CN204829880U - Take ignition's living beings granule combustor - Google Patents

Take ignition's living beings granule combustor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204829880U
CN204829880U CN201520416344.0U CN201520416344U CN204829880U CN 204829880 U CN204829880 U CN 204829880U CN 201520416344 U CN201520416344 U CN 201520416344U CN 204829880 U CN204829880 U CN 204829880U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blast pipe
ajutage
ignition
igniter
hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201520416344.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单明
杨旭东
刘辉
姬政敏
赵桂森
马伟卿
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TONGFANG ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT CO Ltd
Tsinghua University
Tsinghua Tongfang Artificial Environment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TONGFANG ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT CO Ltd
Tsinghua University
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Publication date
Application filed by TONGFANG ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT CO Ltd, Tsinghua University filed Critical TONGFANG ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT CO Ltd
Priority to CN201520416344.0U priority Critical patent/CN204829880U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204829880U publication Critical patent/CN204829880U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a take ignition's living beings granule combustor, belongs to biomass combustion equipment technical field. This combustor includes furnace, grate, takes the conveying pipe of hopper, the blast pipe is assembled in the burning and supply air fan, ignition and compressedair line, furnace upper portion is the secondary plenum chamber, and the lower part is for being equipped with a plenum except that the ash bucket, and the grate has adjustable horizontally's pull rod. Ignition contains some firearms, ignition fan and ignition blast pipe, and the inside furnace's of being close to of ignition blast pipe one end is located to the some firearm, compressedair line's one end is linked together with the hopper, the other end with the total blast pipe intercommunication of burning, the total blast pipe of burning is divided into a blast pipe and links to each other with secondary blast pipe, a blast pipe and a plenum, and the secondary blast pipe is continuous with the secondary plenum chamber. The utility model has the advantages of automatic ignition, the function of preventing down cigarette, convenient dusting, have simultaneously simple to use, combustion efficiency is high, the pollutant discharge low grade is a great deal of.

Description

A kind of biomass particle burner with igniter
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of biomass particle burner with igniter, belongs to biomass combustion equipment and technical field of energy utilization.
Background technology
China market exists the cooking stove of many applying biological matter granular fuel combustors, although can solve the problems such as the inefficiency, the indoor pollution that exist in the use procedure of common bavin stove be serious, in use still there is the problems such as igniting and feeding difficulty, cooking stove leakage cigarette, complex structure, cost are high, poor for applicability in the combustion apparatus of cooking stove.
Chinese utility model patent (publication number: CN201320343025.2) discloses a kind of biomass particle burner, this burner adopts hand-rail type feed design, have be combined flexibly with bavin stove, efficiency of combustion advantages of higher, but owing to adopting the mode of manual ignition, there is the problem of ignition difficulties, in addition also deposit in use fall cigarette and ash disposal difficulty etc. problem.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of biomass particle burner with igniter, can realize the functions such as automatic ignition, smoke-backflow-proof and convenient ash disposal.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
With a biomass particle burner for igniter, comprise burner hearth, fire grate, band hopper feed pipe, burn total ajutage and breeze fan, be provided with auger in feed pipe, it is characterized in that: described particle combustor is also containing igniter and pressure ventilation pipe; Igniter contains igniter, igniting blower fan and igniting ajutage; The inner one end near burner hearth of igniting ajutage is located at by described igniter; One end of pressure ventilation pipe is connected with hopper, and the other end is communicated with the total ajutage of described burning; The total ajutage of described burning is divided into an ajutage and secondary blast pipe, and one time ajutage is connected with an air compartment, and secondary blast pipe is connected with secondary blast room.
In technique scheme, described fire grate is with the pull bar that can move horizontally.Described igniter is resistive heater element.Air-valve is provided with in a described ajutage.
The utility model has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
With a biomass particle burner for igniter, there is the function of automatic ignition, smoke-backflow-proof, convenient ash disposal; Igniting blower fan in igniting ajutage and electric igniter can realize electric ignition; Lime-ash after burning at every turn can the fire grate of movement on horizontal plane can be scavenged into except in ash bucket by employing in time, avoids blocking burner hearth; This burner increases pressure ventilation pipe and communicates by hopper and burning ajutage, effectively can avoid the problem occurring down cigarette in use procedure; This burner can be combined with body of heater, pan, chimney etc. the object realizing cooking well, and has plurality of advantages such as using simply, efficiency of combustion is high, disposal of pollutants is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
A kind of biomass particle burner principle schematic with igniter that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model.
A kind of biomass particle burner top view with igniter that Fig. 2 position the utility model provides.
In figure, each parts represent: 1-hopper cover; 2-hopper; 3-crank; 4-auger; 5-feed pipe; 6-burns total ajutage; 6a-First air ajutage; 6b-Secondary Air ajutage; 7-lights a fire ajutage; 8-secondary blast room; 9-breeze fan; 10-igniter; 11-air-valve; 12-fire grate; 13-air compartment; 14-pressure ventilation pipe; 15-burner hearth; 16-lights a fire blower fan; 17-pull bar; 18-is except ash bucket; 19-is except ash bucket pull bar.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, operation principle of the present utility model, concrete structure are further described.
A kind of biomass particle burner structural representation with igniter that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model, this biomass particle burner comprises hopper cover 1, hopper 2, crank 3, auger 4, feed pipe 5, burn total ajutage 6, First air ajutage 6a, Secondary Air ajutage 6b, igniting ajutage 7, secondary blast room 8, breeze fan 9, igniter 10, an air-valve 11, fire grate 12, an air compartment 13, pressure ventilation pipe 14, burner hearth 15, igniting blower fan 16, pull bar 17, except ash bucket 18 with except ash bucket pull bar 19 etc., with above the fire grate 12 of pull bar 17 being burner hearth 15 with secondary blast room 8, bottom is that an air compartment 13 except ash bucket 18 is housed, total ajutage 6 one end of burning connects with breeze fan 9, and the other end is divided into First air ajutage 6a and Secondary Air ajutage 6b, and wherein First air ajutage 6a connects with an air compartment 13, and Secondary Air ajutage 6b connects with secondary blast room 8, igniting ajutage 7 one end with igniter 10 connects with burner hearth 15, and the other end connects with igniting blower fan 16, pressure ventilation pipe 14 one end connects with hopper 2, and the other end connects with First air ajutage 6a, auger 4 entirety is positioned in the feed pipe 5 of band hopper 2, and its one end connects with crank 3, igniter 10 is resistive heater element, is located at the inner one end near burner hearth 15 of igniting ajutage 7, fire grate 12 can move in the horizontal direction under the effect of pull bar 17, pressure ventilation pipe 14 in use hopper cover 1 will seal and is placed on hopper 2.By leaving body of heater except ash bucket pull bar 19 level drags ash disposal bucket 18 during ash disposal, reach the object of deashing.
Principle of the present utility model and the course of work as follows:
During use, this biomass particle burner is combined with body of heater, iron pan, chimney etc., guarantee that the center of burner hearth 15 is aimed at the bottom of pot and is fixed; Ignition process is that biological particles puts into hopper 2, cover tightly hopper cover 1, rotate crank 3, under the drive of auger 4, a certain amount of biomass granule fuel is sent on the fire grate 12 of combustion chamber 15 by feed pipe 5 gradually, opening point firearm 10 and igniting blower fan 16 ignite biological particles, and igniting terminates rear closedown igniter 10 and igniting blower fan 16; In combustion process from breeze fan 9 out air a part enter an air compartment 13 from First air ajutage 6a, another part enters secondary blast room 8 from Secondary Air ajutage 6b; The air be provided with in First air ajutage 6a in an air-valve 11, air compartment 13 plays once combustion-supporting effect; The imflammable gas that primary combustion produces by the wind of secondary blast room 8 and solid particulate matter carry out Thorough combustion; In combustion process during fuel shortage, open hopper cover 1 and add fuel to hopper 2, after interpolation, materials bucket cover 1 seals hopper, is rotated further crank 3 and drives auger 4 that biological particles is sent into burner hearth 15 gradually by feed pipe 5; Want completion of combustion, first stop in advance feeding in raw material toward hopper 2, then fully wind is rotated, particulate material remaining in feed pipe 5 is all delivered into burner hearth 15, close blower fan 9, Level Promoting pull bar 17 drives fire grate 12 horizontal motion, and slag or unburnt particle fall into except ash bucket 18 from fire grate 12, removes slag or unburnt particle finally by except ash bucket 18.

Claims (4)

1. the biomass particle burner with igniter, comprise burner hearth (15), fire grate (12), band hopper (2) feed pipe (5), burn total ajutage (6) and breeze fan (9), be provided with auger (4) in feed pipe (5), it is characterized in that: described particle combustor is also containing igniter and pressure ventilation pipe (14); Igniter contains igniter (10), igniting blower fan (16) and igniting ajutage (7); The inner one end near burner hearth (15) of igniting ajutage (7) is located at by described igniter (10); One end of pressure ventilation pipe (14) is connected with hopper (2), and the other end is communicated with the total ajutage of described burning (6); The total ajutage of described burning (6) is divided into an ajutage (6a) and secondary blast pipe (6b), one time ajutage (6a) is connected with an air compartment (13), and secondary blast pipe (6b) is connected with secondary blast room (8).
2. a kind of biomass particle burner with igniter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fire grate (12) is with the pull bar that can move horizontally (17).
3. a kind of biomass particle burner with igniter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described igniter (10) is resistive heater element.
4. a kind of biomass particle burner with igniter according to claim 1,2 or 3, is characterized in that: be provided with air-valve (11) in a described ajutage (6a).
CN201520416344.0U 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Take ignition's living beings granule combustor Active CN204829880U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520416344.0U CN204829880U (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Take ignition's living beings granule combustor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520416344.0U CN204829880U (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Take ignition's living beings granule combustor

Publications (1)

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CN204829880U true CN204829880U (en) 2015-12-02

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106196007A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 浙江洲博科技有限公司 A kind of particle burning machine
CN110375308A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-25 中国科学院广州能源研究所 The processing method of the irregular form organic solid castoff of low-density
CN112413889A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-26 湖南省农友盛泰农业科技有限公司 Hot-blast furnace ignition and hot-blast furnace

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106196007A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 浙江洲博科技有限公司 A kind of particle burning machine
CN106196007B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-12-14 浙江洲博科技有限公司 A kind of particle burning machine
CN110375308A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-25 中国科学院广州能源研究所 The processing method of the irregular form organic solid castoff of low-density
CN110375308B (en) * 2019-07-03 2020-07-28 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Method for treating low-density irregular-form organic solid waste
CN112413889A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-26 湖南省农友盛泰农业科技有限公司 Hot-blast furnace ignition and hot-blast furnace

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