CN203144304U - Movable microbial fermentation system based on countryside straw waste - Google Patents

Movable microbial fermentation system based on countryside straw waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203144304U
CN203144304U CN2013201151601U CN201320115160U CN203144304U CN 203144304 U CN203144304 U CN 203144304U CN 2013201151601 U CN2013201151601 U CN 2013201151601U CN 201320115160 U CN201320115160 U CN 201320115160U CN 203144304 U CN203144304 U CN 203144304U
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China
Prior art keywords
sweathouse
wall
control
fermentation
air supply
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2013201151601U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周培
支月娥
张春华
毛亮
冯海玮
李卉
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model relates to a movable microbial fermentation system based on countryside straw waste, belonging to the technical field of agricultural microbial fermentation. The device comprises a fermentation room, a control room, a moving platform and an inclined plane pedal, wherein the fermentation room and the control room connected therewith are fixedly arranged above the moving platform; and the inclined plane pedal, the fermentation room and the control room are sequentially arranged. The movable microbial fermentation system disclosed by the utility model can realize manual movement, real-time and real-place detachment and countryside distributed straw waste fermentation, thereby saving manpower and conveying cost of raw materials. The movable microbial fermentation system disclosed by the utility model has a special and novel structure, can utilize the countryside straw waste in a more sufficient and reasonable manner and beautify the environment, and further has very strong practicality in the aspect of resource recycling.

Description

Removable microbial fermentation system based on the rural area straw refuse
Technical field
The utility model relates to the device in a kind of agriculture microbial fermentation technology field, specifically is a kind of removable microbial fermentation system based on the rural area straw refuse.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, and annual a lot of peasants carry out open incineration for catching up with farming season, rob sowing, following the line of least resistance with a large amount of agricultural wastes such as stalk etc., produce a large amount of toxic gases, not only contaminate environment, form disaster hidden-trouble, cause traffic hazard, and calorific value is low, not convenient usefulness; In addition, a large amount of daily life rubbish of directly banking up in boorish roadside, rural area etc., as dish leaf pericarp, meal kitchen hogwash, feces of livestock and poultry, food waste residue etc., problem of environmental pollution such as cause that easily sewage crossing current, breath malodor and mosquito disorderly fly has produced very big influence to people's orthobiosis and physical and mental health.Usually contain a large amount of Mierocrystalline celluloses, hemicellulose, pectin, xylogen, organic matter and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace element etc. in stalk and the daily life rubbish, easily decompose, calorific value is low, nutritious.If these organic wastes are recycled, make fertilizer by fermentation and bestow the field, not only can effectively improve the soil, strengthen crop disease-resistant worm ability, and also environment friendly and pollution-free, economize on resources.
In recent years, though China has strengthened the exploitation dynamics that agricultural wastes are recycled, but carry out scale operation based on enterprises and institutions, a large amount of scattered agricultural wastes still can not obtain good recycling in the open-air rural area, rural area, not only cause great environmental pollution, and wasted valuable Biological resources.
Find through the retrieval to prior art, Chinese patent literature CN102876566A, open day 2013-01-16, a kind of " going up the portable marsh-gas fermentation tank of deflector type stalk type " disclosed, being provided with at least three in its tank body arranges and is the sloping baffle of folding shape, the bottom of every slant block board is provided with the sediment mouth, except the slant block board that is positioned at the tank body topmost, all leaves the scum silica frost passage between the upper end of all the other sloping baffles and the inner tank wall; The top of tank body is provided with hopper and air outlet, and the feed-pipe that is connected with hopper and return line extend bottom in the tank body; The tank body bottom is provided with the sediment residual cake valve that is positioned at foot sloping baffle below, and tank body top is provided with the scum silica frost residual cake valve that is positioned at topmost sloping baffle below.But this fermentor tank carries out anaerobically fermenting to stalk produces biogas, does not have and send the oxygen device, if be used for making fertilizer, it is not thorough that auxiliary material such as stalk is become thoroughly decomposed, and is difficult to produce high-quality fertilizer.
Chinese patent literature CN101701177A, open day 2010-05-05 discloses a kind of " mobile anaerobic fermentation container ".This technology arranges the liquid phase sealing and the open chamber housing fermented material of gas phase in the sealed vessel that is provided with the exhaust check device, the top of chamber is made of waterproof ventilated membrane, is communicated with the inlet mouth of exhaust check device on the sealed vessel.Liquid and solid that waterproof ventilated membrane has intercepted fermented material arrive the exhaust check device, only discharge unnecessary gas outside container.But need in good time supplemental oxygen to carry out vital movement for microorganism in the fertilizer making processes, present technique can only keep anaerobic environment, is not suitable for the making fertilizer, and the moving process complicated operation, and it is time-consuming to require great effort.
The utility model content
The utility model is at the prior art above shortcomings, a kind of removable microbial fermentation system based on the rural area straw refuse is proposed, by mobile platform is installed in below between sweathouse and control, with sweathouse with control between body of wall be connected with screw with the rubber strip of paper used for sealing, to realize position control and the stopping property in the fermenting process and the detachability to fermentation equipment, the detection of can fermenting automatically of automation control system between control, monitoring, the control mobile platform, drive pulley forward-reverse and the random direction of adjusting pulley are convenient to remote mobile transportation, maintenance and preservation.Sweathouse of the present utility model is provided with thermal insulation layer, can accelerate course of fermentation, shortens fermentation period, improves economical efficiency.But whole fermentation system can manually move also real-time on-site dismounting, can carry out the distributed straw refuse fermentation in rural area, has saved the cost that the labor and raw material carries; More sufficiently and reasonably utilizing the rural area straw refuse, to beautify the environment, the resource circulation utilization aspect has very strong practicality.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions, and the utility model comprises: between sweathouse, control, mobile platform and inclined-plane pedal, wherein: the top that is fixedly set in mobile platform between sweathouse and the control that is attached thereto; Be arranged in order setting between inclined-plane pedal, sweathouse and control.
Described sweathouse comprises: body of wall, heat insulation door, the exhaust outlet that has exhaust blower, spray equipment and air supply duct, wherein: the surfaces externally and internally of body of wall is respectively stainless steel plate and color steel, flexibly connect between the neighboring walls, heat insulation door is positioned at an end of sweathouse and is rotationally connected with body of wall, the exhaust outlet that has exhaust blower is located at the center of top place of sweathouse, spray equipment is located at the top of fermenting case, and some air supply duct spaced sets are in the sweathouse bottom.
Establish thermal insulation layer between the surfaces externally and internally of described body of wall.
Described flexible connection refers to: removably adopt the rubber strip of paper used for sealing to be connected with screw.
Described sweathouse wall is provided with wall insulating layer, and its inside is provided with interconnective temperature sensor.
Described spray equipment is uniformly distributed in the top of sweathouse.
Described air supply duct links to each other with fan with bellows; And by the centre to arranged on both sides, which is provided with several trumpet type ventpipes, and corresponding leading in the groove in a row on the ground.
Comprise between described control: body of wall, fan, bellows and intelligent control rack, wherein: body of wall is made by color steel, connects with screw between the body of wall; Described fan links to each other with air duct with bellows; Described intelligent control rack is connected with temperature sensor, hangs on the interior walls of sweathouse.
Described mobile platform comprises: stainless steel plate and pulley, wherein: pulley is distributed in the below of stainless steel plate, can realize arbitrarily changing direction and movement by automation control system interior between control.
Technique effect
Compared with prior art, the utility model can carry out rational and effective with a large amount of scattered straw refuses in rural area by removable detachable microbial fermentation equipment to be recycled, and the protection environment improves resource utilization; Also can be used for the exhausting organic waste that ferments.Simple in structure, reasonable in design, easy to manufacture, production cost is low, and is easy to use, and floor space is few, and removable or dismounting is carried out the distributed waste in rural area and cleaned collection and organic fermentation utilization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is one-piece construction assembling synoptic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 a is side of the present utility model cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 2 b is schematic top plan view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 a is sweathouse inner top synoptic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 b is the outer schematical top view of sweathouse of the present utility model;
Among the figure: between sweathouse 1, control 2, mobile platform 3, stainless steel plate 4, pulley 5, air supply duct 6, trumpet type ventpipe 7, groove 8, body of wall 9, thermal insulation layer 10, rubber strip of paper used for sealing 11, screw 12, heat insulation door 13, hinge 14, exhaust outlet 15, exhaust blower 16, air draft flap 17, bellows 18, door 19, fan 20, intelligent control rack 21, temperature sensor 22, spray equipment 23, inclined-plane pedal 24.
Embodiment
Below embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated; present embodiment is being to implement under the prerequisite with technical solutions of the utility model; provided detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, present embodiment comprises: between sweathouse 1, control 2, mobile platform 3 and inclined-plane pedal 24, wherein: 2 above mobile platform 3 between sweathouse 1 and control, fixing with screw 12; Inclined-plane pedal 24 is in the place ahead of sweathouse 1; Sweathouse 1 is the place ahead of 2 between control, connects with air supply duct 6 between 2 between sweathouse 1 and control.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, described sweathouse comprises: body of wall 9, heat insulation door 10, exhaust outlet 13 spray equipments 23 and air supply duct 6, wherein, body of wall 9 internal surfaces are stainless steel plate, outside surface is color steel, establish thermal insulation layer between the surfaces externally and internally, be connected with screw 12 with rubber strip of paper used for sealing 11 between the body of wall, detachable; Heat insulation door 9 is located at sweathouse 1 the place ahead, links to each other with stainless steel body of wall 9 with hinge 14; Exhaust outlet 15 is located at the center of top place of sweathouse, and locates to install exhaust blower 16, lays air draft flap 17 above; Spray equipment 23 is located at the top of fermenting case 1; Air supply duct 6 spaced sets are in sweathouse 1 bottom.
The wall of described sweathouse 1 is provided with wall insulating layer 10, and its inside is provided with interconnective temperature sensor 22.
Described spray equipment 23 is uniformly distributed in the top of sweathouse 1.
Described air supply duct 6 links to each other with fan 20 with bellows 18, and the air supply duct 6 of sweathouse 1 bottom is provided with several trumpet type ventpipes 7, and corresponding leading in the groove 8 in a row on the ground.
2 comprise between described control: body of wall 9, and fan 20, bellows 18 and intelligent control rack 21, body of wall 9 is made by color steel, connects with screw 12 between the body of wall; Fan 20, bellows 18 link to each other with air duct 6; Intelligent control rack 21 links to each other with temperature sensor 22, hangs on the interior walls of sweathouse 1.
Described mobile platform 3 comprises: stainless steel plate 4 and pulley 5, wherein: pulley 5 is distributed in the below of stainless steel plate 4, can realize arbitrarily changing direction and movement by automation control system interior between control.
In the present embodiment; commonly used to agricultural crop straw, dish leaf pericarp, meal kitchen hogwash, feces of livestock and poultry, food waste residue the like waste in the culture material; but because most stalk surface has the wax protective layer; so should make raw material saturating with water-soaked earlier; dry then ferments it with shedding in the sweathouse after cattle manure or rapeseed cake etc. evenly mix.Turning was sent into again and is carried out the fermentation second time in this sweathouse 1 after fermentation was finished for the first time, realized serialization production.
Body of wall 9 internal surfaces of described sweathouse 1 are stainless steel plate, and outside surface is color steel, and are connected with screw 12 with rubber strip of paper used for sealing 11, and are detachable, body of wall therebetween thick wall body thermal insulation layer 10, and the place ahead is provided with heat insulation door 13.Be provided with between control 2 behind the sweathouse, be used for putting fan 20, bellows 18 and intelligent control rack 21.
Described sweathouse 1 bottom is installed and is embedded with many air supply ducts 6, which is provided with several trumpet type ventpipes 7, and corresponding leading in the groove 8 in a row on the ground.Be provided with interconnective temperature sensor 22 and digital intelligent system in the sweathouse, realize the balance of temperature and air-supply.
Described sweathouse 1 top is provided with spray equipment 23, can effectively regulate the fermentation materials moisture content, improves fermentation efficiency.
This device is installed mobile platform with below between sweathouse and control, to realize the position control to fermentation equipment; Sweathouse is connected with screw with the rubber strip of paper used for sealing with body of wall between control, to realize stopping property and the detachability in the fermenting process, is convenient to remote mobile transportation, maintenance and preservation.If treat that fermented product at a distance of nearer, then can arbitrarily move in order to collect pre-fermentation wastes, if treat the fermented product apart from each other, then this fermentation equipment can be dismantled, be transported to again and treat that fermentation ground carries out field assembly, fermentation wastes then; If temporary transient no fermented product then can be dismantled this fermentation equipment, be convenient to maintenance and preservation, save floor occupying area.

Claims (6)

1. the removable microbial fermentation system based on the rural area straw refuse is characterized in that, comprising: between sweathouse, control, mobile platform and inclined-plane pedal, wherein: the top that is fixedly set in mobile platform between sweathouse and the control that is attached thereto; Be arranged in order setting between inclined-plane pedal, sweathouse and control;
Described sweathouse comprises: body of wall, heat insulation door, the exhaust outlet that has exhaust blower, spray equipment and air supply duct, wherein: the surfaces externally and internally of body of wall is respectively stainless steel plate and color steel, flexibly connect between the neighboring walls, heat insulation door is positioned at an end of sweathouse and is rotationally connected with body of wall, the exhaust outlet that has exhaust blower is located at the center of top place of sweathouse, spray equipment is located at the top of fermenting case, and some air supply duct spaced sets are in the sweathouse bottom;
Establish thermal insulation layer between the surfaces externally and internally of described body of wall;
Described flexible connection refers to: removably adopt the rubber strip of paper used for sealing to be connected with screw.
2. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the wall of described sweathouse is provided with wall insulating layer, and its inside is provided with interconnective temperature sensor.
3. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described spray equipment is uniformly distributed in the top of fermentation.
4. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described air supply duct links to each other with fan with bellows; The air supply duct of described sweathouse bottom to arranged on both sides, which is provided with several trumpet type ventpipes by the centre, and corresponding leading in the groove in a row on the ground.
5. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, comprises between described control: body of wall, fan, bellows and intelligent control rack, and wherein: body of wall is made by color steel, connects with screw between the body of wall; Described fan links to each other with air duct with bellows; Described intelligent control rack is connected with temperature sensor, hangs on the interior walls of sweathouse.
6. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described mobile platform comprises: stainless steel plate and pulley, wherein: pulley is distributed in the below of stainless steel plate, can realize arbitrarily changing direction and movement by automation control system interior between control.
CN2013201151601U 2013-03-14 2013-03-14 Movable microbial fermentation system based on countryside straw waste Expired - Lifetime CN203144304U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103102193A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-05-15 上海交通大学 Movable microbial fermentation system based on farmland straw wastes
CN106518208A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-22 冯汝龙 Movable solid waste biofermentation system
CN107557295A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 The removable organic waste ecological use intelligent apparatus of integration
CN108059496A (en) * 2016-11-08 2018-05-22 江西丰登生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer stream aerobe fermentation system
CN109500042A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-22 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 A kind of dead livestock and poultry quickly put, bury device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103102193A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-05-15 上海交通大学 Movable microbial fermentation system based on farmland straw wastes
CN108059496A (en) * 2016-11-08 2018-05-22 江西丰登生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer stream aerobe fermentation system
CN106518208A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-22 冯汝龙 Movable solid waste biofermentation system
CN107557295A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 The removable organic waste ecological use intelligent apparatus of integration
CN109500042A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-22 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 A kind of dead livestock and poultry quickly put, bury device

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Granted publication date: 20130821