CN1050484A - The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method - Google Patents

The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1050484A
CN1050484A CN 89106828 CN89106828A CN1050484A CN 1050484 A CN1050484 A CN 1050484A CN 89106828 CN89106828 CN 89106828 CN 89106828 A CN89106828 A CN 89106828A CN 1050484 A CN1050484 A CN 1050484A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
increasing agent
edible fungus
production increasing
spray
bag
Prior art date
Application number
CN 89106828
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵清华
Original Assignee
赵清华
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 赵清华 filed Critical 赵清华
Priority to CN 89106828 priority Critical patent/CN1050484A/en
Publication of CN1050484A publication Critical patent/CN1050484A/en

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Abstract

The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method are mainly used in the flat mushroom volume increase, and other edible mushroom is also had tangible effect of increasing production.Production increasing agent of the present invention is formulated by nutrient and plant growth substance.During use stoste is converted water dilution back spraying, spray the back and strengthen injection flow rate and ventilation, to guarantee the needs of sporophore growth.

Description

The present invention is a kind of improved edible fungus production increasing agent, mainly is applicable to flat mushroom production, and other edible mushroom is also had tangible effect of increasing production.
Current, the edible fungi nutrition formula of liquid is a lot, but mostly because of the nutrient dullness, proportioning is not proper, thereby effect of increasing production is remarkable inadequately, generally only increases production 20-40%.Though the prescription nutrient that Shandong Province edible mushroom research institute provides is more complete, effect of increasing production is better, because Cobastab 1Deng the key component consumption very little, the plant growth regulator effect of selecting for use neither be best, so amount of increase in production also can only reach about 60%.Except the volume increase agent prescription, it also is one of unfavorable major reason of amount of increase in production that the supporting research of its using method and cultivation management measure is not caught up with.
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can promote that edible mushroom grows fast, can guarantee the edible mushroom nutrient solution of the required various nutrient components of growth fast again, and the cultivation management technology supporting with it is provided, so that further improve output and the quality of edible mushroom.
Production increasing agent of the present invention mainly is made up of nutrient and plant growth substance two large divisions.Nutrient comprises: element and vitamins such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, magnesium, molybdenum, boron; Plant growth substance selects for use the gibberellin effect best.
Its basic recipe is:
Glucose (or sucrose) 30-45%
Urea 20-25%
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 20-25%
Magnesium sulfate 4-8%
Zinc sulphate 2-4%
Boric acid 1-2%
Ammonium molybdate 1-2%
Cobastab 1(pure) 1-4%
Gibberellin 0.1-0.9%
Its compound method is:
Earlier gibberellin is dissolved in the 20-30 alcohol doubly, this gibberellin alcoholic solution and above-mentioned all kinds of solid medicine is dissolved in an amount of water is made into stoste again, dilution gets final product according to desired concn during use.
Best using method is:
Begin to use to the match end size when the mushroom flower bud is long, with 150-300 times of dilution (promptly 1 gram production increasing agent is converted water 150-300 gram) spraying, every day 1 time: spray with 150-200 times of dilution when arriving 3-4 centimetre when the mushroom flower bud is long, every day is more than twice, until gathering.
After spraying production increasing agent.Sporophore growth is very fast, demand to moisture and air heightens, in management, must strengthen injection flow rate and ventilation, if moisture and air are under-supply, can cause a large amount of dead mushrooms, cause the serious underproduction, also to change simple conventional management way to the space spraying and moisturizing, should spray to the space, again directly to the mushroom spray body, 3-4 hour daytime, spray was 1 time, 1 big flood of spray before the sleep in evening, the space, ground, the mushroom body all will spray, and best ground is ponding slightly, the control principle of injection flow rate is: moisture film basic absorption in 10-20 minute on fruit body surface, water spray back illustrates that injection flow rate is suitable.If it is too fast that liquid film absorbs, illustrate that injection flow rate is very few, or air humidity is too low; If liquid film absorbed slowly, illustrate that injection flow rate is excessive, should reduce injection flow rate, too big or mushroom room temperature is too low so long as not wind in case mashed mushroom, preferably keep the whole day ventilation, with the oxygen supply of assurance sporophore growth.
After spraying production increasing agent, long big especially of fruit body therefore when bag is planted, must keep the distance more than 2 centimetres between bag and the bag, forbids junction of the edges of two sheets of paper piling, in order to avoid auricle is crowded, inner anoxic causes and rots mushroom.
The present invention compares with other nutrient solution, and its maximum characteristics are the comprehensive functions with nutrient and plant growth substance, and the use culture technique supporting with it arranged, thereby amount of increase in production is big.It not only has trophism and stimulates the effect of sporophore growth, and can prevent dead flower bud, dead mushroom.
Because it is comprehensive to replenish nutrient, ratio is appropriate, strengthened again supplying water and ventilating, can not guarantee that nearly all mushroom flower bud can both grow normal stem and cap so need not dredge flower bud aborning yet, thereby effect of increasing production is obvious, from test situation, adopts same kind, the total biology efficient of three damp mushrooms of not executing production increasing agent is generally 100-130%, uses this production increasing agent.The first damp mushroom biology efficient just can reach 120-150%, and the highest total biology efficient of 200%, three damp mushroom that surpasses reaches 250-300%, and output is enhanced about more than once.
Embodiment
In order to verify the effect of increasing production of edible fungus production increasing agent of the present invention, year April in October, 1988 to 1989, with other four kinds preferably edible fungi nutrition liquid carried out comparative trial.
Experimental cultivar: blue or green flat No. four
Composts or fertilisers of cultivating: pure cotton seed hulls
Planting type: bag is planted
Whenever plant charging: 2 kilograms
Experiment quantity: handle 150 bags for every kind
Nutrient solution prescription (per 10 kilograms):
No. 1: alar-85 0.1 gram 0.662%
Cobastab 110 milligram 0.066%
Magnesium sulfate 5 grams 33.805%
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 10 grams 66.181%
No. 2: urea 4 grams 28.571%
White sugar 10 grams 71.429%
No. 3: Cobastab 120.5 restrain 2.326%
Magnesium sulfate 4 grams 18.608%
Cobastab 15 grams 23.256%
Zinc sulphate 2 grams 9.304%
Urea 10 grams 46.512%
No. 4: 10 milligram 0.077% of methyl
Cobastab 16 milligram 0.046%
Magnesium sulfate 3 grams 23.048%
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 8 grams 61.462%
Zinc sulphate 2 grams 15.367%
No. 5: (production increasing agent)
Glucose 20 grams 33.613%
Urea 14 grams 23.529%
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 14 grams 23.529%
Magnesium sulfate 4 grams 6.706%
Zinc sulphate 2 grams 3.353%
Boric acid 1 gram 1.677%
Ammonium molybdate 1 gram 1.677%
Cobastab 1(pure) 1 gram 1.677%
Gibberellin 0.5 gram 0.838%
No. 6: clear water (contrast)
Insecticide-applying way: to the fruit body spraying, once a day,
The test initial stage, the unified management method that adopts the space spraying, relative air humidity remains on about 95%.Test is found: spray a group of production increasing agent, the fruit body development initial stage, growth rate is obviously faster than other each group, but after fruit body length is to diameter 8-10 centimetre, growth rate obviously slows down, and then it is withered, dead, but the one deck near ground still keeps significant growth vigor, analyzing reason, may be that the fruit body of bottom can absorb more water from the steam that ground and evaporation from land surface go out, and the top fruit body is because growth rate is too fast, supply falls short of demand for moisture, thereby cause lack of water death, so change the way that fruit body is directly sprayed and surged into, problem has obtained solution.
Count from gathering for the first time, the 15th, 16 and 30,31 4 day, we carried out title one by one, survey and produce the fruit body that reaches harvesting standard.From surveying the product situation, this production increasing agent effect is best, volume increase 153%, secondly total biology efficient reaches 273% is the prescription (i.e. No. 4 prescriptions) of Shandong Province edible mushroom research institute, volume increase 58.9%, the all obviously low above two kinds of prescriptions of total biology efficient 178%, the effect of increasing production of other three kinds of prescriptions and biology efficient.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of edible fungus production increasing agent, it is made up of nutrient (element and vitamins such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, molybdenum, magnesium, boron) and plant growth substance (gibberellin) two parts, it is characterized in that:
Glucose (or sucrose) 30-45%
Urea 20-25%
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 20-25%
Magnesium sulfate 4-8%
Zinc sulphate 2-4%
Boric acid 1-2%
Ammonium molybdate 1-2%
Cobastab 1(pure) 1-4%
Gibberellin 0.1-0.9%
2, edible fungus production increasing agent according to claim 1 is characterized in that earlier gibberellin being dissolved in the 20-30 alcohol doubly, this gibberellin alcoholic solution and above-mentioned all kinds of solid medicine is dissolved in is made into stoste in the suitable quantity of water again.
3, a kind of using method of edible fungus production increasing agent is characterized in that according to desired concn stoste being diluted spray application, sprays the back and strengthens injection flow rate and ventilation, and bag will keep suitable distance with bag when bag was planted.
4, edible fungus production increasing agent using method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that when edible fungus cluster flower bud length is big or small to match end, beginning to use, with 150 to 300 times of dilution sprayings, every day 1 time, when long to 3 to 4 centimetres of mushroom flower bud, spray with 150 to 200 times of dilutions, every day more than 2 times until gathering.
5, edible fungus production increasing agent using method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that spraying water and preserve moisture and to spray to the space, again directly to the mushroom spray body, 3 to 4 hours daytimes, spray was 1 time, big flood of spray before the sleep in evening, but injection flow rate is suitable with fruit body surface moisture film basic absorption in 10 to 20 minutes.
6, edible fungus production increasing agent using method according to claim 3 is characterized in that keeping whole day to ventilate.
7, edible fungus production increasing agent using method according to claim 3, when it is characterized in that bag is planted, bag will keep distance more than 2 centimetres with bag.
CN 89106828 1989-09-29 1989-09-29 The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method CN1050484A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89106828 CN1050484A (en) 1989-09-29 1989-09-29 The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89106828 CN1050484A (en) 1989-09-29 1989-09-29 The preparation of edible fungus production increasing agent and using method

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CN1050484A true CN1050484A (en) 1991-04-10

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1050031C (en) * 1992-10-28 2000-03-08 曾福生 Bud-strengthening agent and its preparation method
CN101002556B (en) * 2006-12-06 2010-04-21 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Environmental protection type sterilizing potentiator for mushroom compost, its preparing method and utilization method
CN102584421A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-07-18 天津市林业果树研究所 Cured material bag-cultured ganoderma lucidum energy-concentrating nutritional bullet and preparation and using method thereof
CN102696458A (en) * 2011-03-26 2012-10-03 琚江河 Edible fungus compost, production method thereof and edible fungus culture process
CN102845217A (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-01-02 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Factory culture method for needle mushroom
CN103467145A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 精晶药业股份有限公司 Method for producing edible mushroom nutrient solution by fermentation method
CN104529587A (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-04-22 陈申宽 Formula of mushroom culture rejuvenation agent
CN104823713A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-12 吴中区胥口精益生物医药研究所 Mixed culture basic material for edible mushroom cultivation and application method thereof
CN104871816A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-09-02 苏州葛家坞生物科技有限公司 Method for planting mushrooms with a high yield
CN104892106A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-09 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 Edible fungus disease preventing and disease resistant growth promoting conditioner
CN104945195A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-30 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Morchella esculenta yield increase agent and application thereof
CN106134769A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-11-23 贵州师范大学 A kind of manufacture method of Boletus edulis Bull ex Franch original seed

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1050031C (en) * 1992-10-28 2000-03-08 曾福生 Bud-strengthening agent and its preparation method
CN101002556B (en) * 2006-12-06 2010-04-21 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Environmental protection type sterilizing potentiator for mushroom compost, its preparing method and utilization method
CN102696458B (en) * 2011-03-26 2015-06-03 琚江河 Edible fungus compost, production method thereof and edible fungus culture process
CN102696458A (en) * 2011-03-26 2012-10-03 琚江河 Edible fungus compost, production method thereof and edible fungus culture process
CN102584421A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-07-18 天津市林业果树研究所 Cured material bag-cultured ganoderma lucidum energy-concentrating nutritional bullet and preparation and using method thereof
CN102584421B (en) * 2011-12-27 2015-01-07 天津市林业果树研究所 Cured material bag-cultured ganoderma lucidum energy-concentrating nutritional bullet and preparation and using method thereof
CN102845217A (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-01-02 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Factory culture method for needle mushroom
CN103467145A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 精晶药业股份有限公司 Method for producing edible mushroom nutrient solution by fermentation method
CN104529587A (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-04-22 陈申宽 Formula of mushroom culture rejuvenation agent
CN104823713A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-12 吴中区胥口精益生物医药研究所 Mixed culture basic material for edible mushroom cultivation and application method thereof
CN104871816A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-09-02 苏州葛家坞生物科技有限公司 Method for planting mushrooms with a high yield
CN104892106A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-09 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 Edible fungus disease preventing and disease resistant growth promoting conditioner
CN104892106B (en) * 2015-05-18 2017-11-07 湖南省土壤肥料研究所 A kind of edible mushroom disease resistance growth promoting conditioner
CN104945195A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-30 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Morchella esculenta yield increase agent and application thereof
CN106134769A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-11-23 贵州师范大学 A kind of manufacture method of Boletus edulis Bull ex Franch original seed

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