CN105191775A - Soilless culture device - Google Patents

Soilless culture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105191775A
CN105191775A CN201410621937.0A CN201410621937A CN105191775A CN 105191775 A CN105191775 A CN 105191775A CN 201410621937 A CN201410621937 A CN 201410621937A CN 105191775 A CN105191775 A CN 105191775A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
field planting
planting basket
plant
lamp
block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410621937.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡万巧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai dry Hao Trading Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Zhai Geng Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Zhai Geng Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Zhai Geng Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410621937.0A priority Critical patent/CN105191775A/en
Publication of CN105191775A publication Critical patent/CN105191775A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to a soilless culture device. The soilless culture device is characterized by being composed of a lamp body, a barrel body and a base which are connected sequentially; the lamp body comprises a steel wire pull rope, a height adjusting valve, a lampshade, LED lamps and a lamp post; the barrel body comprises an upper cover, planting baskets, an injection device, a water pump and a water level window; the base comprises a control display panel and a control circuit. The height adjusting device is used for adjusting the length of the steel wire pull rope by rotating a screw to adjust the distance between the lamp body and the barrel body, the lampshade and the lamp post are made of metallic aluminum, and 1-8 round holes are formed in the upper surface of the barrel body; each planting basket is cylindrical, the diameter of the upper surface is larger than that of the lower surface, the planting baskets are placed into the round holes and each provided with a metal reflective piece and a heat and moisture preserving cover, and the planting baskets are made of plastic with holes. The injection device comprises a minitype spray nozzle and a PVC pipe and is used for injecting water and a nutrient solution to the planting baskets and plant roots. Compared with the prior art, the soilless culture device has the advantages of being low in cost, simple in process, capable of realizing multispecies planting, good in planting effect and the like.

Description

A kind of cultivation apparatus without soil
Technical field
The present invention relates to electronics and agriculture field, particularly a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil.
Background technology
Along with common people's growth in the living standard, consumer, except the pursuit on material, also more and more pursues spiritual thing, and to gardening plantation, the demand of flowers is also more and more higher.But because most of consumer is very strange for gardening plantation, if earth culture mode traditionally, need to possess certain professional knowledge and regular hour and energy and go plantation, timely spended time and energy, due to the impact of external environment condition, also can affect result, thus make consumer produce the feared state of mind for plantation.
There is the device of some soilless cultures in the market, adopt artificially feed (fluorescent lamp or LED), carry out culturing vegetable in conjunction with Soilless Culture Methods.But this Method compare is loaded down with trivial details, need the energy of input comparatively large, and planting effect is bad.In addition existing soilless culture is based on growing vegetables, particularly the plantation of leaf vegetables, lacks fresh flower, the native cultivating and growing mode of medicinal material and device, and generally speaking product in the market has and there is following shortcoming:
1. Soilless Culture Methods is more elementary, mostly adopts drip irrigation;
2. planting plants kind is single, based on leaf vegetables cultivation;
3. planting patterns is single, based on seed and little transplantation of seedlings;
4. control mode is single, and the different phase not for different cultivars plant does different control programs;
5. planting matrix is single, does not do rationally suitable matrix collocation for different plant varieties;
6. service of goods is not enough, does not get a real idea of the core value place of product;
7. planting effect is not good, can not the complete overall process perfectly presenting plant growth.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil and method, mainly solve the problem that in prior art, varieties of plant is single, loaded down with trivial details, survival rate is not high.
A kind of cultivation apparatus without soil, is characterized in that: be made up of the lamp body connected successively, staving and base; Described lamp body comprises steel wire tow line, height control valve, lampshade, LED, lamp stand; Described staving comprises upper cover, field planting basket, injection apparatus, water pump, water level window; Described base comprises control display floater and control circuit.
Described dipping control regulates the length of steel wire tow line by stretching, and then regulates the spacing of lamp body and staving; Described lampshade and the material of lamp stand are metallic aluminium.
Described staving upper surface has 1-8 circular hole; Described field planting basket is cylinder, and upper surface diameter is greater than lower surface diameter, is placed in circular hole, field planting basket has metal reflective sheet and heat and moisture preserving cover, and the material of field planting basket is plastics, and plastics have perforate.
Described injection apparatus comprises minitype nozzle and pvc pipe, to field planting basket injection water or nutrient solution.
A method for soilless culture, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
501, water and nutrient solution are poured in staving;
502, according to the difference of plant status, following several type of rearing is adopted:
The culture matrix of giving birth to plant seed is put into field planting basket, fills up the space of field planting basket with haydite, fix culture matrix;
The inorganic seedling growing block of giving birth to seedling is put into field planting basket, fills up the space of field planting basket with haydite, fix seedling growing block;
After the plant of earth culture cleans up the earth of root, with a certain proportion of formalin solution, root is carried out disinfection, then put into field planting basket, fill up space with haydite;
Plant cuttage bar is inserted in special cuttage block, then cuttage block is put into field planting basket;
503, parameter on control display floater on base is manually set according to the kind of cultivated plant;
504, control circuit regulates the injection frequency of injection apparatus water or nutrient solution and the light application time of LED growth lamp automatically according to the parameter arranged.
Haydite is placed in field planting basket by described step 502, culture matrix is placed in haydite upper surface centre position: the material of culture matrix is mineral wool block or rock wool silk or vermiculite.
Described step 503 manually arranges the parameter on the control display floater on base according to the kind of cultivated plant: parameter is divided into the large class of floristics and water pump and plant lamp working time two, floristics is divided into vegetables and fruits class, vanilla class, flowers class, Chinese herbal medicine class four group; Water pump and plant lamp working time are divided into nursery stage, vegetative period and flowering fruit bearing stage three group.
Plant cuttage bar inserts in special cuttage block by described step 502, then cuttage block is put into field planting basket: the material of cuttage block is EV foam, and there is perforate centre, and there is otch side.
Concrete, the water pump described in the present invention, injection apparatus, control circuit can adopt known schemes of the prior art, and relevant above-mentioned known solution, those skilled in the art understands all, does not repeat them here.
The present invention compares with prior art, and its effect is actively and significantly, specifically comprise following some:
1. adopt the nutrient fluid cultivation mode of half mist training, effectively can promote the absorption of plant root nutrient solution, and the dissolved oxygen providing root system enough, promote the better development growth of root;
2. adopt field planting basket, planting matrix and substrate combination can be selected flexibly according to the feature of plant, and the support providing root system enough;
3. by the selection of optimum configurations, realize multi items plantation, rational LED provides illumination and the photosynthesis of foot effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is shower nozzle distribution map;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of field planting basket of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is method flow diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is cuttage block structural diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil, is characterized in that: be made up of the lamp body connected successively, staving and base; Described lamp body comprises steel wire tow line, height control valve, lampshade, LED, lamp stand; Described staving comprises upper cover, field planting basket, injection apparatus, water pump, water level window; Described base comprises control display floater and control circuit.
Described dipping control regulates the length of steel wire tow line by rotary screw, and then regulates the spacing of lamp body and staving; Described lampshade and the material of lamp stand are metallic aluminium.
Described staving upper surface has 1-8 circular hole; Described field planting basket is cylinder, and upper surface diameter is greater than lower surface diameter, is placed in circular hole.
As shown in Figure 2: described injection apparatus comprises minitype nozzle and pvc pipe, to field planting basket injection water or nutrient solution.
As shown in Figure 3: field planting basket has metal reflective sheet and heat and moisture preserving cover, the material of field planting basket is plastics, and plastics have perforate.
As shown in Figure 4: a kind of method of soilless culture, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
501, water or nutrient solution are poured in staving;
502, according to the difference of plant status, adopt different types of rearing, the plant of the present embodiment is still in sub-states, and the culture matrix of giving birth to plant seed is put into field planting basket, fills up the space of field planting basket, fix culture matrix with haydite;
503, parameter on control display floater on base is manually set according to the kind of cultivated plant;
504, control circuit regulates the injection frequency of injection apparatus water or nutrient solution and the light application time of LED growth lamp automatically according to the parameter arranged.
Haydite is placed in field planting basket by described step 502, culture matrix is placed in haydite upper surface centre position: the material of culture matrix is mineral wool block or rock wool silk or vermiculite.
Described step 503 manually arranges the parameter on the control display floater on base according to the kind of cultivated plant: parameter is divided into the large class of floristics and water pump and plant lamp working time two, floristics is divided into vegetables and fruits class, vanilla class, flowers class, Chinese herbal medicine class four group; Water pump and plant lamp working time are divided into nursery stage, vegetative period and flowering fruit bearing stage three group.
As shown in Figure 5, plant cuttage bar inserts in special cuttage block by described step 502, then cuttage block is put into field planting basket: the material of cuttage block is EV foam, and there is perforate centre, and there is otch side.
Certainly; above-mentioned explanation is not limitation of the present invention; the present invention is also not limited in above-mentioned citing, the change that those skilled in the art make in essential scope of the present invention, remodeling, interpolation or replacement, also should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a cultivation apparatus without soil, is characterized in that: be made up of the lamp body connected successively, staving and base; Described lamp body comprises steel wire tow line, height control valve, lampshade, LED, lamp stand; Described staving comprises upper cover, field planting basket, injection apparatus, water pump, water level window; Described base comprises control display floater and control circuit.
2. a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described dipping control by the length of stretching steel wire tow line, and then regulates the spacing of lamp body and staving; Described lampshade and the material of lamp stand are metallic aluminium.
3. a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described staving upper surface has 1-8 circular hole; Described field planting basket is cylinder, and upper surface diameter is greater than lower surface diameter, is placed in circular hole, field planting basket has metal reflective sheet and heat and moisture preserving cover, and the material of field planting basket is plastics, and plastics have perforate.
4. a kind of cultivation apparatus without soil as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described injection apparatus comprises minitype nozzle and pvc pipe, to field planting basket and plant root injection water and nutrient solution.
5. a method for soilless culture, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
501, water and nutrient solution are poured in staving;
502, according to the difference of plant status, following several type of rearing is adopted:
The culture matrix of giving birth to plant seed is put into field planting basket, fills up the space of field planting basket with haydite, fix culture matrix;
The inorganic seedling growing block of giving birth to seedling is put into field planting basket, fills up the space of field planting basket with haydite, fix seedling growing block;
After the plant of earth culture cleans up the earth of root, with a certain proportion of formalin solution, root is carried out disinfection, then put into field planting basket, fill up space with haydite;
Plant cuttage bar is inserted in special cuttage block, then cuttage block is put into field planting basket;
503, parameter on control display floater on base is manually set according to the kind of cultivated plant;
504, control circuit regulates the injection frequency of injection apparatus water or nutrient solution and the light application time of LED growth lamp automatically according to the parameter arranged.
6. a kind of soilless culture method as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: haydite is placed in field planting basket by described step 502, culture matrix is placed in haydite upper surface centre position: the material of culture matrix is mineral wool block or rock wool silk or vermiculite.
7. a kind of soilless culture method as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described step 503 manually arranges the parameter on the control display floater on base according to the kind of cultivated plant: parameter is divided into the large class of floristics and water pump and plant lamp working time two, floristics is divided into vegetables and fruits class, vanilla class, flowers class, Chinese herbal medicine class four group; Water pump and plant lamp working time are divided into nursery stage, vegetative period and flowering fruit bearing stage three group.
8. a kind of soilless culture method as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: plant cuttage bar inserts in special cuttage block by described step 502, again cuttage block is put into field planting basket: the material of cuttage block is EV foam, and there is perforate centre, and there is otch side.
CN201410621937.0A 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 Soilless culture device Pending CN105191775A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410621937.0A CN105191775A (en) 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 Soilless culture device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410621937.0A CN105191775A (en) 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 Soilless culture device

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766452A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-20 苏州市农业科学院 Indoor intelligent green plant pot for bowl lotus
CN105766606A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 深圳市四季瑶圃生物科技有限公司 Eye protection plant table lamp, control method for same and plant cultivation method
CN105875389A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-24 浙江耀达智能科技股份有限公司 Plant culture device
CN106234199A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 浙江毛毛虫环保科技有限公司 A kind of Intelligent indoor cultivation apparatus without soil
CN106472155A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-03-08 苏州瑞腾生态科技有限公司 A kind of plants planter of controllable temperature
CN106613864A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-05-10 深圳市琪树科技有限公司 Soilless culture apparatus
CN107711471A (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-23 泰州市奥龙生物科技有限公司 Hydroponic box with recyclable field planting basket
CN107950376A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-24 杭州智控网络有限公司 Planting container for plant
CN108419662A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-08-21 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of aerosol training device may act as light source
CN108812263A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-11-16 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 A kind of domestication water surface planting plant method
CN109006449A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-18 鲜语智慧(广州)农业科技有限公司 A kind of stereoscopic multi-layer mobile planting system
CN109644733A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-19 陈有添 High volume production plant feed unit
WO2019120288A1 (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-06-27 Aspara Limited An apparatus, a system, a method and a light control device for facilitating hydroponic cultivation
CN113100049A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-07-13 佛山市谷思贝生物科技有限公司 High-efficient water-saving culture bucket
CN114158475A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-03-11 甘肃农业大学 Laboratory potato aseptic aeroponics test device

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CN2682824Y (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-03-09 中国农业大学 Coarse sand cultivation device for vegetable anniversary production
KR20080006233U (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-16 홍영미 Indoor and outdoor pollen with emit light
CN102047835A (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-11 凌炜强 Normal environmental plant hydroponics technology
CN102613062A (en) * 2011-01-29 2012-08-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Seedling culture device and seedling culture method
JP2014000023A (en) * 2012-06-15 2014-01-09 Shigeru Inui Hydroponics apparatus and hydroponics system
CN203454034U (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-02-26 泳立(厦门)机械有限公司 Light source adjusting structure of indoor plant cultivation device
CA2888956A1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-05 Galaxy Color S.R.L. Device for domestic hydroponic cultivation
CN203851580U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-01 李水清 Intelligent soilless culture device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2682824Y (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-03-09 中国农业大学 Coarse sand cultivation device for vegetable anniversary production
KR20080006233U (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-16 홍영미 Indoor and outdoor pollen with emit light
CN102047835A (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-11 凌炜强 Normal environmental plant hydroponics technology
CN102613062A (en) * 2011-01-29 2012-08-01 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Seedling culture device and seedling culture method
JP2014000023A (en) * 2012-06-15 2014-01-09 Shigeru Inui Hydroponics apparatus and hydroponics system
CA2888956A1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-05 Galaxy Color S.R.L. Device for domestic hydroponic cultivation
CN203454034U (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-02-26 泳立(厦门)机械有限公司 Light source adjusting structure of indoor plant cultivation device
CN203851580U (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-01 李水清 Intelligent soilless culture device

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766606A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 深圳市四季瑶圃生物科技有限公司 Eye protection plant table lamp, control method for same and plant cultivation method
CN105766452A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-20 苏州市农业科学院 Indoor intelligent green plant pot for bowl lotus
CN105875389A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-24 浙江耀达智能科技股份有限公司 Plant culture device
CN107711471A (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-23 泰州市奥龙生物科技有限公司 Hydroponic box with recyclable field planting basket
CN106234199A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 浙江毛毛虫环保科技有限公司 A kind of Intelligent indoor cultivation apparatus without soil
CN106613864A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-05-10 深圳市琪树科技有限公司 Soilless culture apparatus
CN106472155A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-03-08 苏州瑞腾生态科技有限公司 A kind of plants planter of controllable temperature
WO2019120288A1 (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-06-27 Aspara Limited An apparatus, a system, a method and a light control device for facilitating hydroponic cultivation
CN107950376A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-24 杭州智控网络有限公司 Planting container for plant
CN108419662A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-08-21 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of aerosol training device may act as light source
CN108419662B (en) * 2018-05-07 2024-01-16 佛山科学技术学院 Aerosol culture device capable of serving as light source
CN108812263A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-11-16 金寨县冠友盆景园艺有限公司 A kind of domestication water surface planting plant method
CN109006449A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-18 鲜语智慧(广州)农业科技有限公司 A kind of stereoscopic multi-layer mobile planting system
CN109644733A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-19 陈有添 High volume production plant feed unit
CN113100049A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-07-13 佛山市谷思贝生物科技有限公司 High-efficient water-saving culture bucket
CN114158475A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-03-11 甘肃农业大学 Laboratory potato aseptic aeroponics test device
CN114158475B (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-11-25 甘肃农业大学 Laboratory potato aseptic aeroponics test device

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Address after: 200050 1 floor 1479 rooms, No. 33, No. 33, Guang Shun Road, Shanghai

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