CN105371304B - A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace - Google Patents

A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105371304B
CN105371304B CN201410423619.3A CN201410423619A CN105371304B CN 105371304 B CN105371304 B CN 105371304B CN 201410423619 A CN201410423619 A CN 201410423619A CN 105371304 B CN105371304 B CN 105371304B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tube
heat exchanger
air distribution
cylinder
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410423619.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105371304A (en
Inventor
李崇杰
Original Assignee
李崇杰
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李崇杰 filed Critical 李崇杰
Priority to CN201410423619.3A priority Critical patent/CN105371304B/en
Publication of CN105371304A publication Critical patent/CN105371304A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105371304B publication Critical patent/CN105371304B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnaces, including hopper, burner, heat exchanger and deduster, hopper is mounted on burner top by sub-feed tube, fuel burns from hopper into burner, enter in deduster after carrying out primary heat exchange and secondary heat exchange using heat exchanger, waste gas dedusting is carried out again by waste heat recovery.Invention is using biological particles as fuel, firing out rate is 96%, remaining ash can do farm manure and directly go back to field, be digital control automatic burning multipurpose biomass combustion furnace, using lower feeding style, fuel burns around from center, it may switch to heating control model when without using cooking function, reduce pollution and energy consumption, combustion furnace cold operation can be set in the case that nobody, ensure that indoor water pipe etc. easily freezes article minimum temperature, reduces energy consumption.

Description

A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heating equipment, specifically a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace.
Background technology
Existing boiling heating stove mostly uses coal, natural gas, oil gas, oil and does fuel, and fuel generation is done using coal Prodigious dust pollution, coal slag can not be handled rationally, and burn fossil non-renewable energy resources cause CO2 emission to increase;It steams Heating function independence is boiled, cannot accomplish a tractor serves several purposes, waste prodigious use space;It is not intelligentized control method burning, causes very Big waste of fuel increases the discharge of greenhouse gases and dust, PM2.5 is caused to increase.Agricultural crop straw in all parts of the country is private Air PM2.5 is caused largely to generate from burning, the agricultural crop straw of burn incompletely generates a large amount of dust smog, to traffic civil aviaton Etc. causing prodigious security risk.National appearance policy stalk is forbidden burning, and to accomplish recycling or landfill disposal, and practical operation In, because stalk can not bring benefits, many peasants burn privately.It promotes stalk recycling to make biomass fuel, is increasing peasant income, It will promote a large amount of uses of environmental protection equipment, biomass combustion that can accomplish that " zero " discharges carbon dioxide, biomass growth needs more Few carbon dioxide, just discharges how many carbon dioxide after burning, accomplished that opposite " zero " discharges, reduce carbon dioxide greenhouse gas and The discharge of respirable dust particle PM2.5.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of intelligentized control method, the boiling multi-purpose biomass combustions of a tractor serves several purposes Stove, which is characterized in that solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, including hopper, burner, heat exchanger and deduster, the combustion Burner includes materail tube, batching pipe, matching air box and tray for combustion, and the batching pipe upper right opens up and the sub-feed tube below hopper There is connection small through hole, material blending auger is installed inside batching pipe, material blending auger supporting axis bearing, dispensing are installed on the left of batching pipe Material blending auger bearing is installed, batching pipe lower section connects materail tube by material blanking tube, feeding is equipped with inside materail tube on the right side of pipe Auger, materail tube left side connect matching air box, feeding auger bearing, feeding auger bearing and material blending auger are connected on the right side of materail tube Motor locking seat is installed on the right side of bearing, gas-distributing fan is installed in front of matching air box, feeding fan is installed in front of materail tube, Lower section is equipped with an ajutage of connection tray for combustion on the left of the matching air box, and top is equipped in connection air distribution on the left of matching air box The secondary blast pipe of cylinder, air distribution inner tube installation is in the top of tray for combustion, and pan bottom of burning is equipped with igniter, in air distribution inner cylinder Side offers secondary blast hole, three times air pushing hole respectively.
The heat exchanger includes air distribution outer barrel, heat exchange inner cylinder and heat exchanger tube, and lower sealing plate is equipped with below the air distribution outer barrel, Flange is installed on the right side of air distribution outer barrel, air distribution outer barrel is equipped with a plurality of heat exchanger tube, and air distribution outer barrel right side opening is equipped with large through-hole, Ajutage and secondary blast Guan Jun are extended to by the large through-hole in air distribution outer barrel, and tray for combustion is mounted below heat exchanger tube, is matched For wind inner tube installation among heat exchanger tube, heat exchanger tube connects heat exchange inner cylinder by rear sealing plate, is installed between heat exchanger tube and air distribution inner cylinder There is sealing plate, upper sealing plate is installed above heat exchange inner cylinder, upper sealing plate is equipped with dust removal brush.
The deduster includes dust cleaning case, dedusting fan and water atomization dust removing tube, and connection heat exchange is equipped on the right side of dust cleaning case The snorkel of device, the dedusting fan are mounted on inside dust cleaning case, and dedusting upper box part is equipped with secondary heat exchange pipe, secondary heat exchange pipe Top is equipped with the mounting plate with through-hole, and the water atomization dust removing tube is mounted on above mounting plate, and dust cleaning case bottom is equipped with residue Push auger.
As a further solution of the present invention:Decompressor is installed in the hopper.
As further scheme of the invention:The heat exchanger tube is covered with air distribution outer tube inner wall.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
Using biological particles as fuel, firing out rate 96%, remaining ash can do farm manure and directly go back to field the present invention, It is digital control automatic burning multipurpose biomass combustion furnace, using lower feeding style, fuel burns around from center, work It is that microcontroller controls temperature setting to make mode, and control system controls leaving water temperature using pid control mode, with the side of closed-loop control Formula controls the speed and inventory of burner, and heating control model is may switch to when without using cooking function;It is passed by oxygen Sensor monitors biomass combustion situation, such as burns insufficient by control air distribution and feed device so that transported under most economical state Row reduces pollution and energy consumption;Under heating pattern can timing and long-range remote control function, the network interface of combustion furnace accesses network It realizes remote control, passes through webpage or cell-phone customer terminal APP remote monitorings and remote control combustion furnace;It can be arranged in the case that nobody Combustion furnace cold operation ensures that indoor water pipe etc. easily freezes article minimum temperature, reduces energy consumption.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of burner in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding auger in burner in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of heat exchanger in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of deduster in the present invention.
In figure:1- materail tubes;2- tray for combustions;Ajutage of 3-;4- matching air boxs;5- secondary blast pipes;6- air distribution inner cylinders; 7- material blanking tubes;8- feeding auger bearings;9- batching pipes;10- material blending augers;11- material blending auger bearings;12- material blending augers are supported Bearing block;13- motor locking seats;14- gas-distributing fans;15- feeding fans;16- feeding augers;17- air distribution outer barrels;18- sealing plates; 19- heat exchange inner cylinders;Sealing plate after 20-;21- heat exchanger tubes;Sealing plate under 22-;23- upper sealing plates;24- flanges;25- dust removal brush;26- dedustings Case;27- dedusting fans;28- water atomization dust removing tubes;29- residues push auger;30- secondary heat exchange pipes;31- snorkels, 32- material Bucket;33- sub-feed tubes.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, including hopper 32, burner, heat exchanger and deduster, hopper 32 are mounted on burner top by sub-feed tube 33, and fuel is from hopper 32 into combustion Burner is burnt, and is entered in deduster after carrying out primary heat exchange and secondary heat exchange using heat exchanger, again by waste heat recovery Carry out waste gas dedusting.
It please refers to him and wants 2~3, the burner includes materail tube 1, batching pipe 9, matching air box 4 and tray for combustion 2, described to match 9 upper right of expects pipe offers the small through hole being connect with the sub-feed tube 33 of 32 lower section of hopper, and dispensing strand is equipped with inside batching pipe 9 Dragon 10,9 left side of batching pipe are equipped with material blending auger supporting axis bearing 12, ensure that the position of material blending auger 10 is accurate, batching pipe 9 is right Side is equipped with material blending auger bearing 11, and 9 lower section of batching pipe connects materail tube 1 by material blanking tube 7, is equipped with and send inside materail tube 1 Expect that auger 16,1 left side of materail tube connect matching air box 4,1 right side of materail tube is connected with feeding auger bearing 8, feeding auger bearing 8 Motor locking seat 13 is installed with 11 right side of material blending auger bearing, the front of matching air box 4 is equipped with gas-distributing fan 14, materail tube 1 Front is equipped with feeding fan 15, and 4 left side lower section of the matching air box is equipped with an ajutage 3 of connection tray for combustion 2, matching air box 4 left sides top are equipped with the secondary blast pipe 5 of connection air distribution inner cylinder 6, and air distribution inner cylinder 6 is mounted on the top of tray for combustion 2, and burns 2 bottom of disk is equipped with igniter, and secondary blast hole, three times air pushing hole are offered respectively in 6 side of air distribution inner cylinder.
Fuel enters sub-feed tube 33 from hopper 32, and decompressor is equipped in hopper 32, and capable of reducing fuel, once dispensing is excessive To the pressure that material blending auger 10 generates, the fuel in sub-feed tube 33 is pushed to material blanking tube 7 by material blending auger 10, and fuel is by falling Expects pipe 7 falls into materail tube 1, and the feeding auger 16 inside materail tube 1 pushes material, and feeding auger 16 is sent using horizontal mode Material, utmostly reduces device height, and front uses 45 degree of angle oblique upper feedings, fuel is made to be sent to tray for combustion 2 from center On, it is lighted by automatically controlling, matching air box 4 passes through gas-distributing fan 14 and is sent into fresh air, and three are assigned as inside an ajutage 3 Road air-flow, two-way lead to 2 lower section of tray for combustion and realize that primary air-supply, primary air-supply are anoxycausis so that biomass is in anoxic shape Maximum gasification under state;Another way is sent to the hollow position of air distribution inner cylinder 6 by secondary blast pipe 5, realizes the fuel of anoxycausis The position of air pushing hole is fully burnt in secondary blast hole and three times.
Referring to Fig. 4, heat exchanger includes air distribution outer barrel 17, heat exchange inner cylinder 19 and heat exchanger tube 21, under the air distribution outer barrel 17 Side is equipped with lower sealing plate 22, and 17 right side of air distribution outer barrel is equipped with flange 24, a plurality of heat exchanger tube 21 is equipped with inside air distribution outer barrel 17, 17 right side opening of air distribution outer barrel is equipped with large through-hole, and an ajutage 3 and secondary blast pipe 5 extend to air distribution outer barrel by the large through-hole In 17, tray for combustion 2 is mounted on 21 lower section of heat exchanger tube, and air distribution inner cylinder 6 is mounted among heat exchanger tube 21, and heat exchanger tube 21 passes through rear sealing plate 20 connection heat exchange inner cylinders 19, are equipped with sealing plate 18 between heat exchanger tube 21 and air distribution inner cylinder 6,19 top of heat exchange inner cylinder is equipped with envelope Plate 23, upper sealing plate 23 are equipped with dust removal brush 25.
Full combustion of fuel in burner, heat are applied directly to heating object bottom surface, reach the substances such as heating water It is required that hot gas is run down by air distribution outer barrel 17 and the gap of heat exchange inner cylinder 19, the water in heating heat exchange inner cylinder 19 reaches one Secondary heat exchange;Hot gas runs to exchanger base, and under the action of breeze fan 15, hot gas is run up by heat exchanger tube 21, is reached To secondary heat exchange;Upper sealing plate 7 on heat exchanger can be fabricated to no endoporus mode, and no this stove of endoporus mode is single heating side Formula, upper sealing plate of the present invention are porose sealing plates, can adapt to cooking, and dust removal brush 25 is equipped in heat exchanger, are being set Time in by motor pull realize move up and down, complete remove heat exchange 19 side wall dust of inner cylinder effect, reduce ashes inhale Attached heat exchanger, reducing heat exchange efficiency influences.
Referring to Fig. 5, deduster includes dust cleaning case 26, dedusting fan 27 and water atomization dust removing tube 28,26 right side of dust cleaning case The snorkel 31 of connection heat exchanger is installed, dedusting fan 27 is mounted on inside dust cleaning case, and 26 top of dust cleaning case is equipped with secondary Heat exchanger tube 30,30 top of secondary heat exchange pipe are equipped with the mounting plate with through-hole, and the installation of water atomization dust removing tube 28 is on a mounting board The mixture of side, the auto spraying dedusting in the case where ensureing dedusting with humidity of water atomization dust removing tube 28, dust and water deposits to Dust cleaning case bottom, 26 bottom of dust cleaning case are equipped with residue push auger 29, and residue pushes auger 29 by accumulating in dust cleaning case 26 Dust and the mixture of water of water be pushed in dust-collecting box.
It is more much higher than return water temperature by the hot air temperature of heat exchanger, hot gas run to heat exchange 19 inside of inner cylinder when, except Enter dust cleaning case 26 under the action of dirt wind turbine 27, hot gas by the secondary heat exchange pipe 30 dust cleaning case 26 inside, the residual temperature of hot gas and Low-temperature return water into dust cleaning case 26 carries out heat exchange, reaches the heat exchange three times of preheating low-temperature return water, avoids directly arranging hot gas Energy waste caused by putting.
Using biological particles as fuel, firing out rate 96%, remaining ash can do farm manure and directly go back to field the present invention, be Digital control automatic burning multipurpose biomass combustion furnace, using lower feeding style, fuel burns around from center, work Mode is that microcontroller controls temperature setting, and control system controls leaving water temperature using pid control mode, in a manner of closed-loop control The speed and inventory for controlling burner, may switch to heating control model when without using cooking function;It is sensed by oxygen Device monitors biomass combustion situation, such as burns insufficient by control air distribution and feed device so that it is run under most economical state, Reduce pollution and energy consumption;Under heating pattern can timing and long-range remote control function, the network interface access network of combustion furnace is real Existing remote control passes through webpage or cell-phone customer terminal APP remote monitorings and remote control combustion furnace;Combustion can be set in the case that nobody Stove cold operation is burnt, ensures that indoor water pipe etc. easily freezes article minimum temperature, reduces energy consumption.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, including hopper(32), burner, heat exchanger and deduster, it is special Sign is that the burner includes materail tube(1), batching pipe(9), matching air box(4)And tray for combustion(2), the batching pipe(9)On Square right side opening is equipped with and hopper(32)The sub-feed tube of lower section(33)The small through hole of connection, batching pipe(9)Inside is equipped with dispensing strand Dragon(10), batching pipe(9)Left side is equipped with material blending auger supporting axis bearing(12), batching pipe(9)Right side is equipped with material blending auger Bearing(11), batching pipe(9)Lower section passes through material blanking tube(7)Connect materail tube(1), materail tube(1)Inside is equipped with feeding auger (16), materail tube(1)Left side connects matching air box(4), materail tube(1)Right side is connected with feeding auger bearing(8), feeding screw-conveyer-shaft It holds(8)With material blending auger bearing(11)Right side is equipped with motor locking seat(13), matching air box(4)Front gas-distributing fan is installed (14), materail tube(1)Front feeding motor is installed(15), the matching air box(4)Connection tray for combustion is installed below left side (2)An ajutage(3), matching air box(4)Connection air distribution inner cylinder is installed above left side(6)Secondary blast pipe(5), air distribution Inner cylinder(6)Mounted on tray for combustion(2)Top, and tray for combustion(2)Bottom is equipped with igniter, in air distribution inner cylinder(6)Side point Secondary blast hole, three times air pushing hole are not offered;
The heat exchanger includes air distribution outer barrel(17), heat exchange inner cylinder(19)And heat exchanger tube(21), the air distribution outer barrel(17)Lower section Lower sealing plate is installed(22), air distribution outer barrel(17)Right side is equipped with flange(24), air distribution outer barrel(17)Inside is equipped with a plurality of change Heat pipe(21), air distribution outer barrel(17)Right side opening is equipped with large through-hole, an ajutage(3)With secondary blast pipe(5)It is big by this Through-hole extends to air distribution outer barrel(17)It is interior, tray for combustion(2)Mounted on heat exchanger tube(21)Lower section, air distribution inner cylinder(6)Mounted on heat exchanger tube (21)Centre, heat exchanger tube(21)Pass through rear sealing plate(20)Connection heat exchange inner cylinder(19), heat exchanger tube(21)With air distribution inner cylinder(6)Between Sealing plate is installed(18), exchange heat inner cylinder(19)Top is equipped with upper sealing plate(23), upper sealing plate(23)It is equipped with dust removal brush(25);
The deduster includes dust cleaning case(26), dedusting fan(27)With water atomization dust removing tube(28), dust cleaning case(26)Pacify on right side Snorkel equipped with connection heat exchanger(31), the dedusting fan(27)Inside dust cleaning case, dust cleaning case(26)Pacify on top Equipped with secondary heat exchange pipe(30), secondary heat exchange pipe(30)Top is equipped with the mounting plate with through-hole, the water atomization dust removing tube(28) Above mounting plate, dust cleaning case(26)Bottom is equipped with residue push auger(29).
2. a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hopper (32)Decompressor is inside installed.
3. a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heat exchanger tube (21)It is covered with air distribution outer barrel(17)Inner wall.
CN201410423619.3A 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace CN105371304B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410423619.3A CN105371304B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410423619.3A CN105371304B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105371304A CN105371304A (en) 2016-03-02
CN105371304B true CN105371304B (en) 2018-07-17

Family

ID=55373732

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410423619.3A CN105371304B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105371304B (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721169A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic biofuel-combustion multipurpose furnace
CN202709435U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-30 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN203223939U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-10-02 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Numerical control biomass combustion furnace
WO2014070754A1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-08 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generation
CN203704342U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-07-09 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Full-automatic biomass fuel hot-blast stove
CN103968543A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel full-automatic chain type hot blast stove

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721169A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic biofuel-combustion multipurpose furnace
CN202709435U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-30 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace
WO2014070754A1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-08 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generation
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN203223939U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-10-02 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Numerical control biomass combustion furnace
CN203704342U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-07-09 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Full-automatic biomass fuel hot-blast stove
CN103968543A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel full-automatic chain type hot blast stove

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105371304A (en) 2016-03-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102134497B (en) Crop straw carbonizing method and device
CN201269623Y (en) Biomass particle combustion and heat exchange boiler
CN203744228U (en) Combustion device consuming solid fuel
CN201281371Y (en) Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace
CN103486593B (en) A kind of waste incineration boiler and its application method
CN104791767B (en) Biomass particle burner and use method thereof
CN101363618A (en) Chain boiler plant for burning multi-biomass fuels
CN103912866B (en) A kind of biomass granule fuel stability and high efficiency burner and method
CN201615507U (en) Multi-fuel energy-saving air return stove
CN105942568B (en) A kind of biomass granule fuel heating equipment
CN203657201U (en) Biomass fuel hot blast stove
CN204005952U (en) Biomass granular fuel combustor
CN2879022Y (en) Biomass vaporization boiler
CN203404807U (en) Energy-saving environment-friendly biomass automatic deslagging water heating cooking stove
CN101403566B (en) Baking stove
CN104819468B (en) Crop straw burning dead livestock and poultry and rubbish and the normal-pressure boiler and its method for producing hot water
CN201652438U (en) Straw-fueled in-flight burning furnace
CN103134177A (en) Biomass ash-free combustion furnace
CN101818892B (en) Straw fuel flying furnace
CN203375478U (en) Integrated gasification furnace
CN105066152A (en) Flute-shaped grate, application thereof and flute-shaped grate boiler
CN106322439B (en) A kind of normal pressure smokeless environment-friendly combustion stove
CN205606642U (en) Little pellet fuel environmental protection stove
CN102345862B (en) Biomass particle combustion apparatus and combustion method for same
CN106247322B (en) The W flame boiler that a kind of lack of gas windage yaw is put

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant