CN101601344B - Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine - Google Patents

Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101601344B
CN101601344B CN2009100172100A CN200910017210A CN101601344B CN 101601344 B CN101601344 B CN 101601344B CN 2009100172100 A CN2009100172100 A CN 2009100172100A CN 200910017210 A CN200910017210 A CN 200910017210A CN 101601344 B CN101601344 B CN 101601344B
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China
Prior art keywords
bevel gears
lifting
harvesting
cabinet
tractor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009100172100A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101601344A (en
Inventor
段毅凡
王立华
王金平
陈迪
王庆英
许志坚
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段毅凡
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Publication of CN101601344B publication Critical patent/CN101601344B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine, which is composed of a machine box, a grain lifter arranged in front of the machine box, harvesting shears, a feeding mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a throwing air blower which are arranged in the machine box, a power transmission mechanism arranged on the machine box and a lifting mechanism connected with a tractor. Corn straws are harvested by the harvesting shears and are crushed by the crushing mechanism after passing through the feeding mechanism; the crushed straws are discharged into a hopper by the throwing air blower. The invention solves the problem that the corn straws can not be harvested, crushed and collected at the same time, and belongs to a novel agricultural combination machine. The corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine has high work speed and high efficiency and does not delay the farming season.

Description

Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery.
Background technology
In vast corn producing region, the harvesting mode is to pluck corn earlier, removes corn stalk again.Sweep-out method has multiple, and somebody worker connects root and excludes; What have surgeries stalk on the ground with reaping hook, again with the straw collecting of excluding, piles up the rand roadside, and combustion is fallen, after the pulverizing that has as the cattle and sheep feed.Therefore, remove stalk behind the harvesting corn and bring heavy manpower work, efficient is low, drags to such an extent that the time is long, influences cultivating of winter wheat.Also do not find a kind of machinery of harvesting corn straw up till now, the association type machinery that especially can gather in, can pulverize immediately again.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine that is suspended on the tractor for addressing the above problem, and realizes that mechanical harvesting and processing pulverizing are integrated.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: power drive mechanism on it comprises cabinet, is installed in the grain lifter of cabinet front, is installed in harvesting scissors, intake mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, the lifting blower fan in the cabinet and is installed in cabinet and the elevating mechanism that is connected with tractor.
Described grain lifter is a triangle support body, is arranged between every group of harvesting scissors and the outside of limit portion harvesting scissors, and triangle support body tip is used to set upright and the knife-edge part of combing stalk to every group of harvesting scissors towards the place ahead;
Described harvesting scissors constitutes one group by the first quiet cutter and moving knife, and the first quiet cutter is mounted in the anterior bar shaped cutter near the place, ground of cabinet; Described moving knife is a disc type gear piece cutter, and disc type gear piece cutter is installed on the vertical shaft that horizontally rotates; The first quiet cutter and moving knife cooperate the formation scissors to be used to cut stalk; Described harvesting scissors is established the 2-4 group;
Described intake mechanism is equipped with first cylinder near the harvesting scissors, along being distributed with some rake teeths on first drum shaft; The first cylinder two end supports on the resilient support arm, by the effect of resilient support arm, can when making feeding according to how many free liftings of charging.
Described disintegrating mechanism is that the back of intake mechanism is equipped with second quiet cutter and the cylinder knife in cabinet, and the structure of cylinder knife is a few group leader's blades to be arranged in that the side face of second tin roller is axial arranged, and the long blade blade and the second quiet cutter form shearing force.
Described lifting blower fan is mounted in the centrifugal fan of disintegrating mechanism back, and the charging aperture of lifting blower fan is facing to the disintegrating mechanism discharging opening, and the outlet of lifting blower fan connects transport tube.
Described transmission mechanism is the mechanism that tractor dynamic power is sent to above-mentioned each mechanism's rotatable parts, it is by the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft, first driving gear set, first bevel gears, second driving gear set, second chain wheel driving mechanism, second bevel gears, the 3rd bevel gears is formed jointly, its drive connection is: it at first sends tractor dynamic power to lifting draught fan impeller axle by first chain wheel driving mechanism, lifting draught fan impeller axle is provided with first driving gear set, first driving gear set is passed to first bevel gears, passes to the drum shaft of disintegrating mechanism after the first bevel gears break-in by second driving gear set; Drum shaft is passed to the drum shaft of intake mechanism again by second chain wheel driving mechanism; First bevel gears is also passed to second bevel gears by a longitudinal drive shaft, passes on the vertical shaft of disc type teeth cutter blade after the second bevel gears break-in.When harvesting scissors when being provided with more than two groups, second bevel gears is again by next bevel gears continuation break-in, successively to the vertical shaft transferring power of next disc type blade.
Described elevating mechanism is installed in the tractor front, and it comprises lifting suspension and lifting hydraulic cylinder, makes the upper and lower lifting of lifting suspension by lifting hydraulic cylinder.The lifting suspension is made up of guide chute that is fixed on tractor support body both sides and the balladeur train that slides up and down in chute, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is hinged on the balladeur train, and balladeur train is hinged with front tension bar on the top, and the front tension bar other end is hinged on the cabinet front end; Front tension bar is made up of positive and negative leading screw and positive and negative nut, is used for adjusting yoke length, thereby regulates the pitch angle of complete machine front end, and guide chute is fixed on the tractor support body by back stay.During the lifting of lifting suspension, make corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine built on stilts null, or implement operation near ground.
The present invention can draw a storehouse formula trailer behind tractor when farm work, lifting blower fan transport tube is switched in the trailer storehouse with flexible pipe, pulverizes while gathering in, and puts in storage in the limit.Change a storehouse formula trailer again after the storehouse is full.The processing of packing in the field of trailer storehouse after filling, standby as animal feeding-stuff.
The invention solves the problem of pulverizing the limit collection while gathering in of maize straw, belong to a kind of novel agriculture combine, operating rate is fast, and the efficient height does not miss farming season.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a power drive mechanism diagrammatic top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the left view schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Among the figure: 1-triangle support body; The 2-first quiet cutter; The 3-moving knife; 4-first cylinder; The 5-second quiet cutter; The 6-long blade; The 7-second tin roller; The 8-centrifugal fan; 9-is by movable sprocket; 10-tractor support body; 11-tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft; 12-sprocket shaft bearing; The 13-back stay; The 14-guide chute; The 15-balladeur train; The 16-lifting hydraulic cylinder; The 17-drive sprocket; The 18-transport tube; The 19-front tension bar; 20-first driving gear set; 21-second driving gear set; 22-first bevel gears; 23-resilient support arm; 24-second bevel gears; The 25-cabinet; The 26-vertical shaft; The 27-rake teeth; The 28-drive sprocket; 29-is by movable sprocket; 30-the 3rd bevel gears.
Embodiment
Be detail knowledge technical scheme of the present invention, further specify with reference to the accompanying drawings: accompanying drawing be with two groups the harvesting scissors be example.Shown in accompanying drawing 1,2,3 and 4:
Technical scheme of the present invention is: power drive mechanism on it comprises cabinet 25, is installed in the grain lifter of cabinet 25 fronts, is installed in harvesting scissors, intake mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, the lifting blower fan in the cabinet 25 and is installed in cabinet and the elevating mechanism that is connected with tractor.
Described grain lifter is a triangle support body 1, is arranged between every group of harvesting scissors and the outside of limit portion harvesting scissors, and triangle support body 1 tip is used to set upright and the knife-edge part of combing stalk to every group of harvesting scissors towards the place ahead;
Described harvesting scissors constitutes one group by the first quiet cutter 2 and moving knife 3, and the first quiet cutter 2 is mounted in cabinet 25 anterior bar shaped cuttves near the place, ground; Described moving knife is a disc type gear piece cutter, and disc type gear piece cutter is installed on the vertical shaft 26 that horizontally rotates; The first quiet cutter 2 and moving knife 3 cooperate the formation scissors to be used to cut stalk; Described harvesting scissors is established the 2-4 group;
Described intake mechanism is being equipped with first cylinder 4 near harvesting above the scissors, along being distributed with some rake teeths 27 on 4 on first cylinder; First cylinder, 4 two end supports on resilient support arm 23, by the effect of resilient support arm 23, can when making feeding according to how many free liftings of charging.
Described disintegrating mechanism is that the back of intake mechanism in cabinet 25 is equipped with second quiet cutter 5 and the cylinder knife, and the structure of cylinder knife is a few group leader's blades 6 to be arranged in that the side face of second tin roller 7 is axial arranged, and long blade 6 blades and the second quiet cutter 5 form shearing forces.
Described lifting blower fan is mounted in the centrifugal fan 8 of pulverizing the back, and the charging aperture of lifting blower fan is facing to the disintegrating mechanism discharging opening, and the outlet of lifting blower fan connects transport tube 18.
Described transmission mechanism (see figure 3) is made of jointly tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft 11, sprocket shaft bearing 12, first chain wheel driving mechanism, first driving gear set 20, first bevel gears 22, second driving gear set 21, second chain wheel driving mechanism, second bevel gears 24, the 3rd bevel gears 30.First chain wheel driving mechanism is formed by drive sprocket 17 with by movable sprocket 9, and second chain wheel driving mechanism is formed by drive sprocket 28 with by movable sprocket 29, wherein is installed in sprocket shaft bearing 12 through universal joint on the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft 11; Drive sprocket 17 is installed on the axle 11, is installed on the draught fan impeller axle by movable sprocket 9, realizes power transmission by chain, drives the materiel fan running; First driving gear set 20 is installed in the draught fan impeller axle other end and sends power on the cabinet first bevel gears 22,22 fens two-way of first bevel gears transmit, one is that 90 degree transmit rearward cylinder 7 rotations that drive disintegrating mechanism to second driving gear set 21, the 2nd, axially send second bevel gears 24 that is installed on the cabinet to, 24 fens two-way of second bevel gears transmit, the one, send the vertical shaft 26 of disc type teeth cutter blade after the vertical break-in to, two is to send the 3rd bevel gears 30 to after the 90 degree break-ins, vertically sends the vertical shaft of second group of harvesting scissors after the break-in to.Drive sprocket 28 is installed in the drum shaft other end of disintegrating mechanism by on the axle of the cylinder 4 of intake mechanism that movable sprocket is installed in, and power is sent to cylinder 4 by chain again and realizes transmitting.
Described elevating mechanism is installed in the tractor front, and it comprises lifting suspension and lifting hydraulic cylinder 16, makes the upper and lower lifting of lifting suspension by lifting hydraulic cylinder 16.The lifting suspension is made up of guide chute 14 that is fixed on tractor support body 10 both sides and the balladeur train 15 that slides up and down in chute 14, lifting hydraulic cylinder 16 is hinged on the balladeur train 15, balladeur train is hinged with front tension bar 19 on 15 tops, and front tension bar 19 other ends are hinged on cabinet 25 front ends; Front tension bar 19 is made up of positive and negative leading screw and positive and negative nut, is used for adjusting yoke length, thereby regulates the pitch angle of complete machine front end, and guide chute 14 is fixed on the tractor support body 10 by back stay 13.During the lifting of lifting suspension, make corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine built on stilts null, or implement operation near ground.

Claims (1)

1. corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine, it is characterized in that power drive mechanism on it comprises cabinet, is installed in the grain lifter of cabinet front, is installed in harvesting scissors, intake mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, the lifting blower fan in the cabinet and is installed in cabinet and the elevating mechanism that is connected with tractor; Wherein:
Described grain lifter is a triangle support body, is arranged between every group of harvesting scissors and the outside of limit portion harvesting scissors, and triangle support body tip is used to set upright and the knife-edge part of combing stalk to every group of harvesting scissors towards the place ahead;
Described harvesting scissors constitutes one group by the first quiet cutter and moving knife, and the first quiet cutter is mounted in the anterior bar shaped cutter near the place, ground of cabinet; Described moving knife is a disc type gear piece cutter, and disc type gear piece cutter is installed on the vertical shaft that horizontally rotates; The first quiet cutter and moving knife cooperate the formation scissors to be used to cut stalk; Described harvesting scissors is established the 2-4 group;
Described intake mechanism is equipped with first cylinder near the harvesting scissors, along being distributed with a plurality of rake teeths on first drum shaft; The first cylinder two end supports is on the resilient support arm;
Described disintegrating mechanism is that the back of intake mechanism is equipped with second quiet cutter and the cylinder knife in cabinet, and the structure of cylinder knife is a few group leader's blades to be arranged in that the side face of second tin roller is axial arranged, and the long blade blade and the second quiet cutter form shearing force;
Described lifting blower fan is mounted in the centrifugal fan of disintegrating mechanism back, and the charging aperture of lifting blower fan is facing to the disintegrating mechanism discharging opening, and the outlet of lifting blower fan connects transport tube;
Described transmission mechanism is the mechanism that tractor dynamic power is sent to above-mentioned each mechanism's rotatable parts, it is by the tractor dynamic power power transmission shaft, first driving gear set, first bevel gears, second driving gear set, second chain wheel driving mechanism, second bevel gears, the 3rd bevel gears is formed jointly, its drive connection is: at first send tractor dynamic power to lifting draught fan impeller axle by first chain wheel driving mechanism, lifting draught fan impeller axle is provided with first driving gear set, first driving gear set is passed to first bevel gears, passes to the drum shaft of disintegrating mechanism after the first bevel gears break-in by second driving gear set; Drum shaft is passed to the drum shaft of intake mechanism again by second chain wheel driving mechanism; First bevel gears is also passed to second bevel gears by a longitudinal drive shaft, passes on the vertical shaft of disc type teeth cutter blade after the second bevel gears break-in; Second bevel gears continues break-in by next bevel gears again, successively to the vertical shaft transferring power of next disc type blade;
Described elevating mechanism is installed in the tractor front, and it comprises lifting suspension and lifting hydraulic cylinder; The lifting suspension is made up of guide chute that is fixed on tractor support body both sides and the balladeur train that slides up and down in chute, and lifting hydraulic cylinder is hinged on the balladeur train, and balladeur train is hinged with front tension bar on the top, and the front tension bar other end is hinged on the cabinet front end; Front tension bar is made up of positive and negative leading screw and positive and negative nut, and guide chute is fixed on the tractor support body by back stay.
CN2009100172100A 2009-07-12 2009-07-12 Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine Expired - Fee Related CN101601344B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100172100A CN101601344B (en) 2009-07-12 2009-07-12 Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100172100A CN101601344B (en) 2009-07-12 2009-07-12 Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101601344A CN101601344A (en) 2009-12-16
CN101601344B true CN101601344B (en) 2011-06-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106576588A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-04-26 濮阳市农发机械制造有限公司 Ground hobbing cutter type harvesting platform capable of harvesting four rows of stalks and cobs
CN107018751A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-08 山东常美机械制造有限公司 A kind of corn picker
CN110952357B (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-11-03 张亚勤 Straw recycling papermaking pulping pretreatment system
CN112106523A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-12-22 新疆农业大学 Edible sunflower grain lifter, edible sunflower picking frame and edible sunflower picking platform

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Inventor after: Wang Lihua

Inventor after: Wang Jinping

Inventor after: Chen Di

Inventor after: Wang Qingying

Inventor after: Xu Zhijian

Inventor before: Wang Jinping

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 271402 NINGYANG COUNTY TIANGONG GENERAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD., NO.74, SIDIAN ROAD, CITY PROPER, NINGYANG COUNTY, SHANDONG PROVINCE TO: 271019 SHANDONG UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,NO.223,DAIZHONG AVENUE,TAI AN CITY,SHANDONG PROVINCE

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