CN109874516A - Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine - Google Patents

Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109874516A
CN109874516A CN201910261371.8A CN201910261371A CN109874516A CN 109874516 A CN109874516 A CN 109874516A CN 201910261371 A CN201910261371 A CN 201910261371A CN 109874516 A CN109874516 A CN 109874516A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
rack
field pickup
straw field
sieve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910261371.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于海
刘国海
陈丽艳
胡国升
伯艳广
王德海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chifeng Tongtai Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chifeng Tongtai Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chifeng Tongtai Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Chifeng Tongtai Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910261371.8A priority Critical patent/CN109874516A/en
Publication of CN109874516A publication Critical patent/CN109874516A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machines, it includes that rack, transmission mechanism, crushing throw mechanism, stalk conveying mechanism, straw field pickup mechanism and clod-riddler structure, crushing is respectively set in the two sides of rack and throws mechanism, it includes shell that the crushing, which throws mechanism, screen drum is fixedly mounted in enclosure interior, and ledger-plate is fixedly mounted in inboard wall of riddle drum;It is equipped with rotor inside housings, rotor includes disk, the blade of disk interior annular distribution and the fin of annular spread;It crushes to throw at two and is equipped with stalk conveying mechanism between mechanism, be equipped with straw field pickup mechanism in the front of rack, be equipped with clod-riddler structure at the rear portion of rack.It is simple and compact for structure, low in cost, may be implemented to pick up, crush and sieve native integration of operation, work efficiency is high.

Description

Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine.
Background technique
Many agricultural harvesting machineries of the prior art all only harvest seed, and stalk, which is still stayed in the ground or rubbed, is layered on ground In.It is all often then to use the place burned using crushing straw in farmland is manually concentrated in order to not influence lower stubble tillage operation Reason mode is handled, and this method is unfavorable for the farm crop straw organism matter utilization of resources, the smog for burning generation causes environment Pollution.
It is typically big that there is the prior art the multi-functional straw in one such as harvesting and crushing to crush harvest machinery Type united reaper, structure is complicated, and the power of demand is big, and mechanical volume is big, is not suitable for small plot operation, and mechanical price is high Expensive, operating cost is high, is unsuitable for the needs of current rural area management on small scale.China's patent 201220264872.5 discloses one kind Straw picks up disintegrating screening machine, it is a small-sized agricultural machinery, including cutting pickup, feeding screw and guillotine cutting Catapult.The disadvantage is that the stalk crushing of harvest is insufficient, a large amount of dust is also contained in the crushing straw of harvest, to the later period Using or further processing bring many troubles.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machines, it is simple and compact for structure, low in cost, powder The native effect of broken sieve is good, may be implemented to pick up, crush and sieve native integration of operation, work efficiency is high.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine, it includes rack and transmission mechanism, It is characterized by: throwing mechanism in the crushing that a shared main shaft is respectively set in the two sides of rack, the crushing throws mechanism Including the shell being made of barrel shell, inner side end and outside end cap, the top of barrel shell is equipped with discharge barrel, inside inside housings Screen drum is fixedly mounted on end face, the inner side end center inside screen drum is equipped with spout, and several stationary knifes are fixedly mounted in inboard wall of riddle drum Piece;It is equipped with rotor inside housings, rotor includes the disk for being fixedly mounted on main shaft outer end, is arranged on disk and extend into screen drum Several cutting blades of portion's annular spread and several fins for extending into the distribution of screen drum outer annular;Two crush throw mechanism it Between rack be equipped with stalk conveying mechanism, the stalk conveying mechanism includes two chute feeders being set side by side of left and right, institute The main shaft stated turns to opposite and feeding to two sides through being respectively set inside two chute feeders on the main shaft in two chute feeders The flight of material mouth feeding;It is equipped with straw field pickup mechanism in the front of rack, the straw field pickup mechanism includes being mounted on machine It is to pick up roller bearing below the arc-shaped cover of frame front, arc-shaped cover, picks up hinged several cuttings pickup tulwars on roller bearing;In rack Rear portion is equipped with clod-riddler structure, and the clod-riddler structure includes sieving the sieve nest constituted, sieve by the cone cylinder of the drum sieve on top and lower part The top of body be equipped be in cone cylinder sieve tangential angle two charging nozzles, two crushing throw the discharge barrel of mechanism respectively with two A charging nozzle connection, the lower part of sieve nest are equipped with discharge port;The top of sieve nest is equipped with pedestal, and pedestal lower part is installed one and extend into Disk, the set of the downside of disk is fixedly mounted in the upper end of sleeve or shaft in rotatable sleeve or shaft inside sieve nest Spiral plectrum is fixedly mounted in sleeve or shaft lower part in the multiple fins of annular spread on cylinder or shaft;It is arranged around sieve nest There are the shell at collection soil interval, the lower part of shell is equipped with soil outlet.
Preferably, the transmission mechanism includes three shaft gear commutators and two shaft gear commutators, the commutation of three shaft gears Device includes preceding projecting shaft, rear projecting shaft and side projecting shaft, and two shaft gear commutators include preceding projecting shaft and side projecting shaft, three axis teeth The power input shaft being connected with power vehicle rear output shaft that the preceding projecting shaft of wheel commutator is, the side of three shaft gear commutators Projecting shaft picks up roller bearing rotation by belt gear or chain transminssion mechanism driving;The rear stretching of three shaft gear commutators Axis is connected by Hooks coupling universal coupling with the preceding projecting shaft of two shaft gear commutators, and the side projecting shaft of two shaft gear commutators passes through Belt gear or the rotation of chain transminssion mechanism driving spindle.
Preferably, the three shaft gear commutators are mounted on the front upper part of rack, the two shaft gear commutators peace It is mounted at rack middle and upper part.
Preferably, round sieve is equipped on the top of drum sieve.
Preferably, hitch frame is equipped in the front of rack.
Preferably, traveling wheel there are two being set in the middle and back of rack.
Preferably, at the rear portion of rack, this has material receiving.
The present invention compared to the prior art the advantage is that:
(1) the clod-riddler structure that the present invention is arranged includes sieve nest and shell, and annular spread is multiple on sieving intracorporal sleeve or shaft Fin and spiral plectrum feed the crushing straw that nozzle is blown into from two and blow sleeve or shaft rotation, and the spiral plectrum of rotation is dialled Dynamic crushing straw is rotated along sieve nest inner wall, in addition the effect of wind-force, makes the dust impurity in crushing straw enter sieve nest and shell Between interlayer in, then from soil outlet be discharged;It is discharged after the crushing straw screening of sieve nest internal rotating from discharge port, sieve soil is not required to Special configuration power is wanted, it is good to sieve native effect.
(2) it includes shell that of the invention two crushing, which throw mechanism, and screen drum is fixed in shell, and inboard wall of riddle drum fixation is several Ledger-plate;In shell by main shaft drives rotation disk on setting extend into screen drum inner annular distribution several cutting blades and It extend into several fins of screen drum outer annular distribution;Pass through the dissection of ledger-plate and cutting blade, Neng Goufei in screen drum Often efficiently straw is shredded, the sieve pore that the stalk of chopping passes through under the influence of centrifugal force around screen drum enters screen drum Outside, the crushing straw entered on the outside of screen drum are dished out under the action of fin from discharge barrel.Its cutting and grinding are high-efficient, broken straw Stalk to throw wind-force big, provide strong wind turbine for clod-riddler structure.
(3) of the invention two crushing throw mechanism and stalk conveying mechanism shares a main shaft, it makes transmission mechanism It is simpler, to simplify overall structure of the invention, advantageously reduce manufacturing cost.
(4) its overall structure is simple, and body is compact, and by tractor-drawn operation, transmission mechanism is by the dynamic of tractor rear Power output shaft is power source, by the close fit between universal drive shaft, belt pulley, sprocket wheel, it can be achieved that the operating of complete machine is driven Industry is acted, is not required in addition configure power.Production cost is low, is suitble to the needs in haggard operation and rural area management on small scale, Easy to operate, flexible operation is convenient.It can realize pickup, conveying, crushing and sieve native integration of operation, and work efficiency is high.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is straw field pickup crushing and screening down side view stereo structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is visual angle schematic perspective view on rear side of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that stalk conveying mechanism and crushing of the invention throw mechanism schematic perspective view;
Fig. 4 is that crushing of the invention throws mechanism decomposing state schematic perspective view;
Fig. 5 is clod-riddler structure local cutting schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 6 is rack and straw field pickup mechanism schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 7 is transmission mechanism schematic perspective view of the invention.
In figure: 1- rack, 2- transmission mechanism, 3-, which is crushed, throws mechanism, 4- stalk conveying mechanism, 5- straw field pickup mechanism, 6- clod-riddler structure, 7- main shaft, 301- barrel shell, the end face 302-, 303- end cap, 304- discharge barrel, 305- screen drum, 306- spout, 307- ledger-plate, 308- disk, 309- cutting blade, 310- fin, 401- chute feeder, 402- flight, 501- arc-shaped cover, 502- Roller bearing is picked up, tulwar, 601- drum sieve, 602- cone cylinder sieve, 603- charging nozzle, 604- discharge port, 605- are picked up in 503- cutting Pedestal, 606- sleeve, 607- disk, 608- fin, 609- spiral plectrum, 610- shell, 611- soil outlet, 612- circular screen Piece, tri- shaft gear commutator of 201-, projecting shaft before 202-, projecting shaft after 203-, the side 204- projecting shaft, the commutation of bis- shaft gear of 205- Device, projecting shaft before 206-, the side 207- projecting shaft, 208- Hooks coupling universal coupling, 101 hitch frames, 102 traveling wheels, 103 material receivings.
Specific embodiment
The following further describes the present invention with reference to the drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 7, a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine, it includes rack 1 and transmission mechanism 2, in rack 1 Front be equipped with hitch frame 101, set in the middle and back of rack 1 there are two traveling wheel 102, at the rear portion of rack 1, this has splicing flat Platform 103;Mechanism 3 is thrown in the crushing that a shared main shaft 7 is respectively set in the two sides of rack 1, the crushing throws the packet of mechanism 3 The shell being made of barrel shell 301, inner side end 302 and outside end cap 303 is included, the top of barrel shell 301 is equipped with discharge barrel 304, Screen drum 305 is fixedly mounted on the inner side end 302 of enclosure interior, 302 center of inner side end inside screen drum 305 is equipped with spout 306, several ledger-plates 307 are fixedly mounted in 305 inner wall of screen drum;It is equipped with rotor inside housings, rotor includes being fixedly mounted on master The disk 308 of 7 outer end of axis, the installation of 308 medial surface of disk extend into 309 He of several cutting blades of 305 inner annular of screen drum distribution It extend into several fins 310 of 305 outer annular of screen drum distribution;It is crushed at two and is equipped with straw in the rack 1 thrown between mechanism 3 Stalk conveying mechanism 4, the stalk conveying mechanism 4 include two chute feeders 401 that left and right is set side by side, and the main shaft 7 passes through It is through inside two chute feeders 401, it is opposite and to the feeding of two sides that steering is respectively set on the main shaft 7 in two chute feeders 401 The flight 402 of 306 feedings of mouth;It is equipped with straw field pickup mechanism 5 in the front of rack 1, the straw field pickup mechanism 5 includes peace It is to pick up roller bearing 502 below the arc-shaped cover 501, arc-shaped cover 501 of frame front, picks up hingedly several on roller bearing 502 cut It cuts and picks up tulwar 503;It is equipped with clod-riddler structure 6 at the rear portion of rack 1, the clod-riddler structure 6 includes the drum sieve 601 by top The sieve nest constituted with the cone cylinder sieve 602 of lower part, the top of sieve nest are equipped with two charging nozzles with cone cylinder sieve 601 in tangential angle 603, the discharge barrel 304 that two crushing throw mechanism 3 is connected to two charging nozzles 603 respectively, and the lower part of sieve nest is equipped with discharging Mouth 604;The top of sieve nest is equipped with pedestal 605, and a rotatable sleeve extending into inside sieve nest is installed in 605 lower part of pedestal 606, disk 607 is fixedly mounted in the upper end of sleeve 606, annular spread is multiple on the sleeve 606 of the downside position of disk 607 Spiral plectrum 609 is fixedly mounted in 606 lower part of sleeve in fin 608;There are the shells at collection soil interval for setting around sieve nest 610, the lower part of shell 610 is equipped with soil outlet 611, and the top of drum sieve 601 is equipped with round sieve 612;The transmission mechanism 2 Including three shaft gear commutators 201 being arranged in 1 front upper part of rack and in two shaft gear commutators of 1 middle and upper part of rack setting 205, three shaft gear commutators 201 include preceding projecting shaft 202, rear projecting shaft 203 and side projecting shaft 204, two shaft gear commutators 205 include preceding projecting shaft 206 and side projecting shaft 207, the preceding projecting shaft 202 of three shaft gear commutators 201 is and power vehicle The side projecting shaft 204 of the power input shaft that rear output shaft is connected, three shaft gear commutators 201 is driven by belt gear Roller bearing 502 is picked up to rotate;The rear projecting shaft 203 of three shaft gear commutators 201 is commutated by Hooks coupling universal coupling 208 and two shaft gears The preceding projecting shaft 206 of device 205 is connected, and the side projecting shaft 207 of two shaft gear commutators 205 is driven by chain transminssion mechanism to be led Axis 7 rotates.
Finally it should be noted that the above specific embodiment is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than to this The limitation of invention protection scope, those skilled in the art simply modify or wait to what technical solution of the present invention carried out With replacement, all without departing from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine, it includes rack and transmission mechanism, it is characterised in that: is distinguished in the two sides of rack The crushing that a shared main shaft is arranged throws mechanism, and it includes by barrel shell, inner side end and outboard end that the crushing, which throws mechanism, The shell constituted is covered, the top of barrel shell is equipped with discharge barrel, screen drum is fixedly mounted on inner side end inside housings, inside screen drum Inner side end center be equipped with spout, several ledger-plates are fixedly mounted in inboard wall of riddle drum;It is equipped with rotor, rotor packet inside housings The disk for being fixedly mounted on main shaft outer end is included, setting extend into several cutting blades of screen drum inner annular distribution and protrudes on disk Several fins being distributed to screen drum outer annular;It is crushed at two and is equipped with stalk conveying mechanism in the rack thrown between mechanism, The stalk conveying mechanism includes two chute feeders being set side by side of left and right, and the main shaft is through in two chute feeders The flight for turning to opposite and the spout feeding to two sides is respectively set on the main shaft in two chute feeders in portion;In rack Front is equipped with straw field pickup mechanism, and the straw field pickup mechanism includes under the arc-shaped cover for being mounted on frame front, arc-shaped cover Face is to pick up roller bearing, picks up hinged several cuttings on roller bearing and picks up tulwar;Clod-riddler structure, the sieve are equipped at the rear portion of rack Native mechanism includes sieving the sieve nest constituted by the cone cylinder of the drum sieve on top and lower part, and it is in tangent line that the top of sieve nest, which is equipped with cone cylinder sieve, Two charging nozzles of angle, the discharge barrel that two crushing throw mechanism are connected to two charging nozzles respectively, the lower part of sieve nest Equipped with discharge port;The top of sieve nest be equipped with pedestal, pedestal lower part install a rotatable sleeve extending into inside sieve nest or Disk, the multiple wings of annular spread on the sleeve or shaft of the downside of disk are fixedly mounted in the upper end of sleeve or shaft in shaft Spiral plectrum is fixedly mounted in sleeve or shaft lower part in piece;It is arranged around sieve nest there are the shell at collection soil interval, shell Lower part is equipped with soil outlet.
2. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the transmission mechanism includes three axis Gear tumbler and two shaft gear commutators, three shaft gear commutators include preceding projecting shaft, rear projecting shaft and side projecting shaft, two axis Gear tumbler includes preceding projecting shaft and side projecting shaft, the preceding projecting shaft of three shaft gear commutators be with exported after power vehicle The side projecting shaft of the power input shaft that axis is connected, three shaft gear commutators passes through belt gear or chain transminssion mechanism Roller bearing rotation is picked up in driving;The rear projecting shaft of three shaft gear commutators passes through the extension of Hooks coupling universal coupling and two shaft gear commutators Shaft is connected, and the side projecting shaft of two shaft gear commutators is revolved by belt gear or chain transminssion mechanism driving spindle Turn.
3. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the three shaft gear commutators peace Mounted in the front upper part of rack, the two shaft gear commutators are mounted in rack middle and upper part.
4. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: be equipped with circle on the top of drum sieve Sieve.
5. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be equipped with traction in the front of rack Frame.
6. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: there are two being set in the middle and back of rack Traveling wheel.
7. straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: at the rear portion of rack, this has splicing flat Platform.
CN201910261371.8A 2019-04-02 2019-04-02 Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine Pending CN109874516A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910261371.8A CN109874516A (en) 2019-04-02 2019-04-02 Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910261371.8A CN109874516A (en) 2019-04-02 2019-04-02 Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109874516A true CN109874516A (en) 2019-06-14

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ID=66935815

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910261371.8A Pending CN109874516A (en) 2019-04-02 2019-04-02 Straw field pickup disintegrating screening machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109874516A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113973595A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 南京工业职业技术大学 Biomass straw grading and crushing equipment
CN113973596A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 南京工业职业技术大学 Grinding device is smashed in grades to straw

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113973595A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 南京工业职业技术大学 Biomass straw grading and crushing equipment
CN113973596A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 南京工业职业技术大学 Grinding device is smashed in grades to straw

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