CN205105647U - Greenfeed harvester - Google Patents

Greenfeed harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205105647U
CN205105647U CN201520467098.1U CN201520467098U CN205105647U CN 205105647 U CN205105647 U CN 205105647U CN 201520467098 U CN201520467098 U CN 201520467098U CN 205105647 U CN205105647 U CN 205105647U
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China
Prior art keywords
spiral conveying
cutting
curved surface
hammer leaf
green
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CN201520467098.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张中锋
刘继泽
赵忠良
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Gansu Hengyuan Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
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YONGCHANG HENGYUAN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a greenfeed harvester, smashing including workstation frame, cutting and rubbing mechanism, screw conveyer and construct, go out feed cylinder, motor, gearbox and three point suspension frame etc. The cutting is smashed and is rubbed the mechanism and establish in workstation frame lower part, and the cutting is smashed and is rubbed the mechanism including cutting arbor, cutting knife, hammer leaf axle, hammer leaf, spike -tooth stationary knife, smashes the hammer leaf axle rear of rubbing the mechanism in the cutting and is equipped with the arc and throws and send the curved surface, makes the high -speed fodder that has revolved of hammer leaf follow cambered surface tangential direction and falls into the auger delivery inslot, the screw conveyer structure is established at workstation frame middle part, and screw conveyer constructs including auger delivery groove, auger delivery blade axle, auger delivery blade, fan blade, sprocket, chain, go out the feed cylinder and establish on workstation frame upper portion, go out the feed cylinder middle part and be equipped with the motor. The utility model discloses a complete mechanized results green -feed, production efficiency is high, save a large amount of manpowers, and the work stationarity is good, cutting and smashing is rubbed effectually.

Description

A kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, the fodder grass harvest machinery particularly in agricultural machinery, is a kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine specifically.
Background technology
Along with China's living standard of urban and rural population level improves constantly, diet structure is progressively improved, the demand of ox, goat milk goods and meat eggs increases year by year, therefore the production greatly developing the raising such as ox, sheep and forage crop is needed, silage fodder and harvest machinery thereof are then the important steps in this evolution, agricultural crop straw is as a kind of important feed resource, its mechanized harvest is an important component part of Developing Animal aquaculture, stalk stock keeping, excessively abdomen also field, agriculture district stalk resource can be made full use of, increase substantially beef or mutton and milk yield; Greatly can save feed-use grain, alleviate the pressure that grain demand increases; Can soil organic matter content be increased, improve soil water storage fertilizer-preserving ability, promote increases in grain production; The environmental pollution that crop straw burning causes can also be reduced, form save-grain animal husbandry production structure, so need a large amount of Green-fodder harvesting machines.Current results make silage fodder manual work, semi-mechanization operation.During manual work, labour intensity is very large and efficiency is low, and due to crops such as silage corns, optimum harvest date only has short more than ten days, does not have enough labours to complete; Semi-mechanization operation transports to threshing ground by after hand harvest, shredded then carry out envelope cellar for storing things by motor-driven hay cutter.China's green fodder processing method many employings swath harvesting, most of area still adopts hand harvest or semi-mechanization results, stalk is transported field and rub silk pulverizing again, operating efficiency is low, labour intensity is large, feeding quality is poor, oneself can not meet the demand of modernization large-scale farming industry, be unfavorable for developing aquaculture, also increase labour intensity and production cost to large aquaculture family.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, the problem such as labour intensity large, production efficiency low, feeding quality poor low for mechanization degree in prior art and provides one once can complete cutting, pulverizes and rub, carry, throw the multiple working procedures such as entrucking, can solve a kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine of Combined fodder results.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine, comprise worktable frame, cutting mechanism, crushing rubber structure, spiral conveying mechanism, blower structure, described cutting mechanism is the cutter in worktable frame front end, cutter are fixed on cutting cutter shaft, cutting cutter shaft bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame, wherein one end is power intake, and cutting cutter shaft rotarily drives cutting swivel; It is crushing rubber structure after cutter, described crushing rubber structure comprises hammer leaf, spike-tooth stationary knife, hammer leaf is located on hammer slice axis with bifilar helix trend, spike-tooth stationary knife is below hammer leaf, hammer slice axis bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame, wherein one end is power intake, and hammer leaf is by hammer slice axis driven rotary; Spike-tooth stationary knife is fixed on arc and throws on curved surface, and described arc throws curved surface and hammer slice axis, hammer leaf wrapped in middle and lower part in curved surface; The curved surface internal upper part that arc throws curved surface is spiral conveying mechanism, described spiral conveying mechanism comprises the spiral conveying blade in spiral conveying groove, spiral conveying groove, spiral conveying blade is located on spiral conveying blade axle with single conchoid trend, spiral conveying blade axle bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame, wherein one end is power intake, spiral conveying groove and arc throw between curved surface gap, and spiral conveying groove top has charging uncovered; Spiral conveying mechanism end on blower structure, described blower structure comprises fan blade, discharge barrel, discharging nozzle, fan blade twitch material to discharge barrel, expect to go out from discharging nozzle, discharge barrel is connected in worktable frame top, and discharge barrel import communicates with spiral conveying groove end.
Described fan blade is located on spiral conveying blade axle.
Described discharge barrel is divided into two sections, and epimere and hypomere junction are circular socket, and upper pars infrasegmentalis is provided with driven gear, and driven gear engages with driving gear, and driving gear is by driven by motor.
Described cutter have three groups, are distributed on cutting cutter shaft, knife face and cutter Axial and radial angle 10-30 degree.
Described spiral conveying groove is provided with spiral conveying groove lid, and spiral conveying groove lid is hinged, and another side throws curved surface by spiral conveying groove folding handle and arc and closes.
Described cutter overhead have the difference in height of 5-10 centimetre.
Described worktable frame rear is provided with gearbox and trifilar suspension frame, and gearbox exports the revolving force of extracting for cutting cutter shaft, hammer slice axis, spiral conveying blade axle.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: 1) mechanized harvest green fodder completely, production efficiency is high, save a large amount of manpower, stable working is good, cutting and pulverizing are rubbed effective, the feed processed is the filamentary fibers of the Length discrepancy such as silk, section, end, soft moderate, be particularly suitable for the animal feeding such as ox, sheep;
2) discharge barrel is divided into two sections, epimere rotatable, thus dispersion feed, avoids feed picking up in railway carriage to concentrate to pile up;
3) cutter overhead have certain difference in height, and facility move forward, and the stalk that cutter cut off does not contact with earth's surface all the time, thus avoid damaged mulch film, soil etc. and be mixed into and pulverized in the straw feed rubbed;
4) hammer leaf moves towards to install with bifilar helix on hammer slice axis, and below hammer leaf, arc throws on curved surface and is fixed with spike-tooth stationary knife by screw, ensure that stalk can fully be pulverized and rubs;
5) arc throws curved surface and makes the feed of hammer leaf spin-up fall in spiral conveying groove along cambered surface tangential direction, ensure that pulverizing the feed after rubbing enters spiral conveying mechanism secondary smoothly and rub;
6) spiral conveying groove lid is opened by spiral conveying groove folding handle, the blocking feed of timely cleaning spiral delivery chute;
7) gearbox and trifilar suspension frame, guarantees power input and facility mounting.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model complete machine structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model rear structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the utility model cutting and grinding kneading mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 4 is this practical spiral conveying mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 5 is this practical discharge barrel structural representation;
Fig. 6 is this practical cutter sectional view;
Fig. 7 throws view for this practicality;
In figure: 1-worktable frame, 2-spiral conveying groove lid, 3-cutter, 4-hammer slice axis, 5-hammer leaf, 6-spiral conveying blade, 7-motor, 8-discharge barrel, 9-discharging nozzle, 10-trifilar suspension frame, 11-gearbox, 12-spiral conveying groove folding handle, 13-trip bolt, 14-spiral conveying groove, 15-spiral conveying blade axle, 16-cuts cutter shaft, 17-spike-tooth stationary knife, 18-screw, 19-arc throws curved surface, 20-chain, 21-sprocket wheel, 22-fan blade, 23-driving gear, 24-driven gear, 25-gap, Fig. 6 single lined arrows shows direction of advance, double-lined arrow shows cutter direction of rotation, Fig. 7 arrow shows and throws direction.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail:
A kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine, comprise worktable frame 1, cutting mechanism, crushing rubber structure, spiral conveying mechanism, blower structure, described cutting mechanism is the cutter 3 in worktable frame 1 front end, cutter 3 are fixed on cutting cutter shaft 16, cutting cutter shaft 16 bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame 1, wherein one end is power intake, and cutting cutter shaft 16 rotarily drives cutter 3 turns; It is crushing rubber structure after cutter 3, described crushing rubber structure comprises hammer leaf 5, spike-tooth stationary knife 17, hammer leaf 5 is located on hammer slice axis 4 with bifilar helix trend, spike-tooth stationary knife 17 is below hammer leaf 5, hammer slice axis 4 bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame 1, wherein one end is power intake, and hammer leaf 5 is by hammer slice axis 4 driven rotary; Spike-tooth stationary knife 17 is fixed on arc and throws on curved surface 19, and described arc throws curved surface 19 and hammer slice axis 4, hammer leaf 5 wrapped in middle and lower part in curved surface; The curved surface internal upper part that arc throws curved surface 19 is spiral conveying mechanism, described spiral conveying mechanism comprises the spiral conveying blade 6 in spiral conveying groove 14, spiral conveying groove 14, spiral conveying blade 6 is located on spiral conveying blade axle 15 with single conchoid trend, spiral conveying blade axle 15 bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame 1, wherein one end is power intake, spiral conveying groove 14 and arc throw between curved surface 19 gap 25, and spiral conveying groove 14 top has charging uncovered; Spiral conveying mechanism end on blower structure, described blower structure comprises fan blade 22, discharge barrel 8, discharging nozzle 9, fan blade 22 twitch material to discharge barrel 8, expect to go out from discharging nozzle 9, discharge barrel 8 is connected in worktable frame 1 top, and discharge barrel 8 import communicates with spiral conveying groove 14 end.Station frame 1 rear is provided with gearbox 11 and trifilar suspension frame 10.
Operation principle:
The power of tractor rear power output shaft, through sprocket wheel, chain, power transmission shaft, universal joints etc. are transformed into tractor front, then in the position of tractor front dress balance weight iron, a crossbeam is installed, by the trifilar suspension frame 10 of the hinged Green-fodder harvesting machine worktable frame 1 of front beam, when tractor moves forward, power imports gearbox 11 into, each mechanism starts working, cutter 3 rotate to hammer leaf 5, cutter 3 overhead have certain difference in height, general 5-10 centimetre, the stalk that when facility move forward, cutter 3 cut off does not contact with earth's surface all the time, thus avoid damaged mulch film, soil etc. are mixed into and are pulverized in the straw feed rubbed.Crushed stalk kneading mechanism is equipped with in position, cutter 3 back upper place, cutter 3 are by straw cutting, front stalk in the wings cut-off stalk enters crushing rubber structure under promoting, stalk is after hammer leaf 5 and spike-tooth stationary knife 17 are repeatedly pulverized and rubbed, by the high speed spin-up of hammer leaf 5 on hammer slice axis 4, the cambered surface tangent trajectory direction throwing curved surface 19 along hammer slice axis 4 rear arc falls in spiral conveying groove 14 (material throwing track and arc throw curved surface radian and adapt), spiral conveying groove lid 2 is opened by spiral conveying groove folding handle 12, the blocking feed of timely cleaning spiral delivery chute 14, special hammer leaf 5 is in " Y " shape, more easily smash stalk.Above crushing rubber structure, spiral conveying mechanism is housed, spiral conveying groove 14 left-end point of spiral conveying mechanism is equipped with fan blade 22, pulverized and rubbed into silk, section, last straw feed under the promotion of spiral conveying mechanism, be admitted in blower fan along planned course, under fan blade 22 acts on, pulverized stalk is blown discharging nozzle 9 along discharge barrel, enters and picks up in railway carriage, thus completes cutting, pulverizes and rub, carry, throw the overall processes such as entrucking.In order to avoid feed pick up in railway carriage concentrate pile up, described discharge barrel 8 is divided into two sections, epimere and hypomere junction are circular socket, upper pars infrasegmentalis is provided with driven gear 24, driven gear 24 engages with driving gear 23, driving gear 23 is driven by motor 7, and discharge barrel 8 can freely rotate, and is also just not limited to an angle discharging.A discharging blower fan can be set separately, also the spiral conveying blade axle 15 directly outside spiral conveying blade 6 can fix several fan blades 22, form simple and easy blower fan structure, rotate fan blade 22 with spiral conveying blade axle 15 and also rotate, and then generation blast, carry out blowing material.Cutter 3 have three groups, are distributed on cutting cutter shaft 16, and knife face and cutting cutter shaft 16 radial angle 10-30 degree, can produce certain toggle action at cut-out stalk simultaneously, be stirred by disconnected bar to hammer leaf 5 direction.

Claims (7)

1. a Green-fodder harvesting machine, it is characterized in that: comprise worktable frame (1), cutting mechanism, crushing rubber structure, spiral conveying mechanism, blower structure, described cutting mechanism is the cutter (3) in worktable frame (1) front end, cutter (3) are fixed in cutting cutter shaft (16), cutting cutter shaft (16) bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame (1), wherein one end is power intake, and cutting cutter shaft (16) rotarily drives cutter (3) and turns; Crushing rubber structure after cutter (3), described crushing rubber structure comprises hammer leaf (5), spike-tooth stationary knife (17), hammer leaf (5) is located on hammer slice axis (4) with bifilar helix trend, spike-tooth stationary knife (17) is in hammer leaf (5) below, hammer slice axis (4) bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame (1), wherein one end is power intake, and hammer leaf (5) is by hammer slice axis (4) driven rotary; Spike-tooth stationary knife (17) is fixed on arc and throws on curved surface (19), and described arc throws curved surface (19) and hammer slice axis (4), hammer leaf (5) wrapped in middle and lower part in curved surface; The curved surface internal upper part that arc throws curved surface (19) is spiral conveying mechanism, described spiral conveying mechanism comprises the spiral conveying blade (6) in spiral conveying groove (14), spiral conveying groove (14), spiral conveying blade (6) is located on spiral conveying blade axle (15) with single conchoid trend, spiral conveying blade axle (15) bearings at both ends is connected with worktable frame (1), wherein one end is power intake, spiral conveying groove (14) and arc throw between curved surface (19) gap (25), and spiral conveying groove (14) top has charging uncovered; Spiral conveying mechanism end on blower structure, described blower structure comprises fan blade (22), discharge barrel (8), discharging nozzle (9), fan blade (22) twitch material to discharge barrel (8), expect to go out from discharging nozzle (9), discharge barrel (8) is connected in worktable frame (1) top, and discharge barrel (8) import communicates with spiral conveying groove (14) end.
2. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: fan blade (22) is located on spiral conveying blade axle (15).
3. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described discharge barrel (8) is divided into two sections, epimere and hypomere junction are circular socket, upper pars infrasegmentalis is provided with driven gear (24), driven gear (24) engages with driving gear (23), and driving gear (23) is driven by motor (7).
4. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: cutter (3) have three groups, is distributed in cutting cutter shaft (16), knife face and cutting cutter shaft (16) radial angle 10-30 degree.
5. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: spiral conveying groove (14) is provided with spiral conveying groove lid (2), spiral conveying groove lid (2) is hinged on one side, and another side throws curved surface (19) by spiral conveying groove folding handle (12) and arc and closes.
6. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: cutter (3) overhead have the difference in height of 5-10 centimetre.
7. Green-fodder harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: worktable frame (1) rear is provided with gearbox (11) and trifilar suspension frame (10), gearbox (11) exports the revolving force of extracting for cutting cutter shaft (16), hammer slice axis (4), spiral conveying blade axle (15).
CN201520467098.1U 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 Greenfeed harvester Active CN205105647U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520467098.1U CN205105647U (en) 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 Greenfeed harvester

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904419A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 永昌县恒源农机制造有限公司 Green fodder harvester
CN107182432A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 吴爱国 A kind of multifunction straw cropper
CN112171737A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-01-05 余文庆 Folium artemisiae argyi cutting separation preprocessing device based on mechanical transmission

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904419A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 永昌县恒源农机制造有限公司 Green fodder harvester
CN107182432A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 吴爱国 A kind of multifunction straw cropper
CN112171737A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-01-05 余文庆 Folium artemisiae argyi cutting separation preprocessing device based on mechanical transmission

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CP03 Change of name, title or address
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 737200 No. 44 Industrial Avenue, Yongchang County Industrial Park, Jinchang City, Gansu Province

Patentee after: Gansu Hengyuan Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Address before: 737200 Jinchang County, Gansu Province, East Industrial Zone, Yongchang

Patentee before: Yongchang Hengyuan Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.