CN105191623A - Culture method of cotton seedlings - Google Patents

Culture method of cotton seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105191623A
CN105191623A CN201510554111.1A CN201510554111A CN105191623A CN 105191623 A CN105191623 A CN 105191623A CN 201510554111 A CN201510554111 A CN 201510554111A CN 105191623 A CN105191623 A CN 105191623A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
seedling
seed
parts
seedbed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201510554111.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方红珍
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TONGLING WUTONGSHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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TONGLING WUTONGSHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by TONGLING WUTONGSHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical TONGLING WUTONGSHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510554111.1A priority Critical patent/CN105191623A/en
Publication of CN105191623A publication Critical patent/CN105191623A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a culture method of cotton seedlings. The method comprises processes as follows: pretreatment of seeds; preparation of nutrient soil: evenly mixing 2 parts of fertile field soil, 2 parts of composted earthworm cast, 2 parts of urea, 2 parts of a Field microbial starter culture, 1 part of sieved fine slag and 1 part of saw dust, adding 1 kg of calcium superphosphate to bed soil per cubic meter, paving a seedbed with the nutrient soil 8-12 cm thick, filling a seedling culture plate with the rest nutrient soil, and slightly suppressing the soil for use; mixing 8-10 g of 50% thiophanate methyl wettable powder or 50% carbendazim thiram wettable powder into 3 kg of field soil, evenly mixing the soil to prepare agent soil, and evenly scattering the agent soil on the seedbed; sowing; seedling culture management. The seedlings cultured with the nutrient soil and the culture method grow vigorously and have developed root systems, high disease resistance and high adaptability after being transplanted.

Description

One breeding method growing cotton seedling
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of crop cultivation, particularly relate to a breeding method growing cotton seedling.
Background technology
Cotton plants in world wide comparatively extensively and the vegetables be loved by the people, and along with the development of agricultural, the restriction in season has been broken in cotton culture.But, plantation causes the soil-borne disease such as cotton verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt constantly to increase the weight of continuously for many years, continuous cropping obstacle becomes increasingly conspicuous, seriously constrain the production of cotton, damage by disease and insect becomes the restraining factors of cotton culture, and using chemical pesticide in a large number both increased production cost, brought contamination of products again, health risk, this is growing vegetables technical barrier in the urgent need to address.Nursery is the important means that cotton obtains precocity, high yield, fine quality production.The selection of nursery date of seeding, the pretreatment of seed, vernalization, configuration Nutrient medium, seedling management all have vital impact to the quality of seedling.Enter 21 century, the seedling medium that nursery all over the world adopts is main component mainly with the peat composed of rotten mosses greatly, occur in recent years processing to feces of livestock and poultry, crops straw, house refuse, mud, trade waste etc. the organic culture matrix obtained, but a kind of breeding method is only suitable for some areas, and the characteristic study that therefore the present invention is directed to Central China has gone out a kind of method of cultivating cotton seedling.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the breeding method of a kind of soil of applicable Central China and the cotton seedling of Temperature Features is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a breeding method growing cotton seedling, comprises following process:
(1). the pretreatment of seed: seed is put into 50-70 DEG C of water and constantly stir, until drop to room temperature, seed soaking time is 6 ~ 8 hours, and constantly wash seed by rubbing with the hands, mucus is removed, to accelerate water suction and to breathe, pulls seed in water out and spread out and dry in the air 15 ~ 20 minutes, after making the surface of the seed moisture loss, wrap with the wet cloth of cleaning;
(2). configuration Nutrition Soil: by fertile rural area soil 2 parts, the wormcast 2 parts that becomes thoroughly decomposed, 2 parts, urea, Fu Erde microbe leaven 2 parts, the fine slag 1 part that sieves, wood chip 1 part of Homogeneous phase mixing, every cubic metre of bed soil adds 1kg superphosphate again, the Nutrition Soil that the 8 ~ 12cm that tiles in seedbed is thick, residue Nutrition Soil loads seedling culture hole plate and suppresses for subsequent use a little; Can wet-milling or 50% carbendazim tmtd can mix in 3kg rural area soil by wet-milling 8 ~ l0g by 50% thiophanate-methyl, fully medicine soil be made in mixing, is evenly sprinkling upon on seedbed by medicine soil;
(3). sowing: punch in seedling culture hole plate with card punch, the center in cave will be beaten in hole, hole depth: 1.2-1.4 centimetre, seed is placed in the hole at center, cave, one, every cave; Seed keeps flat, and covers, is laid in seedbed by the seedling culture hole plate sowed, and is irrigated by cave dish in time, spray and want light and even, prevent the matrix in hole and seed to go out when watering with clear water;
(4). seedling management: germination period temperature controls at 27-30 degree, and humidity is more than 90%; Plumular axis bends the temperature during soil of top: daytime 28 DEG C, evening 20 DEG C, humidity reaches more than 80%, suitably sprays clear water when stromal surface is dry, increases humidity neat in order to emerging; Note shading when noon, sunlight was strong; Fine day can the stronger ventilation time, allows seedling slowly grow at a lower temperature, is finally bred as the short strong sprout that stem slubbing is close, leaf is dark green, root system is many, and Plug seedling age is 40 ~ 50 days; Thinning to be carried out and transplant seedlings filling a vacancy after cotyledon launches, seedling unnecessary in single cave be pulled up and moves in the hole that is short of seedling, seedling unnecessary in cave is deleted simultaneously, be short of seedling after moving and mending, immediately to seedbed sprinkling clear water; Before field planting 1 ~ 2 day, 1 carbendazim, zineb etc. should be sprayed, in case seedbed disease brings land for growing field crops into.
The beneficial effect that the present invention adopts is: adopt the seedling that Nutrition Soil of the present invention and breeding method are cultivated, and growth potential is strong, well developed root system, and disease resistance is strong, strong adaptability after transplanting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment: (1). the pretreatment of seed: seed is put into 60 DEG C of water and constantly stir, until drop to room temperature, seed soaking time is 7 hours, and constantly wash seed by rubbing with the hands, mucus is removed, to accelerate water suction and to breathe, pulls seed in water out and spread out and dry in the air 18 minutes, after making the surface of the seed moisture loss, wrap with the wet cloth of cleaning;
(2). configuration Nutrition Soil: by fertile rural area soil 2 parts, the wormcast 2 parts that becomes thoroughly decomposed, 2 parts, urea, Fu Erde microbe leaven 2 parts, the fine slag 1 part that sieves, wood chip 1 part of Homogeneous phase mixing, every cubic metre of bed soil adds 1kg superphosphate again, the Nutrition Soil that the 10cm that tiles in seedbed is thick, residue Nutrition Soil loads seedling culture hole plate and suppresses for subsequent use a little; Can wet-milling or 50% carbendazim tmtd can mix in 3kg rural area soil by wet-milling l0g by 50% thiophanate-methyl, fully medicine soil be made in mixing, is evenly sprinkling upon on seedbed by medicine soil;
(3). sowing: punch in seedling culture hole plate with card punch, the center in cave will be beaten in hole, hole depth: 1.4 centimetres, seed is placed in the hole at center, cave, one, every cave; Seed keeps flat, and covers, is laid in seedbed by the seedling culture hole plate sowed, and is irrigated by cave dish in time, spray and want light and even, prevent the matrix in hole and seed to go out when watering with clear water;
(4). seedling management: germination period temperature controls at 27-30 degree, and humidity is more than 90%; Plumular axis bends the temperature during soil of top: daytime 28 DEG C, evening 20 DEG C, humidity reaches more than 80%, suitably sprays clear water when stromal surface is dry, increases humidity neat in order to emerging; Note shading when noon, sunlight was strong; Fine day can the stronger ventilation time, allows seedling slowly grow at a lower temperature, is finally bred as the short strong sprout that stem slubbing is close, leaf is dark green, root system is many, and Plug seedling age is 40 ~ 50 days; Thinning to be carried out and transplant seedlings filling a vacancy after cotyledon launches, seedling unnecessary in single cave be pulled up and moves in the hole that is short of seedling, seedling unnecessary in cave is deleted simultaneously, be short of seedling after moving and mending, immediately to seedbed sprinkling clear water; Before field planting 1 ~ 2 day, 1 carbendazim, zineb etc. should be sprayed, in case seedbed disease brings land for growing field crops into.
Adopt the seedling that Nutrition Soil of the present invention and breeding method are cultivated, growth potential is strong, well developed root system, and disease resistance is strong, strong adaptability after transplanting.
Those skilled in the art should know; protection scheme of the present invention is not limited only to the above embodiments; various permutation and combination and conversion can also be carried out on the basis of above-described embodiment; under the prerequisite without prejudice to spirit of the present invention, the various conversion that the present invention carries out all are dropped in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a breeding method growing cotton seedling, comprises following process:
(1). the pretreatment of seed: seed is put into 50-70 DEG C of water and constantly stir, until drop to room temperature, seed soaking time is 6 ~ 8 hours, and constantly wash seed by rubbing with the hands, mucus is removed, to accelerate water suction and to breathe, pulls seed in water out and spread out and dry in the air 15 ~ 20 minutes, after making the surface of the seed moisture loss, wrap with the wet cloth of cleaning;
(2). configuration Nutrition Soil: by fertile rural area soil 2 parts, the wormcast 2 parts that becomes thoroughly decomposed, 2 parts, urea, Fu Erde microbe leaven 2 parts, the fine slag 1 part that sieves, wood chip 1 part of Homogeneous phase mixing, every cubic metre of bed soil adds 1kg superphosphate again, the Nutrition Soil that the 8 ~ 12cm that tiles in seedbed is thick, residue Nutrition Soil loads seedling culture hole plate and suppresses for subsequent use a little; Can wet-milling or 50% carbendazim tmtd can mix in 3kg rural area soil by wet-milling 8 ~ l0g by 50% thiophanate-methyl, fully medicine soil be made in mixing, is evenly sprinkling upon on seedbed by medicine soil;
(3). sowing: punch in seedling culture hole plate with card punch, the center in cave will be beaten in hole, hole depth: 1.2-1.4 centimetre, seed is placed in the hole at center, cave, one, every cave; Seed keeps flat, and covers, is laid in seedbed by the seedling culture hole plate sowed, and is irrigated by cave dish in time, spray and want light and even, prevent the matrix in hole and seed to go out when watering with clear water;
(4). seedling management: germination period temperature controls at 27-30 degree, and humidity is more than 90%; Plumular axis bends the temperature during soil of top: daytime 28 DEG C, evening 20 DEG C, humidity reaches more than 80%, suitably sprays clear water when stromal surface is dry, increases humidity neat in order to emerging; Note shading when noon, sunlight was strong; Fine day can the stronger ventilation time, allows seedling slowly grow at a lower temperature, is finally bred as the short strong sprout that stem slubbing is close, leaf is dark green, root system is many, and Plug seedling age is 40 ~ 50 days; Thinning to be carried out and transplant seedlings filling a vacancy after cotyledon launches, seedling unnecessary in single cave be pulled up and moves in the hole that is short of seedling, seedling unnecessary in cave is deleted simultaneously, be short of seedling after moving and mending, immediately to seedbed sprinkling clear water; Before field planting 1 ~ 2 day, 1 carbendazim, zineb etc. should be sprayed, in case seedbed disease brings land for growing field crops into.
CN201510554111.1A 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Culture method of cotton seedlings Withdrawn CN105191623A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510554111.1A CN105191623A (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Culture method of cotton seedlings

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510554111.1A CN105191623A (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Culture method of cotton seedlings

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794466A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-27 陆开云 High-yield cotton seed seedling-raising method
CN105900560A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-31 长江大学 Seedling breeding method of cotton seedlings
CN106258067A (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-01-04 巢湖市种子协会 A kind of presoaking and germinating method of cotton seeds
CN108605808A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-10-02 合肥云都棉花有限公司 A kind of culture substrate for saline-alkali tolerant raising seedling of cotton
CN108739316A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-11-06 金华市全宇农业科技有限公司 A kind of raising seedling of cotton method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794466A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-27 陆开云 High-yield cotton seed seedling-raising method
CN105900560A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-31 长江大学 Seedling breeding method of cotton seedlings
CN105900560B (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-11-06 长江大学 The method for culturing seedlings of cotton seedling
CN106258067A (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-01-04 巢湖市种子协会 A kind of presoaking and germinating method of cotton seeds
CN108605808A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-10-02 合肥云都棉花有限公司 A kind of culture substrate for saline-alkali tolerant raising seedling of cotton
CN108739316A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-11-06 金华市全宇农业科技有限公司 A kind of raising seedling of cotton method

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