CN104541853A - Method for interplanting cassava and leafy vegetable type sweet potato - Google Patents

Method for interplanting cassava and leafy vegetable type sweet potato Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541853A
CN104541853A CN201410760374.3A CN201410760374A CN104541853A CN 104541853 A CN104541853 A CN 104541853A CN 201410760374 A CN201410760374 A CN 201410760374A CN 104541853 A CN104541853 A CN 104541853A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cassava
sweet potato
interplanting
vine
gather
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Pending
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CN201410760374.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蓝海军
毕双同
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JIANGXI GANLIANG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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JIANGXI GANLIANG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410760374.3A priority Critical patent/CN104541853A/en
Publication of CN104541853A publication Critical patent/CN104541853A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for interplanting cassava and leafy vegetable type sweet potato and belongs to the technical field of crop growing. According to the method, the leafy vegetable type sweet potato is interplanted in a cassava planting land and is managed according to a corresponding field cultivation technique. According to the method, the space, light, temperature, water and fertile resources of the cassava planting land are fully utilized, high-quality pollution-free vegetables (sweet potato stems and leaves) are produced, and the income of fruit farmers can be increased; meanwhile, the interplanting of the leafy vegetable type sweet potato can reduce weeds and pest and disease damage, the pesticide application is reduced, the ecological environment of the cassava planting land is improved, the management cost is lowered, and the economical and ecological benefits are excellent.

Description

A kind of method of cassava interplanting vine-vegetable sweetpotato
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cassava interplanting mode, be specifically related to the method for a kind of cassava interplanting vine-vegetable sweetpotato, belong to technical field of crop cultivation.
Background technology
Vine-vegetable sweetpotato refers to that the tender leaf, stem or the petiole that utilize sweet potato overground part certain length eats as vegetables, and General Requirements food flavor is fresh and sweet, cauline leaf soft without bitter taste, mouthfeel be without fine hair, the feature such as plant internode is short, branch amount is many.Research shows, sweet potato leaves and stems is rich in crude protein, vitamin C, dietary fiber, multiple mineral element and some special nutriments, nutrient component ranks first in numerous vegetables, there is Tumor suppression growth, delay to shine old, reducing blood lipid and the health-care effect such as cholesterol, develop immunitypty, high dietary vegetable kind is classified as by vegetables centre of research and development, Asia, be called as " long-life vegetable " in Japan, the ground such as Hong Kong, France is claimed " vegetables queen ".Southern china just has the custom of being consumed by sweet potato leaves and stems crops vegetables always, and particularly rather well received as one characteristic dish in hotel, sweet potato leaves and stems price is also high than general vegetables.
Cassava is shrub shape perennial crop, and stem is upright, wooden, high 2-5m.Independent plantation cassava, cassava can germinate unearthed in 7 ~ 10 days after planting.It is Seedling Stage that cassava is planted in latter 60 days.The feature of emerging is root of hair after first rudiment, and root is extracted out from kind of stem otch or axil both sides, often has 20 ~ 60, and the growth of its young root is the most Sheng phase in full growing process.Nutriment required for radical bud early growth period, main to reserve nutrient supply by kind of a stem, plants that stem is fresh and the root of hair of stalwartness is many, grows soon.Seedling stage, plant strain growth was slow.After planting 60 ~ 100 days is block root Formation period, and wherein 70 ~ 90 days is the knot potato Sheng phase, and plant latter about 90 days, quantity and the length of block root are basicly stable.After cassava plantation, there is a large amount of idle soil between cassava strain and sunlight can utilize.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the availability in order to improve cassava planting site resource, providing a kind of cassava to interplant the method for vine-vegetable sweetpotato.This technical method is interplanted in cassava planting site by vine-vegetable sweetpotato, requires cassava more than line-spacing 2m, and selected vine-vegetable sweetpotato kind is good quality and high output kind; Adopt flat furrow to plant during interplanting vine-vegetable sweetpotato, seeding row spacing is 15 cm × 20 cm; Every 667 m during whole furrow 2execute 2500 ~ 3000 kg high-quality farmyard manures and make base manure, live or pluck after impose instant nitrogenousfertilizer, every 667 m 2execute 3 ~ 5 kg urea, spray 0.4% biphosphate potassium foliage fertilizer to ensure potato leaf quality after autumn; Mid or late April transplants, and 30 ~ 40 d after planting, pluck when potato seedling or long branch 20 about cm, and pluck the young young stem and leaf that position is long 10 ~ 12 cm in the climing tip of stem, during harvesting, each branch retains 1 ~ 2 joint leaf; Pluck prune in time after cauline leaf long climing, within retaining distance base portion 10cm and the branch of length within 20cm.
The principle of foundation of the present invention is: (1) Sweet Potato crawls to overgrow or half upright, and root system is generally distributed in 30 cm soil layers, interplants in cassava planting site, and cassava can mutually be supplemented and promote in space, photo-thermal, the liquid manure utilization of resources; (2) vine-vegetable sweetpotato is compared with other vegetables, and damage by disease and insect occurs few, generally without the need to spraying pesticide, can reduce management cost; (3) vine-vegetable sweetpotato growth potential is prosperous, and April can be paved with rapidly furrow face after plantation, and can gather to November, and growing period can suppress weed growth; (4) vine-vegetable sweetpotato is as a kind of novel vegetable, and economic worth is high.
Another object of the present invention is when planting cassava, heavy ion rare earth slag is added in soil, the rare earth element energy Promoting plant growth contained in slag, also can solve slag in Rare Earth Mine exploitation simultaneously and overstock stacking pollution problem, particularly the rare earth mining of Ganzhou City creates a large amount of ion rare earth slags, should make full use of, the weather in Ganzhou is also comparatively applicable to plantation cassava and sweet potato simultaneously.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: make full use of cassava planting site space, light, temperature, water, fertile resource, raise the multiple-cropping index, output high-quality pollution-free vegetable (sweet potato leaves and stems), increase the economic well-being of workers and staff of unit cultivated area; Cassava planting site weeds, the harm of sick worm and Pesticide use amount reduce, and reduce management cost, and have the water and soil loss of minimizing cassava planting site, promote the effect of cassava growth, have good economy, ecological benefits.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
(1) selection of vine-vegetable sweetpotato kind
Selected kind is good fortune dish potato 18, and uprightly, leaf its central band profile of tooth, top, Cheng Ye, vein, petiole and stem are green to this kind plant type short climing half.Stem apex is without fine hair, and after scalding, color is green, micro-sweet, savory, without bitter taste, has soapy feeling.Cauline leaf regeneration capacity is strong, and stem apex output is high.
(2) nursery
Adopt land for growing field crops epiphragma nursery, select the plot that physical features is high and dry, soil layer is deep, fertility is higher, irrigation and drainage are good, by 1.0 m wide point of railway carriage or compartment, with the spaced seeding ditch of 0.6 m on face, railway carriage or compartment, every 667 m 2ditch spread 40 kg ~ 50 kg composite fertilizer makes base fertilizer.With 25% carbendazol wettable powder, 800 times of liquid or 50% thiophanate methyl, 1000 times of immersion bubble potato seed 10 min before seeding, drain rear seeding.March, early and middle ten days started seeding, tiltedly arranged method, and 10 potato seeds arranged by every bar seeding ditch, cover Nutrition Soil, water permeable bonnet film.Take off film (daytime opens, can by membrane cover if night temperatures is low) after emerging in time, add intense light irradiation, duty waters little water, keeps ventilating.Can collect seedling during height of seedling 25 cm transplanting, after collecting seedling, the urea solution that waters 0.5% to seedbed urges seedling next day.
(3) field block is ploughed deeply 25 cm ~ 30 cm, dry field April, second ploughing leveling in spring rake is broken.Base fertilizer is used sufficient, every 667 m in conjunction with whole 2execute farmyard manure 2500 ~ 3000 kg become thoroughly decomposed, plough deeply, and spill heavy ion rare earth slag at Tu Pu, Soil and Fertilizer is fully mixed.Flat furrow are made, wide 90 cm of furrow, furrow width 20 cm after leveling earth.
(4) cassava is planted, line-spacing 2 m.
(5) vine-vegetable sweetpotato cultivation
Mid or late April adopts sweet potato transplantation of seedlings.When collecting seedling, clip will from bed soil 2 ~ 4 cm, cut seedling should select to have 5 ~ 6 joints, stem climing sturdy, color and luster is dark green, blade is plump, strong sprout not with damage by disease and insect.Adopt straight cutting method when planting, large seedling is separately planted, and potato seedling buries 2 ~ 3 joints, and seeding row spacing is 15 cm × 20 cm, waters permeable after cultivation.
(6) field management
(a) rich water quality management
Water management takes little water duty to water, and soil moisture keeps 80% ~ 90%.The method of " heavy dressing base manure, thin executing executes quick-acting fertilizer more " is taked in fertilising, uses sufficient base manure, every 667 m during whole furrow 2execute 2500 ~ 3000 kg fertilizer or farmyard manures, live or pluck after impose instant nitrogenousfertilizer, every 667 m 2execute 3 ~ 5 kg urea, want foliage-spray 1 or 2 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphates after autumn.
B () disease pest and weed is prevented and treated
Laxative is not generally needed to cure the disease without sweet potato disease.Insect pest is selected efficiently, low toxicity, low-residual biological insecticides are killed, as bacillus thuringiensis,Bt wetting powder, Avermectin, d ichlorbenzuron etc.After planting, 15 d carry out first time intertillage, and the degree of depth is 8 ~ 10 cm, and irregularly intertillage is loosened the soil as required later, in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, does not use chemical herbicide as far as possible.
(7) gather
Vine-vegetable sweetpotato plants rear 30 or 40 d, and the young young stem and leaf that potato seedling or long branch 20 about cm pluck long 10 ~ 12 cm in the climing tip of stem eats as vegetables, and during harvesting, each branch stays 1 or 2 to save leaf, to ensure to regenerate sprouting shoot.After this, cauline leaf reaches suitable length and can gather, and general 7 ~ 10 d can gather in the crops one batch.The vegetative period of cassava and sweet potato is close, and after cassava and sweet potato root tuber maturation, sweet potato seedling of gathering, cuts down cassava trunk, gather with digging cassava and sweet potato.

Claims (1)

1. a method for cassava interplanting vine-vegetable sweetpotato, is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) field block is ploughed deeply 25 cm ~ 30 cm, dry field April, second ploughing leveling in spring rake is broken; Base fertilizer is used sufficient, every 667 m in conjunction with whole 2execute farmyard manure 2500 ~ 3000 kg become thoroughly decomposed, plough deeply, and spill heavy ion rare earth slag at Tu Pu, Soil and Fertilizer is fully mixed; Flat furrow are made, wide 90 cm of furrow, furrow width 20 cm after leveling earth;
(2) cassava is planted, line-spacing 2 m;
(3) vine-vegetable sweetpotato cultivation, adopts straight cutting method when planting, and large seedling is separately planted, and potato seedling buries 2 ~ 3 joints, and seeding row spacing is 15 cm × 20 cm, waters permeable after cultivation;
(4) field management
(a) rich water quality management
Water management takes little water duty to water, and soil moisture keeps 80% ~ 90%; The method of " heavy dressing base manure, thin executing executes quick-acting fertilizer more " is taked in fertilising, uses sufficient base manure, every 667 m during whole furrow 2execute 2500 ~ 3000 kg fertilizer or farmyard manures, live or pluck after impose instant nitrogenousfertilizer, every 667 m 2execute 3 ~ 5 kg urea, want foliage-spray 1 or 2 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphates after autumn;
B () disease pest and weed is prevented and treated
Insect pest is selected efficiently, low toxicity, low-residual biological insecticides are killed; After planting, 15 d carry out first time intertillage, and the degree of depth is 8 ~ 10 cm, and irregularly intertillage is loosened the soil as required later, in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, does not use chemical herbicide as far as possible;
(5) gather
Vine-vegetable sweetpotato plants rear 30 or 40 d, and the young young stem and leaf that potato seedling or long branch 20 about cm pluck long 10 ~ 12 cm in the climing tip of stem eats as vegetables, and during harvesting, each branch stays 1 or 2 to save leaf, to ensure to regenerate sprouting shoot; After this, cauline leaf reaches suitable length and can gather, and general 7 ~ 10 d can gather in the crops one batch; The vegetative period of cassava and sweet potato is close, and after cassava and sweet potato root tuber maturation, sweet potato seedling of gathering, cuts down cassava trunk, gather with digging cassava and sweet potato.
CN201410760374.3A 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 Method for interplanting cassava and leafy vegetable type sweet potato Pending CN104541853A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103833A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-02 广西康丰科技开发有限公司 Cassava single-bud planting method
CN105393902A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-16 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Jade sweet potato leaf soilless culturing method
CN105940899A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Compound interplanting method for cassava, white gourd and sweet potato
CN106717693A (en) * 2015-11-20 2017-05-31 包宗辉 A kind of chromium-rich sweet potato interplants the cultural method of motherwort
CN107409706A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-12-01 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of method for improving cassava seedling transplanting survival rate
CN111657074A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-09-15 海南省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Planting method for interplanting leaf vegetables and towel gourds

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103833A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-02 广西康丰科技开发有限公司 Cassava single-bud planting method
CN106717693A (en) * 2015-11-20 2017-05-31 包宗辉 A kind of chromium-rich sweet potato interplants the cultural method of motherwort
CN105393902A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-16 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Jade sweet potato leaf soilless culturing method
CN105940899A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Compound interplanting method for cassava, white gourd and sweet potato
CN105940899B (en) * 2016-04-29 2018-11-09 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 A kind of compound intercropping method of cassava and wax gourd and sweet potato
CN107409706A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-12-01 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of method for improving cassava seedling transplanting survival rate
CN111657074A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-09-15 海南省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Planting method for interplanting leaf vegetables and towel gourds

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Application publication date: 20150429