CN1126025A - Method for breeding ricefield eel in net case and its breeding case - Google Patents

Method for breeding ricefield eel in net case and its breeding case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1126025A
CN1126025A CN95110362A CN95110362A CN1126025A CN 1126025 A CN1126025 A CN 1126025A CN 95110362 A CN95110362 A CN 95110362A CN 95110362 A CN95110362 A CN 95110362A CN 1126025 A CN1126025 A CN 1126025A
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water
eel
breeding
cm
box
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CN95110362A
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Chinese (zh)
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彭秀真
王育锋
周嗣泉
赵瑞敏
梁益岭
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彭秀真
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, i.e. culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

The net cage culture method of finless eel features that disinfected net cage is allocated, shielding matter is put on water surface in net cage, and disinfected young finless eels are cultured in net cage. Said net cage is composed of frame, vertical and bottom nets, floating frame with floating balls that is semi-floated at a distance of 10-20 cm from bottom net, and the living and feeding table made of tubular bodies.

Description

黄鳝网箱养殖方法及养殖箱 Eel cage culture method and breeding box

本发明涉及的是鱼类人工养殖方法及养殖用具,尤其是黄鳝网箱养殖方法及养殖箱。 The present invention relates to a method and farmed fish farming equipment, especially methods and eel breeding cage culture tank.

由于黄鳝具有独特的浅水位、穴居和高水质的生物学要求,所以,至今人工养殖黄鳝,一直采用池塘、底泥、泥穴稀养法。 Since the eel has a unique shallow water, cave and biological requirements of high quality, so has farmed eels, we have been using pond sediment, mud hole dilute raising method. 此种养殖方法存在建池费用高、不便于管理、平均单产量低和养成后收扑难度大的问题。 There is the high cost of construction of the pool, not easy to manage, low average yields and develop income after bashing difficult issues such farming methods. 至今尚没有检索到其它人工养殖黄鳝的新方法。 The new method has yet other farmed eels retrieved.

本发明的目的,就是针对现有技术所存在的问题,而提供一种采用网箱人工养殖黄鳝的方法和该方法所用的养殖箱的技术方案。 Object of the present invention, is for the prior art problems and to provide a technical solution artificial breeding cage box and the method of eel breeding methods used.

本方案是通过如下技术措施来实现的。 The program is implemented through the following technical measures. 黄鳝网箱养殖方法,是将经消毒后的养殖箱置于水中,并用绳索和固定器将养殖箱定位,以免养殖箱被水流冲走或被人移动。 Eel cage culture method, is sterilized by breeding tank placed in the water, and the anchor rope and positioning culture tank, to avoid culture tank is carried away or being moved. 在箱内水面放置遮挡阳光的遮蔽物,但要保持箱内水面有三分之一的亮水区。 Placed in the box to block the sun shelter the water, but keep one-third of the water inside the water bright area. 该遮蔽物是水生漂浮植物水葫芦。 The shield is a floating aquatic plant water hyacinth. 将尾重16至21克的鳝种经百分之三的食盐水消毒后,以每平方米190至300尾的密度放养于养殖箱内,并开始投饵诱食,鳝种进食后即可投药饵驱除鳝种体内寄生虫,以后即可进入正常饲养管理。 After the end of the weight 16 to 21 g of eel species after disinfection brine three percent, a density of 190 to 300 per square meter in aquaculture stocking box and start feeding attractant, eel can eat cast bait eel species get rid of parasites, later to enter the normal feeding and management. 在正常管理期间要每日监测水温,每10至20天要检测水质,可采用淋水、冲灌新水、交叉泼施光合细菌稀释液和漂白粉来调节水质;经三至六个月的饲养,成品黄鳝即可收获。 During normal management to be monitored daily for temperature, every 10 to 20 days to detect the water quality, water spray may be employed, irrigate new water splashed cross photosynthetic bacteria dilutions and applied to adjust the quality bleach; reared by three to six months finished eel can be harvested. 在自然条件下每年只能养殖一季,若是在人工控制水温等条件下,则可连续养殖连续收获。 Under natural conditions, only breeding season each year, if under controlled temperature conditions, continuous cultivation can be continuous harvest. 而黄鳝网箱养殖方法所用的养殖箱,主要是由箱框1、立网8和底网9组成,本方案的特点在于所述的立网8的高度在75至85厘米之间,在距底网9十至二十厘米处的箱框1上装有浮框3,在浮框3上至少装有四个浮球2;在底网9上,浮框3的下方,放置有至少一组寄居巢5,在寄居巢5的一侧固定有沉子6,而在寄居巢5的一端连接一浮子4,以保证寄居巢5处于倾斜状态。 While cage culture method used eel breeding box, a box main frame 1, vertical web and a bottom web 8 9 composition, characteristics of the present solution is that the height of said upright web 8 is between 75 to 85 cm, at a distance box frame 9 with ten to twenty centimeters at the bottom net on a floating frame 3, with at least four 2 float on a floating frame 3; 9 on the bottom net, float below the frame 3, is placed at least one set sojourn nest 5, 5 on one side of the nest sojourn fixed sinker 6, and one end of the sojourn nest 5 is connected to a float 4, to ensure that the sojourn nest 5 in an inclined state. 另在底网9和浮框3之间还至少挂装有一个饵料台7。 Another web 9 between the bottom and the floating frame 3 further linked to at least 7 with a bait station. 该养殖箱还具有如下具体特点,即所述的立网8的网目为0.5-2厘米。 The culture tank also has specific characteristics, i.e., the mesh network 8 stand for 0.5-2 cm. 所述的底网9的网目为0.5厘米。 The bottom of the mesh network 9 is 0.5 cm. 所述的寄居巢5是由两支以上的内径2至8厘米,长40至60厘米的无毒管状体成束或成排连接构成。 The sojourn nest by the inner diameter is 5 or more two 2-8 cm, length 40-60 cm, non-toxic or bundled tubular body connected to form rows. 所述的沉子6采用的是永久性磁铁。 6 of the sinker is used for permanent magnets. 而所述的饵料台7是一高8-10厘米盒形栏筐。 And said bait station 7 is a 8-10 cm high column a box-shaped housing.

采用本发明的方法用网箱进行人工养殖黄鳝,可节省建池费用,也利于集中管理,在养成扑收时,只需将成品黄鳝由寄居巢中倒出,用捞网从网箱中捞出即可,极其方便。 The method of the present invention, with M. albus culture cages, pool construction costs can be saved, but also facilitates centralized management, to develop flutter when closed, simply decanted from the finished eel sojourn nest, with a fishing net from the cages remove and can be extremely convenient. 采用的养殖箱有浮框可保证黄鳝所需的浅水要求,箱内有倾斜的寄居巢,则满足黄鳝穴居要求和水面呼吸条件。 Culture tank used are required to ensure a floating box eel claim shallow, inclined sojourn nest box, eel and surface requirements burrowing respiratory condition is satisfied. 寄居巢上的磁性沉子又可使巢区水域磁化,有利于改善水质。 Magnetic sinker on the nest but also make the sojourn waters magnetization nesting areas will help to improve water quality. 另外,养殖箱在水面之上还有一定高度的立网,则可保证黄鳝无法攀、跳出箱。 In addition, breeding boxes above the water there is a certain degree of Legislative Network, you can ensure that eels can not climb, jump out of the box. 由此可见,本发明填补了现有技术的空白,其效果证明是极其显著的。 Thus, the present invention fill the gaps in the prior art, the effect proved to be very significant.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

:

图1为本发明养殖箱实施例的结构示意图。 1 a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the invention breeding tank.

现在通过一具体实施例,进一步详细阐述本发明的技术内容。 Now a specific embodiment illustrated by, further elaborated in the teachings of the present invention. 黄鳝网箱养殖方法,是将经消毒后的养殖箱置于水中,并用绳索和固定器将养殖箱定位,以免养殖箱被水流冲走或被人移动。 Eel cage culture method, is sterilized by breeding tank placed in the water, and the anchor rope and positioning culture tank, to avoid culture tank is carried away or being moved. 在箱内水面养殖八株水葫芦作为遮挡阳光的遮蔽物,可保持箱内水面约有三分之一的亮水区。 In the tank water aquaculture eight water hyacinth block the sun as shelter, water can keep the box about one-third of bright water area. 然后,将尾重约20.8克165尾鳝种,经百分之三的食盐水消毒后,放养于围有0.72平方米水面的养殖箱内,放养密度为每平方米229尾,并开始投饵诱食。 Then, the tail and weighs about 20.8 grams 165 species of eel, after three percent salt water disinfection, stocking breeding tank to have around 0.72 m2 surface of the water, stocking density of 229 per square meter, and began feeding attractant. 鳝种进食后,第三天投以含肠虫清的药饵,用以驱除鳝种体内寄生虫,以后即可进入正常饲养管理。 After eating eel species, the third vote bait containing helminth clear, used to remove eel endoparasites, to enter normal feeding after administration. 在正常管理期间每日监测水温,每15天检测一次DO、H2S、氨氮、亚硝态氮,并根据水质情况,采用淋水、冲灌新水、交叉泼施光合细菌稀释液和漂白粉来调节水质,另外,还要经常清除水下立网和底网附着物,随时察看箱内黄鳝生长活动情况,发现问题及时解决。 During normal daily water management monitoring, detecting every 15 days DO, H2S, ammonia, nitrite, and according to the water quality, the use of water spray, irrigate new water splashed cross administered dilutions of photosynthetic bacteria and bleach adjusted water quality, in addition, they often stand clear underwater nets and bottom net attachments, always look at the situation inside the eel growth activities, identify problems solved. 经97天的饲养,成品黄鳝收获,得平均尾重74.2克151尾,总重共11.2公斤。 After 97 days of feeding, harvest eel finished to give 74.2 g average weight 151, a total of 11.2 kg total weight. 而本养殖方法所用的养殖箱,是由箱框1支撑着网目为0.8厘米立网8和网目为0.5厘米底网9,该箱框1为六面体,围水面积0.72平方米,其高度为80厘米,在距底网9约18厘米处的箱框1上装有木质浮框3,在浮框3上装有四个浮球2辅助浮框3能浮于水面。 The culture tank of the present cultivation method used, is supported by the box frame 1 with a mesh of 0.8 cm vertical web 8 and mesh of 0.5 cm bottom net 9, the box frame 1 a hexahedron, enclosed water area of ​​0.72 square meters, the height It is 80 cm, equipped with a wooden frame 3 floats on the web 9 from the bottom of the tank approximately 18 cm frame 1, with four auxiliary float floating frame 2 on the floating frame 33 can float on the water surface. 在底网9上,浮框3的下方,放置有六组由八支内径4厘米,长60厘米的无毒塑料管成束连接构成的寄居巢5,又在寄居巢5的一侧固定有用永久磁铁制成的沉子6,而在寄居巢5的一端连接一浮子4,以保证寄居巢5在水中是倾斜的,有利于黄鳝出水呼吸。 9 on the bottom web, the lower frame 3 floats, placed by the side of the six groups of eight internal diameter 4 cm, length 60 cm, non-toxic plastic tube 5 is connected to the beam nest dwelling constructed, and in a fixed 5 stranger nest helpful a permanent magnet 6 made of a sinker, and at one end is connected to a sojourn nest 5 float 4, to ensure that the sojourn nest 5 is inclined in the water, the water eel facilitate breathing. 另外,在底网9和浮框3之间还挂装两个高8厘米盒形栏筐状的饵料台7。 Further, between the bottom and the floating net 9 further mount frame 3 two 8 cm high column a box-shaped housing 7 form the bait station.

Claims (8)

1.黄鳝网箱养殖方法,是将经消毒后的养殖箱置于水中,并用绳索和固定器将养殖箱定位;在箱内水面放置遮蔽物,但要保持箱内水面有三分之一的亮水区;将尾重16至21克的鳝种经百分之三的食盐水消毒后,以每平方米190至300尾的密度放养于养殖箱内,并开始投饵诱食,鳝种进食后即可投药饵驱除鳝种体内寄生虫,以后即进入正常饲养管理;在正常管理期间要每日监测水温,每10至20天要检测水质,可采用淋水、冲灌新水、交叉泼施光合细菌稀释液和漂白粉来调节水质;经三至六个月的饲养,成品黄鳝即可收获。 1. eel cage culture method, is sterilized by breeding tank placed in the water, and the anchor rope and positioning culture tank; shield is placed in the water tank, but to keep the box one third of the water light water area; the tail weight 16-21 g eel species after disinfection brine three percent, a density of 190 to 300 per square meter in aquaculture stocking box and start feeding attractant, eel species can be administered after eating the bait purge eel endoparasites, i.e. after entering the normal feeding and management; during normal daily management to monitor the water temperature, every 10 to 20 days to detect the water quality, water spray may be used, fresh water irrigate cross applying pouring photosynthetic bacteria and dilution water quality adjusting bleach; by feeding three to six months, the finished product can be harvested eel.
2.根据权利要求1所述的养殖方法,其特征在于所述的遮蔽物是水生漂浮植物,该水生植物可以是水葫芦。 2. The method of cultivation according to claim 1, characterized in that said shield is a floating aquatic plants, aquatic plants which may be water hyacinth.
3.权利要求1所述的黄鳝网箱养殖方法所用的养殖箱,主要是由箱框1、立网8和底网9组成,本发明的特征在于所述的立网8的高度在75至85厘米之间,在距底网9十至二十厘米处的箱框1上装有浮框3,在浮框3上至少装有四个浮球2;在底网9上,浮框3的下方,放置有至少一组寄居巢5,在寄居巢5的一侧固定有沉子6,而在寄居巢5的一端连接一浮子4;另在底网9和浮框3之间还至少挂装有一个饵料台7。 Eel breeding cage 3. The method of claim 1 employed farming tank, a box main frame 1, bottom vertical web 8 and 9 that network, the present invention is that the height of said upright web 8 to 75 85 cm from the bottom with the web 9 in ten to twenty centimeters at a block floating frame box 3, with at least four 2 float on a floating frame 3; 9 on the bottom net, a floating frame 3 below, is placed at least one set sojourn nest 5, 6 are fixed at one side of sinker 5 sojourn nest, and the nest 5 dwelling at one end is connected to a float 4; also at least another hanging between the bottom frame 3 and the floating net 9 7 is equipped with a bait station.
4.根据权利要求3所述的养殖箱,其特征在于所述的立网8的网目为0.5-2厘米。 Breeding box according to claim 3, wherein said mesh mesh 8 stand for 0.5-2 cm.
5.根据权利要求3所述的养殖箱,其特征在于所述的底网9的网目为0.5厘米。 The cultivation box according to claim 3, wherein said mesh mesh substrate 9 is 0.5 cm.
6.根据权利要求3所述的养殖箱,其特征在于所述的寄居巢5是由两支以上的内径2至8厘米,长40至60厘米的无毒管状体成束或成排连接构成。 The cultivation box according to claim 3, characterized in that the sojourn nest by the inner diameter is 5 or more two 2-8 cm, 40-60 cm long nontoxic bundled tubular body connected to form rows or .
7.根据权利要求3所述的养殖箱,其特征在于所述的沉子6采用的是永久性磁铁。 The cultivation box according to claim 3, characterized in that the sinker 6 is used for permanent magnets.
8.根据权利要求3所述的养殖箱,其特征在于所述的饵料台7是一高8-10厘米盒形栏筐。 Breeding box according to claim 3, characterized in that the bait station 7 is a 8-10 cm high column a box-shaped housing.
CN95110362A 1995-03-08 1995-03-08 Method for breeding ricefield eel in net case and its breeding case CN1126025A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100466901C (en) 2002-06-06 2009-03-11 王太新 Method for cultivating eel using non-soil small pool
CN100493349C (en) 2007-07-30 2009-06-03 华中农业大学 Artificial regulation method for increasing female eel fecundity
CN102265805A (en) * 2011-07-07 2011-12-07 马宁道 Stage of eel farming methods
CN103004650A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN103340170A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 湖州广源水产养殖有限公司 High-efficient, intensive and ecological finless ell breeding method
CN103430911A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 江苏农林职业技术学院 Young leech suspension bait table
CN103461241A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-25 西华大学 Safe ecological multi-layer aquaculture net cage
CN103478033A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN104430098A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-25 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Method for improving yield of overwintering ricefield eels bred in net cages of pond
CN104542367A (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-04-29 湖北生物科技职业学院 Method for culturing monopterus albus by four square meters of net cage
CN104756932A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市蓝汀鼎执生物科技有限公司 Inclination-matrix breeding pond for anguilla marmorata
CN105994041A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 张家港市华阳生态农业发展有限公司 Artificial breeding box and breeding method thereof for ricefield eels
US9898164B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2018-02-20 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Method for moving object between pages and interface apparatus

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100466901C (en) 2002-06-06 2009-03-11 王太新 Method for cultivating eel using non-soil small pool
CN100493349C (en) 2007-07-30 2009-06-03 华中农业大学 Artificial regulation method for increasing female eel fecundity
US9898164B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2018-02-20 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Method for moving object between pages and interface apparatus
CN102265805A (en) * 2011-07-07 2011-12-07 马宁道 Stage of eel farming methods
CN102265805B (en) 2011-07-07 2013-11-06 马宁道 Stage culture method of finless eel
CN103004650B (en) 2011-09-26 2014-04-23 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN103004650A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN103340170A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 湖州广源水产养殖有限公司 High-efficient, intensive and ecological finless ell breeding method
CN103430911A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 江苏农林职业技术学院 Young leech suspension bait table
CN103430911B (en) * 2013-08-09 2016-01-20 江苏农林职业技术学院 One kind of leech Immature suspension bait station
CN103461241A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-25 西华大学 Safe ecological multi-layer aquaculture net cage
CN103461241B (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-03-09 西华大学 A safe and ecological farming cages multilayer
CN103478033A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN103478033B (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-05-20 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN104542367A (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-04-29 湖北生物科技职业学院 Method for culturing monopterus albus by four square meters of net cage
CN104542367B (en) * 2013-10-18 2016-08-31 湖北生物科技职业学院 A method for breeding eel with a 4 m2 small cages
CN104430098A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-25 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Method for improving yield of overwintering ricefield eels bred in net cages of pond
CN104756932A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市蓝汀鼎执生物科技有限公司 Inclination-matrix breeding pond for anguilla marmorata
CN104756932B (en) * 2015-03-27 2017-03-01 深圳市蓝汀鼎执生物科技有限公司 A flower oblique matrix eel pond
CN105994041A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 张家港市华阳生态农业发展有限公司 Artificial breeding box and breeding method thereof for ricefield eels

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