CN105009842A - Straw cutting, crushing and rubbing machine - Google Patents

Straw cutting, crushing and rubbing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105009842A
CN105009842A CN201510443285.0A CN201510443285A CN105009842A CN 105009842 A CN105009842 A CN 105009842A CN 201510443285 A CN201510443285 A CN 201510443285A CN 105009842 A CN105009842 A CN 105009842A
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China
Prior art keywords
guillotine cutting
broken
stalk
rotor
kneader
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CN201510443285.0A
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CN105009842B (en
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罗运高
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Green South Of River Grass Cultivation Co Ltd In Guangxi
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Green South Of River Grass Cultivation Co Ltd In Guangxi
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Abstract

The present invention relates to the agricultural machinery equipment field, in particular to a straw cutting, crushing and rubbing machine. The straw cutting, crushing and rubbing machine is characterized by comprising a chassis, a rack, a cutting device capable of cutting the straws into segments and a crushing and rubbing device, wherein the chassis is arranged on the rack, the top of the chassis is equipped with a feeding port, and the lower part is equipped with a discharging port; the cutting device and the crushing and rubbing device are arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the chassis respectively. The straw cutting, crushing and rubbing machine of the present invention has the characteristics of high yield, low energy consumption and worker labor intensity, etc.

Description

The broken kneading machine of a kind of stalk guillotine cutting
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical equipment field, specifically the broken kneader of a kind of stalk guillotine cutting, for the preparation of silage fodder.
Background technology
Along with the development of aquaculture, the demand of silage fodder is also increasing.Silage fodder be by moisture content be the green forage of 65%-75% after chopping, under the condition of airtight anoxia, by the fermentation of anaerobism lactic acid bacteria, suppress the breeding of various miscellaneous bacteria, and a kind of roughage obtained.Silage fodder smell acid perfume, soft and succulency, good palatability, be beneficial to long-term preservation, be domestic animal excellent food originate.
Manyly few on mountain, pasture growing quantity not sufficient, the roughage of forage grass animal is mainly maize straw, but due to each side reasons such as maize straw structure, sizes, people are by stalks cutting, segment, and length is at 2-5cm, such size is applicable to processing and packing, is also applicable to animal feed.On market, existing stalk process equipment has disc type hay cutter, beater disintegrating machine, kneading machine and various segment cutters etc., and its principle is all that stalk is cut into segment, the improvement of various facility all concentrate on how to improve segment efficiency and segment even.Open source literature also reports some process equipments about stalk, such as:
1, Chinese patent: a kind of silage fodder process equipment, application number: 201410846161.2, the applying date: 2014.12.31, applicant: Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Academy af Agricultural Sciences, address: 530007 No. 174, university of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Nanning City East Roads, inventor: Li Zhichun, Guo Jiannong, Zheng Deping, Sun Jian, You Xiangrong, Zhang Yayuan, the Li Jie people, zero Dongning County, Li Li, oldly catch up with woods, Li Mingjuan, Wei Ping, Yang Mei, He Xuemei, summary: this invention provides a kind of silage fodder process equipment, comprises frame, conveyer belt and the topping machanism be connected successively, dispersing device, also comprise rolling device, described rolling device comprises three the pressure roller wheels connected successively, first pressure roller wheels are made up of upper pressure roller and lower compression roller, second and third pressure roller wheels are by a drive roll and three driven rollers compositions, namely by the drive roll of driven by motor, a drive roll left side is laid respectively at, the first driven rollers of below is taken up on the right side two, second driven rollers and the 3rd driven rollers, have upper respectively along the first pressure roller wheels of conveyer belt, lower compression roller gap and second, pass in the drive roll of third round group and driven rollers gap.This invention, by appropriate design rolling device, controls the moisture content of material, avoids material weather hold and moldy metamorphism, need not use drying plant simultaneously, reduce energy consumption, reduce expenses.This invention is suitable for the pulverizing processing of the silage fodders such as banana stem leaves.
2, Chinese patent: a kind of breaker for coarse fodder, the applying date: 88.6.5, application number: 882C6746.X, applicant: Heilongjiang Animal Mechanized Research Inst., address: Fu Laerji Heilongjiang Animal Mechanized Research Inst. of Qiqihaer City of Heilongjiang Province, designer: Wu Renzhu, Li Zhiquan, Gao Guozhang, Geng Wancheng, summary: a kind of breaker for coarse fodder, belong to stockbreeding machine, it is simple that object is to provide a kind of structure, volume is little, consume energy low, efficiency is high, can stalk, herbage is processed into soft condition and directly feeds the breaker for coarse fodder of raising the ruminant domestic animals such as cattle and sheep, the machine is by upper shell, lower house, hammer plate type rotor, stationary knife, throw impeller, helical teeth plate forms. and material is rubbing broken indoor by hammer plate type rotor, helical teeth plate and spinning motion under throwing airflow function that impeller produces, and constantly change volume and ordered state, thus fully hit, shear, kneading action, rapid pulverizing, and make to be rubbed broken material helmet doctor and enter air compartment in time and to dish out body.
3, Chinese patent: the dual-purpose machine of beater piece type fodder rubbing-crushing, the applying date: 2002.04.18, application number: 02232442.9, patentee: train of thought benevolence, address: 072754 Room, family dependents' building No. 11 building 302, No. 72, Zhuozhou City Fanyang road, Hebei province, designer: train of thought benevolence, summary: a kind of by climing to the fresh stalk of crops, seedling with herbage etc. green plants rub into the green fodder of the broken shape of loose bar, if changed the outfit by helical tooth liner plate more easily after sieve plate, just stalk, seedling can be ground into the small-sized feed-processing equipment of the dual-use of powdery by the dry material such as climing and corn.It comprises thorax 3 under charging aperture 1, hammer leaf operating room 2, body, fan work room 4, discharge gate 5.The advantage structure of this utility model is simple, makes easily, dual-use investment-saving.
There is maximum problem in existing stalk process equipment: the equipment that 1, can adopt mechanized feeding, and often production efficiency is low, and energy consumption is higher; 2, adopt the equipment of Manual material feeding, relative lower of energy consumption, but due to workman worked after a period of time can physically-draining, as plant equipment, normal operating conditions cannot be kept for a long time, cannot large-scale production be ensured.In addition, traditional kneading machine is fed intake and to be realized by chain mat machine.Also mechanized feeding can be adopted in theory, but in actual production process, because stalk cannot accomplish arrangement in good order in harvesting collection process, machinery is dosed into after on chain mat machine, as long as there is phenomenon at random in stalk, stalk sidewards will block feeding mouth, and result in blockage material lip reflex, cannot normally produce.So by manually feeding intake, stalk can only be well placed by hand by workman, send feeding mouth in this type of kneading machine actual production.Labor strength is high, yields poorly.
So, develop a kind of crushed stalk kneading machine, efficient, low energy consumption can be reached, just seem very urgent.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of labor strength low, output is high, can realize stalk, the herbage guillotine cutting kneading machine of automated production for the preparation of silage fodder.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Stalk guillotine cutting kneading machine of the present invention, comprise casing, frame, guillotine cutting device stalk can cut into chunks and broken kneader, described casing is arranged in frame, cabinet top is provided with charging aperture, casing bottom is provided with discharging opening, and described guillotine cutting device and broken kneader are arranged on the upper and lower in casing respectively; Stalk bundled for the slivering dropped into from charging aperture is cut into chunks and is carried under casing simultaneously by guillotine cutting device, and the stalk of cutting into chunks fragmentation is rubbed into thread, the granular material prepared required for silage fodder by broken kneader again, and material is finally discharged from discharging opening.
Described guillotine cutting device, comprise guillotine cutting driving shaft, reductor, guillotine cutting drive motors and guillotine cutting driven shaft, described guillotine cutting driving shaft and guillotine cutting driven shaft are all arranged on the top in casing by guillotine cutting bearing housing and guillotine cutting axle bearing, guillotine cutting driving shaft and guillotine cutting driven shaft are all provided with multiple guillotine cutting cutter mount pad, guillotine cutting cutter mount pad is provided with guillotine cutting cutter, guillotine cutting driving shaft is connected with reductor by shaft coupling, the guillotine cutting axle drive pulley that reductor is installed connects the motor pulley on guillotine cutting drive motors by belt, the power of guillotine cutting driving shaft passes to guillotine cutting driven shaft by guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear.
Described reductor is ZQ65 decelerator.
Described shaft coupling is sliding cross coupling.
Described guillotine cutting cutter is arc-shaped cutting knife.
Described broken rubbing device, comprise rotor, flange, crushing cutter installation shaft and broken drive motors, described rotor is arranged on the bottom in casing by rotor rigid bearing and rotor fixed bearing block, rotor is provided with the flange of multiple circle, flange is provided with many crushing cutter installation shaft, crushing cutter installation shaft is provided with many crushing cutter, crushing cutter installation shaft is also provided with by isolated for crushing cutter spacer, so that the position of fixing crushing cutter, make it the installation site not change when high-speed rotation, rotor is driven by broken drive motors.
Arrange in a triangle in adjacent crushing cutter installation shaft after described crushing cutter installs.
Described rotor is two rotating shafts becoming yi word pattern to be arranged on the bottom in casing, and every root rotating shaft is all provided with rotor drive pulley, and rotor drive pulley connects broken drive motors by belt.
Advantage of the present invention:
The agent structure of the guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 1, on the guillotine cutting axle that adopts of the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting of the present invention is Flange-shaped Parts, and flange is uniform-distribution with breach, and guillotine cutting cutter is just arranged between the breach of flange.Gap position distribution in the axial direction on guillotine cutting cutter mount pad on same guillotine cutting axle is consistent.During assembling, the breach of the guillotine cutting cutter mount pad on guillotine cutting driving shaft just do not had position jaggy on guillotine cutting driven shaft, the namely installation site of guillotine cutting cutter; Due to the effect of guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear, no matter how two guillotine cutting axles rotate, observe from the end face of guillotine cutting axle, in the space that the guillotine cutting cutter movement locus of two guillotine cutting axles intersects, breach on guillotine cutting cutter mount pad on any guillotine cutting axle, at any time, all corresponding with on another root guillotine cutting axle guillotine cutting cutter does space crossed motion; When straw is transferred device after charging aperture feeding cutting machine, due to the rotation of guillotine cutting axle, stalk is forced to grab in the breach of guillotine cutting cutter mount pad, when gap position is in the guillotine cutting cutter movement locus intersecting area of two axles, material in breach is just cut into chunks by the guillotine cutting cutter hand hay cutter on another root axle, and two guillotine cutting axles define an angle of nip, stalk is extruded in course of conveying, define pressure feeding, be more conducive to the transmission of material, can not result in blockage, output is high, energy consumption is low, reduces the labour intensity of workman.
2, the present invention can adopt automatic feeding to be sent into from charging aperture by stalk, realizes automated production, solves the high energy consumption problem of traditional mechanized feeding kneading machine.
What 3, broken rubbing device of the present invention adopted is sharp crushing cutter is not traditional blunt tup; When running up, crushing cutter just forms the cutter net of a high speed after throwing away on rotor, the active force that stalk bottom in casing is subject to is main is cutting force instead of traditional impact grinding active force, obtain desired by just becoming after stalk is cut not only broken but also keep the particle of original character, maintains the original color and luster of stalk and nutrition most possibly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 is to schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the installation relation schematic diagram of guillotine cutting cutter at guillotine cutting axle;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of guillotine cutting cutter mount pad;
Title sequence number in figure is:
Charging aperture 1, discharging opening 2, casing 3, frame 4, reductor 5, guillotine cutting axle drive pulley 6, guillotine cutting drive motors 7, motor pulley 8, rotor rigid bearing 9, rotor fixed bearing block 10, rotor 11, flange 12, spacer 13, crushing cutter 14, crushing cutter installation shaft 15, guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16, guillotine cutting cutter 17, guillotine cutting driving shaft 18, guillotine cutting bearing housing 19, guillotine cutting axle bearing 20, guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear 21, shaft coupling 22, broken drive motors 23, rotor drive pulley 24, guillotine cutting driven shaft 25.
Embodiment
Introduce the present invention in order to more detailed, below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
As shown in the figure, the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting of the present invention, comprise casing 3, frame 4, guillotine cutting device stalk can cut into chunks and broken kneader, described casing 3 is arranged in frame 4, casing 3 top is provided with charging aperture 1, casing 3 bottom is provided with discharging opening 2, and described guillotine cutting device and broken kneader are arranged on the upper and lower in casing 3 respectively.
Described guillotine cutting device, comprise guillotine cutting driving shaft 18, reductor 5, guillotine cutting drive motors 7 and guillotine cutting driven shaft 25, described guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 and guillotine cutting driven shaft 25 are all arranged on the top in casing 3 by guillotine cutting bearing housing 19 and guillotine cutting axle bearing 20, guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 and guillotine cutting driven shaft 25 are all provided with guillotine cutting cutter 17 by guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16, guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 is connected with reductor 5 by shaft coupling 22, the guillotine cutting axle drive pulley 6 that reductor 5 is installed connects the motor pulley 8 on guillotine cutting drive motors 7 by belt, the power of guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 passes to guillotine cutting driven shaft 25 by guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear 21.
Described reductor 5 is ZQ65 decelerator.
Described shaft coupling 22 is sliding cross coupling.
Described guillotine cutting cutter 17 is arc-shaped cutting knife.
Described broken kneader, comprise rotor 11, flange 12, crushing cutter installation shaft 15 and broken drive motors 23, described rotor 11 is arranged on the bottom in casing 3 by rotor rigid bearing 9 and rotor fixed bearing block 10, rotor 11 is provided with the flange 12 of multiple circle, flange 12 is provided with many crushing cutter installation shaft 15, crushing cutter installation shaft 15 is provided with many crushing cutter 14, crushing cutter installation shaft 15 is also provided with by isolated for crushing cutter 14 spacer 13, rotor 11 is driven by broken drive motors 23.
Arrange in a triangle in adjacent crushing cutter installation shaft 15 after described crushing cutter 14 installs.
Described rotor 11 is two rotating shafts becoming yi word pattern to be arranged on the bottom in casing 3, and every root rotating shaft is all provided with rotor drive pulley 24, and rotor drive pulley 24 connects broken drive motors 23 by belt.
Operation principle of the present invention is: when carrying out corn straw smashing, first broken drive motors 23 is started, broken drive motors 23 rotor driven 11 rotates, after allowing rotor 11 reach the rotating speed of design, open guillotine cutting drive motors 7 again, guillotine cutting drive motors 7 drives guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 to rotate, and guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 rotates through guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear 21 that power is passed to guillotine cutting driven shaft 25, guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 and guillotine cutting driven shaft 25 rotate simultaneously and at the uniform velocity after, the bundled maize straw of slivering of returning from the harvesting of plantation place is dropped into from charging aperture 1; Corn stalk is cut into chunks and simultaneously toward casing 3 times conveying maize straws by the guillotine cutting cutter 17 on guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 and guillotine cutting driven shaft 25; Maize straw fragmentation is crumpled into thread, the granular material prepared required for silage fodder by the crushing cutter 14 in crushing cutter installation shaft 15, and material is finally discharged from discharging opening 2.
The agent structure of the guillotine cutting cutter mount pad on guillotine cutting axle of the present invention is Flange-shaped Parts, and flange is uniform-distribution with breach, and guillotine cutting cutter is just arranged between the breach of flange.Gap position distribution in the axial direction on guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16 on same guillotine cutting axle is consistent.During assembling, the breach of the guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16 on guillotine cutting driving shaft 18 just do not had position jaggy to the guillotine cutting axle mount pad 16 on guillotine cutting driven shaft 25, the namely installation site of guillotine cutting cutter 17; Due to the effect of guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear 21, no matter how two guillotine cutting axles rotate, observe from the end face of guillotine cutting axle, in the space that the guillotine cutting cutter movement locus of two guillotine cutting axles intersects, the breach of the guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16 on any guillotine cutting axle, at any time, all space crossed motion is done with the guillotine cutting cutter 17 on another root guillotine cutting axle.When straw is transferred after device sends into cutting machine from charging aperture 1, due to the rotation of guillotine cutting axle, stalk is forced to grab in the breach on guillotine cutting cutter mount pad 16, when gap position is in the guillotine cutting cutter movement locus intersecting area of two axles, material in breach is just cut into chunks by the guillotine cutting cutter hand hay cutter on another root axle, and the length after material guillotine cutting is determined by axial distance when designing between two guillotine cutting cutter mount pads 16.Because two guillotine cutting axles constantly rotate, stalk is just cut by section continuously, thus formation is worked continuously.In addition, two guillotine cutting axles define an angle of nip, and stalk is extruded in course of conveying, defines pressure feeding, is more conducive to the transmission of material.
The guillotine cutting that stalk guillotine cutting kneading machine of the present invention is applicable to herbage is equally rubbed; and above-mentioned explanation is not limitation of the present invention; the present invention is also not limited to above-mentioned example; those skilled in the art; in essential scope of the present invention; the change made, remodeling, interpolation or replacement, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting, it is characterized in that: comprise casing (3), frame (4), guillotine cutting device stalk can cut into chunks and broken kneader, described casing (3) is arranged in frame (4), casing (3) top is provided with charging aperture (1), casing (3) bottom is provided with discharging opening (2), and described guillotine cutting device and broken kneader are arranged on the upper and lower in casing (3) respectively.
2. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guillotine cutting device, comprise guillotine cutting driving shaft (18), reductor (5), guillotine cutting drive motors (7) and guillotine cutting driven shaft (25), described guillotine cutting driving shaft (18) and guillotine cutting driven shaft (25) all pass through guillotine cutting bearing housing (19) and guillotine cutting axle bearing (20) and are arranged on top in casing (3), guillotine cutting driving shaft (18) and guillotine cutting driven shaft (25) all pass through guillotine cutting cutter mount pad (16) guillotine cutting cutter (17) is installed, guillotine cutting driving shaft (18) is connected with reductor (5) by shaft coupling (22), the upper guillotine cutting axle drive pulley (6) installed of reductor (5) connects the motor pulley (8) in guillotine cutting drive motors (7) by belt, the power of guillotine cutting driving shaft (18) passes to guillotine cutting driven shaft (25) by guillotine cutting axle synchromesh gear (21).
3. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described reductor (5) is ZQ65 decelerator.
4. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described shaft coupling (22) is sliding cross coupling.
5. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described guillotine cutting cutter (17) is arc-shaped cutting knife.
6. stalk guillotine cutting kneading machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described broken kneader, comprise rotor (11), flange (12), crushing cutter installation shaft (15) and broken drive motors (23), described rotor (11) is arranged on the bottom in casing (3) by rotor rigid bearing (9) and rotor fixed bearing block (10), rotor (11) is provided with the flange (12) of multiple circle, flange (12) is provided with many crushing cutter installation shaft (15), crushing cutter installation shaft (15) is provided with many crushing cutter (14), crushing cutter installation shaft (15) is also provided with by crushing cutter (14) isolated spacer (13), rotor (11) is driven by broken drive motors (23).
7. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described crushing cutter (14) arranges in a triangle in adjacent crushing cutter installation shaft (15).
8. the broken kneader of stalk guillotine cutting according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described rotor (11) is two rotating shafts becoming yi word pattern to be arranged on the bottom in casing (3), every root rotating shaft is all provided with rotor drive pulley (24), and rotor drive pulley (24) connects broken drive motors (23) by belt.
CN201510443285.0A 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 A kind of straw guillotine cutting crushes kneading machine Active CN105009842B (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248057A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-20 内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司 Jujun grass seedling preparing machine
CN105964381A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-09-28 蔡靖 Straw crushing and kneading device
CN106040397A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 蓝良生 Green fodder pulverizer
CN106508313A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-03-22 广西玉柴重工有限公司 Forage grass cutting device
CN107251717A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-10-17 渭南市利农牧草机械有限责任公司 A kind of feed disintegrating machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248057A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-20 内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司 Jujun grass seedling preparing machine
CN105248057B (en) * 2015-11-19 2018-01-30 内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司 Jujun grasses seedling draft machine
CN106040397A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 蓝良生 Green fodder pulverizer
CN105964381A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-09-28 蔡靖 Straw crushing and kneading device
CN106508313A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-03-22 广西玉柴重工有限公司 Forage grass cutting device
CN106508313B (en) * 2016-10-10 2019-03-19 广西玉柴重工有限公司 A kind of herbage shredding mechanism
CN107251717A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-10-17 渭南市利农牧草机械有限责任公司 A kind of feed disintegrating machine

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