CN105360029B - Prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five - Google Patents

Prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five Download PDF

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CN105360029B
CN105360029B CN201510793496.7A CN201510793496A CN105360029B CN 105360029 B CN105360029 B CN 105360029B CN 201510793496 A CN201510793496 A CN 201510793496A CN 105360029 B CN105360029 B CN 105360029B
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shrimp
make
cultural method
japonicus
fed
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CN105360029A (en
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杨阳
邓登
詹玉春
杨金芳
向朝林
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Shenzhen Australia Group Limited by Share Ltd
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SHENZHEN ALPHA AGRICULTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to shrimp culture field, disclose a kind of prawn and make sustainable cultural method in 2 years five, be specifically:First to make be to raise together with Penaeus Vannmei and fish before and after Clear and Bright, second to make be to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed, 3rd make be put in a suitable place to breed around the Frost's Descent Penaeus Vannmei and before and after slight snow carry out winter canopy cultivation, 4th to make be to raise together with Penaeus Vannmei and fish before and after next year is clear and bright, and the 5th to make be to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed in next year.Aquaculture model biggest advantage of the present invention is stable yields.Shrimpfish Polyculture have high stability;Japonicus have high economic value;Winter canopy shrimp is all the time all because its stability and high yield are favored by raiser, the present invention combines these three outstanding aquaculture models, formulation reasonably puts seedling density, the set meal collocation of science and the daily management become more meticulous, the income of raiser can be increased substantially, the solution of system is provided for prawn culturing industry.

Description

Prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five
Technical field
The invention belongs to shrimp culture field, a kind of specifically prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five.
Background technology
Shrimp culture is the pillar industry of China or even whole world culture fishery.In the 1980s, prawn culturing The development of industry has driven the development of the culture fishery of China, promotes the economic development of coastal area, and driven littoral The synchronized development of the related industry chains such as area's nursery, bait production, refrigeration processing.Into the nineties, especially from 1992, due to Prawn virus disease is in all parts of the country to be spread, and aquatic products worker without suitable countermeasure, causes shrimp culture industry economic benefit one again Fall thousand zhang.Therefore, the new substitute species of prawn virus disease, exploration shrimp culture industry, new economy are studied intensively in waterman authors Behind growth point, the cultivation of Penaeus Vannmei is started.
Penaeus Vannmei propagates fast growth artificially, and 60 days i.e. up to listing specification;Proper salinity level is wide (0-40 ‰), The a variety of aquaculture models of pure fresh water, brackish water, seawater can be taken, can be grown from natural waterses to freshwater, so as to break Territory restriction, and tool high temperature resistant, premunition are strong;Feeding habits are miscellaneous, require low to forage protein, and 35% i.e. up to needed for growth;It is individual Body is big, the thin meat savoury of shell is beautiful.It is the fine quality of " sea shrimp is light to support ", it is cultivated territorial scope and expand.Turn into worldwide three One of big shrimps breed variety.
Influenceed, South China's shrimp culture industry is inflicted heavy losses on, produced by many factors such as disease, weather from 2012 Amount is declined to a great extent, and prawn culturing success rate only has 30%, and many areas are even annihilated, and much cultivate close quarters (such as platform River in Shangdong Province villages and small towns, Hai Yan towns, the red flag town of sluice gate, the Lian Xi towns on mountain) there is the phenomenon that large area pond is fallen into disuse, much cultivate practitioner It is forced to change one's profession.With the continuous deterioration of breeding environment, seedling is degenerated, the problems such as feed product quality decline, former pair Shrimp intensive culture pattern has been not suitable with breeding environment of today, therefore is badly in need of finding the road of the cultivation of a sustainable development.
The content of the invention
Sustainable cultural method is made it is an object of the invention to provide the prawn for improving cultivation success rate and income within 2 years five.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
Prawn makes sustainable cultural method for 2 years five, and the cultural method includes:First to make be by South America before and after Clear and Bright White shrimp and fish are raised together with, and second to make be to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed, and the 3rd to make be to put South America around the Frost's Descent in a suitable place to breed right in vain Shrimp simultaneously carries out winter canopy cultivation before and after slight snow, and the 4th to make be to raise together with Penaeus Vannmei and fish before and after next year is clear and bright, and the 5th makes It is to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed in next year.
Shrimp seedling, fry put the seedling time because cultivation area and weather conditions at that time and it is different, so described here is clear and bright, vertical Before and after autumn, the Frost's Descent, slight snow, the solar term same day is not limited to, it is understood that in front and rear a period of time of solar term, especially solar term In front and rear each 5 days can, the seedling time is specifically put according to factors such as place, temperature to adjust.
Further, the described first seedling amount of putting for making Penaeus Vannmei is 4.5~50,000/mu, and described second makes japonicus Put seedling amount for 8~120,000/mu, the described 3rd make Penaeus Vannmei put seedling amount for 15~200,000/mu, the described 4th makes South America The seedling amount of putting of white shrimp is 4.5~50,000/mu, and the described 5th seedling amount of putting for making japonicus is 8~120,000/mu.
Further, described first make, the 4th fish made is ominivore-fish and omnivorous inclined predacious fish.
Further, the ominivore-fish is Tilapia mossambica, and breeding density is 1300~1500/mu, described omnivorous inclined Predacious fish is golden pomfret, and breeding density is 250~500/mu.
Further, the feed that the cultural method is fed is:
S11, first are made and the safe and comfortable opening material of shrimp, 2~4cm of shrimp in the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, are fed during shrimp≤2cm When feed white shrimp broken material, the material of white shrimp 1 is fed during 4~6cm of shrimp, shrimpfish polyculture compound feed 2 is fed during 6~10cm of shrimp, Shrimpfish polyculture compound feed 3 is fed during shrimp >=10cm;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that the japonicus intensive culture pattern and the 3rd that S12, second, five make are made, thrown during shrimp≤2cm Feed shrimp safe and comfortable opening material, shrimp safe and comfortable broken material is fed during 2~4cm of shrimp, safe and comfortable No. 1 material of shrimp, 6~10cm of shrimp are fed during 4~6cm of shrimp When feed safe and comfortable No. 2 material of shrimp, shrimp safe and comfortable No. 2 material are fed during shrimp >=10cm.
Further, the cultural method includes feeding mode:
S21, first are made and in the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, fed daily four times, and the time is about 6:00、10:00、 14:00、18:00, look into material duration about 1.5h;
S22, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, are fed daily three times, the time is about 19:00、 23:00、3:00, look into material duration about 2h;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S23, the 3rd make, feed daily three times, the time is about 10:00、13:00、16: 00, look into material duration about 2.5h.
Further, the cultural method includes water quality management:
S31, first are made with the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, and cultivate the early stage precious and enzyme-added Li Shengbao water transfer of rich water, The later stage is cultivated with biological water purification treasured and the precious water transfer of shield water;
S32, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, with biological water purification treasured and the precious water transfer of shield water;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S33, the 3rd make, with the precious and enzyme-added Li Shengbao water transfer of rich water.
Cultivation early stage described here refers to shrimp≤10cm period, and the cultivation later stage refers to shrimp >=10cm period.
Further, the cultural method includes bottom material of pond for breeding processing:
S41, first are made with the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, and bottom material of pond for breeding is by being exposed to the sun and using lime disinfection;
S42, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, and bottom material of pond for breeding is by being exposed to the sun and cleaning;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S43, the 3rd make, bottom material of pond for breeding passes through lime disinfection.
Further, the cultural method also includes:
S51, first are made with the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, and are being cultivated when later stage shrimp grows to more than 8cm using urging Fertile set meal:Shrimp Ankang material of fattening mixes that positive intestines are precious and protect liver is precious, continuous to use 15 days;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that the japonicus intensive culture pattern and the 3rd that S52, second, five make are made, putting before seedling 2h makes Use bottoming set meal:The safe and comfortable opening material of one barrel of shrimp, one bottle of biological water purification treasured, bag shrimp crab vigor treasured, bag precious stress be mixed equal After even, splashed along the side of a pond;When shrimp grows to 5cm or so using turning liver set meal:Shrimp Ankang broken material mixes positive intestines treasured and protect liver is precious, Daily noon feeds a meal, continuously feeds 5~7 days.
Further, the 3rd Penaeus Vannmei made is to put thick into rower around the Frost's Descent in a suitable place to breed, is thrown again before and after slight snow It is put into the big pool cultivation for taking winter canopy.
Put every time before seedling, to carry out examination seedling:Sealed to sink to calculate after pool bottom, 24h with mesh bag by a part of shrimp seedling and survived Rate, to check whether shrimp seedling adapts to bottom material of pond for breeding.
The invention has the advantages that:
In the aquaculture model of the present invention, Fish-shrimp mix-culture is carried out in weather least stable stage, farthest reduction is supported Risk is grown, is made first after shrimp harvests, by being sufficiently exposed to the sun and thorough cleaning pool bottom, second makes culture japonicus, Japan Prawn requires high to aquatic environment, and being put around the Frost's Descent, Penaeus Vannmei mark is thick, and puts up winter canopy, after cultivating one month also It is to go out japonicus before and after slight snow solar term, by simple processing of cleaning up the pond, you can the thick good Penaeus Vannmei of mark is put into and taken In the good winter canopy pool, cultivation 4 months to Second Year the Ching Ming Festival before go out shrimp, shrimpfish can be proceeded with that and raised together with.
1st, the aquaculture model biggest advantage is stable yields.First, at present in make intensive culture Penaeus Vannmei disease heavy, Necessary improved stage has been arrived, and shrimpfish Polyculture has high stability;Secondly, japonicus have high warp Ji value, existing market price is the several times of Penaeus Vannmei, can in metastable two season of the summer and autumn Fed Penaeus japonicus of weather To reach maximization of economic benefit;Finally, winter canopy shrimp is all the time all because its stability and high yield are favored by raiser, Therefore, these three outstanding aquaculture models are combined, formulates and reasonably put seedling density, the set meal of science is arranged in pairs or groups and fine The daily management of change, can increase substantially the income of raiser, and the solution of system is provided for prawn culturing industry.
2nd, cultivation success rate is improved.Generally it is difficult under successful background in prawn culturing, can be reduced using the aquaculture model The probability of disease outburst, greatly improves prawn culturing success rate.
3rd, increase cultivation income.Relatively current culture benefit has greatly improved, and is especially raised on a household basis in many cultivation In the case of growing failure, this set pattern has higher return rate.
4th, prawn culturing industry benign development is promoted.For a long time, because prawn culturing success rate is low, raiser, sell The evil of the difficult receipts-mismanagement-reduction quality of debt-cultivation failure is formd between business and feed producer, seedling, pharmacy Property circulation, because this set pattern can be greatly improved cultivation survival rate, increase the economic benefit of raiser, therefore help lend some impetus to Industry benign development.
Embodiment
The prawn of the present invention makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five, is carried out according to the condition of below table:
Table 1 puts the seedling time
Batch First makes Second makes 3rd makes 4th makes 5th makes
Penaeus Vannmei April 4~6 October 23~24 April 4~6 next year
Japonicus August 7~9 days Next year August 7~9 days
Note:Put every time before seedling, to carry out examination seedling:Sealed to sink to after pool bottom, 24h with mesh bag by a part of shrimp seedling and calculated Survival rate, to check whether shrimp seedling adapts to bottom material of pond for breeding.
3rd make put Penaeus Vannmei and first to mark slightly, and winter canopy is put up, namely in slight snow after cultivation one month Before and after gas, you can the thick good Penaeus Vannmei of mark is put into the winter canopy pool put up.
Table 2 puts seedling density
Batch First makes Second makes 3rd makes 4th makes 5th makes
Penaeus Vannmei 4.5~50,000/mu 15~200,000/mu 4.5~50,000/mu
Japonicus 8~120,000/mu 8~120,000/mu
First, fourth fish made is ominivore-fish and omnivorous inclined predacious fish, and the preferred Tilapia mossambica of ominivore-fish is put in a suitable place to breed Density is 1300~1500/mu, and the omnivorous inclined preferred golden pomfret of predacious fish, breeding density is 250~500/mu.
The feed that table 3 is fed
Above feed, is the commercially produced product registered and put goods on the market.
Table 4 cultivates the supplement feeding of key point
Set meal of fattening is used when cultivation later stage shrimp grows to more than 8cm:Shrimp Ankang material of fattening mixes that positive intestines are precious and protect liver Treasured, it is continuous to use 15 days;
Bottoming set meal is to put before seedling 2h to use:By the safe and comfortable opening material of one barrel of shrimp, one bottle of biological water purification treasured, bag shrimp crab vigor After a precious, bag precious stress be well mixed, splashed along the side of a pond;
Turning liver set meal is used when shrimp grows to 5cm or so:Shrimp Ankang broken material mixes that positive intestines are precious and protect liver is precious, daily in Noon feeds a meal, continuously feeds 5~7 days.
Table 5 feeds mode and water quality management
The processing of the bottom material of pond for breeding of table 6
Batch Processing method
First, fourth makes By being exposed to the sun and using lime disinfection
Secondth, five make By being exposed to the sun and cleaning
3rd makes By lime disinfection
The method of embodiment 1~4 respectively more than is carried out, and yield is as shown in the table:
As seen from the above table, embodiment 1~4 all obtains success, does not occur large-scale disease;Fishes and shrimps stable yield, Obtain cultivation income well.
The foregoing is only a specific embodiment of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Belong to those skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, the change or replacement that can be readily occurred in, all should It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be defined by scope of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five, it is characterised in that the cultural method includes:First to make be before Clear and Bright Penaeus Vannmei and fish are raised together with afterwards, second to make be to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed, the 3rd to make put in a suitable place to breed around the Frost's Descent Penaeus Vannmei simultaneously carries out winter canopy cultivation before and after slight snow, and the 4th to make be to mix Penaeus Vannmei and fish before and after next year is clear and bright Support, the 5th to make be to put japonicus around the beginning of autumn in a suitable place to breed in next year;Described first make Penaeus Vannmei put seedling amount for 4.5~50,000/ Mu, described second make japonicus put seedling amount for 8~120,000/mu, the described 3rd make Penaeus Vannmei put seedling amount for 15~ 200000/mu, the described 4th make Penaeus Vannmei put seedling amount for 4.5~50,000/mu, the described 5th make japonicus put seedling amount For 8~120,000/mu;Described first makes, the 4th fish made is ominivore-fish and omnivorous inclined predacious fish;It is described omnivorous Property fish be Tilapia mossambica, breeding density be 1300~1500/mu, the omnivorous inclined predacious fish be golden pomfret, put close in a suitable place to breed Spend for 250~500/mu.
2. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the feed that the cultural method is fed is:
S11, first are made and shrimp safe and comfortable opening material in the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, are fed during shrimp≤2cm, are thrown during 2~4cm of shrimp White shrimp broken material is fed, the material of white shrimp 1 is fed during 4~6cm of shrimp, shrimpfish polyculture compound feed 2 is fed during 6~10cm of shrimp, shrimp >= Shrimpfish polyculture compound feed 3 is fed during 10cm;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that the japonicus intensive culture pattern and the 3rd that S12, second, five make are made, shrimp is fed during shrimp≤2cm Safe and comfortable opening material, feeds shrimp safe and comfortable broken material during 2~4cm of shrimp, shrimp safe and comfortable No. 1 material is fed during 4~6cm of shrimp, is thrown during 6~10cm of shrimp Feed shrimp safe and comfortable No. 2 material, shrimp safe and comfortable No. 2 material are fed during shrimp >=10cm.
3. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultural method includes feeding mode:
S21, first are made and in the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, fed daily four times, and the time is 6:00、10:00、14:00、 18:00, look into a length of 1.5h during material;
S22, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, are fed daily three times, the time is 19:00、23:00、3: 00, look into a length of 2h during material;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S23, the 3rd make, feed daily three times, the time is 10:00、13:00、16:00, when looking into material A length of 2.5h.
4. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultural method includes water quality management:
S31, first are made and in the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, cultivate the early stage precious and enzyme-added Li Shengbao water transfer of rich water, cultivation Later stage is with biological water purification treasured and protects the precious water transfer of water;
S32, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, with biological water purification treasured and the precious water transfer of shield water;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S33, the 3rd make, with the precious and enzyme-added Li Shengbao water transfer of rich water.
5. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultural method includes bottom material of pond for breeding processing:
S41, first are made with the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, and bottom material of pond for breeding is by being exposed to the sun and using lime disinfection;
S42, second are made in the japonicus intensive culture pattern made with the 5th, and bottom material of pond for breeding is by being exposed to the sun and cleaning;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that S43, the 3rd make, bottom material of pond for breeding passes through lime disinfection.
6. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultural method also includes:
S51, first are made with the 4th shrimpfish Polyculture made, and are being cultivated when later stage shrimp grows to more than 8cm using set of fattening Meal:Shrimp Ankang material of fattening mixes that positive intestines are precious and protect liver is precious, continuous to use 15 days;
In the winter canopy shrimp aquaculture pattern that the japonicus intensive culture pattern and the 3rd that S52, second, five make are made, put before seedling 2h uses and beat Bottom set meal:After the safe and comfortable opening material of one barrel of shrimp, one bottle of biological water purification treasured, bag shrimp crab vigor treasured, bag precious stress be well mixed, Splashed along the side of a pond;When shrimp grows to 5cm using turning liver set meal:Shrimp Ankang broken material mixes positive intestines treasured and protect liver is precious, daily noon A meal is fed, is continuously fed 5~7 days.
7. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that before and after the 3rd Penaeus Vannmei made is the Frost's Descent Put thick into rower in a suitable place to breed, deliver the big pool cultivation for taking winter canopy again before and after slight snow.
CN201510793496.7A 2015-11-17 2015-11-17 Prawn makes sustainable cultural method in 2 years five Active CN105360029B (en)

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CN105815240A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-08-03 海南文昌利洋对虾繁育有限公司 Original pond cultivating method of young shrimps of penaeus vannamei
CN106212328B (en) * 2016-07-15 2020-04-07 汕头市海洋与水产研究所 Method for overwintering cultivation of 2-generation litopenaeus vannamei by utilizing greenhouse
CN106719160A (en) * 2017-01-21 2017-05-31 福建澳华农牧科技有限公司 A kind of Fish-shrimp mix-culture method
CN113711961B (en) * 2021-08-30 2023-04-11 深圳市澳华集团股份有限公司 Culture box for shrimp graded culture and culture method thereof

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CN103828748B (en) * 2014-03-19 2018-04-06 上海市水产研究所 Pond greenhouse Penaeus Vannmei, the method for three batches of alternate cultures of Macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN104285868B (en) * 2014-10-30 2016-04-13 钦州学院 A kind of ecological cultivation method of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low Fish-shrimp mix-culture

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Patentee before: Shenzhen Alpha Agriculture Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.