CN105858237B - Stack bricks method - Google Patents

Stack bricks method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105858237B
CN105858237B CN201610375614.7A CN201610375614A CN105858237B CN 105858237 B CN105858237 B CN 105858237B CN 201610375614 A CN201610375614 A CN 201610375614A CN 105858237 B CN105858237 B CN 105858237B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
row
layer
device
piled bricks
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610375614.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105858237A (en
Inventor
傅军强
Original Assignee
泉州市万昌机械制造有限公司
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Application filed by 泉州市万昌机械制造有限公司 filed Critical 泉州市万昌机械制造有限公司
Priority to CN201610375614.7A priority Critical patent/CN105858237B/en
Priority to CN201410684952.XA priority patent/CN104444395B/en
Publication of CN105858237A publication Critical patent/CN105858237A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105858237B publication Critical patent/CN105858237B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/32Stacking of articles characterised by stacking during transit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/50Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention proposes the method that stacks bricks, and brick layer is reduced into an at least row or a row relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer;Corresponding brick layer is rotated predetermined angular by brick rotating device relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, and shaping piled bricks is more stable;Palletizing apparatus is while can enumerate the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, the brick layer of the row of reduction or row is pulled open, space is formed between adjacent row or row, enumerated again, after mould brick pile is packaged, toter insertion crawl is easy in space, such as when with two spaces, is available for two limbs of fork truck to insert and is carried.Thus, the present invention stacks bricks, and quality is good, and efficiency high, shaping piled bricks is easy to the toters such as fork truck to be transported, and mechanization, automaticity are high, adapts to various brick and brick forming machine, practical.

Description

Stack bricks method

Present patent application is Chinese Patent Application No. 201410684952X divisional application, the application number of original application For 201410684952X, the applying date is on November 25th, 2014, the entitled offline streamline and based on whole piece of stacking bricks automatically The method that stacks bricks of streamline.

Technical field

Transport and the apparatus field that stacks bricks after being molded the present invention relates to brick, and in particular to stack bricks method.

Background technology

The forming machine of brick has been known, as Chinese invention patent CN201110163868.X discloses a kind of green brick forming machine, The lower mold holder assembled including frame and thereon, described lower mold holder are provided with the mould for green brick forming, described mould bag Die bottom plate is included, described green brick forming machine also includes being used for the shake table for transmitting vibration force to die bottom plate, described vibration Platform includes vibration force output end, is provided between described die bottom plate and the vibration force output end of shake table and is used to pass both The open-and-close mechanism for disconnecting transmission is vibrated and is mutually disengaged in dynamic cooperation together, and described open-and-close mechanism, which has, to be used for and die bottom plate top Press with the transmission device of clutch and provided for the transmission device ligand of driving force.Described transmission device is included in institute State shock-absorbing spring and the biography for coordinating with the shock-absorbing spring pushing tow that the lower section of die bottom plate is set gradually along the vertical direction Power bar, described ligand are included in rolling assembling on the shake table and the horizontally extending rotary shaft of pivot center, Described rotary shaft is along its circumferentially distributed mating surface having for being driven with the transmission rod pushing tow and departs from the de- of disconnection transmission From face, one end of described rotary shaft is provided with the moment of torsion input section for being used for moment of torsion input.Described mating surface and the length in disengaging face Bearing of trend is spent all along the axially extending of the rotary shaft, and described disengaging face and mating surface there are two and along the rotations respectively The pivot center of axle is symmetrical.Cross sectional shape of the described mating surface along the pivot center perpendicular to the rotary shaft is arc Shape, cross sectional shape of the described disengaging face along the pivot center perpendicular to the rotary shaft be linear, described mating surface and The distance between pivot center of the rotary shaft be more than it is described depart between face and the pivot center of the rotary shaft away from From.The both ends of the transmission rod have plastic shim.The moment of torsion input section of described rotary shaft is connected with for controlling institute State rotary shaft and rotate around it the cylinder that axis rotates.Lead is provided with described frame along the vertical direction, it is described Lower mold holder is connected is arranged on described lead in the horizontal direction, and guiding movement is assemblied in institute to described mould along the vertical direction It is square to offer the insertion mould upper and lower sides and cross sectional shape on the lower mold holder stated, in described mould along the vertical direction Forming cavity, described die bottom plate are equipped with described forming cavity by gap.

The invention as other brick forming machines of in the market, after brick shaping will substantially by phoresying, shift and Palletization operations, tradition all use manual operations, and in the market also has the machinery appearance that some phoresy class, such as Chinese invention patent in recent years CN 201310212511.5 discloses a kind of wall tile press board transport mechanism, the wall tile press board transport mechanism include conveyer belt with And template storage box, it is penetrating above and below the template storage box and be placed in above conveyer belt one end, it is stacked with the template storage box Some ceramic tile templates, the conveyor surface of the conveyer belt is divided into some transportation sections for having certain interval from each other, described The length of transportation section is consistent with the length of ceramic tile template.For another example Chinese invention patent CN201110431706.X discloses a kind of automatic Stacking machine stacks bricks mechanism, including the chassis being fixed on automatic stacking machine, is rotatably connected on chassis and drives water by power set The dynamic turntable of flat turn, rotation supporting plate and translation supporting plate laterally side by side are connected with turntable, rotation supporting plate is by turntable Rotary power unit driving horizontally rotate, translation supporting plate by turntable translation power set driving transverse translation lean on Hold together or away from rotation supporting plate, the outside portion for rotating supporting plate is equipped with longitudinally disposed baffle plate, and the front side portion for rotating supporting plate is also fixed with The baffle plate laterally set, the disappearing seam push pedal on the outside of translation supporting plate is also slidably connected on chassis, disappear seam push pedal by installed in The seam power set driving that disappears on chassis.Rotating shaft is rotatably connected on the turntable, the bottom of the rotation supporting plate, which is packed in, to be turned On axle, the bottom of rotating shaft is equipped with crank, and the rotary power unit is hinge mounted in turntable bottom and the promotion of stretching tilted backwards Oil cylinder, the piston rod and crank for promoting oil cylinder are hinged.On the turntable be equipped with positioned at rotating shaft rear and with crank horizontal level pair The postive stop baffle answered.Support wheel is rotatably connected on the turntable, translation supporting plate is overlapped on support wheel, translates the front and rear of supporting plate Both sides are connected with the limiting plate for being fitted in sidepiece before and after turntable respectively, the translation power set be packed in it is flat on turntable Oil cylinder is moved, the piston rod of translation oil cylinder and the bottom for translating supporting plate are affixed.The seam power set that disappear are on chassis Disappear seam oil cylinder, and the piston rod for the seam oil cylinder that disappears and the lateral surface for the seam push pedal that disappears are affixed, are also fixed with chassis positioned at the seam oil cylinder two that disappears Side and symmetrically arranged sleeve, the lateral surface for the seam push pedal that disappears are equipped with the lead being slidably connected in sleeve.The transportation section Between gap in be equipped with the block positioned at transportation section both sides.The height of the block and the consistency of thickness of ceramic tile template.But It is that this kind of mechanical structure is excessively coarse, the effect of phoresying and stack bricks that can reach in practice is unsatisfactory, the brick adapted to With brick forming machine narrow range, mechanization, automaticity deficiency, hand fit is often also needed to, efficiency is low, poor practicability.

In consideration of it, inventor furthers investigate to above mentioned problem, there is this case generation then.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of step simple and clear, can efficiently realize that the quality that stacks bricks is good, efficiency high, and into Shaped brick pile is easy to the toters such as fork truck to be transported, and mechanization, automaticity are high, is suitable for various brick and brick shaping Machine, the practical method that stacks bricks.

In order to achieve the above object, technical scheme as present invention use:

Stack bricks method, comprises the following steps:

(1) using the piled bricks to the supply of piled bricks apparatus for shaping for brick device with layer brick heap, by piled bricks apparatus for shaping profit Piled bricks is held up with roller bearing picking-up device, kept out by neat device in piled bricks side, then by vertical abutment plate in opposite side by brick Pile is to neat device against to piled bricks progress shaping;

(2) piled bricks on piled bricks apparatus for shaping in the form of successively brick heap is brought up to brick by brick conveying device using brick-discharging device Conveying device, it is fed forward by conveyer belt and live-roller conveying device, is blocked brick supporting plate by retaining device, and by catcher Brick supporting plate is conveyed to loading board device using push pedal conveyor chain and push pedal hand, then arranged brick heap to brick from the 3rd pusher Device steadily pushes;

(3) after brick heap enters brick collating unit, brick collating unit utilizes the push and block plate perpendicular to brick-entering direction to brick heap Stopped, make brick heap be arranged in can the row of reduction of stacking or the brick layer of row, or push and block are carried out to corresponding brick heap, made corresponding Brick heap reduce an at least row or a row brick inlet, form that the row of reduction or the brick layer arranged do not subtract relative to last layer or next layer As little as lack the brick layer of a row or a row, then steadily pushed brick layer to brick rotating device from the first pusher;

(4) brick rotating device turns lifting conveying using device of rotation driving, transmission pole and lifting moving drive device There is plate balance to rotate, move forward and the function of lifting, by lifting conveying flap by corresponding brick layer relative to last layer or next Layer brick layer rotates predetermined angular, is then steadily pushed brick layer to brick stacking device from the second pusher;

(5) brick layer that brick stacking device is conveyed using the carrying of brick opening-closing plate is carried by brick rotating device, mechanical tong pass through two folders Hand monomer is clamped in the brick layer both sides of the row of reduction or row, or the row of the brick layer of the row of reduction or row or exclusive side, tong monomer The brick layer of the row of reduction or row is pulled open using mobile clamp, make between adjacent row or row formation one, two or three with On space, brick layer is dropped into next layer of good brick layer of code with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate and mechanical tong using crane, so Rear bearing brick opening-closing plate is opened, and mechanical tong unclamps brick layer, makes brick layer code in next layer of brick layer;

(6) after the code well shaping piled bricks of corresponding number of plies requirement, shaping piled bricks is packed using brick packing apparatus, then Using going out brick device by packed shaping piled bricks brick output.

After adopting the above technical scheme, the method that stacks bricks of the present invention, in practical work process, brick collating unit is by brick heap Be arranged in can stacking brick layer, and corresponding brick layer can be reduced relative to the last layer or next layer of brick layer of the row of reduction or row An at least row or a row, are easy to down-stream to pull into brick layer with space brick layer corresponding with other brick layer sizes;Brick is transported After rotary device is connected to the brick layer of brick collating unit conveying, corresponding brick layer is rotated and made a reservation for relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer Angle, odd-level brick layer can not such as be rotated, and dual numbers layer brick layer is rotated, predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or The angle rotated for corresponding brick, it is easy to adjacent brick layer to carry out intersection and enumerates, shaping piled bricks is more stable;Stacking fills Put while can enumerate the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, the brick layer of the row of reduction or row can be pulled open, make adjacent row or row Between form space more than one, two or three, then enumerated, after mould brick pile is packaged, this space is easy to transport Carry and put insertion crawl, such as when with two spaces, be available for two limbs of fork truck to insert and carried.With prior art phase Than, the method that stacks bricks of the invention, its quality that stacks bricks is good, efficiency high, and is molded piled bricks and is easy to the toters such as fork truck to be transported, Mechanization, automaticity are high, are suitable for various brick and brick forming machine, practical.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the First partial structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the second partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the 3rd partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the 4th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the 5th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the 6th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the 7th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the 8th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Figure 10 is the 9th partial structural diagram of the present invention;

Figure 11 is the structural representation of tong monomer first embodiment;

Figure 12 is that driving clamping device is connected to the knot between two first tong arms in tong monomer first embodiment Structure schematic diagram;

Figure 13 shows for the decomposition texture of the 3rd movable clamp block of tong monomer second embodiment and the 4th movable clamp block It is intended to;

Figure 14 is the using state structure diagram of tong monomer first embodiment;

Figure 15 is that brick layer is pulled open status architecture schematic diagram by tong monomer first embodiment;

Figure 16 is the planar structure schematic diagram of shaping piled bricks;

Figure 17 is the planar structure schematic diagram of another shaping piled bricks;

Figure 18 is the vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of the offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of two-wire.

In figure:

1- brick collating units 11- subtracts brick device 111- push and block plate 112- push and block drive device 12- bricks arrangement support body 13- arranges transport platform 14- the first pusher 141- the first guide beam 142- the first brick pushing hands the first hoofing parts of 1421- The lifting drives of device 1422- first

2- brick rotating devices 21- turns brick device 211- lifting conveying flap 212- device of rotation driving 2121- and rotated Power transmission shaft 2122- second fluid cylinder pressure 2123- racks 2124- compresses driven pulley 213- attachment means 214- transmission poles 215- lifting moving drive device 22- bricks operate support body 23- the second pusher 231- the second guide beam the second bricks of 232- Pushing hands 2321- the second travel driving unit the second lifting drives of 2322-

3- brick stacking device 31- machinery tong 311- tong monomer 3111- the first slide bar the first retaining clips of 3112- 3113- the first tong arm 3114- the second slide bar the second retaining clips of 3115- 31151- fixes folder portion 3116- second and pressed from both sides Hand arm 31161- the first arm monomer 31162- the second arm monomers 30- movement clamps 301- first moves clamp 302- second moves the movable clamp block 305- the 3rd of the first movable clamp block 304- second of clamp 303- and moves clamp 3051- Mobile folder portion 306- the 4th moves the 3rd movable the 4th movable clamp blocks of clamp block 308- of clamp 3061- movement folder portions 307- 300- buckle structures 32- carries 321- the first plate 33- folding driving mechanism 331- folding drive chain 332- foldings of brick opening-closing plate Sprocket wheel 333- folding power set 3331- folding drive sprocket 334- folding power transmission shaft 3341- folding drive sprockets 34- The fluid-pressure cylinder 35- of the 6th the 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 343- of fluid-pressure cylinder 342- of driving clamping device 341- the 8th pull open driving dress Put the fluid-pressure cylinder 36- liters of the 5th the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 354- of fluid-pressure cylinder 353- of the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 352- of 351- the tenth Frame 37- lifting drives 371- the first elevating chain 3711- the first linkage section the second elevating chains of 372- 3721- drops The fluid-pressure cylinder 3732- of second linkage section 373- drivers 3731- the 11st lift drive sprocket the first lifting sprockets of 374- The lifting sprocket 38- of the 3rd lifting sprocket 377- of 375- the second lifting sprocket 376- the 4th support body 39- that stack bricks supply rack device

The pushers of 4- brick conveying device 41- conveyer belt 42- brick-discharging device 43- live-roller conveying devices 44- the 3rd The brick pushing hands 4421- the third lines of the 3rd guide beam 442- of 441- the 3rd walk the lifting drive 45- of drive device 4422- the 3rd Retaining device 46- conveys support body 47- catcher 471- push pedal conveyor chain 472- push pedal sprocket wheel 473- push pedal hands 474- push pedal drive device 4741- push pedal drive sprocket 475- push pedal power transmission shaft 4751- push pedal drive sprocket 476- loading boards Device

5- piled bricks apparatus for shaping 51- shaping conveyer belt 52- roller bearing picking-up device 521- roller bearings 522- holds up driving dress Put the neat devices of fluid-pressure cylinder 5222- roller 523- supporting plate 5231- inclined-plane 524- loading plates 53- of 5221- the 12nd The vertical abutment plate 6- of 54- supply brick device

7- brick packing apparatus 71- packings conveyor chain 711- support bars 8- goes out brick device

9- brick heap 91- brick layer 92- is molded piled bricks 93- piled bricks 94- brick supporting plate 95- brick brackets.

Embodiment

In order to which technical scheme is explained further, it is described in detail below by specific embodiment.

The offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of the present invention, as shown in Fig. 1-18, including brick collating unit 1, the and of brick rotating device 2 Brick stacking device 3.

Brick collating unit 1, brick rotating device 2 and brick stacking device 3 are set gradually along streamline;Brick collating unit 1 is by brick heap 9 Be arranged in can stacking brick layer 91;The brick layer 91 that brick collating unit 1 conveys is continued to convey forward by brick rotating device 2;Stack bricks dress Put 3 by each brick layer 91 successively code into shaping piled bricks 92;Brick collating unit 1 is included brick layer 91 relative to last layer or next layer of brick Layer 91 reduce an at least rows or one row subtract brick device 11;Brick rotating device 2 is included brick layer 91 relative to last layer or next The layer rotation predetermined angular of brick layer 91 turns brick device 21;Brick stacking device 3 includes pulling open the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, makes phase The mechanical tong 31 in one, two or three above space is formed between adjacent row or row.The present invention in practical work process, Brick collating unit 1 by brick heap 9 be arranged in can stacking the row of reduction or row brick layer 91, and can by corresponding brick layer 91 relative to The last layer or next layer of brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row do not reduce an at least row or a row, are easy to down-stream to pull into brick layer 91 With space brick layer 91 corresponding with other sizes of brick layer 91;Brick rotating device 2 is connected to the brick layer 91 of the conveying of brick collating unit 1 Afterwards, corresponding brick layer 91 is rotated into predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, odd-level brick layer 91 can not such as entered Row is rotated, and dual numbers layer brick layer 91 is rotated, predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or be rotated for corresponding brick Angle is easy to adjacent brick layer 91 to carry out intersection to enumerate, and shaping piled bricks 92 is more stable;Palletizing apparatus 3 can enumerate the row of reduction Or row brick layer 91 while, the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row can be pulled open, make between adjacent row or row formation one, two The individual or space of more than three, then enumerated, after mould brick pile 92 is packaged, this space is easy to toter insertion to grab Take, such as when with two spaces, be available for two limbs of fork truck to insert and carried.

Preferably, subtracting brick device 11 includes carrying out push and block to brick heap 9 perpendicular to brick-entering direction to reduce an at least row or one The push and block plate 111 of row brick inlet, and the push and block drive device 112 of driving push and block plate 111.Concrete structure can be push and block driving Device 112 be cross-brace be located at the back side of push and block plate 111 oil cylinder, push and block plate 111 brick heap 9 can normally be stopped (not to Preceding propulsion), the row of reduction or the brick layer 91 arranged are formed, and can be according to the control of control device (not shown), in corresponding brick When heap 9 enters brick collating unit 1, driving push and block plate 111 carries out push and block to brick heap 9, makes this brick heap 9 relative to normal brick heap 9 An at least row or a row brick inlet are reduced, is formed and is reduced an at least row relative to the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row or one arrange Brick layer 91.

Preferably, brick collating unit 1 also includes brick arrangement support body 12, carrying and conveying brick layer on brick arrangement support body 12 91 brick arrangement transport platform 13, and the brick layer 91 that brick is arranged in transport platform 13 push to the first push of brick rotating device 2 Device 14.Brick heap 9 is carried in arrangement transport platform 13 after entering brick collating unit 1, push and block plate 111 brick heap 9 is stopped or Push and block, then the first pusher 14 by push entirely pass through the side of brick heap 9 in a manner of to the direction of brick rotating device 2 promote brick heap 9, stop or push and block and propulsion several times can be repeated according to the brick width that enters of brick heap size and brick heap 9, until forming rule The brick layer 91 being sized, the pusher 14 of push and block plate 111 and first is engaged in this way to be arranged brick heap 9.

Preferably, the side entered brick mouth and be in brick arrangement transport platform 13 of brick collating unit 1, push and block plate 111 are erected on brick Arrange opposite side corresponding with entering brick mouth in transport platform 13;First pusher 14 includes arranging located at brick along brick conveying direction On support body 12 and in the first guide beam 141 of the top of brick arrangement transport platform 13, and led on the first guide beam 141 along first Walked to beam 141 and push away the first brick pushing hands 142 of brick;First brick pushing hands 142 is equipped with the first travel driving unit 1421 and first Lifting drive 1422.First travel driving unit 1421 drives the first brick pushing hands 142 to carry out pushing away brick, the first lifting driving dress Put 1422 the first brick of driving pushing hands 142 to rise or fall, be used to push away brick after decline, after brick layer 91 are pushed forward, during retrogressing on Rise, the brick heap 9 that rear enters brick collating unit 1 can be hidden.

Preferably, turning brick device 21 includes the lifting conveying flap for the brick layer 91 that horizontal bearing is conveyed by brick collating unit 1 211, the device of rotation driving 212 that driving lifting conveying flap 211 rotates, it is carried on the connection of the lower section of lifting conveying flap 211 Device 213, at least three transmission poles 214 for being supported in the lower section of attachment means 213, and driving transmission pole 214 fill to stacking bricks Put the lifting moving drive device 215 of 3 transmissions lifting conveying flap 211;Each transmission pole 214 is isometric, is parallel to each other and does not exist In same plane, i.e., each transmission pole 214 will not be arranged in a row or a row, the parallel framework supporting structure of Special composition, to even Connection device 213 forms supporting surface, supporting & stablizing;The upper end of each transmission pole 214 is articulated with attachment means 213, lower end It is articulated with corresponding connecting portion.In the course of the work, lifting moving drive device 215 drive it is each transmission pole 214 according to Be used as fulcrum on lower side, swung to brick stacking device 3, using parallel bar swing principle, lifting conveying flap 211 by it is parallel forward, Upwards (or downwards) mobile, and lifting conveying flap 211 can occur to turn simultaneously under the driving of device of rotation driving 212 simultaneously It is dynamic, i.e., upper and lower, front and rear and rotation action is realized simultaneously.Rule, the arrangement side of the brick layer 91 of adjacent layer are enumerated according to brick layer 91 To the perpendicular stability that just can guarantee that and enumerate, the driving lifting conveying 211 dual numbers layers of flap or strange of device of rotation driving 212 Several layers of brick layer 91 carries out rotation predetermined angular.

In order to further optimize the transmission effect of transmission pole 214, it is preferable that brick rotating device 2 also includes brick operating frame Body 22;Attachment means 213 are level board, and four contour transmission poles 214 are along parallel and perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick Direction into matrix distribution, i.e., the cross-sectional distributions of four transmission poles 214 are on four points of rectangle;Four transmission poles 214 upper end is articulated in the attachment means of level board form by the upper horizontal rotating shaft perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick respectively 213 lower section, the lower end of four transmission poles 214 are articulated in brick by the lower horizontal rotating shaft parallel with upper horizontal rotating shaft respectively On the above-mentioned connecting portion for operating support body 22;Lifting moving drive device 215 include it is at least one towards the direction of brick stacking device 3 driving First fluid cylinder pressure, one end of the first fluid cylinder pressure are articulated on brick operating support body 22, the other end and at least one transmission Pole 214 is articulated.Concrete structure can be that two first fluid cylinder pressures are respectively supported at further away from brick stacking device 3 Two transmission pole 214 medium positions.

Preferably, in attachment means 213, device of rotation driving 212 is set device of rotation driving 212 by vertical direction The rotating drive shaft 2121 put carries out rotation driving, attachment means 213 and lifting conveying flap 211 to lifting conveying flap 211 Connected by rotating drive shaft 2121.

Preferably, device of rotation driving 212 includes two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122, the work of two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 Stopper rod is in opposite direction, and the piston rods of two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 is extended with rack 2123, on rotating drive shaft 2121 formed with The in-line gears to match with two racks 2123, side face relative with the in-line gears is meshed two racks 2123 respectively, and Two racks 2123 arrange the compression driven pulley 2124 that the oriented in-line gears compress respectively.Two compression driven pulleys 2124 can ensure Amount rack 2123 meshes together all the time with the in-line gears.Two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 are simultaneously to rotating drive shaft 2121 It is driven, rotates rotating drive shaft 2121, and then drives lifting conveying flap 211 to rotate.

In order to ensure the driving effect of device of rotation driving 212, it is preferable that above-mentioned in-line gears and two compress driven pulley 2124 axis is in same perpendicular, and this perpendicular and two racks 2123 are perpendicular.And can further it make coaxial Gear and two compression driven pulleys 2124 are in isometry position.

Preferably, brick rotating device 2 also includes the brick layer 91 lifted on conveying flap 211 pushing to brick stacking device 3 Second pusher 23;Second pusher 23 is included along brick conveying direction on brick operating support body 22 and in lifting conveying Second guide beam 231 of the top of flap 211, and push away the second of brick along the walking of the second guide beam 231 on the second guide beam 231 Brick pushing hands 232;Second brick pushing hands 232 is equipped with the second travel driving unit 2321 and the second lifting drive 2322.Work as liter After brick layer 91 is transported to certain position by drop conveying flap 211, lifting conveying flap 211 can be with a brick for leading to brick stacking device 3 Guide plate is engaged, and the second brick pushing hands 232 is passed through the brick layer 91 lifted on conveying flap 211 using the second brick pushing hands 232 after declining Cross the brick guide plate and be pushed to brick stacking device 3.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 includes the load brick opening-closing plate 32 for the brick layer 91 that horizontal bearing is conveyed by brick rotating device 2, Driving carries the folding driving mechanism 33 of the folding of brick opening-closing plate 32, clamps brick layer 91 and pulls open the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row Mechanical tong 31, and the mechanical tong 31 of driving clamp the driving clamping device 34 of brick layer 91, and the mechanical tong 31 of driving pulls open Brick layer 91 pulls open drive device 35.In the course of the work, carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and carry brick layer 91, mechanical tong 31 is by brick layer 91 Clamp, and controlled according to control device, when brick layer 91 is the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, be not required to carry out pulling open operation, only It need to open load brick opening-closing plate 32, mechanical tong 31 is unclamped, and brick layer 91 is leaked down;When the brick layer that brick layer 91 is the row of reduction or row 91 suitably pull open, and make its size identical with the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, make to form one, two or three between row or row Space above.

Preferably, mechanical tong 31 include two be clamped in the row of reduction or arrange the both sides of brick layer 91, or the row of reduction or The row of the brick layer 91 of row or the tong monomer 311 of exclusive side, tong monomer 311 include outwards parallel along folded edge bearing of trend Mobile mobile clamp 30.I.e. when brick layer 91 is the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, tong monomer 311 is clamped in brick layer 91 Both sides, it is preferably interposed on the side parallel with brick approach axis;When brick layer 91 is the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, tong Monomer 311 is clamped in the row of brick layer 91 or exclusive side, so, when mobile clamp 30 is outwards parallel along folded edge bearing of trend When mobile, corresponding row or row can be pulled out, make to produce space between adjacent row or row.

311 preferable first embodiment of tong monomer is that tong monomer 311 includes setting along folded edge bearing of trend The first slide bar 3111, and the first retaining clip 3112 being fixed on the first slide bar 3111, mobile clamp 30 includes sliding The first movement clamp 301 and second on the first slide bar 3111 moves clamp 302;First retaining clip 3112 is in first Mobile clamp 301 and second is moved between clamp 302.So, the first retaining clip 3112 of two tong monomers 311 clamps centre The brick at place, the first movement clamp 301 and second of two tong monomers 311 moves the brick that clamp 302 clamps both sides respectively, when first When the mobile movement of clamp 301 and second clamp 302 is pulled outwardly respectively, the brick of both sides can form two spaces with the brick of centre, this Two spaces are available for two limbs insertion of fork truck to be carried.

Preferably, it is provided with least one slide between the first retaining clip 3112 and the first movement clamp 301 and is located at first The first movable clamp block 303 on slide bar 3111, at least one is provided between the first retaining clip 3112 and the second movement clamp 302 Individual the second movable clamp block 304 slided on the first slide bar 3111;When an only first movable clamp block 303, the Connected between one movement clamp 301 and the adjacent first movable clamp block 303 by buckle structure 300, it is more than two when having During the first movable clamp block 303, between the first movement clamp 301 and the adjacent first movable clamp block 303 and adjacent the Connected between one movable clamp block 303 by buckle structure 300;When an only second movable clamp block 304, the second movement Connected by buckle structure 300 between clamp 302 and the adjacent second movable clamp block 304, lived when having more than two second During dynamic clamp block 304, between the second movement clamp 302 and the adjacent second movable clamp block 304 and adjacent second is movable Connected between clamp block 304 by buckle structure 300.Can be according to the ginseng such as width of the size of the brick to be pulled open and middle brick Number, by the first of respective numbers the movable 303 and second movable clamp block 304 of clamp block respectively with the first movement clamp 301 and the Two movement clamps 302 are connected by buckle structure 300, when not needing the first movable 303 and second movable clamp block 304 of clamp block When, only it need to open buckle structure 300.

Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes the first tong arm 3113 for upwardly extending, the first tong arm 3113 and the One slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112 connect;Driving clamping device 34 is the first of one end and one tong monomer 311 Tong arm 3113 connects, and the other end connects with the first tong arm 3113 of corresponding connecting portion or another tong monomer 311 The 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder.I.e. when the other end of the driving clamping device 34 of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form connects with corresponding connecting portion When, can only driving one tong monomer 311 the first tong arm 3113, when the driving clamping device of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form During the first tong arm 3113 connection of 34 another tong monomer 311 of the other end, the of two tong monomers 311 can be driven simultaneously One tong arm 3113.

Preferably, pulling open drive device 35 includes the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 and the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352;4th fluid pressure One end of cylinder 351 is connected with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112, and the other end is connected with the first movement clamp 301; One end of 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352 is connected with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112, and the other end and the second movement are pressed from both sides Body 302 connects.4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 can drive the first movement clamp 301 along the 3111 inside and outside slip of the first slide bar, the 5th fluid Cylinder pressure 352 can drive the second movement clamp 302 along the 3111 inside and outside slip of the first slide bar.

311 preferable second embodiment of tong monomer is, tong monomer 311 include in the top of brick layer 91 and with it is folded The second slide bar 3114 that edge bearing of trend be arranged in parallel, and the second retaining clip being fixed on the second slide bar 3114 3115, the 3rd movement clamp 305 and the 4th that mobile clamp 30 is included sliding on the second slide bar 3114 moves clamp 306; Second retaining clip 3115 is between the 3rd movement movement clamp 306 of clamp 305 and the 4th;Under second retaining clip 3115 End has the mobile folder portion for clamping brick layer 91 with the fixation folder portion 31151 for clamping brick layer 91, the lower end of the 3rd movement clamp 305 3051, the lower end of the 4th movement clamp 306 has the mobile folder portion 3061 for clamping brick layer 91.So, the of two tong monomers 311 Two retaining clips 3115 clamp the brick of middle, the 3rd movement clamp 305 of two tong monomers 311 by fixed folder portion 31151 The brick of both sides is clamped by mobile folder portion 3051 respectively with the 4th movement clamp 306, when the 3rd movement clamp 305 and the 4th moves When clamp 306 is pulled outwardly respectively, the brick of both sides can form two spaces with the brick of centre, and this two spaces are available for two of fork truck Limb insertion is carried.

Preferably, it is respectively equipped with least one between the fixation folder portion 31151 of same tong monomer 311 and mobile folder portion 3061 Individual 3rd movable 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of clamp block;When only a 3rd movable clamp block 307, the 3rd activity Connected between clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 by removable connected structure, when having more than two three During movable clamp block 307, between the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 and the adjacent the 3rd is movable Connected between clamp block 307 by removable connected structure;When only a 4th movable clamp block 308, the 4th activity Connected between clamp block 308 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 by removable connected structure, when having more than two four During movable clamp block 308, between the 4th movable clamp block 308 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 and the adjacent the 4th is movable Connected between clamp block 308 by removable connected structure.Can be according to the size for the brick to be pulled open and the width of middle brick Etc. parameter, the 3rd of respective numbers the movable 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of clamp block is moved into clamp 305 with the 3rd respectively Connected with the 4th movement clamp 306 by removable connected structure, when not needing, the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th is movable During clamp block 308, the 3rd movable 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of clamp block need to only be pulled down.Concrete structure can be, 3rd movable 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of clamp block includes particle size corresponding with the mobile external dimensions of folder portion 3061 respectively Section and thin diameter section, mobile folder portion 3061 have a socket for thin diameter section insertion, and the grafting of thin diameter section and socket coordinates as removable The connected structure of dress.When having more than two three movable clamp block 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308, the 3rd activity folder The wide section of 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308 of body block, which has, supplies the 3rd adjacent movable 307 and the 4th movable clamp of clamp block The socket of the thin diameter section insertion of block 308, the conversion of the mobile length of folder portion 3061 is realized with this.

Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes the second tong arm 3116 upwardly extended, and the second tong arm 3116 includes The first arm monomer 31161 for being connected with the second retaining clip 3115, and two be connected with two second movement clamps 302 respectively Second arm monomer 31162;Driving clamping device 34 includes being connected to two corresponding the first arm lists of two tong monomers 311 The 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 341 between body 31161, and it is connected to two second corresponding arm monomers of two tong monomers 311 The 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342 between 31162, and it is connected to two other corresponding the second arm monomer of two tong monomers 311 The 8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 between 31162.So, the 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 341 drives two tong monomers 311 corresponding simultaneously Two the first arm monomers 31161;7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342 drives two second corresponding arms of two tong monomers 311 simultaneously Monomer 31162;8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 drives two other corresponding the second arm monomer of two tong monomers 311 simultaneously 31162。

Preferably, pulling open drive device 35 includes the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 and the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354;9th fluid pressure One end of cylinder 353 is connected with the second slide bar 3114 or the second retaining clip 3115, and the other end is connected with the 3rd movement clamp 305; One end of tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354 is connected with the second slide bar 3114 or the second retaining clip 3115, and the other end and the 4th movement are pressed from both sides Body 306 connects.9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 can drive the 3rd movement clamp 305 along the 3114 inside and outside slip of the second slide bar, the tenth fluid Cylinder pressure 354 can drive the 4th movement clamp 306 along the 3114 inside and outside slip of the second slide bar.

Preferably, carrying brick opening-closing plate 32 includes two panels the first plate 321 and the second plate stitched together;Folding driving mechanism 33 include folding drive chain 331 that is horizontally disposed and extending along the first plate 321 and the second plate orientation, folding drive chain 331 Both ends carried respectively by folding sprocket wheel 332;First plate 321 and a wherein single-stranded connection for folding drive chain 331, the second plate With another single-stranded connection of folding drive chain 331.So, when folding drive chain 331 operates, wherein one article single-stranded drives the One plate 321 makes the first plate 321 and the second plate realize and divide to a lateral movement, another the second plate of single-stranded drive to another lateral movement Open, leak down for brick layer 91;When folding 331 antiport of drive chain, the first plate 321 and the second plate are realized and merged.Specifically, One plate 321 and the second plate are also equipped with rail plate.

Preferably, folding driving mechanism 33 includes two folding drive chains 331 being parallel to each other;Two folding drive chains 331 It is equipped with the folding power set 333 of the operating of driving folding drive chain 331;Two folding chains of the two folding drive chains 331 with one end Wheel 332 is connected by a horizontal coaxial transmission of folding power transmission shaft 334, and folding power transmission shaft 334 is provided with coaxial folding driving-chain Wheel 3341, the rotary output axis of folding power set 333 are provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket 332, folding drive sprocket 3341 It is corresponding with folding drive sprocket 332 and chain link is driven by folding.Folding power set 333 pass through folding drive sprocket 332 drive folding driving-chains are driven to folding drive sprocket 3341, and then folding power transmission shaft 334 drives two folding sprocket wheels 332 drive two folding drive chains 331 to operate respectively.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes carrying load brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, mechanical tong 31, clamping Drive device 34 and the crane 36 for pulling open drive device 35, and the lifting drive 37 that driving crane 36 lifts. In the course of work, lifting drive 37 drives crane 36 with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, mechanical tong 31st, driving clamping device 34 and pull open drive device 35 and lift appropriate height, such as can be according to the height of the brick layer 91 that lower section is enumerated Spend to adjust falling head, lifting height is the height for receiving the brick layer 91 on brick rotating device 2.Specifically, crane 36 is gone back It is equipped with rail plate.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes the support body 38 that stacks bricks of carrying crane 36;Lifting drive 37 includes two First elevating chain 371, two the second elevating chains 372, and the first elevating chain 371 of driving and the second elevating chain 372 Driver 373;Two first elevating chains 371 are arranged in parallel, and the lower end balance of two first elevating chains 371 is connected to liter One end of frame 36 drops, and upper end bypasses the first lifting sprocket 374 and the second lift chain located at the top of support body 38 that stacks bricks successively respectively Wheel 375 is connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 be arranged in parallel with two first elevating chains 371, two second liftings The lower end balance of chain 372 is connected to the other end of crane 36, and upper end bypasses located at the top of support body 38 that stacks bricks successively respectively 3rd lifting sprocket 376 and the 4th lifting sprocket 377 are connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two first elevating chains 371 respectively include around Cross two second lifting sprockets 375 and the first linkage section 3711 being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 wrap respectively Include the second linkage section 3721 for bypassing two the 4th lifting sprockets 377 and being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;First linkage section 3711 and Two linkage sections 3721 are parallel to each other;Driver 373 includes the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder 3731, and four are located at the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder The lifting that 3731 piston rod end is supported propulsion to two first linkage sections 3711 and two second linkage sections 3721 respectively is driven Movable sprocket 3732.So, driver 373 drives four lifting drive sprockets 3732, to two first linkage sections 3711 and two second Linkage section 3721 is supported propulsion, and the first elevating chain 371 and the second elevating chain 372 can be pulled to drive on crane 36 Rise;When driver 373 does not drive, crane 36 declines.

According to being actually needed, especially when code special form brick, in order to further be easy to stack bricks, it is preferable that brick stacking device 3 is also It is equipped with the confession rack device 39 that brick bracket 95 is placed between corresponding adjacent brick layer 91.Brick bracket 95 has for toter such as The jack of the limb insertion of fork truck etc., is easy to carry.

Preferably, the upstream of brick collating unit 1 is additionally provided with brick conveying device 4;The Zhuan Kou that enters of brick collating unit 1 conveys with brick The tail end of device 4 is connected, and the conveying direction of the conveying direction of brick conveying device 4 and brick collating unit 1 is perpendicular.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 includes conveyer belt 41, the brick-discharging device 42 that brick is placed on conveyer belt 41, be connected in The live-roller conveying device 43 of the tail end of conveyer belt 41, brick is pushed into the 3rd pusher 44 of brick collating unit 1, and located at transmission The tail end of roller conveying device 43 blocks the retaining device 45 of brick supporting plate 94.Retaining device 45 blocks brick supporting plate 94, the 3rd push dress 44 are put to push brick heap 9 to brick collating unit 1.

In order to implement the function of retaining device 45 and construction, it is preferable that retaining device 45 is that upper surface is higher than brick support The lower surface of plate 94, and less than the level board of the upper surface of brick supporting plate 94.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 also includes brick conveying support body 46;3rd pusher 44 includes setting along brick conveying direction The 3rd guide beam 441, Yi Jishe on support body 46 and being in above live-roller conveying device 43 and retaining device 45 is conveyed in brick In the 3rd brick pushing hands 442 for pushing away brick on the 3rd guide beam 441 along the walking of the 3rd guide beam 441;3rd brick pushing hands 442 is equipped with Three travel driving units 4421 and the 3rd lifting drive 4422.3rd pusher 44 utilizes the 3rd brick pushing hands after declining Brick heap 9 on conveyer belt 41 is pushed to brick collating unit 1 by 442 by brick supporting plate 94 and retaining device 45.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 also includes catcher 47, and catcher 47 includes being located at live-roller conveying device 43 Live-roller between and with the push pedal conveyor chain 471 of the axially in parallel extension of live-roller, be carried on the both ends of push pedal conveyor chain 471 Push pedal sprocket wheel 472, the push pedal hand 473 of push pedal, and driving push pedal conveyor chain 471 are carried out on push pedal conveyor chain 471 The push pedal drive device 474 of operating;The upper surface of push pedal conveyor chain 471 is less than the upper surface of the live-roller, push pedal hand 473 Higher than the upper surface of the live-roller.Push pedal drive device 474 drives push pedal conveyor chain 471 to operate, and push pedal hand 473 promotes brick The side of supporting plate 94, brick supporting plate 94 is pushed from transmission roll shaft and carries out receipts plate.

Preferably, catcher 47 includes two push pedal conveyor chains 471 being parallel to each other;Two push pedal conveyor chains 471 The two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 with one end are connected by a horizontal coaxial transmission of push pedal power transmission shaft 475, and push pedal power transmission shaft 475 is provided with Coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4751, the rotary output axis of push pedal drive device 474 are provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4741, Push pedal drive sprocket 4751 is corresponding with push pedal drive sprocket 4741 and is driven chain link by push pedal.Push pedal drive device 474 Push pedal driving-chain is driven to be driven push pedal drive sprocket 4751 by push pedal drive sprocket 4741, and then push pedal power transmission shaft 475 two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 of drive drive two push pedal conveyor chains 471 to operate respectively.

In order that mechanism is more complete, and it is easy to receive plate, it is preferable that catcher 47, which is equipped, to be connected in push pedal carrier chain Loading board device 476 with 471 tail ends.

Preferably, the upstream of brick conveying device 4 is additionally provided with piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5;Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 includes conveying towards brick The shaping conveyer belt 51 of the piled bricks with brick supporting plate 94 is transported in the direction of device 4, can hold up brick upwards under shaping conveyer belt 51 The roller bearing picking-up device 52 of pile, by multiple axis of rolling for being erected on the side of shaping conveyer belt 51 along the whole of conveying direction arrangement form Neat device 53, and the vertical abutment plate 54 by another lateral neat device 53 of shaping conveyer belt 51 against piled bricks;Roller bearing holds up dress Putting 52 includes multiple axis along conveying direction and into the roller bearing 521 of matrix distribution, and drives up the picking-up driving dress of roller bearing 521 Put 522;Shaping conveyer belt 51 has the port passed through for roller bearing 521.Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 4 utilizes roller bearing picking-up device 52 by brick Pile 93 is held up, and is kept out by neat device 53 in the side of piled bricks 93, then from vertical abutment plate 54 in opposite side by piled bricks 93 to neat Device 53 is against to the progress shaping of piled bricks 93.

Preferably, multiple roller bearings 521 are carried by supporting plate 523, supporting plate 523 by multiple support bases and each roller bearing 521 one by one It is articulated;The lower surface of supporting plate 523 is formed with by a lateral opposite side inclined inclined-plane 5231 gradually downward, and at least two Inclined-plane 5231 is uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523;Drive device 522 is held up including inclined gradually downward along inclined-plane 5231 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 of direction extension, at least two located at the piston rod end and one by one of the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 Roller 5222 of the pad located at each lower section of inclined-plane 5231.12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 driving roller 5222 move forward, using by The inclined-plane 5231 gradually tilted down, is taken advantage of a situation and jacks up supporting plate 523 and roller bearing 521, and then piled bricks 93 is jacked up.

Preferably, four inclined-planes 5231 are uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523, four rolling 5222 and four inclined-planes 5231 coordinate one by one;Supporting plate 523 is equipped with retention device away from the one end for holding up drive device 522;Under four rolling 5222 Side is carried by loading plate 524, and the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 is connected with loading plate 524.

In order to form the successive and streamline that completely stacks bricks, it is preferable that the upstream of piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 is additionally provided with confession Brick device 6;The downstream of brick stacking device 3 is also sequentially provided with brick packing apparatus 7 along streamline direction and goes out brick device 8.

Preferably, brick packing apparatus 7 is equipped with carrying and conveyed defeated by the packing of 3 yards of good shaping piled bricks 92 of brick stacking device Chain belt 71 is sent, packing conveyor chain 71 is provided with multiple support bars 711 for extending in the width direction and arranging along its length, phase There is the gap passed through for packing rope between adjacent support bar 711.Concretely chain, support bar 711 connect conveyor chain 71 Chain chain is connected to tie.

The offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of two-wire, such as Fig. 1-18, including two above-mentioned offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically, two institutes State and offline stack bricks the brick collating unit 1 of streamline automatically and brick rotating device 2 shares same brick stacking device 3.I.e. two it is above-mentioned from Line stacks bricks streamline as streamline monomer automatically, the offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of a whole piece two-wire is fused into, in order to abundant And brick stacking device 3 is efficiently utilized, two offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically share same brick stacking device 3, using wherein one The offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically phoresys the off time of brick, and another offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically is stacked bricks, completely may be used Stacked bricks so that the efficiency that stacks bricks is risen into the individually above-mentioned offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically, and mechanism utilization rate also shows twice of efficiency Write and improve, greatly save cost.Further, the two offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically also share same brick packing apparatus 7 and gone out Brick device 8.

Brick is supplied for the above-mentioned offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically of reasonable coordination two, it is preferable that two of brick stacking device 3 enter brick Mouth is in relative both sides, corresponds to two brick rotating devices 2 respectively.

One kind stacks bricks method, such as Fig. 1-18, comprises the following steps:

(1), to piled bricks 93 of the supply of piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 with layer brick heap 9, filled using for brick device 6 by piled bricks shaping Put 5 to hold up piled bricks 93 using roller bearing picking-up device 52, kept out by neat device 53 in the side of piled bricks 93, then by vertical abutment plate 54 opposite side by piled bricks 93 to neat device 53 against, to piled bricks 93 carry out shaping;

(2) brick conveying device 4 utilizes brick-discharging device 42 by the piled bricks 93 on piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 with the shape of successively brick heap 9 Formula brings up to brick conveying device 4, is fed forward by conveyer belt 41 and live-roller conveying device 43, by retaining device 45 by brick supporting plate 94 Block, and brick supporting plate 94 be conveyed to loading board device 46 using push pedal conveyor chain 471 and push pedal hand 473 by catcher 47, Brick heap 9 is steadily pushed to brick collating unit 1 from the 3rd pusher 44 again;

(3) after brick heap 9 enters brick collating unit 1, brick collating unit 1 utilizes the push and block plate 111 perpendicular to brick-entering direction Brick heap 9 is stopped, make brick heap 9 be arranged in can the row of reduction of stacking or the brick layer 91 of row, or corresponding brick heap 9 is carried out Push and block, corresponding brick heap 9 is reduced an at least row or a row brick inlet, formed relative to last layer or next layer row of reduction Or the brick layer 91 of row reduces the brick layer 91 of an at least row or a row, then from the first pusher 14 by brick layer 91 to brick rotating device 2 steady push;

(4) brick rotating device 2 is made using device of rotation driving 212, transmission pole 214 and lifting moving drive device 215 Lifting conveying flap 211 has the function of balancing rotation, reach and lifting, and flap 211 is conveyed by corresponding brick layer 91 by lifting Rotate predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer 91, then from the second pusher 23 by brick layer 91 to brick stacking device 3 steady push;

(5) utilization of brick stacking device 3 carries brick opening-closing plate 32 and carries the brick layer 91 conveyed by brick rotating device 2, mechanical tong 31 By two tong monomers 311 be clamped in the row of reduction or row the both sides of brick layer 91, the row of reduction or arrange brick layer 91 row or The brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row is pulled open, made between adjacent row or row by exclusive side, tong monomer 311 using mobile clamp 30 The space formed more than one, two or three, using crane 36 with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32 and mechanical tong 31 by brick layer 91 drop to next layer of good brick layer 91 of code, then carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and open, mechanical tong 31 unclamps brick layer 91, makes brick layer 91 yards in next layer of brick layer 91;

(6) after the code well shaping piled bricks 92 of corresponding number of plies requirement, shaping piled bricks 92 is beaten using brick packing apparatus 7 Bag, recycles out brick device 8 by the packed brick output of shaping piled bricks 92.

Offline automatic stack bricks streamline and the method that stacks bricks of the present invention, between each mobile clamp and corresponding slide bar, especially It is that forced contact face is provided with the rolling elements such as ball, to reduce friction;Each slide bar is preferably square column type bar structure, each mobile clamp For the shift sleeve structure being slidably located on slide bar, the concrete form of slide bar and mobile clamp can be adjusted according to actual requirement And design;For the ease of stacking, and the problems such as brick will not be caused, it is preferable that the width or length of every layer of brick layer are brick conveying The integral multiple of brick heap width on device, further, every layer of brick layer is square;The offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of two-wire Specific conveying direction and arrangement mode of two offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically etc. can be adjusted and design according to actual requirement.

The product form of the present invention is not limited to this case diagram and embodiment, and anyone carries out the appropriate of similar thinking to it Change or modification, it all should be regarded as not departing from the patent category of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. stack bricks method, it is characterised in that comprises the following steps:
(1), to piled bricks of the piled bricks apparatus for shaping supply with layer brick heap, utilized and rolled by piled bricks apparatus for shaping using for brick device Axle picking-up device holds up piled bricks, is kept out by neat device in piled bricks side, then from vertical abutment plate opposite side by piled bricks to Neat device is against to piled bricks progress shaping;
(2) brick conveying device brings up to the piled bricks on piled bricks apparatus for shaping brick conveying using brick-discharging device in the form of successively brick heap Device, it is fed forward, is blocked brick supporting plate by retaining device, and utilized by catcher by conveyer belt and live-roller conveying device Brick supporting plate is conveyed to loading board device by push pedal conveyor chain and push pedal hand, then from the 3rd pusher by brick heap to brick collating unit Steady push;
(3) after brick heap enters brick collating unit, brick collating unit is carried out using the push and block plate perpendicular to brick-entering direction to brick heap Stop, make brick heap be arranged in can stacking the row of reduction or row brick layer, or to corresponding brick heap progress push and block, make corresponding brick Heap reduces an at least row or a row brick inlet, formed relative to last layer or next layer the row of reduction or the brick layer arranged reduce to A few row or the brick layer of a row, then steadily pushed brick layer to brick rotating device from the first pusher;
(4) brick rotating device makes lifting conveying flap tool using device of rotation driving, transmission pole and lifting moving drive device There is the function that balance is rotated, moves forward and lifted, by lifting conveying flap by corresponding brick layer relative to last layer or next layer of brick Layer rotates predetermined angular, is then steadily pushed brick layer to brick stacking device from the second pusher;
(5) brick layer that brick stacking device is conveyed using the carrying of brick opening-closing plate is carried by brick rotating device, mechanical tong pass through two tong lists Body is clamped in the brick layer both sides of the row of reduction or row, or the row of the brick layer of the row of reduction or row or exclusive side, tong monomer utilize Mobile clamp pulls open the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, makes to be formed more than one, two or three between adjacent row or row Space, brick layer is dropped into next layer of good brick layer of code, Ran Houzai with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate and mechanical tong using crane Brick opening-closing plate is opened, and mechanical tong unclamps brick layer, makes brick layer code in next layer of brick layer;
(6) after the code well shaping piled bricks of corresponding number of plies requirement, shaping piled bricks is packed using brick packing apparatus, recycled Go out brick device by packed shaping piled bricks brick output.
CN201610375614.7A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 Stack bricks method CN105858237B (en)

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CN104444395A (en) 2015-03-25
CN105858237A (en) 2016-08-17
CN105947687B (en) 2018-02-13

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