CN104987045A - Preparation process of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain - Google Patents

Preparation process of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain Download PDF

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CN104987045A
CN104987045A CN201510351966.4A CN201510351966A CN104987045A CN 104987045 A CN104987045 A CN 104987045A CN 201510351966 A CN201510351966 A CN 201510351966A CN 104987045 A CN104987045 A CN 104987045A
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glaze
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temmoku
kiln
greyness
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CN104987045B (en
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史江伟
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史江伟
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Abstract

Provided is a preparation process of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain. The preparation process comprises the following steps of 1, body firing, 2, glaze preparation, 3, glazing and 4, firing. The glaze is composed of black powder soil and ferrotitanium ore, the black powder soil accounts for 65-75 parts of the total weight of temmoku glaze raw materials, and the ferrotitanium ore accounts for 25-35 parts of the total weight of the temmoku glaze raw materials. The preparation process of the greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain comprises the steps that the ferrotitanium ore is included in the glaze materials, and comprises the main components of pseudobrookite, Ti is adopted as color development reagent of temmoku glaze greyness, bubbles in a glaze layer float upwards to break through a glaze face, grey corrosion is left on the glaze face, and due to the fact that iron elements are black in the firing process, the glazing color is shown as black-background grain with the grey corrosion. Due to the fact that a large amount of the black powder soil is added to the glaze materials, the glaze material formula of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze fired in ancient times is restored to the maximum extent, and the fired glaze is plain and dignified in color, and is of great momentum.

Description

A kind of preparation technology of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic manufacture field, be specially a kind of preparation technology of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
Background technology
Namely temmoku glaze puts up a kiln the black small cup the fired call in Japan.Put up a kiln with Jianyang, Fujian Province's today for representative, kiln site in Shui Ji town, Jianyang, to produce black porcelain and famous.During the Tang Dynasty, wound is burnt, the most prevailing to the Song dynasty especially Southern Song Dynasty, the end to the Qing Dynasty.
In the ceramic artistic glaze kind of China, " temmoku glaze " comes from the Song dynasty, refers to that Fujian puts up a kiln and the tea small cup of Jiangxi Chien ware the earliest, and the porcelain of Fan Shihei glaze is referred to as " temmoku ", as the francolin spot, hawksbill turtle, oil droplet, iron embroidery, sunlight change etc. that are commonly called as.The burning techniques of temmoku glaze is called as " masterstroke ", masterstroke " god " is executing a kind of glaze colours, one fired namely present colorful, change unpredictably, the xln that feature is different, that the pure natural that people's will not can be is formed, this glaze colours has its very important status in China's porcelain developing history, is considered to the tidemark of pottery collection.
On glaze colours, presenting spot not of uniform size when temmoku glaze is fired, is the liquid phase separation based on high temperature fusibility, is once fired form by oxydizing flame or reducing flame.Due to composition and the sintering technology complex of glaze, the mobility of glaze is very large, and firing range is extremely narrow, and the effect of decorative patterns occurred in different situations of firing is completely different.The change of glaze layer under high temperature fused state, people cannot estimate and control, the slight change of ambient conditions, or is difficult to the duration and degree of heating of grasp in sintering procedure, usually cause yield rate low, and quality is unstable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the preparation technology proposing a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, to solve Problems existing and defect in above-mentioned technology, produce a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
The present invention in order to the taked technical scheme that solves the problem is:
A preparation technology for greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze, comprises the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to certain ratio after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 20-60min, fineness reaches 250-300 order; After mud 6-20h is beaten in mixing, the mud plastotype beaten by gained becomes plain tire, and plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 4-5h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, temmoku glaze raw material mixed according to a certain percentage and puts into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 40-80min, after the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling reaches 300-400 order, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 52-58%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 2-4 second to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1-2mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2-3cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 350-400 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1000-1100 DEG C, control at 7-9h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1250-1300 DEG C from 1000-1100 DEG C of continuation in 5-6h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
In described step one, the mud beaten is pulled and be shaped to plain tire.
Described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 30-35 part, titanium iron ore 10-20 part, carclazyte 20-30 part, alkali stone 6-10 part, kibushi clay 7-10 part, melilith 3-5 part and talcum 1.5-4 part;
Wherein, described titanium iron ore is the titanium iron ore taking from locality, Shi Wan river, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, is iron and titanyl compound mineral, and predominant amount per-cent is that FeTiO3 accounts for 90 parts, CaO accounts for 4.22 parts, MgO accounts for 2.01 parts, SiO 2account for 3.77 parts;
Described alkali stone is for taking from the local a kind of caesious building stones in western ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and belong to flint clay class, quality is superfine, and originate in coal, two folded coal measures bottoms, predominant amount per-cent is Al 2o 3account for 38.79 parts, SiO 2account for 45.65 parts, TiO 2account for 0.47 part, Fe 2o 3account for 0.35 part, CaO accounts for 0.38 part, Na 2o accounts for 0.05 part, MgO accounts for 0.15 part, Li 2o accounts for 0.08 part, impurity accounts for 14.08 parts;
Described kibushi clay is the camwood knag taking from locality, western ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and outward appearance is generally in mulberry, brown or sorrel, and can improve chinaware body intensity, improve slip fluidity, predominant amount per-cent is SiO 2account for 60 parts, Al 2o 3account for 28-33 part, carbonaceous humus accounts for 7-12 part;
Described carclazyte takes from a kind of white kaolin produced locality, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and the percentage composition of major ingredient is Al 2o 3account for 14.2 parts, SiO 2account for 65.97 parts, Fe 2o 3account for 4.83 parts, CaO accounts for 0.03 part, MgO accounts for 1.37 parts, K 2o accounts for 3.68 parts, Na 2o accounts for 0.02 part, impurity accounts for 9.9 parts;
Described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: black powder soil 65-75 part and titanium iron ore 25-35 part;
Wherein, described black powder soil calls on the black powder soil of tap drain locality for taking from ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, the percentage composition of main component is SiO 2account for 57.67 parts, Al 2o 3account for 12.53 parts, CaO accounts for 11.35 parts, Fe 2o 3account for 5.60 parts, TiO 2account for 1.75 parts, MgO accounts for 4.97 parts, K 2o accounts for 3.25 parts, Na 2o accounts for 2.88 parts;
Described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 33 parts, titanium iron ore 18 parts, carclazyte 25 parts, 8 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 10 parts, melilith 4 parts and 2 parts, talcum.
Described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: 70 parts, black powder soil and titanium iron ore 30 parts.
In described step one, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 5h at 930 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace.
When kiln temperature rises to 1290 DEG C from 1000 DEG C in 6h in described step 4, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
In described sintering procedure, when oxidizing atmosphere used and oxygen provide abundance, the flame atmosphere in complete combustion of fuel situation; Reducing atmosphere used and oxygen supply deficiency, the flame atmosphere in non-complete combustion of fuel situation, now can produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, have reductive action.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain of the present invention, the control of preparation technology is the key forming temmoku glaze, the firing temperature of glaze is between 1250-1350 DEG C, scope is larger, thus glaze burn till relatively good grasp, but the formation of speckle, then closely relevant with firing atmosphere and process of cooling.Fe 2o 3decomposition temperature about 1150 DEG C of beginnings, strongly carry out after 1200 DEG C, be continued until about 1250 DEG C.Glaze initial melting temperature is about 1200 DEG C, along with glaze melting, glaze surface-closed, gas is discharged and is obstructed, and form bubble in glaze layer inside, the aggravation of decomposition impels bubble parameters, small bubbles merge becomes air pocket, under glaze melt viscosity and the suitable condition of surface tension, gas floats and breaks through glaze paint, leaves a trace on glaze surface.
Titanium iron ore is contained in glaze, main component is ferrous titanate, Ti is as the photoghraphic coupler of temmoku glaze greyness, along with the bubble floating in glaze layer breaks through glaze paint, glaze paint leaves gray corrosion, again because ferro element is black in the sintering procedure of well-oxygenated environment, so glaze colours shows as the decorative pattern of black background color gray corrosion, because increasing the content of black powder soil in glaze, do not add other the composition putting forward fresh color, farthest reduce glaze formula when firing greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze ancient times, the glaze colours burnt out is simple and unsophisticated thick and heavy, of great momentum.
Embodiment
In conjunction with following specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following examples.Implement process of the present invention, condition, reagent, experimental technique etc., except the following content mentioned specially, be universal knowledege and the common practise of this area, the present invention is not particularly limited content.
A preparation technology for greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze, comprises the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to certain ratio after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 20-60min, fineness reaches 250-300 order; After mud 6-20h is beaten in mixing, the mud plastotype beaten by gained becomes plain tire, and plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 4-5h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, temmoku glaze raw material mixed according to a certain percentage and puts into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 40-80min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 300-400 order, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 52-58%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 2-4 second to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1-2mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2-3cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 350-400 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1000-1100 DEG C, control at 7-9h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1250-1300 DEG C from 1000-1100 DEG C of continuation in 5-6h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
In described step one, the mud beaten is pulled and be shaped to plain tire.
Described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 30-35 part, titanium iron ore 10-20 part, carclazyte 20-30 part, alkali stone 6-10 part, kibushi clay 7-10 part, melilith 3-5 part and talcum 1.5-4 part;
Wherein, described titanium iron ore is the titanium iron ore taking from locality, Shi Wan river, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, is iron and titanyl compound mineral, and predominant amount per-cent is that FeTiO3 accounts for 90 parts, CaO accounts for 4.22 parts, MgO accounts for 2.01 parts, SiO 2account for 3.77 parts;
Described alkali stone is for taking from the local a kind of caesious building stones in western ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and belong to flint clay class, quality is superfine, and originate in coal, two folded coal measures bottoms, predominant amount per-cent is Al 2o 3account for 38.79 parts, SiO 2account for 45.65 parts, TiO 2account for 0.47 part, Fe 2o 3account for 0.35 part, CaO accounts for 0.38 part, Na 2o accounts for 0.05 part, MgO accounts for 0.15 part, Li 2o accounts for 0.08 part, impurity accounts for 14.08 parts;
Described kibushi clay is the camwood knag taking from locality, western ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and outward appearance is generally in mulberry, brown or sorrel, and can improve chinaware body intensity, improve slip fluidity, predominant amount per-cent is SiO 2account for 60 parts, Al 2o 3account for 28-33 part, carbonaceous humus accounts for 7-12 part;
Described carclazyte takes from a kind of white kaolin produced locality, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and the percentage composition of major ingredient is Al 2o 3account for 14.2 parts, SiO 2account for 65.97 parts, Fe 2o 3account for 4.83 parts, CaO accounts for 0.03 part, MgO accounts for 1.37 parts, K 2o accounts for 3.68 parts, Na 2o accounts for 0.02 part, impurity accounts for 9.9 parts;
Described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: black powder soil 65-75 part and titanium iron ore 25-35 part;
Wherein, described black powder soil calls on the black powder soil of tap drain locality for taking from ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, the percentage composition of main component is SiO 2account for 57.67 parts, Al 2o 3account for 12.53 parts, CaO accounts for 11.35 parts, Fe 2o 3account for 5.60 parts, TiO 2account for 1.75 parts, MgO accounts for 4.97 parts, K 2o accounts for 3.25 parts, Na 2o accounts for 2.88 parts;
Described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 33 parts, titanium iron ore 18 parts, carclazyte 25 parts, 8 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 10 parts, melilith 4 parts and 2 parts, talcum.
Described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: 70 parts, black powder soil and titanium iron ore 30 parts.
In described step one, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 5h at 930 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace.
When kiln temperature rises to 1290 DEG C from 1000 DEG C in 6h in described step 4, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
In described sintering procedure, when oxidizing atmosphere used and oxygen provide abundance, the flame atmosphere in complete combustion of fuel situation; Reducing atmosphere used and oxygen supply deficiency, the flame atmosphere in non-complete combustion of fuel situation, now can produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, have reductive action.
Embodiment 1
Fire a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, comprise the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to the ratio of parts by weight quartz sand 30 parts, titanium iron ore 10 parts, carclazyte 20 parts, 6 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 7 parts, melilith 3 parts and 1.5 parts, talcum after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 20min, fineness reaches 250 orders; After mud 6h is beaten in mixing, the mud beaten by gained pulls and shapingly becomes plain tire, plain tire is standing dry after enter kiln biscuiting 4h at 860 DEG C, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, by temmoku glaze raw material according to parts by weight black powder soil 65 parts and titanium iron ore 25 parts ratio mixing put into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 40min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 300 orders, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 52%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 2 seconds to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 350 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1000 DEG C, control at 7h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1250 DEG C from 1000 DEG C of continuation in 5h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
Embodiment 2
Fire a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, comprise the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to the ratio of parts by weight quartz sand 32 parts, titanium iron ore 12 parts, carclazyte 22 parts, 7 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 8 parts, melilith 3 parts and 2 parts, talcum after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 30min, fineness reaches 270 orders; After mud 8h is beaten in mixing, the mud beaten by gained pulls and shapingly becomes plain tire, plain tire is standing dry after enter kiln biscuiting 4h at 880 DEG C, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, by temmoku glaze raw material according to parts by weight black powder soil 68 parts and titanium iron ore 28 parts ratio mixing put into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 50min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 350 orders, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 54%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 2 seconds to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1.5mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 350 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1000 DEG C, control at 7h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1250 DEG C from 1000 DEG C of continuation in 5h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
Embodiment 3
Fire a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, comprise the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to the ratio of parts by weight quartz sand 32 parts, titanium iron ore 15 parts, carclazyte 25 parts, 8 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 9 parts, melilith 4 parts and 3 parts, talcum after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 40min, fineness reaches 270 orders; After mud 13h is beaten in mixing, the mud beaten by gained pulls and shapingly becomes plain tire, plain tire is standing dry after enter kiln biscuiting 4.5h at 900 DEG C, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, by temmoku glaze raw material according to parts by weight black powder soil 70 parts and titanium iron ore 30 parts ratio mixing put into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 60min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 350 orders, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 55%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 3 seconds to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1.5mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 370 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1050 DEG C, control at 8h from room temperature to 1050 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1270 DEG C from 1050 DEG C of continuation in 5h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
Embodiment 4
Fire a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, comprise the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to the ratio of parts by weight quartz sand 34 parts, titanium iron ore 18 parts, carclazyte 28 parts, 9 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 9 parts, melilith 5 parts and 4 parts, talcum after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 50min, fineness reaches 300 orders; After mud 18h is beaten in mixing, the mud beaten by gained pulls and shapingly becomes plain tire, plain tire is standing dry after enter kiln biscuiting 5h at 930 DEG C, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, by temmoku glaze raw material according to parts by weight black powder soil 72 parts and titanium iron ore 32 parts ratio mixing put into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 70min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 370 orders, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 55%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 3 seconds to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 2mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 3cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 380 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1100 DEG C, control at 8.5h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1290 DEG C from 1100 DEG C of continuation in 6h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
Embodiment 5
Fire a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, comprise the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to the ratio of parts by weight quartz sand 35 parts, titanium iron ore 20 parts, carclazyte 30 parts, 10 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 10 parts, melilith 5 parts and 4 parts, talcum after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 60min, fineness reaches 300 orders; After mud 20h is beaten in mixing, the mud beaten by gained pulls and shapingly becomes plain tire, plain tire is standing dry after enter kiln biscuiting 5h at 950 DEG C, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, by temmoku glaze raw material according to parts by weight black powder soil 75 parts and titanium iron ore 35 parts ratio mixing put into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 80min, through the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling at 400 orders, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 58%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 4 seconds to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 2mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 3cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 400 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1100 DEG C, control at 9h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1300 DEG C from 1100 DEG C of continuation in 6h; the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage; make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.

Claims (6)

1. a preparation technology for greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain, is characterized in that: described preparation technology comprises the following steps:
Step one, carcass raw material is mixed according to certain ratio after, stir with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 20-60min, fineness reaches 250-300 order; After mud 6-20h is beaten in mixing, the mud plastotype beaten by gained becomes plain tire, and plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 4-5h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, for subsequent use;
Step 2, temmoku glaze raw material mixed according to a certain percentage and puts into ball mill, add the water identical with temmoku glaze raw material gross weight, start wet-milling 40-80min, after the temmoku glaze slip fineness of wet-milling reaches 300-400 order, leave standstill 24h, use moisture content tester to detect the water content of ground-coat enamel slip, and water content is adjusted to 52-58%, for subsequent use;
Step 3, carry out wiping dedusting with the clean plain tire of wet cloth to step one gained, while wiping by the temmoku glaze slip of step 2 gained by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of temmoku glaze slip, and move to circumference gradually, churning time is 20min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into temmoku glaze slip, carry out leaching glaze 2-4 second to plain tire outside surface, making biscuit outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 1-2mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use;
Step 4, glazing will be completed in step 3 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, wicket cracks 2-3cm, igniting is fired, kiln in-furnace temperature is even rising from room temperature, by wicket discharge in plain tire carcass with moisture, close wicket when in-furnace temperature is increased to 350-400 DEG C, continue evenly to be warming up to 1000-1100 DEG C, control at 7-9h from room temperature to 1100 DEG C of whole temperature-rise periods, keep in this period ventilating in kiln, carcass is fired in oxidizing atmosphere; Then control kiln temperature and be evenly increased to 1250-1300 DEG C from 1000-1100 DEG C of continuation in 5-6h, the ventilation of kiln is reduced in this stage, make kiln combustion atmosphere transfer reducing atmosphere to gradually, take out after the cooling 24h to normal temperature that then ceases fire, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain;
Described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 30-35 part, titanium iron ore 10-20 part, carclazyte 20-30 part, alkali stone 6-10 part, kibushi clay 7-10 part, melilith 3-5 part and talcum 1.5-4 part;
Wherein, titanium iron ore is the titanium iron ore taking from locality, Shi Wan river, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and main component is ferrous titanate; Alkali stone is the caesious building stones of one taking from Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province Xi Huangdaoxiang, and main component is SiO 2and Al 2o 3; Kibushi clay is the camwood knag taking from locality, western ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and main component is SiO 2, Al 2o 3with carbonaceous humus; Carclazyte takes from a kind of white kaolin produced locality, ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and main component is SiO 2and Al 2o 3;
Described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: black powder soil 65-75 part and titanium iron ore 25-35 part;
Wherein, black powder soil calls on the black powder soil of tap drain locality for taking from ecliptic township, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, main component is SiO 2, Al 2o 3and CaO.
2. the preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: pulled by the mud beaten in described step one and be shaped to plain tire.
3. the preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described carcass raw material is made up of quartz sand, titanium iron ore, carclazyte, alkali stone, kibushi clay, melilith and talcum, the parts by weight that each composition accounts for carcass total amount are: quartz sand 33 parts, titanium iron ore 18 parts, carclazyte 25 parts, 8 parts, alkali stone, kibushi clay 10 parts, melilith 4 parts and 2 parts, talcum.
4. the preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described temmoku glaze raw material is made up of black powder soil and titanium iron ore, and the parts by weight that each composition accounts for temmoku glaze raw material total amount are: 70 parts, black powder soil and titanium iron ore 30 parts.
5. the preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step one, and plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 5h at 930 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace.
6. the preparation technology of a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that: when in described step 4, kiln temperature rises to 1290 DEG C from 1000 DEG C in 6h; cease fire after cooling 24h to normal temperature and take out, obtain a kind of greyness temmoku oil-spot glaze porcelain.
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CN106336116A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-18 黄文勇 Ceramic glaze, preparation method and method for making ceramic by utilization of ceramic glaze
CN107500722A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-22 禹州市大龙山钧瓷文化有限公司 A kind of lightweight sky blue glaze pottery
CN107935391A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-20 平顶山市神前传奇唐钧瓷有限公司 A kind of sauce red matt health Tang's chun glaze and prepare the technique of pottery using it
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CN108752050A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 张玉凤 Your porcelain tea-dust glaze of one kind and preparation method thereof
CN110713375A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-01-21 大宋官窑股份有限公司 Jun porcelain cup and manufacturing method thereof

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CN102584349A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 景德镇陶瓷学院 Iron series colored glazes prepared from chlorite and decoration method thereof
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CN102557732A (en) * 2010-10-05 2012-07-11 吕琪昌 Method For Preparing Glaze With Slit Of Water Head Site And Ceramic Product Prepared By The Glaze
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CN105272376A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-27 醴陵陶润实业发展有限公司 Fambe temmoku glaze and preparation method thereof
CN105272376B (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-04-05 醴陵陶润实业发展有限公司 Transmutation temmoku glaze and preparation method thereof
CN106336116A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-18 黄文勇 Ceramic glaze, preparation method and method for making ceramic by utilization of ceramic glaze
CN106336116B (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-11-05 黄文勇 A kind of ceramic glaze and preparation method thereof, the method for utilizing its production ceramics
CN107500722A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-22 禹州市大龙山钧瓷文化有限公司 A kind of lightweight sky blue glaze pottery
CN107935391A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-20 平顶山市神前传奇唐钧瓷有限公司 A kind of sauce red matt health Tang's chun glaze and prepare the technique of pottery using it
CN108046604A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-18 平顶山市神前传奇唐钧瓷有限公司 A kind of oil droplet Tang chun glaze and prepare the technique of pottery using it
CN108046604B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-09-08 平顶山市神前传奇唐钧瓷有限公司 Oil-drop Tang jun glaze and process for preparing jun porcelain by using same
CN107935391B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-09-29 平顶山市神前传奇唐钧瓷有限公司 Soy sauce red matt health-preserving Tang jun glaze and process for preparing jun porcelain by using same
CN108752050A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 张玉凤 Your porcelain tea-dust glaze of one kind and preparation method thereof
CN110713375A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-01-21 大宋官窑股份有限公司 Jun porcelain cup and manufacturing method thereof

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