CN104886390A - Biologically fermented pig feed and a preparation method - Google Patents

Biologically fermented pig feed and a preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104886390A
CN104886390A CN201510279097.9A CN201510279097A CN104886390A CN 104886390 A CN104886390 A CN 104886390A CN 201510279097 A CN201510279097 A CN 201510279097A CN 104886390 A CN104886390 A CN 104886390A
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Prior art keywords
biofermentation
feed
pig feed
pig
lactic acid
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CN201510279097.9A
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宋志勇
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宋志勇
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Abstract

The present invention discloses biologically fermented pig feed and a preparation method thereof, and relates to the field of animal feed preparation. The feed can reduce the use of hormones and antibiotics in pig feed, promote the growth and development of live pigs, improve the feed intake pig intake of the live pigs, accelerate the growth and fattening of the live pigs, reduce the morbidity of the live pigs, reduce the manure odor of the live pigs, improve the rate of return of feed, improve the nutrition and taste of meat quality, and improve the economic efficiency of pig breeding.

Description

A kind of biofermentation pig feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to animal feed preparation field, be specifically related to a kind of biofermentation pig feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Deliver for sale as early as possible for making live pig, the current feed containing the various medicine such as hormone, antibiotics additive emerges in multitude, often exceed standard in production and use hormone, Antibiotic Additive and various medicine, this kind of material is residual in pig body, drastically influence the health of the mankind.Along with the raising of people's living standard and Consciousness of food security, also change be there occurs to the requirement of meat, urgently wish green, the listing of non-harmful live pig.Thus applying biological fermentation method is produced green feed and to be fed live pig, not only residual without hormone, antibiotic-free, and pig growth fast gaining, and the price of deed is high, and feeding cost is low, and meat is better.
Summary of the invention
In order to reduce the use of the chemical addition agent such as hormone, antibiotic in pig feed, ensure that pig-breeding benefit does not subtract simultaneously, the invention provides a kind of biofermentation pig feed and preparation method thereof, the present invention is not using under antibiotic prerequisite, can ensure that live pig has higher survival rate, reduce the diseases such as live pig diarrhoea, reduce pig manure stink, improve the feed intake of live pig, accelerate pig growth and fatten.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of preparation method of biofermentation pig feed, the composite bacteria that the bacterial classification that wherein biofermentation is used is lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, this three of saccharomycete form, and lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, the triangular volume proportion of saccharomycete are 2: 2: 1 or 1: 3: 1 or 3: 4: 3.
The preparation method of described biofermentation pig feed, it is that every double centner feedstuff uses lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycetic mixed bacteria liquid 100mL.
Biofermentation raw material used is one or more in dregs of beans, rapeseed dregs, flax dregs of rice, corn germ cake, peanut meal, wheat bran, rice bran, straw bran, vinasse, sweet potato dregs, edible fungi residues etc.
The concrete steps of biofermentation are:
(1) bacterium liquid is prepared: in soya-bean milk, add glucose be made into soya-bean milk solution containing 1% glucose as the nutrient solution of bacterial classification, soya-bean milk solution is sub-packed in 3 containers, then by the inoculum concentration of 1%, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycete are inoculated in wherein successively, under room temperature, cultivate 18-36 hour;
(2) biofermentation: each feedstuff mixer is fully mixed, add water and make the water content of compound be 60-70%, bacterium liquid is cultivated and is terminated, add together in compound after bacterium liquid being added one by one or mixing, stir, then the compound being mixed with bacterial classification is loaded sealing and fermenting in polybag, Plastic Drum or fermentation vat, ferment winter 10-15 days, ferment summer 3-7 days, shows to ferment successfully when fragrance such as having beans perfume, aroma sheds.
Feed after biofermentation also can carry out fine finishining further, the feed be about to after fermentation carries out granulating and spraying, wherein can also add some energy feeds in the process of granulating, protein feeds, green forage, mineral feeds etc. are together granulated, plant amylum can also be adopted during spraying, plant protein powder, one or more in animal albumen powder spray as spray finishing material, the concrete grammar of spraying coating process is: pellet conveyer belt is sent to spray booth, spray finishing material blows afloat by the blower fan in spray booth, stick to feed granules surface, thus obtain spraying feed.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention can reduce hormone in feedstuff for live pigs, antibiotic use, promotes growing development of live pig, improves the feed intake of live pig, acceleration pig growth is fattened, and reduces live pig sick, reduces pig manure stink, improve the price of deed, improve meat nutrition and mouthfeel, improve the fanning economics of live pig.
2, the present invention can not use the survival rate improving live pig under antibiotic prerequisite, reduces the diseases such as live pig diarrhoea.Feed contains a large amount of lactic acid bacterias after biofermentation, saccharomycete and bacillus licheniformis, enteron aisle is entered after live pig feeding, bacillus licheniformis is aerobic bacteria on the one hand, it breeds the oxygen consumed in enteron aisle in a large number in enteron aisle, and pathogen is also aerobic bacteria mostly, after oxygen in enteron aisle is consumed by bacillus licheniformis, the growth and breeding of pathogen will be restricted naturally, thus the quantity of pathogen will greatly reduce, on the other hand, due to the consumption of oxygen, the anaerobic environment that a lactic acid bacteria well grows is created at enteron aisle, lactic acid bacteria is bred in a large number, produce lactic acid, reduce pH value, also inhibits the growth of pathogen.
3, the present invention can improve live pig feeding amount.The microbial enzyme produced during the fermentation, such as protease, cellulase, phytase, amylase etc., can supplement the deficiency of live pig endogenous enzymes, increases the enzyme that live pig self can not be synthesized, these enzymes can improve the digestion power of live pig, thus improve feed intake.
4, the present invention can improve the production performance of live pig.Sweat can be degraded to amino acid and little peptide some high molecular weight proteins, can directly be absorbed by live pig, the utilization ratio of nutriment is improved, thus improves the production performance of live pig.
5, the present invention can ensure that pork quality is safe and harmless, and pig flesh flavor does not subtract.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the present invention, every simple distortion that other are made when not departing from core of the present invention or amendment all fall into protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of preparation method of biofermentation pig feed, the composite bacteria that the bacterial classification that wherein biofermentation is used is lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, this three of saccharomycete form, and lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, the triangular volume proportion of saccharomycete are 2: 2: 1.
The preparation method of described biofermentation pig feed, it is that every double centner feedstuff uses lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycetic mixed bacteria liquid 100mL.
Biofermentation raw material used is the compound of dregs of beans, rapeseed dregs, flax dregs of rice, corn germ cake, peanut meal, wheat bran, rice bran, straw bran, vinasse, sweet potato dregs, edible fungi residues.
The concrete steps of biofermentation are:
(1) bacterium liquid is prepared: in soya-bean milk, add glucose be made into soya-bean milk solution containing 1% glucose as the nutrient solution of bacterial classification, soya-bean milk solution is sub-packed in 3 containers, then by the inoculum concentration of 1%, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycete are inoculated in wherein successively, cultivate 24 hours under room temperature;
(2) biofermentation: each feedstuff mixer is fully mixed, add water and make the water content of compound be 65%, bacterium liquid is cultivated and is terminated, add together in compound after bacterium liquid is mixed, stir, again the compound being mixed with bacterial classification is loaded sealing and fermenting in fermentation vat, ferment summer 4 days.
The corn flour of 20% of its weight portion is added in feed after biofermentation, the soyabean protein powder of 20%, the green grass powder of 10%, the pork liver powder of 5%, the herba houttuyniae powder of 2%, the vegetable oil of 1.5%, the catsup of 1%, the salt of 0.5%, fully mix with horizontal steel wing double worm mixer, then bucket elevator is delivered to by belt type conveyer, through bucket elevator, material is delivered in comminutor again, with under the effect of template, express material is become particle at the inner pressure roller of comminutor, again pellet conveyer belt is sent to spray booth, corn protein powder blows afloat by the blower fan in spray booth, stick to feed granules surface, thus obtain spraying feed.
The positive application of the present invention in pig-breeding is further illustrated below in conjunction with test examples.
(1) test pig: for Duroc and Landrace hybridize piglet.
(2) test method: select 28 age in days piglet 24, control group and test group two groups is divided into by Random assignment principle, often organize and establish 2 repetitions, each repetition 6 piglets, feed in same hurdle, control group fed normal diet, test group is fed feed of the present invention, and duration of test is is quantitatively thrown something and fed.Whole duration of test pig house conveniently feeding and management regularly sterilize, normal immunological.Water fountain and hopper are installed in pig house, feed every day 3 times, with eat surplus till, collect surplus material the 2nd day early morning, weigh.Room temperature about 20 DEG C.The feed consumption of every day, diarrhoea and death condition is recorded during formal test.On-test and at the end of on an empty stomach 12h weigh.
(3) result of the test:
Table 1: feed of the present invention and normal diet are on the impact of weight gain of piglets
From table 1, in the piglet stage, the test group piglet of feed of the present invention of feeding increases than the average daily gain of the control group piglet of normal diet of feeding, and feed-weight ratio declines.From the outward appearance of piglet, the test group piglet of feed of the present invention of feeding is more ruddy than the skin of the control group piglet of normal diet of feeding, and hair color is more glossy.
Table 2: feed of the present invention and normal diet are on the impact of piglet health
Note: diarrhea rate=[diarrhoea head/(test pig's head number × test number of days)] × 100%.(with 1 piglet be 1 diarrhoea head time in the diarrhoea of 1d).
As shown in Table 2, the diarrhea rate of test group piglet declines to a great extent than control group, illustrates that feed of the present invention can replace the interpolation of antibiotic in feed, reaches the standard of producing Green Meat.
Table 3: microbiology turbidity in ight soil
As shown in Table 3, in test group piglet ight soil, lactic acid bacterium number is significantly improved, and Escherichia coli quantity obviously reduces.Because feed contains a large amount of lactic acid bacterias after biofermentation, saccharomycete and bacillus licheniformis, enteron aisle is entered after pig searches for food, bacillus licheniformis is aerobic bacteria on the one hand, it breeds the oxygen consumed in enteron aisle in a large number in enteron aisle, and spoilage organisms is also aerobic bacteria mostly, after oxygen in enteron aisle is consumed by bacillus licheniformis, the growth and breeding of spoilage organisms will be restricted naturally, thus the quantity of spoilage organisms just greatly reduces, on the other hand, due to the consumption of oxygen, the anaerobic environment that a lactic acid bacteria well grows is created at enteron aisle, lactic acid bacteria is bred in a large number, so lactic acid bacterium number is higher in the piglet ight soil adding biological fermentation feed through feeding, and Escherichia coli quantity obviously reduces.

Claims (9)

1. a preparation method for biofermentation pig feed, is characterized in that, the composite bacteria that biofermentation bacterial classification used is lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, this three of saccharomycete form.
2. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, the triangular volume proportion of saccharomycete are 2: 2: 1 or 1: 3: 1 or 3: 4: 3.
3. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, every double centner feedstuff uses lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycetic mixed bacteria liquid 100mL.
4. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, biofermentation raw material used is one or more in dregs of beans, rapeseed dregs, flax dregs of rice, corn germ cake, peanut meal, wheat bran, rice bran, straw bran, vinasse, sweet potato dregs, edible fungi residues etc.
5. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the concrete steps of biofermentation are:
(1) bacterium liquid is prepared: in soya-bean milk, add glucose be made into soya-bean milk solution containing 1% glucose as the nutrient solution of bacterial classification, soya-bean milk solution is sub-packed in 3 containers, then by the inoculum concentration of 1%, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus licheniformis, saccharomycete are inoculated in wherein successively, under room temperature, cultivate 18-36 hour;
(2) biofermentation: each feedstuff mixer is fully mixed, add water and make the water content of compound be 60-70%, bacterium liquid is cultivated and is terminated, add together in compound after bacterium liquid being added one by one or mixing, stir, then the compound being mixed with bacterial classification is loaded sealing and fermenting in polybag, Plastic Drum or fermentation vat, ferment winter 10-15 days, ferment summer 3-7 days, shows to ferment successfully when fragrance such as having beans perfume, aroma sheds.
6. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the feed after biofermentation also can carry out fine finishining further, and the feed be about to after fermentation carries out granulating and spraying.
7. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 6, is characterized in that, can also add some energy feeds, protein feeds, green forage, mineral feed etc. and together granulate during granulation.
8. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 6, is characterized in that, spray finishing material can be one or more in plant amylum, plant protein powder, animal albumen powder.
9. the preparation method of biofermentation pig feed according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the concrete grammar of spraying is: pellet conveyer belt is sent to spray booth, and spray finishing material blows afloat by the blower fan in spray booth, stick to feed granules surface, thus obtain spraying feed.
CN201510279097.9A 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Biologically fermented pig feed and a preparation method Pending CN104886390A (en)

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Cited By (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105394340A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 郎溪县飞鲤镇幸福好运家畜养殖家庭农场 Pig feed for enhancing pork flavor and preparation method of pig feed
CN105454693A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 辽宁爱琴牧业有限公司 Fermented pig fodder
CN106173403A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-07 安徽尚善生物科技股份有限公司 One utilizes Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae slag fermented product to prepare agreeable to the taste type pig feed
CN106212947A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-14 习水县格林生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of pig's feed and preparation method thereof
CN106615675A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 蔺菲 Potato dreg mixed fermented feed and preparation method
CN107348196A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-17 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of feedstuff for live pigs and preparation method thereof
CN107455556A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-12 重庆农笑农业发展有限公司 Nutrition sweet potato dreg fodder and its production technology
CN107594135A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 新疆豪子畜牧业有限公司 A kind of regulation thalline for livestock feed balances bio-fermentation process
CN107712346A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-23 遂平广源饲料科技有限公司 A kind of live pig healthy aquaculture biological feedstuff
CN108013240A (en) * 2016-11-01 2018-05-11 西双版纳傣金湾农业科技有限公司 Fermentation pannage and its production method
CN109548955A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-02 深圳合民生物科技有限公司 A kind of additive for farm animal feed and preparation method thereof
CN109601736A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-04-12 武汉新华扬生物股份有限公司 A kind of bacterium enzyme collaboration solid state fermentation pannage and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105394340A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 郎溪县飞鲤镇幸福好运家畜养殖家庭农场 Pig feed for enhancing pork flavor and preparation method of pig feed
CN105454693A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 辽宁爱琴牧业有限公司 Fermented pig fodder
CN106173403A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-07 安徽尚善生物科技股份有限公司 One utilizes Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae slag fermented product to prepare agreeable to the taste type pig feed
CN106212947A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-14 习水县格林生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of pig's feed and preparation method thereof
CN108013240A (en) * 2016-11-01 2018-05-11 西双版纳傣金湾农业科技有限公司 Fermentation pannage and its production method
CN106615675A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 蔺菲 Potato dreg mixed fermented feed and preparation method
CN107348196A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-17 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of feedstuff for live pigs and preparation method thereof
CN107455556A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-12 重庆农笑农业发展有限公司 Nutrition sweet potato dreg fodder and its production technology
CN107455556B (en) * 2017-09-21 2021-02-09 青岛中晨康地农牧发展有限公司 Nutritious sweet potato residue feed and production process thereof
CN107594135A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 新疆豪子畜牧业有限公司 A kind of regulation thalline for livestock feed balances bio-fermentation process
CN107712346A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-23 遂平广源饲料科技有限公司 A kind of live pig healthy aquaculture biological feedstuff
CN109548955A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-02 深圳合民生物科技有限公司 A kind of additive for farm animal feed and preparation method thereof
CN109601736A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-04-12 武汉新华扬生物股份有限公司 A kind of bacterium enzyme collaboration solid state fermentation pannage and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150909