CN105421818B - Built-in steel Standard house - Google PatentsBuilt-in steel Standard house Download PDF
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- CN105421818B CN105421818B CN201510894435.XA CN201510894435A CN105421818B CN 105421818 B CN105421818 B CN 105421818B CN 201510894435 A CN201510894435 A CN 201510894435A CN 105421818 B CN105421818 B CN 105421818B
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- shingle nail
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A kind of built-in steel Standard house, it includes steel frame, shingle nail, room floor support plate, toilet floor support plate, room partition panel and stair, it is characterized in that described steel frame is made up of column and crossbeam, described column uses the filling concrete of rectangular conduit, and described crossbeam uses I-steel；Described shingle nail is inlaid between two columns, and shingle nail is in sandwich structure：The two ends of described room floor support plate are positioned on interior crossbeam, and its surface is provided with steel bar girder；The two ends of described toilet floor support plate are also positioned on corresponding interior crossbeam, and it is made up of metal base plate and the steel bar girder being welded on metal base plate；Described room partition panel using ALC fire-proof plates and by hooking part be positioned above and below between two internal crossbeams, the outer surface of described column and all crossbeams are to be enclosed with fire-proof plate；Described stair use prefabrication, field erected structure.Construction speed of the present invention is fast, and in-site installation wet trade amount is small, environmental protection and energy saving.
The present invention relates to a kind of Building technology, especially a kind of steel construction assembled architecture is specifically a kind of embedded Formula steel construction assembles house.
At present, the steel house technology of in the market mainly has three kinds：One kind is Low-rise Lightweight Steel keel residence technology；Second It is steel support structure+blockwork on the middle and senior level to plant；The third is steel support structure on the middle and senior level+Light trabses technology； The first technology is relatively ripe, but because main structure using light gauge cold-formed steel shape bearing capacity is limited unsuitable does many Layer, skyscraper, it is difficult to large-scale promotion.Work is built by laying bricks or stones due to there are a large amount of scenes second, the theory with architectural industrialization Greatly differ from each other, do not meet the developing direction in future.The third technology is also ripe far away still in development, also technical in the presence of some The problem of, it is due to inner-outer wall the problem of its maximum using using grouting Light trabses, being that main structure junction is easy The crack as caused by displacement structure is produced, this phenomenon is especially susceptible to occur in some high residential buildings, is being completed one A little experimental counties, this problem is than more prominent.
In summary, it is development green, the trend of the times of energy-conserving and environment-protective house to design a kind of steel construction assembled-type house.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that the number of plies existed for existing assembled-type house is few, need that site operation amount is big, assembling effect The problem of rate is low, design one kind can meet various floor building needs, the high built-in steel structure of good energy-conserving effect, installation effectiveness Assemble house.
The technical scheme is that：
A kind of built-in steel Standard house, it include steel frame, shingle nail, room floor support plate, toilet floor support plate, Room partition panel and stair, it is characterized in that described steel frame is made up of column and crossbeam, described column uses rectangular conduit Filling concrete, described crossbeam uses I-steel；Described shingle nail is inlaid between two columns, and shingle nail is in sandwich Structure, its bottom is provided with groove, and top is provided with step body, and the groove of shingle nail bottom is inserted on exterior wall sill, top Step body be fixed on the folded plate fixture being connected with exterior wall upper cross beam welding：The two ends of described room floor support plate are positioned at On interior crossbeam, its surface is provided with steel bar girder, and concrete is carried out by keel of steel bar girder after floor support plate installation in room terminates Layer casting is with the floor of thickness needed for obtaining；The two ends of described toilet floor support plate are also positioned on corresponding interior crossbeam, it It is made up of metal base plate and the steel bar girder that is welded on metal base plate, when completing pipeline cloth on metal base plate and postpone to utilize metal Bottom plate carries out concrete casting as template, and acquisition water resistance is good, steel pipe buried in advance toilet floor support plate；Described room Partition panel using ALC fire-proof plates and by hooking part be positioned above and below between two internal crossbeams, the outer surface of described column It is to be enclosed with fire-proof plate with all crossbeams；Described stair use prefabrication, field erected structure.
The width and length of built-in steel Standard house are that modulus is set with 3.
The need for diagonal brace is added on described steel frame to meet more than 12 layers building intensity.
Described shingle nail includes plate body, and the top of described plate body is provided with the step for being mounted on upper strata girder steel outer surface Body, its following groove provided with insertion lower floor girder steel, being provided with the step body is used to consolidate plate body with upper strata crossbeam Fixed fixing hole；Described plate body is sandwich structure, and its intermediate layer is EPS adiabator layers, and EPS adiabator layers both sides are equal For reinforcing bar precast slab.
Described room floor support plate includes concrete prefabricated half bottom plate, and described concrete prefabricated half bottom plate, which is provided with, to be higher by Its surface it is arranging along its length, formed for cast-in-place to form the steel bar girder of muscles and bones, it is pre- in concrete The both sides for making half bottom plate are connected to the connection reinforcing bar in bending-like for being connected with adjacent floor deck.
Described toilet floor support plate includes metal base plate, and described metal base plate, which is provided with, is higher by being grown along it for its surface Degree direction arrangement, for cast-in-place formed to form several steel bar girders of muscles and bones.
Described column alien invasion is provided with fire proof construction, and described fire proof construction is main to be prevented fires by fireproof coating layer and NALC Plate is constituted, and fireproof coating layer is painted on the surface of column, has the zinc-plated keel in turning, NALC fire prevention in the Corner Strapped of column Plate is fixed on the zinc-plated keel in turning by tapping screw.
Waterproof construction is provided with outer leg surface, it is mainly made up of the waterproof construction ALC plates and cystosepiment, cystosepiment glue It is bonded on the outer surface of column, ALC plates are adhesive on the outer surface of cystosepiment, two sides of cystosepiment add rubber water-proof Silicone weather resistant glue is filled with around band, rubber fastening band；The width of described ALC plates is more than the width of cystosepiment, cystosepiment Width be more than outer column alien invasion width, described rubber fastening band and the inner side edge of silicone weather resistant glue and shingle nail Outer surface sealing is connected.
Described column and the attachment structure of crossbeam pass through connecting plate for one end of I-beam with one end of transition I-steel And high-strength connecting bolt is connected, and the top of transition I-steel and is connected respectively with adjacent upright posts below, connect adjacent upright posts are close Internal at head to be provided with diaphragm plate, the surrounding of the diaphragm plate is weldingly connected with the inner surface of corresponding upper pillar stand or lower pillar stand.
The groove of described shingle nail lower end is inserted on outside sill, and the entirety of shingle nail is inlaid in two outer columns Between, the thickness of shingle nail and the width of outer column match so as to when shingle nail is installed inside and outside rear chamber without evagination table Face, the step body on shingle nail top is close to the lateral surface of entablature and extends upwardly beyond the upper surface of entablature, in entablature Upper surface several folded plate fixtures are installed, the vertical edges of folded plate fixture are provided with being passed through for fixing screws and can adjusted Whole left and right and the up and down notch of distance, shingle nail fixing bolt is through step body and described notch and even power plate and passes through nut The upper end of shingle nail and entablature are fixedly linked；Spacer post is added between described entablature and adjacent sill.
Beneficial effects of the present invention：
The present invention is a kind of green assembling type steel structure building system, and its " double modulus " based on modularization is coordinated and " mould Block combination " technology is to build principal character and the industrialized building technique system with the characteristics of built-in steel structure, the big plates of PC etc., The technology is through building（House）The overall process such as design, processing, installation, equipment installation, decorations, smart home, it is real Show house and built the industrializing of overall process, intensive and socialization, so as to improve construction engineering quality and benefit, realize energy-conservation Emission reduction and resources conservation.
The embedded assembling house of the present invention is mainly characterized in that：Building system is coordinated to form module machine using double modulus System, can be combined the architectural plane and elevation of building of all kinds of houses from the ㎡ of 80 ㎡~160.As long as the standard that basic module is formed Plate adds part sketch plate to meet the plane and facade size of all kinds of living require-ments, so as to form standardized designs, and is work Factory's metaplasia production lays the foundation.Building is using steel construction bearing system and the big plate series of PC, overlapping flooring（Roofing）Plate, EC wallboards, ALC wallboards form complete agent structure, improve life-span and the anti-seismic performance of building.The big plates of PC（Shingle nail）Using both sides concrete The inside holding construction of centre plus heat-insulation layer, meets incubation and thermal insulation function, improves energy-saving effect, meanwhile, meet fire prevention, sound insulation Deng requirement.The project such as scaffold, template are eliminated in installation process substantially, is plastered, eliminating that beam, post be cast-in-place and colligation of reinforcing bar Etc. process, situ wet operation, and the finishing of integration are reduced, its specimen surface is smooth, smooth, eliminates traditional mortar and looks for Equality process, can directly carry out Puttying, spray the process such as white, save material.Therefore, this assembled industrialized building is applied The work duration shortens 2/3, labour cost reduction by 2/3, it is ensured that safety in production and construction quality than conventional.Simultaneously steel house by In being not in that room turning is protruded, usable floor area can increase by 3%~5%, and the advantage such as energy-conserving and environment-protective is protruded.By to agent structure Cost Comparison and Analysis, steel construction assembled-type house remains basically stable with the cost of traditional concrete main structure body, but its construction period is to pass The 1/3 of system, shortens the investment payback time, and from the point of view of current steel market price trend, Traditional Man expense constantly increases, Price of steel product drops, and the cost of steel house will be expected to further reduction.
The present invention uses steel frame or steel frame-brace structure for main stress system, and its center pillar is mixed using rectangular steel pipe Solidifying soil, beam uses high frequency welding of H-structural steel beam or hot-rolling H-shaped girder steel.
The shingle nail of the present invention selects precast concrete PC plate, and this wallboard uses three-decker, and outer layer and internal layer are The precast slab of 50 thick arrangements of reinforcement, sandwich layer is the thick insulation materials of 150EPS.This shingle nail uses what is inlayed with agent structure Mode is connected, in the whole wall insertion steel frame of room one side.This wall compared with the Light trabses of general steel house Panel stiffness is big, overall good, will not produce crack.
The lining of the present invention uses NALC plates, and this wallboard is high from heavy and light, intensity；It has been fixed that the most important, which is, Type product, has perfect product standard and construction drawings, and realize large-scale production.
The floor of the present invention holds laminate combined use using precast concrete laminated floor slab and steel bar girder building, in main building Face adds 60mm in-situ layers using 60 thick Prefabricated stacking floors.Steel bar truss floor support plate is used in toilet, due to using with layer row Water technology, the ground of toilet is lower, while the requirement to seepage is higher, so being handled using steel bar truss floor support plate It is a kind of creative selection.
The main bilayer being combined using fireproof coating and fire-proof board on the flameproof protection of the steel structure member of the present invention Protection Code, first sprays fireproof coating and then hangs NALC fire-proof plates, comprehensive fire resistance period is more than 4 hours, much larger than general steel construction Building Fire Protection requirement.In the construction technology of fire-proof plate, it can be fixed using self threading pin or paste fixation；Two methods effect is all Can reach fire resistance period requirement, the advantage of mounting method be occupy little space, efficiency of construction is high, cost is low.
The present invention has a extensive future, market potential is very vast.Guarantee house, removing and resettlement room, canopy are particularly suitable for use at this stage The construction of the house class building such as family area transformation room and extensive stock room.Distinct economic, Environmental Effect can be obtained after popularization Benefit and social benefit.
All components of the present invention are all using factorial praluction, and mechanization is installed, and reduces site operation workman, base Originally large-scale scaffold, template item are eliminated, it is cast-in-place and reduce the processes such as the colligation of live reinforcing bar to eliminate beam, post, reduces Situ wet operation, the construction period shortens 1/3, labour cost reduction by 2/3, it is ensured that safety in production and construction quality than conventional.
The present invention, using Modular design, coordination, is to set up the most basic important elements of industrialized building system, it is to build Build industrialize, it is integrated and reach general, the interchangeable and supporting basis of building products, using " double modulus " coordination technique system System, horizontal basic module：1P=300mm, vertical basic module：1P=300mm.
The present invention is using steel frame-support system as stress system.It can use pure when building storey is less than 12 layers Steel frame structural system, i.e., be used as load-bearing and the structural system of lateral force resisting along the vertical and horizontal in house using framework. Space is used because frame system can provide larger inside, thus building arrangements are flexible.In addition, the rod member type of framework It is few, simple structure, short construction period, so for the structure not many to the number of plies, frame system is a kind of application than wide Structural system.When building storey be more than 12 layers be less than 30 layers when can use steel frame-Bracing Systems, framework- Support structure be exactly framework one across or it is several across it is vertically arranged support and constitutes, wherein sub-truss part play be similar to cut The effect of power wall.Under horizontal force, supporting member is solely subjected to draw, press axial force, this structure type in sub-truss part All it is highly effective either from the point of view of bearing capacity or deformation.Compared with pure frame structure, this structure type is significantly Improve the lateral resisting rigidity of structure.
The head tree of the present invention uses rectangle pipe concrete column.Rectangular conduit torsional rigidity is big, high capacity, profile rule Then, the light structure of composition is attractive in appearance, with good building applicability；Rectangle pipe concrete column is that coagulation is irrigated in rectangular tube Soil, preferably, the structure constituted with H profile steel compares that steel using amount is few, and cost is low, is compared with round steel pipe, beam for its fire protecting performance, stability Post connecting structure is fairly simple, and space is not produced and is mutually passed through, and is easy to processing, and formwork is not needed when pouring, and is building at present It is used widely in building.
The crossbeam of the present invention is using hot rolled H-shaped and welded H section steel beam.Hot-rolled steel section beam construction is simple, and processing cost is low, Sectional dimension is limited by the specification of shaped steel；Welding section steel beam feature is that sectional dimension combination is convenient, but process time is long and processes It is costly.
The present invention in rectangular tube by welding diaphragm plate, the short girder steel of the outer prewelding of post, steel beam flange and the short girder steel of the outer prewelding of post The edge of a wing is welded, and web is connected with the short steel beam web plate of prewelding using double plate high-strength bolt.Improve the ductility of node；Solve When post jamb plate is relatively thin, rectangular conduit is connected problem with beam rigid joint., can be curved by a relatively large margin due to steel tension, resistance to compression, shearing resistance Song, is the fabulous material of ductility.When there is powerful seismic energy, it can be digested by the elastic deformation of steel powerful outer Power, defeats a force with a tenderness.Using band short beam internal partition formula beam-column connection, its plastic hinge under geological process moved on to from outside cylinder away from On the beam of cylinder certain distance, adequately protected beam column weld seam, it is to avoid causes fragility to be broken due to connecting the deterioration of deformability It is bad.Steel frame and framework-Bracing Systems have highly energy-consuming ability and excellent plastic property, and compared to concrete knot The maximum advantage of structure is reduction of dead load, reduces detrimental effect during earthquake, such as reduces structural base and topple power Square, reduces representative value of gravity load etc..Rectangle pipe concrete column has larger plastic deformation in destruction, improves building Energy dissipation capacity；Steel pipe is in concrete cooperation, and nodes domains rigidity is big, and shear-carrying capacity is high, and clean steel column can be avoided to shake greatly In the case of easily occur failure by shear shortcoming；Under macroseism, it is easier to meet the Seismic mechanism requirement of strong column and weak beam.
The mounting means of the PC shingle nails of the present invention uses embedded, i.e., shingle nail is embedded between two posts.Outside conventional Wallboard is smooth compared to facade, and inner space corner adds inner space and use face without lofty, flexible layout Accumulate and improve residential amenity.The lining of the present invention（ALC plates）1/4 with high-strength light, only concrete, glue The 1/3 of cob brick；Heat insulation property, is 10 times of normal concrete, 7 times of clay brick, be the superior building of thermal and insulating performance Material；Flame-retardant is good, and its material is configured to silicate material not so, and thermal resistivity is high, and volume heat endurance is good, tool There is very high fire resistance, do not produce pernicious gas；Absorbing sound, sound-proofing is good, and can createing the high-air-tightness interior space, there is provided peaceful Quiet comfortable living environment；Construction convenience, wallboard dimensional standard, light weight can greatly reduce human and material resources input, sheet material Mounting process is easy, efficiency high, can effectively shorten the completion time of project.
The present invention use steel bar girder superimposed sheet, by the reinforcement fabrication in floor into steel bar girder, and by steel bar girder with Concreting is connected into its upper concrete after concrete thin plates component, in-site installation, forms overall floor.This hair It is bright creatively to employ steel bar truss floor support plate, by the reinforcement fabrication in floor into steel bar girder, and by steel bar girder with pressing The integrally welded floor member of type galvanized steel plain sheet, in its upper concrete, forms overall floor.It has：1st, floor is whole Body performance is good, is conducive to antidetonation；2nd, it is easy to the arrangement of pipeline；3rd, live assembling reinforcement workload 70% or so is reduced, shortens work Phase；4th, Site Template and scaffold consumption be substantially reduce the number；5th, multilayer floor slab can construct simultaneously；6th, arrangement of bar is uniform, improves Construction quality.
The fire protection design of the present invention has taken into full account that corrosion resistance of steel is poor, heat-resisting nonfireproof feature, thus will building The anti-corrosion of finishing and steel member, the unified consideration of fire prevention, the air-tightness wrapped up using fire-proof plate strengthen anti-corrosion, the fire line of steel member Can, meet fire safety rules requirement.Its way is：First in steel member surface spraying antirust paint, then sprayed fire proofing coating, then Wrap up fire-proof plate.
If the development of reinforced concrete structure makes construction enter mechanization from manual, then the application of steel construction is just Housing construction will be made to realize modernization, steel house is by the important symbol developed as modernization of architecture." steel construction It is environment protective villas, steel construction meets Conception of Sustainable Development ", 21 century steel construction will capture wide construction market.In China Under the historical background for wideling popularize housing industrialization at present, steel structure system will turn into the main flow of Housing Structure System.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the residential structure schematic diagram with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the shingle nail of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the section structure schematic diagram of the room floor support plate of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the toilet floor support plate of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the column fire proof construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the outer column waterproof construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the column and beam connecting structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The shingle nail that Fig. 8 is the present invention installs fixed structure schematic diagram.
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in figures 1-8.
A kind of built-in steel Standard dwelling house system, it includes steel frame, shingle nail, the floor support plate of room flooring, defended The floor support plate of flooring, the partition plate in room and stair between life, described steel frame are made up of steel column and girder steel, and described steel column is adopted With the filling concrete of rectangle steel tubing string；Described girder steel uses welding H-bar；The shingle nail of the exterior wall is inlaid in framework Between two steel columns, shingle nail is in sandwich structure, and its bottom is provided with groove, and the top of shingle nail is in step-like, shingle nail The groove of bottom is placed on the bearing set on girder steel, has pre-buried bolt on the step body on shingle nail top, in shingle nail Install it is in place after this bolt be connected with the U-shaped part welded on girder steel and by shingle nail fixation；Hold in described room building Plate -- the two ends of steel bar girder reinforced concrete slab are positioned on girder steel, and laminated floor slab is by steel bar girder and the thick coagulations of 60mm Soil is constituted, room floor support plate install it is in place after, in its upper concrete, form overall floor and obtain each needed for structure Plant thickness floor；Described toilet floor support plate -- steel bar truss floor support plate is into reinforcing bar purlin by the reinforcement fabrication in floor Frame, and by steel bar girder and the integrally welded floor special-purpose member of die mould galvanized steel plain sheet, the zinc-plated bottom plate of die mould as template, After the completion of steel pipe buried in advance etc., in pouring concrete thereon, water resistance well overall floor is obtained；Described room partition plate is using steaming It is ALC plates to press lightweight aerated concrete plate, and it has fire-retardant, fire resistance, and this fire-proof plate is wrapped up into girder steel；Outside described column Surface and all girder steels are to be enclosed with fire-proof plate；Described stair use prefabrication, field erected structure.
A kind of built-in steel Standard house, it is grown optimizes with wide with 3 for modulus, in order to directly utilize factory The part for changing identical modulus is installed, and it includes steel frame, shingle nail, room floor support plate, toilet floor support plate, room cut-off Plate and stair etc., as shown in figure 1, steel frame therein is made up of column 1 and crossbeam 2, described column 1 is filled using rectangular conduit Concrete is filled, described crossbeam 2 uses I-steel；Described shingle nail 3 is inlaid between two columns 1, and shingle nail 3 is in Sanming City Structure is controlled, its bottom is provided with groove 4, top is provided with step body 5, as shown in Fig. 2 the groove inserting of the bottom of shingle nail 3 is outside On wall sill, the step body on top is fixed on the folded plate fixture 6 being connected with exterior wall upper cross beam welding, such as Fig. 8：Described The two ends of room floor support plate 8 are positioned on interior crossbeam, its surface be provided with steel bar girder 7, room floor support plate 8 install terminate after with Steel bar girder carries out concrete layer casting for keel with the floor of thickness needed for obtaining, such as Fig. 3；Described toilet floor support plate 9 Two ends be also positioned on corresponding interior crossbeam, it is by metal base plate 14 and 10 groups of steel bar girder being welded on metal base plate Into such as Fig. 4 is postponed using metal base plate as template progress concrete casting when completing pipeline cloth on metal base plate, prevented The toilet floor support plate of the good, steel pipe buried in advance of aqueous energy；Described room partition panel is hung using ALC fire-proof plates and by U-shaped hook Part be positioned above and below between two internal crossbeams, the outer surface of described column and all crossbeams are to be enclosed with fire-proof plate（Figure Not shown in）；Described stair use the field erected structure of prefabrication（Same as the prior art, prefabricated component transports to scene Can directly it lift）.When the building built is more than 12 layers, diagonal brace can be installed additional on described steel frame to meet more than 12 layers The need for building intensity.
The concrete structure of the shingle nail 3 of the present invention is as shown in Fig. 2 the plate body main body 11 including sandwich structure, described The top of plate body main body 11 is provided with the step body 5 for being mounted on upper strata girder steel outer surface, and the following of it is provided with insertion lower floor girder steel Groove 4, the fixing hole 12 for being used for fixing plate body and upper strata crossbeam is provided with the step body 5；Described plate body is three Mingzhi's structure, its intermediate layer is EPS adiabator layers 213, and EPS adiabator layers both sides are reinforcing bar precast slab.Room Between floor support plate 8 structure as shown in figure 3, it includes concrete prefabricated half bottom plate 13, on described concrete prefabricated half bottom plate 13 Provided be higher by its surface it is arranging along its length, formed for cast-in-place to form the steel bar girder 7 of muscles and bones, The both sides of concrete prefabricated half bottom plate are connected to the connection reinforcing bar in bending-like for being connected with adjacent floor deck.Toilet Floor support plate 9 is made up of curved metal bottom plate 14 and steel bar girder 10, and the steel bar girder 10 on described metal base plate 14 is higher by it Surface, and arrange along its length, formed to form muscles and bones available for cast-in-place.Being provided with for the alien invasion of column 1 is prevented fires Structure is as shown in figure 5, described fire proof construction is main is made up of fireproof coating 15 and NALC of layer fire-proof plates 16, fireproof coating layer 15 The surface of column 1 is painted on, there are the zinc-plated keel 17 in turning in the Corner Strapped of column, NALC fire-proof plates 16 pass through self tapping spiral shell Nail 18 is fixed on the zinc-plated keel 17 in turning, and the zinc-plated keel 17 in turning are pasted onto on leg surface by seccotine.The table of outer column 1 The waterproof construction in face as shown in fig. 6, the waterproof construction it be mainly made up of ALC plates 19 and cystosepiment 20, cystosepiment 20 is adhesive in On the outer surface of column 1, ALC plates 19 are adhesive on the outer surface of cystosepiment 20, and two sides of cystosepiment 20 add rubber Silicone weather resistant glue 22 is filled with around waterstop 21, rubber fastening band 21；The width of described ALC plates 19 is more than cystosepiment 20 Width, the width of cystosepiment 20 is more than the width of the alien invasion of outer column 1, described rubber fastening band 21 and silicone weather resistant glue 22 inner side edge is connected with the outer surface sealing of shingle nail 3.The attachment structure of column and crossbeam as shown in fig. 7, the one end of crossbeam 2 with One end of transition I-steel 23 is connected by connecting plate 24 and high-strength connecting bolt 25, the top of transition I-steel 23 and following point Be not connected with adjacent upright posts 1, adjacent upright posts inside joint be provided with diaphragm plate 26, the surrounding of the diaphragm plate 26 with it is corresponding Upper pillar stand or the inner surface of lower pillar stand be weldingly connected.The mounting structure fixed structure of shingle nail is as shown in figure 8, shingle nail lower end Groove 4 be inserted on outside sill 2, shingle nail 3 is overall to be inlaid between two outer columns 1, the thickness of shingle nail 3 with it is outer The width of column 1 matches so as to when shingle nail is installed inside and outside rear chamber without convex surface, the step body on the top of shingle nail 3 5 are close to the lateral surface of entablature and extend upwardly beyond the upper surface of entablature, and several are provided with the upper surface of entablature 2 Folded plate fixture 6, the vertical edges of folded plate fixture 6 are provided with being passed through for fixing screws and can adjusts or so and distance up and down Notch 27, shingle nail fixing bolt 28 is through step body 5 and described notch and even power plate 29 and by nut 30 by shingle nail 3 Upper end be fixedly linked with entablature；Spacer post is also added between described entablature and adjacent sill.Shingle nail 3 is pacified Shingle nail is lifted into erecting bed first with hanging device during dress, the groove of shingle nail bottom is first directed at sill and inserted Enter, then shingle nail be integrally pushed between two root posts, now, the step body on shingle nail top is close on entablature, now, Shingle nail fixing bolt can be penetrated from the mounting hole on shingle nail step body, the one of notch is passed through in shingle nail fixing bolt Even power plate is put on end and nut is screwed on（Appropriate pretension）, adjust shingle nail and tighten nut again after in place, be pressed on even power plate The fixation of shingle nail is completed on folded plate fixture, the installation of next piece of shingle nail is carried out by this step, in whole or every piece of wall Panel installs fixed fire-proof plate i.e. available after terminating to entablature and sill（For every piece relatively shingle nail）Carry out fire-proof plate Install, to eliminate the exposed part in crossbeam room.
Part that the present invention does not relate to is same as the prior art or can be realized using prior art.
1. a kind of built-in steel Standard house, it includes steel frame, shingle nail, room floor support plate, toilet floor support plate, room Between partition panel and stair, it is characterized in that described steel frame is made up of column and crossbeam, described column is filled using rectangular conduit Concrete is filled, described crossbeam uses I-steel；Described shingle nail is inlaid between two columns, and shingle nail is in sandwich knot Structure, its bottom is provided with groove, and top is provided with step body, and the groove of shingle nail bottom is inserted on exterior wall sill, top Step body is fixed on the folded plate fixture being connected with exterior wall upper cross beam welding：In the two ends of described room floor support plate are positioned at On crossbeam, its surface is provided with steel bar girder, and concrete layer is carried out by keel of steel bar girder after floor support plate installation in room terminates Cast with the floor of thickness needed for obtaining；The two ends of described toilet floor support plate are also positioned on corresponding interior crossbeam, it by Metal base plate and the steel bar girder composition being welded on metal base plate, postpone when completing pipeline cloth on metal base plate and utilize metal bottom Plate carries out concrete casting as template, and acquisition water resistance is good, steel pipe buried in advance toilet floor support plate；Described atrial septum Disconnected plate using ALC fire-proof plates and by hooking part be positioned above and below between two internal crossbeams, the outer surface of described column and All crossbeams are to be enclosed with fire-proof plate；Described stair use prefabrication, field erected structure.
2. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that its width and length are modulus with 3 Set.
3. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being added on described steel frame tiltedly The need for support is to meet more than 12 layers building intensity.
4. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described shingle nail includes plate body, institute The top for the plate body stated is provided with the step body for being mounted on upper strata girder steel outer surface, and its following be provided with inserts recessed in lower floor's girder steel Groove, is provided with the fixing hole for being used for fixing plate body and upper strata crossbeam on the step body；Described plate body is sandwich structure, Its intermediate layer is EPS adiabator layers, and EPS adiabator layers both sides are reinforcing bar precast slab.
5. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described room floor support plate includes mixing Solidifying prefabricated half bottom plate of soil, described concrete prefabricated half bottom plate is provided with arranging along its length, the use for being higher by its surface Formed to form the steel bar girder of muscles and bones in cast-in-place, be connected on the both sides of concrete prefabricated half bottom plate for The connected connection reinforcing bar in bending-like of adjacent floor deck.
6. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described toilet floor support plate includes Metal base plate, described metal base plate be provided be higher by its surface it is arranging along its length, formed for cast-in-place To form several steel bar girders of muscles and bones.
7. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described column alien invasion is provided with anti- Fiery structure, described fire proof construction is main to be made up of fireproof coating layer and NALC fire-proof plates, and fireproof coating layer is painted on vertical , there are the zinc-plated keel in turning on the surface of post, it is zinc-plated that NALC fire-proof plates are fixed on turning by tapping screw in the Corner Strapped of column On keel.
8. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with waterproof knot in outer leg surface Structure, it is mainly made up of the waterproof construction ALC plates and cystosepiment, and cystosepiment is adhesive on the outer surface of column, and ALC plates are gluing On the outer surface of cystosepiment, two sides of cystosepiment are added is filled with silicone around rubber fastening band, rubber fastening band Weather-resistant glue；The width of described ALC plates is more than the width of cystosepiment, and the width of cystosepiment is more than the width of the alien invasion of outer column Degree, described rubber fastening band and the inner side edge of silicone weather resistant glue is connected with the outer surface sealing of shingle nail.
9. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the connection of described column and crossbeam Structure is connected for one end of I-beam with one end of transition I-steel by connecting plate and high-strength connecting bolt, transition I-steel Top and it is connected respectively with adjacent upright posts below, diaphragm plate, the four of the diaphragm plate is provided with inside joint in adjacent upright posts All inner surfaces with corresponding upper pillar stand or lower pillar stand are weldingly connected.
10. built-in steel Standard house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the groove of described shingle nail lower end It is inserted on outside sill, the entirety of shingle nail is inlaid between two outer columns, the thickness of shingle nail and the width of outer column Degree matches so that when shingle nail is installed without convex surface inside and outside rear chamber, the step body on shingle nail top is close to entablature Lateral surface and extend upwardly beyond the upper surface of entablature, several folded plate fixtures are installed in the upper surface of entablature, The vertical edges of folded plate fixture are provided with being passed through for fixing screws and can adjust left and right and the up and down notch of distance, and shingle nail is solid Bolt is determined through step body and described notch and even power plate and the upper end of shingle nail and entablature are fixedly linked by nut； Spacer post is added between described entablature and adjacent sill.
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|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510894435.XA CN105421818B (en)||2015-12-08||2015-12-08||Built-in steel Standard house|
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|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510894435.XA CN105421818B (en)||2015-12-08||2015-12-08||Built-in steel Standard house|
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|CN105421818A CN105421818A (en)||2016-03-23|
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|CN106351358A (en) *||2016-10-26||2017-01-25||中国二十二冶集团有限公司||Method for manufacturing and mounting fabricated steel structure house sandwich thermal insulation concrete external wall panel|
|CN106592755B (en) *||2017-01-17||2019-04-19||北京工业大学||A kind of more high-rise overall assembled steel house structural systems of modularization|
|CN108915087A (en) *||2018-07-12||2018-11-30||首钢集团有限公司||A kind of weather-proof H profile steel of steel house and the matched method of corrosion-inhibiting coating|
|CN110106981A (en) *||2019-05-20||2019-08-09||中建钢构有限公司||Assembling type steel structure building and its construction technology|
|CN110528681A (en) *||2019-08-22||2019-12-03||河北润华工程建设设计有限公司||A kind of close column assembled arthitecutral structure of steel pipe concrete and its building|
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|KR101406535B1 (en) *||2012-06-13||2014-06-16||재단법인 포항산업과학연구원||Steel plate shear wall structure using block assembly|
|CN104213655A (en) *||2013-05-30||2014-12-17||周奇迪||Modular building and modular wall|
|CN204252269U (en) *||2014-11-17||2015-04-08||山东新世纪市政工程股份有限公司||A kind of Prefabricated steel construction integration assembling green building Component composition assembly unit|
|CN204590318U (en) *||2015-02-26||2015-08-26||河南亚鹰钢结构幕墙工程有限公司||The perpendicular dress syndeton of house and side fascia thereof|
|CN104763098B (en) *||2015-04-08||2017-04-19||西北民族大学||Horizontal self-locking assemble wallboard and construction method of horizontal self-locking assemble wallboard embedded into construction wall body|
|CN205296893U (en) *||2015-12-08||2016-06-08||徐州中煤百甲重钢科技股份有限公司||Embedded steel construction assembly house|
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