CN104756692A - Method for planting sweet potato sprouting vegetables - Google Patents

Method for planting sweet potato sprouting vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104756692A
CN104756692A CN201510112325.3A CN201510112325A CN104756692A CN 104756692 A CN104756692 A CN 104756692A CN 201510112325 A CN201510112325 A CN 201510112325A CN 104756692 A CN104756692 A CN 104756692A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
ipomoea batatas
fertilizer
centimetre
fine sand
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CN201510112325.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马密霞
丁艳丽
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北京联合大学
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Application filed by 北京联合大学 filed Critical 北京联合大学
Priority to CN201510112325.3A priority Critical patent/CN104756692A/en
Publication of CN104756692A publication Critical patent/CN104756692A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting sweet potato sprouting vegetables. The method comprises the steps: selecting seeds, building a nursery garden, selecting a cover, cultivating and densely planting, scientifically applying fertilizer, managing nursery garden, picking, packaging and keeping fresh; the cover can be one or more of fine sand, saw dust, and turfy soil; the scientific fertilizer application includes application of major element and trace element; when the seedling is 2-3 cm high, root parts are sprayed in the first stage; when the seedling is 6-7 cm high, leaves are sprayed once in the second stage; the major element and the trace element include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, boron; the farmland management includes inspection of seedlings and replanting; water is sprayed timely every day to contain moisture of the cover.

Description

A kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of proportion of crop planting method, particularly relate to a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods.

Background technology

Ipomoea batatas is Convolvulaceae sweet potato genus plant, and Ipomoea batatas bud seedling, also known as sweet potato leaves, pachyrhizus leaf, is the young stem and leaf of Ipomoea batatas, tender leaf, blade tip.Ipomoea batatas bud seedling is nutritious, containing protein, carotin, vitamin, iron and calcareous etc.According to assay: its stem apex crude protein quality is the 21.1%-15.1% of dry weight.The protein content of cauline leaf and stem apex is 2.7%, and carotin is 5580 international unit/100 gram, and vitamin C is 41.07 mg/kg, and calcium is 74 mg/kg, and iron is 4 mg/kg, Cobastab 1be 3 mg/kg, nicotinic acid 6-10 mg/kg, B 6be 2.1 mg/kg.The function of the health care of Ipomoea batatas bud seedling, dietotherapy is remarkable.Ipomoea batatas bud seedling has ease constipation, defaecation and the health-care effect such as hypotensive.Containing abundant mucus albumen in Ipomoea batatas stem apex, there is protective effect to the digestive tract of human body, respiratory tract, articular cavity, the lubrication of film and the epistasis of blood vessel.The arteriosclerosis that this material can prevent lipid material from depositing on ductus arteriosus wall and cause, can also prevent the atrophy of liver and kidney and other organs connective tissue, improves the immunity of body.The present inventor relates to selection dish Ipomoea batatas kind, plants, produces the method for Ipomoea batatas seedling bud.Ipomoea batatas bud seedling has significant health care, food therapy function, has become a kind of special dish, is described as " vegetables queen ", " long-lived vegetables " and " anticancer vegetables ", is real green vegetables product.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of simple to operate, green organically Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods.

Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that

A kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods, comprises seed selection, sets up garden of collecting seedling, select covering, cultivation and dense planting, scientific utilization of fertilizer, field management, pluck, packaging and fresh-keeping;

Described scientific utilization of fertilizer comprises applying of macroelement and trace element, and use nitrogen 3.5-5kg for every mu, phosphorus 1.75-2kg, potassium 5.5-7kg applies fertilizer, and spray root during first stage height of seedling 2-3cm, during second stage height of seedling 6-7cm, foliage spray once; Spray in conjunction with trace element and apply;

Described scientific utilization of fertilizer comprises applying of trace element;

Described micro-iron content, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, boron, each micronutrient levels comprises pure iron 40-200ug respectively, pure calcium 4000-6000ug, pure magnesium 1300-2300ug, zinc 150-300ug, pure manganese 200-300ug, copper 100-200ug, pure boron 10-13ug;

Described field management comprises looks into seedling and fills a vacancy, and sprays in time every day and waters, and keeps covering moisture;

Seed selection, suit measures to local conditions, the excellent Ipomoea batatas kind selecting germination rate high does seed, selects No. 7, the Shandong potato of detoxification, Pu's potato 53, food 20, platform agriculture 71, No. 6, good fortune potato, No. 3, Shandong potato, Beijing 553 kind wash clean for subsequent use.

Foundation is collected seedling garden, takes full stress-strain to cultivate, builds sunshade greenhouse, with the black sunshade net shade culture of 45% shading rate, select nearly water source, convenient management plot as garden of collecting seedling, plot moisture capacity will be got well.

Select covering material, fine sand can be selected to do covering, sawdust or turfy soil also can be selected to do covering; Be that 5% potassium permanganate mixes by covering fine sand and concentration, within 10 minutes, carry out disinfection with covered rearing with plastic film, spread fine sand out airing afterwards.

Cultivation and dense planting, be laid in by the fine sand of sterilization on the soil layer of nursery, thickness is 1-2 centimetre, and select the Ipomoea batatas kind of uniform size of detoxification, be laid in by Ipomoea batatas on fine sand, every block Ipomoea batatas interval 1-1.5 centimetre, covers the covering of 1-1.5 centimetre above.

Scientific utilization of fertilizer, Ipomoea batatas fertilizer requirement is large, and need potash fertilizer maximum, nitrogenous fertilizer takes second place, and phosphate fertilizer is again; Nitrogen 3.5-5 kilogram is executed, phosphorus 1.75-2 kilogram, potassium 5.5-7 kilogram by every mu; First stage, spray root once during height of seedling 2-3 centimetre, second stage height of seedling 6-7 centimetre sprays cauline leaf once; Spray in conjunction with trace element and apply.

Nursery bed management, keep nursery temperature 25-30 degree, 3-5 days after emerging, looks into seedling line by line and fills a vacancy; Spray in time every day and water, keep soil moisture; The standard in strong sprout is: stem is sturdy, and internode is short, and blade is fertile, and top-three leaves is neat, and without aerial root, juice is many, hundred offspring fresh weights more than 750 grams.

Pluck: during Ipomoea batatas height of seedling 10-15 centimetre, can pluck; Standard of plucking: pluck the long 10-15 centimetre of bud, cauline leaf is light green glossy, without damage by disease and insect, without yellow leaf, without rotting, pollutes mark spot without other; Select height 10-15 centimetre, the Ipomoea batatas seedling that the thick leaf of stem is strong, break from root, every 100 one, hundred offspring fresh weights more than 750 grams.

Packaging and fresh-keeping: by Ipomoea batatas seedling load complex pocket, vacuum packaging, deepfreeze is fresh-keeping.

Embodiment

Seed selection, suit measures to local conditions, select No. 7, the Shandong potato of detoxification, wash clean detoxification is for subsequent use.

Foundation is collected seedling garden, takes full stress-strain to cultivate, builds sunshade greenhouse, with the black sunshade net shade culture of 45% shading rate, select nearly water source, convenient management plot as garden of collecting seedling, plot moisture capacity will be got well.

Select covering material, fine sand can be selected to do covering, be that 5% potassium permanganate mixes by fine sand and concentration, within 10 minutes, carry out disinfection with covered rearing with plastic film, spread fine sand out airing afterwards.

Cultivation and dense planting, be laid in by the fine sand of sterilization on the soil layer of nursery, thickness is 1-2 centimetre, and select No. 7, the Shandong of uniform size potato of detoxification to be laid on fine sand, every block Ipomoea batatas interval 1-1.5 centimetre, covers the fine sand of 1-1.5 centimetre above.

Scientific utilization of fertilizer, executes 4 kilograms, nitrogen by every mu, 1.8 kilograms, phosphorus, the consumption fertilising that potassium is 6 kilograms; First stage, spray root once during Ipomoea batatas height of seedling 2-3 centimetre, second stage Ipomoea batatas height of seedling 6-7 centimetre sprays cauline leaf once; Spray in conjunction with trace element and apply.

Nursery bed management, keep nursery temperature 20-30 degree, 3-5 days after emerging, looks into seedling line by line and fills a vacancy; Sprinkling in every two days is watered, and keeps soil moisture; Harvesting is first plucked rear sprinkling day and is watered, and the standard in strong sprout is: stem is sturdy, and internode is short, and blade is fertile, and top-three leaves is neat, and without aerial root, juice is many, hundred offspring fresh weights more than 750 grams.

Pluck: during Ipomoea batatas height of seedling 10-15 centimetre, can pluck; Standard of plucking: pluck the long 10-15 centimetre of bud, cauline leaf is light green glossy, without damage by disease and insect, without yellow leaf, without rotting, pollutes mark spot without other; Select height 10-15 centimetre, the Ipomoea batatas seedling that the thick leaf of stem is strong, break from root, every 100 one, hundred offspring fresh weights more than 750 grams.

Packaging and fresh-keeping: by Ipomoea batatas seedling load complex pocket, vacuum packaging, deepfreeze is fresh-keeping.

Claims (6)

1. an Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods, comprises seed selection, sets up garden of collecting seedling, and selects covering, plants training and dense planting, science is usedfertilizer, field management, pluck, packaging and fresh-keeping, it is characterized in that,
Described scientific utilization of fertilizer comprises applying of macroelement and trace element, and described macroelement and trace element comprise nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, boron; Every mu with nitrogen 3.5-5 kilogram, phosphorus 1.75-2 kilogram, potassium 5.5-7 kilogram of fertilising, spray root during first stage height of seedling 2-3cm, during second stage height of seedling 6-7 centimetre, foliage spray is once; Spray in conjunction with trace element and apply.
Described micro-iron content, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, boron, each micronutrient levels comprises pure iron 40-200ug respectively, pure calcium 4000-6000ug, pure magnesium 1300-2300ug, zinc 150-300ug, pure manganese 200-300ug, copper 100-200ug, pure boron 10-13ug;
Described field management comprises looks into seedling and fills a vacancy, and sprays in time every day and waters, and keeps soil moisture.
2. a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, sets up garden of collecting seedling, takes full stress-strain to cultivate, build sunshade greenhouse, and select nearly water source, the convenient plot managed as garden of collecting seedling, plot moisture capacity will be got well.
3. a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, selects covering, fine sand can be selected to do covering, sawdust or turfy soil also can be selected to do covering;
Be that 5% potassium permanganate mixes by covering fine sand and concentration, within 10 minutes, carry out disinfection with covered rearing with plastic film, spread fine sand out airing afterwards.
4. a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, cultivation and dense planting, the fine sand of sterilization is laid on the soil layer of nursery, thickness is 1-2 centimetre, selects the Ipomoea batatas kind of uniform size of detoxification, is laid in by Ipomoea batatas on fine sand, every block Ipomoea batatas interval 1-1.5 centimetre, covers the fine sand of 1-1.5 centimetre above.
5. a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, scientific utilization of fertilizer, and Ipomoea batatas fertilizer requirement is large, and need potash fertilizer maximum, nitrogenous fertilizer takes second place, and phosphate fertilizer again; Nitrogen 3.5-5 kilogram is executed, phosphorus 1.75-2 kilogram, potassium 5.5-7 kilogram by every mu; First stage, spray root once during height of seedling 2-3 centimetre, second stage height of seedling 6-7 centimetre sprays cauline leaf once; Spray in conjunction with trace element and apply.
6. a kind of Ipomoea batatas shoot vegetable implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, nursery bed management, and keep nursery temperature 25-30 degree, 3-5 days after emerging, looks into seedling line by line and fill a vacancy; Spray in time every day and water, keep the moisture of covering; The standard in strong sprout is: stem is sturdy, and internode is short, and blade is fertile, and top-three leaves is neat, and without aerial root, juice is many, hundred offspring fresh weights more than 750 grams.
CN201510112325.3A 2015-03-16 2015-03-16 Method for planting sweet potato sprouting vegetables CN104756692A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340971A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 刘亚平 Sweet potato seedling detoxifying solution and preparation method thereof
CN107155571A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-15 王立存 A kind of implantation methods of zinc-rich sweet potato
CN107318442A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-07 合浦县安农农业发展有限公司 Blue or green taro cultural method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007089488A (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-04-12 Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd Fertilizing method in potato cultivation
KR100840064B1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-06-19 한국참다래유통사업단영농조합법인 A method for growing eco-agricultural products
CN101849499A (en) * 2010-06-07 2010-10-06 吴太平 Method for culturing sweet potatoes in dry land
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CN103563640A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-12 广西天然食品科技有限公司 Sweet potato high-yield planting method
CN103650865A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-26 山西省农业科学院玉米研究所 Sweet potato seedling culturing method
CN104303737A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-28 长沙市古冲农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting technique for organic sweet potatoes

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007089488A (en) * 2005-09-29 2007-04-12 Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd Fertilizing method in potato cultivation
KR100840064B1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-06-19 한국참다래유통사업단영농조합법인 A method for growing eco-agricultural products
CN102090244A (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-15 陈宝贤 Technology for culturing high-quality high-yield detoxification sweet potato
CN101849499A (en) * 2010-06-07 2010-10-06 吴太平 Method for culturing sweet potatoes in dry land
CN103563640A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-12 广西天然食品科技有限公司 Sweet potato high-yield planting method
CN103650865A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-26 山西省农业科学院玉米研究所 Sweet potato seedling culturing method
CN104303737A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-28 长沙市古冲农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting technique for organic sweet potatoes

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340971A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 刘亚平 Sweet potato seedling detoxifying solution and preparation method thereof
CN107155571A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-15 王立存 A kind of implantation methods of zinc-rich sweet potato
CN107318442A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-07 合浦县安农农业发展有限公司 Blue or green taro cultural method

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Application publication date: 20150708