CN106585905A - Water hyacinth salvage ship - Google Patents

Water hyacinth salvage ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106585905A
CN106585905A CN201611157286.XA CN201611157286A CN106585905A CN 106585905 A CN106585905 A CN 106585905A CN 201611157286 A CN201611157286 A CN 201611157286A CN 106585905 A CN106585905 A CN 106585905A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
installation
motor
rotatably
water hyacinth
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611157286.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106585905B (en
Inventor
胡豪炜
何梁
王培根
丁炜杰
陆苏超
何晔
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201611157286.XA priority Critical patent/CN106585905B/en
Publication of CN106585905A publication Critical patent/CN106585905A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106585905B publication Critical patent/CN106585905B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface

Abstract

The invention provides a water hyacinth salvage ship, belongs to the technical field of aquatic decontamination equipment, and solves the problem of low water hyacinth salvage efficiency at present. The water hyacinth salvage ship comprises a hull, wherein a collecting cabin is arranged on the hull; the hull is provided with two mounting parts; a conveyor belt is connected between the two mounting parts; a cutter head is in rotating connection to the lower part of a feeding section of the conveyor belt; a shoving frame is in rotating connection to the upper part of the feeding section; filtering holes are uniformly formed in the conveyor belt; a filtering plate is also fixedly connected between the two mounting parts; a grinding cylinder is in rotating connection to each of the mounting parts; a blanking region is arranged between the rear end of the conveyor belt and the collecting cabin; a cutter frame is in rotating connection to the blanking region; a circular blade is connected to the cutter frame; and a driving motor which can drive the grinding cylinders and the cutter frame to rotate at the same time is arranged on the hull. The water hyacinth salvage ship disclosed by the invention can automatically salve, filter and cut water hyacinth, and is high in automation degree.

Description

A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel
Technical field
The invention belongs to dirt cleaner technical field waterborne, is related to a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Background technology
Herba Eichhorniae is that one kind is swum draft, and breeding is very fast, occurs often salvaging the speed of growth that speed less goes up Herba Eichhorniae Situation, the Herba Eichhorniae of undue growth limits the flowing of water body, and water body does not have sunlight to irradiate, and becomes smelly, in making water body Dissolved oxygen amount is reduced, it is suppressed that planktonic growth, destroys the natural ecosystem of rivers environment, can also block navigation channel, affects shipping and row Let out, become agricultural, water conservancy, the dead enemy of environmental protection.Therefore Herba Eichhorniae needs manually to salvage, but pick-up boat in the market As design is simple, causes power consumption larger, need workman more, salvage inefficiency.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there are the problems referred to above for existing technology, it is proposed that a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, this water Calabash pick-up boat can be salvaged to Herba Eichhorniae automatically, filtered and be cut, high degree of automation.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull, the ship There is on body collecting chamber, it is characterised in that the front end of the hull has the two strip installation portions for forward extending out, pacify described in two There is between dress portion space, conveyer belt is connected with along hull fore-and-aft direction between two installation portions, the conveyer belt includes level Fillter section and positioned at fillter section front end and the feed zone that can swing up and down, the front end rotated down of the feed zone is connected with Cutterhead, the cutting edge of the cutterhead protrude the end of feed zone, are also associated with to revolve with movable knife disc below the feed zone front end The cutting motor for turning, is rotatably connected to material-pushing frame, between the material-pushing frame and feed zone front end above the feed zone front end Charging gap is formed, the pusher motor that material-pushing frame can be driven to rotate, the peace above the feed zone front end, is also associated with Dress portion be provided with can drive feed zone swing regulating part, filtering holes are evenly equipped with the conveyer belt, installation portion described in two it Between also level be fixed with screen plate, the upper strata of the fillter section is abutted on screen plate, and the installation portion is in the top of screen plate It is rotatably connected to and rolls cylinder, this is rolled on the conveyer belt upper side that cylinder is pressed on above screen plate, and the hull is in conveyer belt There is between rear end and collecting chamber blank area, the knife rest of plate-like in the blank area, is rotatably connected to, the knife rest be horizontally disposed with, Some knife bars are slidably connected on knife rest vertically, some knife bars are circumferentially disposed along knife rest, the lower end of the knife bar Circular shear blade is rotatably connected to, the compression that blade can be made to be pressed on blank area bottom surface between the knife rest and knife bar, is provided with Extension spring, the hull is provided with can be while drive the motor for rolling cylinder and knife rest rotation.
Hoverheight after water is entered according to hull, the angle of conveyer belt front end feed zone is adjusted by regulating part so that enter The front end of material section is immersed in the water, and the Herba Eichhorniae in the collecting chamber gradually increases certainly, and the weight of hull also becomes larger, therefore can With the angle of inclination of real-time regulation feed zone, it is to avoid feed zone or cutterhead depart from the water surface, during hull advances, cutting electricity Machine band movable knife disc rotate, so as to Herba Eichhorniae is cut off, due to hull be in forward traveling, therefore the Herba Eichhorniae for falling down can be poured on into The front end of material section, now pusher motor drive material-pushing frame rotation, material-pushing frame can be pushed to Herba Eichhorniae on conveyer belt, conveyer belt On offer filtering holes, therefore with the transmission of conveyer belt, the water energy on Herba Eichhorniae is enough gradually flowed down, the water calabash on conveyer belt When reed is sent to above screen plate, motor drive rolls cylinder and rolls Herba Eichhorniae, so as to the moisture in Herba Eichhorniae is fully pressed Go out to filter, reduce the weight of Herba Eichhorniae, improve the bearing capacity of hull, the Herba Eichhorniae after rolling continues to be sent to blank area, drive Motor band movable knife rack rotation simultaneously, cuts Herba Eichhorniae in the presence of some blade pressing extension springs on knife rest, the water calabash after cutting Lu Tiji is less, and into after collecting chamber, heap pressure is more closely knit, improves the bearing capacity of hull, it is whole collect process automaticity compared with It is high.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the installation of strip in the front end surface of installation portion described in two, is hinged with Plate, is rotatably connected to cylinder between the front end of installing plate described in two, the front end of the conveyer belt is set on cylinder, pacifies described in two Two roller bearings are rotatably connected between the front end in dress portion, the downside on the conveyer belt upper strata is pressed on a roller bearing, conveyer belt The downside of lower floor is pressed on another roller bearing, and the regulating part is connected with installing plate.That is the feed zone connection of conveyer belt On two installing plates, wherein feed zone is turned to by roller bearing with fillter section, realizes swinging up and down for feed zone.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the regulating part includes the regulation motor being connected on installation portion, the peace The front end in dress portion is also hinged with support bar, and roller, the lateral surface of the installing plate are hinged with the front end side wall of the support bar On along its length have be oriented to convex edge, offer gathering sill along its length on the side of the guiding convex edge, described in two Support bar is resisted against in gathering sill positioned at the outside of two installing plates, and the roller on support bar respectively, the installation portion upper side On be rotatably connected to spool, two reels are fixed with the spool, drawstring, and the freedom of drawstring are wound with reel End is connected on support bar, and motor shaft and the spool of the regulation motor are fixedly connected with.Installing plate is supported by support bar, Strut is held by drawstring, realizes the positioning of feed zone, drives reel rotation by regulation motor, furl or release during regulation Drawstring is put, so as to realize swinging up and down for installing plate, that is, the angular adjustment of feed zone is realized.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the front end of installing plate described in two is fixed with installation housing, the mounting shell position Rotating shaft is rotatably connected on the lower section of conveyer belt front end, the bottom surface of the installation housing, mounting shell is stretched out in the lower end of the rotating shaft Body, the cutterhead are connected in the lower end of rotating shaft, and the cutting motor is connected in mounting shell body, and the motor shaft of cutting motor with Rotating shaft is fixedly connected with.Pass through mechanical seal between rotating shaft and installation housing bottom surface, it is to avoid water is entered in mounting shell body, and cutting motor is straight Connect driving cutterhead rotation, simple and stable structure.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, on the upper side of two installation portion front ends, pusher shaft is rotatably connected to, it is above-mentioned to push away The motor shaft of material motor is connected with pusher shaft, and the material-pushing frame includes the support body of two annulars and some connecting shafts, support body described in two It is connected on pusher shaft, the two ends of some connecting shafts are rotatably connected on two support bodys respectively, and some connecting shafts is along frame Body is circumferentially disposed, is fixed with some charging rams in the connecting shaft along its length, and charging ram be connected axially vertical, it is described The spacing torsion spring that charging ram can be made to be radially arranged along support body is additionally provided with connecting shaft.Pusher motor drives pusher shaft rotation, real The rotation of existing support body, the charging ram in connecting shaft can be pushed to Herba Eichhorniae on feed zone, and wherein connecting shaft can be rotated, and The torsion of torsion spring is larger, and under torsion spring effect, charging ram can promote Herba Eichhorniae, but if charging ram is hooked to fishing net, rope etc. The resistance being subject to during foreign body is larger, and now connecting shaft can overcome the torsion of torsion spring and rotate so that charging ram departs from foreign body, keeps away Exempt from that pusher motor is stuck or inclining occurs in hull.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, circumferentially there is on the medial surface of the support body limiting section of some protrusions, institute State, the spacing torsion spring is set in the end of connecting shaft, and spacing torsion spring one End is connected on support body, and the other end is connected in connecting shaft, and in the presence of spacing torsion spring, spacer pin is resisted against on limiting section.Just Often under use state, spacing torsion spring causes the spacer pin in connecting shaft to be resisted against on limiting section, now the length direction of charging ram It is radially arranged along support body.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, there are on the upper side of the installation portion two bearings, two bearings are located at respectively The both sides of screen plate, vertically offer chute, the interior company of slip of the chute on the opposite flank of bearing described in two Slide block is connected to, described rolling be fixed with cylinder main shaft, the two ends of the main shaft are rotatably connected on two slide blocks respectively, in the chute Tensioning spring is additionally provided with, the upper end of the tensioning spring is pressed on chute upper surface, and lower end is pressed on slide block, in tensioning spring In the presence of roll on the conveyer belt upper side that cylinder is pressed on above screen plate.The main shaft for rolling cylinder is connected on slide block, Tight spring can increase the grinding pressure for rolling cylinder to Herba Eichhorniae, while cylinder is rolled when the foreign body of hardness is bigger is run into can overcome Tensioning spring elastic force and rise so that foreign body passes through, it is to avoid damages and conveyer belt or rolls cylinder.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, there is in the installation portion installation cavity, the motor is connected in installation Intracavity, vertically offers escape groove on one of bearing, escape groove is stretched out in one end of the main shaft, and is stretching out End is fixed with driven pulley one, is fixed with driving pulley one on the motor shaft of the motor, the driving pulley one with Driven pulley one is connected by belt, and nutted rod, the free end hinge of the nutted rod are also hinged with the side of the bearing Tensioning wheel is connected to, on the bearing, tensioning torsion spring is connected with, one end of the tensioning torsion spring is pressed on nutted rod, in tensioning torsion spring In the presence of tensioning wheel be pressed on belt.I.e. motor is driven by belt wheel transmission and rolls cylinder rotation, simple and compact for structure, Wherein when rolling cylinder and rising, the distance between driving pulley one and driven pulley one change, therefore setting tensioning wheel, make Obtain belt and be in tensioning state all the time, it is to avoid occur skidding.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, some installing holes on the knife rest, are circumferentially offered, the knife bar slides and inserts It is connected in installing hole, knife rest upper side is stretched out in the upper end of the knife bar, and the upper end end stretched out circumferentially has connection convex edge, institute State compression extension spring to be set on knife bar, and compress the upper end of extension spring and be connected on connection convex edge, lower end is connected in knife rest upper side On, knife rest downside is stretched out in the lower end of the guiding, and the lower end stretched out has the link of U-shaped, the blade rotation It is connected on link.I.e. each blade is pressed on blank area bottom surface by independent compression extension spring, and effect more preferably, and is met To hardness is bigger foreign body when blade can also rise and avoid.
In above-mentioned water hyacinth rescue vessel, the lower section in the blank area has drive cavity, turns on the bottom surface in blank area Dynamic to be connected with rotary shaft, above-mentioned knife rest is connected in the upper end of rotary shaft, and transmission intracavity is stretched in the lower end of the rotary shaft, and is stretching The end for entering is fixed with worm gear, and the transmission intracavity is rotatably connected to power transmission shaft, and the power transmission shaft is horizontally disposed with, and the one of power transmission shaft End is fixed with worm screw, and the worm and wheel is meshed, and the other end of the power transmission shaft stretches into transmission intracavity, and in the end stretched into Be fixed with driven pulley two, on the motor shaft of the motor, be fixed with driving pulley two, the driving pulley two with it is driven Belt wheel two is connected by belt.Motor drives power transmission shaft rotation, power transmission shaft then to pass through worm gear and snail by belt wheel transmission Bar mating band movable knife rack rotates, simple and compact for structure.
Compared with prior art, this water hyacinth rescue vessel has advantages below:
1st, due to entering the hoverheight after water according to hull, the angle of conveyer belt front end feed zone is adjusted by regulating part, So that the front end of feed zone is immersed in the water, the Herba Eichhorniae in the collecting chamber gradually increases certainly, and the weight of hull also becomes larger, Therefore can be with the angle of inclination of real-time regulation feed zone, it is to avoid feed zone or cutterhead depart from the water surface.
2nd, Herba Eichhorniae is rolled as motor drive rolls cylinder, so as to the moisture in Herba Eichhorniae is fully extruded filtration, The weight of Herba Eichhorniae is reduced, and Herba Eichhorniae is cut in the presence of some blade pressing extension springs on knife rest, the Herba Eichhorniae body after cutting Product is less, and into after collecting chamber, heap pressure is more closely knit, therefore, it is possible to improve the bearing capacity of hull.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 2 is the lateral partial structurtes sectional view of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 3 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at B.
Fig. 5 is to roll the lateral partial structurtes sectional view at cylinder.
Fig. 6 is the partial structural diagram of water hyacinth rescue vessel.
Fig. 7 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at C.
Fig. 8 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at D.
In figure, 1, hull;11st, collecting chamber;12nd, installation portion;13rd, screen plate;14th, blank area;15th, bearing;151st, chute; 152nd, escape groove;16th, installation cavity;17th, drive cavity;2nd, conveyer belt;21st, fillter section;22nd, feed zone;23rd, feed gap;24th, mistake Filter opening;3rd, housing is installed;31st, cutterhead;32nd, rotating shaft;33rd, cutting motor;4th, material-pushing frame;41st, support body;42nd, connecting shaft;43rd, push away Material bar;44th, pusher shaft;45th, spacing torsion spring;46th, limiting section;47th, spacer pin;48th, pusher motor;5th, regulating part;51st, install Plate;511st, it is oriented to convex edge;512nd, gathering sill;52nd, cylinder;53rd, roller bearing;54th, support bar;541st, roller;55th, spool;56th, wind Wheel;57th, drawstring;58th, regulation motor;6th, roll cylinder;61st, main shaft;62nd, slide block;63rd, tensioning spring;7th, knife rest;71st, knife bar; 711st, connect convex edge;72nd, link;73rd, blade;74th, compress extension spring;75th, rotary shaft;8th, motor;81st, driving pulley One;82nd, driven pulley one;83rd, driving pulley two;84th, driven pulley two;85th, power transmission shaft;86th, worm gear;87th, worm screw;9th, it is tensioned Bar;91st, tensioning wheel;92nd, tensioning torsion spring.
Specific embodiment
The following is the specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull 1, has collecting chamber 11 on hull 1, hull 1 Front end has the two strip installation portions 12 for forward extending out, and has space, the edge between two installation portions 12 between two installation portions 12 1 fore-and-aft direction of hull is connected with conveyer belt 2, and conveyer belt 2 includes horizontal fillter section 21 and is located at 21 front end of fillter section can The feed zone 22 for swinging up and down, the front end rotated down of feed zone 22 are connected with cutterhead 31, the cutting edge protrusion charging of the cutterhead 31 The end of section 22, being also associated with below 22 front end of feed zone can be with the cutting motor 33 of the rotation of movable knife disc 31, feed zone 22 Material-pushing frame 4 is rotatably connected to above front end, charging gap 23, feed zone 22 between 22 front end of material-pushing frame 4 and feed zone, is formed The pusher motor 48 that material-pushing frame 4 can be driven to rotate is also associated with above front end, installation portion 12 is provided with and can drive charging The regulating part 5 that section 22 swings, is evenly equipped with filtering holes 24 on conveyer belt 2, between two installation portions 12, also level is fixed with screen plate 13, The upper strata of fillter section 21 is abutted on screen plate 13, and installation portion 12 is rotatably connected in the top of screen plate 13 and rolls cylinder 6, the stone roller Pressure cylinder 6 is pressed on 2 upper side of conveyer belt above screen plate 13, and hull 1 has between the rear end of conveyer belt 2 and collecting chamber 11 There is blank area 14, in blank area 14, be rotatably connected to the knife rest 7 of plate-like, knife rest 7 is horizontally disposed with, on knife rest 7 vertically Some knife bars 71 are slidably connected, some knife bars 71 are circumferentially disposed along knife rest 7, the lower end of knife bar 71 is rotatably connected to circle Blade 73, is provided with the compression extension spring 74 that blade 73 can be made to be pressed on 14 bottom surface of blank area, hull between knife rest 7 and knife bar 71 1 be provided with can and meanwhile drive roll cylinder 6 and knife rest 7 rotation motor 8.
Hoverheight after water is entered according to hull 1, the angle of 2 front end feed zone 22 of conveyer belt is adjusted by regulating part 5, is made The front end of feed zone 22 is immersed in the water, the Herba Eichhorniae in the collecting chamber 11 gradually increases certainly, and the weight of hull 1 also gradually becomes Greatly, therefore can be with the angle of inclination of real-time regulation feed zone 22, it is to avoid feed zone 22 or cutterhead 31 depart from the water surface, in hull 1 During advance, cutting motor 33 is rotated with movable knife disc 31, so as to Herba Eichhorniae is cut off, as hull 1 is in forward traveling, because The Herba Eichhorniae that this falls down can be poured on the front end of feed zone 22, and now pusher motor 48 drives material-pushing frame 4 to rotate, and material-pushing frame 4 can Herba Eichhorniae is pushed on conveyer belt 2, filtering holes 24 on conveyer belt 2, are offered, therefore with the transmission of conveyer belt 2, Herba Eichhorniae On water energy enough gradually flow down, when the Herba Eichhorniae on conveyer belt 2 is sent to 13 top of screen plate, motor 8 drive roll Cylinder 6 rolls Herba Eichhorniae, so as to the moisture in Herba Eichhorniae is fully extruded filtration, reduces the weight of Herba Eichhorniae, improves holding for hull 1 Carrying capacity, the Herba Eichhorniae after rolling continue to be sent to blank area 14, and band movable knife rack 7 rotates motor 8 simultaneously, if on knife rest 7 Dry blade 73 cuts Herba Eichhorniae in the presence of compressing extension spring 74, and the Herba Eichhorniae volume after cutting is less, the heap into after collecting chamber 11 Pressure is more closely knit, improves the bearing capacity of hull 1, and whole collection process automaticity is higher.
Specifically, the installing plate 51 of strip is hinged with the front end surface of two installation portions 12, two installing plates 51 Cylinder 52 is rotatably connected between front end, the front end of conveyer belt 2 is set on cylinder 52, is rotated between the front end of two installation portions 12 Two roller bearings 53 are connected with, the downside on 2 upper strata of conveyer belt is pressed on a roller bearing 53, and the downside of 2 lower floor of conveyer belt compresses On another roller bearing 53, regulating part 5 is connected with installing plate 51, i.e. the feed zone 22 of conveyer belt 2 is connected to two installing plates 51 On, wherein feed zone 22 is turned to by roller bearing 53 with fillter section 21, realizes swinging up and down for feed zone 22.
Specifically, regulating part 5 includes the regulation motor 58 being connected on installation portion 12, and the front end of installation portion 12 is also hinged There is support bar 54, roller 541 is hinged with the front end side wall of support bar 54, is had along its length on the lateral surface of installing plate 51 There is guiding convex edge 511, be oriented on the side of convex edge 511 and offer gathering sill 512 along its length, support bar 54 is distinguished described in two Positioned at the outside of two installing plates 51, and the roller 541 on support bar 54 is resisted against in gathering sill 512, on 12 upper side of installation portion Spool 55 is rotatably connected to, two reels 56 on spool 55, are fixed with, drawstring 57, and drawstring 57 are wound with reel 56 Free end be connected on support bar 54, motor shaft and the spool 55 of regulation motor 58 are fixedly connected with, installing plate 51 pass through support bar 54 are supported, and support bar 54 is held by drawstring 57, realizes the positioning of feed zone 22, are driven by regulation motor 58 during regulation Reel 56 rotates, and furls or discharge drawstring 57, so as to realize swinging up and down for installing plate 51, that is, realizes the angle of feed zone 22 Degree is adjusted.
Specifically, the front end of two installing plates 51 is fixed with installation housing 3, and the installation housing 3 is located at 2 front end of conveyer belt Lower section, is rotatably connected to rotating shaft 32 on the bottom surface for installing housing 3, and installation housing 3 is stretched out in the lower end of the rotating shaft 32, and cutterhead 31 is connected In the lower end of rotating shaft 32, cutting motor 33 is connected in installation housing 3, and the motor shaft of cutting motor 33 is mutually solid with rotating shaft 32 Even, pass through mechanical seal between 3 bottom surface of rotating shaft 32 and installation housing, it is to avoid water is entered to be installed in housing 3, and cutting motor 33 is direct Cutterhead 31 is driven to rotate, simple and stable structure.
Pusher shaft 44, the motor shaft and pusher shaft of pusher motor 48 are rotatably connected on the upper side of two installation portions, 12 front end 44 are connected, and material-pushing frame 4 includes the support body 41 and some connecting shafts 42 of two annulars, and two support bodys 41 are connected on pusher shaft 44, if The two ends of involvement spindle 42 are rotatably connected on two support bodys 41 respectively, and some connecting shafts 42 are circumferentially disposed along support body 41, connection Be fixed with some charging rams 43 on axle 42 along its length, and charging ram 43 with connecting shaft 42 to vertical, also set in connecting shaft 42 There is the spacing torsion spring 45 that charging ram 43 can be made to be radially arranged along support body 41, pusher motor 48 drives pusher shaft 44 to rotate, realizes The rotation of support body 41, the charging ram 43 in connecting shaft 42 can be pushed to Herba Eichhorniae on feed zone 22, wherein 42 energy of connecting shaft Enough to rotate, and the torsion of torsion spring is larger, under torsion spring effect, charging ram 43 can promote Herba Eichhorniae, but if 43 hook of charging ram The resistance being subject to during to foreign bodies such as fishing net, ropes is larger, and now connecting shaft 42 can overcome the torsion of torsion spring and rotate so that push away Material bar 43 departs from foreign body, it is to avoid pusher motor 48 is stuck or inclining occurs in hull 1.If circumferentially having on the medial surface of support body 41 The limiting section 46 of dry protrusion, is fixed with spacer pin 47 in the end sidewalls of connecting shaft 42, spacing torsion spring 45 is set in connecting shaft 42 End, and 45 one end of spacing torsion spring is connected on support body 41, and the other end is connected in connecting shaft 42, in the work of spacing torsion spring 45 It is resisted against on limiting section 46, under normal operating condition with lower limit pin 47, spacing torsion spring 45 causes the spacer pin in connecting shaft 42 47 are resisted against on limiting section 46, and now the length direction of charging ram 43 is radially arranged along support body 41.
Specifically, there are two bearings 15 on the upper side of installation portion 12, two bearing 15 is respectively positioned at screen plate 13 Both sides, vertically offer chute 151, slidably connect slide block in chute 151 on the opposite flank of two bearings 15 62, to roll and on cylinder 6, be fixed with main shaft 61, the two ends of the main shaft 61 are rotatably connected on two slide blocks 62 respectively, are also set in chute 151 There is tensioning spring 63, the upper end of the tensioning spring 63 is pressed on 151 upper surface of chute, and lower end is pressed on slide block 62, opening Roll on 2 upper side of conveyer belt that cylinder 6 is pressed on above screen plate 13 in the presence of tight spring 63, that is, roll the main shaft 61 of cylinder 6 It is connected on slide block 62, tensioning spring 63 can increase the grinding pressure for rolling 6 pairs of Herba Eichhorniaes of cylinder, while work as running into hardness is bigger Roll cylinder 6 to overcome 63 elastic force of tensioning spring and rise during foreign body so that foreign body passes through, it is to avoid damage conveyer belt 2 or grind Pressure cylinder 6.
Specifically, there is installation cavity 16 in installation portion 12, motor 8 is connected in installation cavity 16, one of them Escape groove 152 is offered on seat 15 vertically, escape groove 152 is stretched out in one end of main shaft 61, and is connected in the end stretched out There is driven pulley 1, on the motor shaft of motor 8, be fixed with driving pulley 1, driving pulley 1 and driven pulley one 82 are connected by belt, and nutted rod 9 is also hinged with the side of bearing 15, and the free end of nutted rod 9 is hinged with tensioning wheel 91, Tensioning torsion spring 92 is connected with bearing 15, one end of the tensioning torsion spring 92 is pressed on nutted rod 9, in the effect of tensioning torsion spring 92 Lower tensioning wheel 91 is pressed on belt, i.e., motor 8 rolls cylinder 6 by belt wheel transmission drive and rotates, simple and compact for structure, its In when rolling cylinder 6 and rising the distance between driving pulley 1 and driven pulley 1 change, therefore setting tensioning wheel 91 so that belt is in tensioning state all the time, it is to avoid occur skidding.
Specifically, some installing holes are circumferentially offered on knife rest 7,71 sliding plug of knife bar in installing hole, knife bar 71 Upper end stretch out 7 upper side of knife rest, and the upper end end stretched out circumferentially has connection convex edge 711, compresses extension spring 74 and is set in knife On bar 71, and the upper end of compression extension spring 74 is connected on connection convex edge 711, and lower end is connected on 7 upper side of knife rest, under guiding 7 downside of knife rest is stretched out at end, and the lower end stretched out has the link 72 of U-shaped, and blade 73 is rotatably connected on link 72 On, i.e., each blade 73 is pressed on 14 bottom surface of blank area by independent compression extension spring 74, and effect more preferably, and runs into hardness During larger foreign body, blade 73 can also rise and avoid.
Specifically, the lower section in blank area 14 has drive cavity 17, and rotation is rotatably connected on the bottom surface in blank area 14 Axle 75, knife rest 7 are connected in the upper end of rotary shaft 75, and the lower end of rotary shaft 75 is stretched in drive cavity 17, and solid in the end stretched into Worm gear 86 is connected with, in drive cavity 17, power transmission shaft 85 is rotatably connected to, the power transmission shaft 85 is horizontally disposed with, and one end of power transmission shaft 85 is solid Worm screw 87 is connected with, the worm screw 87 is meshed with worm gear 86, the other end of power transmission shaft 85 is stretched in drive cavity 17, and at the end stretched into Portion is fixed with driven pulley 2 84, is fixed with driving pulley 2 83 on the motor shaft of motor 8, driving pulley 2 83 with it is driven Belt wheel 2 84 is connected by belt, and motor 8 drives power transmission shaft 85 to rotate by belt wheel transmission, and power transmission shaft 85 then passes through snail Wheel 86 is rotated with 87 mating band movable knife rack 7 of worm screw, simple and compact for structure.
Specific embodiment described herein is only explanation for example spiritual to the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement or replaced using similar mode to described specific embodiment Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel, including hull (1), has collecting chamber (11), it is characterised in that institute on the hull (1) The front end for stating hull (1) has the two strip installation portions (12) for forward extending out, and has space between installation portion described in two (12), Conveyer belt (2) is connected with along hull (1) fore-and-aft direction between two installation portions (12), the conveyer belt (2) is including horizontal mistake Filter section (21) and be located at fillter section (21) front end the feed zone (22) that can be swung up and down, under the front end of the feed zone (22) Side is rotatably connected to cutterhead (31), the end of cutting edge protrusion feed zone (22) of the cutterhead (31), feed zone (22) front end Lower section be also associated with the cutting motor (33) that can be rotated with movable knife disc (31), the top of feed zone (22) front end rotates Material-pushing frame (4) is connected with, charging gap (23), the feed zone between the material-pushing frame (4) and feed zone (22) front end, is formed (22) the pusher motor (48) that material-pushing frame (4) can be driven to rotate is also associated with above front end, is set on the installation portion (12) There is the regulating part (5) that feed zone (22) can be driven to swing, on the conveyer belt (2), be evenly equipped with filtering holes (24), pacify described in two Between dress portion (12), also level is fixed with screen plate (13), and the upper strata of the fillter section (21) is abutted on screen plate (13), institute State installation portion (12) and be rotatably connected to above screen plate (13) and roll cylinder (6), this rolls cylinder (6) and is pressed on screen plate (13) On conveyer belt (2) upper side of top, the hull (1) has blank between the rear end of conveyer belt (2) and collecting chamber (11) The knife rest (7) of plate-like is rotatably connected in area (14), the blank area (14), the knife rest (7) is horizontally disposed with, in knife rest (7) On vertically slidably connect some knife bars (71), some knife bars (71) are circumferentially disposed along knife rest (7), the knife bar (71) lower end is rotatably connected to circular shear blade (73), and being provided between the knife rest (7) and knife bar (71) to make blade (73) the compression extension spring (74) being pressed on blank area (14) bottom surface, the hull (1) are provided with and can roll cylinder while driving And the motor (8) that rotates of knife rest (7) (6).
2. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the front end surface of installation portion described in two (12) The installing plate (51) of strip is hinged with, cylinder (52) between the front end of installing plate described in two (51), is rotatably connected to, it is described The front end of conveyer belt (2) is set on cylinder (52), is rotatably connected to two roller bearings between the front end of installation portion described in two (12) (53), the downside on conveyer belt (2) upper strata is pressed on a roller bearing (53), and the downside of conveyer belt (2) lower floor compresses On another roller bearing (53), the regulating part (5) is connected with installing plate (51).
3. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the regulating part (5) is including being connected in installation Regulation motor (58) in portion (12), the front end of the installation portion (12) are also hinged with support bar (54), the support bar (54) Front end side wall on be hinged with roller (541), on the lateral surface of the installing plate (51) along its length have be oriented to convex edge (511) gathering sill (512), support bar described in two (54) point, are offered on the side of the guiding convex edge (511) along its length Not Wei Yu two installing plates (51) outside, and the roller (541) on support bar (54) is resisted against in gathering sill (512), the peace Spool (55) is rotatably connected on dress portion (12) upper side, two reels (56) is fixed with the spool (55), in reel (56) drawstring (57) is wound with, and the free end of drawstring (57) is connected on support bar (54), the regulation motor (58) Motor shaft be fixedly connected with spool (55).
4. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the front end of installing plate described in two (51) is fixed with Housing (3) is installed, the installation housing (3) is rotated on the lower section of conveyer belt (2) front end, the bottom surface of the installation housing (3) Rotating shaft (32) is connected with, installation housing (3) is stretched out in the lower end of the rotating shaft (32), and the cutterhead (31) is connected under rotating shaft (32) End, the cutting motor (33) are connected in installation housing (3), and the motor shaft of cutting motor (33) is mutually solid with rotating shaft (32) Even.
5. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 4, it is characterised in that turn on the upper side of two installation portions (12) front end Dynamic to be connected with pusher shaft (44), motor shaft and the pusher shaft (44) of above-mentioned pusher motor (48) are connected, and the material-pushing frame (4) includes The support body (41) and some connecting shafts (42) of two annulars, support body described in two (41) are connected on pusher shaft (44), some described The two ends of connecting shaft (42) are rotatably connected on two support bodys (41) respectively, and some connecting shafts (42) are circumferentially set along support body (41) Put, on the connecting shaft (42), be fixed with some charging rams (43) along its length, and charging ram (43) and connecting shaft (42) to Vertically, the spacing torsion spring (45) that charging ram (43) can be made to be radially arranged along support body (41) is additionally provided with the connecting shaft (42).
6. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 5, it is characterised in that circumferentially have on the medial surface of the support body (41) There is the limiting section (46) of some protrusions, in the end sidewalls of the connecting shaft (42), be fixed with spacer pin (47), the spacing torsion Spring (45) is set in the end of connecting shaft (42), and spacing torsion spring (45) one end is connected on support body (41), and the other end is connected in In connecting shaft (42), in the presence of spacing torsion spring (45), spacer pin (47) is resisted against on limiting section (46).
7. the water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that on the upper side of the installation portion (12) With two bearings (15), two bearings (15) are located at the both sides of screen plate (13) respectively, on the opposite flank of bearing described in two (15) Vertically offer in chute (151), the chute (151) and slidably connect slide block (62), it is described to roll cylinder (6) On be fixed with main shaft (61), the two ends of the main shaft (61) are rotatably connected on two slide blocks (62) respectively, in the chute (151) also Tensioning spring (63) is provided with, the upper end of the tensioning spring (63) is pressed on chute (151) upper surface, and lower end is pressed on slide block (62), on, conveyer belt (2) upper side that cylinder (6) is pressed on above screen plate (13) is rolled in the presence of tensioning spring (63) On.
8. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 7, it is characterised in that there is in the installation portion (12) installation cavity (16), the motor (8) is connected in installation cavity (16), vertically offers avoidance on one of bearing (15) Groove (152), one end of the main shaft (61) stretch out escape groove (152), and are fixed with driven pulley one (82) in the end stretched out, Driving pulley one (81), the driving pulley one (81) and driven pulley one are fixed with the motor shaft of the motor (8) (82) it is connected by belt, on the side of the bearing (15), is also hinged with nutted rod (9), the freedom of the nutted rod (9) End is hinged with tensioning wheel (91), and tensioning torsion spring (92) is connected with the bearing (15), and one end of the tensioning torsion spring (92) compresses On nutted rod (9), in the presence of tensioning torsion spring (92), tensioning wheel (91) is pressed on belt.
9. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 8, it is characterised in that circumferentially offer on the knife rest (7) some Installing hole, in installing hole, knife rest (7) upper side is stretched out in the upper end of the knife bar (71) for knife bar (71) sliding plug, and The upper end end stretched out circumferentially has connection convex edge (711), and compression extension spring (74) is set on knife bar (71), and compression is drawn The upper end of spring (74) is connected in connection convex edge (711), and lower end is connected on knife rest (7) upper side, and the lower end of the guiding is stretched Go out knife rest (7) downside, and the lower end stretched out has the link (72) of U-shaped, blade (73) company of being rotatably connected on Connect on frame (72).
10. water hyacinth rescue vessel according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the lower section of the blank area (14) has and passes Dynamic chamber (17), is rotatably connected to rotary shaft (75) on the bottom surface of blank area (14), and above-mentioned knife rest (7) is connected in rotary shaft (75) Upper end, the lower end of the rotary shaft (75) is stretched in drive cavity (17), and is fixed with worm gear (86) in the end stretched into, described Power transmission shaft (85) is rotatably connected in drive cavity (17), the power transmission shaft (85) is horizontally disposed with, and one end of power transmission shaft (85) is connected There is worm screw (87), the worm screw (87) is meshed with worm gear (86), the other end of the power transmission shaft (85) is stretched in drive cavity (17), And driven pulley two (84) is fixed with the end stretched into, driving pulley two is fixed with the motor shaft of the motor (8) (83), the driving pulley two (83) is connected by belt with driven pulley two (84).
CN201611157286.XA 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 A kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel Active CN106585905B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107288113A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-24 金寨益企学农业科技有限公司 A kind of Eichhornia crassipes collection and treatment device for being used to protect water body
CN107697235A (en) * 2017-08-09 2018-02-16 重庆鼎祥钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of water hyacinth clears up ship
CN108374399A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-07 张丽英 A kind of duckweed cleaning ship
CN108505503A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-07 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 A kind of drum-type water surface cleaner device
CN108978612A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 方成 A kind of aquaculture scale processor
CN109018231A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-18 东莞市奇趣机器人科技有限公司 A kind of underwater operation robot floating on water device
CN109306685A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-05 四川达虹宇建筑工程有限公司 A kind of river drifting substances fishing device
CN110140512A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-20 刘先友 A kind of aquatic plant salvaging device
CN110254647A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-09-20 嘉兴古辛达贸易有限公司 A kind of water quality monitoring equipment
CN110952515A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-03 朱兆明 Riverway water ecological treatment equipment and riverway water ecological treatment method thereof
CN112127336A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-12-25 北京航天控制仪器研究所 Unmanned ship collection processing apparatus of type of decontaminating environmental protection
CN112224351A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-15 嘉兴学院 Fishing equipment for river regulation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107697235A (en) * 2017-08-09 2018-02-16 重庆鼎祥钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of water hyacinth clears up ship
CN107288113A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-24 金寨益企学农业科技有限公司 A kind of Eichhornia crassipes collection and treatment device for being used to protect water body
CN108374399B (en) * 2018-02-24 2020-08-14 张丽英 Duckweed cleaning boat
CN108374399A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-07 张丽英 A kind of duckweed cleaning ship
CN108505503A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-07 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 A kind of drum-type water surface cleaner device
CN109018231A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-18 东莞市奇趣机器人科技有限公司 A kind of underwater operation robot floating on water device
CN108978612A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 方成 A kind of aquaculture scale processor
CN109306685A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-05 四川达虹宇建筑工程有限公司 A kind of river drifting substances fishing device
CN110254647B (en) * 2019-05-13 2021-06-22 黑龙江仙御饮品有限公司 Water quality impurity removing equipment
CN110254647A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-09-20 嘉兴古辛达贸易有限公司 A kind of water quality monitoring equipment
CN110140512A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-20 刘先友 A kind of aquatic plant salvaging device
CN110952515A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-03 朱兆明 Riverway water ecological treatment equipment and riverway water ecological treatment method thereof
CN112127336A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-12-25 北京航天控制仪器研究所 Unmanned ship collection processing apparatus of type of decontaminating environmental protection
CN112224351A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-15 嘉兴学院 Fishing equipment for river regulation

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