CN105858237A - Method for stacking bricks - Google Patents

Method for stacking bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105858237A
CN105858237A CN201610375614.7A CN201610375614A CN105858237A CN 105858237 A CN105858237 A CN 105858237A CN 201610375614 A CN201610375614 A CN 201610375614A CN 105858237 A CN105858237 A CN 105858237A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
layer
row
piled bricks
bricks
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610375614.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105858237B (en
Inventor
傅军强
Original Assignee
傅军强
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 傅军强 filed Critical 傅军强
Priority to CN201610375614.7A priority Critical patent/CN105858237B/en
Priority to CN201410684952.XA priority patent/CN104444395B/en
Publication of CN105858237A publication Critical patent/CN105858237A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105858237B publication Critical patent/CN105858237B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/32Stacking of articles characterised by stacking during transit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/50Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides a method for stacking bricks. According to the method, a brick layer is reduced by a row or a line relative to a previous or next brick layer; a brick moving device is used for turning a corresponding brick layer to a preset angle relative to the previous or next brick layer, so that a formed brick pile can be steady; a stacking device is used for drawing a brick layer which is reduced by a row or line away while brick layers which are not reduced by a row or line are arranged, a gap is formed between adjacent rows or lines, and the brick layers are arranged; after the formed brick piles are packaged, a carrying device can insert the gap to grasp the brick pile, and two insert angles of a forklift can be inserted for conveying when two gaps exist. Therefore, the method is good in brick stacking quality and high in brick stacking efficiency, the formed brick pile is convenient for transporting by a forklift and other carrying devices with high mechanical and automatic degree. The method is applicable to various types of brick forms and brick forming machine with high practicality.

Description

Stack bricks method
Present patent application is the divisional application of Chinese Patent Application No. 201410684952X, former Shen Application No. 201410684952X please, filing date on November 25th, 2014, invention entitled Off-line stacks bricks streamline and the method that stacks bricks based on whole piece streamline automatically.
Technical field
The present invention relates to the transport after brick molding and the apparatus field that stacks bricks, be specifically related to the method for stacking bricks.
Background technology
The forming machine of brick has been known, a kind of brick as open in Chinese invention patent CN201110163868.X Blank forming machine, including frame and the lower mold holder of upper assembling thereof, described lower mold holder is provided with for adobe The mould of molding, described mould include die bottom plate, described green brick forming machine also include for The vibration table of die bottom plate transmission vibration force, described vibration table includes vibration force outfan, described It is provided with between die bottom plate and the vibration force outfan of vibration table for making both transmissions coordinate a starting of oscillation Dynamic and be mutually disengaged the open-and-close mechanism disconnecting transmission, described open-and-close mechanism have for die bottom plate Top is pressed the actuating device with clutch and provides the ligand of driving force for described actuating device.Described Actuating device is included in shock-absorbing spring and the use that the lower section of described die bottom plate sets gradually along the vertical direction In the dowel steel coordinated with described shock-absorbing spring pushing tow, described ligand is included on described vibration table The rotary shaft that rotation is assembled and pivot center is horizontally extending, described rotary shaft is along its circumference point It is furnished with and disconnects the disengaging face of transmission for coordinate face and the disengaging with described dowel steel pushing tow transmission, described One end of rotary shaft be provided with the moment of torsion input section for moment of torsion input.Described cooperation face and disengaging face Length bearing of trend all axially extending along described rotary shaft, described disengaging face and coordinate face respectively There are two and symmetrical along the pivot center of described rotary shaft.Described cooperation face is described along being perpendicular to The cross sectional shape of the pivot center of rotary shaft is arc, and described disengaging face is along being perpendicular to described rotary shaft The cross sectional shape of pivot center be linear, the described pivot center coordinating face and described rotary shaft Between distance more than the described distance departed between face and the pivot center of described rotary shaft.Described The two ends of dowel steel have plastic shim.Described rotary shaft moment of torsion input section be connected with for Control described rotary shaft and rotate around it the cylinder that axis rotates.In described frame vertically just To being provided with lead, described lower mold holder is connected in the horizontal direction and is arranged on described lead, institute The mould stated guiding movement along the vertical direction is assemblied on described lower mold holder, along upper in described mould Lower direction offers through described mould upper and lower sides and cross sectional shape is square forming cavity, described mould Tool base plate is arranged in described forming cavity by matched in clearance.
This invention, will be substantially through passing after brick molding as other brick forming machines on market Fortune, transfer and palletization operations, tradition all uses manual operations, in recent years also has some to phoresy class on market Machinery appearance, wall tile press template conveying as open a kind of in Chinese invention patent CN 201310212511.5 Mechanism, this wall tile press board transport mechanism includes conveyer belt and template storage box, and described template stores Frame is the most penetrating and is placed in above conveyer belt one end, is stacked with some ceramic tile templates in this template storage box, The conveyor surface of described conveyer belt is divided into the some transportation sections having certain interval from each other, described The length of transportation section is consistent with the length of ceramic tile template.For another example Chinese invention patent CN 201110431706.X open a kind of brick stacking mechanism for automatic stacker, including being fixed on automatic stacking machine Underframe, underframe is rotatably connected to driven, by power set, the turntable that horizontally rotates, turntable connects There are rotation supporting plate laterally side by side and translation supporting plate, rotate supporting plate by the rotary power being arranged on turntable Device drives and horizontally rotates, and translation supporting plate is driven the most flat by the translation power set being arranged on turntable Shifting is drawn close or away from rotating supporting plate, rotates the lateral part of supporting plate equipped with longitudinally disposed baffle plate, rotation torr The front side portion of plate is also fixed with the baffle plate of horizontally set, underframe also slidably connects and is positioned at translation supporting plate The seam push pedal that disappears in outside, the seam push pedal that disappears is driven by the seam power set that disappear being arranged on underframe.Described turn Being rotatably connected to rotating shaft on platform, the bottom of described rotation supporting plate is packed in rotating shaft, the bottom dress of rotating shaft Having crank, described rotary power unit is the promotion oil cylinder stretched out after hinge is contained in bottom turntable and is tilted towards, The piston rod promoting oil cylinder is hinged with crank.On described turntable equipped be positioned at rotating shaft rear and with crank water The postive stop baffle that mean place is corresponding.Being rotatably connected to support wheel on described turntable, translation supporting plate is overlapped on Supporting on wheel, before and after translation supporting plate, both sides are connected with respectively and are fitted in the spacing of sidepiece before and after turntable Plate, described translation power set are the translation oil cylinder being packed on turntable, the piston rod of translation oil cylinder with The bottom of translation supporting plate is affixed.The described seam power set that disappear are the seam oil cylinder that disappears being arranged on underframe, disappear The piston rod of seam oil cylinder is affixed with the lateral surface of the seam push pedal that disappears, and underframe is also fixed with and is positioned at the seam oil cylinder that disappears Both sides and symmetrically arranged sleeve, the lateral surface of the seam push pedal that disappears is equipped with the guiding being slidably connected in sleeve Post.The block being positioned at both sides, transportation section it is equipped with in gap between described transportation section.Described block The consistency of thickness of height and ceramic tile template.But the structure of this kind of machinery is the most coarse, institute in reality Can reach phoresy and the effect that stacks bricks is unsatisfactory, the brick adapted to and brick forming machine narrow range, machine Tool, automaticity are not enough, often also need to hand fit, inefficiency, poor practicability.
In consideration of it, the problems referred to above are furtherd investigate by inventor, this case is then had to produce.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of step simple and clear, the quality that can efficiently realize stacking bricks is good, Efficiency is high, and molding piled bricks is easy to the toters such as fork truck and is transported, mechanization, automaticity Height, is suitable for various brick and brick forming machine, the practical method that stacks bricks.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention uses such technical scheme:
Stack bricks method, comprises the steps:
(1) piled bricks supplying brick device to have layer brick heap to piled bricks apparatus for shaping supply is utilized, by piled bricks Apparatus for shaping utilizes roller bearing picking-up device to be held up by piled bricks, neat device keep out in piled bricks side, then By vertically against plate opposite side by piled bricks to neat device against, piled bricks is carried out shaping;
(2) brick conveyer device utilizes brick-discharging device by the piled bricks on piled bricks apparatus for shaping with successively brick heap Form brings up to brick conveyer device, conveyer belt and live-roller conveyer device are fed forward, by retaining device Brick supporting plate is blocked, and is utilized push pedal conveyor chain and push pedal hands to be flowed to by brick supporting plate by catcher Dress panel assembly, then by the 3rd pusher, brick heap is steadily pushed to brick collating unit;
(3) after brick heap enters brick collating unit, brick collating unit utilizes and is perpendicular to pushing away of brick-entering direction Brick heap is stopped by baffle plate, and making brick heap be arranged in can arrange or the brick layer of row by not reducing of piling, or right Corresponding brick heap carries out push and block, makes corresponding brick heap reduce at least one row or string brick inlet, is formed The brick layer not reducing row or row relative to last layer or next layer reduces at least one row or the brick layer of string, By the first pusher, brick layer is steadily pushed to brick rotating device again;
(4) brick rotating device utilizes device of rotation driving, transmission pole and lifting moving driving means to make Lifting conveying flap has the function that balance rotates, moves forward and lift, will be corresponding by lifting conveying flap Brick layer rotate predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, then will by the second pusher Brick layer steadily pushes to brick stacking device;
(5) brick stacking device utilizes and carries the brick layer that the carrying of brick opening-closing plate is carried by brick rotating device, machinery folder Hands is clamped in by two tong monomers and is not reduced row or the brick layer both sides of row, or has reduced row or the brick of row The row of layer or exclusive side, tong monomer utilizes mobile clamp the brick layer reducing row or row to be pulled open, makes Form the space of more than one, two or three between adjacent row or row, utilize crane band dynamic load Brick layer is dropped to next layer of brick layer that code is good by brick opening-closing plate and machinery tong, then carries brick opening-closing plate Opening, machinery tong unclamps brick layer, makes brick layer code in next layer of brick layer;
(6) when after the code molding piled bricks that well the corresponding number of plies requires, utilize brick packing apparatus to molding piled bricks Pack, recycle out brick device by packed molding piled bricks brick output.
After using technique scheme, the method that stacks bricks of the present invention, in practical work process, brick is arranged Array apparatus brick heap is arranged in can the brick layer of piling, and can by corresponding brick layer relative to do not reduce row or Last layer or next layer of brick layer of row reduce at least one row or string, it is simple to brick layer is pulled into by down-stream There is space with other corresponding brick layer of brick layer size;Brick rotating device receives the conveying of brick collating unit Brick layer after, corresponding brick layer is rotated predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, as can Odd-level brick layer is not rotated, and dual numbers layer brick layer rotates, predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or the angle that carries out rotating for corresponding brick, it is simple to adjacent brick layer carries out intersection and enumerates, become Shaped brick buttress is more stable;Palletizing apparatus, can be by while can enumerating the brick layer not reducing row or row The brick layer reducing row or row is pulled open, and makes to form more than one, two or three between adjacent row or row Space, then enumerate, after mould brick buttress is packaged, this space is easy to toter and is inserted and grab Taking, as when having two spaces, two the limbs insertions being available for fork truck are carried.With existing skill Art is compared, the method that stacks bricks of the present invention, and its quality that stacks bricks is good, and efficiency is high, and molding piled bricks is easy to fork The toters such as car transport, mechanization, automaticity height, are suitable for various brick and become with brick Type machine, practical.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the first local structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the second local structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the 3rd partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the 4th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the 5th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the 6th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the 7th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the 8th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the 9th partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of tong monomer the first embodiment;
Figure 12 is that in tong monomer the first embodiment, driving clamping device is connected to two first tong arms Between structural representation;
Figure 13 be the movable clamp block of tong monomer the second embodiment the 3rd and the 4th movable clamp block point Solution structure schematic diagram;
Figure 14 is the use status architecture schematic diagram of tong monomer the first embodiment;
Figure 15 is that brick layer is pulled open status architecture schematic diagram by tong monomer the first embodiment;
Figure 16 is the planar structure schematic diagram of molding piled bricks;
Figure 17 is the planar structure schematic diagram of another kind of molding piled bricks;
Figure 18 is that the off-line of two-wire stacks bricks the vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of streamline automatically.
In figure:
1-brick collating unit 11-subtracts the arrangement of brick device 111-push and block plate 112-push and block driving means 12-brick Support body 13-arranges the first pusher 141-the first guide beam 142-the first brick pushing hands of transport platform 14- 1421-the first travel driving unit 1422-the first lifting drive
2-brick rotating device 21-turns brick device 211-lifting conveying flap 212-device of rotation driving 2121-rotating drive shaft 2122-second fluid cylinder pressure 2123-tooth bar 2124-compresses driven pulley 213-even Connection device 214-transmission pole 215-lifting moving driving means 22-brick operating support body 23-second pushes Device 231-the second guide beam 232-the second brick pushing hands 2321-the second travel driving unit 2322-second Lifting drive
3-brick stacking device 31-machinery tong 311-tong monomer 3111-the first slide bar 3112-first fixes Clamp 3113-the first tong arm 3114-the second slide bar 3115-the second retaining clip 31151-fixation clamp 3116-the second tong arm 31161-the first arm monomer 31162-the second arm monomer 30-in portion moves Clamp 301-first moves clamp 302-second and moves the movable clamp block 304-second of clamp 303-first Movable clamp block 305-the 3rd moves clamp 3051-and moves folder portion 306-the 4th and move clamp 3061-and move The movable clamp block 300-buckle structure 32-of the movable clamp block 308-the 4th of dynamic folder portion 307-the 3rd carries brick and opens Plywood 321-the first plate 322-the second plate 33-folding driving mechanism 331-folding drives chain 332-folding chain Wheel 333-folding power set 3331-folding drive sprocket 334-folding power transmission shaft 3341-folding transmission Sprocket wheel 34-driving clamping device 341-the 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 342-the 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 343-the 8th fluid Cylinder pressure 35-pulls open driving means 351-the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 352-the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 353-the 9th fluid Cylinder pressure 354-the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 36-crane 37-lifting drive 371-the first elevating chain 3711-the first linkage section 372-the second elevating chain 3721-the second linkage section 373-driver 3731- 11 fluid-pressure cylinder 3732-lifting drive sprocket 374-first lift sprocket wheel 375-second and lift sprocket wheel 376-the 3rd lifting sprocket wheel 377-the 4th lifting sprocket wheel 38-stacks bricks support body 39-for rack device
4-brick conveyer device 41-conveyer belt 42-brick-discharging device 43-live-roller conveyer device 44-the 3rd pushes away Device 441-the 3rd guide beam 442-the 3rd brick pushing hands 4421-the third line is sent to walk driving means 4422- Three lifting drive 45-retaining device 46-carry support body 47-catcher 471-push pedal conveyor chain 472-push pedal sprocket wheel 473-push pedal hands 474-push pedal driving means 4741-push pedal drive sprocket 475-push pedal Power transmission shaft 4751-push pedal drive sprocket 476-fills panel assembly
5-piled bricks apparatus for shaping 51-shaping conveyer belt 52-roller bearing picking-up device 521-roller bearing 522-holds up Driving means 5221-the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5222-roller 523-supporting plate 5231-inclined-plane 524-loading plate 53-neat device 54-vertically supplies brick device against plate 6-
7-brick packing apparatus 71-packing conveyor chain 711-support bar 8-goes out brick device
9-brick heap 91-brick layer 92-molding piled bricks 93-piled bricks 94-brick supporting plate 95-brick bracket.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to technical scheme is explained further, explain in detail below by specific embodiment State.
The off-line of the present invention stacks bricks streamline automatically, as shown in Fig. 1-18, including brick collating unit 1, Brick rotating device 2 and brick stacking device 3.
Brick collating unit 1, brick rotating device 2 and brick stacking device 3 set gradually along streamline;Brick arranges Brick heap 9 is arranged in by device 1 can the brick layer 91 of piling;Brick rotating device 2 is by defeated for brick collating unit 1 The brick layer 91 sent continues forward conveying;Brick stacking device 3 is by each brick layer 91 successively code molding piled bricks 92; Brick collating unit 1 includes relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer 91, brick layer 91 is reduced at least one row Or string subtract brick device 11;Brick rotating device 2 includes brick layer 91 relative to last layer or next layer What brick layer 91 rotated predetermined angular turns brick device 21;Brick stacking device 3 includes reducing row or the brick of row Layer 91 pulls open, and makes to be formed between adjacent row or row the machinery folder in the above space of one, two or three Hands 31.The present invention is in practical work process, and brick heap 9 is arranged in by brick collating unit 1 can piling Do not reduce row or the brick layer 91 of row, and can be by corresponding brick layer 91 relative to not reducing row or upper the one of row Layer or next layer of brick layer 91 reduce at least one row or string, it is simple to brick layer 91 is pulled into tool by down-stream Have a space with other brick layer 91 corresponding brick layer of size 91;Brick rotating device 2 receives brick collating unit After the brick layer 91 of 1 conveying, corresponding brick layer 91 is rotated predetermined relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer Angle, as do not rotated odd-level brick layer 91, and dual numbers layer brick layer 91 rotates, Predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or the angle that carries out rotating for corresponding brick are easy to adjacent brick layer 91 carry out intersection enumerates, and molding piled bricks 92 is more stable;Palletizing apparatus 3 can enumerate do not reduce row or While the brick layer 91 of row, the brick layer 91 reducing row or row can be pulled open, make adjacent row or row Between form space more than one, two or three, then enumerate, when mould brick buttress 92 is beaten Bao Hou, this space is easy to toter insertion and is captured, as when having two spaces, being available for fork truck Two limbs insert to be carried.
Preferably, subtract brick device 11 and include that be perpendicular to brick-entering direction carries out push and block to reduce extremely to brick heap 9 A few row or the push and block plate 111 of string brick inlet, and drive the push and block driving means of push and block plate 111 112.Concrete structure can be, push and block driving means 112 is located at push and block plate 111 back side for cross-brace Oil cylinder, brick heap 9 can normally be stopped (not pushing ahead) by push and block plate 111, is formed and does not reduces row Or the brick layer 91 of row, and can be according to the control of control device (not shown), at corresponding brick heap 9 When entering brick collating unit 1, drive push and block plate 111 that brick heap 9 is carried out push and block, make this brick heap 9 phase At least one row or string brick inlet reduce for normal brick heap 9, formed relative to do not reduce row or The brick layer 91 of row reduces the brick layer 91 of at least one row or string.
Preferably, brick collating unit 1 also includes that brick arranges support body 12, is located on brick arrangement support body 12 and holds Carry and the brick arrangement transport platform 13 of conveying brick layer 91, and brick is arranged the brick layer 91 in transport platform 13 Push to the first pusher 14 of brick rotating device 2.Brick heap 9 carries after entering brick collating unit 1 In arrangement transport platform 13, brick heap 9 is stopped or push and block by push and block plate 111, then first pushes Device 14 by push whole in the way of brick heap 9 side to brick rotating device 2 direction advance brick heap 9, Several times stop or push and block and propelling can be repeated according to the brick width that enters of brick heap size and brick heap 9, Until forming the brick layer 91 of given size, push and block plate 111 and the first pusher 14 match in this way Close and brick heap 9 is arranged.
Preferably, the Zhuan Kou that enters of brick collating unit 1 is in the side of brick arrangement transport platform 13, push and block plate 111 are erected on opposite side corresponding with entering brick mouth in brick arrangement transport platform 13;First pusher 14 Including being located on brick arrangement support body 12 along brick conveying direction and being in the above brick arrangement transport platform 13 One guide beam 141, and be located on the first guide beam 141 along first guide beam 141 walking push away the first of brick Brick pushing hands 142;First brick pushing hands 142 is equipped with the first travel driving unit 1421 and the first lifting is driven Dynamic device 1422.First travel driving unit 1421 drives the first brick pushing hands 142 to carry out pushing away brick, and first Lifting drive 1422 drives the first brick pushing hands 142 to rise or fall, and is used for pushing away brick after decline, when After pushing brick layer 91 forward, rise during retrogressing, rear can be hidden and enter the brick heap 9 of brick collating unit 1.
Preferably, the brick layer 91 that brick device 21 includes that horizontal bearing carries by brick collating unit 1 is turned Lifting conveying flap 211, drives the device of rotation driving 212 that lifting conveying flap 211 rotates, carrying Attachment means 213 below lifting conveying flap 211, at least three are supported in attachment means 213 times The transmission pole 214 of side, and drive transmission pole 214 to brick stacking device 3 transmission lifting conveying flap The lifting moving driving means 215 of 211;Each transmission pole 214 is isometric, be parallel to each other and not same In plane, the most each transmission pole 214 will not be arranged in string or a row, and the parallel framework of Special composition props up Shelf structure, forms supporting surface, supporting & stablizing to attachment means 213;The upper end of each transmission pole 214 Being articulated with attachment means 213, lower end is articulated with corresponding connecting portion.Worked Cheng Zhong, lifting moving driving means 215 drive each transmission pole 214 rely on lower end as fulcrum, to Brick stacking device 3 swings, utilize parallel bar swing principle, lifting conveying flap 211 by parallel forward, Upwards (or downwards) mobile, and lifting conveying flap under the driving of device of rotation driving 212 simultaneously 211 can rotate simultaneously, realize up and down the most simultaneously, front and back and rotate action.According to brick layer 91 Enumerate rule, the stability that the perpendicular guarantee of orientation of the brick layer 91 of adjacent layer is enumerated, turn Dynamic driving means 212 drives the brick layer 91 of lifting conveying 211 dual numbers layers of flap or odd-level to carry out Rotate predetermined angular.
In order to optimize the transmission effect of transmission pole 214 further, it is preferable that brick rotating device 2 is also Including brick operating support body 22;Attachment means 213 is horizontal plate, four contour transmission pole 214 edges The direction parallel and perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick becomes matrix distribution, i.e. four transmission poles 214 Cross-sectional distribution on four points of rectangle;The upper end of four transmission poles 214 respectively by with brick The perpendicular upper horizontal rotating shaft of conveying direction be articulated in the lower section of attachment means 213 of horizontal plate form, The lower end of four transmission poles 214 is respectively by the lower horizontal rotating shaft pivot joint paralleled with upper horizontal rotating shaft On the above-mentioned connecting portion of brick operating support body 22;Lifting moving driving means 215 includes at least one court The first fluid cylinder pressure that brick stacking device 3 direction drives, one end of described first fluid cylinder pressure is articulated in brick On operating support body 22, the other end is articulated with at least one transmission pole 214.Concrete structure can For, two described first fluid cylinder pressures are respectively supported at two transmission poles further away from brick stacking device 3 The medium position of 214.
Preferably, device of rotation driving 212 is located in attachment means 213, device of rotation driving 212 Lifting conveying flap 211 is carried out rotating driving by the rotating drive shaft 2121 arranged by vertical direction, Attachment means 213 is connected by rotating drive shaft 2121 with lifting conveying flap 211.
Preferably, device of rotation driving 212 includes two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122, two second fluids The piston rod of cylinder pressure 2122 is in opposite direction, and the piston rod of two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 is extended with tooth bar 2123, rotating drive shaft 2121 is formed the in-line gears matched with two tooth bars 2123, two teeth Bar 2123 is meshed with the relative side face of described in-line gears respectively, and two tooth bars 2123 arrange respectively The compression driven pulley 2124 that oriented described in-line gears compress.Two compress driven pulley 2124 can guaranteed discharge tooth Bar 2123 meshes together all the time with described in-line gears.Two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 are simultaneously to turning Dynamic power transmission shaft 2121 is driven, and makes rotating drive shaft 2121 rotate, and then drives lifting conveying to turn Plate 211 rotates.
In order to ensure the driving effect of device of rotation driving 212, it is preferable that above-mentioned in-line gears and two The axis compressing driven pulley 2124 is in same perpendicular, and this perpendicular and two tooth bars 2123 Perpendicular.And in-line gears and two compression driven pulleys 2124 can be made further to be in isometry position.
Preferably, brick rotating device 2 also includes pushing to the brick layer 91 on lifting conveying flap 211 Second pusher 23 of brick stacking device 3;Second pusher 23 includes being located at brick along brick conveying direction On operating support body 22 and be in the second guide beam 231 above lifting conveying flap 211, and it is located at the Push away the second brick pushing hands 232 of brick along the second guide beam 231 walking on two guide beams 231;Second brick pushing hands 232 are equipped with the second travel driving unit 2321 and the second lifting drive 2322.When lifting conveying After brick layer 91 is transported to certain position by flap 211, lifting conveying flap 211 can lead to one and stacks bricks The brick guide plate of device 3 engages, and the second brick pushing hands 232 utilizes the second brick pushing hands 232 to rise after declining Brick layer 91 on fall conveying flap 211 is pushed to brick stacking device 3 through described brick guide plate.
Preferably, brick stacking device 3 includes the load of brick layer 91 that horizontal bearing carries by brick rotating device 2 Brick opening-closing plate 32, drives the folding driving mechanism 33 carrying brick opening-closing plate 32 folding, and clamping brick layer 91 is also The mechanical tong 31 that the brick layer 91 reducing row or row is pulled open, and drive machinery tong 31 to clamp The driving clamping device 34 of brick layer 91, and drive machinery tong 31 pull open brick layer 91 pull open driving dress Put 35.In the course of the work, carrying brick opening-closing plate 32 and carry brick layer 91, machinery tong 31 is by brick layer 91 Clamp, and control according to controlling device, when brick layer 91 is the brick layer 91 not reducing row or row, no Need to carry out pulling open operation, only load brick opening-closing plate 32 need to be made to open, machinery tong 31 unclamps, by brick layer 91 leak down;When brick layer 91 be reduced row or row brick layer 91 suitably pull open so that it is size with do not subtract The brick layer 91 of few row or row is identical, forms the space of more than one, two or three between the row of making or row.
Preferably, machinery tong 31 includes that two are clamped in brick layer 91 both sides do not reduced row or arrange, Reduced row or row brick layer 91 row or the tong monomer 311 of exclusive side, tong monomer 311 wraps Include the mobile clamp 30 outwards moved in parallel along folded edge bearing of trend.I.e. when brick layer 91 is not for reduce During the brick layer 91 arranged or arrange, tong monomer 311 is clamped in the both sides of brick layer 91, is preferably interposed in and brick On the side that approach axis is parallel;When brick layer 91 is the brick layer 91 having reduced row or row, tong Monomer 311 is clamped in the row of brick layer 91 or exclusive side, so, when mobile clamp 30 is along folded limit When edge bearing of trend outwards moves in parallel, can pull out arranging accordingly or arranging, make adjacent row or Space is produced between row.
Preferred first embodiment of tong monomer 311 is that tong monomer 311 includes along folded edge The first slide bar 3111 that bearing of trend is arranged, and the first fixation clamp being fixed on the first slide bar 3111 Body 3112, mobile clamp 30 first be located on the first slide bar 3111 that include sliding moves clamp 301 Clamp 302 is moved with second;First retaining clip 3112 is in first and moves clamp 301 and the second shifting Between dynamic clamp 302.So, the first retaining clip 3112 of two tong monomers 311 clamps middle Brick, the first of two tong monomers 311 is moved clamp 301 and second and moves clamp 302 and clamp respectively The brick of both sides, when first move clamp 301 and second move clamp 302 be pulled outwardly respectively time, both sides Brick can form two spaces with middle brick, these two spaces are available for two limbs of fork truck and are inserted into Row carrying.
Preferably, the first retaining clip 3112 and first moves and is provided with at least one cunning between clamp 301 Dynamic the first movable clamp block 303 being located on the first slide bar 3111, the first retaining clip 3112 and second At least one movable clamp of second be located on the first slide bar 3111 that slides it is provided with between mobile clamp 302 Block 304;When the movable clamp block 303 of only one of which first, first moves clamp 301 and adjacent the Connected by buckle structure 300 between one movable clamp block 303, when there being plural first activity During clamp block 303, first move between clamp 301 with the adjacent first movable clamp block 303, with And connected by buckle structure 300 between the first adjacent movable clamp block 303;When only one of which During two movable clamp blocks 304, second move clamp 302 and the adjacent second activity clamp block 304 it Between connected by buckle structure 300, when there being the plural second movable clamp block 304, second Move between clamp 302 with the adjacent second movable clamp block 304 and the second adjacent movable folder Connected by buckle structure 300 between body block 304.Can be according to the size of brick to be pulled open and centre The parameters such as the width of brick, by the first of respective numbers the movable clamp block 303 and the second movable clamp block 304 Move clamp 301 and second respectively to move clamp 302 be connected by buckle structure 300 with first, when When need not the first movable clamp block 303 and the second movable clamp block 304, only need to open buckle structure 300.
Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes upwardly extending first tong arm 3113, the first tong Arm 3113 is connected with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112;Driving clamping device 34 Being connected with the first tong arm 3113 of one tong monomer 311 for one end, the other end connects with corresponding Connect the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder that the first tong arm 3113 of portion or another tong monomer 311 connects.I.e. when When the other end of the driving clamping device 34 of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form connects with corresponding connecting portion, can Only drive the first tong arm 3113 of one tong monomer 311, when the folder of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form When first tong arm 3113 of another tong monomer 311 of the other end of tight driving means 34 connects, The first tong arm 3113 of two tong monomers 311 can be simultaneously driven.
Preferably, pull open driving means 35 and include the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 and the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352; One end of 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 is connected, separately with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112 One end is moved clamp 301 with first and is connected;One end of 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352 and the first slide bar 3111 Or first retaining clip 3112 connect, the other end and second moves clamp 302 and connects.4th fluid pressure Cylinder 351 can drive first to move clamp 301 and slide along the first slide bar 3111 is inside and outside, the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352 can drive second to move clamp 302 slides along the first slide bar 3111 is inside and outside.
Preferred second embodiment of tong monomer 311 is that tong monomer 311 includes being in brick layer 91 Top the second slide bar 3114 be arrangeding in parallel with folded edge bearing of trend, and it is sliding to be fixed at second The second retaining clip 3115 on bar 3114, mobile clamp 30 includes that the second slide bar 3114 is located in slip On the 3rd move clamp 305 and the 4th and move clamp 306;Second retaining clip 3115 is in the 3rd Mobile clamp 305 and the 4th moves between clamp 306;The lower end of the second retaining clip 3115 has folder The fixation clamp portion 31151 of tight brick layer 91, the 3rd lower end moving clamp 305 has clamping brick layer 91 Mobile folder portion 3051, the 4th lower end moving clamp 306 has the mobile folder portion 3061 of clamping brick layer 91. So, the second retaining clip 3115 of two tong monomers 311 clamps centre by fixation clamp portion 31151 The brick at place, the 3rd of two tong monomers 311 moves clamp 305 and the 4th and moves clamp 306 and lead to respectively Cross mobile folder portion 3051 and clamp the brick of both sides, when the 3rd moves clamp 305 and the 4th and move clamp 306 When being pulled outwardly respectively, the brick of both sides can form two spaces with middle brick, and these two spaces are available for fork Two limbs of car insert to be carried.
Preferably, divide between fixation clamp portion 31151 and the mobile folder portion 3061 of same tong monomer 311 It is not provided with at least one the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308;When only one of which During three movable clamp blocks 307, logical between the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 Cross removable connected structure to connect, when there being the plural 3rd movable clamp block 307, the 3rd Between movable clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 and adjacent the 3rd movable clamp block Connected by removable connected structure between 307;When the movable clamp block 308 of only one of which the 4th, Between 4th movable clamp block 308 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 by removable connected structure even Connecing, when there being the plural 4th movable clamp block 308, the 4th movable clamp block 308 is with adjacent Mobile folder portion 3061 between and the adjacent 4th movable clamp block 308 between by removable Connected structure connects.Can be according to parameters such as the width of the size of brick to be pulled open and middle brick, by phase The 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of answering quantity move clamp with the 3rd respectively 305 and the 4th move clamp 306 is connected by removable connected structure, when need not the 3rd movable folder When body block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308, only the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th need to be lived Dynamic clamp block 308 is pulled down.Concrete structure can be, the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th is movable Clamp block 308 includes and the mobile folder portion 3061 corresponding wide section of external dimensions and thin diameter section respectively, moves Dynamic folder portion 3061 has the socket inserted for thin diameter section, thin diameter section coordinate with the grafting of socket be removable The connected structure of dress.When there being the plural 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 Time, the wide section of the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 has for adjacent the The socket that the thin diameter section of three movable clamp blocks 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 inserts, realizes with this The conversion of mobile folder portion 3061 length.
Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes upwardly extending second tong arm 3116, the second tong Arm 3116 includes the first arm monomer 31161 being connected with the second retaining clip 3115, and two points The second arm monomer 31162 that clamp 302 is connected is not moved with two second;Driving clamping device 34 wraps Include the 6th stream being connected between two the first arm monomers 31161 that two tong monomers 311 are corresponding Body cylinder pressure 341, and be connected to two second corresponding arm monomers 31162 of two tong monomers 311 it Between the 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342, and be connected to two other second-hand that two tong monomers 311 are corresponding The 8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 between arm monomer 31162.So, the 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 341 simultaneously drives Two the first arm monomers 31161 that two tong monomers 311 are corresponding;7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342 is simultaneously Drive the two second arm monomers 31162 that two tong monomers 311 are corresponding;8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 is same Time drive corresponding two other the second arm monomer 31162 of two tong monomers 311.
Preferably, pull open driving means 35 and include the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 and the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354; One end of 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 is connected, separately with the second slide bar 3114 or the second retaining clip 3115 One end is moved clamp 305 with the 3rd and is connected;One end of tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354 and the second slide bar 3114 Or second retaining clip 3115 connect, the other end and the 4th moves clamp 306 and connects.9th fluid pressure Cylinder 353 can drive the 3rd to move clamp 305 and slide along the second slide bar 3114 is inside and outside, the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354 can drive the 4th to move clamp 306 slides along the second slide bar 3114 is inside and outside.
Preferably, carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and include the first plate 321 and the second plate that two panels is stitched together 322;Folding driving mechanism 33 includes being horizontally disposed with and along the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 side of arrangement Driving chain 331 to the folding extended, folding drives the two ends of chain 331 to be carried by folding sprocket wheel 332 respectively; First plate 321 drives a wherein strand of chain 331 to be connected with folding, and the second plate 322 drives with folding Another strand of dynamic chain 331 connects.So, when folding drives chain 331 to operate, wherein one Strand drives the first plate 321 to a lateral movement, and another strand drives the second plate 322 to transport to opposite side Dynamic, make the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 realize separately, leaking down for brick layer 91;When folding drives chain During 331 antiport, the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 realize merging.Specifically, the first plate 321 Rail plate also it is equipped with the second plate 322.
Preferably, folding driving mechanism 33 includes that two foldings being parallel to each other drive chain 331;Two open Close and drive chain 331 to be equipped with the folding power set 333 driving folding to drive chain 331 operating;Two foldings Chain 331 is driven coaxially to be passed by the folding power transmission shaft 334 of a level with the two folding sprocket wheels 332 of one end Being dynamically connected, folding power transmission shaft 334 is provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket 3341, folding power set 333 Rotary output axis be provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket 332, folding drive sprocket 3341 drives with folding Movable sprocket 332 is corresponding and is connected by folding driving-chain.Folding power set 333 are driven by folding Movable sprocket 332 drives folding driving-chain that folding drive sprocket 3341 is carried out transmission, and then folding transmission Axle 334 drives two folding sprocket wheels 332 to drive two foldings to drive chain 331 to operate respectively.
Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes that carrying carries brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, machine Tool tong 31, driving clamping device 34 and pull open the crane 36 of driving means 35, and drive and rise The lifting drive 37 of fall frame 36 lifting.In the course of the work, lifting drive 37 drives and rises Fall frame 36 band dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, machinery tong 31, clamping drive dress Put 34 and pull open driving means 35 and lift suitable height, as can be according to the brick layer 91 that lower section is enumerated Highly regulating falling head, lifting height is the height receiving the brick layer 91 on brick rotating device 2. Specifically, crane 36 is also equipped with rail plate.
Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes the support body 38 that stacks bricks carrying crane 36;Lifting drives dress Put 37 and include two the first elevating chains 371, two the second elevating chains 372, and drive first Elevating chain 371 and the driver 373 of the second elevating chain 372;Two first elevating chains 371 are mutual Be arrangeding in parallel, the lower end balance of two first elevating chains 371 is connected to one end of crane 36, upper end Walk around the first lifting sprocket wheel 374 and the second lifting sprocket wheel being located at support body 38 top that stacks bricks the most successively 375 are connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 are parallel with two first elevating chains 371 Arranging, the lower end balance of two second elevating chains 372 is connected to the other end of crane 36, and upper end is divided Walk around the 3rd lifting sprocket wheel 376 and the 4th lifting sprocket wheel 377 being located at support body 38 top that stacks bricks the most successively Support body 38 is connected with stacking bricks;Two first elevating chains 371 include walking around two second lifting sprocket wheels 375 respectively And the first linkage section 3711 being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 include respectively around Cross two the 4th lifting sprocket wheels 377 the second linkage section 3721 being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;First connects Section 3711 is parallel to each other with the second linkage section 3721;Driver 373 includes the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder 3731, With four piston rod ends being located at the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder 3731 respectively to two first linkage sections 3711 With the lifting drive sprocket 3732 that two second linkage sections 3721 are supported propelling.So, driver 373 drive four lifting drive sprockets 3732, to two first linkage section 3711 and two second linkage sections 3721 are supported advancing, and the first elevating chain 371 and the second elevating chain 372 can be pulled to drive and rise Fall frame 36 rises;When driver 373 does not drives, crane 36 declines.
According to actual needs, especially when code special form brick, in order to be easy to further stack bricks, it is preferable that Brick stacking device 3 is also equipped with the confession rack device being placed in by brick bracket 95 between corresponding adjacent brick layer 91 39.Brick bracket 95 has the jack that the limb for toter such as fork truck etc. inserts, it is simple to carrying.
Preferably, the upstream of brick collating unit 1 is additionally provided with brick conveyer device 4;Entering of brick collating unit 1 Zhuan Kou is connected with brick conveyer device 4 tail end, and the conveying direction of brick conveyer device 4 and brick collating unit 1 Conveying direction perpendicular.
Preferably, brick conveyer device 4 includes conveyer belt 41, and be placed in by brick on conveyer belt 41 takes brick dress Put 42, be connected in the live-roller conveyer device 43 of conveyer belt 41 tail end, brick is pushed into brick collating unit 1 The 3rd pusher 44, and be located at live-roller conveyer device 43 tail end and block the baffle plate of brick supporting plate 94 Device 45.Brick supporting plate 94 is blocked by retaining device 45, and brick heap 9 is arranged by the 3rd pusher 44 to brick Array apparatus 1 pushes.
In order to implement function and the structure of retaining device 45, it is preferable that retaining device 45 is upper Surface is higher than brick supporting plate 94 lower surface, and less than the horizontal plate of brick supporting plate 94 upper surface.
Preferably, brick conveyer device 4 also includes that brick carries support body 46;3rd pusher 44 includes edge Brick conveying direction is located on brick conveying support body 46 and is in live-roller conveyer device 43 and retaining device 45 3rd guide beam 441 of top, and be located on the 3rd guide beam 441 and walk along the 3rd guide beam 441 Push away the 3rd brick pushing hands 442 of brick;3rd brick pushing hands 442 is equipped with the third line and walks driving means 4421 He 3rd lifting drive 4422.3rd pusher 44 utilizes the 3rd brick pushing hands 442 by defeated after declining Send and be pushed to brick collating unit 1 with the brick heap 9 on 41 through brick supporting plate 94 and retaining device 45.
Preferably, brick conveyer device 4 also includes that catcher 47, catcher 47 include being located at transmission Between the live-roller of roller conveyer device 43 and the push pedal conveyor chain 471 of extension axially in parallel with live-roller, It is carried on the push pedal sprocket wheel 472 at push pedal conveyor chain 471 two ends, is located at push pedal conveyor chain 471 enterprising The push pedal hands 473 of row push pedal, and drive the push pedal driving means 474 of push pedal conveyor chain 471 operating; The upper surface of push pedal conveyor chain 471 is less than the upper surface of described live-roller, and push pedal hands 473 is higher than institute State the upper surface of live-roller.Push pedal driving means 474 drives push pedal conveyor chain 471 to operate, push pedal Hands 473 promotes the side of brick supporting plate 94, is pushed by brick supporting plate 94 and carry out receiving plate from transmission roll shaft.
Preferably, catcher 47 includes two push pedal conveyor chains 471 being parallel to each other;Two push pedals Conveyor chain 471 is coaxial by the push pedal power transmission shaft 475 of a level with the two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 of one end Being in transmission connection, push pedal power transmission shaft 475 is provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4751, push pedal driving means The rotary output axis of 474 is provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4741, push pedal drive sprocket 4751 with push away Plate drive sprocket 4741 is corresponding and is connected by push pedal driving-chain.Push pedal driving means 474 is by pushing away Plate drive sprocket 4741 drives push pedal driving-chain that push pedal drive sprocket 4751 is carried out transmission, and then pushes away Plate power transmission shaft 475 drives two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 to drive two push pedal conveyor chains 471 to operate respectively.
In order to make mechanism more complete, and it is easy to receive plate, it is preferable that catcher 47 is equipped with linking Dress panel assembly 476 in push pedal conveyor chain 471 tail end.
Preferably, the upstream of brick conveyer device 4 is additionally provided with piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5;Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 Including the shaping conveyer belt 5141 of the piled bricks transporting band brick supporting plate 94 towards brick conveyer device 4 direction, it is located at Shaping conveyer belt can upwards hold up the roller bearing picking-up device 52 of piled bricks for 5141 times, by multiple be erected on whole The neat device 53 that the axis of rolling of shape conveyer belt 5141 side is formed along conveying direction arrangement, and by shaping Vertical against plate 54 against piled bricks of another lateral neat device 53 of conveyer belt 5141;Roller bearing holds up dress Put 52 and include that multiple axis, along conveying direction and the roller bearing 521 that becomes matrix distribution, and drives up roller bearing The picking-up driving means 522 of 521;Shaping conveyer belt 5141 has the port passed for roller bearing 521. Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 4 utilizes roller bearing picking-up device 52 to be held up by piled bricks 93, neat device 53 keep out In piled bricks 93 side, then by vertically piled bricks 93 being supported to neat device 53 against plate 54 at opposite side Lean on, piled bricks 93 is carried out shaping.
Preferably, multiple roller bearings 521 are carried by supporting plate 523, supporting plate 523 by multiple support seats with Each roller bearing 521 is articulated one by one;The lower surface of supporting plate 523 be formed by side to opposite side by The most downward-sloping inclined-plane 5231, at least two inclined-plane 5231 is uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523; Hold up the 12nd fluid of the direction extension that driving means 522 includes tilting gradually downward along inclined-plane 5231 Cylinder pressure 5221, at least two be located at the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 piston rod end and one by one pad be located at Roller 5222 below each inclined-plane 5231.12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 driving rolls 5222 is to reach Dynamic, utilize the inclined-plane 5231 tilted gradually downward, take advantage of a situation supporting plate 523 and roller bearing 521 jack-up, enter And by piled bricks 93 jack-up.
Preferably, four inclined-planes 5231 are uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523, four rolling 5222 Coordinate one by one with four inclined-planes 5231;Supporting plate 523 is equipped away from the one end holding up driving means 522 Retention device;The lower section of four rolling 5222 is carried by loading plate 524, the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 It is connected with loading plate 524.
In order to form the successive and complete streamline that stacks bricks, it is preferable that piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 Upstream is additionally provided with for brick device 6;The downstream of brick stacking device 3 is also sequentially provided with brick packing along streamline direction Device 7 and go out brick device 8.
Preferably, brick packing apparatus 7 is equipped with carrying and conveying by 3 yards of good mould bricks of brick stacking device The packing conveyor chain 71 of buttress 92, packing conveyor chain 71 is provided with multiple extension in the width direction also The support bar 711 arranged along its length, has between adjacent support bar 711 and passes for packing rope Gap.Conveyor chain 71 concretely chain, support bar 711 is connected to chain and ties.
The off-line of two-wire stacks bricks streamline automatically, such as Fig. 1-18, automatically stacks bricks including two above-mentioned off-lines Streamline, off-line described in two stacks bricks the brick collating unit 1 of streamline automatically and brick rotating device 2 shares Same brick stacking device 3.I.e. two above-mentioned off-lines streamline that automatically stacks bricks, as streamline monomer, is fused into The off-line of one whole piece two-wire stacks bricks streamline, in order to fully and efficiently utilize brick stacking device 3, two automatically The individual off-line streamline that automatically stacks bricks shares same brick stacking device 3, and an available wherein off-line stacks bricks automatically Streamline phoresys the off time of brick, and the streamline that automatically stacks bricks another off-line stacks bricks, completely The efficiency that stacks bricks can rise to the single above-mentioned off-line streamline that automatically stacks bricks stack bricks the twice of efficiency, And mechanism's utilization rate also significantly improves, it is greatly saved cost.Further, described in two, off-line stacks bricks automatically Streamline also shares same brick packing apparatus 7 and goes out brick device 8.
In order to the above-mentioned off-line of reasonable coordination two automatically stack bricks streamline for brick, it is preferable that brick stacking device 3 Two enter Zhuan Kou and be in relative both sides, corresponding two brick rotating devices 2 respectively.
One stacks bricks method, such as Fig. 1-18, comprises the steps:
(1) utilization has the piled bricks 93 of layer brick heap 9 for brick device 6 to piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 supply, Utilized roller bearing picking-up device 52 to be held up by piled bricks 93 by piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5, neat device 53 support Gear in piled bricks 93 side, then by vertical against plate 54 at opposite side by piled bricks 93 to neat device 53 Against, piled bricks 93 is carried out shaping;
(2) brick conveyer device 4 utilize brick-discharging device 42 by the piled bricks 93 on piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 with Successively the form of brick heap 9 brings up to brick conveyer device 4, by conveyer belt 41 and live-roller conveyer device 43 to Front conveying, is blocked brick supporting plate 94 by retaining device 45, and is utilized push pedal to carry by catcher 47 Brick supporting plate 94 is flowed to fill panel assembly 46 by chain belt 471 and push pedal hands 473, then by the 3rd pusher Brick heap 9 is steadily pushed by 44 to brick collating unit 1;
(3) after brick heap 9 enters brick collating unit 1, brick collating unit 1 utilizes and is perpendicular to into brick side To push and block plate 111 brick heap 9 is stopped, make brick heap 9 be arranged in can piling do not reduce row or The brick layer 91 of row, or corresponding brick heap 9 is carried out push and block, make corresponding brick heap 9 reduce by least one row Or string brick inlet, the brick layer 91 that formation does not reduces row or row relative to last layer or next layer reduces The brick layer 91 of at least one row or string, then by the first pusher 14 by brick layer 91 to brick rotating device 2 steadily push;
(4) brick rotating device 2 utilizes device of rotation driving 212, transmission pole 214 and lifting moving Driving means 215 makes lifting conveying flap 211 have the function that balance rotates, moves forward and lift, by Corresponding brick layer 91 is rotated pre-relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer 91 by lifting conveying flap 211 Determine angle, then by the second pusher 23, brick layer 91 is steadily pushed to brick stacking device 3;
(5) brick stacking device 3 utilizes load brick opening-closing plate 32 to carry the brick layer carried by brick rotating device 2 91, machinery tong 31 is clamped in brick layer 91 both sides do not reduced row or arrange by two tong monomers 311, Or having reduced the row of the brick layer 91 of row or row or exclusive side, tong monomer 311 utilizes mobile clamp 30 The brick layer 91 reducing row or row is pulled open, makes to form one, two or three between adjacent row or row Individual above space, utilizes crane 36 band dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32 and machinery tong 31 by brick layer 91 Drop to next layer of brick layer 91 that code is good, then carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and open, machinery tong 31 pine Open brick layer 91, make brick layer 91 yards in next layer of brick layer 91;
(6) when after the code molding piled bricks 92 that well the corresponding number of plies requires, utilize brick packing apparatus 7 to one-tenth Shaped brick buttress 92 is packed, and recycles out brick device 8 by packed molding piled bricks 92 brick output.
The off-line of the present invention stacks bricks streamline and the method that stacks bricks, each mobile clamp and corresponding slide bar automatically Between, especially forced contact face is provided with the rolling elements such as ball, to reduce friction;Each slide bar is preferred For square column type bar structure, each mobile clamp is the shift sleeve structure being slidably located on slide bar, slide bar and shifting The concrete form of dynamic clamp all can be adjusted according to actual requirement and design;For the ease of piling, and Do not result in the problems such as brick, it is preferable that on the width of every layer of brick layer or a length of brick conveyer device The integral multiple of brick heap width, further, every layer of brick layer is square;The off-line of two-wire stacks bricks automatically Two off-lines of streamline stack bricks the concrete conveying direction of streamline and arrangement mode etc. automatically can be according to reality Border requires be adjusted and design.
The product form of the present invention is not limited to this case diagram and embodiment, and it is similar to by anyone The suitably change of thinking or modification, all should be regarded as the patent category without departing from the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. stack bricks method, it is characterised in that comprises the steps:
(1) piled bricks supplying brick device to have layer brick heap to piled bricks apparatus for shaping supply is utilized, by piled bricks Apparatus for shaping utilizes roller bearing picking-up device to be held up by piled bricks, neat device keep out in piled bricks side, then By vertically against plate opposite side by piled bricks to neat device against, piled bricks is carried out shaping;
(2) brick conveyer device utilizes brick-discharging device by the piled bricks on piled bricks apparatus for shaping with successively brick heap Form brings up to brick conveyer device, conveyer belt and live-roller conveyer device are fed forward, by retaining device Brick supporting plate is blocked, and is utilized push pedal conveyor chain and push pedal hands to be flowed to by brick supporting plate by catcher Dress panel assembly, then by the 3rd pusher, brick heap is steadily pushed to brick collating unit;
(3) after brick heap enters brick collating unit, brick collating unit utilizes and is perpendicular to pushing away of brick-entering direction Brick heap is stopped by baffle plate, and making brick heap be arranged in can arrange or the brick layer of row by not reducing of piling, or right Corresponding brick heap carries out push and block, makes corresponding brick heap reduce at least one row or string brick inlet, is formed The brick layer not reducing row or row relative to last layer or next layer reduces at least one row or the brick layer of string, By the first pusher, brick layer is steadily pushed to brick rotating device again;
(4) brick rotating device utilizes device of rotation driving, transmission pole and lifting moving driving means to make Lifting conveying flap has the function that balance rotates, moves forward and lift, will be corresponding by lifting conveying flap Brick layer rotate predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, then will by the second pusher Brick layer steadily pushes to brick stacking device;
(5) brick stacking device utilizes and carries the brick layer that the carrying of brick opening-closing plate is carried by brick rotating device, machinery folder Hands is clamped in by two tong monomers and is not reduced row or the brick layer both sides of row, or has reduced row or the brick of row The row of layer or exclusive side, tong monomer utilizes mobile clamp the brick layer reducing row or row to be pulled open, makes Form the space of more than one, two or three between adjacent row or row, utilize crane band dynamic load Brick layer is dropped to next layer of brick layer that code is good by brick opening-closing plate and machinery tong, then carries brick opening-closing plate Opening, machinery tong unclamps brick layer, makes brick layer code in next layer of brick layer;
(6) when after the code molding piled bricks that well the corresponding number of plies requires, utilize brick packing apparatus to molding piled bricks Pack, recycle out brick device by packed molding piled bricks brick output.
CN201610375614.7A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 Stack bricks method CN105858237B (en)

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CN104444395A (en) 2015-03-25

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