CN105728427A - Method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by geothermal method - Google Patents

Method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by geothermal method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105728427A
CN105728427A CN201610071619.0A CN201610071619A CN105728427A CN 105728427 A CN105728427 A CN 105728427A CN 201610071619 A CN201610071619 A CN 201610071619A CN 105728427 A CN105728427 A CN 105728427A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
breeding
earthworm
lumbricus
geothermal
organic waste
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CN201610071619.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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陈国清
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陈国清
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Priority to CN201610071619.0A priority Critical patent/CN105728427A/en
Publication of CN105728427A publication Critical patent/CN105728427A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms

Abstract

The invention provides a method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by a geothermal method. The method consists of a truss type crane, a double-layer water accumulation temperature control type fermentation pool, a special earthworm cultivation tank, a geothermal cultivation room, an illuminating system, a ventilating system and a monitoring system. The method has five processes of garbage classification, garbage fermentation, earthworm digestion, separation and recovery of earthworm feces and earthworms, and realizes the purposes of harmless treatment and recycling of the organic garbage.

Description

The method processing organic waste with geothermal method breeding earthworm
Technical field
The present invention relates to vermiculture technology, a kind of method that particularly batch production harmless resource utilization processes organic waste
Background technology
Along with the continuous progress of society, people create substantial amounts of composting in life.As, building waste, garbage, food and drink residue, pigs and cattle feces, crop Fructus Citri tangerinae bar etc..Common life refuse processing method is filled, is burned.But, this processing method can not realize recycling organic waste, also pollutes environment.Current vermiculture realizes mainly by box culturing bed, pool culturing bed and slot type culturing bed.The method has that equipment is simple, yields poorly, by the feature of seasonal effect.Abroad, as Canada early useful Lumbricus processes the precedent of 10 tons of domestic wastes every day, Lumbricus being used as high protein feed, earthworm excrement is good organic fertilizer, achieves good economic results in society.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim to overcome that conventional garbage processes the deficiency with earthworm culture method, it is provided that a kind of geothermal method breeding earthworm processes the method for organic waste.Process and compared with earthworm culture method with conventional garbage, this method vermiculture is not changed the impact in particularly winter by seasonal climate, there is batch production harmless resource utilization and process organic waste feature, efficient pollution-free, while the problem solving organic garbage treatment turned waste into wealth, the yield of Lumbricus is greatly improved.
Technical scheme:
The method processing organic waste with geothermal method breeding earthworm, is made up of purlin formula crane, fermentation vat, the special breeding trough of Lumbricus, underground heat breeding room, warmhouse booth, ventilation heat exchange system, illuminator, monitoring system.Two, purlin formula crane, in underground heat breeding room one, mainly undertakes handling breeding trough by ground one;Double-deck water-retention temp.-controlled type fermentation vat several, it is embedded in outdoor ground, outer layer concrete structure, inner layer steel plate structure, which is provided with cover plate, ectonexine clear distance 15 centimetres, middle water-retention, which is provided with Large Diameter Pipeline overflow pipe flow to attemperater, by in water circulating pump to breeding room, return to after radiator at the bottom of fermentation vat, by the control to water temperature, make the edible of the erbium material optimum Lumbricus after fermentation;Special breeding trough, long 4 meters, wide 2 meters, high 0.3 meter, 40*60 angle steel load-bearing skeleton, 2 meters of interval sets groove buttress, in underground heat breeding room, consistency from top to bottom stacks, and surrounding and bottom are provided with densely covered formula steel wire, have been provided with breather in the middle of height, being connected with room inner blower during cultivation, light pressure is continuously the earthworm Yin oxygen providing sufficient;Geothermal breeding room top board is embedded under terrace entirely, carry out soil for 2 meters to be advisable, can adjust according to local climate condition, the leading indicators such as its temperature humidity all well meet the life habit of earthworm Yin, breeding room clear height 4 meters, and in room, longitudinal separation 3 meters sets 30 centimetres wide, 30 centimetres high poultry ditches are put down with terrace, bottom of trench is filled with water, and the bottom of trench being filled with water is provided with the galvanized pipe being connected with water circulating pump and is done directly heat exchanger in water, is the adjustment device of the moisture-heat preservation of breeding room;Double-deck warmhouse booth (one big one smaller) is built on the breeding room of hot cell, ground, directly utilize in solar energy warmhouse booth on the one hand and have great Ye vegetable, photosynthesis absorbs the carbon dioxide of the Lumbricus generation sent here through ventilating system, reduce underground heat loss from above on the other hand and pass through ventilating system, winter is the heat in double-deck warmhouse booth and underground breeding room circulation heat-shift, separately it is connected with the airduct in vermiculture groove by main vent with small-sized fan, there is provided ozone to after heated Lumbricus in breeding trough, run through whole cultivation digestion process;It is some that illuminator is provided with lighting, and night, time opening, mainly prevented the flight of Lumbricus;Monitoring system is made up of intelligent thermometer, intelligent humidity monitoring meter, erbium material moisture content monitoring meter, and Real-time and Dynamic is monitored in breeding room, if any deviation, adjusts in time.
Advantages of the present invention and providing the benefit that:
The method dealing with earthworm organic waste has reached batch production not by seasonal variations, Temin is applicable to winter, the features such as innoxious, resource, the saving energy, efficient pollution-free, while the problem solving organic garbage treatment turned waste into wealth, the yield of Lumbricus is greatly improved, there are good economic results in society.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is geothermal method breeding earthworm cultivation schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with accompanying drawing by following example, but the technology contents that the present embodiment describes is illustrative, rather than determinate, should not limit to protection scope of the present invention according to this.
The invention provides and cultivate the earthworm Yin method processing organic waste with geothermal method, be made up of purlin formula crane, double-deck water-retention temp.-controlled type fermentation vat, the special breeding trough of Lumbricus, underground heat breeding room, double-deck warmhouse booth, ventilation heat exchange system, illuminator, monitoring system.Be by being undertaken rubbish classifying, fermenting, the digestion of Lumbricus, separation, reclaim Yin excrement and Lumbricus five process, it is achieved that discarded house refuse has been carried out the purpose of harmless treatment and recycling.Including following five steps: by refuse classification, obtain organic organic waste;Organic waste feces, crop Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, garbage, food and drink residues etc. such as () pigs and cattle is put in double-deck controlling temp type fermentation vat fermented, obtain angleworm bait;Bait is placed with in the special breeding trough of Lumbricus of certain density;With ground overhead crane, breeding trough hung in underground heat breeding room, breeding earthworm digests the temperature control water using warmhouse booth and fermentation vat to produce in the process of the erbium material change according to external condition, jointly the key technical index such as the temperature of geothermal breeding room, humidity, ventilation is controlled and is regulated;After dynamic chek erbium material is digested by Lumbricus completely, with overhead crane in breeding room, breeding trough being winched to outdoor, be down flat on whole place, carry out strong illumination with iodine-tungsten lamp, carry out separating of Lumbricus and earthworm excrement, earthworm excrement reclaims and is used as fertilizer.A part of Lumbricus is sold as commodity, makes the feedstuff of high protein;Another part earthworm Yin returns to the next stage continuation process to erbium material.
One way of life waste disposal method provided by the invention, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by refuse classification, obtains organic waste;
The kind of current house refuse relatively more (feces, straw and garbage, the meal meal residue etc. such as plastics, building waste, pigs and cattle), and different types of rubbish has different forms and physicochemical characteristics, therefore, before being processed by rubbish, organic and inorganic classification is carried out on request.After this classification, organic waste will be obtained.
Step 2: organic waste feces, straw and garbage, meal meal residues etc. such as () pigs and cattle purlin formula crane is hung in the inner bag in double-deck controlling temp type fermentation vat, fermented, obtain angleworm bait, water-retention temperature control in ectonexine gallbladder, to reach best ferment effect for main purpose.
Step 3: at the sand loam soil that the permeability cultivating the grain end first auxiliary 5 cm thicks is good, 20000-30000 bar Lumbricus is put in a suitable place to breed by every square metre in it, being placed with in the special breeding trough of Lumbricus of certain density by the bait after fermented, namely breeding trough is hung in underground heat breeding room with overhead crane and stacks according to the order of sequence by thick 25 centimetres of erbium material paving.
Step 4: in cultivation digestion erbium material process, underground heat breeding room has had metastable temperature, humidity, most of time can meet the habit requirement of Lumbricus, is provided with the monitoring systems such as intelligent thermometer, relative humidity meter, erbium material water cut meter in the indoor of underground heat breeding room simultaneously and is monitored.Underground heat breeding room indoor optimum temperature requires to control between 18-24 DEG C, best relative humidity requires to control within the scope of 50%---70%, for reaching this purpose, with water circulating pump by the temperature control water in double-deck controlling temp type fermentation vat, by galvanized pipe, raise in ditch at breeding room, it is made directly heat exchange, breeding room carries out the trickle adjustment that carries out of temperature humidity, and in underground heat breeding room, the water in poultry ditch, plays the dual function of equilibrium temperature humidity;With the warmhouse booth change according to external condition in the process of breeding earthworm digestion in winter erbium material, the key technical index such as the temperature of geothermal breeding room, humidity, ventilation are controlled and regulate;Separately it is connected with the airduct in vermiculture groove by main vent with small-sized fan, there is provided ozone to after heated Lumbricus in breeding trough, persistently carry the fresh air of the slight pressure of 2,000 handkerchiefs, wherein, ventilation duct diameter in breeding trough 15 millimeters, the hole diameter that pitch-row is 200 millimeters 5 millimeters, dry tube diameter is between 20-50 millimeter;In breeding process, time control night lighting system time opening, it is prevented that Lumbricus is fled;Intelligent thermometer, the intelligent humidity monitoring installed are counted, erbium material moisture content monitoring meter composition, and Real-time and Dynamic is monitored in breeding room, if any deviation, adjusts in time, the work of air-supply exhaust system continuous-stable.
Step 5: after dynamic chek erbium material is digested by Lumbricus completely, with overhead crane in breeding room, breeding trough is winched to outdoor, go up on smooth place, carry out strong illumination with iodine-tungsten lamp, separating of Lumbricus and earthworm excrement, earthworm excrement reclaims and is used as fertilizer.A part of Lumbricus is sold as commodity, makes the feedstuff of high protein;Another part earthworm Yin returns to the next stage continuation process to erbium material.So move in circles.

Claims (7)

1. the method processing organic waste with geothermal method breeding earthworm, it is characterised in that be made up of purlin formula crane, double-deck water-retention temp.-controlled type fermentation vat, the special breeding trough of Lumbricus, underground heat breeding room, warmhouse booth, ventilating system, illuminator, monitoring system.Be by being undertaken rubbish classifying, fermenting, the digestion of Lumbricus, separation, reclaim Yin excrement and Lumbricus five process, it is achieved that discarded house refuse has been carried out the purpose of harmless treatment and recycling.Including following five steps: by refuse classification, obtain organic organic waste;Organic waste feces, crop Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, garbage, food and drink residues etc. such as () pigs and cattle is put in double-deck controlling temp type fermentation vat fermented, obtain angleworm bait;Bait is placed with in the special breeding trough of Lumbricus of certain density;With ground overhead crane, breeding trough hung in underground heat breeding room, digest the temperature control water using warmhouse booth and fermentation vat to produce in the process of the erbium material change according to external condition at breeding earthworm, jointly the key technical index such as the temperature of geothermal breeding room, humidity, ventilation are controlled and regulate;After dynamic chek erbium material is digested by Lumbricus completely, with overhead crane in breeding room, breeding trough being winched to outdoor, be down flat on whole place, carry out strong illumination with iodine-tungsten lamp, carry out separating of Lumbricus and earthworm excrement, earthworm excrement reclaims and is used as fertilizer;A part of Lumbricus is sold as commodity, makes the feedstuff of high protein, and another part earthworm Yin returns to the next stage continuation process to erbium material, so moves in circles.
2. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterized in that, by organic waste feces, straw and garbage, meal meal residues etc. such as () pigs and cattle etc. in double-deck water-retention controlling temp type fermentation vat fermented, obtain good angleworm bait.
3. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterised in that be provided with numerous fine-meshed breather in the middle part of breeding trough, provides enough fresh airs to the earthworm Yin of high-density breeding in breeding room.
4. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterized in that, the geothermal breeding room being embedded in underground makes full use of the natural temperature humidity in underground to meet the life habit requirement of Lumbricus, top cover thickness of earth covering is determined according to local climate environmental condition, not by ambient weather and the impact in season, digestion Lumbricus erbium material, energy-conservation environmental protection again continuously.
5. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterised in that hot cell, ground breeding room is provided with temperature formula booth, and breeding room is undertaken the adjustment of temperature humidity by blower fan.
6. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterized in that, being provided with poultry ditch at breeding room, the temperature control water in double-deck controlling temp type fermentation vat directly carries out heat exchange with the water in poultry ditch by circulating water pipe, enters to regulate to temperature in breeding room.
7. the method that geothermal method breeding earthworm according to claim 1 processes organic waste, it is characterised in that a part of Lumbricus is sold as commodity, makes the feedstuff of high protein;Another part earthworm Yin returns to the next stage continuation process to erbium material, and the method can be not only used for the environmental protection industry that vermiculture industry can also be used for organic waste, pigs and cattle night soil-treatment utilizes.
CN201610071619.0A 2016-01-27 2016-01-27 Method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by geothermal method Pending CN105728427A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107197832A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-26 许五妮 A kind of cultural method of edible earthworm
CN108636986A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 李大冶 A method of improving dealing with earthworm rubbish efficiency

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WO2004073898A1 (en) * 2003-02-18 2004-09-02 Jonathan Craig Vermicultural process for asbestos remediation
WO2012088492A2 (en) * 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Vermisoks System and method for continuous vermiculture cycle
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107197832A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-26 许五妮 A kind of cultural method of edible earthworm
CN108636986A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 李大冶 A method of improving dealing with earthworm rubbish efficiency

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