CN104892202A - Culture medium - Google Patents

Culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104892202A
CN104892202A CN201510315806.4A CN201510315806A CN104892202A CN 104892202 A CN104892202 A CN 104892202A CN 201510315806 A CN201510315806 A CN 201510315806A CN 104892202 A CN104892202 A CN 104892202A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
cultivation matrix
soil
cultivation
matrix
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510315806.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘付东
曾凡强
刘杰凤
Original Assignee
中山市巴斯德农业科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中山市巴斯德农业科技有限公司 filed Critical 中山市巴斯德农业科技有限公司
Priority to CN201510315806.4A priority Critical patent/CN104892202A/en
Publication of CN104892202A publication Critical patent/CN104892202A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a culture substrate which is prepared through the following steps: mixing the following components in percentage by mass: 70-88% of organic substrate, 10-28% of pond mud, 1-5% of polyacrylamide and 0.1-1% of bacillus subtilis, and pressing the mixture into a substrate block with holes, of which the diameter is 1 cm and depth is 3-5 cm. During use, a hole is digged in soil, the culture substrate is put into the hole, small holes are upward, then a gap between the substrate and the soil is covered by loose soil without compacting, seeds are put into the small holes, the small holes are plugged by a small amount of soil and finally, watering is performed until the seeds are completely wet. After the seeds germinate and grow into seedlings, the roots of the seedlings naturally penetrate through the substrate and grow towards the soil around the substrate, so that the seedlings have a wider growth area. According to the culture substrate, the requirement for integration of seedling culture andcolonization is met, the cost is reduced, cultivation steps are reduced, the commodity of the culture substrate is improved and the use is convenient.

Description

A kind of cultivation matrix
[technical field]
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation matrix, belong to technical field of fertilizers.
[background technology]
Cultivation matrix is loose often, and itself due to the excellent measure such as had low salt, low conductivity, resiliency be strong, thus becomes the preferred medium of nursery, instead of the tradition of earth nursery.
Different clients has different cultivation matrix demands, the needs that some clients need needs that are elegant in appearance, that have to seem high-grade, have are made into specified shape solid one by one and are positioned over above shelf and sell, what have needs expansion channel or increases commodity, what have needs its compacting to increase traffic capacity, what have just needs convenient plantation, so, by cultivation matrix commercially more refinement just seem and be necessary.
, carry out with plantation if can meet substrate culture nursery, can save the artificial and time of field planting again after nursery, be a kind of progressive simultaneously meanwhile.Can nursery be realized integrated with field planting, and be no longer the production operation that in tradition plantation, first nursery is transplanted again, the seedling damage of transplanting seedlings brought can be alleviated.
[summary of the invention]
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, providing a kind of nursery shaping integrated with field planting, and be convenient to transport and the cultivation matrix of market sale.
The present invention to achieve these goals, by the following technical solutions:
A kind of cultivation matrix, is characterized in that being made up of following mass percent component:
Cultivation matrix of the present invention is pressed into substrate block with holes after being mixed by each component.
On substrate block of the present invention, the diameter in hole is 1cm, is 3 ~ 5cm deeply, places seed plantation for keeping for.
The adding (that is: usage quantity) of subtilis in the present invention, newly-increased at least 2,000 ten thousand bacterium/gram cultivation matrixes in cultivation matrix be made.
The moisture of the organic substrate in the present invention is 30 ~ 40%, be mainly derived from the loose organic raw material of plant, the broken screen underflow crossing 4 ~ 5mm sieve after more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations, this organic substrate can be that one or more plant materials are made, and can be edible fungi residues or Chinese medicine slag etc.
Pond sludge in the present invention is coarse breaking not screened material after airing, and moisture is 30 ~ 40%.
After in the present invention, organic substrate, pond sludge, polyacrylamide, subtilis 4 kinds of raw materials mix in proportion, become loose cultivation matrix, adopt high-pressure ball press (briquetting press) that cultivation matrix is pressed into substrate block again, the plasticity-that can increase compacting and the good growth used.Loose cultivation matrix is suppressed through high-pressure ball press, and on cultivation matrix, stays next diameter 1cm, the hole that dark 3 ~ 5cm is dark, places seed plantation for keeping for.By compacting cultivation matrix pack out.
During use, earth to dig hole, put into by cultivation matrix, aperture will upwards, being then embedded in matrix and the earth space between this by loosening the soil, without compacting, then seed being put into aperture, with a small amount of soil plug aperture, finally watering drenched.
After planting and growing up, its root can pass matrix naturally, and peritropous earth growth in the past, thus has more wide region growing.
The present invention compared with prior art, has following advantage:
A) healthy breeding in ground can be realized, and meet the nursery requirement integrated with field planting, and be no longer first nursery in tradition plantation, then the link of transplanting, alleviate the seedling damage of transplanting seedlings brought;
B) the high problem of transportation cost is solved;
C) improve the commodity of cultivation matrix, add vendible channel;
D) make use of the characteristic of pond sludge, without the need to using chemical viscous substance;
E) with the addition of water conservation material polyacrylamide, improve moisture-retaining capacity, decrease watering in cultivation.
[embodiment]
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1:
Preparation cultivation matrix:
Edible fungi residues is become organism through more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations, the more broken rear sieve crossing 4.8mm, extracting screen underflow regulates moisture about 35% as organic substrate;
Airing pond sludge moisture to 38%, then coarse breaking;
By organic substrate, pond sludge, polyacrylamide, subtilis 4 kinds of raw material mixing, its ratio is respectively 70%, 28%, 1.5%, 0.5%, and the bacterium Particle density of subtilis is 5,000,000,000/gram, makes loose cultivation matrix.
Adopt high-pressure ball press (briquetting press), loose cultivation base is pressed into a moon cheese substrate block, and on substrate block, leaves diameter 1cm, the hole of dark 2.5cm, by compacting cultivation matrix pack out.
Embodiment 2:
Preparation cultivation matrix:
Edible fungi residues is become organism through more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations, the more broken rear sieve crossing 4.0mm, extracting screen underflow regulates moisture about 30% as organic substrate;
Airing pond sludge moisture to 40%, then coarse breaking;
By organic substrate, pond sludge, polyacrylamide, subtilis 4 kinds of raw material mixing, its ratio is respectively 76%, 18%, 5%, 1%, and the bacterium Particle density of subtilis is 10,000,000,000/gram, makes loose cultivation matrix.
Adopt high-pressure ball press (briquetting press), loose cultivation base is pressed into sphere matrix block, and on substrate block, leaves diameter 1cm, the hole of dark 4cm, by compacting cultivation matrix pack out.
Embodiment 3:
Preparation cultivation matrix:
Edible fungi residues is become organism through more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations, the more broken rear sieve crossing 5.0mm, extracting screen underflow regulates moisture about 40% as organic substrate;
Airing pond sludge moisture to 30%, then coarse breaking;
By organic substrate, pond sludge, polyacrylamide, subtilis 4 kinds of raw material mixing, its ratio is respectively 88%, 10.9%, 1%, 0.1%, and the bacterium Particle density of subtilis is 2,000 ten thousand/gram, makes loose cultivation matrix.
Adopt high-pressure ball press (briquetting press), loose cultivation base is pressed into truncated cone-shaped substrate block, and on substrate block, leaves diameter 1cm, the hole of dark 3cm, by compacting cultivation matrix pack out.
Embodiment 4:
Preparation cultivation matrix:
Edible fungi residues is become organism through more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations, the more broken rear sieve crossing 4.5mm, extracting screen underflow regulates moisture about 35% as organic substrate;
Airing pond sludge moisture to 35%, then coarse breaking;
By organic substrate, pond sludge, polyacrylamide, subtilis 4 kinds of raw material mixing, its ratio is respectively 80%, 16.6%, 3%, 0.4%, and the bacterium Particle density of subtilis is 8,000 ten thousand/gram, makes loose cultivation matrix.
Adopt high-pressure ball press (briquetting press), loose cultivation base is pressed into cylindrical matrix block, and on substrate block, leaves diameter 1cm, the hole of dark 5cm, by compacting cultivation matrix pack out.
Embodiment 1-4 in use, earth digs a hole, is put into by cultivation matrix, aperture will upwards, is then embedded in matrix and the earth space between this by loosening the soil, without compacting, then seed is put into aperture, with a small amount of soil plug aperture, finally water drenched.

Claims (7)

1. a cultivation matrix, is characterized in that being made up of following mass percent component:
2. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that each component is pressed into substrate block with holes after mixing.
3. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 2, it is characterized in that the diameter in hole on described substrate block is 1cm, is 3 ~ 5cm deeply.
4. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that adding of described subtilis, make newly-increased at least 2,000 ten thousand bacterium/gram matrix in cultivation matrix.
5. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that the moisture of described organic substrate is 30 ~ 40%.
6. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 1 or 5, is characterized in that described organic substrate derives from the loose organic raw material of plant, the broken screen underflow crossing 4 ~ 5mm sieve after more than 55 DEG C thermophilic fermentations.
7. a kind of cultivation matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that the moisture of described pond sludge is 30 ~ 40%.
CN201510315806.4A 2015-06-10 2015-06-10 Culture medium CN104892202A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510315806.4A CN104892202A (en) 2015-06-10 2015-06-10 Culture medium

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510315806.4A CN104892202A (en) 2015-06-10 2015-06-10 Culture medium

Publications (1)

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CN104892202A true CN104892202A (en) 2015-09-09

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105418228A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-23 关勇河 Culture medium
CN105585388A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-05-18 中山市承铭农业技术开发有限公司 Culture medium based on filter mud and manufacturing method thereof
CN105622274A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-01 和县朱韩瓜果种植家庭农场 Base fertilizer special for peach tree sapling transplanting and preparation method thereof
CN106977248A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-07-25 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of gomuti palm seedling medium and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1443439A (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-24 辜再元 Rock side slope ecological protection plant growth matrix
CN101289863A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 陈振峰 Ecological slope protection biology bricks and preparation and construction method thereof
CN101911903A (en) * 2010-07-13 2010-12-15 方立成 Mesh bag compressing seedling culture substrate pot and preparation method thereof
CN102067800A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-25 王宝东 Biological seedling culture controlled-release nutrition pot
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof
CN103483091A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 贵州省辣椒研究所 Preparation method of nutrition ball and nutrition medium for direct seeding of dry pepper

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1443439A (en) * 2002-03-12 2003-09-24 辜再元 Rock side slope ecological protection plant growth matrix
CN101289863A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 陈振峰 Ecological slope protection biology bricks and preparation and construction method thereof
CN101911903A (en) * 2010-07-13 2010-12-15 方立成 Mesh bag compressing seedling culture substrate pot and preparation method thereof
CN102067800A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-25 王宝东 Biological seedling culture controlled-release nutrition pot
CN102173959A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-09-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof
CN103483091A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 贵州省辣椒研究所 Preparation method of nutrition ball and nutrition medium for direct seeding of dry pepper

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105418228A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-23 关勇河 Culture medium
CN105622274A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-01 和县朱韩瓜果种植家庭农场 Base fertilizer special for peach tree sapling transplanting and preparation method thereof
CN105585388A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-05-18 中山市承铭农业技术开发有限公司 Culture medium based on filter mud and manufacturing method thereof
CN106977248A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-07-25 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of gomuti palm seedling medium and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150909

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