CN104444395B - Offline automatic brick stacking assembly line - Google Patents

Offline automatic brick stacking assembly line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104444395B
CN104444395B CN201410684952.XA CN201410684952A CN104444395B CN 104444395 B CN104444395 B CN 104444395B CN 201410684952 A CN201410684952 A CN 201410684952A CN 104444395 B CN104444395 B CN 104444395B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
mentioned
drive
offline
conveying
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410684952.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104444395A (en
Inventor
傅军强
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傅军强
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Application filed by 傅军强 filed Critical 傅军强
Priority to CN201410684952.XA priority Critical patent/CN104444395B/en
Publication of CN104444395A publication Critical patent/CN104444395A/en
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Publication of CN104444395B publication Critical patent/CN104444395B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/32Stacking of articles characterised by stacking during transit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/50Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides an offline automatic brick stacking assembly line. The offline automatic brick stacking assembly line comprises a brick arranging device, a brick transferring device and a brick stacking device, wherein brick layers can be reduced by at least one row or one line relative to the upper layer or the lower layer through the brick arranging device, the corresponding brick layer can be rotated by a predetermined angle relative to the upper layer or the lower layer through the brick transferring device, so that a formed brick stack is more stable, the brick layers in the reduced row or line can be pulled to be separated while the brick layers in the non-reduced rows or lines are stacked, so that a gap is formed between every two adjacent rows or lines, then stacking is conducted, after the formed brick stack is packaged, a transporter can be inserted into the gaps conveniently for grabbing, and when two gaps exist, the two insertion angles of a forklift can be inserted for transportation. In this way, the offline automatic brick stacking assembly line has the advantages that brick stacking quality is high, efficiency is high, the formed brick stack can be transported by the transporter such as the forklift conveniently, the degree of mechanization and the degree of automation are high, the assembly line can be adapted to various types of bricks and various brick forming machines, and practicability is high. The invention further provides a brick stacking method. All the functions can be achieved effectively by the adoption of the brick stacking method.

Description

The offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically

Technical field

The present invention relates to the transport after brick shaping and the apparatus field that stacks bricks, and in particular to offline stack bricks automatically streamline and base In whole piece streamline.

Background technology

The forming machine of brick has been known, and such as Chinese invention patent CN201110163868.X discloses a kind of green brick forming machine, The lower mold holder for assembling including frame and thereon, described lower mold holder is provided with the mould for green brick forming, described mould bag Die bottom plate is included, described green brick forming machine also includes the shake table for transmitting vibration force to die bottom plate, described vibration Platform includes vibration force output end, is provided with for passing both between described die bottom plate and the vibration force output end of shake table The open-and-close mechanism for disconnecting transmission is vibrated and is mutually disengaged in dynamic cooperation together, and described open-and-close mechanism has to be used for and die bottom plate top The transmission device of pressure and clutch and the ligand of driving force is provided for the transmission device.Described transmission device is included in institute State shock-absorbing spring and the biography for coordinating with the shock-absorbing spring pushing tow that the lower section of die bottom plate sets gradually along the vertical direction Power bar, described ligand is included in rolling assembling and the horizontally extending rotary shaft of pivot center on the shake table, Described rotary shaft is along its circumferentially distributed mating surface having for being driven with the transmission rod pushing tow and departs from the de- of disconnection transmission From face, one end of described rotary shaft is provided with the moment of torsion input section for moment of torsion input.Described mating surface and the length in disengaging face Degree bearing of trend all has two and along the rotation respectively along the axially extending of the rotary shaft, described disengaging face and mating surface The pivot center of axle is symmetrical.Described mating surface is arc along the cross sectional shape of the pivot center perpendicular to the rotary shaft Shape, it is described that to depart from face along the cross sectional shape of the pivot center perpendicular to the rotary shaft be linear, described mating surface with The distance between pivot center of the rotary shaft more than it is described depart between face and the pivot center of the rotary shaft away from From.The two ends of the transmission rod have plastic shim.The moment of torsion input section of described rotary shaft is connected with for controlling State rotary shaft and rotate around it the cylinder that axis rotates.Lead column is provided with described frame along the vertical direction, it is described Lower mold holder is connected is arranged in described lead column in the horizontal direction, and guiding movement is assemblied in institute to described mould along the vertical direction On the lower mold holder stated, mould upper and lower sides described in insertion are offered along the vertical direction in described mould and cross sectional shape is square Forming cavity, described die bottom plate is equipped with described forming cavity by gap.

The invention as other brick forming machines of in the market, after brick shaping will substantially by phoresying, shift and Palletization operations, tradition all uses manual operations, and in the market also has some to phoresy the machinery appearance of class, such as Chinese invention patent in recent years CN 201310212511.5 discloses a kind of wall tile press board transport mechanism, the wall tile press board transport mechanism include conveyer belt with And template storage box, the template storage box is penetrating up and down and is placed in conveyer belt one end top, is stacked with the template storage box Some ceramic tile templates, the conveyor surface of the conveyer belt is divided into some transportation sections for having certain interval from each other, described The length of transportation section is consistent with the length of ceramic tile template.For another example Chinese invention patent CN 201110431706.X disclose one kind certainly Activity code stack machine stacks bricks mechanism, including is fixed in the underframe on automatic stacking machine, is rotatably connected on underframe and is driven by power set The turntable for horizontally rotating, is connected with rotation supporting plate and translation supporting plate laterally side by side on turntable, rotation supporting plate is by installed in turntable On rotary power unit drive horizontally rotate, translation supporting plate by turntable translation power set drive transverse translation Draw close or away from rotation supporting plate, the outside portion for rotating supporting plate is equipped with longitudinally disposed baffle plate, and the front side portion for rotating supporting plate is also fixedly mounted with There is the baffle plate of horizontally set, the seam push pedal that disappears on the outside of translation supporting plate is also slidably connected on underframe, the seam push pedal that disappears is by installing The seam power set that disappear on underframe drive.Rotating shaft is rotatably connected on the turntable, the bottom of the rotation supporting plate is packed in In rotating shaft, the bottom of rotating shaft is equipped with crank, the rotary power unit be hinge mounted in turntable bottom and it is tilted backwards stretch out push away Dynamic oil cylinder, promotes the piston rod of oil cylinder to be hinged with crank.On the turntable equipped be located at rotating shaft rear and with crank horizontal level Corresponding postive stop baffle.Support wheel is rotatably connected on the turntable, translation supporting plate is overlapped on support wheel, before translation supporting plate Both sides are connected with the limiting plate for being fitted in sidepiece before and after turntable respectively afterwards, and the translation power set are to be packed on turntable Translation oil cylinder, the piston rod of translation oil cylinder is affixed with the bottom of translation supporting plate.The seam power set that disappear are on underframe The seam oil cylinder that disappears, the piston rod of the seam oil cylinder that disappears is affixed with the lateral surface of the seam push pedal that disappears, and is also fixed with underframe positioned at disappearing seam oil cylinder Both sides and symmetrically arranged sleeve, the lateral surface of the seam push pedal that disappears are equipped with the lead column being slidably connected in sleeve.The transportation section Between gap in be equipped with block positioned at transportation section both sides.The height of the block and the consistency of thickness of ceramic tile template. But it is this kind of machinery structure it is excessively coarse, to be reached in practice phoresy and the effect that stacks bricks is unsatisfactory, the brick for being adapted to Type and brick forming machine narrow range, mechanization, automaticity are not enough, often also need to hand fit, inefficiency, practicality Difference.

In consideration of it, inventor furthers investigate to above mentioned problem, there is this case to produce then.

The content of the invention

Good, the efficiency high it is an object of the invention to provide one kind quality that stacks bricks, and shaping piled bricks is easy to fork truck etc. to deliver dress Put and transported, mechanization, high degree of automation are suitable for various brick and brick forming machine, practical offline Automatic Code Brick streamline.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is using such technical scheme:

The offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically, including along streamline set gradually brick heap is arranged in can stacking brick layer brick Collating unit, the brick rotating device that brick layer is fed forward, with by each brick layer successively code into shaping piled bricks brick stacking device;It is described Brick collating unit includes for brick layer subtracting brick device relative to what last layer or a next layer of brick layer reduction at least row or one were arranged;It is described Brick rotating device includes for brick layer turning brick device relative to what last layer or next layer of brick layer rotated predetermined angular;The dress that stacks bricks Put including the brick layer of the row of reduction or row is pulled open, make to form one, two or three above space between adjacent row or row Mechanical tong;The above-mentioned lifting conveying flap for turning the brick layer that brick device is conveyed including horizontal bearing by above-mentioned brick collating unit, The device of rotation driving for driving lifting conveying flap to rotate, is carried on the attachment means below lifting conveying flap, four supports Transmission pole below attachment means, and drive transmission pole to be moved to the lifting of above-mentioned brick stacking device transmission lifting conveying flap Dynamic drive device;Each transmission pole is isometric, be parallel to each other and not in the same plane;It is each it is described transmission pole upper end with The attachment means are articulated, and lower end is articulated with corresponding connecting portion;Above-mentioned brick rotating device is also transported including brick Pivoted frame body;Above-mentioned attachment means are level board, and four contour above-mentioned transmission poles are along and phase parallel with the conveying direction of brick Into matrix distribution, four upper ends of the transmission pole are respectively by the upper water perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick in vertical direction Flat turn axle is articulated in the lower section of the level board, and four lower ends of the transmission pole are respectively by parallel with upper horizontal rotating shaft Lower horizontal rotating shaft be articulated on the above-mentioned connecting portion of brick operating support body;Above-mentioned lifting moving drive device includes at least one The individual first fluid cylinder pressure driven towards above-mentioned brick stacking device direction, one end of the first fluid cylinder pressure is articulated in the brick operating On support body, the other end is articulated with transmission pole described at least one.

In above-mentioned attachment means, the device of rotation driving is set above-mentioned device of rotation driving by vertical direction Rotating drive shaft carries out rotation driving to above-mentioned lifting conveying flap, and the attachment means pass through institute with the lifting conveying flap State rotating drive shaft connection.

Above-mentioned device of rotation driving includes two second fluid cylinder pressures, the piston rod direction phase of second fluid cylinder pressure described in two Instead, the piston rod of second fluid cylinder pressure described in two is extended with tooth bar, is formed with above-mentioned rotating drive shaft and tooth bar phase described in two The in-line gears of matching, tooth bar described in two is meshed with the relative side face of the in-line gears respectively, and tooth bar difference described in two Arrange the compression driven pulley that the oriented in-line gears are compressed.

The axis of above-mentioned in-line gears and two above-mentioned compression driven pulleys be in same perpendicular in, and this perpendicular with Two above-mentioned tooth bars are perpendicular.

Above-mentioned brick rotating device also includes the brick layer that above-mentioned lifting is conveyed on flap is pushed to the of above-mentioned brick stacking device Two pushers;Second pusher is included along brick conveying direction on above-mentioned brick operating support body and in the lifting The second guide beam above conveying flap, and the second brick pushing hands of brick is pushed away along the walking of the second guide beam on the second guide beam; The second brick pushing hands is equipped with the second travel driving unit and the second lifting drive.

The above-mentioned brick device that subtracts includes that push and block are carried out to brick heap perpendicular to brick-entering direction enters to reduce an at least row or a row brick Enter the push and block plate of amount, and the push and block drive device for driving push and block plate.

Above-mentioned brick collating unit also includes that brick arranges support body, and the brick arrangement of brick layer is carried and conveyed on brick arrangement support body Transport platform, and the brick layer that brick is arranged in transport platform is pushed to the first pusher of above-mentioned brick rotating device.

The brick mouthful that enters of above-mentioned brick collating unit is in the side that above-mentioned brick arranges transport platform, and above-mentioned push and block plate is erected on above-mentioned The opposite side corresponding with brick mouthful is entered in brick arrangement transport platform;Above-mentioned first pusher is included along brick conveying direction located at above-mentioned The first guide beam above transport platform is arranged on brick arrangement support body and in the brick, and is led along first on the first guide beam The first brick pushing hands of brick is pushed away to beam walking;The first brick pushing hands is equipped with the first travel driving unit and the first lifting drives dress Put.

Above-mentioned brick stacking device includes the load brick opening-closing plate of the brick layer that horizontal bearing is conveyed by above-mentioned brick rotating device, drives and carries The folding driving mechanism of brick opening-closing plate folding, clamps brick layer and the above-mentioned mechanical tong for pulling open the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, And drive mechanical tong to clamp the driving clamping device of brick layer, and drive what mechanical tong pulled open brick layer to pull open drive device.

Above-mentioned mechanical tong include two be clamped in the row of reduction or row brick layer both sides, the row of reduction or arrange brick layer Row or exclusive side tong monomer, the tong monomer includes the mobile folder that is outwards moved in parallel along folded edge bearing of trend Body.

Above-mentioned tong monomer includes the first slide bar set along folded edge bearing of trend, and is fixed on the first slide bar The first retaining clip, above-mentioned mobile clamp includes sliding the first movement clamp and the second movement on first slide bar Clamp;First retaining clip is between the described first movement clamp and the second movement clamp.

At least one slip is provided between above-mentioned first retaining clip and above-mentioned first movement clamp to be slided located at above-mentioned first The first movable clamp block on bar, is provided with least one slip and sets between first retaining clip and above-mentioned second movement clamp In the second movable clamp block on first slide bar;Between the first movement clamp and the adjacent first movable clamp block, Or pass through between the first movement clamp and the adjacent first movable clamp block and between the first adjacent movable clamp block Buckle structure is connected;Between the second movement clamp and adjacent second movable clamp block, or the second movement clamp with Connected by buckle structure between the movable clamp block of adjacent second and between the adjacent second movable clamp block.

Above-mentioned tong monomer includes the first tong arm for upwardly extending, the first tong arm and above-mentioned first slide bar Or first retaining clip connection;Above-mentioned driving clamping device is the first tong arm of one end and tong monomer described in one Connection, the 3rd fluid pressure that the other end is connected with the first tong arm of corresponding connecting portion or another tong monomer Cylinder.

Above-mentioned drive device of pulling open includes the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder and the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder;One end of 4th fluid-pressure cylinder It is connected with above-mentioned first slide bar or the first retaining clip, the other end is connected with the above-mentioned first movement clamp;The 5th fluid pressure One end of cylinder is connected with first slide bar or the first retaining clip, and the other end is connected with the above-mentioned second movement clamp.

Above-mentioned tong monomer includes the second slide bar be arrangeding in parallel above brick layer and with folded edge bearing of trend, and The second retaining clip on the second slide bar is fixed at, above-mentioned mobile clamp includes sliding the 3rd on second slide bar Mobile clamp and the 4th movement clamp;Second retaining clip be in the described 3rd movement clamp and the 4th movement clamp it Between;The lower end of second retaining clip has the fixed folder portion for clamping brick layer, the 3rd movement clamp and the 4th movement folder The lower end of body has the mobile folder portion for clamping brick layer respectively.

At least one the 3rd are respectively equipped between the above-mentioned fixed folder portion and above-mentioned mobile folder portion of same above-mentioned tong monomer Movable clamp block and the 4th movable clamp block;Between described 3rd movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion, or the described 3rd By removable grafting knot between movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion and between adjacent 3rd movable clamp block Structure is connected;Between described 4th movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion, or the described 4th movable clamp block and adjacent shifting Connected by removable connected structure between dynamic folder portion and between the adjacent the 4th movable clamp block.

Above-mentioned tong monomer includes the second tong arm for upwardly extending, and the second tong arm includes and above-mentioned second First arm monomer of retaining clip connection, and two the second arm monomers that second movement clamp above-mentioned with two is connected respectively; Above-mentioned driving clamping device includes being connected to the between corresponding two the first arm monomers of tong single phase described in two Six fluid-pressure cylinders, and it is connected to the 7th fluid pressure between the second arm monomer described in tong single phase corresponding two described in two Cylinder, and the 8th fluid-pressure cylinder being connected between corresponding two other the described second arm monomer of tong single phase described in two.

Above-mentioned drive device of pulling open includes the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder and the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder;One end of 9th fluid-pressure cylinder It is connected with above-mentioned second slide bar or the second retaining clip, the other end is connected with the above-mentioned 3rd movement clamp;The tenth fluid pressure One end of cylinder is connected with second slide bar or the second retaining clip, and the other end is connected with the above-mentioned 4th movement clamp.

Above-mentioned load brick opening-closing plate includes two panels the first plate and the second plate stitched together;Above-mentioned folding driving mechanism includes Folding drive chain that is horizontally disposed and extending along first plate and the second plate orientation, the two ends point of the folding drive chain Not carried by folding sprocket wheel;Wherein one single-stranded connection of first plate and the folding drive chain, second plate and institute State another single-stranded connection of folding drive chain.

Above-mentioned folding driving mechanism includes two above-mentioned folding drive chains being parallel to each other;Folding drive chain described in two is arranged There are the folding power set for driving the operating of folding drive chain;Folding drive chain described in two passes through with the two above-mentioned folding sprocket wheels of one end The folding power transmission shaft coaxial transmission connection of one level, the folding power transmission shaft is provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket, the folding The rotary output axis of power set are provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket, the folding drive sprocket and the folding drive sprocket It is corresponding and connected by folding driving-chain.

Above-mentioned brick stacking device also includes carrying above-mentioned load brick opening-closing plate, folding driving mechanism, mechanical tong, clamping driving dress Put and pull open the crane of drive device, and the lifting drive for driving the crane lifting.

Above-mentioned brick stacking device also includes carrying the support body that stacks bricks of above-mentioned crane;Above-mentioned lifting drive includes two the One elevating chain, two the second elevating chains, and drive the driver of the first elevating chain and the second elevating chain;Described in two First elevating chain is arranged in parallel, and the lower end balance of the first elevating chain described in two is connected to one end of the crane, The the first lifting sprocket wheel and the second lifting sprocket wheel that upper end bypasses located at the support body top that stacks bricks successively respectively connect with the support body that stacks bricks Connect;Second elevating chain described in two be arranged in parallel with the first elevating chain described in two, holds level with both hands under the second elevating chain described in two Weighing apparatus is connected to the other end of the crane, and upper end bypasses the 3rd lifting sprocket wheel and the located at the support body top that stacks bricks successively respectively Four lifting sprocket wheels are connected with the support body that stacks bricks;First elevating chain described in two includes bypassing respectively the second lifting sprocket wheel described in two And the first linkage section being connected with the support body that stacks bricks;Second elevating chain described in two includes bypassing the 4th lifting described in two respectively Sprocket wheel and the second linkage section being connected with the support body that stacks bricks;First linkage section is parallel to each other with second linkage section; The driver includes the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder, and four piston rod ends located at the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder respectively to described in two Second linkage section described in first linkage section and two is supported the lifting drive sprocket of propulsion.

Above-mentioned brick stacking device is also equipped with the confession rack device that brick bracket is placed between corresponding adjacent brick layer.

The upstream of above-mentioned brick collating unit is additionally provided with brick conveying device;The brick collating unit to enter brick mouthful defeated with the brick Device tail end is sent to be connected, and the conveying direction of the brick conveying device is perpendicular with the conveying direction of the brick collating unit.

Above-mentioned brick conveying device includes conveyer belt, and the brick-discharging device that brick is placed on conveyer belt is connected in conveyer belt tail end Live-roller conveying device, brick is pushed into the 3rd pusher of above-mentioned brick collating unit, and located at live-roller conveying device tail Terminal block lives the retaining device of brick supporting plate.

Above-mentioned retaining device is that upper surface is higher than brick supporting plate lower surface, and less than the level board of brick splint upper surface.

Above-mentioned brick conveying device also includes that brick conveys support body;Above-mentioned 3rd pusher includes being located at institute along brick conveying direction State on brick conveying support body and the 3rd guide beam above above-mentioned live-roller conveying device and retaining device, and located at the 3rd The 3rd brick pushing hands of brick is pushed away on guide beam along the walking of the 3rd guide beam;The 3rd brick pushing hands is equipped with the third line and walks drive device With the 3rd lifting drive.

Above-mentioned brick conveying device also includes catcher, and the catcher is included located at above-mentioned live-roller conveying device Between live-roller and with the push pedal conveyor chain of the axially in parallel extension of live-roller, be carried on the push pedal chain at push pedal conveyor chain two ends Wheel, carries out the push pedal hand of push pedal, and the push pedal drive device for driving the operating of push pedal conveyor chain on push pedal conveyor chain;Institute State the upper surface of the upper surface less than the live-roller of push pedal conveyor chain, upper table of the push pedal hand higher than the live-roller Face.

Above-mentioned catcher includes two above-mentioned push pedal conveyor chains being parallel to each other;Push pedal conveyor chain is same described in two The two above-mentioned push pedal sprocket wheels at end are connected by the push pedal power transmission shaft coaxial transmission of a level, and the push pedal power transmission shaft is provided with coaxial Push pedal drive sprocket, the rotary output axis of the push pedal drive device are provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket, the push pedal transmission Sprocket wheel is corresponding with the push pedal drive sprocket and is connected by push pedal driving-chain.

Above-mentioned catcher is equipped and is connected in the dress panel assembly of above-mentioned push pedal conveyor chain tail end.

The upstream of above-mentioned brick conveying device is additionally provided with piled bricks apparatus for shaping;The piled bricks apparatus for shaping includes defeated towards the brick Send device direction to transport the shaping conveyer belt of the piled bricks with brick supporting plate, the rolling of piled bricks can be upwards held up under shaping conveyer belt Axle picking-up device, the axis of rolling of shaping conveyer belt side is erected on along the neat device of conveying direction arrangement form by multiple, and By another lateral neatly vertical abutment plate of the device against piled bricks of shaping conveyer belt;The roller bearing picking-up device includes multiple axis Along conveying direction and into the roller bearing of matrix distribution, and the picking-up drive device for driving up roller bearing;The shaping conveyer belt has For the port that the roller bearing is passed through.

Multiple above-mentioned roller bearings are carried by supporting plate, and the supporting plate passes through multiple support bases and is articulated in one one by one with each roller bearing Rise;The lower surface of the supporting plate is formed with by a lateral opposite side inclined inclined-plane gradually downward, and inclined-plane is equal described at least two The even lower surface for being distributed in the supporting plate;Above-mentioned picking-up drive device includes that inclined direction extends gradually downward along the inclined-plane The 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder, at least two located at the piston rod end of the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder and one by one pad located at each inclined-plane The roller of lower section.

Four above-mentioned inclined-planes are uniformly distributed in the lower surface of above-mentioned supporting plate, and four above-mentioned rollers are with four inclined-planes one by one Coordinate;The supporting plate is equipped with retention device away from one end of above-mentioned picking-up drive device;Four lower sections of the roller are by holding Carrier for bearing, above-mentioned 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder is connected with the loading plate.

The upstream of above-mentioned piled bricks apparatus for shaping is additionally provided with and supplies brick device;The downstream of above-mentioned brick stacking device along streamline direction also It is sequentially provided with brick packing apparatus and goes out brick device.

Above-mentioned brick packing apparatus is equipped to carry and convey and is conveyed by the packing of the good shaping piled bricks of above-mentioned brick stacking device code Chain belt, the packing conveyor chain is provided with multiple support bars for extending in the width direction and arranging along its length, adjacent There is the gap passed through for packing rope between support bar.

After adopting the above technical scheme, the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically of the invention, breaks through the construction of traditional equipment that stacks bricks Form, in practical work process, brick collating unit by brick heap be arranged in can stacking brick layer, and can be relative by corresponding brick layer An at least row or a row are reduced in the last layer or next layer of brick layer of the row of reduction or row, is easy to down-stream that brick layer is pulled into tool There is the brick layer corresponding with other brick layer sizes in space;After brick rotating device is connected to the brick layer of brick collating unit conveying, will be corresponding Brick layer rotate predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, odd-level brick layer can not such as be rotated, and antithesis Several layers of brick layer are rotated, and predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or the angle rotated for corresponding brick, be easy to adjacent Brick layer carries out intersection and enumerates, and shaping piled bricks is more stablized;Palletizing apparatus, can while can enumerate the brick layer of the row of reduction or row The brick layer of the row of reduction or row is pulled open, makes to form space more than one, two or three between adjacent row or row, then enter Row is enumerated, and after mould brick pile is packaged, this space is easy to toter to insert crawl, such as when with two spaces, is available for Two limbs insertion of fork truck is carried.Compared with prior art, offline stack bricks automatically streamline, its matter that stacks bricks of the invention Measure, efficiency high, and shaping piled bricks is easy to the toters such as fork truck to be transported, mechanization, high degree of automation, is suitable for each Brick and brick forming machine are planted, it is practical.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the first partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the second partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the 3rd partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the 4th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 6 is the 5th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the 6th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 8 is the 7th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Fig. 9 is the 8th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Figure 10 is the 9th partial structural diagram of the invention;

Figure 11 is the structural representation of tong monomer first embodiment;

Figure 12 is that driving clamping device is connected to knot between two first tong arms in tong monomer first embodiment Structure schematic diagram;

Figure 13 shows for the decomposition texture of the movable clamp block of tong monomer second embodiment the 3rd and the 4th movable clamp block It is intended to;

Figure 14 is the use state structural representation of tong monomer first embodiment;

Brick layer is pulled open status architecture schematic diagram by Figure 15 for tong monomer first embodiment;

Figure 16 is the planar structure schematic diagram for being molded piled bricks;

Figure 17 is the planar structure schematic diagram of another shaping piled bricks;

Figure 18 is the vertical view easy structure schematic diagram of the offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of two-wire.

In figure:

1- brick collating units 11- subtracts brick device 111- push and block plate 112- push and block drive device 12- bricks arrangement support body 13- arranges transport platform 14- the first pusher 141- the first guide beam 142- the first brick pushing hands the first hoofing parts of 1421- The lifting drives of device 1422- first

2- brick rotating devices 21- turns brick device 211- lifting conveying flap 212- device of rotation driving 2121- and rotates biography Moving axis 2122- second fluid cylinder pressure 2123- tooth bars 2124- compresses driven pulley 213- attachment means 214- transmission poles 215- lifting moving drive device 22- bricks operate support body 23- the second pusher 231- the second guide beam the second bricks of 232- Pushing hands 2321- the second travel driving unit the second lifting drives of 2322-

3- brick stacking devices 31- machinery tong 311- tong monomer 3111- the first slide bar the first retaining clips of 3112- 3113- the first tong arm 3114- the second slide bar the second retaining clips of 3115- 31151- fixes folder portion 3116- second and presss from both sides Hand arm 31161- the first arm monomer 31162- the second arm monomers 30- movement clamps 301- first moves clamp The movable clamp block 305- the 3rd of the first movable clamp block 304- second of the movement clamps of 302- second 303- move clamp 3051- Mobile folder portion 306- the 4th moves the movable clamp blocks of movable clamp block 308- the 4th of clamp 3061- movement folder portions 307- the 3rd 300- buckle structures 32- carries brick opening-closing plate 321- the first plate 322- the second plate 33- folding driving mechanism 331- foldings and drives Chain 332- folding sprocket wheel 333- folding power set 3331- folding drive sprocket 334- folding power transmission shaft 3341- foldings are passed The fluid-pressure cylinder 35- of the 6th the 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 343- of fluid-pressure cylinder 342- of movable sprocket 34- driving clamping devices 341- the 8th Pull open the fluids of the 5th the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 354- of fluid-pressure cylinder 353- of drive device the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 352- of 351- the tenth Cylinder pressure 36- crane 37- lifting drives 371- the first elevating chain 3711- the first linkage section the second lift chains of 372- Article fluid-pressure cylinder 3732- of 3721- the second linkage section 373- drivers 3731- the 11st lifting drive sprocket 374- first Lifting sprocket wheel 375- second lifts sprocket wheel 376- the 3rd and lifts sprocket wheel 377- the 4th and lift sprocket wheel 38- and stacks bricks support body 39- confessions Rack device

The pushers of 4- brick conveying device 41- conveyer belt 42- brick-discharging device 43- live-roller conveying devices 44- the 3rd The brick pushing hands 4421- the third lines of the 3rd guide beam 442- of 441- the 3rd walk the lifting drive 45- of drive device 4422- the 3rd Retaining device 46- conveying support body 47- catcher 471- push pedal conveyor chain 472- push pedal sprocket wheel 473- push pedal hands 474- Push pedal drive device 4741- push pedal drive sprocket 475- push pedal power transmission shaft 4751- push pedal drive sprockets 476- fills panel assembly

5- piled bricks apparatus for shaping 51- shaping conveyer belt 52- roller bearing picking-up device 521- roller bearings 522- holds up and drives dress Put the neat device 54- of fluid-pressure cylinder 5222- roller 523- supporting plate 5231- inclined-plane 524- loading plates 53- of 5221- the 12nd Vertical abutment plate 6- supplies brick device

7- brick packing apparatus 71- packings conveyor chain 711- support bars 8- goes out brick device

9- brick heap 91- brick layer 92- is molded piled bricks 93- piled bricks 94- brick supporting plate 95- brick brackets.

Specific embodiment

In order to technical scheme is explained further, it is described in detail below by specific embodiment.

The offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically of the invention, as shown in Fig. 1-18, including brick collating unit 1, the and of brick rotating device 2 Brick stacking device 3.

Brick collating unit 1, brick rotating device 2 and brick stacking device 3 set gradually along streamline;Brick collating unit 1 is by brick heap 9 Be arranged in can stacking brick layer 91;The brick layer 91 that brick rotating device 2 conveys brick collating unit 1 continues forward conveying;Stack bricks dress Put 3 by each brick layer 91 successively code into shaping piled bricks 92;Brick collating unit 1 is included brick layer 91 relative to last layer or next layer of brick Layer 91 reduce an at least rows or one row subtract brick device 11;Brick rotating device 2 is included brick layer 91 relative to last layer or next Layer brick layer 91 rotates predetermined angular and turns brick device 21;Brick stacking device 3 includes pulling open the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, makes phase The mechanical tong 31 in one, two or three above space is formed between adjacent row or row.The present invention in practical work process, Brick collating unit 1 by brick heap 9 be arranged in can stacking the row of reduction or row brick layer 91, and can by corresponding brick layer 91 relative to The last layer or next layer of brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row reduce an at least row or a row, are easy to down-stream to pull into brick layer 91 With space brick layer 91 corresponding with other sizes of brick layer 91;Brick rotating device 2 is connected to the brick layer 91 of the conveying of brick collating unit 1 Afterwards, corresponding brick layer 91 is rotated into predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer, odd-level brick layer 91 can not be such as entered Row is rotated, and dual numbers layer brick layer 91 is rotated, predetermined angular can be 90 °, 180 ° or be rotated for corresponding brick Angle is easy to adjacent brick layer 91 to carry out intersection to enumerate, and shaping piled bricks 92 is more stablized;Palletizing apparatus 3 can enumerate the row of reduction Or row brick layer 91 while, the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row can be pulled open, make formation one, two between adjacent row or row The individual or space of more than three, then enumerated, after mould brick pile 92 is packaged, this space is easy to toter to insert to grab Take, such as when with two spaces, be available for two limbs of fork truck to insert and carried.

Preferably, subtracting brick device 11 includes carrying out push and block to brick heap 9 to reduce an at least row or perpendicular to brick-entering direction The push and block plate 111 of row brick inlet, and drive the push and block drive device 112 of push and block plate 111.Concrete structure can be that push and block drive Device 112 be cross-brace located at the back side of push and block plate 111 oil cylinder, push and block plate 111 brick heap 9 can normally be stopped (not to Preceding propulsion), the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row is formed, and can be according to the control of control device (not shown), in corresponding brick When heap 9 enters brick collating unit 1, drive push and block plate 111 to carry out push and block to brick heap 9, make this brick heap 9 relative to normal brick heap 9 Reduce an at least row or a row brick inlet, formed relative to the row of reduction or row brick layer 91 reduce an at least row or one arrange Brick layer 91.

Preferably, brick collating unit 1 also includes that brick arranges support body 12, is carried on brick arrangement support body 12 and conveying brick layer 91 brick arrangement transport platform 13, and the brick layer 91 that brick is arranged in transport platform 13 is pushed to the first push of brick rotating device 2 Device 14.Brick heap 9 into being carried on after brick collating unit 1 in arrangement transport platform 13, push and block plate 111 brick heap 9 is stopped or Push and block, then the first pusher 14 by push it is whole by the side of brick heap 9 in the way of advance brick heap to the direction of brick rotating device 2 9, stop or push and block and propulsion several times can be repeated according to the brick width that enters of brick heap size and brick heap 9, until forming rule The brick layer 91 being sized, the pusher 14 of push and block plate 111 and first is engaged and brick heap 9 is arranged in this way.

Preferably, the brick mouthful that enters of brick collating unit 1 is in the side that brick arranges transport platform 13, and push and block plate 111 is erected on brick The opposite side corresponding with brick mouthful is entered in arrangement transport platform 13;First pusher 14 includes being arranged located at brick along brick conveying direction On support body 12 and in the first guide beam 141 of the top of brick arrangement transport platform 13, and led along first on the first guide beam 141 Walked to beam 141 and push away the first brick pushing hands 142 of brick;First brick pushing hands 142 is equipped with the first travel driving unit 1421 and first Lifting drive 1422.The the first brick pushing hands 142 of driving of first travel driving unit 1421 carries out pushing away brick, and the first lifting drives dress 1422 the first brick of driving pushing hands 142 are put to rise or fall, after decline be used for push away brick, when forward push brick layer 91 after, during retrogressing on Rise, rear into the brick heap 9 of brick collating unit 1 can be hidden.

Preferably, the lifting conveying flap of the brick layer 91 that brick device 21 is conveyed including horizontal bearing by brick collating unit 1 is turned 211, the device of rotation driving 212 for driving lifting conveying flap 211 to rotate is carried on the connection of the lower section of lifting conveying flap 211 Device 213, at least three transmission poles 214 for being supported in the lower section of attachment means 213, and transmission pole 214 is driven to the dress that stacks bricks Put the lifting moving drive device 215 of 3 transmissions lifting conveying flap 211;Each transmission pole 214 is isometric, be parallel to each other and do not exist In same plane, i.e., each transmission pole 214 will not be arranged in a row or a row, the parallel framework supporting structure of Special composition, to even Connection device 213 forms supporting surface, supporting & stablizing;The upper end of each transmission pole 214 is articulated with attachment means 213, lower end It is articulated with corresponding connecting portion.In the course of the work, lifting moving drive device 215 drive it is each transmission pole 214 according to On lower side as fulcrum, swung to brick stacking device 3, using parallel bar swing principle, lifting conveying flap 211 by it is parallel forward, (or downward) movement upwards, and the meeting generation turn simultaneously of conveying flap 211 is lifted under the driving of device of rotation driving 212 simultaneously It is dynamic, i.e., upper and lower, front and rear and rotation action is realized simultaneously.Rule, the arrangement side of the brick layer 91 of adjacent layer are enumerated according to brick layer 91 To the perpendicular stability that just can guarantee that and enumerate, device of rotation driving 212 drives 211 dual numbers layers or strange of lifting conveying flap Several layers of brick layer 91 carries out rotation predetermined angular.

In order to further optimize the transmission effect of transmission pole 214, it is preferable that brick rotating device 2 also includes that brick operates frame Body 22;Attachment means 213 are level board, and four contour transmission poles 214 are along parallel with the conveying direction of brick and perpendicular Direction into matrix distribution, i.e., four transmission pole 214 cross-sectional distribution on four points of rectangle;Four transmission poles 214 upper end is articulated in the attachment means of level board form by the upper horizontal rotating shaft perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick respectively 213 lower section, the lower end of four transmission poles 214 is articulated in brick by the lower horizontal rotating shaft parallel with upper horizontal rotating shaft respectively Operate on the above-mentioned connecting portion of support body 22;Lifting moving drive device 215 includes at least one towards the driving of the direction of brick stacking device 3 First fluid cylinder pressure, one end of the first fluid cylinder pressure is articulated on brick operating support body 22, and the other end and at least one is driven Pole 214 is articulated.Concrete structure can be that two first fluid cylinder pressures are respectively supported at further away from brick stacking device 3 Two transmission pole 214 medium positions.

Preferably, in attachment means 213, device of rotation driving 212 is set device of rotation driving 212 by vertical direction 2121 pairs of lifting conveying flaps 211 of the rotating drive shaft put carry out rotation driving, attachment means 213 and lifting conveying flap 211 Connected by rotating drive shaft 2121.

Preferably, device of rotation driving 212 includes two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122, the work of two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 Stopper rod is in opposite direction, and the piston rod of two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 is extended with tooth bar 2123, is formed with rotating drive shaft 2121 The in-line gears matched with two tooth bars 2123, two tooth bars 2123 are meshed with the relative side face of the in-line gears respectively, and Two tooth bars 2123 arrange the compression driven pulley 2124 that the oriented in-line gears are compressed respectively.Two compression driven pulleys 2124 can ensure Amount tooth bar 2123 meshes together all the time with the in-line gears.Two second fluid cylinder pressures 2122 are simultaneously to rotating drive shaft 2121 It is driven, rotates rotating drive shaft 2121, and then drives lifting conveying flap 211 to rotate.

In order to ensure the driving effect of device of rotation driving 212, it is preferable that above-mentioned in-line gears and two compress driven pulley 2124 axis is in same perpendicular, and this perpendicular is perpendicular with two tooth bars 2123.And can further make coaxial Gear and two compresses driven pulley 2124 in isometry position.

Preferably, brick rotating device 2 also includes that the brick layer 91 that will be lifted on conveying flap 211 pushes to brick stacking device 3 Second pusher 23;Second pusher 23 includes being conveyed on brick operating support body 22 and in lifting along brick conveying direction Second guide beam 231 of the top of flap 211, and push away the second of brick along the walking of the second guide beam 231 on the second guide beam 231 Brick pushing hands 232;Second brick pushing hands 232 is equipped with the second travel driving unit 2321 and the second lifting drive 2322.Work as liter After brick layer 91 is transported to certain position by drop conveying flap 211, the brick that lifting conveying flap 211 can lead to brick stacking device 3 with Guide plate is engaged, and the second brick pushing hands 232 will lift the brick layer 91 on conveying flap 211 and passes through after declining using the second brick pushing hands 232 Cross the brick guide plate and be pushed to brick stacking device 3.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 includes the load brick opening-closing plate 32 of the brick layer 91 that horizontal bearing is conveyed by brick rotating device 2, The folding driving mechanism 33 for carrying the folding of brick opening-closing plate 32 is driven, brick layer 91 is clamped and is pulled open the row of reduction or the brick layer 91 for arranging Mechanical tong 31, and drive mechanical tong 31 to clamp the driving clamping device 34 of brick layer 91, and drive mechanical tong 31 to pull open Brick layer 91 pulls open drive device 35.In the course of the work, carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and carry brick layer 91, mechanical tong 31 is by brick layer 91 Clamp, and according to control device control, when the brick layer 91 that brick layer 91 is the row of reduction or row, be not required to carry out pulling open operation, only Need to open load brick opening-closing plate 32, mechanical tong 31 is unclamped, and brick layer 91 is leaked down;When the brick layer that brick layer 91 is the row of reduction or row 91 suitably pull open, and make its size identical with the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row, make to form one, two or three between row or row Space above.

Preferably, mechanical tong 31 include two be clamped in the row of reduction or arrange the both sides of brick layer 91, or the row of reduction or The row of the brick layer 91 of row or the tong monomer 311 of exclusive side, tong monomer 311 include outwards parallel along folded edge bearing of trend Mobile mobile clamp 30.I.e. when the brick layer 91 that brick layer 91 is the row of reduction or row, tong monomer 311 is clamped in brick layer 91 Both sides, are preferably interposed on the side parallel with brick approach axis;When the brick layer 91 that brick layer 91 is the row of reduction or row, tong Monomer 311 is clamped in the row of brick layer 91 or exclusive side, so, when mobile clamp 30 is outwards parallel along folded edge bearing of trend When mobile, corresponding row or row can be pulled out, make to produce space between adjacent row or row.

The preferred first embodiment of tong monomer 311 is that tong monomer 311 includes being set along folded edge bearing of trend The first slide bar 3111, and the first retaining clip 3112 being fixed on the first slide bar 3111, mobile clamp 30 includes sliding The first movement movement clamp 302 of clamp 301 and second on the first slide bar 3111;First retaining clip 3112 is in first Between the mobile movement of clamp 301 and second clamp 302.So, the first retaining clip 3112 of two tong monomers 311 clamps centre The brick at place, the first movement movement clamp 302 of clamp 301 and second of two tong monomers 311 clamps the brick of both sides respectively, when first When the mobile movement of clamp 301 and second clamp 302 is pulled outwardly respectively, the brick of both sides can form two spaces with middle brick, this Two spaces are available for two limbs insertion of fork truck to be carried.

Preferably, at least one slip is provided with located at first between the first retaining clip 3112 and the first movement clamp 301 The first movable clamp block 303 on slide bar 3111, at least one is provided between the first retaining clip 3112 and the second movement clamp 302 Individual the second movable clamp block 304 slided on the first slide bar 3111;When the movable clamp block 303 of only one of which first, the Connected by buckle structure 300 between one movement clamp 301 and the adjacent first movable clamp block 303, it is more than two when having During the first movable clamp block 303, between the first movement clamp 301 and the adjacent first movable clamp block 303 and adjacent the Connected by buckle structure 300 between one movable clamp block 303;When the movable clamp block 304 of only one of which second, the second movement Connected by buckle structure 300 between clamp 302 and the adjacent second movable clamp block 304, lived when having more than two second During dynamic clamp block 304, second moves between clamp 302 and the adjacent second movable clamp block 304 and the second adjacent activity Connected by buckle structure 300 between clamp block 304.Can be according to ginsengs such as the width of the size of the brick to be pulled open and middle brick Number, by the movable clamp block 304 of the first of respective numbers the movable clamp block 303 and second respectively with the first movement clamp 301 and the Two movement clamps 302 are connected by buckle structure 300, when not needing the activity clamp block 304 of the first movable clamp block 303 and second When, only need to open buckle structure 300.

Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes the first tong arm 3113 for upwardly extending, the first tong arm 3113 and the One slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112 are connected;Driving clamping device 34 is the first of one end and one tong monomer 311 Tong arm 3113 is connected, and the other end is connected with the first tong arm 3113 of corresponding connecting portion or another tong monomer 311 The 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder.I.e. when the other end of the driving clamping device 34 of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form is connected with corresponding connecting portion When, the first tong arm 3113 of one tong monomer 311 can be only driven, when the driving clamping device of the 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder form When the first tong arm 3113 of 34 another tong monomer 311 of the other end is connected, the of two tong monomers 311 can be simultaneously driven One tong arm 3113.

Preferably, pulling open drive device 35 includes the 4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 and the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352;4th fluid pressure One end of cylinder 351 is connected with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112, and the other end is connected with the first movement clamp 301; One end of 5th fluid-pressure cylinder 352 is connected with the first slide bar 3111 or the first retaining clip 3112, and the other end and the second movement are pressed from both sides Body 302 is connected.4th fluid-pressure cylinder 351 can drive the first movement clamp 301 along the inside and outside slip of the first slide bar 3111, the 5th fluid Cylinder pressure 352 can drive the second movement clamp 302 along the inside and outside slip of the first slide bar 3111.

The preferred second embodiment of tong monomer 311 is, tong monomer 311 include in the top of brick layer 91 and with it is folded The second slide bar 3114 that edge bearing of trend be arranged in parallel, and the second retaining clip being fixed on the second slide bar 3114 3115, mobile clamp 30 includes sliding the 3rd movement movement clamp 306 of clamp 305 and the 4th on the second slide bar 3114; Second retaining clip 3115 is between the 3rd movement movement clamp 306 of clamp 305 and the 4th;Under second retaining clip 3115 The lower end that end has the fixed folder portion 31151 for clamping brick layer 91, the 3rd movement clamp 305 has the mobile folder portion for clamping brick layer 91 3051, the lower end of the 4th movement clamp 306 has the mobile folder portion 3061 for clamping brick layer 91.So, the of two tong monomers 311 Two retaining clips 3115 clamp the brick of middle, the 3rd movement clamp 305 of two tong monomers 311 by fixed folder portion 31151 Pass through the brick that mobile folder portion 3051 clamps both sides respectively with the 4th movement clamp 306, when the 3rd movement clamp 305 and the 4th is moved When clamp 306 is pulled outwardly respectively, the brick of both sides can form two spaces with middle brick, and this two spaces are available for two of fork truck Limb insertion is carried.

Preferably, it is respectively equipped with least one between the fixed folder portion 31151 of same tong monomer 311 and mobile folder portion 3061 The movable clamp block 308 of individual 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th;When the movable clamp block 307 of only one of which the 3rd, the 3rd activity Connected by removable connected structure between clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061, when having more than two three During movable clamp block 307, between the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 and the 3rd adjacent activity Connected by removable connected structure between clamp block 307;When the movable clamp block 308 of only one of which the 4th, the 4th activity Connected by removable connected structure between clamp block 308 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061, when having more than two four During movable clamp block 308, between the 4th movable clamp block 308 and adjacent mobile folder portion 3061 and the 4th adjacent activity Connected by removable connected structure between clamp block 308.Can be according to the size of the brick to be pulled open and the width of middle brick Etc. parameter, the movable clamp block 308 of the 3rd of respective numbers the movable clamp block 307 and the 4th is moved into clamp 305 with the 3rd respectively Connected by removable connected structure with the 4th movement clamp 306, when not needing, the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th is movable During clamp block 308, the movable clamp block 308 of the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th need to only be pulled down.Concrete structure can be, The movable clamp block 308 of 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th includes particle size corresponding with the mobile external dimensions of folder portion 3061 respectively Section and thin diameter section, mobile folder portion 3061 have the socket for thin diameter section insertion, and thin diameter section coordinates as removable with the grafting of socket The connected structure of dress.When having more than two three movable clamp blocks 307 and the 4th movable clamp block 308, the 3rd activity folder The wide section of the movable clamp block 308 of body block 307 and the 4th has for the movable clamp of the adjacent the 3rd movable clamp block 307 and the 4th The socket of the thin diameter section insertion of block 308, realizes moving the conversion of the length of folder portion 3061 with this.

Preferably, tong monomer 311 includes the second tong arm 3116 for upwardly extending, and the second tong arm 3116 includes The first arm monomer 31161 for being connected with the second retaining clip 3115, and two be connected with two second movement clamps 302 respectively Second arm monomer 31162;Driving clamping device 34 includes being connected to two corresponding the first arm lists of two tong monomers 311 The 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 341 between body 31161, and it is connected to two second corresponding arm monomers of two tong monomers 311 The 7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342 between 31162, and it is connected to two other corresponding the second arm monomer of two tong monomers 311 The 8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 between 31162.So, the 6th fluid-pressure cylinder 341 drives two tong monomers 311 corresponding simultaneously Two the first arm monomers 31161;7th fluid-pressure cylinder 342 drives two second corresponding arms of two tong monomers 311 simultaneously Monomer 31162;8th fluid-pressure cylinder 343 drives two other corresponding the second arm monomer of two tong monomers 311 simultaneously 31162。

Preferably, pulling open drive device 35 includes the 9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 and the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354;9th fluid pressure One end of cylinder 353 is connected with the second slide bar 3114 or the second retaining clip 3115, and the other end is connected with the 3rd movement clamp 305; One end of tenth fluid-pressure cylinder 354 is connected with the second slide bar 3114 or the second retaining clip 3115, and the other end and the 4th movement are pressed from both sides Body 306 is connected.9th fluid-pressure cylinder 353 can drive the 3rd movement clamp 305 along the inside and outside slip of the second slide bar 3114, the tenth fluid Cylinder pressure 354 can drive the 4th movement clamp 306 along the inside and outside slip of the second slide bar 3114.

Preferably, carrying brick opening-closing plate 32 includes two panels the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 stitched together;Folding drives Device 33 includes folding drive chain 331 that is horizontally disposed and extending along the first plate 321 and the orientation of the second plate 322, and folding is driven The two ends of dynamic chain 331 are carried by folding sprocket wheel 332 respectively;Wherein one single-stranded company of the first plate 321 and folding drive chain 331 Connect, another single-stranded connection of the second plate 322 and folding drive chain 331.So, when folding drive chain 331 is operated, wherein one Bar is single-stranded to drive the first plate 321 to a lateral movement, and another the second plate 322 of single-stranded drive makes the first plate 321 to another lateral movement Realize separating with the second plate 322, leak down for brick layer 91;When folding 331 antiport of drive chain, the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 realize merging.Specifically, the first plate 321 and the second plate 322 are also equipped with rail plate.

Preferably, folding driving mechanism 33 includes two folding drive chains 331 being parallel to each other;Two folding drive chains 331 It is equipped with the folding power set 333 for driving the operating of folding drive chain 331;Two folding drive chains 331 with one end two folding chains Wheel 332 is connected by the coaxial transmission of folding power transmission shaft 334 of a level, and folding power transmission shaft 334 is provided with coaxial folding driving-chain Wheel 3341, the rotary output axis of folding power set 333 are provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket 332, folding drive sprocket 3341 It is corresponding with folding drive sprocket 332 and connected by folding driving-chain.Folding power set 333 pass through folding drive sprocket 332 drive folding driving-chains are driven to folding drive sprocket 3341, and then folding power transmission shaft 334 drives two folding sprocket wheels 332 drive two folding drive chains 331 to operate respectively.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes carrying and carries brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, mechanical tong 31, clamps Drive device 34 and the crane 36 for pulling open drive device 35, and the lifting drive 37 for driving the lifting of crane 36. In the course of work, lifting drive 37 drives crane 36 with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32, folding driving mechanism 33, mechanical tong 31st, driving clamping device 34 and pull open drive device 35 and lift appropriate height, such as can be according to the height of the brick layer 91 that lower section is enumerated Spend to adjust falling head, lifting height is the height for receiving the brick layer 91 on brick rotating device 2.Specifically, crane 36 is gone back It is equipped with rail plate.

Preferably, brick stacking device 3 also includes carrying the support body 38 that stacks bricks of crane 36;Lifting drive 37 includes two First elevating chain 371, two the second elevating chains 372, and drive the first elevating chain 371 and the second elevating chain 372 Driver 373;Two first elevating chains 371 are arranged in parallel, and the lower end balance of two first elevating chains 371 is connected to liter One end of frame 36 drops, and upper end bypasses the first lifting lift chain of sprocket wheel 374 and second located at the top of support body 38 that stacks bricks successively respectively Wheel 375 is connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 be arranged in parallel with two first elevating chains 371, two second liftings The lower end balance of chain 372 is connected to the other end of crane 36, and upper end bypasses located at the top of support body 38 that stacks bricks successively respectively The 3rd lifting lifting sprocket wheel 377 of sprocket wheel 376 and the 4th is connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two first elevating chains 371 respectively include around Cross two second lifting sprocket wheels 375 and the first linkage section 3711 being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;Two second elevating chains 372 are wrapped respectively Include the second linkage section 3721 for bypassing two the 4th lifting sprocket wheels 377 and being connected with the support body 38 that stacks bricks;First linkage section 3711 and Two linkage sections 3721 are parallel to each other;Driver 373 includes the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder 3731, and four are located at the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder The lifting that 3731 piston rod end is supported propulsion to two first linkage sections 3711 and two second linkage sections 3721 respectively is driven Movable sprocket 3732.So, driver 373 drives four lifting drive sprockets 3732, to two first linkage sections 3711 and two second Linkage section 3721 is supported propulsion, and the first elevating chain 371 and the second elevating chain 372 can be pulled to drive on crane 36 Rise;When driver 373 does not drive, crane 36 declines.

According to actual needs, especially when code special form brick, in order to further be easy to stack bricks, it is preferable that brick stacking device 3 is also It is equipped with the confession rack device 39 that brick bracket 95 is placed between corresponding adjacent brick layer 91.Brick bracket 95 has for toter such as The jack of the limb insertion of fork truck etc., is easy to carry.

Preferably, the upstream of brick collating unit 1 is additionally provided with brick conveying device 4;The Zhuan Kou that enters of brick collating unit 1 is conveyed with brick The tail end of device 4 is connected, and the conveying direction of brick conveying device 4 is perpendicular with the conveying direction of brick collating unit 1.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 include conveyer belt 41, the brick-discharging device 42 that brick is placed on conveyer belt 41, be connected in The live-roller conveying device 43 of the tail end of conveyer belt 41, brick is pushed into the 3rd pusher 44 of brick collating unit 1, and located at transmission The tail end of roller conveying device 43 blocks the retaining device 45 of brick supporting plate 94.Retaining device 45 blocks brick supporting plate 94, and the 3rd pushes dress 44 are put to push brick heap 9 to brick collating unit 1.

In order to implement the function and construction of retaining device 45, it is preferable that retaining device 45 is that upper surface is higher than brick support The lower surface of plate 94, and less than the level board of the upper surface of brick supporting plate 94.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 also includes that brick conveys support body 46;3rd pusher 44 includes being set along brick conveying direction Conveyed on support body 46 and the 3rd guide beam 441, Yi Jishe in live-roller conveying device 43 and the top of retaining device 45 in brick The 3rd brick pushing hands 442 of brick is pushed away in being walked along the 3rd guide beam 441 on the 3rd guide beam 441;3rd brick pushing hands 442 is equipped with Three travel driving units 4421 and the 3rd lifting drive 4422.3rd pusher 44 utilizes the 3rd brick pushing hands after declining Brick heap 9 on conveyer belt 41 is pushed to brick collating unit 1 by 442 by brick supporting plate 94 and retaining device 45.

Preferably, brick conveying device 4 also includes catcher 47, and catcher 47 includes being located at live-roller conveying device 43 Live-roller between and with the push pedal conveyor chain 471 of the axially in parallel extension of live-roller, be carried on the two ends of push pedal conveyor chain 471 Push pedal sprocket wheel 472, carry out the push pedal hand 473 of push pedal on push pedal conveyor chain 471, and drive push pedal conveyor chain 471 The push pedal drive device 474 of operating;The upper surface of push pedal conveyor chain 471 is less than the upper surface of the live-roller, push pedal hand 473 Higher than the upper surface of the live-roller.Push pedal drive device 474 drives push pedal conveyor chain 471 to operate, and push pedal hand 473 promotes brick The side of supporting plate 94, brick supporting plate 94 is pushed from transmission roll shaft carries out receipts plate.

Preferably, catcher 47 includes two push pedal conveyor chains 471 being parallel to each other;Two push pedal conveyor chains 471 Connected by the coaxial transmission of push pedal power transmission shaft 475 of a level with the two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 of one end, push pedal power transmission shaft 475 is provided with Coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4751, the rotary output axis of push pedal drive device 474 are provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket 4741, Push pedal drive sprocket 4751 is corresponding with push pedal drive sprocket 4741 and is connected by push pedal driving-chain.Push pedal drive device 474 Push pedal driving-chain is driven to be driven push pedal drive sprocket 4751 by push pedal drive sprocket 4741, and then push pedal power transmission shaft 475 two push pedal sprocket wheels 472 of drive drive two push pedal conveyor chains 471 to operate respectively.

In order that mechanism is more complete, and it is easy to receive plate, it is preferable that catcher 47 is equipped and is connected in push pedal carrier chain Dress panel assembly 476 with 471 tail ends.

Preferably, the upstream of brick conveying device 4 is additionally provided with piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5;Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 is included towards brick conveying The shaping conveyer belt 5141 of the piled bricks with brick supporting plate 94 is transported in the direction of device 4, can be held in the palm upwards under shaping conveyer belt 5141 The roller bearing picking-up device 52 of piled bricks is played, the axis of rolling for being erected on the side of shaping conveyer belt 5141 by multiple arranges shape along conveying direction Into neat device 53, and by another lateral neat device 53 of shaping conveyer belt 5141 against piled bricks vertical abutment plate 54;Rolling Axle picking-up device 52 includes multiple axis along conveying direction and into the roller bearing 521 of matrix distribution, and the support for driving up roller bearing 521 Play drive device 522;Shaping conveyer belt 5141 has the port passed through for roller bearing 521.Piled bricks apparatus for shaping 4 is held up using roller bearing Device 52 holds up piled bricks 93, is kept out in the side of piled bricks 93 by neat device 53, then by vertical abutment plate 54 in opposite side by brick Pile 93 is to neat device 53 against carrying out shaping to piled bricks 93.

Preferably, multiple roller bearings 521 are carried by supporting plate 523, and supporting plate 523 passes through multiple support bases with each roller bearing 521 one by one It is articulated;The lower surface of supporting plate 523 is formed with by a lateral opposite side inclined inclined-plane 5231, at least two gradually downward Inclined-plane 5231 is uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523;Drive device 522 is held up including inclined gradually downward along inclined-plane 5231 The 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 that direction extends, at least two located at the piston rod end and one by one of the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 Roller 5222 of the pad located at the lower section of each inclined-plane 5231.The driving rolls 5222 of 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 is moved forward, using by Gradually downward-sloping inclined-plane 5231, takes advantage of a situation supporting plate 523 and the jack-up of roller bearing 521, and then by the jack-up of piled bricks 93.

Preferably, four inclined-planes 5231 are uniformly distributed in the lower surface of supporting plate 523, four rolling 5222 and four inclined-planes 5231 coordinate one by one;Supporting plate 523 is equipped with retention device away from the one end for holding up drive device 522;Under four rolling 5222 Side is carried by loading plate 524, and the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder 5221 is connected with loading plate 524.

In order to form the successive and complete streamline that stacks bricks, it is preferable that the upstream of piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 is additionally provided with confession Brick device 6;The downstream of brick stacking device 3 is also sequentially provided with brick packing apparatus 7 and goes out brick device 8 along streamline direction.

Preferably, brick packing apparatus 7 is equipped with carrying and conveys defeated by the packings of 3 yards of good shaping piled bricks 92 of brick stacking device Chain belt 71 is sent, packing conveyor chain 71 is provided with multiple support bars 711 for extending in the width direction and arranging along its length, phase There is the gap passed through for packing rope between adjacent support bar 711.The concretely chain of conveyor chain 71, support bar 711 connects Chain chain is connected to tie.

Offline automatic the stack bricks streamline, such as Fig. 1-18 of two-wire, including two above-mentioned offline stack bricks automatically streamlines, two institutes The brick collating unit 1 and brick rotating device 2 for stating the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically share same brick stacking device 3.I.e. two it is above-mentioned from Line stacks bricks streamline as streamline monomer automatically, the offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of a whole piece two-wire is fused into, in order to abundant And brick stacking device 3 is efficiently utilized, two offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically share same brick stacking device 3, using wherein one The offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically phoresys the off time of brick, and another offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically is stacked bricks, and completely may be used Stacked bricks the twice of efficiency so that the efficiency that stacks bricks is risen into the individually above-mentioned offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically, and mechanism's utilization rate also shows Write and improve, greatly save cost.Further, the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically also shares same brick packing apparatus 7 and goes out described in two Brick device 8.

For the confession brick of the above-mentioned offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically of reasonable coordination two, it is preferable that two of brick stacking device 3 enter brick Mouth is in relative both sides, and two brick rotating devices 2 are corresponded to respectively.

One kind stacks bricks method, such as Fig. 1-18, comprises the following steps:

(1), to piled bricks 93 of the supply with layer brick heap 9 of piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5, filled by piled bricks shaping using for brick device 6 Put 5 to hold up piled bricks 93 using roller bearing picking-up device 52, kept out in the side of piled bricks 93, then by vertical abutment plate by neat device 53 54 in opposite side by piled bricks 93 to neat device 53 against carrying out shaping to piled bricks 93;

(2) brick conveying device 4 utilizes brick-discharging device 42 by the piled bricks 93 on piled bricks apparatus for shaping 5 with the shape of successively brick heap 9 Formula brings up to brick conveying device 4, is fed forward by conveyer belt 41 and live-roller conveying device 43, by retaining device 45 by brick supporting plate 94 Block, and brick supporting plate 94 be conveyed to dress panel assembly 46 using push pedal conveyor chain 471 and push pedal hand 473 by catcher 47, Brick heap 9 is steadily pushed to brick collating unit 1 from the 3rd pusher 44 again;

(3) after brick heap 9 enters brick collating unit 1, brick collating unit 1 is using the push and block plate 111 perpendicular to brick-entering direction Brick heap 9 is stopped, make brick heap 9 be arranged in can stacking the row of reduction or the brick layer 91 of row, or corresponding brick heap 9 is carried out Push and block, make corresponding brick heap 9 reduce an at least row or a row brick inlet, and formation does not reduce row relative to last layer or next layer Row brick layer 91 reduce an at least row or one row brick layer 91, then from the first pusher 14 by brick layer 91 to brick rotating device 2 steady push;

(4) brick rotating device 2 is made using device of rotation driving 212, transmission pole 214 and lifting moving drive device 215 Lifting conveying flap 211 has the function of balancing rotation, reach and lifting, and flap 211 is conveyed by corresponding brick layer 91 by lifting Rotate predetermined angular relative to last layer or next layer of brick layer 91, then from the second pusher 23 by brick layer 91 to brick stacking device 3 steady push;

(5) utilization of brick stacking device 3 carries brick opening-closing plate 32 and carries the brick layer 91 conveyed by brick rotating device 2, mechanical tong 31 By two tong monomers 311 be clamped in the row of reduction or row the both sides of brick layer 91, the row of reduction or arrange brick layer 91 row or Exclusive side, tong monomer 311 is pulled open the brick layer 91 of the row of reduction or row using mobile clamp 30, between making adjacent row or arranging Space more than one, two or three is formed, using crane 36 with dynamic load brick opening-closing plate 32 and mechanical tong 31 by brick layer 91 drop to next layer of good brick layer 91 of code, then carry brick opening-closing plate 32 and open, and mechanical tong 31 unclamps brick layer 91, makes brick layer 91 yards in next layer of brick layer 91;

(6) after the code well shaping piled bricks 92 of corresponding number of plies requirement, beaten using 7 pairs of shaping piled bricks 92 of brick packing apparatus Bag, recycles out brick device 8 by the packed brick output of shaping piled bricks 92.

Offline stack bricks automatically streamline and the method that stacks bricks of the invention, between each mobile clamp and corresponding slide bar, especially It is that forced contact face is provided with the rolling elements such as ball, to reduce friction;Each slide bar is preferably square column type bar structure, each mobile clamp It is the shift sleeve structure being slidably located on slide bar, slide bar can be adjusted with the concrete form of mobile clamp according to actual requirement And design;For the ease of stacking, and the problems such as do not result in brick, it is preferable that the width or length of every layer of brick layer are brick conveying The integral multiple of the brick heap width on device, further, every layer of brick layer is square;The offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks of two-wire Two specific conveying directions and arrangement mode of the offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically etc. can be adjusted and design according to actual requirement.

Product form of the invention is not limited to this case diagram and embodiment, and anyone carries out the appropriate of similar thinking to it Change is modified, and all should be regarded as not departing from patent category of the invention.

Claims (35)

1. stack bricks streamline automatically offline, it is characterised in that:Including being set gradually along streamline, be arranged in brick heap can stacking Brick layer brick collating unit, the brick rotating device that brick layer is fed forward, with by each brick layer successively code into shaping piled bricks code Brick device;The brick collating unit is included brick layer relative to subtracting that last layer or a next layer of brick layer reduction at least row or one are arranged Brick device;The brick rotating device includes filling brick layer relative to the brick that turns of last layer or next layer of brick layer rotation predetermined angular Put;The brick stacking device includes pulling open the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, make between adjacent row or row formation one, two or More than the three mechanical tongs in space;The above-mentioned liter for turning the brick layer that brick device is conveyed including horizontal bearing by above-mentioned brick collating unit Drop conveying flap, the device of rotation driving for driving lifting conveying flap to rotate is carried on the connection dress below lifting conveying flap Put, four transmission poles being supported in below attachment means, and drive transmission pole to the transmission lifting conveying of above-mentioned brick stacking device The lifting moving drive device of flap;Each transmission pole is isometric, be parallel to each other and not in the same plane;Each transmission The upper end of pole is articulated with the attachment means, and lower end is articulated with corresponding connecting portion;Above-mentioned brick operating dress Put and also include brick operating support body;Above-mentioned attachment means are level board, and four contour above-mentioned transmission poles are along the conveying side with brick To parallel and perpendicular direction into matrix distribution, four upper ends of the transmission pole are respectively by the conveying direction with brick Perpendicular upper horizontal rotating shaft is articulated in the lower section of the level board, four lower ends of the transmission pole respectively by with upper water The parallel lower horizontal rotating shaft of flat turn axle is articulated on the above-mentioned connecting portion of the brick operating support body;Above-mentioned lifting moving drives dress Put including at least one first fluid cylinder pressure driven towards above-mentioned brick stacking device direction, one end pivot joint of the first fluid cylinder pressure In on brick operating support body, the other end is articulated with transmission pole described at least one.
2. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned device of rotation driving is located at upper State in attachment means, the device of rotation driving conveys flap and enters by the rotating drive shaft that vertical direction is set to above-mentioned lifting Row is rotated and driven, and the attachment means are connected with the lifting conveying flap by the rotating drive shaft.
3. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned device of rotation driving includes two Individual second fluid cylinder pressure, the piston rod of second fluid cylinder pressure described in two is in opposite direction, the piston rod of second fluid cylinder pressure described in two Tooth bar is extended with, the in-line gears matched with tooth bar described in two are formed with above-mentioned rotating drive shaft, tooth bar difference described in two It is meshed with the relative side face of the in-line gears, and tooth bar described in two arranges the compression that the oriented in-line gears are compressed respectively Driven pulley.
4. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned in-line gears and two above-mentioned pressures The axis of tight driven pulley is in same perpendicular, and this perpendicular is perpendicular with two above-mentioned tooth bars.
5. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick rotating device also includes will Brick layer on above-mentioned lifting conveying flap pushes to the second pusher of above-mentioned brick stacking device;Second pusher includes Along second guide beam of the brick conveying direction on above-mentioned brick operating support body and above the lifting conveying flap, and it is located at The second brick pushing hands of brick is pushed away on second guide beam along the walking of the second guide beam;The second brick pushing hands is equipped with the second hoofing part Device and the second lifting drive.
6. the offline automatic streamline that stacks bricks according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:It is above-mentioned to subtract brick device Including carrying out push and block to brick heap perpendicular to brick-entering direction to reduce the push and block plate of an at least row or a row brick inlet, and driving is pushed away The push and block drive device of baffle plate.
7. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick collating unit also includes brick Arrangement support body, is carried on brick arrangement support body and the brick of conveying brick layer arranges transport platform, and brick is arranged in transport platform Brick layer pushes to the first pusher of above-mentioned brick rotating device.
8. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick collating unit enters Zhuan Kou The side of transport platform is arranged in above-mentioned brick, above-mentioned push and block plate is erected on corresponding with brick mouthful is entered in above-mentioned brick arrangement transport platform Opposite side;Above-mentioned first pusher includes arranging defeated on above-mentioned brick arrangement support body and in the brick along brick conveying direction The first guide beam above platform is sent, and pushes away the first brick pushing hands of brick along the walking of the first guide beam on the first guide beam;It is described First brick pushing hands is equipped with the first travel driving unit and the first lifting drive.
9. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick stacking device holds including level The load brick opening-closing plate of the brick layer conveyed by above-mentioned brick rotating device is carried, the folding driving mechanism for carrying brick opening-closing plate folding, folder is driven Tight brick layer and the above-mentioned mechanical tong for pulling open the brick layer of the row of reduction or row, and drive mechanical tong to clamp the clamping of brick layer Drive device, and drive what mechanical tong pulled open brick layer to pull open drive device.
10. the offline streamline that stacks bricks automatically according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned mechanical tong includes two Be clamped in the row of reduction or row brick layer both sides, the row of reduction or arrange brick layer row or the tong monomer of exclusive side, it is described Tong monomer includes the mobile clamp outwards moved in parallel along folded edge bearing of trend.
The 11. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned tong monomer is included along institute The first slide bar that contained side edge bearing of trend is set, and the first retaining clip being fixed on the first slide bar, above-mentioned mobile clamp Including sliding the first movement clamp on first slide bar and the second movement clamp;First retaining clip is in institute State between the first movement clamp and the second movement clamp.
The 12. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned first retaining clip with it is upper State the first movable clamp block that at least one slip is provided between the first movement clamp on above-mentioned first slide bar, described first Second activity folder of at least one slip on first slide bar is provided between retaining clip and above-mentioned second movement clamp Body block;Between the first movement clamp and adjacent first movable clamp block, or the first movement clamp and adjacent the Connected by buckle structure between one movable clamp block and between the adjacent first movable clamp block;The second movement folder Between body and adjacent second movable clamp block, or between the second movement clamp and the adjacent second movable clamp block, with And connected by buckle structure between the second adjacent movable clamp block.
The 13. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 12, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned tong monomer includes upward The the first tong arm for extending, the first tong arm is connected with above-mentioned first slide bar or the first retaining clip;Above-mentioned clamping Drive device is connected for one end with the first tong arm of tong monomer described in one, the other end and corresponding connecting portion or 3rd fluid-pressure cylinder of the first tong arm connection of another tong monomer.
The 14. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 13, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned drive device of pulling open includes 4th fluid-pressure cylinder and the 5th fluid-pressure cylinder;One end of 4th fluid-pressure cylinder and above-mentioned first slide bar or the first retaining clip Connection, the other end is connected with the above-mentioned first movement clamp;One end of 5th fluid-pressure cylinder and first slide bar or first Retaining clip is connected, and the other end is connected with the above-mentioned second movement clamp.
The 15. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned tong monomer includes being in Brick layer top and the second slide bar being be arranged in parallel with folded edge bearing of trend, and the second fixation being fixed on the second slide bar Clamp, above-mentioned mobile clamp includes sliding the 3rd movement clamp and the 4th movement clamp on second slide bar;It is described Second retaining clip is between the described 3rd movement clamp and the 4th movement clamp;The lower end of second retaining clip has The fixed folder portion of brick layer is clamped, the 3rd movement clamp and the 4th lower end for moving clamp have the movement for clamping brick layer respectively Folder portion.
The 16. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 15, it is characterised in that:Same above-mentioned tong monomer it is upper State and at least one the 3rd movable clamp blocks and the 4th movable clamp block are respectively equipped between fixed folder portion and above-mentioned mobile folder portion;Institute State between the 3rd movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion, or the described 3rd movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion it Between and adjacent 3rd movable clamp block between connected by removable connected structure;The 4th movable clamp block with Between adjacent mobile folder portion, or between the 4th movable clamp block and adjacent mobile folder portion and the 4th adjacent work Connected by removable connected structure between dynamic clamp block.
The 17. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 16, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned tong monomer includes upward The the second tong arm for extending, the second tong arm includes the first arm monomer being connected with above-mentioned second retaining clip, With two the second arm monomers that second movement clamp above-mentioned with two is connected respectively;Above-mentioned driving clamping device includes being connected to two The 6th fluid-pressure cylinder between corresponding two the first arm monomers of the tong single phase, and be connected to described in two and press from both sides The 7th fluid-pressure cylinder between second arm monomer described in hand single phase corresponding two, and it is connected to tong single phase pair described in two The 8th fluid-pressure cylinder between two other the described second arm monomer answered.
The 18. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 17, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned drive device of pulling open includes 9th fluid-pressure cylinder and the tenth fluid-pressure cylinder;One end of 9th fluid-pressure cylinder and above-mentioned second slide bar or the second retaining clip Connection, the other end is connected with the above-mentioned 3rd movement clamp;One end of tenth fluid-pressure cylinder and second slide bar or second Retaining clip is connected, and the other end is connected with the above-mentioned 4th movement clamp.
The 19. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned load brick opening-closing plate includes two Piece the first plate and the second plate stitched together;Above-mentioned folding driving mechanism includes being horizontally disposed with and along first plate and second The folding drive chain that plate orientation extends, the two ends of the folding drive chain are carried by folding sprocket wheel respectively;First plate With wherein one single-stranded connection of the folding drive chain, another single-stranded company of second plate and the folding drive chain Connect.
The 20. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 19, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned folding driving mechanism includes Two above-mentioned folding drive chains being parallel to each other;Folding drive chain described in two is equipped and drives the folding of folding drive chain operating to move Power apparatus;Folding drive chain described in two is connected with the two above-mentioned folding sprocket wheels of one end by the folding power transmission shaft coaxial transmission of a level Connect, the folding power transmission shaft is provided with coaxial folding drive sprocket, the rotary output axis of the folding power set are provided with coaxially Folding drive sprocket, the folding drive sprocket is corresponding with the folding drive sprocket and is connected by folding driving-chain.
The 21. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick stacking device also includes holding Carry above-mentioned load brick opening-closing plate, folding driving mechanism, mechanical tong, driving clamping device and pull open the crane of drive device, with And drive the lifting drive of the crane lifting.
The 22. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 21, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick stacking device also includes holding Carry the support body that stacks bricks of above-mentioned crane;Above-mentioned lifting drive include two the first elevating chains, two the second elevating chains, And drive the driver of the first elevating chain and the second elevating chain;First elevating chain is arranged in parallel described in two, and two The lower end balance of first elevating chain is connected to one end of the crane, and upper end bypasses located at the support body that stacks bricks successively respectively The first lifting sprocket wheel on top and the second lifting sprocket wheel are connected with the support body that stacks bricks;Described in second elevating chain and two described in two First elevating chain be arranged in parallel, and the lower end balance of the second elevating chain described in two is connected to the other end of the crane, on The 3rd lifting sprocket wheel and the 4th lifting sprocket wheel that end bypasses located at the support body top that stacks bricks successively respectively are connected with the support body that stacks bricks; First elevating chain described in two includes bypassing respectively the second lifting sprocket wheel described in two and the first company being connected with the support body that stacks bricks Connect section;Second elevating chain described in two includes bypassing described in two respectively the 4th lifting sprocket wheel and be connected with the support body that stacks bricks the Two linkage sections;First linkage section is parallel to each other with second linkage section;The driver includes the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder, With four piston rod ends located at the 11st fluid-pressure cylinder respectively to the second linkage section described in the first linkage section and two described in two It is supported the lifting drive sprocket of propulsion.
The 23. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick stacking device is also equipped The confession rack device that brick bracket is placed between corresponding adjacent brick layer.
The 24. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The upstream of above-mentioned brick collating unit It is additionally provided with brick conveying device;The brick mouthful that enters of the brick collating unit is connected with the brick conveying device tail end, and the brick is conveyed The conveying direction of device is perpendicular with the conveying direction of the brick collating unit.
The 25. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 24, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick conveying device includes defeated Band is sent, the brick-discharging device that brick is placed on conveyer belt is connected the live-roller conveying device in conveyer belt tail end, brick is pushed into above-mentioned 3rd pusher of brick collating unit, and the retaining device of brick supporting plate is blocked located at live-roller conveying device tail end.
The 26. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 25, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned retaining device is upper surface Higher than brick supporting plate lower surface, and less than the level board of brick splint upper surface.
The 27. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 26, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick conveying device also includes Brick conveys support body;Above-mentioned 3rd pusher is included along brick conveying direction on brick conveying support body and in above-mentioned transmission The 3rd guide beam above roller conveying device and retaining device, and push away brick along the walking of the 3rd guide beam on the 3rd guide beam The 3rd brick pushing hands;The 3rd brick pushing hands is equipped with the third line and walks drive device and the 3rd lifting drive.
The 28. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 27, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick conveying device also includes Catcher, the catcher includes between the live-roller of above-mentioned live-roller conveying device and axially in parallel with live-roller The push pedal conveyor chain of extension, is carried on the push pedal sprocket wheel at push pedal conveyor chain two ends, is pushed away on push pedal conveyor chain The push pedal hand of plate, and drive the push pedal drive device of push pedal conveyor chain operating;The upper surface of the push pedal conveyor chain is less than The upper surface of the live-roller, upper surface of the push pedal hand higher than the live-roller.
The 29. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 28, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned catcher includes two The above-mentioned push pedal conveyor chain being parallel to each other;Push pedal conveyor chain described in two passes through a level with the two above-mentioned push pedal sprocket wheels of one end The connection of push pedal power transmission shaft coaxial transmission, the push pedal power transmission shaft is provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket, and the push pedal drives dress The rotary output axis put are provided with coaxial push pedal drive sprocket, and the push pedal drive sprocket is corresponding with the push pedal drive sprocket And connected by push pedal driving-chain.
The 30. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 29, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned catcher is equipped with rank It is connected to the dress panel assembly of above-mentioned push pedal conveyor chain tail end.
The 31. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 24, it is characterised in that:The upstream of above-mentioned brick conveying device It is additionally provided with piled bricks apparatus for shaping;The piled bricks apparatus for shaping includes transporting the piled bricks with brick supporting plate towards the brick conveying device direction Shaping conveyer belt, the roller bearing picking-up device of piled bricks can be upwards held up under shaping conveyer belt, shaping is erected on by multiple The axis of rolling of conveyer belt side along conveying direction arrangement form neat device, and by another lateral neat device of shaping conveyer belt Against the vertical abutment plate of piled bricks;The roller bearing picking-up device includes multiple axis along conveying direction and into the rolling of matrix distribution Axle, and drive up the picking-up drive device of roller bearing;The shaping conveyer belt has the port passed through for the roller bearing.
The 32. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 31, it is characterised in that:Multiple above-mentioned roller bearings are held by supporting plate Carry, the supporting plate passes through multiple support bases and is articulated one by one with each roller bearing;The lower surface of the supporting plate be formed with by One lateral opposite side inclined inclined-plane gradually downward, inclined-plane described at least two is uniformly distributed in the lower surface of the supporting plate;On State and hold up drive device including along the inclined-plane the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder that inclined direction extends gradually downward, at least two set Pad in the piston rod end of the 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder and one by one the roller below each inclined-plane.
The 33. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 32, it is characterised in that:Four above-mentioned inclined-planes are uniformly distributed In the lower surface of above-mentioned supporting plate, four above-mentioned rollers coordinate one by one with four inclined-planes;The supporting plate drives away from above-mentioned picking-up One end of dynamic device is equipped with retention device;Four lower sections of the roller are carried by loading plate, above-mentioned 12nd fluid-pressure cylinder It is connected with the loading plate.
The 34. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 31, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned piled bricks apparatus for shaping it is upper Trip is additionally provided with and supplies brick device;The downstream of above-mentioned brick stacking device is also sequentially provided with brick packing apparatus along streamline direction and brick output is filled Put.
The 35. offline streamlines that stack bricks automatically according to claim 34, it is characterised in that:Above-mentioned brick packing apparatus is equipped Carry and convey by the packing conveyor chain of the good shaping piled bricks of above-mentioned brick stacking device code, the packing conveyor chain is provided with many The individual support bar for extending in the width direction and arranging along its length, has what is passed through for packing rope between adjacent support bar Gap.
CN201410684952.XA 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 Offline automatic brick stacking assembly line CN104444395B (en)

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CN105858237A (en) 2016-08-17

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