CN104641942A - Method for cultivating oyster mushroom on mulberry twigs - Google Patents

Method for cultivating oyster mushroom on mulberry twigs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104641942A
CN104641942A CN201510108346.8A CN201510108346A CN104641942A CN 104641942 A CN104641942 A CN 104641942A CN 201510108346 A CN201510108346 A CN 201510108346A CN 104641942 A CN104641942 A CN 104641942A
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ramulus mori
mushroom
manganese
cultivating
bag
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潘家宽
梁晓妮
覃稳梅
雷军强
龙福全
黄顺忠
莫奇华
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BUREAU
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BUREAU
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating oyster mushroom on mulberry twigs. The method comprises the following steps: (a) treating the mulberry twigs; (b) preparing a culture medium; (c) burdening and bagging; (d) burdening and sterilizing; (e) inoculating; (f) performing bacterium cultivation; (g) performing mushroom producing management; (h) harvesting. The formula of the culture medium comprises 65-75 parts of mulberry branch powder, 15-20 parts of fine rice bran or bran, 1-2 parts of calcium superphosphate, 1-2 pars of sugar, 1-2 part of gypsum, 1-2 parts of carbendazim and 0.1-0.3 part of manganese. By adopting the method for cultivating oyster mushroom on mulberry twigs, the problems of large growing fluctuation and low biological conversion rate of the oyster mushroom in the prior art are solved, the yield and quality of the oyster mushroom can be increased, and agricultural waste can be utilized reasonably.

Description

A kind of method of ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural product production technical field, be specifically related to a kind of method of ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom.
Background technology
Flat mushroom have another name called pick up the ears, oyster cap fungus, oyster mushroom, black tree peony mushroom, being Agaricales Pleurotaceae one kind under Basidiomycota, is that kind of a quite common grey eats mushroom.
The growing environment of flat mushroom will will reach some requirement following usually:
1, nutrition: the available nutrition of flat mushroom is a lot, and plant residue and the cellulosic plant residue of wooden class can utilize.During artificial cultivation, higher with waste cotton, cotton seed hulls, corncob, cotton stalk, large beanstalk output according to flat mushroom time, other agricultural refuses also can utilize, as wood chip, straw, wheat straw, corncob etc.
2, temperature: flat mushroom can grow at 5 ~ 35 DEG C, 20 ~ 30 DEG C is Suitable ranges.
3, humidity: the water content of substrate of mycelial growth is the suitableeest with 60% ~ 65%, the fruiting phase is the suitableeest with 70% ~ 75%, relative humidity of atomsphere sporophore growth 85% ~ 95% time is rapid, healthy and strong, lower than 80% time cap be easy to dry limit or cracking, easily there is rotten mushroom more than 95% in the long period.
4, air: flat mushroom is aerobic fungi, fruit-body formation, Differentiation and development need sufficient oxygen.
5, light: hypha of Pleurotus ostreatus bulk-growth does not need light, light suppresses the growth of mycelia on the contrary, but the formation of the generation of fruit body or growth needs light, particularly fruit body primordium.
6, pH value: hypha of Pleurotus ostreatus can grow in pH value 3.5 ~ 9.0 scope, optimum pH 5.4 ~ 7.5.
7, other: responsive to the bad air such as CO in Air, sulphide, acetylene during mushroom carpophore grows, also irritated to dichlorvos.
Domestic patent database also discloses some oyster mushroom culture techniques, such as:
Such as: [title] a kind of Oyster mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof, [patent No.] CN201210573951.9, [applying date] 2012.12.26, a kind of Oyster mushroom culture medium, raw material and weight portion are: vinegar grain 40-60 part, peanut shell powder 40-60 part, 2 parts, gypsum.Preparation method is: gypsum is soluble in water, vinegar grain, peanut shell is added by formula, add water and stir, amount of water is 60%-70%, the medium that mixes is loaded in polypropylene cylinder bag, during use at 120 DEG C sterilizing 100min, naturally cool to room temperature, then inoculate, put into culturing room.This medium contributes to flat mushroom and grows fast, improves the nutritive value of flat mushroom, improves mouthfeel, reduces the price of flat mushroom.
Again such as: the method for [title] a kind of cultivating white mushroom, [patent No.] CN201110325735.8, [applying date] 2011.10.24, discloses a kind of method of cultivating white mushroom.Flat mushroom strain is inoculated in the packed medium after spice, sterilizing, then bacterium is cultivated through sending out successively, management of producing mushroom is ripe and gather to flat mushroom; Described packed medium is made up of the culture medium waste of fungus cultivation, rice husk, corn flour, lime and carbendazim; Remove mushroom root residual after gathering, it is ripe and gather to flat mushroom again to carry out management of producing mushroom, repeats this step 5-7 time.
S&T papers database also discloses the technical method that some utilize ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom:
Such as: the large-scale production demonstration of [autograph] ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom, [periodical name] guangdong agricultural science, [time] 2012, described ramulus mori cultivation comprises the following steps: original seed preparation-ramulus mori process-batching pack-sterilizing-inoculation-cultivation-management of producing mushroom.Ramulus mori culture medium prescription is ramulus mori powder 77%, fine rice bran or wheat bran 20%, superphosphate 1%, white sugar 1%, gypsum 1%.The biological efficiency of the method can reach more than 50%.
Be not difficult to find, but the existing medium for cultivating white mushroom is primarily of wood chip, drum head, lime or be made up of corncob, beanstalk, drum head, lime.Owing to being subject to the impact of the multi-scheme factor such as nutrient component, temperature, humidity, acid-base value, illumination of medium, the growth fluctuation of flat mushroom is comparatively large, and the biological transformation ratio of flat mushroom is general not high, is generally between 120%-160%.Therefore be necessary that studying one can make flat mushroom steadily grow, and maintain the method for higher biological transformation ratio, improve Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the problem that the fluctuation of current mushroom growth is large, biological transformation ratio is not high, provide one and can improve Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus and quality, reasonably can utilize again the method for agricultural wastes.
The method of ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A) ramulus mori process: ramulus mori is cut into slices, pulverizes the ramulus mori bits obtaining diameter and be less than 6mm;
B) medium is prepared: use ramulus mori bits prepare medium and add manganese element, its formula is as follows: ramulus mori considers 65-75 part, fine rice bran or wheat bran 15-20 part, superphosphate 1-2 part, sugared 1-2 part, gypsum 1-2 part, carbendazim 1-2 part, manganese 0.1-0.3 part to be worth doing;
C) batching pack: batching is put into polypropylene plastics cultivation bag, requires that batching moisture content is 55-65%;
D) batching sterilizing: by batching pack through sterilization process, require that microorganism cleanliness factor reaches ten thousand grades of levels;
E) inoculate: flat mushroom original seed is seeded in the surface of culture base-material in right amount and sack is sealed;
F) cultivation: postvaccinal bacterium bag is proceeded to stacking in culturing room, cultivates under natural temperature, keeps cultivating simultaneously
Ambient black and air smoothness, relative air humidity is 50-65%;
G) management of producing mushroom: cover with after bacterium bag until flat mushroom and continue to cultivate 6-8 days, move in mushroom producing room or outdoor sunshade afterwards, then flat mushroom is put on fruiting shelf, open bacterium bag one end, wait for fruiting;
H) gather: gather when mushroom carpophore does not fully launch, and gathered once every 2-3 days.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step a, described ramulus mori can be fresh mulberry bar, branch, also can be the ramulus mori parched; Wherein, fresh ramulus mori is directly applied, and the ramulus mori parched is pulled out after will being soaked in water 3-5 hour to drain away the water and just applied, and ensureing that ramulus mori considers water content to be worth doing is 6-10%.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step b, described interpolation manganese element can be add the manganese sulphate of respective component or manganese chloride or manganese mud.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step b, described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step b, described formula can also add golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8-10 part, palm kernel cypress 2-4 part, Soybean Meal 1-3 part; The wherein said golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after Asparagus is gathered, the part root of packaging or the edible connection composts or fertilisers of cultivating of excision in the past; Described Soybean Meal moisture content is 3-5%.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step b, the preparation process of medium is: ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran or wheat bran are added water fully wetting, and the addition of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 5-7 hour; Land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, sugar, carbendazim is soluble in water, stir, obtain mixed solution; The golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal will be added again in the solution of gained; Then mix with the raw material infiltrated before.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step c, described batching pack: select specification to be the polypropylene of 30 × 45cm and be the plastic barrel of both sides opening, as the cultivation bag preparing fruiting bacterium bag, first with rope, one side sack of plastic barrel tightened and form a cultivation bag, then the rice bran auxiliary material layer of auxiliary one deck 2-3cm is executed toward cultivation bag bottom even, then ramulus mori bits medium is loaded, until consider media surface to be worth doing with the rice bran auxiliary material layer capping ramulus mori that 2-3cm is thick again by after packed for whole cultivation reality, finally tighten with the sack of rope by cultivation bag another side.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in steps d, described sterilization process is put in incubator by the cultivation bag installed, then insulation is put into low-pressure boiler heating; Will leave space between cultivation bag during vanning, in order to steam circulation, autoclave sealing wants tight air tight, is incubated 16 hours and stops heating after incubator temperature is elevated to 100 DEG C.
Further illustrate as of the present invention, in step e, described seeded process is in clean environments good, the free of contamination flat mushroom original seed of strain quality is all accessed at two of cultivation Bag Material, and inoculum concentration is the cultivation Bag Material that each bag of flat mushroom original seed can connect 30-45.
To notice that mushroom carpophore is responsive to the bad air such as CO in Air, sulphide, acetylene in growing simultaneously, also irritated to dichlorvos, therefore will more than the isolation of mushroom carpophore growth and development stage responsive source.
Ramulus mori contains ramulus mori containing tannin, free sucrose, fructose, stachyose, glucose, maltose, raffinose, arabinose, wood sugar ", stem containing Multiple components such as flavone component Sang Su, mulberrochromene, ring mulberry rope, cyclomulberrochromenes, the most of nutriment needed for mushroom growth can be provided.Ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom has sends out the advantages such as bacterium is fast, output is high, quality better, economic benefit are outstanding.
Palm shell strips off from palm, pure natural plants part, its main component has half fiber 21.74%, cellulose 45.42%, lignin 17.64%, also containing abundant mineral element, what wherein content was maximum is raise and phosphorus, simultaneously also containing the micronutrient element such as calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, copper, zinc.
Carbendazim has another name called carbendazol, carbendazol.Carbendazim is a kind of broad-spectrum germicide, has control efficiency to the disease that various crop is caused by fungi (as imperfect fungus, many sac fungis).Can be used for foliar spray, seed treatment and soil treatment etc.In the present invention, carbendazim is the growth in order to prevent miscellaneous bacteria.
Manganese can promote mycelial growth, improves in entity output, and has a certain impact to medium and small grade fruit body size and number, and the mechanism of action of manganese is formed relevant with the impact of non-peroxide activity with manganese on ribonucleic acid.
The method of ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of the present invention has following technological progress compared to existing technology:
(1) ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal, land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, the sugared medium as cultivating white mushroom is selected, ensure that and the various nutrition that flat mushroom is required in process of growth improve the output of every batch of mushroom body.
(2) China is the country maximum with mulberry cultivation area of breeding silkworms in the world, and mulberry tree plantation nationwide, mulberry tree, except picking leaves is bred silkworms, still has a large amount of ramulus moris to waste as sericulture discarded object every year.The present invention develops ramulus mori level mushroom cultivating technique, using ramulus mori bits as flat mushroom main medium, not only takes full advantage of accessory substance resource the abundantest in Sericultural production process, also for the cultivation matrix of flat mushroom provides abundant raw material sources.
(3) the present invention also adds manganese element in the medium, and manganese can promote mycelial growth, improves in entity output, and has a certain impact to medium and small grade fruit body size and number; Facts have proved that adding manganese element can also guarantee that Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus is stablized, Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus coefficient of variation of the present invention is much smaller compared to existing technology.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, rice cultivation method of the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1: the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of the present invention, the flat mushroom strain selected is SD111.
A) ramulus mori process: ramulus mori is cut into slices, pulverizes the ramulus mori bits obtaining diameter and be less than 6mm; Described ramulus mori can be fresh mulberry bar, branch, also can be the ramulus mori parched; Wherein, fresh ramulus mori is directly applied, and the ramulus mori parched to be soaked in water pulling out after 3 hours drain away the water just apply, ensure ramulus mori bits water content be 6%.
B) prepare medium: use ramulus mori bits prepare medium and add manganese element, its formula is as follows: ramulus mori consider to be worth doing 65 parts, fine rice bran or 15 parts, wheat bran, superphosphate 1 part, sugared 1 part, 1 part, gypsum, carbendazim 1 part, manganese 0.1; Formula also added the golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8 parts, palm kernel cypress 2 parts, Soybean Meal 1 part; The wherein said golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after Asparagus is gathered, the part root of packaging or the edible connection composts or fertilisers of cultivating of excision in the past; Described Soybean Meal moisture content is 3%.
Described interpolation manganese element can be add the manganese sulphate of respective component or manganese chloride or manganese mud.Described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
The preparation process of medium is, ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran or wheat bran is added water fully wetting, and the addition of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 5-7 hour; Land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, sugar, carbendazim is soluble in water, stir, obtain mixed solution; The golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal will be added again in the solution of gained; Then mix with the raw material infiltrated before.
C) batching pack: batching is put into polypropylene plastics cultivation bag, requires that batching moisture content is 55%; Described batching pack: select specification to be the polypropylene of 30 × 45cm and be that the plastic barrel of both sides opening is as the cultivation bag preparing fruiting bacterium bag, first with rope, one side sack of plastic barrel tightened and form a cultivation bag, then the rice bran auxiliary material layer of auxiliary one deck 2-3cm is executed toward cultivation bag bottom even, then ramulus mori bits medium is loaded, until consider media surface to be worth doing with the rice bran auxiliary material layer capping ramulus mori that 2-3cm is thick again by after packed for whole cultivation reality, finally tighten with the sack of rope by cultivation bag another side.
D) batching sterilizing: by batching pack through sterilization process, require that microorganism cleanliness factor reaches ten thousand grades of levels; Described sterilization process is put in incubator by the cultivation bag installed, then insulation is put into low-pressure boiler heating; Will leave space between cultivation bag during vanning, in order to steam circulation, autoclave sealing wants tight air tight, is incubated 16 hours and stops heating after incubator temperature is elevated to 100 DEG C.
E) inoculate: flat mushroom original seed is seeded in the surface of culture medium for cultivating material in right amount and sack is sealed; Described seeded process is in clean environments good, the free of contamination flat mushroom original seed of strain quality is all accessed at two of cultivation Bag Material, and inoculum concentration is the cultivation Bag Material that each bag of flat mushroom original seed can connect 30-45.
F) cultivation: postvaccinal bacterium bag is proceeded to stacking in culturing room, cultivates under natural temperature, keeps cultivating simultaneously
Ambient black and air smoothness, relative air humidity is 50%;
G) management of producing mushroom: cover with after bacterium bag until flat mushroom and continue to cultivate 6-8 days, move in mushroom producing room or outdoor sunshade afterwards, then flat mushroom is put on fruiting shelf, open bacterium bag one end, wait for fruiting;
H) gather: gather when mushroom carpophore does not fully launch, and gathered once every 2-3 days.
Below the Experiment of Pleurotus Ostreatus result of enforcement 1:
Table 1, the test result of embodiment 1
The described cycle be before once gather and after once gather between time period, be generally 2-3 days.
Embodiment 2: the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of the present invention, the flat mushroom strain selected is SD111.
A) ramulus mori process: ramulus mori is cut into slices, pulverizes the ramulus mori bits obtaining diameter and be less than 6mm; Described ramulus mori can be fresh mulberry bar, branch, also can be the ramulus mori parched; Wherein, fresh ramulus mori is directly applied, and the ramulus mori parched to be soaked in water pulling out after 3 hours drain away the water just apply, ensure ramulus mori bits water content be 10%.
B) prepare medium: use ramulus mori bits prepare medium and add manganese element, its formula is as follows: ramulus mori consider to be worth doing 75 parts, fine rice bran or 20 parts, wheat bran, superphosphate 2 parts, sugared 2 parts, 2 parts, gypsum, carbendazim 2 parts, manganese 0.3; Formula also added the golden mushroom root base of a fruit 10 parts, palm kernel cypress 4 parts, Soybean Meal 3 parts; The wherein said golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after Asparagus is gathered, the part root of packaging or the edible connection composts or fertilisers of cultivating of excision in the past; Described Soybean Meal moisture content is 5%.
Described interpolation manganese element can be add the manganese sulphate of respective component or manganese chloride or manganese mud.Described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
The preparation process of medium is, ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran or wheat bran is added water fully wetting, and the addition of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 5-7 hour; Land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, sugar, carbendazim is soluble in water, stir, obtain mixed solution; The golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal will be added again in the solution of gained; Then mix with the raw material infiltrated before.
Step c), d), e), f), g), h) identical with case study on implementation 1.
Below the Experiment of Pleurotus Ostreatus result of enforcement 2:
Table 2, the test result of embodiment 2
The described cycle be before once gather and after once gather between time period, be generally 2-3 days.
Embodiment 3: the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of the present invention, the flat mushroom strain selected is SD111.
A) ramulus mori process: ramulus mori is cut into slices, pulverizes the ramulus mori bits obtaining diameter and be less than 6mm; Described ramulus mori can be fresh mulberry bar, branch, also can be the ramulus mori parched; Wherein, fresh ramulus mori is directly applied, and the ramulus mori parched to be soaked in water pulling out after 3 hours drain away the water just apply, ensure ramulus mori bits water content be 8%.
B) prepare medium: use ramulus mori bits prepare medium and add manganese element, its formula is as follows: ramulus mori consider to be worth doing 70 parts, fine rice bran or 18 parts, wheat bran, superphosphate 1.5 parts, sugared 1.5 parts, 1.5 parts, gypsum, carbendazim 1.5 parts, manganese 0.2; Formula also added the golden mushroom root base of a fruit 9 parts, palm kernel cypress 3 parts, Soybean Meal 3 parts; The wherein said golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after Asparagus is gathered, the part root of packaging or the edible connection composts or fertilisers of cultivating of excision in the past; Described Soybean Meal moisture content is 4%.
Described interpolation manganese element can be add the manganese sulphate of respective component or manganese chloride or manganese mud.Described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
The preparation process of medium is, ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran or wheat bran is added water fully wetting, and the addition of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 5-7 hour; Land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, sugar, carbendazim is soluble in water, stir, obtain mixed solution; The golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal will be added again in the solution of gained; Then mix with the raw material infiltrated before.
Step c), d), e), f), g), h) identical with case study on implementation 1.
Below the Hericium erinaceus result of the test of enforcement 3:
Table 3, the test result of embodiment 3
The described cycle be before once gather and after once gather between time period, be generally 2-3 days.
Comparative example: the method for the ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of prior art, selects flat mushroom bacterium SD111 equally.
Comparative example comprises the following steps: (1) gets the raw materials ready, and raw materials by weight comprises following component: mulberry tree branch 30-50%, fiery hemp stalk 28-35%, corncob 0-20%, fiery numb seed 8-12%, rice bran 3-7%, corn flour 3-7%, pulverized limestone 3-5%, sugared 1-2%; (2) prepare burden; (3) pack; (4) sterilizing; (5) inoculate; (6) hair tube reason; (7) management of producing mushroom; (8) gather.
Table 4, the test result of comparative example
The described cycle be before once gather and after once gather between time period, be generally 2-3 days.
Can be found by comparison sheet 1-4: the biological transformation ratio of the method for the invention is apparently higher than existing methodical biological transformation ratio.Along with the increase of number of times of gathering, the Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus of conventional medium cultivation is adopted obviously to decline, and the method for the invention decline degree is all less than existing method, can judge that the medium nutrient content that the present invention adopts is still sufficient after repeatedly gathering from mycelia color.Contrasted by flat mushroom under gathering, the flat mushroom that the flat mushroom that the method for the invention is cultivated is cultivated relative to existing method, mushroom handle is shorter, mushroom lid is larger.

Claims (9)

1. a method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
A) ramulus mori process: ramulus mori is cut into slices, pulverizes the ramulus mori bits obtaining diameter and be less than 6mm;
B) medium is prepared: use ramulus mori bits prepare medium and add manganese element, its formula is as follows: ramulus mori considers 65-75 part, fine rice bran or wheat bran 15-20 part, superphosphate 1-2 part, sugared 1-2 part, gypsum 1-2 part, carbendazim 1-2 part, manganese 0.1-0.3 part to be worth doing;
C) batching pack: batching is put into polypropylene plastics cultivation bag, requires that batching moisture content is 55-65%;
D) batching sterilizing: by batching pack through sterilization process, require that microorganism cleanliness factor reaches ten thousand grades of levels;
E) inoculate: flat mushroom original seed is seeded in the surface of culture base-material in right amount and sack is sealed;
F) cultivation: postvaccinal bacterium bag is proceeded to stacking in culturing room, cultivates under natural temperature, keeps cultivating simultaneously
Ambient black and air smoothness, relative air humidity is 50-65%;
G) management of producing mushroom: cover with after bacterium bag until flat mushroom and continue to cultivate 6-8 days, move in mushroom producing room or outdoor sunshade afterwards, then flat mushroom is put on fruiting shelf, open bacterium bag one end, wait for fruiting;
H) gather: gather when mushroom carpophore does not fully launch, and gathered once every 2-3 days.
2. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step a, and described ramulus mori can be fresh mulberry bar, branch, also can be the ramulus mori parched; Wherein, fresh ramulus mori is directly applied, and the ramulus mori parched is pulled out after will being soaked in water 3-5 hour to drain away the water and just applied, and ensureing that ramulus mori considers water content to be worth doing is 6-10%.
3. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step b, described interpolation manganese element, can be to add the manganese sulphate of respective component or manganese chloride or manganese mud.
4. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step b, and described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
5., according to the method for the arbitrary described ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: in step b, described formula can also add golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8-10 part, palm kernel cypress 2-4 part, Soybean Meal 1-3 part; The wherein said golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after Asparagus is gathered, the part root of packaging or the edible connection composts or fertilisers of cultivating of excision in the past; Described Soybean Meal moisture content is 3-5%.
6. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: in step b, the preparation process of medium is: ramulus mori bits, fine rice bran or wheat bran are added water fully wetting, and the addition of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 5-7 hour; Land plaster, superphosphate, manganese, sugar, carbendazim is soluble in water, stir, obtain mixed solution; The golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm kernel cypress, Soybean Meal will be added again in the solution of gained; Then mix with the raw material infiltrated before.
7. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step c, described batching pack: select specification to be the polypropylene of 30 × 45cm and be that the plastic barrel of both sides opening is as the cultivation bag preparing fruiting bacterium bag, first with rope, one side sack of plastic barrel tightened and form a cultivation bag, then the rice bran auxiliary material layer of auxiliary one deck 2-3cm is executed toward cultivation bag bottom even, then ramulus mori bits medium is loaded, until consider media surface to be worth doing with the rice bran auxiliary material layer capping ramulus mori that 2-3cm is thick again by after packed for whole cultivation reality, finally tighten with the sack of rope by cultivation bag another side.
8. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in steps d, and described sterilization process is put in incubator by the cultivation bag installed, then insulation is put into low-pressure boiler heating; Will leave space between cultivation bag during vanning, in order to steam circulation, autoclave sealing wants tight air tight, is incubated 16 hours and stops heating after incubator temperature is elevated to 100 DEG C.
9. the method for ramulus mori cultivating white mushroom according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: in step e, described seeded process is in clean environments good, the free of contamination flat mushroom original seed of strain quality is all accessed at two of cultivation Bag Material, and inoculum concentration is the cultivation Bag Material that each bag of flat mushroom original seed can connect 30-45.
CN201510108346.8A 2015-03-12 2015-03-12 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom on mulberry twigs Pending CN104641942A (en)

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CN106396910A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 广西扬桂生物科技有限公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107434723A (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-12-05 临桂铭泰果蔬农民专业合作社 A kind of planting material for improving rainbow conk yield
CN107434715A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 临桂铭泰果蔬农民专业合作社 A kind of planting material for improving white ginseng bacterium yield
CN107434691A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 桂林市粮铭农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of mushroom cultivation material for making main carbon source with mulberry tree branch
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