CN105211621A - Ox straw biological full mixed fodder - Google Patents

Ox straw biological full mixed fodder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105211621A
CN105211621A CN201410288269.4A CN201410288269A CN105211621A CN 105211621 A CN105211621 A CN 105211621A CN 201410288269 A CN201410288269 A CN 201410288269A CN 105211621 A CN105211621 A CN 105211621A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
preparation agent
meal
powder
kilograms
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Pending
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CN201410288269.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李朝均
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DUJIANGYAN HUINONG BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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DUJIANGYAN HUINONG BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201410288269.4A priority Critical patent/CN105211621A/en
Publication of CN105211621A publication Critical patent/CN105211621A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of ox straw biological full mixed fodder to people.It adds preparation agent I alkalies with culm powder and preparation agent II trace quantity mineral substance element solution mixes sealing and fermenting 16 days, become culm feed, add concentrated feed again and conventional energy feed forms, utilize rice straw powder at a low price, feed diet is made to reach comprehensive nutrition balance, meet the growth needs of raw ox, reach containing 18 ~ 19 seed amino acids, average daily gain amount more than one jin, the happy food of cheap and tasty ox, there is certain anti pathologic immunity ability, implement simple and convenient easy, the raw ox fed, skin thin (ruddy light), dressing percentage are high, and lean meat is many, Fresh & Tender in Texture.

Description

Ox straw biological full mixed fodder
Technical field: the feed that the present invention relates to a kind of improvement, particularly a kind of perfect compound feed adding preparation agent, concentrated feed, conventional energy feed in culm powder, is suitable for feeding various raw ox.
Background technology: in prior art, have in one and enclose " fodder made from straw " that number of patent application is 89109439.33, it is the true albumen of imitative cud lift-rising, the method of imitative caecum function lift-rising digestible energy makes monogastric animal feed, wet after straw material with hydration and add pulverized limestone, salt compounded of iodine, purple dustpan, sodium bicarbonate, beans Huang carries out 20 days fermentation as feed for raw material under 3 ~ 44 DEG C of anaerobic conditions.But the sugar in feed lowlyer can cause the not too happy food of biology, difference educates phase nutritional labeling should be different to some extent, under 3 ~ 10 DEG C of states, microbial activities is obstructed, make sweat can be slower, commute generation blackening and have mould feed of hiding, do not give explanation and can provide multiplexing process method, shortcoming practical function illustration.
The object of the invention is to avoid above-mentioned technical deficiency part, and the ox providing a kind of full price to coordinate culm feed, it culm feed meal is added certain coordination valence feed in various distinct program, makes feed diet reach full nutrition balance, deliciously to benefit from, without any undesirable element.
Summary of the invention:
Task of the present invention realizes as follows: a kind of ox straw biological full mixed fodder, containing tapioca starch and preparation agent, containing lime, sodium bicarbonate in preparation agent, perfect compound feed of the present invention, by multiple preparation agent, concentrated feed and conventional energy feed preparation synthesis.Culm powder is straw, melon vine or herbage flour, and preparation agent I is by lime, and sodium bicarbonate, refined salt, KI, urea, white sugar form. preparation agent is by manganese carbonate, vanadic anhydride, ferrous sulfate, and zinc oxide, magnesium sulfate, cobalt chloride, manganese dioxide form.The coordination valence concentrated feed of feed is by compounding ingredient (commercially available) wheat bran, soy meal. salt.Stone flour (or oyster shell whiting or egg-shell meal) composition.The coordination valence of feed is commonly used energy feed and is made up of corn flour and paddy meal (wheat bran or rice sugar).The processing method of feed is: use agent adds hydration and to wet grass meal, imitative cud anaerobism carries out sending out into feed, add nutritional agents again, synergist feed, concrete steps are that 0.61 ~ 0.62% preparation agent I powder adds water and 99.39 99.38% is stirred into mother liquor by (1), (2) 0.044-0.045% preparation agent II powder is added water 99.% 99.95%, stir equal sentence, to become making liquid in 0.121 0.122% to the 99.879% 99.878% ratio mother liquor of falling people; (3) by culm powder with 1 to 2.45 weight ratio with make liquid and close wet, and successively compacting is piled up (put emptins when making first) in airtight container, sternly seal placement 16 days culm feed; (4) coordination valence concentrated feed make, Bian with 15.4% compounding ingredient, 6:2%, the soy meal of 6 shirt %, Jing Table, 9.2./ 0stone calcium powder (oyster shell whiting or egg-shell meal) mixing and stirring; (5) coordination valence is normal, the making of energy feed: stage between growing not by ox. selected corn flour and paddy meal (or wheat bran, rice is sugared) matching ratio, F 1feed is containing 65% corn flour, and 35% paddy, is applicable to 15 30 kilograms of calves, F 2feed, by 62% corn flour and 38% paddy meal, feeds the raw ox of 30-60 kilograms.F 3feed by 48% corn flour and 52% paddy meal, feed the raw ox of 60-90 kilograms; For conceived and cow with a calf at foot energy feed Fo, adopt 43% corn flour and 57% paddy composition.More than on batching percentage, lower deviation allows 2 5.
Containing 47% lime in alkalies preparation agent I, 41.1% refined salt, 6.62% sodium bicarbonate, 3.32% KI, 1.3% sugar, 0.66% urea.Percentage partially covers 0.2 0.5. up and down and contains in trace quantity mineral preparation agent II and have manganese carbonate 53.6%, vanadic anhydride 15.4%, ferrous sulfate 7.7%, zinc oxide 7.7%, magnesium sulfate 7.7%, cobalt chloride 7.7%, manganese dioxide 0.2%.
Biological full mixed fodder is according to the stage of development of raw ox, and it is used in combination to carry out consumption proportion: see the following form
raw ox concentrated feed single stalk feed | energy feed
13 30 kilograms 15% 30% 55%F 1
30-60 kilograms 10% 40% bO%F 2
more than 60 kilograms 8% 50% 42%F 3
conceived, cow with a calf at foot 15% 40% 45% F.
In table, the percentage of proportional quantity up and down can deviation 5 10%, erbium day the feed amount of having 15 kilograms, also can according to Niu great little its amount fixed.
The advantage of ox straw biological full mixed fodder: the shortcoming supplementing simple culm powder biological feedstuff not comprehensive nutrition, make feed diet reach comprehensive nutrition balance, the growth of delicious ox food is fast, and has certain disease-resistant energy-conservation power of exempting from service; Save food, coarse fodder spy essence is fed, easy realization, raw material is cheap, crude protein reaches 38 40%, other performances of fat >2.0% calcium >4.6% are all better than seeing in system material (being shown by annex table 1), and in analysis report, the perfect compound feed of NORTHEAST REGION IN demonstrates the present invention and contains 19 seed amino acids (seeing appendix table 2) very acid (seeing appendix shown in table 3,4) feed also can siccative storage due to the 18 kinds of ammonia that only have that regional straw Texture Difference also has.
If feed blackening and have mould hiding, preparation agent I can be mixed with 3 to 0.002 to 50 ratios with rotten culm feed with preparation agent II, humidity suitably (can pinching fluid pearl, fall on the ground into the shape that falls apart) is inserted in tight envelope container and is used after two weeks, does not reduce use value.
Case study on implementation: first (1) by the preparation agent I powder of 0.1307 kilogram, add 21.1855 kg of water, stirring 4 score value clocks becomes mother liquor, (2) the preparation agent II of 0.0002 kilogram is poured in little bowl adds 0.3 kg of water and stir 3 minutes, reenter in the mother liquor that inclines and stir 4 minutes systems and then become 21.35 to make liquid, (3) 8.65 jin of culm powder are added the modulation of 21.35 jin, a traditional unit of weight of making liquid moistening, pressure is piled up and (need be added head time first) entering to seal in container, namely placement of obturaging becomes 30 kilograms of culm feeds for 16 days, used time in layer takes, sealing is preserved also can storage processed. secondly, that 2.31 kilograms of compounding ingredients are had 0.93 kilogram of wheat, 10.2 kilogram soy meal, 0.18 kilogram of refined salt, 1.38 kilograms of oyster shell whitings are made into 15 kilograms of concentrated feeds, in addition, conventional energy feed (selecting 15 kilogram weight calves) adopts 35.75 kilograms of corn flour, 19.25 kilogram paddy meal, be stirred into 55 kilograms.Finally, by 15 kilograms of concentrated feeds, 30 kilograms of culm feeds, 55 kilograms of energy feed mix and blends feed 1 ~ 2 kilogram of consumption equal every day, slaughter and helped to be determined as follows one-tenth beef matter by Daxing County, Beijing food company when one to two month
Culture-cycle becomes beef matter chart
Experiment ox: feed 60% culm feed
According to ox: feed perfect compound feed
Test ox Contrast ox
The name of an article: about north hybridization gross weight: 81 kilograms The name of an article: about north hybridization gross weight: 85 kilograms
Band leaf fat carcass weight 56 kilograms Band leaf fat carcass weight 60 kilograms
To go in leaf fat trunk 53.63 kilograms Go leaf fat carcass weight 58.12 kilograms
Left carcass weight 26 kilograms Left carcass weight 29.75 kilograms
Carcass cutability 66.1% Carcass cutability 68.3%.
Skin depth 0.3cm, average fat thickness 2.1cm Skin depth 0.5cm, average fat thickness 2.3cm
Leaf fat weighs 2.25 kilograms, and kidney weighs 0.24 kilogram Leaf fat weighs 2.25 kilograms, and kidney weighs 0.25 kilogram
Tare weight 2.35 kilograms, accounts for trunk 8.4% Tare weight 2.65 kilograms, accounts for trunk 8.9%
Fat meat weighs 5.37 kilograms, accounts for trunk 20% Fat meat weighs 6.8 kilograms, accounts for trunk 22.9%
Lean meat weighs 14.1 kilograms, accounts for trunk 50.5% Lean meat weighs 14.2 kilograms, accounts for trunk 47.7%
Clamping plate Shan lean meat percentage 53.9% is Fresh & Tender in Texture Clamping plate Shan lean meat percentage 53.8%, meat is tenderer
Bone weighs 2.85 kilograms, accounts for trunk 10.5% Bone weighs 2.85 kilograms, accounts for trunk 9.6%
Find out that the greenhide that perfect compound feed is fed is thin from chart, dressing percentage is high, and lean meat is many, and Rou Zhi Fresh is tender.

Claims (3)

1. an ox straw biological full mixed fodder, containing tapioca starch and preparation agent and water, containing pulverized limestone 0.4 ~ 1.2 in preparation agent, sodium bicarbonate 0.1 ~ 0.3, is characterized in that:
A, cassava grass meal are that straw, melon vine or herbage are broken into culm powder,
B, preparation agent by preparation agent I and preparation agent II point, be also added with refined salt in preparation agent I, containing vanadic anhydride in KI, urea, white sugar, preparation agent II, ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, magnesium sulfate, cobalt chloride, manganese dioxide,
The coordination valence concentrated feed of c, interpolation, is made up of compounding ingredient, wheat bran, soy meal, salt, stone flour (oyster shell whiting or egg-shell meal),
The coordination valence of d, interpolation commonly uses energy feed, is made up of corn flour and paddy meal (wheat bran or rice sugar).
2. weigh the preparation method requiring profit 1 tin of perfect compound feed stated, use agent adds hydration and to wet grass meal, and imitative cud anaerobism carries out fermentation as feed, it is characterized in that:
A, is stirred into mother liquor by the water that 0.62-0.61% preparation agent I powder adds 99.38-99.39%,
B, water 0.0450.044% preparation agent II powder being added 99.95-99.96% stir, and pouring mother liquor with 0.121-0.122% into than 99.879% ~ 99.878% ratio becomes making liquid,
C by culm powder with make the ratio of liquid with 1 to 2,45 and close the careless bar powder that wets, and successively compacting is piled up in airtight container, add emptins encapsulate storing 16 days culm feed,
D, coordination valence concentrated feed are by 15.4% compounding ingredient, the wheat of 6.2%, the soy meal of 6.8%, 1.2% refined salt, and 9.2% stone flour (oyster shell whiting or egg-shell meal) mix and blend all hooks and forms,
E, coordination valence commonly use energy feed be by; By the different phase of growing of ox, select corn flour and paddy meal (proportioning of wheat bran or rice bran, F 1feed is containing 65% corn flour, and 35% paddy, is applicable to 1530 kilograms of calves, F 2feed is containing 62% corn flour, and 38% paddy meal, is suitable for the calf of nursing 30-60 kilograms.
3.F 3feed is containing corn flour, and the paddy meal of 52%, is applicable to ground rice and 57% paddy meal composition, perfect compound feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: containing the sodium bicarbonate of 6.62% in preparation agent I, 47% pulverized limestone, 41,1% refined salt, 3.32% KI, 1.3% white sugar, 0.66% urea.
CN201410288269.4A 2014-06-25 2014-06-25 Ox straw biological full mixed fodder Pending CN105211621A (en)

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CN105211621A true CN105211621A (en) 2016-01-06

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS53127177A (en) * 1977-04-02 1978-11-07 Nagase & Co Ltd Feed for cattles and method for producing same
CN1042820A (en) * 1989-11-23 1990-06-13 覃定福 The preparation method of straw biochemical feed catalyst and feed thereof
CN1069859A (en) * 1992-08-06 1993-03-17 胡文龙 Straw biological full mixed fodder for pig
CN1084359A (en) * 1992-09-23 1994-03-30 李建维 Preparation agent of straw biofodder
CN1140556A (en) * 1995-07-17 1997-01-22 石林 Producing process and use of efficient straw stalks fermenting fodder
CN1586267A (en) * 2004-07-13 2005-03-02 董森 Simply producing method for stalk fodder
CN1653931A (en) * 2005-04-05 2005-08-17 单德章 Industrialized product of plant straw feeding stuff and its preparing method
CN101433278A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 申凤英 Ensiling technique added with biological formulation and chemical formulation
CN102511657A (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-06-27 胡文龙 Lactobacillus grass meal biological feed formula and preparation method for feed
CN103652432A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-26 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 Production method utilizing cassava stems, cassava residues and pasture to manufacture biological feed for beef cattle

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS53127177A (en) * 1977-04-02 1978-11-07 Nagase & Co Ltd Feed for cattles and method for producing same
CN1042820A (en) * 1989-11-23 1990-06-13 覃定福 The preparation method of straw biochemical feed catalyst and feed thereof
CN1069859A (en) * 1992-08-06 1993-03-17 胡文龙 Straw biological full mixed fodder for pig
CN1084359A (en) * 1992-09-23 1994-03-30 李建维 Preparation agent of straw biofodder
CN1140556A (en) * 1995-07-17 1997-01-22 石林 Producing process and use of efficient straw stalks fermenting fodder
CN1586267A (en) * 2004-07-13 2005-03-02 董森 Simply producing method for stalk fodder
CN1653931A (en) * 2005-04-05 2005-08-17 单德章 Industrialized product of plant straw feeding stuff and its preparing method
CN101433278A (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-20 申凤英 Ensiling technique added with biological formulation and chemical formulation
CN102511657A (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-06-27 胡文龙 Lactobacillus grass meal biological feed formula and preparation method for feed
CN103652432A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-26 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 Production method utilizing cassava stems, cassava residues and pasture to manufacture biological feed for beef cattle

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Title
孟海兵等主编: "《秸秆还田及综合利用技术》", 30 November 2008, 中国农业科学技术出版社 *
宋恩亮等主编: "《肉牛健康养殖一月通》", 31 May 2014, 中国农业大学出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20160106