CN105859415A - Novel auricularia auricula culture material and preparation method - Google Patents

Novel auricularia auricula culture material and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105859415A
CN105859415A CN201610230585.5A CN201610230585A CN105859415A CN 105859415 A CN105859415 A CN 105859415A CN 201610230585 A CN201610230585 A CN 201610230585A CN 105859415 A CN105859415 A CN 105859415A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peach
auricularia auricula
bag
peach branch
black fungus
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Pending
Application number
CN201610230585.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
骆智青
陈佳楠
程畅
滕青
穆贞
胡雪峰
陈志刚
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University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
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University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by University of Shanghai for Science and Technology filed Critical University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Priority to CN201610230585.5A priority Critical patent/CN105859415A/en
Publication of CN105859415A publication Critical patent/CN105859415A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a peach twig powder and auricularia auricula culture material. The material is prepared from, by weight, 90% of peach twig powder, 8% of bran, 1% of gypsum powder, 0.5% of lime and 0.5% of brown sugar. The materials are mixed evenly and bagged, and a proper amount of water is added. According to the peach twig powder and auricularia auricula culture material, peach twigs are adopted as the raw materials, the resource utilization problem of branch waste obtained after peach trees are pruned is solved, the problem that auricularia auricula raw materials are lacking is solved, and production cost of auricularia auricula is reduced. Most lignin of the culture material where auricularia auricula is produced is decomposed and can be prepared into good-quality organic fertilizer. The material can become a new means of increasing incoming for farmers, and can promote development ecological and circulatory agriculture. Agricultural waste resources are fully used, production cost is reduced, environment pollution is reduced, and economic benefits are good.

Description

A kind of novel black fungus cultivation material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention mainly relates to a kind of culture medium of edible fungus technical field, particularly to a kind of peach branch bits black fungus cultivation material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the raising of living standards of the people, the cultivated area expanding day of fruits industrial crops peach, the process problem of peach branch is extremely urgent.Honey peach base, Shanghai Pudong New Area, has planted honey peach tree in a large number.The branch weight in wet base of every peach pruning in early spring every year on average is up to 10~25 kg, but substantial amounts of discarded branch can't be degenerated rapidly and be become fertilizer.Containing the lignin of 25% in branch, lignin is the class material being made up of the aromatic alcohol being polymerized, and is present in lignum, and Main Function is to carry out sclereid wall, for secondary wall main component by formation intertexture net.Lignin can be that plant cell provides enough intensity and hardness, has and avoids biological infestation and water erosion, and antibacterial, anti-oxidant, uvioresistant and the function such as fire-retardant.Therefore, lignin stability is higher, and natural degradation speed is slow.Generally for the discarded branch cut, it is all to make thermal source directly to burn, not only pollutes environment, also easy initiation fire.
Black fungus is a kind of Wood rot type fungi, and the content of planting material cellulose and lignin is had certain demand.Black fungus is exactly the famous edible mushroom of China and medicinal fungus since ancient times, not only delicious meat, possibly together with multiple nutrients such as rich in protein, carbohydrate, vitamin, mineral matters, have beneficial gas keep fit, stop blooding, pain relieving, enrich blood, the effect such as invigorate blood circulation.Black fungus has the highest nutritive value.Content of proteins in black fungi enriches, and its content is far above rice, face and greengrocery food, and black fungus also has the highest medical value, and its beginning of being used as medicine is loaded in Han dynasty.First pharmacopeia of China " legendary god of farming hundred grass warp " calls it " Sang Erhei person, main woman leaks down red juice, the accumulation of blood illness, addiction, cloudy pain, negative and positive fever and chills, s.m.p ".Recording again in Ming Dynasty's Li Shizhen (1518-1593 A.D.) Compendium of Material Medica, auricularia auriculajudae, property is flat, taste dry, beneficial blood is the most hungry, improve the health, and has oxygenating intelligence development, moistening lung to mend the effect such as brain, promoting blood circulation and hemostasis.
In recent years; country implements wildwood protected project; scarcity along with the forest reserves; broad-leaved wood chip for cultivating black fungus reduces therewith; wood chip rising range is big; can not meet the most far away the demand in production with broad-leaved wood chip cultivating black fungus, culturing raw material shortage has become the bottleneck of restriction black fungus industry development.Therefore, the task of top priority is the standby alternative materials developing the growth of suitable black fungus, widens culturing raw material channel, reduces production cost, solves the cultivation of auricularia auricula problems such as there is lack of raw materials.
We, from protection environment, raising agricultural byproducts resource utilization, exploitation cultivation of auricularia auricula raw material, the angle of reduction production cost, use peach branch wood chip to replace broad-leaved wood chip.The problem that peach branch cannot quickly be degenerated can be solved, also solve the cultivation of auricularia auricula problem that there is lack of raw materials.Seminar utilizes peach branch bits compost to carry out cultivation of auricularia auricula test in autumn, achieves successfully.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to make up the deficiency of existing black fungus cultivation material raw material supply, it is desirable to provide there is lack of raw materials and the process problem of a large amount of peach branch discarded objects to solve cultivation of auricularia auricula.Thus reduce production cost, and by agricultural wastes resource.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Black fungus cultivation material of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight percents: 90% peach branch wood chips, 8% wheat bran, 1% land plaster, 0.5% lime, 0.5% brown sugar.
Prepared by black fungus cultivation material of the present invention specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) peach branch is collected, pulverize with pulverizer, make individual particle diameter less than 1 centimetre, subsequently peach branch bits are dried preservation;
(2) by auxiliary material wheat bran, land plaster, lime, brown sugar is respectively crushed into 80-100 mesh disintegrating slag, adds according to the above ratio in peach branch bits, fully stir evenly, add suitable quantity of water;
(3) edible mushroom cultivation of auricularia auricula uses cultivating in bag;After mixing thoroughly with above-mentioned auxiliary material mixing and water adding with peach branch bits, load the low-pressure polyethylene bag of 15*55*0.005 (cm);
(4) by described Bag Material autoclaving, make black fungus mother's kind with the i.e. potato dextrose agar of PDA culture medium, described compost is carried out aseptic inoculation, and cultivates;
(5) cover with bacterium bag when mycelia, after about one week After-mature cultivation, carry out acanthopore;Every bag of acanthopore is about 180, hole depth 1cm, diameter 0.5cm;After mycelia restoration ecosystem, carry out vernalization according to a conventional method, go out syrinx reason.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The edible mushroom cultivation of auricularia auricula of the present invention uses cultivating in bag.Peach branch under Xiu Jianing can be as the base-material of black fungus growth and nutrient.After auricularia auriculajudae growth terminates, the lignin major part in branch bits is decomposed, thus solves peach branch and be difficult to corruption and the cultivation of auricularia auricula problem that there is lack of raw materials.Produce the compost of auricularia auriculajudae to can be made into organic fertilizer and go back to field, solve problem of environmental pollution.The output of black fungus, improves the income of peasant.The present invention can become another important channel that increasing peasant income are got rich, and promotes the development of ecological circulation agricultural.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific examples below, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment preparation process and step in the present embodiment are as follows: weigh the raw material of following weight percents: 90% peach branch wood chips, 8% wheat bran, 1% land plaster, 0.5% lime, 0.5% brown sugar.
Prepared by black fungus cultivation material specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) peach branch is collected, pulverize with pulverizer, make individual particle diameter less than 1 centimetre, subsequently peach branch bits are dried preservation;
(2) by auxiliary material wheat bran, land plaster, lime, brown sugar is respectively crushed into 80-100 mesh disintegrating slag, adds according to the above ratio in peach branch bits, fully stir evenly, add suitable quantity of water;
(3) edible mushroom cultivation of auricularia auricula uses cultivating in bag;After mixing thoroughly with above-mentioned auxiliary material mixing and water adding with peach branch bits, load the low-pressure polyethylene bag of 15*55*0.005 (cm);
(4) by described Bag Material autoclaving, make black fungus mother's kind with the i.e. potato dextrose agar of PDA culture medium, described compost is carried out aseptic inoculation, and cultivates;
(5) cover with bacterium bag when mycelia, after about one week After-mature cultivation, carry out acanthopore;Every bag of acanthopore is about 180, hole depth 1cm, diameter 0.5cm;After mycelia restoration ecosystem, carry out vernalization according to a conventional method, go out syrinx reason.
In order to further illustrate the using value of the present invention, implementing people will mix three kinds of composition of raw materials with weed tree sawdust test with weed tree sawdust, mahogany bits, mulberry wood chips, and every kind of formula does 2 repetitions, totally 6 communities, and 30 auricularia auriculajudae bags are made in every community.Fresh ear dries after taking and weighs, and takes its mean value, and result of the test is as follows:
As seen from table: the averagely every rod yield of peach branch bits black fungus cultivation material of the present invention is the highest, shows that peach branch bits are the raw materials preferably substituting conventional weed tree sawdust cultivating black fungus.(every rod is wooden stick bag herein)
The utilization of peach branch is not only able to reduce its pollution to environment, saves timber resources, moreover it is possible to improves bacterium rod and resists rotten rod ability, improves production stability and cultivation benefit, promote the sustainable development of black fungus industry.

Claims (2)

1. a novel black fungus cultivation material, it is characterised in that comprise the following raw materials by weight percent: peach branch bits 90%, wheat bran 8%, land plaster 1%, lime 0.5%, brown sugar 0.5%.
2. the black fungus cultivation material described in claim 1, it is characterised in that described compost specific as follows preparation process and step:
A peach branch is collected by (), pulverize with pulverizer, makes individual particle diameter less than 1 centimetre, subsequently peach branch bits is dried preservation;
B auxiliary material wheat bran, land plaster, lime, brown sugar are respectively crushed into 80-100 mesh disintegrating slag, add according to the above ratio in peach branch bits, fully stir evenly, add suitable quantity of water by ();
C () edible mushroom cultivation of auricularia auricula uses cultivating in bag;After mixing thoroughly with above-mentioned auxiliary material mixing and water adding with peach branch bits, load the low-pressure polyethylene bag of 15*55*0.005 (cm);
D (), by described Bag Material autoclaving, makes black fungus mother's kind with the i.e. potato dextrose agar of PDA culture medium, described compost is carried out aseptic inoculation, and cultivates;
E () covers with bacterium bag when mycelia, after about one week After-mature cultivation, carry out acanthopore;Every bag of acanthopore is about 180, hole depth 1cm, diameter 0.5cm;After mycelia restoration ecosystem, carry out vernalization according to a conventional method, go out syrinx reason.
CN201610230585.5A 2016-04-14 2016-04-14 Novel auricularia auricula culture material and preparation method Pending CN105859415A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106810357A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-09 新昌县拜特夫农业科技有限公司 The method of ramulus mori fungus cultivation
CN107188655A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-09-22 诸暨市泉润食用菌栽培场 The cultivation of auricularia auricula generation material and cultural method of a kind of useless branch of utilization grape
CN109042081A (en) * 2018-10-19 2018-12-21 西南林业大学 A method of bacterium material is discarded as the wild black fungus of main substrate culture with Rhizoma Gastrodiae
CN113303169A (en) * 2021-07-11 2021-08-27 贵州大学 Black fungus culture material and preparation method thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106810357A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-09 新昌县拜特夫农业科技有限公司 The method of ramulus mori fungus cultivation
CN107188655A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-09-22 诸暨市泉润食用菌栽培场 The cultivation of auricularia auricula generation material and cultural method of a kind of useless branch of utilization grape
CN109042081A (en) * 2018-10-19 2018-12-21 西南林业大学 A method of bacterium material is discarded as the wild black fungus of main substrate culture with Rhizoma Gastrodiae
CN113303169A (en) * 2021-07-11 2021-08-27 贵州大学 Black fungus culture material and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160817

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