CN105672225B - Method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with ship - Google Patents

Method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105672225B
CN105672225B CN201610075649.9A CN201610075649A CN105672225B CN 105672225 B CN105672225 B CN 105672225B CN 201610075649 A CN201610075649 A CN 201610075649A CN 105672225 B CN105672225 B CN 105672225B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
assembly
dehydration
dewaterer
wheel
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Application number
CN201610075649.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105672225A (en
Inventor
郭培全
王守仁
乔阳
张浩波
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University of Jinan
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University of Jinan
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Priority to CN201610075649.9A priority Critical patent/CN105672225B/en
Publication of CN105672225A publication Critical patent/CN105672225A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts

Abstract

The invention provides a method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with a ship. A deck, a reaping assembly, a conveying assembly, a water removing assembly and a packaging assembly are adopted in the method. The reaping assembly is arranged on the front side of the deck and comprises supports, an upper roller and a lower roller. The upper roller and the lower roller are arranged between the two supports. A lower bearing block is arranged on an axle of the lower roller and fixed to the supports. An upper bearing block is arranged on an axle of the upper roller. A baffle is arranged between the upper roller and the lower roller. A spring is arranged between the baffle and the upper bearing block. A cutter groove is formed in the outer wall of the upper roller, a cutter is arranged on the outer wall of the lower roller, and the upper roller and the lower roller synchronously rotate. A recycling expanding wing is fixed to each support. The lower end of the conveying assembly is located below the lower roller, and the water removing assembly is arranged below the high end of the conveying assembly. The packaging assembly is arranged on the rear side of the deck. By means of equipment, planktonic plants can be effectively removed, and the work efficiency is high.

Description

It is a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the method for water plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to water plant processing technology field of swimming, specifically a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship Swim the method for water plant..
Background technology
On lake or seashore, phytoplankton is the biology of generally existing.When phytoplankton breeds to a certain extent, can be dirty Dye water source, adversely affects to the normal growth of the animal in water.Therefore it is badly in need of a kind of continuously salvaging with ship and is dehydrated packing Swim the method for water plant, the plankton in water is cleared up.
The content of the invention
Dehydration packing is continuously salvaged with ship swim the method for water plant it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of, for side Just realize the cleaning to hydroplankton.
The present invention solves its technical problem and is adopted the technical scheme that:It is a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim water The method of plant, is characterized in that, it includes deck, harvesting assembly, delivery assembly, dehydration assembly and packing assembly, the receipts The front side that assembly is arranged on deck is cut, the harvesting assembly includes support, upper roller and bottom roller, and the support is to be arranged in pairs Two, upper roller setting up and down and bottom roller are being provided with described in two between support, are being provided with the wheel shaft of the bottom roller Step, the step are fixed on support, on the wheel shaft of the upper roller are provided with top chock, are rolled on described The baffle plate being fixed on support is provided between wheel and bottom roller, spring is provided between the baffle plate and top chock;Described The outer wall of upper roller is provided with cutter groove, and the cutter corresponding with cutter groove, the upper rolling are provided with the outer wall of the bottom roller Wheel and bottom roller synchronous axial system;Recovery spademan is respectively fixed with each support, the recovery spademan includes head and the tail phase Installing plate even, extension board and correcting plate, the installing plate are fixed on support, and the extension board surrounds obtuse angle folder with installing plate Angle, the correcting plate are be arranged in parallel with installing plate, and extension board described in two surrounds a taper;The low side of the delivery assembly is located at The lower section of bottom roller, the delivery assembly are fixed above deck, are provided with dehydration assembly in the high-end lower section of the delivery assembly, The dehydration assembly includes the first dewaterer, the second dewaterer and the 3rd dewaterer that set gradually from bottom to top, described first Dewaterer includes that the first frame, dehydration barrel, dehydration electric motor and V belt translation, the dehydration barrel and dehydration electric motor are arranged at the first machine The top of frame, is provided with rotating shaft in the inside of the dehydration barrel, on the outer wall of the rotating shaft is provided with blade, the rotating shaft with it is de- V belt translation is provided between hydroelectric machine, filter screen is provided with the bottom of the dehydration barrel, be provided with discharge port on the filter screen, described Two dewaterers, the 3rd dewaterer structure it is identical with the structure of the first dewaterer, first, second, and third dewaterer loading and unloading material mouth Setting should ensure that phytoplankton falls in underlying dewaterer after rotating one week in dewaterer above;Institute State, one end of the packing assembly is located at the lower section of the discharge port of the first dewaterer.
Further, upper belt-wheel is provided with the wheel shaft of the upper roller, on the wheel shaft of the bottom roller be provided with lower band Wheel, on the baffle plate is provided with tensioning wheel, is provided with belt in the upper belt-wheel, between lower belt wheel and tensioning wheel, in the lower rolling The wheel shaft of wheel is provided with drive.
Further, drain pipe is provided with below the dehydration barrel of the 3rd dewaterer, the lower end of the drain pipe is worn Extend downwardly after crossing deck.
Further, the delivery assembly is ribbon conveyer.
Further, the packing assembly is auger type conveyer.
It is a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the method for water plant, it is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Collect the phytoplankton in water;
(2)Phytoplankton is delivered in dehydration assembly by ribbon conveyer;
(3)Dewatering operation is carried out to phytoplankton by being dehydrated assembly;
(4)Phytoplankton through processed is packed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:A kind of continuously the salvaging with ship that the present invention is provided is dehydrated the water plant that swims of packing Method, can gather in the phytoplankton in water, and throw after being cut off on delivery assembly, phytoplankton Jing delivery assemblies Be delivered to dehydration assembly in, dehydration assembly in carry out dewatering operation, Jing dehydration after phytoplankton fall in baling press, then by Collecting and baling.The present invention can effectively realize the collection to phytoplankton, cleaning, and high working efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is one of graphics of the present invention.
Front views of the Fig. 2 for Fig. 1.
Top views of the Fig. 3 for Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the two of the graphics of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the graphics for gathering in assembly.
Front views of the Fig. 6 for Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of upper roller and bottom roller.
Top views of the Fig. 8 for Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is the graphics of the first dewaterer.
Front views of the Figure 10 for Fig. 9.
Top views of the Figure 11 for Fig. 9.
Figure 12 is the graphics of the second dewaterer.
Top views of the Figure 13 for Figure 12.
Top views of the Figure 14 for Figure 12.
In figure:1 harvesting assembly, 11 supports, 121 installing plates, 122 extension boards, 123 correcting plates, 13 upper rollers, 131 cutter grooves, 132 upper belt-wheels, 133 top chocks, 134 guide rails, 14 bottom rollers, 141 cutter, 142 lower belt wheels, 143 steps, 15 tensionings Wheel, 16 belts, 17 drives, 18 springs, 2 delivery assemblies, 3 dehydration assemblies, 31 first frames, 32 dehydration barrels, 321 rotating shafts, 322 Blade, 33 dehydration electric motors, 34 V belt translations, 35 second frames, 4 packing assemblies, 5 decks, 6 drain pipies.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the invention mainly comprises harvesting assembly 1, delivery assembly 2, dehydration assembly 3, packing assembly 4 With deck 5, the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the front end that assembly 1 is arranged on deck is gathered in, as shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 8, harvesting assembly 1 includes Support 11, recovery spademan, upper roller 13, upper belt-wheel 132, bottom roller 14, lower belt wheel 142, tensioning wheel 15, belt 16, drive 17 and spring 18, support 11 is be arranged in pairs two, and it is fixed above deck, be respectively fixed with back on front side of each support Telescopic wing, reclaiming spademan includes installing plate 121, extension board 122 and correcting plate 123, metallic plate of the installing plate for rectangle, installing plate Be fixed on support, extension board 122 be fixed with installing plate free end, surround obtuse angle angle between extension board and installing plate, two Extension board surrounds a taper.Correcting plate 123 is respectively fixed with each extension board, correcting plate is be arranged in parallel with installing plate, The effect for reclaiming spademan is large-scale plant all to be focused in the cut coverage of upper and lower roller.Between paired support Bottom roller 14 is provided with, step 143 is provided with the wheel shaft of bottom roller, step is connected with support.In the upper of bottom roller Side is provided with upper roller 13, and top chock 133, top chock and the guide rail 134 being located on support are provided with the wheel shaft of upper roller It is slidably connected, such upper roller can be moved relative to bottom roller, on the support between upper roller and bottom roller, is provided with baffle plate, in gear Spring 18 is provided between plate and top chock, under the action of the spring, there is between upper roller and bottom roller certain gap.Bullet The setting of spring, can meet the cutting demand of phytoplankton of different shapes, be rolled when large volume of phytoplankton enters into up and down When between wheel, the spacing increase between upper bottom roller, spring tension.Some cutter grooves 131 are provided with the outer wall of upper roller, under The outer wall of roller is provided with some cutter 141, when cutter are as in cutter groove, phytoplankton can be blocked.In upper rolling The wheel shaft of wheel is provided with upper belt-wheel 132, and lower belt wheel 142 is provided with the wheel shaft of bottom roller, and tensioning is rotatablely equipped with baffle plate Wheel 15, is provided with belt 16 between upper belt-wheel, tensioning wheel and lower belt wheel, and belt is Timing Belt, fixed on the wheel shaft of lower belt wheel There is drive 17, drive can drive the synchronous axial system of upper and lower roller by motor-driven rotation when drive is rotated, and under The crawl to phytoplankton is capable of achieving when roller is rotated.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, the substantially ribbon conveyer of delivery assembly 2, the low side of delivery assembly are located at bottom roller Lower section, the rear end of delivery assembly are inclined on rear side of deck, and delivery assembly is fixed above deck.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the high-end lower section that assembly 3 is arranged on delivery assembly is dehydrated, and is fixed above deck, taken off Water assembly includes the first dewaterer, the second dewaterer and the 3rd dewaterer, and as shown in Figs. 9 to 11, the first dewaterer includes first Frame 31, dehydration barrel 32, dehydration electric motor 33 and V belt translation 34, the first frame are fixed above deck, are set on the top of the first frame There is columnar dehydration barrel 32, rotating shaft 321 is provided with the inside of dehydration barrel, some blades 322 are provided with rotating shaft outer wall, One frame is provided with dehydration electric motor 33, is connected by V belt translation 34 between dehydration electric motor and rotating shaft.So, when dehydration electric motor action When, the rotation of V belt translation drive shaft can be passed through.The second dewaterer is provided with the top of the first dewaterer, such as Figure 12 to Figure 14 institutes Show, the second dewaterer includes the second frame 35, dehydration barrel 32, dehydration electric motor 33 and V belt translation 34.On the top of the second dewaterer The 3rd dewaterer is provided with, the 3rd dewaterer, the second dewaterer are identical with the structure of the first dewaterer.Rotating shaft and blade are constituted to be dialled Wheel, stirs phytoplankton rotation.Filter screen is further respectively had in the bottom of each dehydration barrel, discharge port, discharging are provided with filter screen Mouthful settings should ensure that phytoplankton rotates in dewaterer above one enclose after Jing discharge ports fall it is underlying take off In water dispenser.So, delivery assembly is delivered to phytoplankton in the 3rd dewaterer, and phytoplankton carries out one in the 3rd dewaterer Secondary dehydration, then falling carries out second dehydration in the second dewaterer, carries out triple dewatering in eventually falling in the first dewaterer. The bottom of three dewaterers is provided with drain pipe 6, and drain pipe is fixed above deck, and the lower end of drain pipe is towards below deck.
Packing assembly 4 is provided with rear side of deck, the substantially auger type conveyer of assembly of packing, the one end for assembly of packing Below the discharge port of the first dewaterer, by packing, the phytoplankton for passing through dehydration is carried out collecting and baling by assembly.
It is a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the method for water plant, it is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Collect the phytoplankton in water;
(2)Phytoplankton is delivered in dehydration assembly by ribbon conveyer;
(3)Dewatering operation is carried out to phytoplankton by being dehydrated assembly;
(4)Phytoplankton through processed is packed.

Claims (6)

1. it is a kind of continuously to salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the equipment of water plant, it is characterized in that, it includes that deck, harvesting are total Into, delivery assembly, dehydration assembly and packing assembly, the harvesting assembly is arranged on the front side on deck, and the harvesting assembly includes Support, upper roller and bottom roller, the support are two for being arranged in pairs, setting up and down upper being provided between support described in two Roller and bottom roller, are provided with step on the wheel shaft of the bottom roller, and the step is fixed on support, described The wheel shaft of upper roller is provided with top chock, and the baffle plate being fixed on support is provided between the upper roller and bottom roller, Spring is provided between the baffle plate and top chock;Cutter groove is provided with the outer wall of the upper roller, in the outer of the bottom roller Wall is provided with the cutter corresponding with cutter groove, the upper roller and bottom roller synchronous axial system;On each support respectively Recovery spademan is fixed with, the recovery spademan includes end to end installing plate, extension board and correcting plate, and the installing plate is fixed On support, the extension board surrounds obtuse angle angle with installing plate, and the correcting plate is be arranged in parallel with installing plate, extends described in two Plate surrounds a taper;The low side of the delivery assembly is located at the lower section of bottom roller, and the delivery assembly is fixed above deck, The high-end lower section of the delivery assembly is provided with dehydration assembly, and the dehydration assembly includes that set gradually from bottom to top first takes off Water dispenser, the second dewaterer and the 3rd dewaterer, first dewaterer include that the first frame, dehydration barrel, dehydration electric motor and band are passed Dynamic, the dehydration barrel and dehydration electric motor are arranged at the top of the first frame, are provided with rotating shaft in the inside of the dehydration barrel, in institute The outer wall for stating rotating shaft is provided with blade, between the rotating shaft and dehydration electric motor is provided with V belt translation, in the bottom of the dehydration barrel Filter screen is provided with, discharge port, second dewaterer, the structure of the 3rd dewaterer and the first dewaterer are provided with the filter screen Structure is identical, and the setting of first, second, and third dewaterer loading and unloading material mouth should ensure that phytoplankton in dewaterer above Middle rotation fell in underlying dewaterer after one week;Packing assembly, the packing assembly are provided with rear side of the deck One end be located at the first dewaterer discharge port lower section.
2. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of continuously salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the equipment of water plant, it is characterized in that, Upper belt-wheel is provided with the wheel shaft of the upper roller, lower belt wheel is provided with the wheel shaft of the bottom roller, set on the baffle plate There is tensioning wheel, belt is provided with the upper belt-wheel, between lower belt wheel and tensioning wheel, transmission is provided with the wheel shaft of the bottom roller Wheel.
3. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of continuously salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the equipment of water plant, it is characterized in that, Drain pipe is provided with below the dehydration barrel of the 3rd dewaterer, the lower end of the drain pipe is extended downwardly through after deck.
4. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of continuously salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the equipment of water plant, it is characterized in that, The delivery assembly is ribbon conveyer.
5. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of continuously salvage dehydration packing with ship and swim the equipment of water plant, it is characterized in that, The packing assembly is auger type conveyer.
6. usage right requires that 1 to 5 arbitrary described a kind of continuously salvage the swim equipment of water plant of dehydration packing with ship and enters The method of row phytoplankton cleaning, is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
(1), collect water in phytoplankton;
(2), by ribbon conveyer by phytoplankton be delivered to dehydration assembly in;
(3), by be dehydrated assembly dewatering operation is carried out to phytoplankton;
(4), the phytoplankton through processed packed.
CN201610075649.9A 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with ship Active CN105672225B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610075649.9A CN105672225B (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with ship

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610075649.9A CN105672225B (en) 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Method for conducting continuous fishing and water-removed packaging of planktonic aquatic plants along with ship

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CN105672225B true CN105672225B (en) 2017-05-03

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108517851B (en) * 2018-04-16 2020-08-11 江南大学 River course floater fishing device

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU675391B2 (en) * 1995-06-26 1997-01-30 Proviron Property Services Pty Ltd Floating debris collection
KR101114503B1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2012-02-15 지에스건설 주식회사 Removing apparatus for floating matters
CN201390368Y (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-01-27 河海大学 Novel multifunctional cyanobacteria fishing boat
RU2013139571A (en) * 2011-01-27 2015-03-10 БЕНИТЕС Хосе КАРАБАЛЬО Ship cleaning for pollution
CN105239543A (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-01-13 深圳市福田区青少年科技教育协会 Aquatic floater collection device
CN104097751B (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-09-21 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic floating-garbage cleaning packing integrated ship
CN205530185U (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-08-31 济南大学 Salvage float aquatic plant's equipment of dehydration packing in succession along with ship

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