CN104705019A - High-yield sorghum planting method - Google Patents

High-yield sorghum planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104705019A
CN104705019A CN201310674842.0A CN201310674842A CN104705019A CN 104705019 A CN104705019 A CN 104705019A CN 201310674842 A CN201310674842 A CN 201310674842A CN 104705019 A CN104705019 A CN 104705019A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorghum
fertilizer
chinese sorghum
seeds
carrier
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Pending
Application number
CN201310674842.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宗鹏
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201310674842.0A priority Critical patent/CN104705019A/en
Publication of CN104705019A publication Critical patent/CN104705019A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield sorghum planting method which is characterized in that the method includes the following steps of 1 preparing nutrition carrier, 2 culturing seeds, 3 sowing and culturing seedlings, 4 transplanting and fertilizing and 5 weeding and topdressing. Through pretreatment and later-period disease prevention of the seeds, pest and disease damage of the sorghum is reduced, the disease resistance of plants is improved, meanwhile the yield per plant is increased, unique fragrance can be generated after the sorghum is fermented, the fermented sorghum tastes heavy in flavor, and economical benefits are brought.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of high yield Chinese sorghum
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting technology field, be specifically related to the implantation methods of a kind of high yield Chinese sorghum.
Background technology
Chinese sorghum happiness temperature, happiness light Chinese sorghum originate in the torrid zone, and be the warm crop of happiness, temperature required between breeding time is higher than corn, and has certain high-temperature stability, the time of infertility preference temperature 20-30 DEG C.Chinese sorghum is C4 crop, all needs sufficient illumination the time of infertility.Chinese sorghum belongs to short day crop, and any kind can accelerated development under short-day sunshine treatment.Drought resisting, waterlogging-resistant, Salt And Alkali Tolerance, barren-resistant Sorghum roots prosperity, root cells has higher osmotic pressure, absorbs moisture ability strong from soil.Meanwhile, stem, Ye Biao and have one deck white wax, can reduce moisture evaporation, strengthen drought-resistant ability, can prevent moisture from infiltrating in stem during water logging, thus strengthen waterlogging ability during arid.The table of blade table and pore and long-pending less, blade energy automatic curling during air drought, plant be resting state, when moisture abundance, restoration ecosystem again.So Chinese sorghum is resistance to soil drought both, resistance to atmospheric drought again.Chinese sorghum, except the characteristic that quality is consummate, stickiness is good, epidermis is thick, is rich in abundant protein, and Dryland Sorghum has the feature being particularly suitable for brewageing, and by fermentation, can produce unique fragrance, mouthfeel flavour is strong.The planting time of Chinese sorghum is sowed before the last ten-days period in March to mid-April.Period need apply fertilizer through man-made irrigation, and stops birds and insect.Dryland Sorghum high nutritive value, containing rich in protein, carbohydrate, Cobastab group, several mineral materials and folic acid.Also the reputation because of liquor made from sorghum and Chinese sorghum vinegar is loud, even if the cost of import Chinese sorghum to be worked hard the more cheap of ploughing and weeding compared with locality, the Dryland Sorghum brew to plant on ground still adhered to by time-honored old factory building.
The stem stalk of Chinese sorghum contains a large amount of juice and sugar, is emerging a kind of sugar [yielding, forage crop and energy crop.Seed, fringe firewood (inflorescence), fringe neck, the stem stalk of comprehensive utilization Chinese sorghum are the traditional habits of CHINA SORGHUM cultivation.Namely become sorghum rice after sorghum seed processing, be all grain on China, Korea, the former Soviet Union, India and Africa and other places.How to produce a kind of output high, be worth wide, the Chinese sorghum implantation methods that resistance against diseases is strong, significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the implantation methods of a kind of high yield Chinese sorghum, improve the disease resistance of plant, add single plant yield simultaneously, be applicable to brewed wine product, bring economic interests.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
An implantation methods for high yield Chinese sorghum, is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) nutrition carrier is joined: the medical stone that the ratio being 10: 3 according to weight proportion gets humus soil, granularity is 2-2.5mm mixes;
(2) seed culture: sorghum seeds is immersed in the nutrient solution of sucrose 30-35g/L, indolebutyric acid IBA0.03-0.04mg/L and active carbon 1-1.2g/L composition the 6-8min that soaks seed;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: pretreated sorghum seeds is seeded in and fills in the seedling-cultivation plate of nutrition carrier, sowing depth is that under carrier, 2-2.5cm controls irrigation amount, and maintenance humidity is 65-70%;
(4) fertilising is transplanted: transplant after hardening 6-8 days under field conditions (factors), every mu applies 2800-3000 kilogram by the mass ratio of farmyard manure and Chicken dung is the fertilizer that 1:1 forms, and by earth culture at plant root;
(5) weeding is topdressed: intertill and clean tillage 2-3 time, uses 150-160g water soluble composite fertilizer for every 667 square metres, adds the butachlor ec 50mL of 30-35%, be watered 40-45kg, sprays soil table.
Above-mentioned water soluble composite fertilizer is the concentration containing micro-B, Cu, Fe is the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 220-230ppm.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Implantation methods of the present invention reduces the poisoning that chemical agent causes Chinese sorghum, by to the pretreatment of seed and the prevention of damage by disease in later stage, decrease Chinese sorghum damage by disease and insect to occur, improve the disease resistance of plant, add single plant yield simultaneously, by fermentation, unique fragrance can be produced, mouthfeel flavour is strong, brings economic interests.
Embodiment 1
An implantation methods for high yield Chinese sorghum, is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) nutrition carrier is joined: the medical stone that the ratio being 10: 3 according to weight proportion gets humus soil, granularity is 2.3mm mixes;
(2) seed culture: sorghum seeds is immersed in the nutrient solution of sucrose 30g/L, indolebutyric acid IBA0.03mg/L and active carbon 1g/L composition the 6min that soaks seed;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: pretreated sorghum seeds is seeded in and fills in the seedling-cultivation plate of nutrition carrier, sowing depth is that under carrier, 2.3cm controls irrigation amount, keeps humidity to be 65%;
(4) fertilising is transplanted: hardening was transplanted after 6 days under field conditions (factors), and every mu applies 2800 kilograms by the mass ratio of composite fertilizer and Chicken dung is the fertilizer that 1:1 forms, and by earth culture at plant root;
(5) weeding is topdressed: intertill and clean tillage 2 times, and every 667 square metres is the N P and K water soluble composite fertilizer of 220ppm by the concentration that 150g contains micro-B, Cu, Fe, adds the butachlor ec 50mL of 30%, is watered 40kg, spray soil table.
Embodiment 2
An implantation methods for high yield Chinese sorghum, is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) nutrition carrier is joined: the medical stone that the ratio being 10: 3 according to weight proportion gets humus soil, granularity is 2.5mm mixes;
(2) seed culture: sorghum seeds is immersed in the nutrient solution of sucrose 35g/L, indolebutyric acid IBA 0.04mg/L and active carbon 1.2g/L composition the 8min that soaks seed;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: pretreated sorghum seeds is seeded in and fills in the seedling-cultivation plate of nutrition carrier, sowing depth is that under carrier, 2.5cm controls irrigation amount, keeps humidity to be 70%;
(4) fertilising is transplanted: hardening was transplanted after 8 days under field conditions (factors), and every mu applies 3000 kilograms by the mass ratio of composite fertilizer and Chicken dung is the fertilizer that 1:1 forms, and by earth culture at plant root;
(5) weeding is topdressed: intertill and clean tillage 3 times, and every 667 square metres is the N P and K water soluble composite fertilizer of 230ppm by the concentration that 160g contains micro-B, Cu, Fe, adds the butachlor ec 50mL of 35%, is watered 45kg, spray soil table.

Claims (2)

1. an implantation methods for high yield Chinese sorghum, is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) nutrition carrier is joined: the medical stone that the ratio being 10: 3 according to weight proportion gets humus soil, granularity is 2-2.5mm mixes;
(2) seed culture: sorghum seeds is immersed in the nutrient solution of sucrose 30-35g/L, indolebutyric acid IBA0.03-0.04mg/L and active carbon 1-1.2g/L composition the 6-8min that soaks seed;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: pretreated sorghum seeds is seeded in and fills in the seedling-cultivation plate of nutrition carrier, sowing depth is that under carrier, 2-2.5cm controls irrigation amount, and maintenance humidity is 65-70%;
(4) fertilising is transplanted: transplant after hardening 6-8 days under field conditions (factors), every mu applies 2800-3000 kilogram by the mass ratio of farmyard manure and Chicken dung is the fertilizer that 1:1 forms, and by earth culture at plant root;
(5) weeding is topdressed: intertill and clean tillage 2-3 time, uses 150-160g water soluble composite fertilizer for every 667 square metres, adds the butachlor ec 50mL of 30-35%, be watered 40-45kg, sprays soil table.
2. the implantation methods of a kind of high yield Chinese sorghum according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water soluble composite fertilizer is the concentration containing micro-B, Cu, Fe is the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 220-230ppm.
CN201310674842.0A 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 High-yield sorghum planting method Pending CN104705019A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310674842.0A CN104705019A (en) 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 High-yield sorghum planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310674842.0A CN104705019A (en) 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 High-yield sorghum planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104705019A true CN104705019A (en) 2015-06-17

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310674842.0A Pending CN104705019A (en) 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 High-yield sorghum planting method

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN104705019A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248059A (en) * 2015-07-06 2016-01-20 贵州省仁怀市欢悦红粱种植有限公司 Sorghum seedling and transplanting method
CN106717754A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of spring makees the implantation methods of high yield sorghum
CN107466522A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-15 安徽科技学院 A kind of vernalization breeding method of sorghum
CN109258349A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-25 汪琴 A kind of high-yield high-efficiency cultivation method of sorghum
CN113711872A (en) * 2021-09-07 2021-11-30 仁怀市红谷农业产业发展有限责任公司 Mechanical sorghum planting method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248059A (en) * 2015-07-06 2016-01-20 贵州省仁怀市欢悦红粱种植有限公司 Sorghum seedling and transplanting method
CN106717754A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of spring makees the implantation methods of high yield sorghum
CN107466522A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-15 安徽科技学院 A kind of vernalization breeding method of sorghum
CN109258349A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-25 汪琴 A kind of high-yield high-efficiency cultivation method of sorghum
CN113711872A (en) * 2021-09-07 2021-11-30 仁怀市红谷农业产业发展有限责任公司 Mechanical sorghum planting method

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Application publication date: 20150617