CN207849354U - A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace - Google Patents

A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207849354U
CN207849354U CN201721483618.3U CN201721483618U CN207849354U CN 207849354 U CN207849354 U CN 207849354U CN 201721483618 U CN201721483618 U CN 201721483618U CN 207849354 U CN207849354 U CN 207849354U
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China
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furnace
chamber
electric drive
biomass combustion
stage firing
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CN201721483618.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王自勇
许兰贵
王洁
林叶繁
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Henan New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Henan New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace, including feed bin and furnace body, the feed bin is set to the side of furnace body, and feed bin lower part is equipped with first-stage firing chamber, and first-stage firing chamber is equipped with the air inlet duct being connected to outside;The feed bin includes superposed hopper and the burning frame positioned at lower part, and hopper upper end opening, hopper lower end is connect with burning frame;The burning frame is suspended in single-stage combustion room;The furnace body is equipped with the furnace chamber being connected to first-stage firing chamber, and furnace chamber top is connected with chimney.The biomass combustion furnace of this programme makes full use of the draft of chimney to be pumped into extraneous air in first-stage firing chamber and secondary firing room by air inlet duct without electric power air blast, to ensure the completely burned of biomass fuel.Electric energy is can save energy, it is applied widely, have the advantages that economic and environment-friendly.

Description

A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnaces, belong to biomass combustion equipment technical field.
Background technology
The existing energy is generally based on coal, oil, natural gas etc., and with a large amount of consumption of the energy, the energy can be increasingly It is in short supply.In the case of energy shortages, people urgently need new energy to replace coal, oil, natural gas etc..New energy includes wind Energy, solar energy, biomass etc., wherein biomass energy mainly including agricultural crop straw etc., agricultural crop straw have quantity it is more, at This low advantage has been widely used.Agricultural crop straw is processed into granular biomass fuel, and burning is to carry in combustion furnace For energy.Biomass fuel requires height just to can guarantee biology only under sufficient oxygen supply condition in burning, to oxygen-supplying amount Matter fuel completely burned in combustion furnace.Already existing biomass combustion furnace in the prior art is by electric drive Air blower is to carrying out forced-air blast in combustion furnace, to ensure sufficient oxygen-supplying amount.On the one hand, using the biomass fuel of electric power air blast It burns stove and certainly exists the requirement to power supply, therefore its applicable place is very limited;On the other hand, it is persistently roused using electric power Wind brings larger power consumption, increases use cost.
Invention content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnaces, to solve the above problems, specifically Scheme is:
A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace, including feed bin and furnace body, the feed bin is under the side of furnace body, feed bin Portion is equipped with first-stage firing chamber, and first-stage firing chamber is equipped with the air inlet duct being connected to outside;The feed bin includes superposed hopper With the burning frame positioned at lower part, hopper upper end opening, hopper lower end is connect with burning frame;The burning frame is suspended in single-stage combustion It is indoor;The furnace body is equipped with the furnace chamber being connected to first-stage firing chamber, and furnace chamber top is connected with chimney.
Further, the burning frame is metal mount structure.
Further, it is described burning frame side or bottom and first-stage firing chamber between be installed with spacing, the spacing with into Air duct is connected to furnace chamber.
Further, the lower part of the first-stage firing chamber is equipped with secondary combustion chamber, secondary combustion chamber and air inlet duct and level-one Combustion chamber.
Further, the air inlet duct is located at the side of hopper.
Further, the fiery storehouse of transparent sight is connected between the furnace chamber and chimney.
Further, the transparent shape for seeing fiery storehouse is cylindrical or prismatic.
Further, transparent fiery storehouse and the junction of furnace chamber seen is installed with secondary oxygen feeder.
Further, transparent fiery storehouse and the junction of chimney seen is installed with oxygen feeder three times.
Further, the lower section of the furnace chamber is equipped with heavy grey room.
The beneficial point of the utility model is, the biomass combustion furnace of this programme is without electric power air blast, but fully Extraneous air is pumped by air inlet duct in first-stage firing chamber and secondary firing room using the draft of chimney, to ensure biomass fuel Completely burned.
Since stack draught size is determined by chimney height, the application range of biomass combustion furnace deposits its chimney height In considerable restraint, therefore also limit draft size.Traditional combustion furnace structure is due to using electric power forced-air blast, thus at it It need not consider influence of the duct resistance size to air-flow in air inlet duct design.And only air feed is being carried out using limited stack draught When, which determines that can volume of air supply meet combustion requirements by direct.
In traditional combustion stove, fuel is to be directly entered in combustion chamber to burn, on the one hand, a large amount of biomass fuels Into in combustion chamber, the blocking of gas channel is necessarily caused, intake is influenced;On the other hand, biomass fuel is directly burning It is small with effective contact area of air when Indoor Combustion, it is difficult to ensure fully burning.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, this programme, which uses, is suspended in burning of the indoor burning mount structure as biomass fuel of burning Storehouse has channel of enough useful spaces as air circulation in combustion chamber, it is ensured that chimney generates enough extraneous air Enough suction forces;Moreover, burning mount structure can guarantee that biomass fuel has multiple contact surfaces with air-flow.The combination of above-mentioned design It can guarantee the abundant burning of biomass fuel.
Burned flame enters the fiery storehouse of transparent sight by furnace chamber, can intuitively observe flame situation.
First-stage firing chamber and secondary combustion chamber are divided in combustion chamber, to ensure that being mingled with tiny fuel in the ashes after single-stage combustion exists Combustion chamber internal combustion is burnt down entirely, prevents excessive nitrogen oxides.
It sees the upper and lower positions Huo Cang and secondary oxygen feeder and three times oxygen feeder is set, repeatedly catalysis burning can be carried out to flue gas, Make burning more fully, discharge it is more environmentally friendly.Also ensure that flue gas is close to zero in the fiery storehouse of sight, preferably sees the fire of flowing simultaneously Flame is realized and sees fiery purpose.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Specific implementation mode
A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace as shown in Figure 1, including feed bin and furnace body, the feed bin are set to furnace body Side, feed bin lower part are equipped with first-stage firing chamber 4, and first-stage firing chamber 4 is equipped with the air inlet duct being connected to outside;The feed bin includes position Hopper 1 in top and the burning frame 3 positioned at lower part, 1 upper end opening of hopper, opening are equipped with hopper lid;1 lower end of hopper and combustion Frame 3 is burnt to connect;The burning frame 3 is suspended in first-stage firing chamber 4;The furnace body is equipped with the furnace chamber being connected to first-stage firing chamber 4 9,9 top of furnace chamber is connected with chimney 14.
The burning frame 3 is metal mount structure.It stays and sets between the side or bottom and first-stage firing chamber 4 of the burning frame 3 There is spacing, which is connected to air inlet duct and furnace chamber 9.The lower part of the first-stage firing chamber 4 is equipped with secondary combustion chamber 5, two level combustion Room 5 is burnt to be connected to air inlet duct and first-stage firing chamber 4.The air inlet duct is located at the side of hopper 1, specifically may be selected to be set to hopper 1 rear side or the left and right sides, the present embodiment are the rear sides that air inlet duct is set to hopper 1, and hopper 1 is straight with secondary combustion chamber 5 Lead in succession, several air admission holes, first-stage firing chamber 4 are offered set on 4 side of first-stage firing chamber on 5 top of secondary combustion chamber and bottom It is connected to secondary combustion chamber 5 by air admission hole.Transparent sight fire storehouse 12 is connected between the furnace chamber 9 and chimney 14.It is described transparent The shape for seeing fiery storehouse 12 is cylindrical or prismatic.The fiery storehouse 12 of transparent sight and the junction of furnace chamber 9 are installed with secondary into oxygen Mouth 10.Transparent fiery storehouse 12 and the junction of chimney 14 seen is installed with oxygen feeder 13 three times.The lower section of the furnace chamber 9 is equipped with heavy Grey room 77.
Hopper 1, burning frame 3, first-stage firing chamber 4, secondary combustion chamber 5, the fiery storehouse 12 of transparent sight, chimney 14 in the present embodiment It is all made of independently detachable structure, convenient for transhipment and assembling.
The biomass combustion furnace of the present embodiment makes full use of the draft of chimney 14 will be external without electric power air blast Air is pumped by air inlet duct in first-stage firing chamber 4 and secondary combustion chamber 5, to ensure the completely burned of biomass fuel.
In use, the soft biomass material that will ignite is put into burning frame 3, biomass is gradually filled from hopper 1 after lighting Fuel, since bottom of combustion chamber air themperature rises, density becomes smaller, the pressure lower edge of hot-air normal atmosphere (An) in feed bin 1 Catch fire furnace chamber 9, sight storehouse 12, chimney 14, and stove is discharged.Biomass fuel is lighted completely in frame 3 to be combusted, and hopper 1 is filled it up with life Biomass fuel closes hopper lid.Air enters two level from front and back left three face of secondary combustion chamber 5 respectively from air inlet duct after hopper 1 The preheating of combustion chamber 5 reaches first-stage firing chamber 4 and is mixed and burned with biomass.Flame is by the port of furnace chamber 9, in the negative of chimney 14 Under pressure effect, furnace chamber 9 is sprayed into, flame burns across furnace chamber 9 into catalysis is obtained when seeing fiery storehouse 12 at secondary oxygen feeder 10, by Do not have the combustible gas of completely burned to carry out second-time burning, when flame enters chimney 14 behind sight fire storehouse 12 at oxygen feeder 13 three times Catalysis burning is obtained, the combustible gas for not having completely burned is burnt three times, to ensure biomass fuel completely burned, reaches row Put smokeless harmless environmental requirement.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace, including feed bin and furnace body, it is characterised in that:The feed bin is set to the side of furnace body Portion, feed bin lower part are equipped with first-stage firing chamber, and first-stage firing chamber is equipped with the air inlet duct being connected to outside;The feed bin includes positioned at upper The hopper in portion and burning frame positioned at lower part, hopper upper end opening, hopper lower end are connect with burning frame;The burning frame is suspended in In single-stage combustion room;The furnace body is equipped with the furnace chamber being connected to first-stage firing chamber, and furnace chamber top is connected with chimney.
2. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The burning frame is metal Mount structure.
3. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The side of the burning frame Or spacing is installed between bottom and first-stage firing chamber, which is connected to air inlet duct and furnace chamber.
4. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first-stage firing chamber Lower part is equipped with secondary combustion chamber, and secondary combustion chamber is connected to air inlet duct and first-stage firing chamber.
5. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The air inlet duct is located at material The side of case.
6. according to a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace of claim 1 ~ 5 any one of them, it is characterised in that:The furnace chamber The fiery storehouse of transparent sight is connected between chimney.
7. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fiery storehouse of transparent sight Shape is cylindrical or prismatic.
8. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fiery storehouse of the transparent sight with The junction of furnace chamber is installed with secondary oxygen feeder.
9. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fiery storehouse of the transparent sight with The junction of chimney is installed with oxygen feeder three times.
10. a kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The lower section of the furnace chamber Equipped with heavy grey room.
CN201721483618.3U 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace Active CN207849354U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721483618.3U CN207849354U (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721483618.3U CN207849354U (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 A kind of non-electric drive biomass combustion furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207849354U true CN207849354U (en) 2018-09-11

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GR20190100105A (en) * 2019-03-01 2020-10-14 Χαραλαμπος Χριστοφορου Σταμπουλιδης Electricity-free biomass stove/boiler
GR20200100144A (en) * 2020-03-19 2021-10-13 Χαραλαμπος Χριστοφορου Σταμπουλιδης Pellet heater operating without electricity

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GR20190100105A (en) * 2019-03-01 2020-10-14 Χαραλαμπος Χριστοφορου Σταμπουλιδης Electricity-free biomass stove/boiler
GR20200100144A (en) * 2020-03-19 2021-10-13 Χαραλαμπος Χριστοφορου Σταμπουλιδης Pellet heater operating without electricity

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