The invention belongs to warehouse logisticses technical field, more particularly to a kind of logistics tower, has automatic store, automatically
The automation equipment of function such as sort, automatically extract.
" logistics tower " is a kind of outdoor storing shelf, possesses increasingly automated and information-based characteristic.Its workflow is：
Order is issued logistics company by consumer supplier after shopping on net commodity, and the commodity of order are sent into logistics by logistics company
Tower.Parcel is placed in logistics tower in postman, logistics tower receives the order number in box for material circulation, to logistics system active push
Data.Then, consumer can arrive at any time logistics tower swipe the card carry out picking, the return of goods can also be directly selected after examining goods.Logistics
Tower whole day works without interruption for 24 hours, so as to avoid traditional delivery, trouble caused by picking mode.
Logistics tower is to use storied 3-D shelf storage element goods, is managed by computer and is controlled, and is being not required to manually
The system that can store and take out automatically goods in the case of processing.Its advantages of is that space can be made full use of to store goods, is used
Advanced automated material haulage equipment, calculated in real time by computer management system, carry out the storage of reasonable arrangement goods
Position, improve logistics tower space availability ratio, and accelerate the access rhythm of goods, effectively improve the service efficiency of logistics tower, have
Standby automation shelf magazine quickly goes out the ability of storage.
Logistics tower is usually fixed structure in existing equipment, and because its structure is limited, shelf space utilization rate is low, manipulator with
Pallet positioning precision is low, operation pitch time length.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of logistics tower.With automatic storage, divide automatically
The function such as pick, automatically extract, while there is the automation equipment of the functions such as monitoring, networking, information storage, control.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is：
A kind of logistics tower, including adjustment frame, window, outer layer shelf, internal layer rotation shelf, center steering mechanism, liter
Descending mechanism, cache mechanism and mechanical arm assembly, the adjustment are placed on outer layer shelf and internal layer shelf top, respectively with outer layer goods
Frame, internal layer shelf, the connection of center up-down swing mechanism, internal layer shelf are placed in outer layer shelf, and internal layer shelf pass through day rail group
Part is connected with adjustment frame, is connected on the ground by ground rail assembly, is done circle rotation along day rail and track and move, center lift rotary
Mechanism is arranged on the centre of logistics tower, and the lifting that cache mechanism and mechanical arm assembly are installed in center steering mechanism is slided
On dynamic component, moved up and down along center steering column, the picking passage of manipulator is provided with along internal layer shelf, on outer layer shelf
Provided with picking, delivery window.
Further, center steering mechanism one end is connected in adjustment frame by top fixing plate, and the other end passes through
Slew gear is installed on ground, and center steering column connects top fixing plate by bearing assembly, and the slew gear includes
Motor, reductor and revolving support, the revolving support are floating bearing, and its inner ring is bearing, is fixed with ground, outer ring is tooth
Wheel, and the meshed transmission gear on motor, speed reducer output shaft, and fixed with center steering column and carry out gyration.
Further, the day rail assembly includes day rail installing plate, circular day rail, positioning guide pulleys and nut, the day
Rail installing plate is fixed in adjustment frame, and positioning guide pulleys are at least three groups, and corresponding circular day rail circumference uniform distribution is installed in along day rail
On plate, every group of two positioning guide pulleys, circular day rail one end is installed between every group of two positioning guide pulleys.
Further, described ground rail assembly includes track, bearing block, main drive wheel, driven pulley, main shaft, ring flange, deceleration
Machine, bottom surface installing plate, the motor connection reductor, reductor are fixed on the installing plate of bottom surface by ring flange, and reductor is defeated
Going out shaft end and main shaft is connected by shaft coupling, main shaft is installed on bearing block by bearing, and bearing block is fixed on the installing plate of bottom surface,
Main drive wheel, track and main drive wheel contact slide are set with main shaft, driven pulley is two, circumferentially equal with main drive wheel
Cloth is on the installing plate of bottom surface, respectively at track contact slide.
Further, the cache mechanism includes caching supporting plate, caching drive component and caching fixed plate, the caching support
Plate is provided with the bracket mouth of two placement trays, and caching supporting plate by caching drive component with being connected to center steering mechanism and liter
On the column of descending mechanism, cache mechanism is used for keeping in pallet.
Further, the elevating mechanism is connected on center steering column, and elevating mechanism includes timing belt, slide plate, drive
Motion block component and lifting locating wheel, one side of the timing belt along center steering column are set, and slide plate passes through two lifting locating wheels
It is connected on timing belt, driving block assembly is placed between center steering column and top fixing plate, is passed by timing belt and belt wheel
It is dynamic to carry out elevating movement.
Further, the mechanical arm assembly includes positioning lifting body, horizontal drive mechanism and mechanical arm mounting seat, water
Flat drive mechanism includes upper fork, middle fork and the lower fork of mutual scalable motion, is passed between upper fork and middle fork by slide rail and timing belt
Dynamic connection, middle fork are connected between lower fork by rack pinion, and lower fork is connected to elevating mechanism by mechanical arm mounting seat
Slide plate on, upper fork connection positioning lifting body.
Further, the positioning lifting body includes detent mechanism, lifting body, the upper fork of horizontal drive mechanism and work
Dynamic plate, upper fork one end is connected to by lifting body between the portable plate, the kinematic link group of detent mechanism is symmetrically connected to live
Dynamic plate and upper fork both sides, the jointed shaft of kinematic link group are connected on pallet locating detent.
Further, the detent mechanism includes locating detent and kinematic link group, and the locating detent is two, is symmetrically set
Put, coordinate with pallet both sides during work and contact；Kinematic link group is four groups, is symmetrically set in portable plate and upper fork both sides, every group of bag
Two connecting rods, two rotating shafts and jointed shaft are included, two connecting rod one end are connected by jointed shaft with locating detent, two connecting rod other ends difference
Fork and portable plate are connected by rotating shaft, drive locating detent stretching motion.
Further, the lifting body includes push rod, oil-free bushing and electric pushrod, and described push rod one end is fixed on work
On dynamic plate, the other end is connected on upper fork by oil-free bushing, and positioned at tray center position, electric pushrod fixed seat end is fixed on
On upper fork, external part is connected to portable plate end through upper fork, drives push rod to stretch out by electric pushrod and retracts；The localization machine
The termination that the locating detent of structure and the push rod of lifting body contact with pallet is equipped with insulating trip.
Further, the picking on the outer layer shelf, delivery window are to set 4 along outer layer shelf 180 degree even circumferential
It is individual, the highly position high away from ground 1-2 rice.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are：
1. the circular ectonexine shelf of the present invention, goods yard is more, and space utilization rate is high；Internal layer shelf rotate, can be by interior
Layer shelf one arrange room and take outer shelf goods, take outer shelf again without shelf goods in movement, save pitch time, improve out
2nd, the present invention uses center stand column gyration, and the transmission of motor reducer drive gear is realized, avoids rotary mop
Chain also follows elevating movement, simple and reliable for structure.
3rd, manipulator of the present invention is by upper fork motion principle, end manipulator produces two times of speeds of service, and pallet is determined
Position jacking employs electric pushrod and promotes linkage to realize linkage, shortens pitch time, improves operating efficiency.With pallet
Contact surface adds insulating trip, can prevent in pallet abrasion, can improve the service life of pallet, gear or rack pinion add lubrication
System；Toothed belt transmission adds tension mechanism.
4th, cache mechanism of the present invention uses rotating disk mechanism, is driven with drive gear, and empty pallet and full tray are carried out
Turnover, can save pitch time.The present invention will be stored in tower on shelf with manipulator with pallet express mail, fully solves courier
Send part and user's pickup time free problem.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 top view.
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 close-up schematic view.
Fig. 4 is mechanical arm assembly schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 top view.
Fig. 6 is track component diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is rail assembly schematic diagram in day of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is positioning lifting body floor map in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is Fig. 8 dimensional structure diagram.
In figure：1 it is adjustment frame, 2 be window, 3 be column, 4 be track, 5 be bottom surface installing plate, 6 is driven pulley, based on 7
Driving wheel, 8 be positioning guide pulleys, 9 be a day rail, 10 be mechanical arm assembly, 11 be cache mechanism, 12 be top fixing plate, 13 be
Slew gear, 14 be internal layer shelf, 15 be outer layer shelf, 16 be positioning lifting body, 17 be upper fork, 18 be guide rail, 19 be tooth
Bar, 20 for middle fork, 21 are hanging feet, 22 are lower fork, 23 are pallet fork drive block, 24 are gear, 25 are mechanical arm mounting seat, 26 are top
Portion's fixed plate, 27 be bearing assembly, 28 be driving block assembly, 29 be lifting locating wheel, 30 be slide plate, 31 be timing belt, 32 be
Center steering column, 33 be pallet, 34 be caching supporting plate, 35 be caching drive component, 36 be cache fixed plate, 38. bearing blocks,
39. main shaft, 40. round nuts, 41. days rail installing plates, 42 be locating detent, and 43 be connecting rod I, and 44 be connecting rod II, and 45 be rotating shaft I, 46
For portable plate, 47 be rotating shaft II, and 48 be sliding block, and 49 be electric pushrod, and 50 be fixed seat, and 51 be push rod, and 52 be jointed shaft, 53.
Long support stud, 54. raker beams, 55. nuts, 56. crossbeams, 57. short supporting studs.
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment：As Figure 1-Figure 2, the present invention includes adjustment frame 1, window 2, outer layer shelf, internal layer shelf, center go back to
Turn column 32, day rail assembly, rail assembly, vertical drive device, cache mechanism and mechanical arm assembly, the adjustment frame 1 be placed in
Outer layer shelf and internal layer shelf top, are connected, internal layer shelf are put with outer layer shelf, internal layer shelf, center steering column 32 respectively
In in outer layer shelf, and internal layer shelf are connected by day rail assembly with adjustment frame 1, are connected to by ground rail assembly on the ground, along day
Rail 9 and track 4 do circle rotation motion, and center steering column 32 is arranged in the middle part of internal layer shelf, cache mechanism and manipulator group
Part is arranged on center steering column 32 by vertical drive device, is moved up and down along center steering column 32, along internal layer goods
The diameter of frame installation manipulator component is longitudinally provided with picking passage, and picking, delivery window 2 are provided with outer layer shelf.
Described one end of center steering column 32 is connected in adjustment frame 1 by top fixing plate, and the other end passes through turn-around machine
Structure 13 is installed on ground, and center steering column 32 connects top fixing plate 26, the slew gear 13 by bearing assembly 27
Including motor, reductor and revolving support, the revolving support is ring gear, and its inner ring is bearing, with center steering column
32 connections, outer ring is gear, with the meshed transmission gear on motor, speed reducer output shaft.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, outer layer shelf 15 and internal layer shelf 14 of the present invention are frame structure, pass through column 3, crossbeam
56 and raker beam 54 combination connect and compose polygonal solid framework, concrete structure is：Multiple columns 3 circumferentially divide 4 layers of arrangement, phase
Multilayer crossbeam 56 is vertically provided between adjacent two columns 3, polygon layer stereo framework is formed, passes through between every two layers of crossbeam 56
Raker beam 54 connects, and forms outer layer shelf 15 respectively and internal layer shelf 14, long support stud 53 are connected to by two nuts 55
On column 3, for location tray, short supporting studs 57 are connected on the internal layer column 3 of outer layer shelf 15 and internal layer shelf 14,
For fixed tray 33, location tray 33；Hanging feet 21 is fixed on column 3, for fixed cross beam.
As shown in fig. 7, the day rail assembly includes day rail installing plate 37, circular day rail 9, positioning guide pulleys 8 and nut, institute
A day rail installing plate 37 is stated to be fixed on outer layer shelf, positioning guide pulleys 8 are at least three groups, the corresponding circular circumference uniform distribution of day rail 9 in
Along along day rail installing plate 37, every group of two positioning guide pulleys 8, circular one end of day rail 9 is installed on every group of two positioning guide pulleys 8
As shown in fig. 6, described ground rail assembly include track 4, bearing block, main drive wheel 7, driven pulley 6, main shaft, ring flange,
Reductor, bottom surface installing plate 5, the motor connection reductor, reductor are fixed on bottom surface installing plate 5 by ring flange, subtracted
Fast machine output shaft end connects main shaft by shaft coupling, and main shaft is installed on bearing block by bearing, and bearing block is fixed on bottom surface peace
In loading board, main drive wheel 7, track 4 and the contact slide of main drive wheel 7 are set with main shaft, driven pulley 6 is two, with main drive
Driving wheel 7 is uniformly distributed along the circumference on bottom surface installing plate 5, respectively at the contact slide of track 4.
As shown in figure 5, the cache mechanism 11 includes caching supporting plate 34, caching drive component 35 and caching fixed plate 36,
Connected on the caching supporting plate 34 with the two convex notches that can house pallet 33, caching supporting plate 34 by caching drive component 35
It is connected on center steering column 32, the corresponding position of mechanical arm assembly pallet 33 of caching supporting plate 34 rotates.
As shown in figure 4, the elevating mechanism is connected on center steering column 32, elevating mechanism includes timing belt 31, slided
Plate 30, driving block assembly 28 and lifting locating wheel 29, the timing belt 31 are set along center steering column 32, and slide plate 30 passes through two
Lifting locating wheel 29 is connected on timing belt 31, driving block assembly 28 be placed in center steering column 32 and top fixing plate 26 it
As shown in figure 4, the mechanical arm assembly includes positioning lifting body 16, horizontal drive mechanism and mechanical arm mounting seat
25, horizontal drive mechanism includes the upper fork 17, middle fork 20 and lower fork 22 of mutual scalable motion, passes through between upper fork 17 and middle fork 20
Guide rail 18, sliding block 48 and toothed belt transmission connection, middle fork 20 are connected between lower fork 22 by rack pinion, and the end of lower fork 22 leads to
Cross mechanical arm mounting seat 25 to be connected on the slide plate 30 of elevating mechanism, 17 ends of upper fork connection positioning lifting body 16.
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, the positioning lifting body 16 includes detent mechanism, lifting body, horizontal drive mechanism
Upper fork 17 and portable plate 46,17 one end of upper fork are connected to by lifting body between the portable plate 46, the transmission of detent mechanism connects
Bar group is symmetrically connected to 17 both sides of portable plate 46 and upper fork, and the jointed shaft 52 of kinematic link group is connected on pallet locating detent 42.
The detent mechanism includes locating detent 42 and kinematic link group, and the locating detent 42 is two, is symmetrical arranged, and is worked
When with the both sides of pallet 33 coordinate contact；Kinematic link group is four groups, is symmetrically set in 17 both sides of portable plate 46 and upper fork, every group includes
Two connecting rods, two rotating shafts and jointed shaft 52, two connecting rod one end are connected by jointed shaft 52 with locating detent 42, the two connecting rod other ends
Fork 17 and portable plate 46 are connected by rotating shaft respectively, drive the stretching motion of locating detent 42.
The lifting body includes push rod 51, oil-free bushing and electric pushrod 49, and described one end of push rod 51 is fixed on activity
On plate 46, the other end is connected on upper fork 17 by oil-free bushing, positioned at the centre of pallet 33, the fixed seat end of electric pushrod 49
It is fixed on fork 17, external part is connected to the end of portable plate 46 through upper fork 17, drives push rod 51 to stretch by electric pushrod 49
Go out to retract.
The locating detent 42 of the detent mechanism and the push rod 51 of lifting body are equipped with insulation with the termination that pallet 33 contacts
Picking, delivery window 2 on the outer layer shelf 15 are to set 4 along outer layer shelf 180 degree even circumferential, height
Away from ground 1-2 rice position.
The course of work of the present invention：
Courier of the present invention is entering library window and enters a goods to be put into pallet, and mechanical arm assembly 10 is in horizontal drive
Under the telescopic drive of mechanism, pallet 33 of the positioning positioning jacking of lifting body 16 with goods, pass through upper fork 17, middle fork 20 and lower fork
22 coordinate stretching motion that pallet is sent into cache mechanism to cache bit；And center steering column 32 is provided with skateboard component 30, risen
Locating wheel 29 drops, driving block assembly 28 coordinates timing belt 31 to carry out lifter motion (the pinidine position of mechanical arm assembly 10, cache mechanism turn
Cross a sky and prepared to put pallet again)；Slew gear 13 includes motor, reductor and revolving support simultaneously, with center steering
Column 32 is connected and connects top fixing plate by the bearing assembly 27 of center steering column 32, and revolution fortune is carried out by gear drive
Dynamic, when mechanical arm assembly 10 lifts the shelf interlayer for returning back to required crawl goods, mechanical arm assembly 10 is in horizontal drive mechanism
Telescopic drive under, positioning lifting body 16 positioning jacking shelf on pallet 33, by it is upper fork 17, it is middle fork 20 and lower fork 22 match somebody with somebody
Stretching motion is closed, drives pallet 33 to deposit on the caching supporting plate 34 of cache mechanism 11, rotating caching supporting plate 34, (pinidine position jacks
Mechanism 16), the positioning positioning of lifting body 16 jacks the pallet 33 on cache mechanism, and mechanical arm assembly 10 is again in horizontal drive machine
Under the telescopic drive of structure, pinidine position lifting body 16 puts pallet 33 on shelf, is coordinated by upper fork 17, middle fork 20 and lower fork 22
In place, center steering column 32 is provided with skateboard component 30, lifting locating wheel 29, driving block assembly 28 and coordinates synchronization stretching motion
Band 31 carries out descending motion, and slew gear 13 includes motor, reductor and revolving support simultaneously, connects with center steering column 32
Connect and top fixing plate is connected by the bearing assembly 27 of center steering column 32, gyration is carried out to window by gear drive
Crawl position, carry out the crawl campaign of next round.Wherein center steering mechanism is provided with below by center steering column 32
The fitted bearing component 27 of slew gear 13, carry out gyration；And elevating movement is by driving the driving lifting of block assembly 28 fixed
Position wheel 29 drives slide plate 30 to be moved up and down along timing belt 31 and completed, the timing belt 31 on center steering column 32；On manipulator 10
Positioning lifting body 16, be to carry out positioning jacking by linkage, and stretching motion is driven by pallet fork, upper fork 17
Carry out 2 speed work.
The embodiment of the present invention is described above.But those of ordinary skill in the art can manage
Solution, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention in the case of, can also to the present invention embodiment make it is various change and
Replace.These changes and replacement all fall in the range of claims of the present invention restriction.