CN107223445A - A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping - Google Patents

A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107223445A
CN107223445A CN201710594528.XA CN201710594528A CN107223445A CN 107223445 A CN107223445 A CN 107223445A CN 201710594528 A CN201710594528 A CN 201710594528A CN 107223445 A CN107223445 A CN 107223445A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
corn
soybean
selection
soil
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Pending
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CN201710594528.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晓凤
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Renhuai City Farm Vegetable Association
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Renhuai City Farm Vegetable Association
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Priority to CN201710594528.XA priority Critical patent/CN107223445A/en
Publication of CN107223445A publication Critical patent/CN107223445A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, it is concretely comprised the following steps:The selection of kind, potato, corn and soybean select the kind of disease-resistant high yield, so as to reduce the use of agricultural chemicals;Nursery:The vernalization of potato is carried out first, and the nursery of corn is carried out before corn planting;Selection of land site preparation:The selection soil that soil layer is deep, loose, fertilizer and water condition is good, applies base manure and deep ploughs and plough under arable layer;Sowing:The sowing of potato carried out the sowing of corn, and harvested after potato mid-May at the beginning of 1 month by the end of December at the beginning of 4 months next years, the plantation of soybean is carried out immediately;Topdressing during crop growth, pest and disease damage preventing and treating it is essential.The present invention takes full advantage of land resource and luminous energy, and the nitrogen fixation of soybean itself, can be soybean and the substantial amounts of nitrogen of offer that grows of corn, so as to reduce the use of nitrogenous fertilizer;The method that the present invention employs Chinese herbal medicine for the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage, is effectively protected ecological environment.

Description

A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, and in particular to a kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping.
Background technology
Chinese area arranges third place in the world, and cultivated area is the world the 4th, but per capita area of cultivated farmland has but been discharged to More than 100, as large agricultural country, per capita area of cultivated farmland is again very in short supply, so being efficiently to improve to produce instantly using land resource Measure one of most efficient method.Intercropping refers to the kind for planting variety classes crops according to different proportion on same soil Plant mode, it is the space structure principle with group, makes full use of luminous energy, room and time resource to improve crop yield. Intercropping can reasonable disposition crop groups, make crop height stratification, it is alternate to embark on journey, be conducive to improve crop ventilation and penetrating light Condition, improves the efficiency of light energy utilization, gives full play to the production-increasing function of Dominance in border row.Meanwhile, after a set, Field structure is have adjusted, is become Nonoculture top planes are used up alternately to be used for layering, timesharing, improves optical energy utilization efficiency.
The content of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, can efficiently utilize land resource, Improve the utilization rate of luminous energy.
A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
(1)The selection of kind
Potato kind:The strong detoxification potato of the precocious disease-resistant, yielding ability of selection is planted, and is sowed at the beginning of 1 month by the end of December, mid-May next year Harvest;
Corn variety:Good high yield characteristic, normal mature, disease-resistant kind are selected, sows, harvests by the end of September at the beginning of 4 months;
Soybean varieties:Selection is with the high kind of Resistant, yield, and potato is sowed after harvesting, and is harvested by the end of August;
(2)Nursery
Potato vernalization:Before sowing, according to the position of eye by potato stripping and slicing, with 1-3 eye on every piece of potato, size is 30-50g, then uses plant ash dry mixing, is placed at shady and cool dry, with moistening sandy soil layering lid kind vernalization, one layer of sandy soil, one layer of soil Beans, so 3-4 layers of accumulation, the straw of upper cover moistening keep moisture, and temperature is maintained at 12-18 DEG C or so, during which watered once, When potato bud grows 1-2cm, the kind block with bud is placed at outdoor ventilation, after potato bud mutation is green, it is possible to sowing;
Corn nursery:Farm manure, plant ash, sandy soil are pressed into 0.8-1:0.3-0.5:0.8-1 ratio mixing, waters appropriate cleaning up excrement Water is made after matrix, 20-30h, and matrix is fitted into seedlings nursing plate, is struck off with scraper plate, and after pressure cave, a corn is entered per bunch planting Seed, covers matrix, and seed plate enters behind seedbed, watered, and covering with plastic film, when maize seedling starts to grow, is thrown off mulch film, watered, take Small plastic shed, dusk epiphragma takes off film daytime, when maize seedling grows 3-4 piece leaves, starts to transplant, 5-6 days hardenings before transplanting;
(3)Selection of land site preparation:The selection soil that soil layer is deep, loose, fertilizer and water condition is good, mu applies 3000-4000kg well-rotted farmyard manures, Base manure is ploughed under arable layer by deep ploughing;
(4)Sowing
Potato is sowed:Ditched according to row spacing for 40-50cm, ditch depth 7-8cm, bottom of trench applies 45-55kg/ mus of NPK, Bottom of trench both sides are planted in triangle, and spacing in the rows is 15-18cm, and 10-15cm is covered with the soil of ditch both sides, so that will separate per ridge, Then covering with plastic film;
Corn seeding:Cave plantation, spacing in the rows 19-21cm, according to every mu of farm manure 200-300kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- are dug in furrow 55kg, plant ash 200-300kg are applied in cave, per cave two plants of maize seedlings of kind;
Soybean planting:After potato harvest, two bar ditch are opened in the middle of two row corns, are applied according to every mu of composite fertilizer 15-25kg in ditch, Earthing 1-2cm, then by spacing in the rows 20-25cm, every plant of two plantation soybean;
(5)Topdress
Potato:Potato wedge expanding stage applies urea 10-20kg, and is earthed up;
Corn:When corn starts jointing, mu applies urea 10-12kg, and when corn starts heading, every mu is applied ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- 55kg;
Soybean:When soybean starts to bloom, mu urea 0.6-0.7kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.3kg are watered 40-50kg sprays Spill blade face;
(6)The preventing and treating of pest and disease damage
For corn and soybean, main preventing and treating corn borer and bean-pod borer, can by flaccid knotweed herb 1 part be washed and chopped, add 4-6 parts of water and boil 50-60min, filtering adds 0.1-0.12 parts of soap while hot, and stirring is sprayed on blade face after dissolving.
To obtain the fruit of big stem tuber, the step(4)In, when potato is sowed, seed bud is down.
By the technological means, what the present invention was obtained has the beneficial effect that:1. in the present invention before the sowing of potato and corn, The vernalization of potato and the nursery of corn are carried out, it is ensured that the survival rate of plantation;2. the implantation methods of potato are used in the present invention Triangle is planted, and is conducive to potato to make full use of moisture, fertility, illumination;3. the present invention is during the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage, not Using agricultural chemicals, ecological environment is effectively protected, and reduce intake of the human body to agricultural chemicals.
Embodiment
The principle and feature to the present invention are described with reference to embodiments, and illustrated embodiment is served only for explaining invention, It is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
(1)The selection of kind
Potato kind:The strong detoxification potato of the precocious disease-resistant, yielding ability of selection is planted, and is sowed at the beginning of 1 month by the end of December, mid-May next year Harvest;
Corn variety:Good high yield characteristic, normal mature, disease-resistant kind are selected, sows, harvests by the end of September at the beginning of 4 months;
Soybean varieties:Selection is with the high kind of Resistant, yield, and potato is sowed after harvesting, and is harvested by the end of August;
(2)Nursery
Potato vernalization:Before sowing, according to the position of eye by potato stripping and slicing, with 1-3 eye on every piece of potato, size is 30-50g, then uses plant ash dry mixing, is placed at shady and cool dry, with moistening sandy soil layering lid kind vernalization, one layer of sandy soil, one layer of soil Beans, so 3-4 layers of accumulation, the straw of upper cover moistening keep moisture, and temperature is maintained at 12-18 DEG C or so, during which watered once, When potato bud grows 1-2cm, the kind block with bud is placed at outdoor ventilation, after potato bud mutation is green, it is possible to sowing;
Corn nursery:Farm manure, plant ash, sandy soil are pressed into 0.8-1:0.3-0.5:0.8-1 ratio mixing, waters appropriate cleaning up excrement Water is made after matrix, 20-30h, and matrix is fitted into seedlings nursing plate, is struck off with scraper plate, and after pressure cave, a corn is entered per bunch planting Seed, covers matrix, and seed plate enters behind seedbed, watered, and covering with plastic film, when maize seedling starts to grow, is thrown off mulch film, watered, take Small plastic shed, dusk epiphragma takes off film daytime, for convenience of epiphragma, when taking off film, need to only open two, it is ensured that air circulation, and preventing and treating is burnt Seedling, when maize seedling grows 3-4 piece leaves, starts to transplant, 5-6 days hardenings before transplanting, not epiphragma round the clock during hardening;
(3)Selection of land site preparation:The selection soil that soil layer is deep, loose, fertilizer and water condition is good, mu applies 3000-4000kg well-rotted farmyard manures, Base manure is ploughed under arable layer by deep ploughing, and harrows thin;
(4)Sowing
Potato is sowed:Ditched according to row spacing for 40-50cm, ditch depth 7-8cm, bottom of trench applies 45-55kg/ mus of NPK, Bottom of trench both sides are planted in triangle, and spacing in the rows is 15-18cm, and 10-15cm is covered with the soil of ditch both sides, so that will separate per ridge, Then covering with plastic film, intensive can plant a small amount of potato kind block, in case being used when filling the gaps with seedlings in furrow;
Corn seeding:Cave plantation, spacing in the rows 19-21cm, according to every mu of farm manure 200-300kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- are dug in furrow 55kg, plant ash 200-300kg are applied in cave, per cave two plants of maize seedlings of kind, during plantation, it is ensured that the nutritive cube that nursery leaves is complete It is whole;
Soybean planting:After potato harvest, two bar ditch are opened in the middle of two row corns, are applied according to every mu of composite fertilizer 15-25kg in ditch, Earthing 1-2cm, then by spacing in the rows 20-25cm, every plant of two plantation soybean;
(5)Topdress
Potato:Potato wedge expanding stage applies urea 10-20kg, and is earthed up;
Corn:When corn starts jointing, mu applies urea 10-12kg, and when corn starts heading, every mu is applied ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- 55kg;
Soybean:When soybean starts to bloom, mu urea 0.6-0.7kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.3kg are watered 40-50kg sprays Spill blade face;
(6)The preventing and treating of pest and disease damage
For corn and soybean, main preventing and treating corn borer and bean-pod borer, can by flaccid knotweed herb 1 part be washed and chopped, add 4-6 parts of water and boil 50-60min, filtering adds 0.1-0.12 parts of soap while hot, and stirring is sprayed on blade face after dissolving.
To obtain the fruit of big stem tuber, the step(4)In, when potato is sowed, seed bud is down.
Protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the technical scheme disclosed in embodiment, every skill according to the present invention Any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements that art is substantially made to above example etc., each fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, it is characterised in that:The intercropping is concretely comprised the following steps:
(1)The selection of kind
Potato kind:The strong detoxification potato of the precocious disease-resistant, yielding ability of selection is planted, and is sowed at the beginning of 1 month by the end of December, mid-May next year Harvest;
Corn variety:Good high yield characteristic, normal mature, disease-resistant kind are selected, sows, harvests by the end of September at the beginning of 4 months;
Soybean varieties:Selection is with the high kind of Resistant, yield, and potato is sowed after harvesting, and is harvested by the end of August;
(2)Nursery
Potato vernalization:Before sowing, according to the position of eye by potato stripping and slicing, with 1-3 eye on every piece of potato, size is 30-50g, then uses plant ash dry mixing, is placed at shady and cool dry, with moistening sandy soil layering lid kind vernalization, one layer of sandy soil, one layer of soil Beans, so 3-4 layers of accumulation, the straw of upper cover moistening keep moisture, and temperature is maintained at 12-18 DEG C or so, during which watered once, When potato bud grows 1-2cm, the kind block with bud is placed at outdoor ventilation, after potato bud mutation is green, it is possible to sowing;
Corn nursery:Farm manure, plant ash, sandy soil are pressed into 0.8-1:0.3-0.5:0.8-1 ratio mixing, waters appropriate cleaning up excrement Water is made after matrix, 20-30h, and matrix is fitted into seedlings nursing plate, is struck off with scraper plate, and after pressure cave, a corn is entered per bunch planting Seed, covers matrix, and seed plate enters behind seedbed, watered, and covering with plastic film, when maize seedling starts to grow, is thrown off mulch film, watered, take Small plastic shed, dusk epiphragma takes off film daytime, when maize seedling grows 3-4 piece leaves, starts to transplant, 5-6 days hardenings before transplanting;
(3)Selection of land site preparation:The selection soil that soil layer is deep, loose, fertilizer and water condition is good, mu applies 3000-4000kg well-rotted farmyard manures, Base manure is ploughed under arable layer by deep ploughing;
(4)Sowing
Potato is sowed:Ditched according to row spacing for 40-50cm, ditch depth 7-8cm, bottom of trench applies 45-55kg/ mus of NPK, Bottom of trench both sides are planted in triangle, and spacing in the rows is 15-18cm, and 10-15cm is covered with the soil of ditch both sides, so that will separate per ridge, Then covering with plastic film;
Corn seeding:Cave plantation, spacing in the rows 19-21cm, according to every mu of farm manure 200-300kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- are dug in furrow 55kg, plant ash 200-300kg are applied in cave, per cave two plants of maize seedlings of kind;
Soybean planting:After potato harvest, two bar ditch are opened in the middle of two row corns, are applied according to every mu of composite fertilizer 15-25kg in ditch, Earthing 1-2cm, then by spacing in the rows 20-25cm, every plant of two plantation soybean;
(5)Topdress
Potato:Potato wedge expanding stage applies urea 10-20kg, and is earthed up;
Corn:When corn starts jointing, mu applies urea 10-12kg, and when corn starts heading, every mu is applied ammonium hydrogen carbonate 45- 55kg;
Soybean:When soybean starts to bloom, mu urea 0.6-0.7kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.3kg are watered 40-50kg sprays Spill blade face;
(6)The preventing and treating of pest and disease damage
For corn and soybean, main preventing and treating corn borer and bean-pod borer, can by flaccid knotweed herb 1 part be washed and chopped, add 4-6 parts of water and boil 50-60min, filtering adds 0.1-0.12 parts of soap while hot, and stirring is sprayed on blade face after dissolving.
2. potato as claimed in claim 1, the method for corn and soybean intercropping, it is characterised in that:The step(4)In, When potato is sowed, seed bud is down.
CN201710594528.XA 2017-07-20 2017-07-20 A kind of potato, the method for corn and soybean intercropping Pending CN107223445A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107624560A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-01-26 桐梓县小水芦柑专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for improving organic waxy corn yield
CN107624564A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-26 李佰峰 1 year potato, spring maize, fresh kidney beans, green moss four midwifery state efficiency cultivation technology for high
CN108812105A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 亳州市农业科学研究院(涡阳县农业科学研究所) A kind of corn with high yield interplanting cultural method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101755547A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-30 杨秀岚 Stereoscopic cultivating technology for potato, corn and soybean

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CN101755547A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-30 杨秀岚 Stereoscopic cultivating technology for potato, corn and soybean

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107624560A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-01-26 桐梓县小水芦柑专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for improving organic waxy corn yield
CN107624564A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-26 李佰峰 1 year potato, spring maize, fresh kidney beans, green moss four midwifery state efficiency cultivation technology for high
CN108812105A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 亳州市农业科学研究院(涡阳县农业科学研究所) A kind of corn with high yield interplanting cultural method

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