right cross section of mesh sheet is waveform, is provided with what convenience was stacked at described crest and trough Plane.
4. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described The left and right cross sectional shape of upper groove and lower groove is trapezoidal, and the groove infolding of upper groove and lower groove Angle is provided with arc angling.
5. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described The fixed form of mesh sheet is: be provided with the mounting rod at least two being vertically arranged in described net cage, Being provided with the installing hole corresponding with mounting rod in described mesh sheet, each mesh sheet is set in by installing hole Dry upper realization is installed be stacked up and down.
6. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described The fixed form of mesh sheet is: is provided with on the left side wall of described net cage and right side wall and is vertically arranged Guide rail, the left-hand end of described mesh sheet be provided with mounting groove corresponding with guide rail on right-hand end.
7. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as described in claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: Described nest broken line from front to back extends, and this nest includes straightway and transition bending segment, described Transition bending segment connects two sections of straightways, a length of 20-30mm of described straightway, described mistake Cross a length of 3-5mm of bending segment.
8. a kind of Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivation case as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: described The middle part of nest body offers the vertical through hole facilitating Monopterus albus (Zuiew) to walk.
9. a Monopterus albus (Zuiew) artificial cultivating method, it comprises the following steps:
A, the culture of swamp eel net cage in the claims is erected in pond;
B, to the water body disinfection in pond;
C, note put clear water, carry out water body cultivation simultaneously, make useful aquatic microorganisms and algae etc. It is attached on nest;
D, select health, body surface is moved in net cage cultivation without wound, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) that specification is consistent; Breeding density is 1.2-2.0kg/m2
E, thrown something and fed Monopterus albus (Zuiew) earthworm feedstuff by mouth fixed point of looking for food after Monopterus albus (Zuiew) moves into net cage three days, Carrying out opening domestication, Monopterus albus (Zuiew) is looked for food at mouth of looking for food, and has respectively entered in nest, treat Huang after looking for food Chinese yellow eel custom 1-2 week;
Throw something and feed at dusk F, every day by earthworm feedstuff and the mixed fodder of mixed feed configuration, and join The addition closing feedstuff is gradually increased, and the addition of mixed feed is gradually increased by 50% weight ratio To 100% weight ratio;The protein level of mixed fodder controls within 38%, and feeding volume presses body The 4-8% of weight throws something and feeds, and has seen whether a small amount of residual bait early morning every day, if there being a small amount of residual bait Then show to be satiated with food, if without residual bait, the feeding volume increasing mixed fodder in second day;
G, every morning clear up the residual bait do not eaten up;35-42mg/m is pressed weekly with glutaraldehyde3 Consumption uniformly splash to water body disinfection.
CN201610363170.5A 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Artificial breeding box and breeding method thereof for ricefield eels Pending CN105994041A (en)

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CN111802289A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-23 裴启文 Crayfish breeding method

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107691334A (en) * 2017-10-07 2018-02-16 李正美 One kind is spiraled duct type culturing rice field eel fish device and its process
CN111802289A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-23 裴启文 Crayfish breeding method

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