CN203517761U - Biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor - Google Patents

Biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203517761U
CN203517761U CN201320429222.6U CN201320429222U CN203517761U CN 203517761 U CN203517761 U CN 203517761U CN 201320429222 U CN201320429222 U CN 201320429222U CN 203517761 U CN203517761 U CN 203517761U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel plate
air
shell
air distribution
living beings
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Application number
CN201320429222.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈美栋
陈依名
潘世飞
陈花文
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福建正泽新能源有限公司
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Priority to CN201320429222.6U priority Critical patent/CN203517761U/en
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Publication of CN203517761U publication Critical patent/CN203517761U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor which is provided with a steel plate inner shell and a steel plate outer shell. The steel plate inner shell and the steel plate outer shell are arranged on the inner portion and the outer portion respectively. A water cooling sleeve clamping layer is arranged between the steel plate inner shell and the steel plate outer shell. Refractory bricks are arranged on the inner side of the steel plate inner shell. A burning furnace chamber is formed by refractory brick building. A burner port is formed in one side of the steel plate outer shell and extends into the burning furnace chamber. An oblique discharging cylinder is arranged on the other side of the steel plate outer shell. A grate is arranged on the bottom of the burning furnace chamber. The combustor is provided with an air feeding system formed by an oxygen increasing fan and a gas collecting box. The air feeding system is communicated with the bottom of the grate, a cold air hole in the burner port and the discharging cylinder respectively. According to the biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor, a circulating water cooling type structure is used, the burning furnace chamber can be effectively protected, the service life of a device is prolonged, meanwhile, a three-time-air-supply system is used, air feeding oxygen increasing is carried out in three different links, the efficiency of mixed burning of biomass particles can be improved, energy is saved, environment is protected, and performance is great.

Description

Three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings

Technical field

The utility model relates to three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings.

Background technology

In known technical field, tellurian limited resources, continuous exploitation along with the mankind, eventually there is one day and can consume totally, the mankind must will fully utilize the renewable sources of energy, forestry wood chip, sawdust or crop stalk are pulverized can be squeezed into particle, crop stalk particle volume after extruding is 1/20th~a thirtieth of former crop stalk volume, every kilogram of crop stalk particle approximately has the heat of 4,000 kilocalories, comparatively speaking, straw particle can be used as fuel and burns, it is a kind of clean fuel of high-quality, the fossil fuels such as alternative coal, thereby be widely used in all types of industries boiler and heating furnace.

At present, utilizing the stove shape of the combustion apparatus that major part that biological substance shaped granule burns used is all that round kiln is air-cooled, all adopts primary and secondary air air feed combustion system, and its stove endogenous substance particle is difficult to reach the degree of proper combustion, in addition feeding system, blanking is inhomogeneous, makes it combustion instability, does not fill part, easily produces black smoke, but also there is tempering, easily damage the defects such as feed opening, maintenance cost be higher, adopt air-cooled burner hearth, the burner hearth life-span is shorter, and maintenance rate is high.

Utility model content

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the problems referred to above, three air distribution half gasification combustors of living beings of a kind of simple in structure, reasonable in design, high life, sufficient combustion are provided.

The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings, in having, outer steel plate inner casing and the outer cover of steel plate arranging respectively, between described steel plate inner casing and outer cover of steel plate, be provided with water collar interlayer, inner side at described steel plate inner casing is provided with refractory brick, described laying fireproof bricks and form burner hearth, a side at described outer cover of steel plate is provided with nozzles, described nozzles are inserted in burner hearth, and on the inner bag of described nozzles, be evenly arranged cold wind hole, at the opposite side of described outer cover of steel plate, be provided with the blanking tube of inclination, the bottom of described blanking tube is inserted in burner hearth, top at described blanking tube is provided with particle hopper, bottom at described burner hearth is provided with fire grate, described burner also has the supply air system consisting of oxygenation blower fan and plenum chamber, and described supply air system respectively with the bottom of fire grate, cold wind hole and blanking tube on nozzles are connected.

Further, for feeding is evenly easy to control, improve efficiency of combustion, the utility model is provided with screw feeder system between described blanking tube and particle hopper, and described screw feeder system has reductor and auger.

Further, for amounts of particles in convenient observation particle hopper, the utility model is provided with transparent observing mirror on the sidewall of described particle hopper.

Further, in order to remove the complete slag of ashes and unburned, the utility model is respectively equipped with fire door and shoot door in the above and below of described fire grate.

Further, as a kind of concrete air intake mode, the utility model is provided with air inlet one time in the side of described fire grate bottom, on described blanking tube, be provided with secondary air distribution blast pipe, on the cold wind hole of described nozzles, be provided with three times aid distributing pipe, and a described air inlet, secondary air distribution blast pipe and three aid distributing pipes are all connected with supply air system.

Further, in order to control intake, the utility model is provided with hand stop valve on described secondary air distribution blast pipe.

Further, in order to control the circulation of cooling water, the utility model is provided with delivery port and water inlet on described water collar interlayer.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model adopts circulated water-cooled structure; can effectively protect burner hearth; improve the service life of device; adopt air feed system three times simultaneously; from three different link air intake oxygenation, can improve the efficiency of biological particles mixed combustion, avoid occurring the then inadequate situation such as black smoke; energy-conserving and environment-protective, excellent performance.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

In figure: 1. nozzles, 2. cold wind hole, 3. refractory brick, 4. outer cover of steel plate, 5. delivery port, 6. screw feeder system, 7. particle hopper, 8. transparent observing mirror, 9. oxygenation blower fan, 10. hand stop valve, 11. plenum chambers, 12. 2 air distribution blast pipes, 13. water collar interlayers, 14. shoot doors, 15. fire doors, 16. fire grates, 17. 3 aid distributing pipes, 18. blanking tubes, 19. reductors, 20. burner hearths, 21. steel plate inner casings, 22. water inlets.

The specific embodiment

By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail now.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, basic structure of the present utility model is only described in a schematic way, so it only show the formation relevant with the utility model.

The preferred embodiment of three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings of the utility model as shown in Figure 1, in having, outer steel plate inner casing 21 and the outer cover of steel plate 4 arranging respectively, between described steel plate inner casing 21 and outer cover of steel plate 4, be provided with water collar interlayer 13, in the inner side of described steel plate inner casing 21, be provided with refractory brick 3, described refractory brick 3 is built by laying bricks or stones and is formed burner hearth 20, a side at described outer cover of steel plate 4 is provided with nozzles 1, described nozzles 1 are inserted in burner hearth 20, and on the inner bag of described nozzles 1, be evenly arranged cold wind hole 2, at the opposite side of described outer cover of steel plate 4, be provided with the blanking tube 18 of inclination, the bottom of described blanking tube 18 is inserted in burner hearth 20, on the top of described blanking tube 18, be provided with particle hopper 7, in the bottom of described burner hearth 20, be provided with fire grate 16, described burner also has the supply air system consisting of oxygenation blower fan 9 and plenum chamber 11, and described supply air system respectively with the bottom of fire grate 16, cold wind hole 2 and blanking tube 18 on nozzles 1 are connected.

Between described blanking tube 18 and particle hopper 7, be provided with screw feeder system 6, described screw feeder system 6 has reductor 19 and auger, on the sidewall of described particle hopper 7, be provided with transparent observing mirror 8, transparent observing mirror 8 is made by PP clear glass, in the above and below of described fire grate 16, be respectively equipped with fire door 15 and shoot door 14, for cleaning ashes and slag, side in described fire grate 16 bottoms is provided with air inlet one time, on described blanking tube 18, be provided with secondary air distribution blast pipe 12, on the cold wind hole 2 of described nozzles 1, be provided with three times aid distributing pipe 17, an and described air inlet, secondary air distribution blast pipe 12 and three aid distributing pipes 17 are all connected with supply air system, a part of cold wind hole 2 cooling nozzles 1, extend 1 life-span of nozzles, another part cold wind hole 2 is combustion-supporting, make its burning more abundant, over-emitting black exhaust not, on described secondary air distribution blast pipe 12, be provided with hand stop valve 10, on described water collar interlayer 13, be provided with delivery port 5 and water inlet 22.

The utility model adopts circulated water-cooled structure; can effectively protect burner hearth; improve the service life of device; adopt air feed system three times simultaneously; from three different link air intake oxygenation, can improve the efficiency of biological particles mixed combustion, avoid occurring the then inadequate situation such as black smoke; energy-conserving and environment-protective, excellent performance.

The above-mentioned foundation desirable embodiment of the present utility model of take is enlightenment, and by above-mentioned description, relevant staff can, within not departing from the scope of this utility model technological thought, carry out various change and modification completely.The technical scope of this utility model is not limited to the content on description, must determine its technical scope according to claim scope.

Claims (7)

1. three air distribution half gasification combustors of living beings, it is characterized in that: in having, outer steel plate inner casing (21) and the outer cover of steel plate (4) arranging respectively, between described steel plate inner casing (21) and outer cover of steel plate (4), be provided with water collar interlayer (13), in the inner side of described steel plate inner casing (21), be provided with refractory brick (3), described refractory brick (3) is built by laying bricks or stones and is formed burner hearth (20), a side at described outer cover of steel plate (4) is provided with nozzles (1), described nozzles (1) are inserted in burner hearth (20), and on the inner bag of described nozzles (1), be evenly arranged cold wind hole (2), at the opposite side of described outer cover of steel plate (4), be provided with the blanking tube (18) of inclination, the bottom of described blanking tube (18) is inserted in burner hearth (20), on the top of described blanking tube (18), be provided with particle hopper (7), in the bottom of described burner hearth (20), be provided with fire grate (16), described burner also has the supply air system consisting of oxygenation blower fan (9) and plenum chamber (11), and described supply air system respectively with the bottom of fire grate (16), cold wind hole (2) and blanking tube (18) on nozzles (1) are connected.
2. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described blanking tube (18) and particle hopper (7), be provided with screw feeder system (6), described screw feeder system (6) has reductor (19) and auger.
3. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on the sidewall of described particle hopper (7), be provided with transparent observing mirror (8).
4. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: in the above and below of described fire grate (16), be respectively equipped with fire door (15) and shoot door (14).
5. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the side in described fire grate (16) bottom is provided with air inlet one time, on described blanking tube (18), be provided with secondary air distribution blast pipe (12), on the cold wind hole (2) of described nozzles (1), be provided with three aid distributing pipes (17), and a described air inlet, secondary air distribution blast pipe (12) and three aid distributing pipes (17) are all connected with supply air system.
6. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: on described secondary air distribution blast pipe (12), be provided with hand stop valve (10).
7. three air distribution half gasification combustors of a kind of living beings as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on described water collar interlayer (13), be provided with delivery port (5) and water inlet (22).
CN201320429222.6U 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor CN203517761U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320429222.6U CN203517761U (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320429222.6U CN203517761U (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Biomass three-time-air-distribution half-gasifying combustor

Publications (1)

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CN203517761U true CN203517761U (en) 2014-04-02

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566438A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 江苏太湖锅炉股份有限公司 Combined type adjustable air distribution device
CN104896468A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 潘汉祥 Biomass processing system and processing method of same
CN106678779A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-05-17 潘汉祥 Biomass forming fuel gasification and combustion integration equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566438A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 江苏太湖锅炉股份有限公司 Combined type adjustable air distribution device
CN104896468A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 潘汉祥 Biomass processing system and processing method of same
CN106678779A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-05-17 潘汉祥 Biomass forming fuel gasification and combustion integration equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140402

Termination date: 20160719

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee