CN105371304A - Multipurpose biomass combustion furnace for steaming and heating - Google Patents

Multipurpose biomass combustion furnace for steaming and heating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105371304A
CN105371304A CN201410423619.3A CN201410423619A CN105371304A CN 105371304 A CN105371304 A CN 105371304A CN 201410423619 A CN201410423619 A CN 201410423619A CN 105371304 A CN105371304 A CN 105371304A
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China
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tube
heat exchanger
air distribution
core
pipe
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CN201410423619.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105371304B (en
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李崇杰
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李崇杰
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Publication of CN105371304B publication Critical patent/CN105371304B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multipurpose biomass combustion furnace for steaming and heating. The multipurpose biomass combustion furnace comprises a hopper, a combustor, a heat exchanger and a dust remover. The hopper is arranged on the upper portion of the combustor through a material distribution pipe. Fuel enters the combustor from the hopper to be combusted, is subjected to primary heat exchange and secondary heat exchange through the heat exchanger and then enters the dust remover, and waste gas dust removing is carried out after waste heat recovery. Biomass particles are adopted as fuel, the thorough combustion rate is 96%, and residual ash can be used as farmyard manure to be directly backed to the field; the multipurpose biomass combustion furnace achieves digital control and full-automatic combustion; a lower feeding manner is adopted; fuel is combusted from the center to the periphery; the furnace can be converted into a heating control mode when the steaming function is not needed; pollution and energy consumption are reduced; the combustion furnace can be set to run at a low temperature when no one appears; the lowest temperature of indoor water pipes and other easily-frozen objects is guaranteed; and energy consumption is reduced.

Description

A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heating equipment, specifically a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace.
Background technology
Existing boiling heating stove many employings coal, natural gas, oil gas, oil do fuel, and adopt coal to do fuel and produce very large dust pollution, coal slag cannot rationally process, and burn fossil non-renewable energy resources cause CO2 emission to increase; Boiling heating function is independent, can not accomplish a tractor serves several purposes, waste very large usage space; Not intelligentized control method burning, cause very large waste of fuel, add the discharge of greenhouse gases and dust, cause PM2.5 to increase.Agricultural crop straw in all parts of the country privately burns and causes air PM2.5 to produce in a large number, and the agricultural crop straw of burn incompletely produces a large amount of dust smog, causes very large potential safety hazard to traffic civil aviaton etc.Country's appearance policy stalk is forbidden burning, and accomplish to reclaim or landfill disposal, and in practical operation, because stalk cannot bring benefits, a lot of peasant burns privately.Advance stalk to reclaim and make biomass fuel, for increasing peasant income, a large amount of uses of environmental protection equipment will be promoted, biomass combustion can accomplish " zero " discharge carbon dioxide, biomass growth needs how many carbon dioxide, just discharge how many carbon dioxide after burning, accomplished " zero " discharge relatively, reduced the discharge of carbon dioxide greenhouse gas and respirable dust particle PM2.5.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace of a kind of intelligentized control method, a tractor serves several purposes, it is characterized in that, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, comprise hopper, burner, heat exchanger and deduster, described burner comprises materail tube, batching pipe, matching air box and tray for combustion, described batching pipe upper right is offered to have with the sub-feed tube below hopper and is connected small through hole, batching pipe inside is provided with material blending auger, on the left of batching pipe, material blending auger supporting axis bearing is installed, on the right side of batching pipe, material blending auger bearing is installed, materail tube is connected by material blanking tube below batching pipe, materail tube inside is provided with feeding auger, matching air box is connected on the left of materail tube, feeding auger bearing is connected with on the right side of materail tube, on the right side of feeding auger bearing and material blending auger bearing, motor locking seat is installed, the front of matching air box is provided with gas-distributing fan, the front of materail tube is provided with feeding fan, on the left of described matching air box, below is provided with the ajutage connecting tray for combustion, on the left of matching air box, top is provided with the secondary blast pipe connecting air distribution inner core, air distribution inner tube installation is above tray for combustion, and be provided with igniter bottom tray for combustion, secondary blast hole is offered respectively at air distribution inner core side, three wind pushing holes.
Described heat exchanger comprises air distribution urceolus, heat exchange inner core and heat exchanger tube, below described air distribution urceolus, lower shrouding is installed, on the right side of air distribution urceolus, flange is installed, air distribution outer barrel is provided with many heat exchanger tubes, air distribution urceolus right side opening is provided with large through-hole, an ajutage and secondary blast Guan Jun extend in air distribution urceolus by this large through-hole, tray for combustion is arranged on below heat exchanger tube, air distribution inner tube installation is in the middle of heat exchanger tube, heat exchanger tube connects heat exchange inner core by rear shrouding, between heat exchanger tube and air distribution inner core, shrouding is installed, above heat exchange inner core, upper sealing plate is installed, upper sealing plate is provided with dust removal brush.
Described deduster comprises dust cleaning case, dedusting fan and water atomization dust removing tube, the breather pipe connecting heat exchanger is installed on the right side of dust cleaning case, described dedusting fan is arranged on dust cleaning case inside, dust cleaning case top is provided with secondary heat exchange pipe, secondary heat exchange pipe top is provided with the installing plate of band through hole, described water atomization dust removing tube is arranged on above installing plate, is provided with residue and pushes auger bottom dust cleaning case.
As the further scheme of the present invention: be provided with decompressor in described hopper.
As the present invention's further scheme: described heat exchanger tube is covered with air distribution outer tube inner wall.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention adopts biological particles as fuel, firing out rate is 96%, residue ash can do farm manure and directly go back to field, be digital control automatic burning multipurpose biomass combustion furnace, adopt lower feeding style, fuel burns from center to surrounding, working method is that Single-chip Controlling temperature is arranged, control system uses pid control mode to control leaving water temperature, with the speed of the mode control combustion device of closed-loop control and inventory, can be transformed into heating control model when not using cooking function; By lambda sensor monitoring bio matter combustion case, insufficiently will control air distribution and pay-off as burnt, and making to run under most economical state, decreasing pollution and energy consumption; Can timing and long-range remote control function under heating pattern, the network interface of combustion furnace accesses network and realizes Remote, by webpage or cell-phone customer terminal APP remote monitoring and remote control combustion furnace; Combustion furnace cold operation can be set in unmanned situation, ensure that indoor water pipe etc. easily freezes article minimum temperature, reduce energy resource consumption.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of burner in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of feeding auger in burner in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of heat exchanger in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of deduster in the present invention.
In figure: 1-materail tube; 2-tray for combustion; 3-ajutage; 4-matching air box; 5-secondary blast pipe; 6-air distribution inner core; 7-material blanking tube; 8-feeding auger bearing; 9-prepares burden pipe; 10-material blending auger; 11-material blending auger bearing; 12-material blending auger supporting axis bearing; 13-motor locking seat; 14-gas-distributing fan; 15-feeding fan; 16-feeding auger; 17-air distribution urceolus; 18-shrouding; 19-heat exchange inner core; Shrouding after 20-; 21-heat exchanger tube; Shrouding under 22-; 23-upper sealing plate; 24-flange; 25-dust removal brush; 26-dust cleaning case; 27-dedusting fan; 28-water atomization dust removing tube; 29-residue pushes auger; 30-secondary heat exchange pipe; 31-breather pipe, 32-hopper; 33-sub-feed tube.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1 ~ 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, comprise hopper 32, burner, heat exchanger and deduster, hopper 32 is arranged on burner top by sub-feed tube 33, fuel enters burner from hopper 32 and burns, then carries out entering in deduster after a heat exchange and secondary heat exchange through heat exchanger, carries out waste gas dedusting again through waste heat recovery.
Refer to him and want 2 ~ 3, described burner comprises materail tube 1, batching pipe 9, matching air box 4 and tray for combustion 2, described batching pipe 9 upper right offers the small through hole be connected with the sub-feed tube 33 below hopper 32, batching pipe 9 inside is provided with material blending auger 10, on the left of batching pipe 9, material blending auger supporting axis bearing 12 is installed, ensure that the position of material blending auger 10 is accurate, on the right side of batching pipe 9, material blending auger bearing 11 is installed, materail tube 1 is connected by material blanking tube 7 below batching pipe 9, materail tube 1 inside is provided with feeding auger 16, matching air box 4 is connected on the left of materail tube 1, feeding auger bearing 8 is connected with on the right side of materail tube 1, on the right side of feeding auger bearing 8 and material blending auger bearing 11, motor locking seat 13 is installed, the front of matching air box 4 is provided with gas-distributing fan 14, the front of materail tube 1 is provided with feeding fan 15, on the left of described matching air box 4, below is provided with the ajutage 3 connecting tray for combustion 2, on the left of matching air box 4, top is provided with the secondary blast pipe 5 connecting air distribution inner core 6, air distribution inner core 6 is arranged on the top of tray for combustion 2, and be provided with igniter bottom tray for combustion 2, secondary blast hole is offered respectively at air distribution inner core 6 side, three wind pushing holes.
Fuel enters sub-feed tube 33 from hopper 32, decompressor is provided with in hopper 32, the pressure that the generation of multipair material blending auger 10 once thrown in by fuel can be reduced, fuel in sub-feed tube 33 is pushed to material blanking tube 7 by material blending auger 10, fuel falls into materail tube 1 through material blanking tube 7, materail tube 1 inside feeding auger 16 push material, feeding auger 16 adopts horizontal mode feeding, at utmost reduce device height, the oblique upper feeding of anterior employing miter angle degree, fuel is sent from center to tray for combustion 2, by automatically controlling to light, matching air box 4 passes through gas-distributing fan 14 and sends into fresh air, be three road air-flows ajutage 3 internal distribution, two-way realizes once blowing below tray for combustion 2, once air-supply is anoxycausis, make living beings maximum gasification under anaerobic condition, secondary blast pipe 5 of separately leading up to is sent to the hollow position of air distribution inner core 6, and the fuel realizing anoxycausis is at the position Thorough combustion of secondary blast hole and three wind pushing holes.
Refer to Fig. 4, heat exchanger comprises air distribution urceolus 17, heat exchange inner core 19 and heat exchanger tube 21, below described air distribution urceolus 17, lower shrouding 22 is installed, flange 24 is installed on the right side of air distribution urceolus 17, air distribution urceolus 17 inside is provided with many heat exchanger tubes 21, air distribution urceolus 17 right side opening is provided with large through-hole, an ajutage 3 and secondary blast pipe 5 all extend in air distribution urceolus 17 by this large through-hole, tray for combustion 2 is arranged on below heat exchanger tube 21, air distribution inner core 6 is arranged in the middle of heat exchanger tube 21, heat exchanger tube 21 connects heat exchange inner core 19 by rear shrouding 20, shrouding 18 is installed between heat exchanger tube 21 and air distribution inner core 6, upper sealing plate 23 is installed above heat exchange inner core 19, upper sealing plate 23 is provided with dust removal brush 25.
Full combustion of fuel in burner, heat is applied directly to heating object bottom surface, reaches the requirement of the materials such as heating water, and hot gas is run downwards by the gap of air distribution urceolus 17 with heat exchange inner core 19, and the water in heating heat exchange inner core 19, reaches a heat exchange; Hot gas runs to exchanger base, and under the effect of breeze fan 15, hot gas is upwards run by heat exchanger tube 21, reaches secondary heat exchange; Upper sealing plate 7 on heat exchanger can be made into without endoporus mode, be single heating system without this stove and accessory of endoporus mode, upper sealing plate of the present invention is porose shrouding, cooking can be adapted to, and dust removal brush 25 is installed in heat exchanger, within the time of setting, pull realization to move up and down by motor, complete the effect of removing heat exchange inner core 19 sidewall dust, reduce ashes absorption heat exchanger, reduce heat exchange efficiency impact.
Refer to Fig. 5, deduster comprises dust cleaning case 26, dedusting fan 27 and water atomization dust removing tube 29, the breather pipe 31 connecting heat exchanger is installed on the right side of dust cleaning case 26, dedusting fan 27 is arranged on dust cleaning case inside, dust cleaning case 26 top is provided with secondary heat exchange pipe 30, secondary heat exchange pipe 30 top is provided with the installing plate of band through hole, described water atomization dust removing tube 29 is arranged on above installing plate, water atomization dust removing tube 29 is auto spraying dedusting when ensureing dedusting and humidity, the mixture of dust and water deposits to bottom dust cleaning case, residue is installed bottom dust cleaning case 26 and pushes auger 29, residue pushes auger 29 and is pushed in dust-collecting box by the mixture of the water of the dust accumulated in dust cleaning case 26 and water.
Hot air temperature through heat exchanger is higher than return water temperature a lot, when hot gas runs to heat exchange inner core 19 inside, dust cleaning case 26 is entered under the effect of dedusting fan 27, hot gas is by the secondary heat exchange pipe 30 of dust cleaning case 26 inside, the low-temperature return water that the Yu Wenyu of hot gas enters dust cleaning case 26 carries out heat exchange, reach three heat exchange of preheating low-temperature return water, avoid the energy waste directly caused by hot air discharge.
The present invention adopts biological particles as fuel, firing out rate 96%, residue ash can do farm manure and directly go back to field, be digital control automatic burning multipurpose biomass combustion furnace, adopt lower feeding style, fuel burns from center to surrounding, working method is that Single-chip Controlling temperature is arranged, control system uses pid control mode to control leaving water temperature, with the speed of the mode control combustion device of closed-loop control and inventory, can be transformed into heating control model when not using cooking function; By lambda sensor monitoring bio matter combustion case, insufficiently will control air distribution and pay-off as burnt, and making to run under most economical state, decreasing pollution and energy consumption; Can timing and long-range remote control function under heating pattern, the network interface of combustion furnace accesses network and realizes Remote, by webpage or cell-phone customer terminal APP remote monitoring and remote control combustion furnace; Combustion furnace cold operation can be set in unmanned situation, ensure that indoor water pipe etc. easily freezes article minimum temperature, reduce energy resource consumption.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.Any Reference numeral in claim should be considered as the claim involved by limiting.

Claims (3)

1. a boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace, comprise hopper (32), burner, heat exchanger and deduster, it is characterized in that, described burner comprises materail tube (1), batching pipe (9), matching air box (4) and tray for combustion (2), described batching pipe (9) upper right offers the small through hole be connected with the sub-feed tube (33) of hopper (32) below, batching pipe (9) inside is provided with material blending auger (10), batching pipe (9) left side is provided with material blending auger supporting axis bearing (12), batching pipe (9) right side is provided with material blending auger bearing (11), batching pipe (9) below connects materail tube (1) by material blanking tube (7), materail tube (1) inside is provided with feeding auger (16), materail tube (1) left side connects matching air box (4), materail tube (1) right side is connected with feeding auger bearing (8), feeding auger bearing (8) and material blending auger bearing (11) right side are provided with motor locking seat (13), the front of matching air box (4) is provided with gas-distributing fan (14), the front of materail tube (1) is provided with feeding motor (15), below, described matching air box (4) left side is provided with the ajutage (3) connecting tray for combustion (2), top, matching air box (4) left side is provided with the secondary blast pipe (5) connecting air distribution inner core (6), air distribution inner core (6) is arranged on the top of tray for combustion (2), and tray for combustion (2) bottom is provided with igniter, secondary blast hole is offered respectively at air distribution inner core (6) side, three wind pushing holes,
Described heat exchanger comprises air distribution urceolus (17), heat exchange inner core (19) and heat exchanger tube (21), described air distribution urceolus (17) below is provided with lower shrouding (22), air distribution urceolus (17) right side is provided with flange (24), air distribution urceolus (17) inside is provided with many heat exchanger tubes (21), air distribution urceolus (17) right side opening is provided with large through-hole, an ajutage (3) and secondary blast pipe (5) all extend in air distribution urceolus (17) by this large through-hole, tray for combustion (2) is arranged on heat exchanger tube (21) below, air distribution inner core (6) is arranged in the middle of heat exchanger tube (21), heat exchanger tube (21) connects heat exchange inner core (19) by rear shrouding (20), shrouding (18) is installed between heat exchanger tube (21) and air distribution inner core (6), heat exchange inner core (19) top is provided with upper sealing plate (23), upper sealing plate (23) is provided with dust removal brush (25),
Described deduster comprises dust cleaning case (26), dedusting fan (27) and water atomization dust removing tube (29), dust cleaning case (26) right side is provided with the breather pipe (31) connecting heat exchanger, described dedusting fan (27) is arranged on dust cleaning case inside, dust cleaning case (26) top is provided with secondary heat exchange pipe (30), secondary heat exchange pipe (30) top is provided with the installing plate of band through hole, described water atomization dust removing tube (29) is arranged on above installing plate, and dust cleaning case (26) bottom is provided with residue and pushes auger (29).
2. a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hopper is provided with decompressor in (32).
3. a kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heat exchanger tube (21) is covered with air distribution urceolus (17) inwall.
CN201410423619.3A 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace CN105371304B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410423619.3A CN105371304B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410423619.3A CN105371304B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

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CN105371304B CN105371304B (en) 2018-07-17

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721169A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic biofuel-combustion multipurpose furnace
CN202709435U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-30 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN203223939U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-10-02 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Numerical control biomass combustion furnace
WO2014070754A1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-08 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generation
CN203704342U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-07-09 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Full-automatic biomass fuel hot-blast stove
CN103968543A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel full-automatic chain type hot blast stove

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721169A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic biofuel-combustion multipurpose furnace
CN202709435U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-30 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace
WO2014070754A1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-08 Biolite Llc Portable combustion device utilizing thermoelectrical generation
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN203223939U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-10-02 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Numerical control biomass combustion furnace
CN203704342U (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-07-09 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Full-automatic biomass fuel hot-blast stove
CN103968543A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-08-06 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel full-automatic chain type hot blast stove

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