CN105839392A - 一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺 - Google Patents

一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺 Download PDF

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CN105839392A
CN105839392A CN201610297796.0A CN201610297796A CN105839392A CN 105839392 A CN105839392 A CN 105839392A CN 201610297796 A CN201610297796 A CN 201610297796A CN 105839392 A CN105839392 A CN 105839392A
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程晓红
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RUGAO XIEHE PRINTING AND DYEING CO Ltd
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    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
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    • D06B3/18Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics combined with squeezing, e.g. in padding machines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C9/00Singeing
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    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System
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    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/50Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with hydrogen peroxide or peroxides of metals; with persulfuric, permanganic, pernitric, percarbonic acids or their salts
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    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/77Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with silicon or compounds thereof
    • D06M11/79Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with silicon or compounds thereof with silicon dioxide, silicic acids or their salts
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/40Reduced friction resistance, lubricant properties; Sizing compositions

Abstract

本发明公开了一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;本发明的优点在于:本发明通过在面料的印染加工之前添加了前处理工艺,并且将冷堆液和蒸洗液进行合理的调配,使得处理后的面料功能性更佳,能够有效的满足后道工序的需求;通过采用本工艺,避免了天丝与麻棉交织面料在加工过程中容易产生的擦伤、皱条、手感粗糙等缺点,使得处理后的天丝与麻棉交织面料具有光泽好、透气性好、更滑爽、悬垂性好、更飘逸的优点。

Description

一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺
技术领域
[0001]本发明属于纺织面料生产加工技术领域,具体涉及一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺。
背景技术
[0002]随着时代的发展进步,有关生态、环保、无公害等绿色概念将越来越深入人心。绿色食品已经受到消费者的青昧,随之具有绿色概念的面料服饰,必将受到高度关注,开发前景非常广阔,同行业的开发竞争将呈现多方位、多层次。
[0003]天丝作为21世纪技术最成熟的绿色纤维,具有天然纤维的吸湿性、涤纶纤维的干湿高强力、粘胶纤维的悬垂性及真丝纤维的手感等物理机械性能,同时还具有环境友好性的优点,符合纺织“安全、环保、健康”的发展趋势。
[0004]目前,常见及使用广泛的织物有纯棉织物、真丝织物、亚麻织物和人造纤维织物。纯棉织物由于穿着舒适受到人们的普遍欢迎,但是在使用过程中,棉织物会滋生大量的细菌和瞒虫,容易发霉变味,而且不宜在洗涤液中浸泡过久和长时间曝晒,给使用者带来不便。尽管人们曾经尝试用添加抗菌剂的办法对棉织物进行抗菌处理,但这种添加剂不环保,并且可能对人体健康产生一定的影响。另外,棉织品虽穿着舒适,但是不利于速干,同时棉织物易掉浮色,洗涤时要防止串染和搭色,不便于洗涤;真丝织物存在洗涤、保养困难,不易打理,容易变形、褪色,价格昂贵等缺点;亚麻织物存在抗皱性能差,表面粗糙,暗淡、没有光泽等缺点,只能用于制造较低档次的服装;人造纤维织物人体穿着、接触时感觉不舒适,容易对皮肤产生刺激,易产生静电。
发明内容
[0005]本发明的目的在于针对现有技术的不足,现提供一种工艺简单、操作方便的天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺。
[0006]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案为:一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,其创新点在于:经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下:
(1)冷堆:冷堆液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、4Kg的水玻璃、15Kg的精炼剂、25Kg的30%双氧水和2Kg的渗透剂,制备得到600L的冷堆液,所述每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;将面料进行冷堆,所述冷堆时间为20-24小时;
(2)蒸洗:
a.蒸洗液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、15Kg的精炼剂和25Kg的30%双氧水制备得到600L的蒸洗液,所述每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;双槽浸料,进行短蒸;
b.短蒸开机前,蒸箱后水封口需添加精炼剂,所述精炼剂的用量为20L ;
(3)烧毛:采用四火口进行两正两反烧毛;(4)半丝光:制备130-150g/L的浓碱,采用双浸双乳,绷布滚筒进行半丝光处理。
[0007]进一步的,所述步骤(2)中的短蒸时间为l-1.5min,所述短蒸温度为100-102°C。
[0008] 进一步的,所述烧毛机的车速为100-110m/min。
[0009]进一步的,所述浓碱的浓度为380g/L。
[0010]本发明的有益效果如下:本发明通过在面料的印染加工之前添加了前处理工艺,并且将冷堆液和蒸洗液进行合理的调配,使得处理后的面料功能性更佳,能够有效的满足后道工序的需求;通过采用本工艺,避免了天丝与麻棉交织面料在加工过程中容易产生的擦伤、皱条、手感粗糙等缺点,使得处理后的天丝与麻棉交织面料具有光泽好、透气性好、更滑爽、悬垂性好、更飘逸的优点。
具体实施方式
[0011]以下由特定的具体实施例说明本发明的实施方式,熟悉此技术的人士可由本说明书所揭露的内容轻易地了解本发明的其他优点及功效。
[0012] 实施例1
一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;具体步骤如下:
(1)冷堆:冷堆液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、4Kg的水玻璃、15Kg的精炼剂、25Kg的30%双氧水和2Kg的渗透剂,制备得到600L的冷堆液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;将面料进行冷堆,冷堆时间为20小时;
(2)蒸洗:
a.蒸洗液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、15Kg的精炼剂和25Kg的30%双氧水制备得到600L的蒸洗液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;双槽浸料,进行短蒸,短蒸时间为lmin,短蒸温度为100°C;
b.短蒸开机前,蒸箱后水封口需添加精炼剂,精炼剂的用量为20L ;
(3)烧毛:采用四火口进行两正两反烧毛;烧毛机的车速为100m/min;
(4)半丝光:制备130g/L的浓碱,采用双浸双乳,绷布滚筒进行半丝光处理。
[0013] 实施例2
一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;具体步骤如下:
(1)冷堆:冷堆液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、4Kg的水玻璃、15Kg的精炼剂、25Kg的30%双氧水和2Kg的渗透剂,制备得到600L的冷堆液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;将面料进行冷堆,冷堆时间为24小时;
(2)蒸洗:
a.蒸洗液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、15Kg的精炼剂和25Kg的30%双氧水制备得到600L的蒸洗液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;双槽浸料,进行短蒸,短蒸时间为1.5min,短蒸温度为102°C;
b.短蒸开机前,蒸箱后水封口需添加精炼剂,精炼剂的用量为20L ;
(3)烧毛:采用四火口进行两正两反烧毛;烧毛机的车速为110m/min;
(4)半丝光:制备150g/L的浓碱,采用双浸双乳,绷布滚筒进行半丝光处理。
[0014] 实施例3
一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;具体步骤如下:
(1)冷堆:冷堆液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、4Kg的水玻璃、15Kg的精炼剂、25Kg的30%双氧水和2Kg的渗透剂,制备得到600L的冷堆液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;将面料进行冷堆,冷堆时间为22小时;
(2)蒸洗:
a.蒸洗液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、15Kg的精炼剂和25Kg的30%双氧水制备得到600L的蒸洗液,每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;双槽浸料,进行短蒸,短蒸时间为1.3min,短蒸温度为10rC;
b.短蒸开机前,蒸箱后水封口需添加精炼剂,精炼剂的用量为20L ;
(3)烧毛:采用四火口进行两正两反烧毛;烧毛机的车速为105m/min;
(4)半丝光:制备140g/L的浓碱,采用双浸双乳,绷布滚筒进行半丝光处理。
[0015]本发明通过在面料的印染加工之前添加了前处理工艺,并且将冷堆液和蒸洗液进行合理的调配,使得处理后的面料功能性更佳,能够有效的满足后道工序的需求;通过采用本工艺,避免了天丝与麻棉交织面料在加工过程中容易产生的擦伤、皱条、手感粗糙等缺点,使得处理后的天丝与麻棉交织面料具有光泽好、透气性好、更滑爽、悬垂性好、更飘逸的优点。
[0016]上述实施例只是本发明的较佳实施例,并不是对本发明技术方案的限制,只要是不经过创造性劳动即可在上述实施例的基础上实现的技术方案,均应视为落入本发明专利的权利保护范围内。

Claims (4)

1.一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,其特征在于:经过冷堆、蒸洗、烧毛和半丝光步骤,完成天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: (1)冷堆:冷堆液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、4Kg的水玻璃、15Kg的精炼剂、25Kg的30%双氧水和2Kg的渗透剂,制备得到600L的冷堆液,所述每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;将面料进行冷堆,所述冷堆时间为20-24小时; (2)蒸洗: a.蒸洗液的制备:依次加入300L的水、80L的浓碱、3Kg的螯合剂、3Kg的稳定剂、15Kg的精炼剂和25Kg的30%双氧水制备得到600L的蒸洗液,所述每加一个成份后均需要进行搅拌均匀;双槽浸料,进行短蒸; b.短蒸开机前,蒸箱后水封口需添加精炼剂,所述精炼剂的用量为20L ; 烧毛:采用四火口进行两正两反烧毛; 半丝光:制备130-150g/L的浓碱,采用双浸双乳,绷布滚筒进行半丝光处理。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤(2 )中的短蒸时间为1-1.5min,所述短蒸温度为100_102 °C。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述烧毛机的车速为100-110m/min。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种天丝与麻棉交织面料的前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述浓碱浓度为:380g/L。
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