CN205357130U - Stalk harvester - Google Patents

Stalk harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205357130U
CN205357130U CN201620000607.4U CN201620000607U CN205357130U CN 205357130 U CN205357130 U CN 205357130U CN 201620000607 U CN201620000607 U CN 201620000607U CN 205357130 U CN205357130 U CN 205357130U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
plate
spindle nose
side board
front side
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620000607.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡兴阔
郑桂玖
唐宏伟
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201620000607.4U priority Critical patent/CN205357130U/en
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Publication of CN205357130U publication Critical patent/CN205357130U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a stalk harvester send mechanism, preceding curb plate, left side board and right side board to form by picking up rotor, intake mechanism, hand hay cutter cutter structure, conveying mechanism, wind, pick up the rotor by pick up the axle, pick up the knife rest, the cutting knife is constituteed, the cutting knife is fixed on picking up the knife rest, the intake mechanism comprises preceding conveying roller, back conveying roller, compression roller, the hand hay cutter cutter constructs to be become by stationary knife frame, stationary knife and hand hay cutter roller set, conveying mechanism comprises apron, guide plate, sleeve and screw feeder, wind send the mechanism to comprise fan shell, fan wheel, time dryer, last dryer, the utility model discloses can be supporting with current various maize combine, install the header below, expanded the combine function, can gather in the crops the fruit ear, can gather in the crops the straw again, utilize combine former dynamic, do not need additionally supporting power.

Description

A kind of stalk harvester
Technical field
This utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly to a kind of stalk harvester, it is adaptable to crop straw harvesting operation.
Background technology
Semen Maydis is China's staple food crop, and cultivated area is very big.In recent years, corn harvest mechanization Fundamental Solutions is certainly.The most function singleness of corn combine adopted at present, generally only gathers in the crops fruit ear, and corn straw throws aside field, causes difficulty for second stubble crop sowing, is also the main cause causing crop straw burning to pollute.Meanwhile, corn straw is the feed resource of high-quality, through ensiling or yellow storage, as Livestock feedstuff, can promote the livestock-raising development of agriculture district, increase farmers' income.In order to collect corn straw, special straw field pickup baler operation can be adopted at present.So not only add operating cost, and gained straw feed is big containing soil amount, reduces feed quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in that the deficiency overcoming above-mentioned prior art to exist, and a kind of novel straw cropper is provided, this machine is installed to corn combine appropriate location, enables corn combine to simultaneously complete fruit ear results and stalk cutting, extension uses function, reduces operating cost.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of stalk harvester, it is characterised in that: formed by picking up rotor, intake mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism, conveying mechanism, blower structure, front side board, left plate and right plate;Left plate and right plate are connected by bolt and combine harvester cutting table are fixing;The front side board in left side is connected by bolt and left plate are fixing, and the front side board on right side is connected by bolt and right plate are fixing.
Described pick up rotor, by picking up axle, pick up knife rest, cutter forms;Pick up knife rest and be welded into tri-prismoid shape by three block plates, and be welded to and pick up on axle;Cutter is fixed on to be picked up on knife rest;The left end picking up axle is provided with major axis head, and right-hand member is provided with short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing;Sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par.
Described intake mechanism, is made up of front conveying roller, rear conveying roller, pressure roller;The left end of front conveying roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par;The left end of rear conveying roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par;The left end of pressure roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, coordinates installation with the elongated hole on front side board, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par.
Described guillotine cutting mechanism, is made up of tool fixing frame, stationary knife and chopper roller;About tool fixing frame two ends, two front side boards are fixing connects;Stationary knife is fixedly mounted in tool fixing frame;Chopper roller is made up of straw knife axle, chopper plate rail and chopper sheet;Chopper plate rail is that hexagonal is star-like, is welded on straw knife axle;Chopper sheet is fixed on chopper plate rail;The left end of straw knife axle is provided with spindle nose A, is connected with left plate by bearing, and the right-hand member of straw knife axle is provided with spindle nose B, is connected with right plate by bearing;Belt pulley is fixed on the end of spindle nose A.
Described conveying mechanism, is made up of cover plate, deflector, sleeve and screw feeder;The left end of cover plate is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of cover plate is fixed on right plate;The left end of deflector is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of deflector is fixed on right plate;The left end of sleeve is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of sleeve is fixed on right plate;Screw feeder is placed in sleeve, and screw feeder two ends are provided with left spindle nose and right spindle nose, and left spindle nose is installed on left plate by bearing, and right spindle nose is installed on Fan casing by bearing.
Described blower structure, is made up of Fan casing, blast fan, lower air duct, upper air duct, connection dish, hydraulic motor and gear ring;Fan casing is shaped as involute volute type, and Fan casing is fixed on the outside of right plate;Blast fan is fixedly mounted on the right spindle nose of screw feeder;The lower end of lower air duct is fixing with the air outlet of Fan casing to be connected, and upper end is welded with connection dish;The lower end of upper air duct coordinates installation with being connected dish, makes air duct to be rotated about axis;Gear ring is fixed on air duct;Hydraulic motor is fixed on the protuberance of connection dish, drives gear ring by Chain conveyer, and air duct can be driven to rotate.
The utility model has the advantages that: 1, simple in construction, reliable operation, work efficiency is high.2, this utility model is attached on existing corn combine, extends united reaper function, fruit ear can be gathered in the crops, again can harvesting and stalk, make straw be utilized effectively, it is to avoid the wasting of resources, reduce crop straw burning pollute, increase land output.3, this utility model can be supporting with existing various corn combine, applied widely.4, this utility model utilizes the original power of united reaper can meet power demand, does not need extra supporting power, reduces manufacturing cost, saves operating cost.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is this utility model front view.
Fig. 2 is this utility model top view.
Fig. 3 is that this utility model is bowed blower structure outside drawing.
Fig. 4 is this utility model and corn combine rigging position schematic diagram.
1-picks up knife rest, 2-picks up axle, 3-cutter, conveying roller before 4-, conveying roller after 5-, 6-front side board, 7-pressure roller, 8-left plate, 9-cover plate, 10-sleeve, 11-screw feeder, 12-deflector, 13-chopper sheet, 14-chopper plate rail, 15-straw knife axle, 16-tool fixing frame, 17-stationary knife, 18-sprocket wheel, 19-major axis head, 20-belt pulley, 21-spindle nose A, the left spindle nose of 22-, 23-right plate, 24-Fan casing, 25-blast fan, the right spindle nose of 26-, 27-spindle nose B, the short spindle nose of 28-, air duct under 29-, 30-connection dish, 31-gear ring, the upper air duct of 32-, 33-hydraulic motor, the 34-ceding of Taiwan
Detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, this utility model is described in further detail:
As it can be seen, a kind of stalk harvester, by picking up rotor, intake mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism, conveying mechanism, blower structure, front side board 6, left plate 8, right plate 23 form;Left plate 8 and right plate 23 are connected by bolt is fixing with combine harvester cutting table 34;The front side board 6 in left side is connected by bolt is fixing with left plate 8, and the front side board 6 on right side is connected by bolt is fixing with right plate 23.
Pick up rotor by picking up axle 2, pick up knife rest 1, cutter 3 forms;Pick up knife rest 1 and be welded into tri-prismoid shape by three block plates, and be welded to and pick up on axle 2;Cutter 3 is fixed on to be picked up on knife rest 1;The left end picking up axle 2 is provided with major axis head 19, and right-hand member is provided with short spindle nose 28, is connected with left and right two front side board 6 by bearing;Sprocket wheel 18 is fixed on major axis head 19 end.
Intake mechanism is made up of front conveying roller 4, rear conveying roller 5, pressure roller 7;The left end of front conveying roller 4 is welded with major axis head 19, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose 28, is connected with left and right two front side board 6 by bearing, and sprocket wheel 18 is fixed on major axis head 19 end;The left end of rear conveying roller 5 is welded with major axis head 19, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose 28, is connected with left and right two front side board 6 by bearing, and sprocket wheel 18 is fixed on major axis head 19 end;The left end of pressure roller 7 is welded with major axis head 19, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose 28, coordinates installation, sprocket wheel 18 to be fixed on major axis head 19 end with the elongated hole on front side board 6.Intake mechanism can adjust according to combine harvester cutting table flexible form, when combine harvester cutting table is longer, can increase first-level transport roller, when combine harvester cutting table relatively length, can increase first-level transport roller.
Guillotine cutting mechanism is made up of tool fixing frame 16, stationary knife 17 and chopper roller;Tool fixing frame 16 two ends are fixing with left and right two front side board 6 to be connected;Stationary knife 17 is fixedly mounted in tool fixing frame 16;Chopper roller is made up of straw knife axle 15, chopper plate rail 14 and chopper sheet 13;Chopper plate rail 14 is star-like in hexagonal, welds with straw knife axle 15;Chopper sheet 13 is fixed on chopper plate rail 14;The left end of straw knife axle 15 is provided with spindle nose A21, is connected with left plate 8 by bearing, and the right-hand member of straw knife axle 15 is provided with spindle nose B27, is connected with right plate 23 by bearing;Belt pulley 20 is fixed on the end of spindle nose A21.
Conveying mechanism is made up of cover plate 9, deflector 12, sleeve 10 and screw feeder 11;The left end of cover plate 9 is fixed on left plate 8, and the right-hand member of cover plate 9 is fixed on right plate 23;The left end of deflector 12 is fixed on left plate 8, and the right-hand member of deflector 12 is fixed on right plate 23;The left end of sleeve 10 is fixed on left plate 8, and the right-hand member of sleeve 10 is fixed on right plate 23;Screw feeder 11 is placed in sleeve 10, and screw feeder 11 two ends are provided with left spindle nose 22 and left spindle nose 26, and left spindle nose 22 is installed on left plate 8 by bearing, and right spindle nose 26 is installed on Fan casing 24 by bearing.
Blower structure is made up of Fan casing 24, blast fan 25, lower air duct 29, upper air duct 32, connection dish 30, hydraulic motor 33 and gear ring 31;Fan casing 24 is shaped as involute volute type, and Fan casing 24 is fixed on the outside of right plate 23;Blast fan 25 is fixedly mounted on the right spindle nose 26 of screw feeder 11;The lower end of lower air duct 29 is fixing with the air outlet of Fan casing 24 to be connected, and lower air duct 29 upper end is welded with connection dish 30;The lower end of upper air duct 32 coordinates installation with being connected dish 30, makes air duct 32 to be rotated about axis;Gear ring 31 is fixed on air duct 32;Hydraulic motor 33 is fixed on the protuberance of connection dish 30, drives gear ring 31 by Chain conveyer, air duct 32 can be driven to rotate.
Below in conjunction with brief description utility model works process once.
This utility model is fixedly installed to below the corn combine ceding of Taiwan 34, and when corn combine works, this utility model advances together with corn combine.Picking up rotor to be driven by Chain conveyer, power takes from corn combine, in fig. 1, picks up rotor in counterclockwise rotating, picks up and be fixed with cutter 3 on rotor, and long corn straw on the ground is cut off and picks up by cutter 3, throws to rear;Front conveying roller 4 is driven by Chain conveyer, rotates counterclockwise, is rearward transmitted by the straw picking up rotor throwing next;Rear conveying roller 5 is driven by Chain conveyer, rotates counterclockwise, is rearward transmitted by the straw that the conveying of front conveying roller 4 comes;Pressure roller 7 is positioned at the top of rear conveying roller 5, floating mount is on two front side boards 6, certain amplitude up and down motion can be done by elongated hole along front side board 6, pressure roller 7 is driven by Chain conveyer, rotates in the direction of the clock, and pressure roller 7 and rear conveying roller 5 rotating speed are equal, direction of rotation is contrary, pressure roller 7 presses to rear conveying roller 5 by deadweight, holds corn straw and rearward carries, and is transported to by corn straw above stationary knife 17;Chopper roller is driven by belt transmission, rotate in the direction of the clock, chopper roller is fixed with chopper sheet, chopper sheet 13 and stationary knife 17 coordinate, straw cutting conveying come becomes to be about the segment of 30mm, chopper roller and deflector 12 coordinate simultaneously, are transported to screw feeder 11 by cutting up with a hay cutter broken straw, and cover plate 9 is used for preventing crushing straw from escaping;Screw feeder 11 is driven by belt transmission, and screw feeder 11 and sleeve 10 coordinate, and crushing straw is pushed to blast fan 25;Blast fan 25 high speed rotating in the direction of the clock, relies on negative pressure that screw feeder 11 pushes the crushing straw come and sucks in Fan casing 24, and crushing straw is blown into lower air duct 29;Crushing straw moves along lower air duct 29, upper air duct 32, discharges from the outlet of upper air duct 32, the transport vehicle following operation collect.Here it is the whole work process of this utility model.
Description to this utility model detailed description of the invention above, simply lists the one of detailed description of the invention.This utility model is not limited to supporting corn combine and carries out corn straw harvest operation, it is possible to other mechanical engagement, be used for gathering in the crops agricultural crop straw.This utility model can also be utilized, manufacture special stalk harvester.

Claims (6)

1. a stalk harvester, it is characterised in that: formed by picking up rotor, intake mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism, conveying mechanism, blower structure, front side board, left plate and right plate;Left plate and right plate are connected by bolt and combine harvester cutting table are fixing;The front side board in left side is connected by bolt and left plate are fixing, and the front side board on right side is connected by bolt and right plate are fixing.
2. a kind of stalk harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described in pick up rotor, by picking up axle, pick up knife rest, cutter forms;Pick up knife rest and be welded into tri-prismoid shape by three block plates, and be welded to and pick up on axle;Cutter is fixed on to be picked up on knife rest;The left end picking up axle is provided with major axis head, and right-hand member is provided with short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing;Sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par.
3. a kind of stalk harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described intake mechanism, it is made up of front conveying roller, rear conveying roller, pressure roller;The left end of front conveying roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par;The left end of rear conveying roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, is connected with left and right two front side board by bearing, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par;The left end of pressure roller is welded with major axis head, and right-hand member welds short spindle nose, coordinates installation with the elongated hole on front side board, and sprocket wheel is fixed on major axis cephalic par.
4. a kind of stalk harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described guillotine cutting mechanism, it is made up of tool fixing frame, stationary knife and chopper roller;About tool fixing frame two ends, two front side boards are fixing connects;Stationary knife is fixedly mounted in tool fixing frame;Chopper roller is made up of straw knife axle, chopper plate rail and chopper sheet;Chopper plate rail is that hexagonal is star-like, is welded on straw knife axle;Chopper sheet is fixed on chopper plate rail;The left end of straw knife axle is provided with spindle nose A, is connected with left plate by bearing, and the right-hand member of straw knife axle is provided with spindle nose B, is connected with right plate by bearing;Belt pulley is fixed on the end of spindle nose A.
5. a kind of stalk harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described conveying mechanism, it is made up of cover plate, deflector, sleeve and screw feeder;The left end of cover plate is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of cover plate is fixed on right plate;The left end of deflector is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of deflector is fixed on right plate;The left end of sleeve is fixed on left plate, and the right-hand member of sleeve is fixed on right plate;Screw feeder is placed in sleeve, and screw feeder two ends are provided with left spindle nose and right spindle nose, and left spindle nose is installed on left plate by bearing, and right spindle nose is installed on Fan casing by bearing.
6. a kind of stalk harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described blower structure, it is made up of Fan casing, blast fan, lower air duct, upper air duct, connection dish, hydraulic motor and gear ring;Fan casing is shaped as involute volute type, and Fan casing is fixed on the outside of right plate;Blast fan is fixedly mounted on the right spindle nose of screw feeder;The lower end of lower air duct is fixing with the air outlet of Fan casing to be connected, and upper end is welded with connection dish;The lower end of upper air duct coordinates installation with being connected dish, makes air duct to be rotated about axis;Gear ring is fixed on air duct;Hydraulic motor is fixed on the protuberance of connection dish, drives gear ring by Chain conveyer, and air duct can be driven to rotate.
CN201620000607.4U 2016-01-04 2016-01-04 Stalk harvester Expired - Fee Related CN205357130U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620000607.4U CN205357130U (en) 2016-01-04 2016-01-04 Stalk harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620000607.4U CN205357130U (en) 2016-01-04 2016-01-04 Stalk harvester

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107027420A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-11 宁德师范学院 A kind of disc type Jujun grasses harvester
CN108901326A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-11-30 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of crop material rolling cut Working mechanism
CN110301218A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-08 山东理工大学 A kind of multi-functional Green-fodder harvesting machine of hobboing cutter chopper mill
CN111557169A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-21 中联重机浙江有限公司 Low-position corn header

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107027420A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-11 宁德师范学院 A kind of disc type Jujun grasses harvester
CN108901326A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-11-30 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of crop material rolling cut Working mechanism
CN109121677A (en) * 2018-01-24 2019-01-04 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of crop material pulls out cutting joint institution
CN108901326B (en) * 2018-01-24 2021-02-26 福建永顺机械有限公司 Crop straw rolling-cutting operation mechanism
CN110301218A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-08 山东理工大学 A kind of multi-functional Green-fodder harvesting machine of hobboing cutter chopper mill
CN111557169A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-21 中联重机浙江有限公司 Low-position corn header

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160706

Termination date: 20180104

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee