CN104641844A - High-yield planting method of millet - Google Patents

High-yield planting method of millet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104641844A
CN104641844A CN201310591944.6A CN201310591944A CN104641844A CN 104641844 A CN104641844 A CN 104641844A CN 201310591944 A CN201310591944 A CN 201310591944A CN 104641844 A CN104641844 A CN 104641844A
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China
Prior art keywords
millet
seedling
ridge
kilograms
time
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CN201310591944.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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罗鹏程
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罗鹏程
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Priority to CN201310591944.6A priority Critical patent/CN104641844A/en
Publication of CN104641844A publication Critical patent/CN104641844A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield planting method of millet. The method is characterized by comprising the steps of (1) selecting a land; (2) cleaning and disinfecting a bedded land; (3) preparing the land and fertilizing; (4) selecting seeds; (5) processing the seeds; (6) planting; (7) topdressing; (8) loosening the soil; (9) thinning; (10) weeding. With the adoption of the planting method, the yield can be more than 1400kg per mu to the maximum, which is more than that yield of other starch-containing grains; in addition, the planted millet is high in quality, and has a gold color, and the cooked rice is soft and palatable, fragrant and tasty; the straws are the best feed of livestock and poultry, and therefore, extra benefits can be increased; the millet has the characteristics of being wide in adaptability, resistant to diseases and insect pests, resistant to lodging, resistant to low temperature, and high in storage stability, and brings a great contribution to humanity in grain production.

Description

A kind of millet high-yield planting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field of planting of seed, be specifically related to a kind of millet high-yield planting method.
Background technology
Millet is annual herb plant.Fibrous root is thick.Stalk is sturdy, uprightly, and high 0.1-1 rice or higher.Property happiness high temperature, fertility thermophilic 22 ~ 30 degree, height above sea level 1000 meters below is all applicable cultivates, and belongs to drought-enduring stable yields crop.Originate in China, have at north of China and plant more widely.
Serious in northern China most area arid in recent years, the dry field farming produce amounts such as corn are very unstable, and benefit starts to decline.For this reason, some areas start progressively to plant millet, and owing to utilizing old kind and all adopting traditional live dense planting method plantation, output is always very low, and rice matter is not good, ineffective.
At present, in dry crop, exceed corn without any a kind of dry land cereal crops in output He in benefit, although upland rice is cultivated successfully, too large by natural environmental condition restriction, general dry land agricultural region all can not be cultivated.Millet is wide adaptability not only, and takes wide rare-planting technique of broadcasting that output can be made to exceed corn, and with the input lower than corn one times, exceeds the income of corn more than 2 times.Therefore completely can establishing in large scale in soil Pin Ji district, thus replacement of corn.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of millet high-yield planting method, it is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) selection of land: select that dried up source is near, soil layer is deep, short texture, many containing humus, well-drained light husky alkaline earth earth;
(2) cleaning on ground, seedbed and sterilization: after preceding crop gather in the crops, remove the thing such as stalk, weeds, then with the things such as wheat root, straw with burning seedbed, eliminate and kill germ and worm's ovum;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: autumn turns over 22-24cm, spring is shallow again turns over thin rake, and the degree of depth of ploughing is 16-18cm, while turning over, applies the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed fertile, turns over rear making ridge of raking the soil level in time, jolt-squeeze in time after ridge forming;
(4) choose seeds: the selected national high-quality millet adopting Ministry of Agriculture's evaluation, the time of infertility 95-100 days;
(5) seed treatment: the salt solution that the seed chosen puts into 6-7% is soaked 4-5h, salt solution and seed rate are 3:1; Indoor drying place, cool place is stored in after leaching is good; Prior to seeding, bask seeds seed-grain 1-2 days in the sun;
(6) plant: executed fertilizer accomplish fluently ridge plot sowing, large ridge is wide to be broadcast, and ridge bottom width is 55-60cm, and ridge top width is 30-35cm, sowing takes shallow trench digging, wide sowing, first dibbling after trench digging, and trench digging width is 15-17cm, trench depth is 3-4cm, then sows earthing, and thickness of earth covering is 2-3cm;
(7) topdress: at Germination period, water by the principle of " watering duty less to water ", bird pest be prevented; After seedling all sprouts, every mu of total fertilization amount is 25kg, and all as base manure, consumption every mu fertilizer 10 kilograms, inorganic fertilizer 10 kilograms, 5 kilograms, urea, be watered about 150 kilograms and water to impose and just carry seedling;
(8) loosen the soil: shovel one time when seedling grows to 2-3 sheet leaf with hoe, remove the early stage weeds of part, and dredge field irrigation canals and ditches, ensure that rainwater is unimpeded, prevention waterlogging is kept a full stand of seedings;
(9) thinning: start artificial hoe when paddy seedling grows to 5-6 sheet leaf and open seedling (thinning), all stay individual plant, spacing in the rows 14-16cm, seedling 11-13 strain is stayed in every square metre of guarantee, is beneficial to ventilation and penetrating light, mends cultivation in time and is short of seedling;
(10) weeding: when millet enters booting stage, with manually dialling ability weeds and a hybrid strain.
The beneficial effect of the invention:
With this kind of implantation methods, output reaches as high as more than 1400 kgs/acre, contains the grain yield of starch higher than other.And the product rice matter obtained is good, golden yellow color, rice is soft agreeable to the taste, and fragrant is dense.Compare with corn, Productive statistics can reduce more than 5 0%, and income is more than 2 times of corn.By the contrast of corn with high yield district, Nan Shu town, Laixi City, Shandong Province, millet net income can at every mu more than 1600 yuan.And millet straw is the optimum feed of livestock and poultry, additional benefit can be increased income.This millet cereal storage stability is good, can store and never degenerate for more than 50 years under conventional environment.This kind has adaptability and disease and insect resistance widely, drought-resistant, resistant to lodging, the features such as anti-low temperature.Grain-production can be described as the mankind's one is contributed greatly, people can be allowed to be able to eat really relieved pollution-free food simultaneously---millet.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Select that dried up source is near, soil layer is deep, short texture, many containing humus, well-drained light husky alkaline earth earth; After preceding crop results, remove the thing such as stalk, weeds, then burn ground, seedbed with things such as wheat root, straws, eliminate and kill germ and worm's ovum; Autumn turns over about 22cm, and spring is shallow again turns over thin rake, and the degree of depth of ploughing is about 18cm, while turning over, applies the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed fertile, turns over rear making ridge of raking the soil level in time, jolt-squeeze in time after ridge forming; The selected national high-quality millet 1.2 kilograms adopting Ministry of Agriculture's evaluation in the 95-100 days time of infertility, the salt solution putting into 6% soaks 5h, and salt solution and seed rate are 3:1; Indoor drying place, cool place is stored in after leaching is good; Prior to seeding, seed-grain is basked seeds in the sun 2 days; Executed fertilizer accomplish fluently ridge plot sowing, large ridge is wide to be broadcast, and ridge bottom width is 55cm, and ridge top width is 30cm, sowing take shallow trench digging, wide sowing, first trench digging after dibbling, trench digging width is 15cm, and trench depth is 3cm, then sows earthing, and thickness of earth covering is 2 cm; At Germination period, water by the principle of " watering duty less to water ", bird pest be prevented; After seedling all sprouts, every mu of total fertilization amount is 25kg, and all as base manure, consumption every mu fertilizer 10 kilograms, inorganic fertilizer 10 kilograms, 5 kilograms, urea, be watered about 150 kilograms and water to impose and just carry seedling; Shovel one time when seedling grows to 2-3 sheet leaf with hoe, remove the early stage weeds of part, and dredge field irrigation canals and ditches, ensure that rainwater is unimpeded, prevention waterlogging is kept a full stand of seedings; Start artificial hoe when paddy seedling grows to 5-6 sheet leaf and open seedling (thinning), all stay individual plant, spacing in the rows 14cm, seedling 11 strain is stayed in every square metre of guarantee, is beneficial to ventilation and penetrating light, mends cultivation in time and is short of seedling; When millet enters booting stage, with manually dialling ability weeds and a hybrid strain.
Embodiment 2
Select that dried up source is near, soil layer is deep, short texture, many containing humus, well-drained light husky alkaline earth earth; After preceding crop results, remove the thing such as stalk, weeds, then burn ground, seedbed with things such as wheat root, straws, eliminate and kill germ and worm's ovum; Autumn turns over about 24cm, and spring is shallow again turns over thin rake, and the degree of depth of ploughing is about 18cm, while turning over, applies the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed fertile, turns over rear making ridge of raking the soil level in time, jolt-squeeze in time after ridge forming; The selected national high-quality millet adopting Ministry of Agriculture's evaluation in the 95-100 days time of infertility, the salt solution putting into 7% soaks 5h, and salt solution and seed rate are 3:1; Indoor drying place, cool place is stored in after leaching is good; Prior to seeding, seed-grain is basked seeds in the sun 2 days; Executed fertilizer accomplish fluently ridge plot sowing, large ridge is wide to be broadcast, and ridge bottom width is 60cm, and ridge top width is 35cm, sowing take shallow trench digging, wide sowing, first trench digging after dibbling, trench digging width is 17cm, and trench depth is 4cm, then sows earthing, and thickness of earth covering is 3cm; At Germination period, water by the principle of " watering duty less to water ", bird pest be prevented; After seedling all sprouts, every mu of total fertilization amount is 25kg, and all as base manure, consumption every mu fertilizer 10 kilograms, inorganic fertilizer 10 kilograms, 5 kilograms, urea, be watered about 150 kilograms and water to impose and just carry seedling; Shovel one time when seedling grows to 2-3 sheet leaf with hoe, remove the early stage weeds of part, and dredge field irrigation canals and ditches, ensure that rainwater is unimpeded, prevention waterlogging is kept a full stand of seedings; Start artificial hoe when paddy seedling grows to 5-6 sheet leaf and open seedling (thinning), all stay individual plant, spacing in the rows 16cm, seedling 13 strain is stayed in every square metre of guarantee, is beneficial to ventilation and penetrating light, mends cultivation in time and is short of seedling; When millet enters booting stage, with manually dialling ability weeds and a hybrid strain.
Under equal ambient condition, adopt culturing method of millet wide-seeding and thin-planting in high-yield plantation millet and corn Efficiency Comparison, see the following form:
The millet corn benefit table of comparisons

Claims (1)

1. a millet high-yield planting method, is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
(1) selection of land: select that dried up source is near, soil layer is deep, short texture, many containing humus, well-drained light husky alkaline earth earth;
(2) cleaning on ground, seedbed and sterilization: after preceding crop gather in the crops, remove the thing such as stalk, weeds, then with the things such as wheat root, straw with burning seedbed, eliminate and kill germ and worm's ovum;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: autumn turns over 22-24cm, spring is shallow again turns over thin rake, and the degree of depth of ploughing is 16-18cm, while turning over, applies the chicken manure become thoroughly decomposed fertile, turns over rear making ridge of raking the soil level in time, jolt-squeeze in time after ridge forming;
(4) choose seeds: the selected national high-quality millet adopting Ministry of Agriculture's evaluation, the time of infertility 95-100 days;
(5) seed treatment: the salt solution that the seed chosen puts into 6-7% is soaked 4-5h, salt solution and seed rate are 3:1; Indoor drying place, cool place is stored in after leaching is good; Prior to seeding, bask seeds seed-grain 1-2 days in the sun;
(6) plant: executed fertilizer accomplish fluently ridge plot sowing, large ridge is wide to be broadcast, and ridge bottom width is 55-60cm, and ridge top width is 30-35cm, sowing takes shallow trench digging, wide sowing, first dibbling after trench digging, and trench digging width is 15-17cm, trench depth is 3-4cm, then sows earthing, and thickness of earth covering is 2-3cm;
(7) topdress: at Germination period, water by the principle of " watering duty less to water ", bird pest be prevented; After seedling all sprouts, every mu of total fertilization amount is 25kg, and all as base manure, consumption every mu fertilizer 10 kilograms, inorganic fertilizer 10 kilograms, 5 kilograms, urea, be watered about 150 kilograms and water to impose and just carry seedling;
(8) loosen the soil: shovel one time when seedling grows to 2-3 sheet leaf with hoe, remove the early stage weeds of part, and dredge field irrigation canals and ditches, ensure that rainwater is unimpeded, prevention waterlogging is kept a full stand of seedings;
(9) thinning: start artificial hoe when paddy seedling grows to 5-6 sheet leaf and open seedling (thinning), all stay individual plant, spacing in the rows 14-16cm, seedling 11-13 strain is stayed in every square metre of guarantee, is beneficial to ventilation and penetrating light, mends cultivation in time and is short of seedling;
(10) weeding: when millet enters booting stage, with manually dialling ability weeds and a hybrid strain.
CN201310591944.6A 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 High-yield planting method of millet Pending CN104641844A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310591944.6A CN104641844A (en) 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 High-yield planting method of millet

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123466A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 巨野县天胜科技兴农种植专业合作社 Selenium-enriched millet planter and method thereof
CN105993503A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 安徽省丰蓼农业开发有限公司 Good-quality millet ecological planting method
CN108271636A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-13 沧州市华海顺达粮油调料有限公司 A kind of coarse cereals implantation methods
CN110463535A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-19 河北巡天草业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of feeding millet

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123466A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 巨野县天胜科技兴农种植专业合作社 Selenium-enriched millet planter and method thereof
CN105123466B (en) * 2015-06-30 2018-05-08 巨野县天胜科技兴农种植专业合作社 The planting unit and method of a kind of selenium-rich millet
CN105993503A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 安徽省丰蓼农业开发有限公司 Good-quality millet ecological planting method
CN108271636A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-13 沧州市华海顺达粮油调料有限公司 A kind of coarse cereals implantation methods
CN110463535A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-19 河北巡天草业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of feeding millet

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Application publication date: 20150527