CN105230206A - Automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device used with four-wheel tractor in matched mode - Google Patents

Automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device used with four-wheel tractor in matched mode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105230206A
CN105230206A CN201510770181.0A CN201510770181A CN105230206A CN 105230206 A CN105230206 A CN 105230206A CN 201510770181 A CN201510770181 A CN 201510770181A CN 105230206 A CN105230206 A CN 105230206A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
rhizome
wheel
fertile
target variable
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Pending
Application number
CN201510770181.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许振林
李全宇
陆世伟
才让吉
林建智
王贵忠
周生召
王胜
杨生存
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINGHAI LINFENG AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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QINGHAI LINFENG AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Application filed by QINGHAI LINFENG AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical QINGHAI LINFENG AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510770181.0A priority Critical patent/CN105230206A/en
Publication of CN105230206A publication Critical patent/CN105230206A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

Provided is an automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device used with a four-wheel tractor in a matched mode. A fertilizer box body is arranged on a fertilizer box big frame, a horizontal hydraulic cylinder is installed on the lower portion of the fertilizer box big frame, a mobile ditching device is arranged below the horizontal hydraulic cylinder, a rhizome detecting device is connected to the front end of the fertilizer box body, a fertilizer discharging device is installed on the side face of the fertilizer box body, and a landing wheel device is arranged at the rear end of the fertilizer big frame; a fertilizer discharging hose is arranged between the outlet of the fertilizer discharging device and the mobile ditching device; when the automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device walks on a planting field, the fertilizer in the fertilizer box is sent to the fertilizer discharging opening through a spiral propeller, falls in the fertilizer discharging hose and is buried in the plant rhizome part through a ditcher, and a target variable fertilizing control system can control the size of the fertilizer amount and the falling time and control the horizontal hydraulic cylinder to control plant spacing of plants. The automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device used with the four-wheel tractor in the matched mode is compact in structure, convenient to operate, precise in control over the fertilizer, reasonable in fertilizing and capable of reducing power output to the maximum extent.

Description

A kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor
Technical field
The present invention relates to variable-rate fertilization technical field, particularly a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor.
Background technology
In recent years, the crops such as a large amount of plantation in some areas matrimony vines, thus fertilising becomes a very loaded down with trivial details and thing that labour intensity is high, and also cost of labor is very high.When artificially applying fertilizer, due to the otherness of artificial planting, fertilization depth is often caused not reach the demand of crop growth, and in existing technical market, the fertilizer distributor that market can realize automatic target detection variable does not almost have, and the art can say it is a blank substantially in existing situation thus.For the demand of existing market, present invention employs advanced automatic control technology, have employed a set of to target variable fertilizer applicator, the object to rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilization can be realized.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor, having the advantages that variable applies fertilizer, accurately apply fertilizer in rhizome place.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor, comprise the large frame 7 of fertile case, the large frame 7 of fertile case is provided with fertilizer casing 1, fertile case large frame 7 bottom is provided with parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, mobile ditching device is provided with below parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, be provided with in fertilizer casing 1 front end target variable fertilization control system box 2, rhizome sniffer is connected with on target variable fertilization control system box 2, the side of fertilizer casing 1 is provided with lower fertile device, and fertile case large frame 7 rear end is provided with floor wheel device; The exit of lower fertile device is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe 11, and the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe 11 is arranged on mobile ditching device; Fertilizer casing 1 inside is provided with hydraulic system assembly 24.
Described mobile ditching device comprises latch carriage release lever 9, latch carriage release lever 9 is arranged on the two ends of parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, latch carriage release lever 9 lower end is provided with plough 10, and plough 10 surface is provided with plough fertilizer inlet 6, and plough fertilizer inlet 6 is corresponding with the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe 11.
Described rhizome sniffer comprises rhizome probe wire 3, and rhizome probe wire 3 one end is connected on target variable fertilization control system box 2, and the other end is connected with rhizome probe 4, and rhizome probe 4 is arranged on probe support plate 5.
Described rhizome probe 4 adopts shelter backpulsing sensor.
Described lower fertile device comprises fertilizer frame entrance 15, is provided with lower fertile assembly of devices 13 below fertilizer frame entrance 15, and be fixed with fertilising motor 12 and fertilizer-dropping hole 16 below lower fertile assembly of devices 13, fertilizer-dropping hole 16 correspondence is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe 11.
Described floor wheel device comprises the floor wheel fixed mount 20 be arranged on the large frame 7 of fertile case, floor wheel fixed mount 20 end is provided with floor wheel 19, floor wheel fixed mount 20 upper end is provided with land wheel buffer bar 21, and floor wheel fixed mount 20 with land wheel buffer bar 21 are provided with land wheel steady pin 22.
Described hydraulic system assembly 24 is connected with spiral propeller drive link 18 one end, and spiral propeller drive link 18 other end is connected on floor wheel 19.
The rear end of the large frame 7 of described fertile case is provided with at least one steady arm 23, steady arm 23 is provided with seat 14.
Described plough 10 adopts little right-angle structure.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Compact conformation of the present invention, convenient operation.It can control fertilizer accurately to target variable fertilization control system, and rhizome probe 4 adopts shelter backpulsing sensor, can identify crop to greatest extent; The design of parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, well solves various planting site crop row and causes apart from difference the problem that fertilising is unreasonable and labour intensity is high; Plough 10 adopts little triangular structure of right angle, well can reduce its Power output to greatest extent by the flowers are in blossom on earth's surface.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is main apparent direction structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is backsight direction structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor, comprise the large frame 7 of fertile case, the large frame 7 of fertile case is provided with fertilizer casing 1, fertile case large frame 7 bottom is provided with parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, mobile ditching device is provided with below parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, be provided with in fertilizer casing 1 front end target variable fertilization control system box 2, rhizome sniffer is connected with on target variable fertilization control system box 2, the side of fertilizer casing 1 is provided with lower fertile device, and fertile case large frame 7 rear end is provided with floor wheel device; The exit of lower fertile device is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe 11, and the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe 11 is arranged on mobile ditching device; Fertilizer casing 1 inside is provided with hydraulic system assembly 24.
As shown in Figure 1, described mobile ditching device comprises latch carriage release lever 9, latch carriage release lever 9 is arranged on the two ends of parallel hydraulic cylinders 8, latch carriage release lever 9 lower end is provided with plough 10, plough 10 surface is provided with plough fertilizer inlet 6, and plough fertilizer inlet 6 is corresponding with the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe 11.
Described rhizome sniffer comprises rhizome probe wire 3, and rhizome probe wire 3 one end is connected on target variable fertilization control system box 2, and the other end is connected with rhizome probe 4, and rhizome probe 4 is arranged on probe support plate 5.
Described rhizome probe 4 adopts shelter backpulsing sensor.
Described lower fertile device comprises fertilizer frame entrance 15, is provided with lower fertile assembly of devices 13 below fertilizer frame entrance 15, and be fixed with fertilising motor 12 and fertilizer-dropping hole 16 below lower fertile assembly of devices 13, fertilizer-dropping hole 16 correspondence is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe 11.
As shown in Figure 2, described floor wheel device comprises the floor wheel fixed mount 20 be arranged on the large frame 7 of fertile case, floor wheel fixed mount 20 end is provided with floor wheel 19, floor wheel fixed mount 20 upper end is provided with land wheel buffer bar 21, and floor wheel fixed mount 20 with land wheel buffer bar 21 are provided with land wheel steady pin 22.
Described hydraulic system assembly 24 is connected with spiral propeller drive link 18 one end, and spiral propeller drive link 18 other end is connected on floor wheel 19.
The rear end of the large frame 7 of described fertile case is provided with at least one steady arm 23, steady arm 23 is provided with seat 14.
As shown in Figure 1, described plough 10 adopts little right-angle structure.
Operation principle of the present invention is:
The automatic target detection variable-rate fertilization that a kind of four-wheel tractor uses, it is bolted on tractor by hitch frame, fertile case dead lever, fertile case support bar, then has floor wheel 19 to provide power by spiral propeller drive link 18 to spiral propeller 25.When startup tractor, when field planting site is walked, fertilizer is sent into fertilizer-dropping hole 16 by spiral propeller 25 by the fertilizer of fertilizer can 1 inside; Fertilizing amount is set by target variable fertilization control system according to factors such as crops landform, then fall into lower fertile flexible pipe 11 and by plough 10, fertilizer imbedded plant roots stem, pass through the controlled composting doses size of target variable fertilization control box 2 to target variable fertilization control system and fall into the time, controlling parallel hydraulic cylinders 8; Due to the spacing in the rows of some Plants, the difference of line-spacing, can be equipped with two parallel hydraulic cylinders 8 on the large frame 7 of fertilizer can, and regulates plough 10 with expansion link of ditching, and completes the fertilising work of different in width.
In figure: 1 is fertilizer casing, 2 is to target variable fertilization control system box, 3 is rhizome probe wires, 4 is rhizome probes, 5 is probe support plates, 6 is plough fertilizer inlets, 7 is the large framves of fertile case, 8 is parallel hydraulic cylinders, 9 is latch carriage release levers, 10 is ploughs, 11 is lower fertile flexible pipes, 12 is fertilising motors, 13 is lower fertile assembly of devices, 14 is seats, 15 is fertilizer frame entrances, 16 is fertilizer-dropping holes, 17 is lower fertile flexible pipes, 18 is spiral propeller drive links, 19 is floor wheels, 20 is floor wheel fixed mounts, 21 is land wheel buffer bars, 22 is land wheel steady pins, 23 is steady arms, 24 is hydraulic system assemblies, 25 is spiral propellers.

Claims (4)

1. the rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor, comprise the large frame of fertile case (7), the large frame of fertile case (7) is provided with fertilizer casing (1), it is characterized in that, fertile case large frame (7) bottom is provided with parallel hydraulic cylinders (8), parallel hydraulic cylinders (8) below is provided with mobile ditching device, be provided with in fertilizer casing (1) front end target variable fertilization control system box (2), rhizome sniffer is connected with on target variable fertilization control system box (2), the side of fertilizer casing (1) is provided with lower fertile device, the exit of lower fertile device is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe (11), the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe (11) is arranged on mobile ditching device, fertilizer casing (1) inside is provided with hydraulic system assembly (24), and the large frame of fertile case (7) rear end is provided with floor wheel device,
Described mobile ditching device comprises latch carriage release lever (9), latch carriage release lever (9) is arranged on the two ends of parallel hydraulic cylinders (8), latch carriage release lever (9) lower end is provided with plough (10), plough (10) surface is provided with plough fertilizer inlet (6), and plough fertilizer inlet (6) is corresponding with the outlet of lower fertile flexible pipe (11);
Described rhizome sniffer comprises rhizome probe wire (3), rhizome probe wire (3) one end is connected on target variable fertilization control system box (2), the other end is connected with rhizome probe (4), and rhizome probe (4) is arranged on probe support plate (5);
Described lower fertile device comprises fertilizer frame entrance (15), fertilizer frame entrance (15) below is provided with lower fertile assembly of devices (13), lower fertile assembly of devices (13) below is fixed with fertilising motor (12) and fertilizer-dropping hole (16), and fertilizer-dropping hole (16) correspondence is provided with the entrance of lower fertile flexible pipe (11);
Described floor wheel device comprises the floor wheel fixed mount (20) be arranged on the large frame of fertile case (7), floor wheel fixed mount (20) end is provided with floor wheel (19), floor wheel fixed mount (20) upper end is provided with land wheel buffer bar (21), and floor wheel fixed mount (20) with land wheel buffer bar (21) are provided with land wheel steady pin (22);
Described hydraulic system assembly (24) is connected with spiral propeller drive link (18) one end, and spiral propeller drive link (18) other end is connected on floor wheel (19).
2. a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described rhizome probe (4) adopts shelter backpulsing sensor.
3. a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the rear end of the described large frame of fertile case (7) is provided with at least one steady arm (23), steady arm (23) is provided with seat (14).
4. a kind of rhizome automatic target detection variable fertilizer applicator used with four-wheel tractor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plough (10) adopts little right-angle structure.
CN201510770181.0A 2015-11-07 2015-11-07 Automatic rhizome target variable fertilizing device used with four-wheel tractor in matched mode Pending CN105230206A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688408A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-24 华南农业大学 Self-propelled variable-depth variable-position variable-amount fertilizer applicator for orchard
CN107409544A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-12-01 华南农业大学 A kind of self-propelled pressure cave-applied fertilizer machine in orchard based on soil softening
CN108650956A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-16 华南农业大学 Jiao Yuan is to target variable-rate fertilization and fertilizing method
CN109661979A (en) * 2017-10-13 2019-04-23 中国农业机械化科学研究院 It is a kind of based on the information-based implantation methods for being precisely controlled crop location

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JPH0231606A (en) * 1988-07-19 1990-02-01 Kubota Ltd Riding rice transplanter
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688408A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-24 华南农业大学 Self-propelled variable-depth variable-position variable-amount fertilizer applicator for orchard
CN106688408B (en) * 2016-11-22 2019-04-19 华南农业大学 A kind of orchard is self-propelled to deepen displacement variable-rate fertilization
CN107409544A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-12-01 华南农业大学 A kind of self-propelled pressure cave-applied fertilizer machine in orchard based on soil softening
CN107409544B (en) * 2017-03-30 2019-08-13 华南农业大学 A kind of self-propelled pressure cave-applied fertilizer machine in orchard based on soil softening
CN109661979A (en) * 2017-10-13 2019-04-23 中国农业机械化科学研究院 It is a kind of based on the information-based implantation methods for being precisely controlled crop location
CN108650956A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-16 华南农业大学 Jiao Yuan is to target variable-rate fertilization and fertilizing method
CN108650956B (en) * 2018-05-18 2020-03-17 华南农业大学 Targeted variable rate fertilizer applicator for banana garden and fertilizer application method

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Application publication date: 20160113