CN105052482A - Sowing and seedling raising method of horsfieldia plants without injuring roots - Google Patents

Sowing and seedling raising method of horsfieldia plants without injuring roots Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052482A
CN105052482A CN201510477031.0A CN201510477031A CN105052482A CN 105052482 A CN105052482 A CN 105052482A CN 201510477031 A CN201510477031 A CN 201510477031A CN 105052482 A CN105052482 A CN 105052482A
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seed
seedling
wind
root
plant
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CN105052482B (en
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何应会
蒋迎红
蒋燚
刘健
林建勇
李娟�
黄荣林
刘菲
韦铄星
王勇
姜英
刘雄胜
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a sowing and seedling raising method of horsfieldia plants without injuring roots. The sowing and seedling raising method comprises the following steps of: (1) collecting seeds: collecting mature fruits on horsfieldia plant trees, or picking up fruits dropping in the same year of which the seeds are still intact; (2) treating the seeds: immediately treating the fruits after the fruits are harvested, and sowing the fruits during harvesting the fruits; (3) sowing the fruits and accelerating germination: A, preparing sand beds; B, sowing the fruits and accelerating germination; and C, performing management in the period of accelerating germination; (4) transplanting bud seedlings: A, compounding soil, and loading the compounded soil into sacks; B, digging up seedlings; and C, transplanting the seedlings; and (5) managing the seedlings in containers. According to the method disclosed by the invention, the purpose of promoting the growth of the nursery stocks without injuring roots is finally achieved mainly through the technical measures of accelerating germination on the sand beds, transplanting the bud seedlings with full roots, performing salt separation treatment on planting holes, raising the seedlings in large containers with light mediums, and the like. The method disclosed by the invention is used for cultivating horsfieldia nursery stocks and grandifoliate horsfieldia nursery stocks, the sowing germination rate can reach 94.8%, the transplanted survival rate is 100%, the nursery stocks are strong, the growing trend is uniform, and the nursery stocks can be transplanted from seedling nurseries within half a year. The success of the seedling raising technique has important significance on the resource protection, the scientific research, the development and the utilization of horsfieldia species.

Description

A kind of wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of agricultural production technologies, relate to the seed propagation technology of a kind of national conservative plant and special oils seeds, be specially wind Phoebe plant and exempt to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method.
Background technology
Wind Phoebe HorsfieldiaWilld. is Myristicaceae Myristicaceae plant, distribution in China has 3 kinds, be respectively wind nanmu Horsfieldiaamygdalina (Wall.) Warb., great Ye wind nanmu Horsfieldiakingii (Hook.f.) Warb. and Yunnan wind nanmu Horsfieldiaprainii (King) Warburg, wherein great Ye wind nanmu is that wind nanmu in Yunnan is renamed by qin leaf wind nanmu by Hainan wind nanmu, Horsfieldia tetratepala with great Ye wind nanmu and return kind.There are some researches show, wind Phoebe plant seed oil content high (about 34.06 ~ 56.18%), total fatty acid content in total fatty acids below 20 carbon is more than 90%, and tetradecacarbon fatty acid content is very high, and tetradecacarbon fatty acid synthesizes the primary raw material that machine oil increases glutinous pour point depression dual-purpose additive just, as class special oils seeds, its value of exploiting and utilizing is huge.But wind Phoebe germplasm but allows of no optimist; great Ye wind nanmu and Yunnan wind nanmu have been classified as national II level and III level Top-rated protected wild plants respectively; there is a small amount of distribution in the former rarely seen Guangxi, Yunnan, Hainan, and the latter is only distributed in the ground such as Jinghong, Menla, Menhai, Yingjiang in Yunnan.
This platymiscium is distributed in jungle more, and is more common in cheuch, and under former habitat conditions, planting percent is extremely low, even without seedling.Due to tree-like tall and big, artificial to collect seed more not easily, and seed belongs to recalcitrant seeds, once dehydration or rotten, is easy to affect germination rate, it is crucial that due to its habitat particularity and fragmentation seriously, growth adaptability is weak, and artificial breeding difficulty is large.Therefore, carry out the artificial seeding and seedling raising technical research of wind Phoebe plant, to protection of resources, the scientific research of this species and develop significant.Seeding and seedling raising research report at present about wind Phoebe plant is less, does not have ripe complete technology.The obvious problem that existing research exists, one is that seedbed nursery only can supply scientific research in seedling stage, and it is serious that root is hindered in further utilization; Two is that container for plant growth is crossed conference and caused unnecessary waste; Three is that seedling medium raw material is selected more extensive, is difficult to nurturing staff.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of wind Phoebe plant and exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method, and the method can realize that emergence rate is high, seedling quality is excellent, exempt to hinder root and cost-saving object.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:
A kind of wind Phoebe of the present invention exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method by plant, and it comprises following operating procedure:
(1) collect seed: gather the upper ripening fruits of wind Phoebe plant tree or pick up the still intact shedding then of seed;
(2) seed treatment: should process immediately after fruit harvesting, with adopting with broadcasting; The fruit ftractureed directly removes pericarp and arillus, namely sows after cleaning, if fruit does not ftracture when gathering, is then placed on ventilation and dries in the shade, and through 5 ~ 7d, sows after pericarp cracking takes out seed;
(3) vernalization is sowed
1. husky bed prepares: weed a garden, flatten bed surface after loosening the soil, slightly compress, and sowing carries out disinfection the previous day;
2. vernalization is sowed: sow front clear water and to drench husky bed, ditch is opened along bedside direction, ripe and full substantial seed is positioned over equably in seed furrow after sterilization, cover with half wet rough sand, then trickle fixation, again cover husky to 2 ~ 3cm height, finally spray insect protected medicine to endanger with ant prevention, and the Small plastic shed of high 80cm is built with bamboo chip or iron wire, add a cover the shady net that film and shade density are 75%, for heat and moisture preserving;
3. manage during vernalization: the humidity control water control depending on seedbed is wet, note the adjustment of temperature of shed simultaneously and prevent worm ant to sting food, without the need to watering rich water during vernalization;
(4) bud transplantation of seedlings
1. join soil pack: non-woven fabrics Seedling bag selected by container for plant growth, matrix pack amount is slightly low crosses sack 2cm;
2. lifting: treat plumule growth paramount 3 ~ 4cm, the thick 2 ~ 3mm of stem, long more than the 6cm of root, lifting before Zhan Ye, first to drench husky bed with clear water before lifting, prize loose sand soil again, seedling is carefully taken out, clean to proceed in the basin filling root taking sprout strengthening agent after silt soak seedling root 30min after take out and wait to transplant;
3. transplant: transplanting waters matrix the previous day drenches, then carries out disinfection with Zineb wettable powder 600 times of liquid that formulation is 80%, first introduce a fine variety plant hole with bamboo chip in container for plant growth center during transplanting, planting plant hole diameter is 4 ~ 5cm, dark 7 ~ 8cm; Put into seedling, then carry out compacting matrix after Ficus caricaL, water of drenching after having transplanted;
(5) container seedling management: weeding in time, carries out liquid manure normalization management and the extermination of disease and insect pest after growth of seedling is stable.
In described step (1), seed collecting period is late March ~ mid-April, and when tree is plucked, pericarp transfers yellow green to by dark green, and carpopodium place pulp reddens deliquescing, and fruit along ventral suture and dorsal suture fine fisssure, or is shown in orange red or orange arillus.
In described step (3), the interior of the husky bed of vernalization is 0.25m deeply, and inner width is 1.0m, and bed surface length is determined according to nursery landform.
In described step (3), need by seed traverse during sowing, the spaced apart nothing of seed is blocked mutually, and hilum is down, is beneficial to radicle growth.
In described step (3), seed disinfection method is: soak seed 10min with 500mg/L potassium permanganate solution prior to seeding; The insect protected medicine finishing rear sprinkling is trichlorphon original powder 1500 times of liquid.
Manage during vernalization in described step (3):
Moisture management: getting up early ventilation 2h, if sand surface is not dry before emerging, without the need to watering, covered with sunshade net moisturizing on daytime; Between the seeding stage soil moisture remain on 50 ~ 60% be conducive to sprout be unearthed, transplant last week control soil moisture be 40 ~ 50%, be beneficial to root of hair;
Temperature treatment: before emerging, day temperature maintains 30 ~ 32 DEG C, night is 20 ~ 25 DEG C; After emerging, daytime maintains 28 ~ 30 DEG C, and night is 18 ~ 20 DEG C.
In described step (4), the specification of non-woven fabrics Seedling bag is 12cm × 20cm, its in-built seedling medium is become by the mixed raw material of following by volume percentage: humic table soil 30%, coconut palm chaff 35%, the bark 20% become thoroughly decomposed, natural pond slag 5%, perlite 10%, wherein, the bark become thoroughly decomposed is that eucalyptus sheet fabrication factory bark discarded object obtains through fermentation maturity.
In described step (4), the preparation of root taking sprout strengthening agent is: by active constituent content be 98% the former powder of ABT3 root-inducing powder be mixed with the root-inducing powder aqueous solution of 0.2g/kg.
In described step (4), the operation every Ficus caricaL is inserted in kind of plant hole by the humic table soil of having sterilized, and seedlings root and seedling medium are temporarily separated.
Described step (5) after transplanting to the management of container seedling is: morning and evening trickle during fine day, transplant in latter 3 months fertile without the need to trickle, the extermination of disease and insect pest is every 30d trichlorphon original powder 2000 times of liquid, and add this amount of liquid medicine mass concentration be 0.1% washing powder do cauline leaf spraying.
Compared with the prior art, tool has the following advantages the inventive method:
1, the inventive method does not hinder root and the object that promote seedling growth every technical measures such as Ficus caricaL, the nursery of Light media non-woven fabrics bulk container finally to reach mainly through husky bed vernalization, the full root transplanting of bud seedling, kind plant hole.By inserting aseptic humic table soil, tender for children root system and organic substrate temporarily being separated during transplanting, playing the effect of a buffering, be more conducive to transplanting rear seedling growth and recover, and protect root system to greatest extent, substantially increase survival rate and seedling quality.Therefore, be that further scientific research or recurrence afforestation all will be better than nursery measure in the past.
2, wind Phoebe plant seedling growth is fast, and root comes into leaves greatly, and under the prerequisite ensureing seedling quality, selection specification is the non-woven fabrics Seedling bag of 12cm × 20cm, more saves than the containers size cost of 18cm × 25cm in the past.
3, apply the inventive method and cultivate wind nanmu, great Ye wind nanmu nursery stock, sowing germination rate can reach 94.8%, survival rate 100% after transplanting, and nursery stock is healthy and strong, and growing way is even, and half a year can go out garden.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
1, to collect seed and seed treatment: the seed collecting time be in by the end of March, 2014, seed collecting object is: Hainan wind nanmu (existing name great Ye wind nanmu) seed, and one is pick up from Longzhou buerretiodendron hsienmu king, is collect seed in field; Two is pick up from Tropical Forest experimental center, forest-science academy of China, Pingxiang, Guangxi, and elite stand is artificial planting.Be individual plant to collect seed, when gathering, fruit is yellow green but does not ftracture, and spreads out and be positioned over ventilation after taking back, and pericarp deliquescing after 7d is also split.
2, vernalization is sowed
Removed husky bed weeds April 10, flatten bed surface after loosening the soil, slightly compress, and to drench sterilization with the liquor potassic permanganate that mass concentration is 0.5%.To drench husky bed afternoon April 11 with clear water.The seed that sowing process is set to Longzhou buerretiodendron hsienmu king all removes pericarp and arillus, the seed of Tropical Forest experimental center, forest-science academy of China, Pingxiang, Guangxi divides arillus and stays arillus 2 kinds process, after all cleaning with clear water, then soak seed 10min with 500mg/L liquor potassic permanganate.Ditch is opened along bedside during sowing, then seed is placed horizontally in seed furrow equably, seed and seed are spaced from each other, and hilum down, finish the wet rough sand of rear use half to cover, be advisable to lose seed, covering husky is highly 2-3cm, sprays trichlorphon original powder 1500 times of liquid again and endanger with ant prevention after trickle fixation.Build the Small plastic shed of high about 80cm with bamboo chip or iron wire, add a cover the shady net that film and shade density are 75%, for heat and moisture preserving.During vernalization, management looks the humidity temperature and humidity control in seedbed, getting up early ventilation 2h, if sand surface is not dry before emerging, without the need to watering, and covered with sunshade net moisturizing on daytime; Between the seeding stage, soil moisture remains on 50 ~ 60%, and transplanting and last week controlling soil moisture is 40 ~ 50%, is beneficial to root of hair.Before emerging, day temperature maintains 30 ~ 32 DEG C, and night is 20 ~ 25 DEG C; After emerging, daytime maintains 28 ~ 30 DEG C, and night is 18 ~ 20 DEG C, does not water rich water during vernalization.
3, bud transplantation of seedlings
In preparation on May 6 seedling medium, because germination period is long, sprout situation depending on bud seedling and transplant successively.
1. soil pack is joined: non-woven bag specification selects diameter (12cm) × highly (20cm), base starting material adopts the humic table soil 30% of following by volume percentage, coconut palm chaff 35%, the bark 20% become thoroughly decomposed, natural pond slag 5%, perlite 10% to carry out mixing and mixing thoroughly, pack immediately after preparing and put to nursery furrow face, matrix pack amount is slightly low crosses sack 2cm.
2. lifting: plumule long 3 ~ 4cm, thick 2 ~ 3mm during lifting, does not open up leaf.Play seedling-growing method for first drenching seedbed with clear water, again with bamboo chip sled loose sand soil, seedling is carefully taken out, is placed in plastic basin and cleans silt, then proceed to soak seedling root 30min in the 0.2g/kg root-inducing powder aqueous solution that is mixed with the former powder of ABT3 root-inducing powder that active constituent content is 98% after take out.
3. transplant: transplant water of matrix being drenched the previous day, then carry out disinfection with Zineb wettable powder 600 times of liquid that formulation is 80%.First draw in container for plant growth center the kind plant hole that diameter is 4 ~ 5cm, dark 7 ~ 8cm with bamboo chip during transplanting, put into seedling, then the humic table soil of having sterilized is inserted in kind of plant hole, seedlings root and seedling medium are temporarily separated, compacting matrix, water of drenching after having transplanted.
4, management after transplanting
Morning and evening trickle during fine day, transplants in latter 3 months fertile without the need to trickle.Every 30d trichlorphon original powder 2000 times of liquid and add this amount of liquid medicine mass concentration be 0.1% washing powder do cauline leaf spraying prevention and elimination of disease and pests.After planting 25d start sprout be unearthed, neatly need 35d from being seeded into sprouting, whole nursery stage statistical data sees the following form 1:
Table 1
Conclusion: adopt seeding growing seedlings method of the present invention, Hainan wind nanmu sowing germination rate reaches as high as 90.2%, wherein goes the seeding and seedling raising effect of arillus to be better than and stays arillus process.Because Hainan wind nanmu seed is large, nutrition is plentiful, and after transplanting, the fast and survival rate of growth is to 100%.
Embodiment 2
1, seed collecting and seed treatment: the seed collecting time is in mid-April, 2015, and wind nanmu and great Ye wind nanmu seed all pick up from In Xishuangbanna of Yunnan botanical garden, and elite stand is artificial planting, and harvesting method is individual plant.When gathering, fruit ftractures all, spread out after taking back be positioned over ventilation prepare sow immediately.
2, vernalization is sowed
Removed husky bed weeds April 21, flatten bed surface after loosening the soil, slightly compress, and to drench sterilization with the liquor potassic permanganate that mass concentration is 0.5%.After at 4 in afternoon April 22, to drench husky bed with clear water.Carry out seed treatment again after husky bed is ready to, first remove pericarp and arillus, clear water soaks seed 10min with 500mg/L liquor potassic permanganate after cleaning and pulls out.Ditch is opened along bedside during sowing, then seed is placed horizontally in seed furrow equably, seed and seed are spaced from each other, and hilum down, finish the wet rough sand of rear use half to cover, be advisable to lose seed, cover husky height 2-3cm, spray trichlorphon original powder 1500 times of liquid after trickle fixation again and endanger with ant prevention.Build the Small plastic shed of high about 80cm with bamboo chip or iron wire, add a cover the shady net that film and shade density are 75%, for heat and moisture preserving.During vernalization, management looks the humidity temperature and humidity control in seedbed, getting up early ventilation 2h, if sand surface is not dry before emerging, without the need to watering, and covered with sunshade net moisturizing on daytime; Between the seeding stage, soil moisture remains on 50 ~ 60%, and transplanting and last week controlling soil moisture is 40 ~ 50%, is beneficial to root of hair.Before emerging, day temperature maintains 30 ~ 32 DEG C, and night is 20 ~ 25 DEG C; After emerging, daytime maintains 28 ~ 30 DEG C, and night is 18 ~ 20 DEG C, does not water rich water during vernalization.May 14 checked, seed starts sprouting and is unearthed, and May 23 added up germination rate, and wind nanmu and great Ye wind nanmu are respectively 94.8% and 93.3%.
3, bud transplantation of seedlings
In preparation on May 25 seedling medium, No. 26 are played transplantation of seedlings.
1. soil pack is joined: non-woven bag specification selects diameter (12cm) × highly (20cm), by volume percentage is humic table soil 30% to base starting material, coconut palm chaff 35%, the bark 20% become thoroughly decomposed, natural pond slag 5%, perlite 10% carry out mixing and mixing thoroughly, pack immediately after preparing and put to nursery furrow face, matrix pack amount is slightly low crosses sack 2cm.
2. lifting: plumule long 3 ~ 4cm, thick 2 ~ 3mm during lifting, long more than the 6cm of root, does not open up leaf.Play seedling-growing method for first drenching seedbed with clear water, again with bamboo chip sled loose sand soil, seedling is carefully taken out, is placed in plastic basin and cleans silt, then proceed to soak seedling root 30min in the 0.2g/kg root-inducing powder aqueous solution that is mixed with the former powder of ABT3 root-inducing powder that active constituent content is 98% after take out.
3. transplant: transplant water of matrix being drenched the previous day, then carry out disinfection with Zineb wettable powder 600 times of liquid that formulation is 80%.First draw in container for plant growth center the kind plant hole that diameter is 4 ~ 5cm, dark 7 ~ 8cm with bamboo chip during transplanting, put into seedling, then the humic table soil of having sterilized is inserted in kind of plant hole, seedlings root and seedling medium are temporarily separated, compacting matrix, water of drenching after having transplanted.
4, management after transplanting
Morning and evening trickle during fine day, transplants in latter 3 months fertile without the need to trickle.Every 30d trichlorphon original powder 2000 times of liquid and add this amount of liquid medicine mass concentration be 0.1% washing powder do cauline leaf spraying prevention and elimination of disease and pests.After planting 22d start sprout be unearthed, neatly need 31d from being seeded into sprouting, nursery situation sees the following form 2:
Table 2
Conclusion: adopt seeding growing seedlings method of the present invention, wind nanmu sowing germination rate is 94.8%, great Ye wind nanmu sowing germination rate is 93.3%, transplants latter 1 month statistics survival rate and is 100%, transplant latter 2 months wind nanmu average height of seedling 13.72cm, average leading thread is 4.62mm; great Ye wind nanmu average height of seedling 23.34cm, average leading thread 6.56mm; Nursery stock stem is sturdy logical straight, and growth potential is good, and without damage by disease and insect, and growing way is even, and half a year can go out garden.

Claims (10)

1. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder a root seeding growing seedlings method, it is characterized in that, it comprises following operating procedure:
(1) collect seed: gather the upper ripening fruits of wind Phoebe plant tree or pick up the still intact shedding then of seed;
(2) seed treatment: should process immediately after fruit harvesting, with adopting with broadcasting; The fruit ftractureed directly removes pericarp and arillus, namely sows after cleaning, if fruit does not ftracture when gathering, is then placed on ventilation and dries in the shade, and through 5 ~ 7d, sows after pericarp cracking takes out seed;
(3) vernalization is sowed
1. husky bed prepares: weed a garden, flatten bed surface after loosening the soil, slightly compress, and sowing carries out disinfection the previous day;
2. vernalization is sowed: sow front clear water and to drench husky bed, ditch is opened along bedside direction, ripe and full substantial seed is positioned over equably in seed furrow after sterilization, cover with half wet rough sand, then trickle fixation, again cover husky to 2 ~ 3cm height, finally spray insect protected medicine to endanger with ant prevention, and the Small plastic shed of high 80cm is built with bamboo chip or iron wire, add a cover the shady net that film and shade density are 75%, for heat and moisture preserving;
3. manage during vernalization: the humidity control water control depending on seedbed is wet, note the adjustment of temperature of shed simultaneously and prevent worm ant to sting food, without the need to watering rich water during vernalization;
(4) bud transplantation of seedlings
1. join soil pack: non-woven fabrics Seedling bag selected by container for plant growth, matrix pack amount is slightly low crosses sack 2cm;
2. lifting: treat plumule growth paramount 3 ~ 4cm, the thick 2 ~ 3mm of stem, long more than the 6cm of root, lifting before Zhan Ye, first to drench husky bed with clear water before lifting, prize loose sand soil again, seedling is carefully taken out, clean to proceed in the basin filling root taking sprout strengthening agent after silt soak seedling root 30min after take out and wait to transplant;
3. transplant: transplanting waters matrix the previous day drenches, then carries out disinfection with Zineb wettable powder 600 times of liquid that formulation is 80%, first introduce a fine variety plant hole with bamboo chip in container for plant growth center during transplanting, planting plant hole diameter is 4 ~ 5cm, dark 7 ~ 8cm; Put into seedling, then carry out compacting matrix after Ficus caricaL, water of drenching after having transplanted;
(5) container seedling management: weeding in time, carries out liquid manure normalization management and the extermination of disease and insect pest after growth of seedling is stable.
2. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in step (1), seed collecting period is late March ~ mid-April, when tree is plucked, pericarp transfers yellow green to by dark green, carpopodium place pulp reddens deliquescing, and fruit along ventral suture and dorsal suture fine fisssure, or is shown in orange red or orange arillus.
3. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (3), the interior of the husky bed of vernalization is 0.25m deeply, and inner width is 1.0m, and bed surface length is determined according to nursery landform.
4. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (3), need by seed traverse during sowing, and the spaced apart nothing of seed is blocked mutually, and hilum is down, is beneficial to radicle growth.
5. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (3), seed disinfection method is: soak seed 10min with 500mg/L potassium permanganate solution prior to seeding; The insect protected medicine finishing rear sprinkling is trichlorphon original powder 1500 times of liquid.
6. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, manages in described step (3) during vernalization:
Moisture management: getting up early ventilation 2h, if sand surface is not dry before emerging, without the need to watering, covered with sunshade net moisturizing on daytime; Between the seeding stage soil moisture remain on 50 ~ 60% be conducive to sprout be unearthed, transplant last week control soil moisture be 40 ~ 50%, be beneficial to root of hair;
Temperature treatment: before emerging, day temperature maintains 30 ~ 32 DEG C, night is 20 ~ 25 DEG C; After emerging, daytime maintains 28 ~ 30 DEG C, and night is 18 ~ 20 DEG C.
7. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (4), the specification of non-woven fabrics Seedling bag is 12cm × 20cm, its in-built seedling medium is become by the mixed raw material of following by volume percentage: humic table soil 30%, coconut palm chaff 35%, the bark 20% become thoroughly decomposed, natural pond slag 5%, perlite 10%, wherein, the bark become thoroughly decomposed is that eucalyptus sheet fabrication factory bark discarded object obtains through fermentation maturity.
8. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (4), the preparation of root taking sprout strengthening agent is: by active constituent content be 98% the former powder of ABT3 root-inducing powder be mixed with the root-inducing powder aqueous solution of 0.2g/kg.
9. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (4), the operation every Ficus caricaL is inserted in kind of plant hole by the humic table soil of having sterilized, and seedlings root and seedling medium are temporarily separated.
10. wind Phoebe plant exempts to hinder root seeding growing seedlings method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step (5) after transplanting to the management of container seedling is: morning and evening trickle during fine day, transplant in latter 3 months fertile without the need to trickle, the extermination of disease and insect pest is every 30d trichlorphon original powder 2000 times of liquid, and add this amount of liquid medicine mass concentration be 0.1% washing powder do cauline leaf spraying.
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CN106577001A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 Sowing and seedling raising method for watermelons
CN107124976A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-09-05 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of method of Calotropis gigantea container nursery
CN109197365A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-01-15 钦州市林业科学研究所 A kind of method for cultivating seedlings of Hainan wind nanmu
CN111248036A (en) * 2020-02-26 2020-06-09 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Salt-isolated row-combining planting method for potted red-heart pitaya in coastal saline-alkali soil
CN114158309A (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-03-11 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Method for promoting germination of endangered plant Hainan machilus seeds

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