CN104686109A - Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica - Google Patents

Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104686109A
CN104686109A CN201310642880.8A CN201310642880A CN104686109A CN 104686109 A CN104686109 A CN 104686109A CN 201310642880 A CN201310642880 A CN 201310642880A CN 104686109 A CN104686109 A CN 104686109A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
manchurian ash
seedlings
fraxinus mandshurica
seedling
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310642880.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Harbin Paiteng Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310642880.8A priority Critical patent/CN104686109A/en
Publication of CN104686109A publication Critical patent/CN104686109A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica. The cultivation technique is realized by adopting the following steps: (1) seed treatment: a step of accelerating germination since Fraxinus mandshurica seeds are seeds with a long dormancy period and can sprout only after germination acceleration, wherein common methods for germination acceleration comprise A, an over-winter stratification burial-storage method, and B, a temperature-varying treatment method; (2) seeding: a step of carrying out seeding in spring, carrying out full watering after seeding and carrying out timely chemical weeding before seedling emergence, wherein 0.5 to 0.7 kg of base fertilizer is applied per hectare while soil is turned up, and during ridge cropping, the seeding rate per mu is 35 to 40 grams and the thickness of covering soil is 1 to 2 cm; and (3) management in a seedling stage: a step of strengthening nutrient and water management, digging out Fraxinus mandshurica seedlings in autumn when the seedlings grow to a height of 20 to 30 centimeters in the year, temporarily planting the Fraxinus mandshurica seedlings for overwintering when temperature is stable and ground temperature drops to below 0 DEG C, digging out the temporarily-planted Fraxinus mandshurica seedlings and planting the seedlings in a mountain in mid-to-late April in spring, and carrying out timely soil-thawing afforestation since Fraxinus mandshurica has a rejuvenation period of about 20 days.

Description

The culture technique of a kind of Manchurian ash
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation method, particularly the culture technique of a kind of Manchurian ash, belong to agricultural cultivation method field.
Background technology
Manchurian ash mainly originates in the ground such as northeast, North China.(sapwood) or brown slightly yellow (heartwood) in yellow-white.Annual ring is obvious but uneven, and wooden structures is thick, and texture is straight, and decorative pattern is beautiful, and glossy, hardness is larger.Manchurian ash has elasticity, good toughness, wear-resisting, the features such as moisture-proof.But dry difficulty, easy warpage.Good processability, but should prevent from tearing.Tangent plane is smooth, paint, and comparatively viscosity can be good.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is based on existing Manchurian ash cultivation method, adopt the principles of science of novelty, propose the culture technique of a kind of Manchurian ash, it greatly saves labour, reduce Manchurian ash planting cost, improve Manchurian ash survival rate, enhance the benefit of plantation Manchurian ash, the disease resistance of Manchurian ash and insect pest ability are strengthened, reaches the object of high yield and high quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the employing of its technical problem is: the culture technique of a kind of Manchurian ash, and its cultivation method adopts following steps to realize.
(1) seed treatment: the seed of Manchurian ash belongs to long resting stage seed, just can need emerge through vernalization process, common method has: 1. every winter layer amass burying storage deposit seed in the August of sowing the previous year carry out soaking seed, sterilize, vernalization, lamination of digging pit bury, seed is taken out before sowing in spring next year, find the many greens that turned yellow of embryo, and have a small amount of germination, can begin sowing in good time.2. intermittent warming method: the seed that mid or late September newly gathers, need use indoor intermittent warming, by the ratio uniform mixing of kind, husky 1:3, first under 20-24 DEG C of conditions, process two months, after transfer cold temperature to and process, process two months at 0-5 DEG C, processing sequence can not be put upside down, and the time should not shorten.(2) sow: plough and apply base manure 0.5-0.7 kg/ha simultaneously, ridge was made every mu of seeding quantity and was 35-40 grams, thickness of earth covering 1-2 centimetres, after planting Limit irrigation, before emerging, carry out chemical weed control in time in order to sow in spring the sowing time.(3) seedling management: strengthen water and fertilizer management, Seedling height growth is at 20-30 centimetres then, Manchurian ash will dig seedling in the fall, stablize at temperature, ground temperature is reduced to less than 0 DEG C and heels in and survive the winter, bent Liu Miaomu can excavate in mid or late April in spring and go up a hill, and Manchurian ash has the seedling-slowing stage of about 20 days, should accomplish top slurry afforestation in good time; Should follow the Technical regulations for afforestation of " five is not dried up ", Manchurian ash should not build pure forest simultaneously, should carry out mixed friendship, so both can solve the problem that Growth of Manchurian Ash is slow, form is not straight, overcome again many disadvantages of Manchurian ash pure forest with larch; The mode of the wealthy mixed friendship of pin has three kinds, and namely banded, mixed friendship between lumps and strain, adopts Mixed in belt mode at ordinary times more, be both convenient to afforestation construction, and be convenient to tending management again.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the culture technique of a kind of Manchurian ash that the present invention proposes, it greatly saves labour, reduce Manchurian ash planting cost, improve Manchurian ash survival rate, enhance the benefit of plantation Manchurian ash, the disease resistance of Manchurian ash and insect pest ability are strengthened, reaches the object of high yield and high quality, there is larger promotional value.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with instantiation, the invention will be further described.
A culture technique for Manchurian ash, its cultivation method adopts following steps to realize.
(1) seed treatment: the seed of Manchurian ash belongs to long resting stage seed, just can need emerge through vernalization process, common method has: 1. every winter layer amass burying storage deposit seed in the August of sowing the previous year carry out soaking seed, sterilize, vernalization, lamination of digging pit bury, seed is taken out before sowing in spring next year, find the many greens that turned yellow of embryo, and have a small amount of germination, can begin sowing in good time.2. intermittent warming method: the seed that mid or late September newly gathers, need use indoor intermittent warming, by the ratio uniform mixing of kind, husky 1:3, first under 20-24 DEG C of conditions, process two months, after transfer cold temperature to and process, process two months at 0-5 DEG C, processing sequence can not be put upside down, and the time should not shorten.(2) sow: plough and apply base manure 0.5-0.7 kg/ha simultaneously, ridge was made every mu of seeding quantity and was 35-40 grams, thickness of earth covering 1-2 centimetres, after planting Limit irrigation, before emerging, carry out chemical weed control in time in order to sow in spring the sowing time.(3) seedling management: strengthen water and fertilizer management, Seedling height growth is at 20-30 centimetres then, Manchurian ash will dig seedling in the fall, stablize at temperature, ground temperature is reduced to less than 0 DEG C and heels in and survive the winter, bent Liu Miaomu can excavate in mid or late April in spring and go up a hill, and Manchurian ash has the seedling-slowing stage of about 20 days, should accomplish top slurry afforestation in good time; Should follow the Technical regulations for afforestation of " five is not dried up ", Manchurian ash should not build pure forest simultaneously, should carry out mixed friendship, so both can solve the problem that Growth of Manchurian Ash is slow, form is not straight, overcome again many disadvantages of Manchurian ash pure forest with larch; The mode of the wealthy mixed friendship of pin has three kinds, and namely banded, mixed friendship between lumps and strain, adopts Mixed in belt mode at ordinary times more, be both convenient to afforestation construction, and be convenient to tending management again.

Claims (1)

1. a culture technique for Manchurian ash, is characterized in that: described cultivation method adopts following steps to realize:
(1) seed treatment: the seed of Manchurian ash belongs to long resting stage seed, just can need emerge through vernalization process, common method has: 1. amass burying storage every winter layer: deposit seed in the August of sowing the previous year carry out soaking seed, sterilize, vernalization, lamination of digging pit bury, seed is taken out before sowing in spring next year, find the many greens that turned yellow of embryo, and have a small amount of germination, can begin sowing in good time; 2. intermittent warming method: the seed that mid or late September newly gathers, need use indoor intermittent warming, by the ratio uniform mixing of kind, husky 1:3, first under 20-24 DEG C of conditions, process two months, after transfer cold temperature to and process, process two months at 0-5 DEG C, processing sequence can not be put upside down, and the time should not shorten; (2) sow: plough and apply base manure 0.5-0.7 kg/ha simultaneously, ridge was made every mu of seeding quantity and was 35-40 grams, thickness of earth covering 1-2 centimetres, after planting Limit irrigation, carries out chemical weed control before emerging in time in order to sow in spring the sowing time; (3) seedling management: strengthen water and fertilizer management, Seedling height growth is at 20-30 centimetres then, Manchurian ash will dig seedling in the fall, stablize at temperature, ground temperature is reduced to less than 0 DEG C and heels in and survive the winter, bent Liu Miaomu can excavate in mid or late April in spring and go up a hill, and Manchurian ash has the seedling-slowing stage of about 20 days, should accomplish top slurry afforestation in good time; Should follow the Technical regulations for afforestation of " five is not dried up ", Manchurian ash should not build pure forest simultaneously, should carry out mixed friendship, so both can solve the problem that Growth of Manchurian Ash is slow, form is not straight, overcome again many disadvantages of Manchurian ash pure forest with larch; The mode of the wealthy mixed friendship of pin has three kinds, and namely banded, mixed friendship between lumps and strain, adopts Mixed in belt mode at ordinary times more, be both convenient to afforestation construction, and be convenient to again tending management 1.
CN201310642880.8A 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica Pending CN104686109A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310642880.8A CN104686109A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310642880.8A CN104686109A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica

Publications (1)

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CN104686109A true CN104686109A (en) 2015-06-10

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CN201310642880.8A Pending CN104686109A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Cultivation technique for Fraxinus mandshurica

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CN (1) CN104686109A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212159A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 阜南县东奥工艺品有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Salix babylonica L.
CN106234103A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 阜南县东奥工艺品有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-survival rate Salix babylonica L.
CN107200653A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-09-26 芜湖新达园林绿化集团有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for promoting weeping willow to grow
CN107455206A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-12 吉林省林业科学研究院 A kind of Changbai Mountain preciousness broad leaf tree method for cultivating seedlings

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212159A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 阜南县东奥工艺品有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Salix babylonica L.
CN106234103A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 阜南县东奥工艺品有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-survival rate Salix babylonica L.
CN107200653A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-09-26 芜湖新达园林绿化集团有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for promoting weeping willow to grow
CN107455206A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-12 吉林省林业科学研究院 A kind of Changbai Mountain preciousness broad leaf tree method for cultivating seedlings

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Application publication date: 20150610