Field glume and straw field pickup machine
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery, relates generally to a kind of field glume in scarification equipment and straw field pickup machine
Crops glume and stalk are the raw materials of feedstuff and biomass fuel important in livestock rearing industry.
It is presently used for that the existing application of pickup equipment that the glume being sprinkling upon on field soil surface picks up recycling will be dissipated.But due to structure
Problem in design, such equipment are only used for glume pickup, do not have chopping function, due to no cutting structure, it is impossible to be used in
Straw field pickup, transaction capabilities are single, and operation is poor for applicability, and service efficiency is low；Meanwhile it carrying soil in the glume of recycling secretly and measuring more, grain husk
Shell cleannes are poor, cannot be directly used to be processed into feed or biomass fuel uses.
The purpose of the invention designs a kind of field grain husk of new construction aiming at the above-mentioned problems of the prior art
Shell and straw field pickup machine reach and pick up that job area is wide, glume or stalk cleannes of recycling are high, can be directly used for feed or life
Biomass fuel processing uses, reduces the purpose of processing cost.
What the purpose of the invention was realized in：Power transmission box is installed on support assembly front, in the machine
It is mutually parallel from front to back on frame assembly lower part and rotatable installation crossflow fan impeller assembly and screw auger axis successively is total
At the first driving chain connects the crossflow fan impeller axle of the power output shaft of power transmission box and crossflow fan impeller assembly
It connects；Second driving chain is by the screw auger axis connection of crossflow fan impeller axle and screw auger axle assembly, in screw auger axis
A side end on be fixedly mounted with centrifugal blower, the centrifugal blower is connected to feeding tube assembly, on the support assembly upper lateral part
It is equipped with deflector respectively successively from front to back and mesh sieve, the deflector and mesh sieve is located at crossflow fan impeller assembly
Above screw auger axle assembly；Match at position on screw auger axis, between screw auger axle assembly and centrifugal blower
Cutter is filled, field glume and straw field pickup machine are so far constituted.
The invention can not only pick up crops glume, but also can pick up agricultural crop straw, applied widely, and pick up
Glume and stalk after picking up include soil amount less, and cleannes are high, can be directly used for feed or biomass fuel processing uses, have and tie
The feature that structure is rationally, novel, simple, operation quality is good, to be applicable in ability strong.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is field glume and straw field pickup machine general structure schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is the rearview of Fig. 1.
Piece number explanation in figure：
1, support assembly, 2, power transmission box, 3, power output shaft, the 4, first driving chain, 5, crossflow fan impeller axle,
6, deflector, 7, centrifugal blower, 8, mesh sieve, 9, feeding tube assembly, 10, crossflow fan impeller assembly, the 11, second transmission chain
Item, 12, screw auger axis, 13, screw auger axle assembly, 14, cutter.
Specific implementation mode
The invention embodiment is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.A kind of field glume and straw field pickup
Machine installs power transmission box 2 on 1 front of support assembly, is mutually parallel from front to back on 1 lower part of the support assembly and can
The crossflow fan impeller of the installation successively assembly 10 and screw auger axle assembly 13 of rotation, the first driving chain 4 is by power transmission box 2
Power output shaft 3 connect with the crossflow fan impeller axle 5 of crossflow fan impeller assembly 10；Second driving chain 11 will flow over wind
Machine impeller axle 5 is connect with the screw auger axis 12 of screw auger axle assembly 13, is fixedly mounted on a side end of screw auger axis 12
Centrifugal blower 7, the centrifugal blower 7 are connected to feeding tube assembly 9, on 1 upper lateral part of the support assembly from front to back successively
It is equipped with deflector 6 respectively and mesh sieve 8, the deflector 6 and mesh sieve 8 is located at crossflow fan impeller assembly 10 and spiral
13 top of auger axle assembly；Match at position on screw auger axis 12, between screw auger axle assembly 13 and centrifugal blower 7
Fill cutter 14.
When picking up operation, outer defeated power is driven through power transmission box 2, power output shaft 3, the first driving chain 4 and second
Chain 11 respectively drives crossflow fan impeller assembly 10 and screw auger axle assembly 13 rotates, and crossflow fan impeller assembly 10 will be clever
Shell, stalk are picked up from field level, under the cooperation control of deflector 6, are blowed to screw auger axle assembly 13, and to centrifugation
It is conveyed at wind turbine 7, before glume, especially stalk enter centrifugal blower 7, segment processing is carried out to stalk by cutter 14, is kept away
Exempt from plugging fault and mechanical failure failure occurs, stalk and glume are under the effect of centrifugal blower 7 after segment, through feeding tube assembly 9
Smoothly complete stalk, glume output operation.The glume that is picked up from field level by crossflow fan impeller assembly 10, stalk,
While blowing to screw auger axle assembly 13, machine is discharged with air-flow in the soil property carried secretly in glume and stalk from mesh sieve 8