CN104798817A - Natural attractant for aggregating insects - Google Patents

Natural attractant for aggregating insects Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104798817A
CN104798817A CN201410040545.5A CN201410040545A CN104798817A CN 104798817 A CN104798817 A CN 104798817A CN 201410040545 A CN201410040545 A CN 201410040545A CN 104798817 A CN104798817 A CN 104798817A
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natural attractant
insect
blood meal
attractant
assembling
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CN201410040545.5A
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刘胜利
丁林林
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Abstract

The invention discloses a natural attractant for aggregating insects. The natural attractant is prepared by mixing the following components, 15-30% of animal blood powder, 1-2% of ammonia water, 3-4% of sodium bicarbonate, 1-3% of brown sugar, 0.5-2% of yellow rice wine, 0.5-2% of yeast, and the balance of auxiliary materials. The invention also discloses a use method of the natural attractant for aggregating insects. A technological principle adopted by the natural attractant for aggregating insects is characterized in that the sitotaxis of insects to fermented protein foods is used to realize aggregation of living insects in order to realize convenient collection and separation, so the separating production efficiency of cultured housefly larvae and black soldier flies is greatly improved, and the technical bottleneck of culture of the housefly larvae and black soldier flies is broken through. The natural attractant has the advantages of simple adopted materials, low cost, substantial induction and aggregation effect on insects, effective improvement of the insect separating production efficiency in the insect culture process, production cost reduction, and wide use in agricultural production.

Description

For assembling the natural attractant of insect
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of natural attractant of luring the insect such as fly maggot, black soldier flies naturally to assemble, belong to cultured insect field.
Background technology
Along with the development of China's economic and the raising of people's living standard; animal products demand constantly increases; production cultivation scale constantly expands, livestock breeding model, from every household cultivation turn to scale, intensive culture, intensive degree has developed into quite high level.But along with production-scale expansion, the pollution that the ight soil of discharge brings is also more serious.To scale animal and poultry cultivation industry Survey of contamination status of sea products, result shows, and scale livestock culture industry is polluted and presented three large outstanding problems: one is that ight soil discharge capacity is large; Two is Livestock pollution object waves and wide and harm is large, and the COD discharge capacity of feces of livestock and poultry is considerably beyond industry and sanitary sewage discharge capacity sum; Three is present comparatively serious ecological pressure.So huge organic waste, can not find outlet and produces pollution.Feces of livestock and poultry is deposited in plant or in excrement pond, is not utilized.The scarcity simultaneously processing means causes a large amount of feces of livestock and poultry and is deposited in by river course, and when raining, ight soil trickles everywhere with rainwater, serious environment pollution.Ight soil does not only process, and does not also utilize in time, causes the waste of a large amount of feces of livestock and poultry resource.By the restriction of above factors, feces of livestock and poultry often becomes refuse by resource, forms public hazards.
From the beginning of the nineties, national Duo Suo university and professional research institution just start the way at animal kingdom's searching insect process organic solid waste.In Animal World, insect is a maximum class biocenose on the earth.Known at present just have 1,000,000 kinds, stands an animal number more than 80%.Human use insect is with a long history, and before 4700, we ancestors have just raised and train honey, silkworm, is propagated artificially the economic insects nearly hundred kinds of utilization now.Fly maggot and black soldier flies are as a kind of sanitary insect pest in close relations with human lives, and be again human lives's process organic waste treatment person, be irreplaceable species resource in benign ecological cycles simultaneously.Develop in recent decades to it is the hot fields that domestic and international relevant person pays close attention to always.Fly maggot fertility is strong, occupies first of animal.Be easy to artificial feeding, reproduction rate is high; Larval feeding, plant fermentation rot material, and fast growth, growth cycle are short, are suitable for large-scale cultivation.Utilizing fly maggot, black soldier flies biological characteristic and modernization project technology, carry out factorial praluction biological organic fertilizer and fly maggot, black soldier flies natural insects protein feed, is the new way optimized soil nutrient, improve soil planting benefit and the crisis of solution animal protein resource.Also be an emerging environmental protection industry having huge potentiality to be exploited simultaneously.
Fly maggot organic waste of carrying out a biological disposal upon is utilized to have following features: it is high that (one) breeds fast production efficiency.Fly maggot reproduction speed is fast, and according to measuring and calculating, 1 pair of fly maggot can breed 2,0O0 hundred million for 4 months, accumulative generation pure protein more than 600 ton.Fly maggot is from egg development to adult, and general needs 10 ~ 11 days, and the cycle is short, breeding is fast, disposal ability is large.Newly hatched larvae 0.O8mg, at 24 ~ 30 DEG C, through growth in 4 ~ 5 days, the body weight of worm can reach 20 ~ 25mg, and total biomass increases by 250 ~ 300 times.Insect is as lower animal, in the Conversion of Energy of the ecosystem, although assimilatory efficiency is about mammiferous half, its production efficiency is mammiferous 15 ~ 40 times, and other process organic wastes are all incomparable with production animal protein feed method.(2) feeding habits are assorted and addicted to food animal manure.Fly maggot breeding raw material sources are extensive, the agricultural byproducts offcuts such as wheat bran, rice bran, vinasse, bean dregs, the organic wastes such as pig manure, chicken manure, duck excrement, slaughterhouse and hotel's changing food waste.Process organic waste by fly maggot breeding, just equal to have built an Organic Fertilizer Plants and an insect protein feed factory.It is main that change is given up, and turns bane into boon.Ight soil after fly maggot process, both odorless, degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is high, does not attract flies, fertile loose again, is the high-quality fertilizer of crops, this special transformation function, be other feed insect too far behind to catch up.The ability of fly maggot process feces of livestock and poultry is 50 times of earthworm.(3) premunition is strong, seldom falls ill.Fly maggot haunts the ground of dirt, places oneself in the midst of among countless germ, but can be safe and sound, can not infect by these pathogenies.The vitality of worm is extremely strong, takes food ight soil and never falls ill, also without any poisonous thing in polypide.The intolerable adverse circumstances of other animals are but the paradises of worm, this edge in the immunologic function of its excellence.Multiple Anti-bacterium and antiviral active principle can be produced in fly maggot body.As having a kind of antimicrobial active protein in the secretion of fly maggot, there is extremely strong sterilization and anti-virus ability, if ten thousand/ concentration, just various bacterium and virus can be put to death.Modern any one antibiotic, all cannot be by comparison.Raise fly maggot, generally need not take a lot of trouble for diseases prevention, can greatly save diseases prevention expense.(4) high-quality animal protein feed.Result of study both domestic and external shows, insect not only protein content higher than the protein content of the higher mammals such as chicken, fish, egg and pork, and amino acid composition in protein is very reasonable, close to the Amino Acids in Proteins ratio mode that FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) formulates.The digestibility of insect protein closely or be better than the digestibility of animal protein.As can be seen here, insect protein completely can as the high-quality protein feed of livestock and poultry.Current many countries in the world, all using the main direction of artificial feeding insect as solution protein feed source.Dry fly maggot generally contains protein about 60%, and fatty 10% ~ 15%, simultaneously also containing abundant each seed amino acid, wherein TEAA is 2.3 times of fish meal, and methionine, lysine are 2.7 times and 26 times of fish meal respectively, obvious high dried fish.Facts have proved, it not only can Peru Fish Dietary completely, and mixes into appropriate live body fly elder sister in mixed feed, and feed crab, fish, soft-shelled turtle, eel, swamp eel, furrow class, birds, poultry etc., growth is obviously accelerated, and increase yield significantly, effect is fine.According to test, add appropriate fresh resistance and feed laying hen in feed, laying rate improves 17% ~ 25%l and feeds fish volume increase more than 22%, the growth rate that feeds pigs improves 19.2% ~ 42%, and save the feed of 2O% ~ 4O%, propagate fly maggot artificially and can alleviate feed shortage, reduce feeding cost.(5) worm excrement is high-quality fertilizer.Organic waste after fly maggot process, both odorless, do not attract flies, fertile loose again, is the high-quality fertilizer of crops.Fly maggot process 1 ton of pig manure, can obtain 0.5 ton, worm excrement (biological organic fertilizer).With fly maggot process pig manure, in pig manure, original weeds seed has been eaten up by worm, does not return in ground and endangers crops, makees fertilizer with worm excrement, and soil can break away from the soil compaction, physical property deterioration, the degradation problem under fertility that use chemical fertilizer to bring.1 hectare of land is used 20 tons of worm excrement, with use compared with a complete set of chemical fertilizer, oat volume increase 20%, oat and beans interplanting volume increase 18%, with singly execute oat compared with phosphorus potassium fertilizer and increase production 57%, the interplanting of oat and beans is the most surprising, and executes a complete set of chemical fertilizer than volume increase 68%, and executes phosphorus potassium fertilizer than volume increase 96%.(6) the important ring of the ecological agriculture.During the material recycle allowing fly maggot breeding join the ecological agriculture utilizes, successfully can solve fecal pollution and animal protein feed this two hang-up in short supply of puzzlement livestock and poultry generation.Livestock and poultry digest and assimilate only 25% to feed nutrient, and remaining all runs off in ight soil, and feces of livestock and poultry has the nutrients such as rich in protein.Fly maggot almost all can be digested and assimilated the nutrient run off in ight soil, and is converted into insect protein.Other insects are difficult to be competent at, and fly maggot but can choose this heavy burden.Increase nutrient outward in aquaculture, plant husbandry, extend food chain, make matter energy to more senior mass shift, become the utilizable material of other higher mammals, improve resource utilization.Feces of livestock and poultry the like waste is utilized in process of production again, and the output of a system is the input of another system, makes to form a kind of stable material Good Circle System in system, improves stability and the economic benefit of system.
Nearly all excrement and urine treatment technology now, can only produce general organic manure, and often deodorizing is not thorough, and investment is large, and operating cost is high.And fly maggot biotechnology process feces of livestock and poultry can produce biological organic fertilizer and high-quality high protein feed simultaneously, and processing speed is fast, efficiency is high, cost is low, complete deodorization.Fly maggot batch production process organic waste is the facility adopting intensive scale, and by through engineering approaches technological means, carry out the operational sequence be closely connected, concentrated supply fly maggot multiplies material, produces process organic waste in a large number continuously.Its production technology mainly takes working procedures unit combination, the production routine of integration.Wherein plant worm raise and educate worm produces between " locked in " operation, plant worm strictly take to raise in cages, organic commercial fertilizer and fly maggot batch output, batch collection sale.Educate worm to produce: educating that worm produces is exactly the process of process organic waste, comprise batching, worm kind is thrown in, worm is cultivated, worm material separated and collected, fresh worm commodity with expect Slag treatment operation, educating worm technological process of production feature is chain shape continuous-flow type operation.
At present, technical bottleneck is encountered at " worm material separated and collected " production link of fly maggot, black soldier flies biologic treating technique, in large-scale fly maggot production process, insect is by being dispersed in tens, in the cultivation base-material of hundreds of cube, be difficult to insect and base-material to separate, be separated according to the manual method usually adopted at present, efficiency is low, cost is high, is not suitable for producing cultivation on a large scale.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of natural attractant for assembling insect improving worm material separative efficiency in breeding process.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of natural attractant for assembling insect, mixed by following component: the sodium bicarbonate of the animal blood meal of 15-30%, the ammoniacal liquor of 1-2%, 3-4%, the brown sugar of 1-3%, the yellow rice wine of 0.5-2%, the yeast of 0.5-2%, surplus is auxiliary material, and above percentage is mass percent.The ratio of animal blood meal should control at 15%-30%, if lower than 15% animal blood meal ratio, because blood powder protein is not enough, enough insects can not be induced to assemble, reduce the effect being separated insect; If higher than the animal blood meal ratio of 30%, blood meal is too much, causes natural attractant too thickness, can affect the gas permeability of base-material after shedding natural attractant, cause insect to be choked to death, cause being separated unsuccessfully, improve cost simultaneously.Wherein the effect of sodium bicarbonate is the pH value of balance natural attractant, keeps the pH value of natural attractant in neutrality, strengthens attractant effect.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the percentage by weight of each component: animal blood meal 21%, ammoniacal liquor 1.5%, sodium bicarbonate 3.5%, brown sugar 2%, yellow rice wine 1%, yeast 1%, auxiliary material 70%.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, described auxiliary material are powdered rice hulls, sawdust, powder of straw mix with arbitrary proportion.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, described ammoniacal liquor selects that mass concentration is 26%, pH value is the ammoniacal liquor of 12.21.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the described yellow rice wine alcohol number of degrees are 11.0%VOL.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, described yeast is the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height.Because sugared part content of natural attractant is high, in order to reach desirable ferment effect, select the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the particle size of described animal blood meal is 60 orders, auxiliary material particle size is 20 orders.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, described animal blood meal is Swine blood meal, chicken blood meal, duck blood meal, ox blood powder, sheep blood meal, or the above-mentioned animal blood meal of arbitrary proportion mixes.
As the preferred technical scheme of the present invention, described insect is fly maggot or black soldier flies.
Present invention also offers the using method of the above-mentioned natural attractant for assembling insect, its step comprises:
(1) added by water in the natural attractant mixed, forming water content is the mixture of 20%;
(2) mixture is loaded in the container of sealing, keep temperature 28-30 DEG C, naturally proof 30 minutes;
(3) select the noon of fair weather, the natural attractant proofed evenly is shed on the surface of cultured insect base-material.
The know-why that natural attractant for assembling insect of the present invention adopts utilizes the sitotaxis of insect to fermentation protein food to realize living insects to assemble, thus reach the object of being convenient to collect separation, in insect particularly fly maggot, black soldier flies breeding process, the insects such as the fly maggot in base-material, black soldier flies can be lured naturally to assemble with natural attractant of the present invention.Greatly improve the production efficiency that in cultivation fly maggot, black soldier flies, worm material is separated, breach the technical bottleneck of fly maggot, black soldier flies cultivation, the material adopted is simple, with low cost, to the Be very effective of insect induced aggregation.The present invention effectively can improve the production efficiency that in cultured insect process, worm material is separated, and reduces production cost, can widely use in agricultural production.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
This is for assembling the manufacturing process of the natural attractant of insect: Swine blood meal is ground to form 60 order powder; Powdered rice hulls is broken into 20 orders.According to percentage by weight take 21% Swine blood meal, 1.5% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3.5% sodium bicarbonate, 2% brown sugar, the yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL) of 1%, the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 1% and 70% powdered rice hulls mixing after, add clear water, stir, forming water content is the mixture of 20%, reinstall in the container of sealing, keep naturally proofing 30 minutes during temperature 28-30 DEG C.Water content be 20% mixture be easy to uniform loose and shed, the excessive easy caking of moisture, affect the uniformity shed.Loading in the container of sealing is adopt resistance to aerobe fermentation, and the most applicable zymogenic growth during maintenance temperature 28-30 DEG C is conducive to shortening fermentation time.Naturally proof the half that 30 minutes are just in time in fermentation period, the half-dried wet mass of physical state, be easy to from now on shed operation, the long leavening of fermentation time too thickness should not be shed, simultaneously ammonia and stink excessive, affect environment, affects simultaneously and shed the healthy of people
During use, sunny sunny noon be selected.Derivant is shed uniformly will the surface of fly maggot breeding base-material that is separated of worm material, with after be sure not to spray clear water, to prevent water content too high, increase the stickiness of material base, thus cause the death of insect anoxia asphyxia.The amount shed rests in every square metre about 1 jin.Shed latter 20 minutes fly maggots and just can be gathered in base-material surface 5cm, now separated and collected.Reach 98% by worm material separation rate after shedding this natural attractant, be 50 times of artificial separative efficiency at present, fly maggot lethality is 0.
embodiment 2
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the chicken blood meal of 15%, 1% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3% sodium bicarbonate, 1% brown sugar, 0.5% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 0.5% and powdered rice hulls, the sawdust mixture of 79%.For the surface of fly maggot breeding base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 75% to worm material separation rate, fly maggot lethality 0.
embodiment 3
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the ox blood powder of 30%, 2% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 4% sodium bicarbonate, 3% brown sugar, 2% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 2% and the stalk of 57%.For the surface of fly maggot breeding base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 80% to worm material separation rate, fly maggot lethality 18%.
embodiment 4
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the duck blood meal of 10%, the ox blood powder of 15%, 1.5% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3.5% sodium bicarbonate, 2% brown sugar, 1% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 1% and powdered rice hulls, sawdust, the stalk mixture of 66%.For the surface of black soldier flies cultivation base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 91% to worm material separation rate, black soldier flies lethality 7%.
embodiment 5
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the sheep blood meal of 19%, 1.5% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3.5% sodium bicarbonate, 2% brown sugar, 1% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 1% and powdered rice hulls, the stalk mixture of 72%.For the surface of black soldier flies cultivation base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 85% to worm material separation rate, black soldier flies lethality 0.
embodiment 6
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the Swine blood meal of 15%, the sheep blood meal of 13%, 1.5% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3.5% sodium bicarbonate, 2% brown sugar, 1% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 1% and sawdust, the stalk mixture of 63%.For the surface of black soldier flies cultivation base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 77% to worm material separation rate, black soldier flies lethality 13%.
embodiment 7
This for assembling each component of the natural attractant of insect is: the chicken blood meal of 10%, the sheep blood meal of 10%, 3% duck blood meal, 1.5% ammoniacal liquor (ammonia concn be 26%, pH value 12.21), 3.5% sodium bicarbonate, 2% brown sugar, 1% yellow rice wine (alcohol number of degrees 11.0%VOL), the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height of 1% and the sawdust of 68%.For the surface of black soldier flies cultivation base-material, using method, with embodiment 1, is 96% to worm material separation rate, black soldier flies lethality 2%.
In the present invention, the ratio of the targeted insect (as fly maggot) that the separated and collected that refers to worm material separation rate arrives and targeted insect total amount, fly maggot lethality refers to cultivate fly maggot dead in base-material and the ratio of fly maggot total amount, and black soldier flies lethality refers to cultivate black soldier flies dead in base-material and the ratio of black soldier flies total amount.

Claims (10)

1. for assembling the natural attractant of insect, mixed by following component: the sodium bicarbonate of the animal blood meal of 15-30%, the ammoniacal liquor of 1-2%, 3-4%, the brown sugar of 1-3%, the yellow rice wine of 0.5-2%, the yeast of 0.5-2%, surplus is auxiliary material, and above percentage is mass percent.
2. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 1, the percentage by weight of each component: animal blood meal 21%, ammoniacal liquor 1.5%, sodium bicarbonate 3.5%, brown sugar 2%, yellow rice wine 1%, yeast 1%, auxiliary material 70%.
3. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described auxiliary material are powdered rice hulls, sawdust, powder of straw mix with arbitrary proportion.
4. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described ammoniacal liquor selects that mass concentration is 26%, pH value is the ammoniacal liquor of 12.21.
5. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the described yellow rice wine alcohol number of degrees are 11.0%VOL.
6. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described yeast is the sugared high activity dried yeast of resistance to height.
7. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the particle size of described animal blood meal is 60 orders, auxiliary material particle size is 20 orders.
8. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described animal blood meal is Swine blood meal, chicken blood meal, duck blood meal, ox blood powder, sheep blood meal, or the above-mentioned animal blood meal of arbitrary proportion mixes.
9. the natural attractant for assembling insect according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described insect is fly maggot or black soldier flies.
10. the using method of the natural attractant for assembling insect described in claim 1-9, its step comprises:
(1) be added to the water by the natural attractant mixed, forming water content is the mixture of 20%;
(2) mixture is loaded in the container of sealing, keep temperature 28-30 DEG C, naturally proof 30 minutes;
(3) select the noon of fair weather, the natural attractant proofed evenly is shed on the surface of cultured insect base-material.
CN201410040545.5A 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Natural attractant for aggregating insects Pending CN104798817A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105558439A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-11 魏界民 Fly trapping bait and fly trapping cup
CN107466968A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-15 盱眙正泰永生物环境科技有限公司 A kind of pure pig manure adds rice husk to cultivate maggot
CN107810794A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-20 五河县金满塘生态种养殖家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of reed Ba Zi interplantings oat
CN109122725A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-04 斯迈特环保科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of mosquitos and flies attractant and preparation, application method
CN109526960A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-29 大连理工大学 A kind of inducing agent and its application method based on black soldier flies larva olfactory information element

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何凤琴等: "《蝇蛆养殖与利用技术》", 30 September 2006, 金盾出版社 *
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105558439A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-11 魏界民 Fly trapping bait and fly trapping cup
CN107466968A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-15 盱眙正泰永生物环境科技有限公司 A kind of pure pig manure adds rice husk to cultivate maggot
CN107810794A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-20 五河县金满塘生态种养殖家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of reed Ba Zi interplantings oat
CN109122725A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-04 斯迈特环保科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of mosquitos and flies attractant and preparation, application method
CN109526960A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-29 大连理工大学 A kind of inducing agent and its application method based on black soldier flies larva olfactory information element

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Application publication date: 20150729