CN109665329B - Tray-free offline stacking device - Google Patents

Tray-free offline stacking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109665329B
CN109665329B CN201811514840.4A CN201811514840A CN109665329B CN 109665329 B CN109665329 B CN 109665329B CN 201811514840 A CN201811514840 A CN 201811514840A CN 109665329 B CN109665329 B CN 109665329B
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China
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brick
pushing
bricks
layer
receiving platform
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CN109665329A (en
Inventor
蒋淮同
田先春
张猛
张敏敏
刘长青
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Jiangsu Tengyu Machinery Manufacture Co ltd
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Jiangsu Tengyu Machinery Manufacture Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a tray-free offline stacking device which comprises a tray returning machine, a primary brick pushing mechanism, a primary brick receiving platform, a secondary brick pushing mechanism, a secondary brick receiving platform, a tertiary brick pushing mechanism, a tertiary brick receiving platform, a full-automatic setting machine and a brick pile conveyor, wherein the primary brick pushing mechanism can push single-layer bricks from the tray returning machine to the primary brick receiving platform, the secondary brick pushing mechanism can push single-layer bricks from the primary brick receiving platform to the secondary brick receiving platform, the tertiary brick pushing mechanism can push single-layer bricks from the secondary brick receiving platform to the tertiary brick receiving platform, the full-automatic setting machine can clamp and convey the single-layer bricks from the tertiary brick receiving platform to the brick pile conveyor, and the tertiary brick pushing mechanism comprises two movable pushing plates for pushing the bricks and a plurality of third fixed pushing plates for realizing hole reserving operation of the single-layer bricks. The automatic brick stacking machine has the advantages of good operation stability, reliable stacking process and high positioning precision, and can automatically stack bricks into brick stacks with lifting holes.

Description

Tray-free offline stacking device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of building material stacking equipment, and particularly relates to a tray-free offline stacking device.
Background
At present, in the field of building material production in China, when a brick pile is transported, most of the brick pile and a tray at the bottom are bound into a whole, and a forklift is inserted into a through hole of the tray to transport the brick pile. Can occupy a large amount of trays during the pile up neatly of brick, after the brick pile transports the goods factory, because the loading and unloading of job site, the restriction of factors such as construction, the tray is retrieved the cycle longer, and the tray is destroyed very easily, cause the serious waste of tray resource, practice thrift the cost has been violated, the theory of low carbon environmental protection, and the brick pile of current no tray transports the technique, separate the tray, pile the brick pile that has the lifting hole with the brick sign indicating number, it is whole to utilize the strapping to tie up into, utilize fork truck to insert the lifting hole of brick pile, transport, the brick factory just can be to tray cyclic utilization like this, improve resource utilization.
Domestic most producer takes the tray to tie up the transportation when transporting the brick pillar, and partial producer adopts the transportation mode of tying up of exempting from the tray, but the vacancy position can only be discharged to the artifical pendulum in middle of the lifting hole, then the whole buttress of sign indicating number one-tenth after that, ties up the packing again, this not only very big influence production efficiency, extravagant manpower resources moreover, the problem that three kinds of pile up neatly modes of present extensive adoption exist: the manual stacking efficiency is low, the personnel cost is high, and the brick pile is unstable due to the manual error problem; the automatic mechanical stacking is adopted, most of the bricks which cannot be completely and automatically stacked are piled with lifting holes, vacant positions need to be reserved manually at the stacking lifting holes, and the principle mechanism adopted by the device which can be completely and automatically stacked with the lifting holes is different from that of the automatic mechanical stacking; the intelligent robot arm pile up neatly does not see the device that can sign indicating number the brick pillar that has the lifting hole at present.
The automatic concrete block stacking equipment with the patent number of CN 103213849B and the stacking process thereof comprise a plate stacking procedure, a primary block pushing procedure, a side block pushing procedure, a block rotating procedure, a secondary block pushing procedure and a block stacking procedure. The stacking process is suitable for relatively large concrete building blocks, default brick pushing cannot be realized on a brick layer due to the fact that a brick pushing mechanism is single, bricks cannot be automatically stacked into a brick pile with lifting holes, and the building block rotating process is not needed in the stacking process due to the fact that a current full-automatic blank stacking machine has the function of rotating 90 degrees for stacking.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a tray-free offline stacking device which is good in operation stability, reliable in stacking process and high in positioning accuracy and can automatically stack bricks into a brick pile with lifting holes.
The technical solution for realizing the purpose of the invention is as follows:
a tray-free offline stacking device comprises a tray returning machine, a primary brick pushing mechanism, a primary brick receiving platform, a secondary brick pushing mechanism, a secondary brick receiving platform, a tertiary brick pushing mechanism, a tertiary brick receiving platform, a full-automatic setting machine and a brick pile conveyor, wherein the primary brick pushing mechanism can push single-layer bricks from the tray returning machine to the primary brick receiving platform, the secondary brick pushing mechanism can push the single-layer bricks from the primary brick receiving platform to the secondary brick receiving platform, the tertiary brick pushing mechanism can push the single-layer bricks from the secondary brick receiving platform to the tertiary brick receiving platform, the full-automatic setting machine can clamp and convey the single-layer bricks from the tertiary brick receiving platform to the brick pile conveyor,
the third-time brick pushing mechanism comprises a third pushing block mechanism used for pushing bricks, the third pushing block mechanism comprises two movable pushing block plates and a plurality of third fixed pushing block plates, the two movable pushing block plates can rotate around the third pushing block mechanism to achieve an open state and a closed state, when the movable pushing block plates are in the open state, the movable pushing block plates do not contact with the corresponding rows of bricks when the bricks are pushed by the third pushing block mechanism, so that the pushing of the rows of bricks is not achieved, when the movable pushing block plates are in the closed state, the movable pushing block plates contact with the corresponding rows of bricks when the bricks are pushed by the third pushing block mechanism, so that the pushing of the rows of bricks is achieved, and when the bricks are pushed by the third pushing block mechanisms, the plurality of third fixed pushing block plates all contact with the corresponding rows of bricks, so that the pushing of bricks in the corresponding rows is achieved.
Furthermore, the third brick pushing mechanism further comprises a third fixed frame and a third travel oil cylinder, the third fixed frame comprises a plurality of stand columns, two cross beams and two side beams which are positioned at the tops of the stand columns, inner slide rails are symmetrically arranged on the inner sides of the two side beams, the third pushing block mechanism moves in the third fixed frame through a third side guide wheel on the side edge of the third pushing block mechanism, the third side guide wheel is matched with the inner slide rails, one end of the third travel oil cylinder is fixedly connected with one cross beam, and the other end of the third travel oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the third pushing block mechanism.
Furthermore, the third push block mechanism further comprises a fixed plate, a third upper guide wheel and two push plate cylinders, the third upper guide wheel is matched with upper guide rails on the upper portions of the two side beams, the two movable push block plates and the third fixed push block plates are located at the front ends of the fixed plate, the third fixed push block plates are fixedly connected with the fixed plate, the movable push block plates can rotate around the fixed plate through short pin shafts to achieve switching between an open state and a closed state, one end of each push plate cylinder is fixedly connected with the fixed plate, and the other end of each push plate cylinder is fixedly connected with the corresponding movable push block plate.
Further, full-automatic setting machine includes the rotatory setting tong of cross, hydraulic pressure elevating system, walking platform truck, setting machine main part frame and hydraulic pressure station, the rotatory setting tong of cross is connected with hydraulic pressure elevating system's bottom, hydraulic pressure elevating system and walking platform truck fixed connection, the walking platform truck sets up in setting machine main part frame and can remove along setting machine main part frame.
Further, rotatory sign indicating number base tong of cross all includes a pair of flexible tong transversely and vertically in the horizontally, it is every right flexible tong all can follow the clamp tightly of respective direction horizontal relative motion in order to realize the individual layer brick to be provided with the anti-skidding rubber slab parallel with this pair of flexible tong clamp brick face in the intermediate position of one of them pair of flexible tong, can prevent that the setting machine from holding the in-process because the long tenesmus that cause the intermediate bricks of individual layer brick range apart from dropping, and anti-skidding rubber slab width size is on the small side, can not cause and leave great space in the middle of the brick pillar and influence the brick pillar stability, finally transport the spacing stop area of brick pillar conveyer with the layer brick.
Further, the tray returning machine comprises a tray returning oil cylinder, a tray returning machine movable frame and a tray returning machine fixing frame, the tray returning machine movable frame moves in the tray returning machine fixing frame through an edge pulley matched with a slide rail on the inner side of the tray returning machine fixing frame, and the tray returning oil cylinder can drive the tray returning machine movable frame to move along the tray returning machine fixing frame.
Furthermore, the brick pile conveyor comprises a driven roller device, a conveying chain plate, a motor, a driving roller device and a pile conveyor frame, wherein the driven roller device and the driving roller device are sleeved in two ends of the conveying chain plate, and the motor drives the driving roller device to rotate so as to drive the conveying chain plate to rotate circularly.
Further, once push away brick mechanism and include first fixed frame, first stroke hydro-cylinder and first ejector pad mechanism, the anterior inboard symmetry of first fixed frame sets up the side slide rail, can supply the first side guide pulley horizontal walking of first ejector pad mechanism both sides, the rear portion upper surface symmetry of first fixed frame is equipped with first upper slide rail, can supply the first upper guide pulley walking of first ejector pad mechanism, first stroke hydro-cylinder one end and first fixed frame fixed connection, the other end and the first ejector pad mechanism of first stroke hydro-cylinder are connected, the front end of first ejector pad mechanism is provided with first fixed ejector pad board.
Further, the secondary connects the brick platform to include that the secondary connects brick platform frame, secondary to connect brick platform board, secondary to connect brick platform limit stop and secondary to connect brick platform light source proximity switch, the secondary connects the brick platform board to set up in the secondary connects on the brick platform frame, the secondary connect brick platform limit stop and secondary to connect brick platform light source proximity switch set up in the secondary connects the one end of brick platform board.
Further, the cubic connects brick platform includes fixed frame, movable rack, arm-tie cylinder, movable platform board and fixed platform board, the fixed platform board links firmly in fixed frame, and the movable platform board links firmly in the movable frame, the slide rail cooperation in walking guide pulley and the fixed frame both sides is installed to movable frame both sides, and arm-tie cylinder one end is connected with the fixed frame, and the other end and the movable frame of arm-tie cylinder are connected, the fixed platform board is in same height and the flexible movable platform board that can drive of arm-tie cylinder realizes butt joint and separation with the fixed platform board with the movable platform board.
The invention aims to explain a mechanical device for stacking bricks with lifting holes, particularly relates to a device for conveying trays and feeding layer bricks into a tray returning machine in a production flow, and a recovery device of the trays and a bundling, packaging and transporting process of the brick stacks are conventional flows and are not expanded in detail.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following remarkable advantages:
(1) the anti-skidding rubber plate is arranged in the middle of the setting clamp of the full-automatic setting machine and is used for assisting clamping, and the aim is to prevent bricks arranged in the middle from falling off due to longer arrangement distance of brick layers in the process of clamping layer bricks, so that the full-automatic setting machine is more reliable and efficient in conveying the layer bricks;
(2) the primary brick pushing mechanism and the secondary brick pushing mechanism are provided with the stroke oil cylinders, the displacement of the stroke oil cylinders can be accurately controlled, the pushing block mechanism can be driven to complete brick pushing actions, layer bricks can be conveyed to a designated position, the transverse and longitudinal gaps of brick layers are eliminated, the telescopic length of the stroke oil cylinders on the secondary brick pushing mechanism can be adjusted according to the change of the stacking layer number, the control is mainly realized by the signals of the proximity sensors at the limiting areas of the secondary brick receiving platforms, and finally, the layer bricks in different rows can accurately reach the limiting areas of the secondary brick receiving platforms;
(3) the pushing block mechanism on the tertiary brick pushing mechanism is provided with the fixed pushing block plate and the movable pushing block plate, two ends of the pushing block cylinder are respectively connected with the pushing block mechanism and the movable pushing block plate, the movable pushing block plate can be opened and closed through the stretching of the pushing block cylinder, different brick pushing effects are achieved when brick pushing actions are carried out, and the pushing block mechanism is a basis for realizing default stacking; the arranged stroke oil cylinder can carry out accurate displacement control and can accurately convey the layer bricks to the tertiary brick receiving platform;
(4) the back of the platform plate of the tertiary brick receiving platform is provided with a pull plate cylinder which is respectively connected with the fixed rack and the movable platform plate, the stretching of the pull plate cylinder can drive the layer bricks on the movable platform plate to move, and the layer bricks on the fixed platform plate of the fixed rack keep static, so that the brick layers are spaced at a limited distance, a proper position is reserved for the anti-skid rubber plate in the middle of the full-automatic blank stacking machine, and the clamping requirement of the full-automatic blank stacking machine is met;
(5) the automatic brick stacking machine can independently operate, automatically stack bricks into a brick pile with lifting holes, not only increases the recycling of the tray and improves the resource utilization rate, but also saves the personnel cost, lightens the labor intensity of workers, improves the automation degree of brick production, has high production efficiency, and is suitable for large-scale popularization.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a pallet-free off-line palletizing device according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the pallet returning machine of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a schematic top view of the brick pile conveyor of the present invention.
Figure 4 is a schematic side view of the brick pile conveyor of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a top view of the one-time brick pushing mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a front view of the one-time brick pushing mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 7 is a top view of the secondary brick pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a front view of the secondary brick pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a top view of the triple brick pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a front view of the triple brick pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a side view of the triple brick pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a top view of the secondary tile receiving platform of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a front view of the secondary tile receiving platform of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a partial structural schematic view of the third brick connecting platform of the invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a tertiary tile connecting platform of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of the movement of the movable platform plate on the triple brick receiving platform.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view of the full-automatic setting machine of the invention.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the structure of the pinch grip of the present invention.
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the triple brick pushing mechanism of the present invention performing default brick pushing.
FIG. 20 is a schematic illustration of a stacked brick pile according to example 1 of the present invention.
FIG. 21 is a schematic illustration of a stacked brick pile of example 2 of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures.
With reference to fig. 1, a pallet-free offline stacking device comprises a pallet returning machine 1, a primary brick pushing mechanism 2, a primary brick receiving platform 3, a secondary brick pushing mechanism 4, a secondary brick receiving platform 5, a tertiary brick pushing mechanism 6, a tertiary brick receiving platform 7, a full-automatic stacking machine 8 and a brick pile conveyor 9, wherein the primary brick pushing mechanism 2 can push single-layer bricks from the pallet returning machine 1 to the primary brick receiving platform 3, the secondary brick pushing mechanism 4 can push single-layer bricks from the primary brick receiving platform 3 to the secondary brick receiving platform 5, the tertiary brick pushing mechanism 6 can push single-layer bricks from the secondary brick receiving platform 5 to the tertiary brick receiving platform 7, the full-automatic brick stacking machine 8 can clamp and convey single-layer bricks from the tertiary brick receiving platform 7 to the brick pile conveyor 9,
the third brick pushing mechanism 6 includes a third brick pushing mechanism 63 for pushing bricks, the third brick pushing mechanism 63 includes two movable brick pushing plates 632 and a plurality of third fixed brick pushing plates 634, the two movable brick pushing plates 632 can rotate around the third brick pushing mechanism 63 to achieve an open state and a closed state, when the movable brick pushing plates 632 are in the open state, the movable brick pushing plates 632 do not contact with the corresponding row of bricks when the movable brick pushing plates 632 push bricks so as not to achieve pushing of the row of bricks, when the movable brick pushing plates 632 are in the closed state, the movable brick pushing plates 632 contact with the corresponding row of bricks when the movable brick pushing plates 63 push bricks so as to achieve pushing of the row of bricks, and when the third brick pushing mechanisms 63 push bricks, the plurality of third fixed brick pushing plates 634 all contact with the corresponding row of bricks so as to achieve pushing of the corresponding row of bricks.
With reference to fig. 9-11, the third brick pushing mechanism 6 further includes a third fixed frame 61 and a third travel cylinder 62, the third fixed frame 61 includes a plurality of vertical columns, two cross beams 611 and two side beams 612 which are located at tops of the vertical columns, inner slide rails are symmetrically disposed at inner sides of the two side beams 612, the third brick pushing mechanism 63 moves in the third fixed frame 61 through a third side guide wheel 637 which is located at a side of the third travel cylinder and is engaged with the inner slide rails, one end of the third travel cylinder 62 is fixedly connected with one cross beam 611, the other end of the third travel cylinder 62 is fixedly connected with the third brick pushing mechanism 63, the third brick pushing mechanism 63 further includes a fixed plate 636, a third upper guide wheel 633 and two brick pushing cylinders 631, the third upper guide wheel 633 is engaged with upper guide rails at upper portions of the two side beams 612, the two movable brick pushing plates 632 and the plurality of third fixed pushing plates 634 are located at front ends of the fixed plate 636, the plurality of third fixed pushing plates 634 are fixedly connected to the fixing plate 636, the movable pushing plate 632 can rotate around the fixing plate 636 by a short pin 635 to switch between an open state and a closed state, one end of each pushing plate cylinder 631 is fixedly connected to the fixing plate 636, and the other end of each pushing plate cylinder 631 is fixedly connected to the corresponding movable pushing plate 632. The third brick pushing mechanism 6 can specifically set the number and the positions of the movable pushing plate 632 and the fixed pushing plate 634 according to the needs of the layer brick.
With reference to fig. 17 to 18, the full-automatic setting machine 8 includes a cross-shaped rotary setting clamping hand 81, a hydraulic lifting mechanism 82, a traveling trolley 83, a setting machine main body frame 84, and a hydraulic station 85, the cross-shaped rotary setting clamping hand 81 is connected to a bottom end of the hydraulic lifting mechanism 82, the hydraulic lifting mechanism 82 is fixedly connected to the traveling trolley 83, the traveling trolley 83 is disposed on the setting machine main body frame 84 and can move along the setting machine main body frame 84, the cross-shaped rotary setting clamping hand 81 includes a pair of telescopic clamping hands 812 in horizontal transverse direction and vertical direction, each pair of telescopic clamping hands 812 can horizontally move relatively in respective direction to clamp a single-layer brick, and an anti-skid rubber plate 811 parallel to a brick clamping surface of the pair of telescopic clamping hands 812 is disposed in a middle position of one pair of the telescopic clamping hands 812.
With reference to fig. 2, the tray returning machine 1 includes a tray returning cylinder 11, a tray returning machine movable frame 12, and a tray returning machine fixed frame 13, the tray returning machine movable frame 12 realizes movement in the tray returning machine fixed frame 13 through an edge pulley 121 that is matched with an inner side slide of the tray returning machine fixed frame 13, and the tray returning cylinder 11 can drive the tray returning machine movable frame 12 to move along the tray returning machine fixed frame 13.
With reference to fig. 3-4, the brick pile conveyor 9 includes a driven roller device 91, a conveying chain plate 92, a motor, a driving roller device 93 and a stacker conveyor frame 94, the driven roller device 91 and the driving roller device 93 are sleeved in two ends of the conveying chain plate 92, and the motor drives the driving roller device 93 to rotate so as to drive the conveying chain plate 92 to rotate circularly.
With reference to fig. 5-6, the primary brick pushing mechanism 2 includes a first fixed frame 21, a first stroke cylinder 22 and a first block pushing mechanism 23, wherein side slide rails 211 are symmetrically disposed on the inner side of the front portion of the first fixed frame 21, and are used for horizontal movement of first side guide wheels 233 on two sides of the first block pushing mechanism 23, first upper slide rails 212 are symmetrically disposed on the upper surface of the rear portion of the first fixed frame 21 and are used for horizontal movement of first upper guide wheels 231 of the first block pushing mechanism 23, one end of the first stroke cylinder 22 is fixedly connected to the first fixed frame 21, the other end of the first stroke cylinder 22 is connected to the first block pushing mechanism 23, and a first fixed block pushing plate 232 is disposed at the front end of the first block pushing mechanism 23.
With reference to fig. 7-8, the secondary brick pushing mechanism 4 has a structure similar to that of the primary brick pushing mechanism 2, and includes a second fixed frame 41, a second stroke cylinder 42 and a second block pushing mechanism 43, wherein the second stroke cylinder 42 extends and retracts to drive the second block pushing mechanism 43 to implement block pushing.
Combine fig. 12-13, the secondary connects brick platform 5 to include that the secondary connects brick platform frame 51, secondary to connect brick platform board 53, secondary to connect brick platform limit stop 52 and secondary to connect brick platform light source proximity switch 10, the secondary connects brick platform board 53 to set up in the secondary connects brick platform frame 51, the secondary connect brick platform limit stop 52 and secondary to connect brick platform light source proximity switch 10 set up in the secondary connects the one end of brick platform board 53.
The structure of the primary brick receiving platform 3 is similar to that of the secondary brick receiving platform 5, and the arrangement position and the size can be adjusted adaptively.
Combine fig. 14, brick platform 7 is connect including fixed frame 71, movable frame 72, arm-tie cylinder 73, movable platform board 74 and fixed platform board 75 to the cubic, fixed platform board 75 links firmly on fixed frame 71, and movable platform board 74 links firmly on movable frame 72, the slide rail cooperation in walking guide wheel 721 and the fixed frame 71 both sides is installed to movable frame 72 both sides, and arm-tie cylinder 73 one end is connected with fixed frame 71, and the other end and the movable frame 72 of arm-tie cylinder 73 are connected, fixed platform board 75 is in same height and the flexible of arm-tie cylinder 73 can drive movable platform board 74 and fixed platform board 75 realization butt joint and separation.
Fig. 15-16 show a schematic diagram of a brick receiving of the third-time brick receiving platform 7, referring to fig. 15, after a single-layer brick is pushed onto the third-time brick receiving platform 7, part of the brick is located on the fixed platform plate 75, part of the brick is located on the movable platform plate 74, and the boundary between the fixed platform plate 75 and the movable platform plate 74 is also the boundary between two rows of bricks, referring to fig. 16, at this time, the pulling plate cylinder 73 drives the movable platform plate 74 to move rightward for a short distance, so that the two parts of bricks are separated for a short distance to form a gap, and the anti-skid rubber plate 811 of the full-automatic blank stacking machine 8 can conveniently stretch into the gap to complete clamping.
The palletizing process of the device is described in detail as follows:
a brick stacking method for reserving through holes is used for stacking M rows and N rows of single-layer bricks, wherein M is more than or equal to 5, N is more than or equal to 2, and M, N has a value which enables the overall outline of the single-layer bricks to be closest to a square, and the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: removing gaps of a first layer of single-layer bricks, closely contacting the treated bricks, referring to fig. 1, enabling the single-layer bricks placed on a tray to enter from the front position of a tray returning machine 1, enabling the tray and the layer bricks on the tray to be placed on a movable frame 12 of the tray returning machine, enabling a tray returning oil cylinder 11 to drive the movable frame 12 of the tray returning machine to move towards a limit stop area of the tray returning machine 1, enabling a light source at the position to approach a switch to act when the single-layer bricks with the tray reach the limit stop area of the tray returning machine, enabling the tray returning oil cylinder 11 to stop, enabling the layer bricks on the tray and the layer bricks on the tray to accurately stop, enabling a brick pushing mechanism 2 to act once, pushing the layer bricks to a brick receiving platform 3 once, eliminating transverse gaps of brick layers, enabling the tray to be left on the tray returning machine 1 to separate the tray and the layer bricks, enabling the layer bricks to wait for next brick pushing operation, and enabling the tray to be sent to the lower position by the tray returning, waiting for the recovery of the tray, the layer brick reaches the primary brick receiving platform 3,
at the moment, the second stroke oil cylinder 42 on the secondary brick pushing mechanism 4 starts to drive the second pushing block mechanism 43 to move, the layer brick is pushed to the secondary brick receiving platform 5 (namely, a hole reserving module), when the brick layer reaches a limiting area of the secondary brick receiving platform 5, the light source at the position approaches the switch 10 to act, the second stroke oil cylinder 42 of the secondary brick pushing mechanism 4 is controlled to stop, the layer brick reaches a designated position, the longitudinal clearance of the layer brick is eliminated, the limit stop block 52 can prevent the layer brick from being out of position, the next brick pushing operation is waited, and the clearance removing treatment of the layer brick is completed at the moment;
then the first layer of single-layer bricks are conveyed into the third layer of brick receiving platform 7 from the second layer of brick receiving platform 5 through the third layer of brick pushing mechanism 6, at the moment, as shown in the figure 9-11, a pushing plate cylinder 631 on the third layer of brick pushing mechanism 6 keeps extending, a movable pushing plate 632 is vertically flush with a third fixed pushing plate 634, a third travel oil cylinder 62 drives a third pushing block mechanism 63 to move, the whole layer of bricks are pushed to the third layer of brick receiving platform 7, the first layer of single-layer bricks are clamped to a brick pile conveyor 9 through a full-automatic brick stacking machine 8 (the third layer of brick receiving platform 7, the full-automatic brick stacking machine 8 and the brick pile conveyor 9 form a pile up module together), a pile clamp 812 of the full-automatic brick stacking machine 8 transversely and longitudinally struts and runs downwards to be close to the layer of bricks, an anti-skid rubber plate 811 is embedded into a gap in the middle of the layer of bricks, the pile clamp starts to fold and tightly hold the layer of bricks, the layer of bricks are clamped and conveyed to the stop area of the brick pile conveyor, at the moment, the brick pile conveyor 9 is in a stacking waiting stage and keeps static, and the stacking of the first layer of single-layer bricks is realized at the moment;
step two: determining the number of brick layers of the reserved hole, wherein the number of the brick layers of the reserved hole is from the No. P layer to the No. P + Q layer, P is more than or equal to 2, and Q is more than or equal to 0;
step three: if P is more than 2, executing the fourth step, otherwise executing the seventh step;
step four: removing gaps of the sent second layer of single-layer bricks, enabling the treated bricks to be in close contact with each other, then sending the second layer of single-layer bricks into the hole reserving module, then sending the second layer of single-layer bricks into the stacking module from the hole reserving module, integrally rotating the second layer of single-layer bricks by 90 degrees through the full-automatic blank stacking machine 8, and then stacking the second layer of single-layer bricks on the first layer of single-layer bricks to realize stacking of the second layer of single-layer bricks;
step five: keeping the stacking mode of the single-layer bricks of the odd-numbered layers the same as that of the first layer, and keeping the stacking mode of the single-layer bricks of the even-numbered layers the same as that of the second layer until stacking to the P-1 st layer;
step six: the P layer individual layer brick that will send comes carries out the processing of going the crack, and in close contact with between the fragment of brick after the processing, later send into the P layer individual layer brick secondary and connect brick platform 5, stays the A of P layer individual layer brick and B row brick secondary and connect brick platform 5 and push the secondary and connect the buffer zone of brick platform 5, and the brick of all the other rows normally sends into the cubic and connects brick platform 7, specifically is: referring to fig. 19, the pushing plate cylinder 631 of the third pushing block mechanism 63 retracts to open the movable pushing block plate 632, so that the movable pushing block plate is distributed at 90 degrees to the third fixed pushing block plate 634, and then the third stroke cylinder 62 drives the third pushing block mechanism 63 to act, so that the brick layer can be pushed to the third brick receiving platform 7 in the form of default rows a and B of bricks (referring to fig. 19, two rows of bricks are not pushed but left in place because the movable pushing block plate 632 is opened in the figure), and a layer P of single-layer bricks sent to the third brick receiving platform 7 are stacked on a layer P-1 of single-layer bricks, where a and B are not adjacent, and step eight is executed;
step seven: carrying out gap removal treatment on the delivered second layer of single-layer bricks, enabling the treated bricks to be in close contact with each other, then delivering the second layer of single-layer bricks into a hole reserving module, reserving the A-th and B-th rows of bricks of the second layer of single-layer bricks in the hole reserving module and pushing the A-th and B-th rows of bricks into a buffer area of the hole reserving module, normally delivering the rest rows of bricks into a stacking module, stacking the second layer of single-layer bricks delivered to the stacking module on the first layer of single-layer bricks, wherein the A and the B are not adjacent (the mode is the same as the sixth step);
step eight: if Q is 0, the stacking of the hole retaining layer is finished at the moment; if Q is larger than or equal to 1, continuing stacking the bricks of the hole-reserving layer, and keeping the stacking mode of the bricks from the P +1 th layer to the P + Q th layer to be the same as that of the P + Q th layer until the stacking of the P + Q th layer is finished, thereby finishing the stacking of the hole-reserving layer;
step nine: and continuously stacking the bricks above the hole layer, keeping the stacking mode of the P + Q +1 th layer to be the same as that of the P-1 st layer, and stacking the bricks of the P + Q +1 th layer which are adjacent upwards by staggering 90 degrees until the last layer of bricks is stacked, so that the stacking of the first stack of bricks is completed. Brick pillar conveyer 9 is accomplished the back in the brick pillar that has the lifting hole, enters into the brick pillar and carries the stage, and at the uniform velocity motion transports whole good brick pillar to tying up the packing district, ties up the packing and accomplishes the back, and fork truck inserts brick pillar lifting hole and transports out.
Further, the method further comprises the step ten of: and completing the stacking of the second stack of bricks according to the steps from the first step to the ninth step, wherein the buffer area of the hole reserving module is provided with 2 x (Q +1) rows of bricks.
Further, the method further comprises the step eleven: and (4) continuing to stack the single-layer bricks according to the first step to the ninth step until the number of rows of bricks in the buffer area of the hole reserving module is not less than M, stopping conveying the bricks at the moment, taking out M rows of bricks in the buffer area of the hole reserving module, stacking the M rows of single-layer bricks taken out from the buffer area of the hole reserving module, and continuing to convey the bricks after stacking is completed, wherein the step is to process the bricks which are left in the buffer area before.
Further, the bricks of the perforated layer adjust the gap between the rows of bricks of the layer of bricks when stacking the bricks so that each row of bricks has a support point when the bricks of the non-perforated layer are stacked on the bricks of the perforated layer (preventing the bricks of the non-perforated layer on the perforated layer from falling from the through holes of the perforated layer).
The palletization process is shown below in two specific examples:
example 1:
to stack floor tiles of size 200 x 100 x 60, each tile layer was designed with 6 rows and 12 columns (to ensure the overall profile of the tile layer is square), and the tile size after gap removal was 1200 x 1200. In order to make the directions of the hole-remaining layer, the bottommost layer and the topmost layer consistent, sixteen layers are arranged, and through holes are reserved in the fourth layer and the fifth layer.
The steps when stacking the first stack of bricks are as follows:
a first layer of bricks: and sending the bricks to the gap removing module, eliminating gaps among the bricks by the gap removing module, sending the bricks to the hole reserving module, sending the bricks of the hole reserving module to the stacking module, and stacking the bricks in the stacking module.
And (3) second layer bricks: the brick is sent to the gap removing module, the gap between the bricks is eliminated by the gap removing module, the brick is sent to the hole reserving module, the brick of the hole reserving module is sent to the stacking module, the direction of the brick on the stacking module is rotated by 90 degrees, and the bricks in the stacking module are stacked.
The third layer of bricks is consistent with the first layer of bricks.
A fourth layer of bricks: and sending the bricks to a gap removing module, eliminating gaps among the bricks by the gap removing module, sending the bricks to a hole reserving module, adjusting the gaps among the bricks, and moving the third and fourth rows of bricks for a distance in the direction away from the symmetrical center of the brick pile. And reserving the second row and the fifth row in the brick hole reserving module, sending the first row, the third row, the fourth row and the sixth row of bricks to the stacking module, and then storing the second row and the fifth row of bricks in a buffer area. And moving the first row of bricks and the sixth row of bricks for a certain distance towards the direction close to the symmetry center. At this time, both sides of the brick on the upper layer of the through hole are provided with supporting points, and displacement cannot occur.
A fifth layer brick: in line with the fourth course of bricks.
A sixth layer of bricks: consistent with the first course of bricks.
A seventh layer of bricks: in line with the second course of bricks.
……
Sixteenth layer brick: consistent with the first course of bricks.
The first pack is finished with the shape shown in figure 20, where the buffer has four rows of bricks.
The steps when stacking the second stack of bricks are as follows:
first to fourth courses of bricks: in line with the steps of stacking the first to fourth courses of bricks of the first stack.
A fifth layer brick: and taking out six rows of redundant bricks from the buffer area, sending the redundant bricks into the hole reserving module, adjusting the gap of the bricks, reserving the second row and the fifth row in situ, sending the first row, the third row, the fourth row and the sixth row of bricks to the stacking module, storing the second row and the fifth row of bricks into the buffer area, and stacking the bricks in the stacking module.
Sixth to sixteenth layer of bricks: in accordance with the steps of stacking the sixth to sixteenth courses of bricks of the first stack.
The second pile of bricks is finished stacking, and at this time, two rows of bricks are arranged in the buffer area.
The step of stacking the third pile of the sixth layer bricks is different from the step of stacking the first pile of the sixth layer bricks, and the steps are as follows:
six rows of bricks are arranged in the buffer area after the first layer of bricks to the fifth layer of bricks are stacked, more than or equal to six rows of the bricks are arranged, the six rows of redundant bricks are taken out of the buffer area and sent into the hole reserving module, the bricks of the hole reserving module are sent to the stacking module, and the bricks in the stacking module are stacked.
Seventh to sixteenth layer of bricks: in accordance with the steps of stacking the seventh to sixteenth courses of bricks of the first brick stack.
The third stack is finished stacking, when the buffer area has no bricks.
It follows that every third stack is a cycle.
Example 2:
for stacking a standard brick of size 238 x 51 x 113, 5 rows and 12 columns of bricks per layer were designed, and the brick size 1190 x 1122 after removing the gaps. In order to make the directions of the hole-reserving layer, the bottommost layer and the topmost layer consistent, nine layers are arranged in total, and through holes are reserved on the second layer.
The steps when stacking the first stack of bricks are as follows:
a first layer of bricks: and sending the bricks to the gap removing module, eliminating gaps among the bricks by the gap removing module, sending the bricks to the hole reserving module, sending the bricks of the hole reserving module to the stacking module, and stacking the bricks in the stacking module.
And (3) second layer bricks: and sending the bricks to a gap removing module, eliminating gaps among the bricks by the gap removing module, sending the bricks to a hole reserving module, arranging the second row and the fourth row of bricks in situ, sending the first row, the third row and the fifth row of bricks to a stacking module, adjusting the gaps among the bricks, keeping the third row of bricks from moving, and moving the first row and the fifth row of bricks for a certain distance in the direction close to the symmetrical center. At this time, the brick on the upper layer of the through hole can ensure that one side of the brick has a supporting point, the brick can not fall off under the action of the friction force of the same layer of brick on the brick, and the position of the brick can be corrected under the action of the pressure of the upper layer of brick. And then storing the second row and the fifth row of bricks into a buffer area, and stacking the bricks in the stacking module.
And a third layer of bricks: consistent with the first course of bricks.
A fourth layer of bricks: the brick is sent to the gap removing module, the gap between the bricks is eliminated by the gap removing module, the brick is sent to the hole reserving module, the brick of the hole reserving module is sent to the stacking module, the direction of the brick on the stacking module is rotated by 90 degrees, and the bricks in the stacking module are stacked.
A fifth layer brick: consistent with the first course of bricks.
A sixth layer of bricks: in line with the fourth course of bricks.
……
A ninth layer of bricks: in line with the first layer.
The first pack is finished with the shape shown in figure 21, when there are two rows of bricks in the buffer.
The procedure for stacking the second stack of bricks is identical to the procedure for stacking the first stack of bricks. When the second pile of bricks is finished stacking, the buffer area is provided with four rows of bricks.
The step of stacking the third layer of bricks is different from the step of stacking the first layer of bricks, and the steps are as follows:
after the first layer of bricks and the second layer of bricks are stacked, six rows of bricks are arranged in the buffer area, more than or equal to five rows of the coming bricks, five rows of redundant bricks are taken out of the buffer area and sent into the hole reserving module, the bricks of the hole reserving module are sent to the stacking module, and the bricks in the stacking module are stacked.
Fourth layer brick to ninth layer brick: in accordance with the steps of stacking the fourth to ninth courses of bricks of the first brick stack.
And the third stack of bricks is finished stacking, and at this time, a row of bricks is arranged in the buffer area.
The procedure for stacking the fourth brick stack is identical to the procedure for stacking the first brick stack. When the fourth pile of bricks is finished stacking, the buffer area has three rows of bricks.
The procedure for stacking the fifth stack of bricks is identical to the procedure for stacking the third stack of bricks. When the third stack of bricks is finished stacking, the buffer area has no bricks.
It follows that every five stacks is a cycle.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (9)

1. A pallet-free offline stacking device is characterized by comprising a pallet returning machine (1), a primary brick pushing mechanism (2), a primary brick receiving platform (3), a secondary brick pushing mechanism (4), a secondary brick receiving platform (5), a tertiary brick pushing mechanism (6), a tertiary brick receiving platform (7), a full-automatic stacking machine (8) and a brick pile conveyor (9), wherein the primary brick pushing mechanism (2) can push single-layer bricks from the pallet returning machine (1) to the primary brick receiving platform (3), the secondary brick pushing mechanism (4) can push single-layer bricks from the primary brick receiving platform (3) to the secondary brick receiving platform (5), the tertiary brick pushing mechanism (6) can push single-layer bricks from the secondary brick receiving platform (5) to the tertiary brick receiving platform (7), and the full-automatic stacking machine (8) can clamp and convey the single-layer bricks from the tertiary brick receiving platform (7) to the brick pile conveyor (9),
the third brick pushing mechanism (6) comprises a third pushing block mechanism (63) for pushing bricks, the third pushing block mechanism (63) comprises two movable pushing block plates (632) and a plurality of third fixed pushing block plates (634), the two movable pushing block plates (632) can rotate around the third pushing block mechanism (63) to achieve an open state and a closed state, when the movable pushing block plates (632) are in the open state, the movable pushing block plates (632) do not contact with the bricks in the corresponding row when pushing the bricks by the third pushing block mechanism (63) so as not to achieve pushing of the row of bricks, when the movable pushing block plates (632) are in the closed state, the movable pushing block plates (632) contact with the bricks in the corresponding row when pushing the bricks so as to achieve pushing of the row of bricks by the third pushing block mechanism (63), and the plurality of third fixed pushing block plates (634) all contact with the bricks in the corresponding row when the third pushing block mechanism (63) pushes the bricks so as to achieve pushing of the bricks in the corresponding row,
brick platform (7) is connect to the cubic includes fixed frame (71), movable frame (72), arm-tie cylinder (73), movable platform board (74) and fixed platform board (75), fixed platform board (75) link firmly on fixed frame (71), and movable platform board (74) link firmly on movable frame (72), the slide rail cooperation in walking guide pulley (721) and fixed frame (71) both sides is installed to movable frame (72) both sides, and arm-tie cylinder (73) one end is connected with fixed frame (71), and the other end and the movable frame (72) of arm-tie cylinder (73) are connected, fixed platform board (75) are in same height and the flexible of arm-tie cylinder (73) can drive movable platform board (74) and fixed platform board (75) and realize butt joint and separation.
2. The device according to claim 1, wherein the third brick pushing mechanism (6) further comprises a third fixed frame (61) and a third stroke cylinder (62), the third fixed frame (61) comprises a plurality of columns, and two cross beams (611) and two side beams (612) which are positioned at the tops of the columns, inner slide rails are symmetrically arranged on the inner sides of the two side beams (612), the third block pushing mechanism (63) realizes the movement in the third fixed frame (61) through a third side guide wheel (637) which is arranged on the side edge of the third block pushing mechanism and matched with the inner slide rails, one end of the third stroke cylinder (62) is fixedly connected with one cross beam (611), and the other end of the third stroke cylinder (62) is fixedly connected with the third block pushing mechanism (63).
3. The device according to claim 2, wherein the third pusher mechanism (63) further comprises a fixed plate (636), a third upper guide wheel (633) and two push plate cylinders (631), the third upper guide wheel (633) is matched with the upper guide rails at the upper parts of the two side beams (612), the two movable push plate plates (632) and a plurality of third fixed push plate plates (634) are positioned at the front end of the fixing plate (636), the plurality of third fixed push plate plates (634) are fixedly connected with the fixing plate (636), the movable push plate (632) can rotate around the fixing plate (636) through a short pin shaft (635) to realize the switching of the opening and closing states, one end of each push plate cylinder (631) is fixedly connected with the fixing plate (636), the other end of the push plate cylinder (631) is fixedly connected with the corresponding movable push plate (632).
4. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the full-automatic setting machine (8) comprises a cross rotary setting clamping hand (81), a hydraulic lifting mechanism (82), a traveling trolley (83), a setting machine main body frame (84) and a hydraulic station (85), wherein the cross rotary setting clamping hand (81) is connected with the bottom end of the hydraulic lifting mechanism (82), the hydraulic lifting mechanism (82) is fixedly connected with the traveling trolley (83), and the traveling trolley (83) is arranged on the setting machine main body frame (84) and can move along the setting machine main body frame (84).
5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the cross rotary sign blank clamping hand (81) comprises a pair of telescopic clamping hands (812) in horizontal transverse direction and longitudinal direction, each pair of telescopic clamping hands (812) can move horizontally and oppositely along respective direction to realize clamping of single-layer bricks, and a non-slip rubber plate (811) parallel to the brick clamping face of the pair of telescopic clamping hands (812) is arranged in the middle position of one pair of telescopic clamping hands (812).
6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the pallet returning machine (1) comprises a pallet returning cylinder (11), a pallet returning machine movable frame (12) and a pallet returning machine fixed frame (13), the pallet returning machine movable frame (12) realizes the movement in the pallet returning machine fixed frame (13) through an edge pulley (121) matched with a slideway on the inner side of the pallet returning machine fixed frame (13), and the pallet returning cylinder (11) can drive the pallet returning machine movable frame (12) to move along the pallet returning machine fixed frame (13).
7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the brick pile conveyor (9) comprises a driven roller device (91), a conveying chain plate (92), a motor, a driving roller device (93) and a stacker conveyor frame (94), wherein the driven roller device (91) and the driving roller device (93) are sleeved in two ends of the conveying chain plate (92), and the motor drives the driving roller device (93) to rotate so as to drive the conveying chain plate (92) to rotate circularly.
8. The device according to claim 7, wherein the primary brick pushing mechanism (2) comprises a first fixed frame (21), a first stroke cylinder (22) and a first block pushing mechanism (23), wherein side slide rails (211) are symmetrically arranged on the inner side of the front portion of the first fixed frame (21) and can be used for first side guide wheels (233) on two sides of the first block pushing mechanism (23) to horizontally travel, first upper slide rails (212) are symmetrically arranged on the upper surface of the rear portion of the first fixed frame (21) and can be used for first upper guide wheels (231) of the first block pushing mechanism (23) to travel, one end of the first stroke cylinder (22) is fixedly connected with the first fixed frame (21), the other end of the first stroke cylinder (22) is connected with the first block pushing mechanism (23), and a first fixed block pushing plate (232) is arranged at the front end of the first block pushing mechanism (23).
9. The device according to claim 8, wherein the secondary brick receiving platform (5) comprises a secondary brick receiving platform frame (51), a secondary brick receiving platform plate (53), a secondary brick receiving platform limit stop (52) and a secondary brick receiving platform light source proximity switch (10), wherein the secondary brick receiving platform plate (53) is arranged on the secondary brick receiving platform frame (51), and the secondary brick receiving platform limit stop (52) and the secondary brick receiving platform light source proximity switch (10) are arranged at one end of the secondary brick receiving platform plate (53).
CN201811514840.4A 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Tray-free offline stacking device Active CN109665329B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01192620A (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-02 Kuchiku Kogyo Kk Cubic heat-resistant brick pile delivering device
CN201353828Y (en) * 2009-03-04 2009-12-02 杨正光 Double-board circulation fully-automatic palletizer
CN204980403U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 北京瑞图科技发展有限公司 No tray building block pile up neatly system
CN205998658U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-08 江苏腾宇机械制造有限公司 A kind of automatic hydraulic stacking machine
KR20170039625A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-04-11 박종호 An automatic loading system of an article of manufacture having a hexahedral shape
CN105858237B (en) * 2014-11-25 2017-12-01 泉州市万昌机械制造有限公司 Stack bricks method
CN207209429U (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-04-10 福建泉工股份有限公司 One kind pushes away brick stacking production line

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01192620A (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-02 Kuchiku Kogyo Kk Cubic heat-resistant brick pile delivering device
CN201353828Y (en) * 2009-03-04 2009-12-02 杨正光 Double-board circulation fully-automatic palletizer
CN105858237B (en) * 2014-11-25 2017-12-01 泉州市万昌机械制造有限公司 Stack bricks method
CN204980403U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 北京瑞图科技发展有限公司 No tray building block pile up neatly system
CN205998658U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-08 江苏腾宇机械制造有限公司 A kind of automatic hydraulic stacking machine
KR20170039625A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-04-11 박종호 An automatic loading system of an article of manufacture having a hexahedral shape
CN207209429U (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-04-10 福建泉工股份有限公司 One kind pushes away brick stacking production line

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