CN205990350U - A kind of plant composting device - Google Patents

A kind of plant composting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205990350U
CN205990350U CN201620941257.1U CN201620941257U CN205990350U CN 205990350 U CN205990350 U CN 205990350U CN 201620941257 U CN201620941257 U CN 201620941257U CN 205990350 U CN205990350 U CN 205990350U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
compost
cover
composting device
side wall
plant according
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620941257.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵宇
符征鸽
杜毓辉
梅自力
何捍东
连莉文
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Biogas Institute of Ministry of Agriculture
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Biogas Institute of Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN201620941257.1U priority Critical patent/CN205990350U/en
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Publication of CN205990350U publication Critical patent/CN205990350U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

This utility model is a kind of plant composting device, is made up of the plural compost cover being arranged side by side;Compost cover is made up of the metope of skeleton, cover top and surrounding, bottom opening;Metope includes main wall and side wall;The side wall of each compost cover arranged opposite successively, main wall connects in a row;Drip molding is arranged on side wall, two adjacent side walls of adjacent compost cover share a drip molding;Mouth spray, vent, negative-pressure air duct interface and sampling detection mouth are provided with compost cover.This utility model can be set up separable working environment in dung yard and can optimize " single chamber " of composting process, improve work quality and efficiency, meanwhile, smooth outdoor compost place can allow general loading machine more easily transport, thus reducing artificial and maintenance.

Description

A kind of plant composting device
Technical field
This utility model belongs to plant's composting device technical field.
Background technology
Carry out fertilizer production using feces of livestock and poultry different from other raw materials, have two key issues:One is artificial environment, two It is the dirty transhipment of excrement, first problem is difficult to be fully solved, and Second Problem best bet is exactly that composting plant is located at plant.
The raw excrement of plant of China is collected at present is manually, and transhipment is manually and mechanical, and composting process is mainly bar buttress Formula (includes static bar buttress and turning bar buttress).This Technology is uneven in various places, and some plants are only to stack, or even Also have air storage, but great majority are to carry out compost in a building.This just brings a problem, and people is excrement dirt heap Fertile key factor, and compost building interior " people is together with excrement ", " raw excrement is together with ripe excrement ", compost quality is difficult to protect Card.There is the high full automatic mechanized operation of test cost at present, people does not enter the turning bar buttress compost in building.But it is high Wet, high abrasion environment, mechano-electronic damage of components situation is serious, and such people is also intended to into maintenance or enters new excrement.Therefore should Technology is not also pushed open.In addition, some turning bar buttress can arrange compost groove with regulation turning, but compost groove can be to loading machine Operation cause obstacle.The process of feces and carry out compost using feces, also a lot of problems need to solve.
Content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of plant compost cover to improve the compost working environment of plant, Dung yard set up separable (include people is separated with excrement, excrement is separated with excrement, rain excrement separates, foul smell separates) working environment and can be excellent Change the single chamber of composting process, to improve work quality and efficiency, meanwhile, retain outdoor smooth location and be suitable for Universal Load mechanic The feature made, uses it to transport material, reduces artificial and maintenance.The purpose of this utility model is to be achieved through the following technical solutions 's:
A kind of plant composting device, described composting device is made up of the plural compost cover being arranged side by side;Described Compost cover is made up of the metope of skeleton, cover top and surrounding, bottom opening;Described metope includes main wall and side wall;Each compost cover Side wall arranged opposite successively, main wall connects in a row;Drip molding, the adjacent side of two adjacent compost covers are arranged on described side wall Wall shares a drip molding;Mouth spray, vent, negative-pressure air duct interface and sampling detection mouth are provided with described compost cover.
Further, described cover top is formed from the downward-sloping top board of cover ridge by two pieces;Side wall is only connected with one piece of top board, Main wall is all connected with two pieces of top boards.
Further, described cover top is arched ceiling.
Further, the quality of described compost cover is less than 50kg, and skeleton is steel, and is respectively arranged with two side skeletons Handle.
Further, the height of compost cover side wall metope is less than 60cm, and side wall length is less than 6m.
Further, described negative-pressure air duct interface is connected with exhaust ventilation equipment, the exhaust duct of described exhaust ventilation equipment Connect deodorization chamber * winding paper.
Further, drip molding tilts from one end notch to the other end, rainwater whereabouts gutter.
Further, described metope is polyester fiber PVC film, and the lower end of metope is provided with the metal bead being pressed on film.
Further, described mouth spray, vent are arranged on main wall;Described vent is arranged on the bottom of main wall; Described negative-pressure air duct interface is arranged on the main wall on vent opposite;Described sampling detection mouth is arranged on cover top.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1) this utility model is using there being the special compost cover in less space, single single is operated, it is to avoid In the compost building of large space unavoidable to the working environment beginning to end " human excrement regardless of ", reduce the weight of compost cover simultaneously, make Can the portable movement of two people.
2) compost cover can townhouse connect processing rainwater completely again, exhaust ventilation deodorization simultaneously, it is to avoid in outdoor compost Defect.
3) compost cover can be with flexible operating, the ripe excrement of periodic collection, place of soaring, and forms turnover, meanwhile, remains outdoor The advantage of smooth location compost:It is especially suitable for general loading machine, facilitate the turnover of material.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is this utility model compost Ground arrangement schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the 1-1 sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the 2-2 sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is single compost cover structure schematic diagram.
Reference:1. road;2. compost cover;3. exhaust ventilation equipment;4. deodorization chamber * winding paper.
A. handle;B. cover top;C. mouth spray;D. vent;E. negative-pressure air duct interface;F. drip molding;G. sample detection mouth; H. metope;I. press strip;H-1. side wall;H-2. main wall
Specific embodiment
As shown in figures 1-4, a kind of plant composting device, described composting device is placed on dung yard on the ground, by being positioned over Road 1. side the multiple compost covers composition that is arranged side by side along road;Described compost cover is 2. by the wall of skeleton, cover top B and surrounding Face H forms;Described cover top B can be formed from the downward-sloping top board of cover ridge by two pieces, may also be the ceiling overarching;Described metope H includes two side wall H-1 only connecting with one piece of top board, and two main wall H-2 all connecting with two pieces of top boards;Often arrange each heap Fertile cover side wall H-1 arranged opposite (Fig. 2) successively 2., main wall H-2 connect (Fig. 3) in a row;Drip molding is arranged on described side wall H-1 F, two neighboring compost cover adjacent wall 2. shares a drip molding F;Described compost cover 2. on be provided with mouth spray C, ventilation Mouth D, negative-pressure air duct interface E and sampling detection mouth G.
Compost cover gross weight 2. controls in 50kg/, and its skeleton is steel, and is respectively arranged with handss on two side skeletons A.
Compost cover 2. side wall metope H height be less than 60cm, side wall length be less than 6m.
3. negative-pressure air duct interface E is connected with exhaust ventilation equipment, and described exhaust ventilation equipment exhaust duct 3. connects deodorization Room is 4..
Drip molding F tilts from one end notch to the other end, rainwater whereabouts gutter.
The top board of cover top B selects thin-walled sunlight board, such as does ceiling plastic foil.
Metope H is polyester fiber PVC film, and the lower end of metope is provided with the metal bead I being pressed on film.
Mouth spray C, vent D are arranged on the main wall H-2 adjacent with road in plant;Described vent D setting Bottom in main wall;Described negative-pressure air duct interface is arranged on the main wall of opposite side;Described sampling detection mouth G is arranged on cover top On.
In present embodiment:
Each plant of compost place can arrange one or more compost places according to landform.Each compost place is pressed According to function division, it is divided into compost area, deodorization area and its surrounding road 1..Place compost cover in compost area, deodorization area is arranged Deodorization chamber * winding paper.Arrangement is with reference to compost place schematic diagram (Fig. 1).Compost place (includes compost area, deodorization area and its surrounding road Road is 1.) terrace be xoncrete structure smooth terrace, there is no any fixation means on compost area terrace, when removing compost cover When, Universal Load machinery extremely can easily load and transport.Compost place can process rainwater completely, and rain excrement is kept completely separate, Wherein, compost area and deodorization area drainage pattern are:Whereabouts gutter collected by drip molding;Road drainage pattern 1. is:Naturally flow Enter gutter.Road horizontal wall inscription is single slope.1. road considers peak rainfall intensity with the size in the gutter gradient and gutter.Road 1. width is 4~6m;
2. compost cover is the space of fermentable, and space size is advisable with accommodating the raw excrement that colony house cleans once. Its eaves height controls in 600mm, reduces wind load, simultaneously facilitates people and operated outside.Compost cover is lightweight steel construction, single Individual gross weight controls in 50Kg, facilitates the portable movement of two people.Compost cover can townhouse connect again, refers to compost cover schematic diagram (figure 4).The quantity of compost cover is arrived after the compost time with it, can form turnover and be advisable.The compost time is (not include putting in storage for 15~30 days Ripening time afterwards).For example:The compost time is 20 days, and enters a defective material daily, and compost cover is preferably 20+10=30,30 Compost cover may be configured as 3 rows (group), and therefore, the visual weather of discharging time of row's compost cover was carried out at the 21st~30 day;
3. exhaust ventilation equipment pass through air draft, forms building inner air and outer air pressure differential, to realize the entrance of fresh air. This equipment includes blower fan, air main and corrugated flexible hose.Air main is arranged in gutter, and the waste gas series connection of each compost cover is entered Deodorization chamber * winding paper 4. in carry out deodorization.The lowest part of air main sets the dehydrator of condensed water.Selected according to the Maximum Ventilatory Volume of fermentation phase Select blower fan, blower fan preferably selects duct type, before total blower fan is arranged on deodorization chamber * winding paper, be arranged at gutter as monomer need to increase blower fan In.According to the difference of fermentation phase, the exhaust air rate of blower fan may be configured as 2 gears.Corrugated flexible hose passes through valve and threeway and main air Pipe is connected, and corrugated flexible hose is light material;
4. deodorization chamber * winding paper will carry out microbial deodorant in the compost finished product in air draft feeding deodorization chamber * winding paper, reduces ground The purpose of stink.Deodorization chamber * winding paper be compost finished product deodorizer go along with sb. to guard him building, can often arrange (group) and arrange one, also can whole dung yard Ground setting one.The top setting blower fan of deodorization chamber * winding paper and chimney, increase power and the source height of exclusion gas.Compost finished product deodorization Agent can regularly replace;
In present embodiment:Handle A to be fixed on skeleton, be easy to two human hand held and move compost cover.
Cover top B cover top absorbs solar energy and insulation, such as makes top board, material is thin-walled sunlight board, such as makes ceiling, Material is plastic foil, and its gradient can be easy to very fast draining.
Mouth spray C, in main wall both sides, for spraying moisturizing, closes usually.Supply water and adopt hand push waterwheel.
Vent D, in the bottom of road side main wall, multi-pore channel, provides, for windrow, uniform fresh air of trying one's best.
The bottom of the main wall in gutter side for the negative-pressure air duct interface E, this interface is fixed on skeleton.The wind being connected Manage as corrugated flexible hose formula light material, connect airduct and preferably adopt eaily mode.
Drip molding F tilts draining to gutter, and two compost cover opposite sides share a drip molding.
Sampling detection mouth G, at the middle part on cover top, for detection fermentation temperature, sampling detection, also can combine with mouth spray Get up to carry out other operations.Close at ordinary times.
Metope H is polyester fiber PVC film or other highstrenghtpiston's films.Aging resistance, intensity are high.
I press strip is coating steel pipe.Function is to push down the film of cover surrounding, is moved with Radix Saposhnikoviae, increases seal, and enters again Row waterproof.Its weight is not counted in compost cover gross weight, but its weight should be with reference to local maximum wind load.
Filler is branch granule, and size is preferably uniform, can Reusability, primarily serve the purpose of ventilation.
This device is included using flow process:(1) remove compost cover;(2) lay new excrement;(3) cover compost cover;(4) connect and bear Pressure wind system;(5) compost;(6) remove row's compost cover;(7) the ripe excrement of mechanical loading;(8) sieve warehouse-in after-ripening;(9) reclaim And lay filler;(10) cover row's compost cover.
Utility model is using citing:
By year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000 fatten field as a example, the preconsolidation stress to embodiment of the present utility model and ground Shape addressing is remarked additionally (the same specific embodiments of other aspects):
The preconsolidation stress of embodiment:
The planning colony house construction area that field is fattened in year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000 is 3000*2.5=7000m2, fatten Scene is amassed and is about 7000/0.1 (plot ratio)=70000m2.
Year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000 fatten the size of the compost cover of field because pig manure moisture content higher, actual day receives The dry cleaning up excrement of collection, about 4~6m3.Plus later stage sewage sludge, can process feces mud total amount daily is 4~7m3.Add and fill out Fill agent, daily heap body is about 7.5~10.5m3.Colony house respectively clears out an excrement sooner or later, shares two compost covers daily, so every Individual heap body may be configured as:High 0.4~0.6m, long 5.6m, wide 2.6m.The size of compost cover may be designed as:The long 6m of side wall, main wall width 3m, eaves height 0.5m, 1m risen by cover.
The quantity of compost cover of field is fattened in year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000 and combination such as local compost time in winter is 21 days, just preferably need 21*2+21=63 compost cover.Every 21 compost covers are in a row and connect a deodorization chamber * winding paper it is necessary to 3 Deodorization chamber * winding paper, the visual weather of discharging time of actual row's compost cover was carried out at the 22nd~31 day;In summer, the such as compost time is 18 My god, just preferably need 18*2+18=54 compost cover, every 18 compost covers are in a row and connect a deodorization chamber * winding paper (summer reduces Often arrange the quantity of compost cover), the summer one visual weather of discharging time of row's compost cover was carried out at the 19th~27 day;
It can be 3 rows that the arrangement in compost place of field and area Ground arrangement are fattened in year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000, often Before and after row, there is road on both sides, often arrange totally 21 compost covers, 1 deodorization chamber * winding papers (deodorization chamber * winding paper area can be identical with compost cover), have a lot of social connections in road 6m, draining furrow width 0.5m, wide 0.2m between side wall, such compost place is:Long (3+0.2) * 22+6*2=82.4m, width (6+ 0.5) * 3+6*4=43.5m, area 3584m2.
The landform addressing of embodiment:
The pig manure amount that field is fattened in year livestock on hand growing and fattening pigs 3000 is also larger, place require again smooth, therefore also dependent on The reality of landform, arranges the area to reduce each place for multiple compost places outside plant, and also can set row to subtract more Few length often arranging compost cover, but each compost place preferably processes the heap fertilizer amount of certain scale.
This utility model can set up separable (inclusion in dung yard:People is separated with excrement, excrement is separated with excrement, rain excrement separates, smelly Edema caused by disorder of QI from) working environment and " single chamber " of composting process can be optimized, improve work quality and efficiency, meanwhile, smooth outdoor Compost place can allow general loading machine more easily transport, thus reducing artificial and maintenance.
This utility model is using compost cover, single single is operated, it is to avoid in the compost building of large space Unavoidable to the working environment beginning to end " human excrement regardless of ", reduce compost cover weight simultaneously, make it possible to the portable movement of two people.Heap Fertile cover can townhouse connect to process rainwater completely again, exhaust ventilation deodorization simultaneously, it is to avoid in the defect of outdoor compost.Compost cover Can be with flexible operating, the ripe excrement of periodic collection, place of soaring, form turnover, meanwhile, remain the excellent of outdoor smooth location compost Point:It is especially suitable for general loading machine, facilitate the turnover of material.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of plant composting device it is characterised in that:Described composting device is by the plural compost cover being arranged side by side Composition;Described compost cover is made up of the metope of skeleton, cover top and surrounding, bottom opening;Described metope includes main wall and side wall;Respectively The side wall arranged opposite successively of individual compost cover, main wall connects in a row;Drip molding, two adjacent compost covers are arranged on described side wall Adjacent side wall shares a drip molding;Mouth spray, vent, negative-pressure air duct interface and sampling inspection are provided with described compost cover Survey mouth.
2. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Described cover top is dipped down from cover ridge by two pieces Oblique top board composition;Side wall is only connected with one piece of top board, and main wall is all connected with two pieces of top boards.
3. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Described cover top is arched ceiling.
4. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:The quality of described compost cover is less than 50kg, Skeleton is steel, and is respectively arranged with two side skeletons and handles.
5. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:The height of compost cover side wall is less than 60cm, Side wall length is less than 6m.
6. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Described negative-pressure air duct interface is connected with negative pressure Ventilation installation, the exhaust duct of described exhaust ventilation equipment connects deodorization chamber * winding paper.
7. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Drip molding inclines from one end notch to the other end Tiltedly, rainwater whereabouts gutter.
8. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Described metope is polyester fiber PVC film, wall The lower end in face is provided with the metal bead being pressed on film.
9. plant according to claim 1 composting device it is characterised in that:Described mouth spray, vent are arranged at On main wall;Described vent is arranged on the bottom of main wall;Described negative-pressure air duct interface is arranged on the main wall on vent opposite;Institute State sampling detection mouth to be arranged on cover top.
CN201620941257.1U 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 A kind of plant composting device Expired - Fee Related CN205990350U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620941257.1U CN205990350U (en) 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 A kind of plant composting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620941257.1U CN205990350U (en) 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 A kind of plant composting device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107793181A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-03-13 河北省农民合作社行业协会 A kind of chicken droppings deodorant is dehydrated bio-fertilizer process line
CN110015914A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 深圳市龙澄高科技环保(集团)有限公司 A kind of function room handling rural area rubbish from cooking

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107793181A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-03-13 河北省农民合作社行业协会 A kind of chicken droppings deodorant is dehydrated bio-fertilizer process line
CN110015914A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 深圳市龙澄高科技环保(集团)有限公司 A kind of function room handling rural area rubbish from cooking

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170301

Termination date: 20190825

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee