CN104509723A - Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof - Google Patents

Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104509723A
CN104509723A CN201410763446.XA CN201410763446A CN104509723A CN 104509723 A CN104509723 A CN 104509723A CN 201410763446 A CN201410763446 A CN 201410763446A CN 104509723 A CN104509723 A CN 104509723A
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parts
vitamin
feed
epinephelus akaara
akaara
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韩涛
王骥腾
程成荣
杨云霞
李新宇
姜宇栋
胡水鑫
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Abstract

Belonging to the field of aquaculture technologies, the invention relates to fish feed, in particular to an Epinephelus akaara feed and a formula thereof. The feed formula involves the following components by weight: 28.11-32.11 parts of white fish meal, 28.11-32.11 parts of casein, 2.79-4.79 parts of fish oil, 1.77-3.77 parts of soybean oil, 10.73-14.73 parts of corn starch, 2.00-3.00 parts of a vitamin mixture, 1.00-2.00 parts of a mineral mixture, 0.25-0.75 part of vitamin C phosphate, 0.15-0.45 part of choline chloride, and 13.69-17.69 parts of cellulose. The Epinephelus akaara feed and the formula provided by the invention have the advantages that: 1. the prices of the raw materials are low, the nutrition ratio is balanced, meets the growth and development needs of Epinephelus akaara and is conducive to overall growth of Epinephelus akaara; 2. different vitamin combinations have certain influence on the growth performance of Epinephelus akaara, the proportion of the vitamin mixture involved in the formula can better improve the survival rate, weight gain rate, growth rate and protein utilization rate of Epinephelus akaara; and 3. minerals can promote the growth of Epinephelus akaara.

Description

Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, relate to fish feed, especially relate to a kind of epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof.
Background technology
The general designation that epinephelus akaara is Perciformes, fin section, epinephelus akaara belong to fish, all having distribution in subtropical zone, the whole world and tropical seas, is important marine fish, one of most important seawater cage culture high-level fish of Ye Shi China.Wherein epinephelus akaara cultivation mainly concentrates on Asia, and the cultivation of external epinephelus akaara is begun the sixties in 20th century, domestic, starts from 20 century 70s, and mainly concentrates on the provinces such as coastal Fujian, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Hainan, Guangxi, Taiwan.Breeding way has cage culture, pond culture and sea area enhancement releasing etc.In recent years, along with the popularization of the multiple aquaculture model of epinephelus akaara and the breakthrough of artificial propagation and seedling-raising technique, the rise of its aquaculture industry had greatly been promoted.Epinephelus akaara is partially carnivorous euryphagy fish, and the epinephelus akaara under nature mainly preys on the biological feeds such as Polychaeta (as clam worm), shellfish and small fish.At present, domestic cultivation epinephelus akaara is mainly by fresh small fish, shell-fish, mollusk, the clam worm etc. fed, sometimes arrange in pairs or groups a small amount of mixed feed, but the biological feeds such as small fish are fed also there is many unfavorable factors in epinephelus akaara: one is the increase in feeding cost; Two is to destroy natural resources, finally causes under-supply, disturbed ecological balance; Three is nutritional imbalances, and feed efficiency is low, easily causes water pollution, and easily brings pathogen, cause disease popularity.Flourish along with epinephelus akaara aquaculture industry, in the urgent need to providing the high-quality that can meet its needs that grow mixed feed, but due to people still comprehensive to the research of its nutritional need, be difficult to meet development and production and go out high-quality mixed feed.
In order to improve prior art, people have carried out long-term exploration, propose various solution.Such as, Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of grouper perfect compound feed [application number: CN201210502650.7], comprises the component of following weight: fish meal 34-44; Fermented bean dregs 7-14, α starch 2-4, flour 13-17, squid powder 2-4, krill meal 4-6, yeast extract 2-4, fairy shrimp 2-4, fish oil 3-4, soybean lecithin 2-3, DHA0.4-0.6, EPA0.2-0.4, composite mineral salt 1-2, complex enzyme formulation 0.2-0.4, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.2---0.4; ; Composite immune reinforcing agent 0.2-0.4; Hepatinica 0.2-0.4.
Although such scheme to some extent solves the deficiencies in the prior art, formula is comparatively complicated, and cost is higher, is unfavorable for Industry Promotion.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the problems referred to above, provide that a kind of prices of raw and semifnished materials are cheap, nutrition-allocated proportion is balanced, be particularly suitable for the epinephelus akaara formula that epinephelus akaara grows required.
Another object of the present invention is for the problems referred to above, provides that a kind of compatibility is reasonable, balanced in nutrition, cost is low and can meet epinephelus akaara to grow the epinephelus akaara feed of needs.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical proposal: this epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 28.11-32.11 part, casein 28.11-32.11 part, fish oil 2.79-4.79 part, soya-bean oil 1.77-3.77 part, cornstarch 10.73-14.73 part, vitamin mixtures 2.00-3.00 part, mineral mixture 1.00-2.00 part, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.25-0.75 part, Choline Chloride 0.15-0.45 part and cellulose 13.69-17.69 part.
Fish meal is raw material with one or more fish, the high-protein feed after processing of deoiling, dewater, pulverize, and wherein white fish meal refers to be processed into containing the low fish meal of fat with the full fish of the plain boiled pork fingerlings such as cod, butterfly fish or leftover bits and pieces.Casein is that mammal comprises cow, and the main protein in sheep and people's milk, casein is the protein that Ruzhong content is the highest, mainly as raw-food material.Fish oil is the general designation of the whole oily substances in fish body, it comprises body oil, liver oil and cerebrol, main fish oil is a kind of grease extracted from greasiness fish, being rich in ω-3 is polyunsaturated fatty acid (DHA and EPA), wherein preferably be rich in the greasiness fish of omega-fatty acid, comprise mackerel, tuna, salmon, sturgeon, long tail anchovy, sardine, catfish, trout.Choline is a kind of quaternary amine alkali, has strong basicity, and Choline Chloride is the hydrochloride of choline, the aqueous solution is faintly acid, and the function of choline in livestock and poultry metabolism and growth is mainly manifested in: the first, is converted into betaine, there is provided methyl to be combined with homocysteine and form methionine, reduce feed cost; The second, promote fat transport with lecithin form or by improving liver, fatty abnormal accumulation prevented to the utilization of aliphatic acid, preventing fatty liver; 3rd, Choline Chloride to promoting the growing of livestock and poultry, improve meat egg quality, disease resistance has remarkable result.Vitamin C phosphoric ester is formed through efficient catalytic Phosphation by vitamin C, HTHP is stablized, be suitable for the aquatic products of this subtropical zone of epinephelus akaara and tropical seas cultivation, in addition, vitamin C phosphoric ester is free in animal body completely also can be effectively absorbed utilization, be beneficial to and improve survival rate, rate of body weight gain, increase feed efficiency, thus increase economic efficiency.The prices of raw and semifnished materials of this formula are cheap, and nutrition-allocated proportion is balanced, meet needed for epinephelus akaara grows.
Select excellent as one, in above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described white fish meal is 30.11 parts, casein is 30.11 parts, fish oil is 3.79 parts, soya-bean oil is 2.77 parts, cornstarch is 12.73 parts, vitamin mixtures is 2.50 parts, mineral mixture is 1.50 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester is 0.50 part, Choline Chloride be 0.30 part and cellulose is 15.69 parts.
In above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described vitamin mixtures comprises the component of following portions by weight: thiamine 1-10 part, riboflavin 1-10 part, pyridoxal 1-8 part, niacin 10-30 part, calcium pantothenate 5-15 part, biotin 0.1-1 part, folic acid 1-2 part, inositol 180-220 part, vitamin E are 30-50 part, vitamin A is 1-10 part, vitamin B12 is 0.01-0.03 part, vitamin K is 1-8 part, vitamin D is 1-9 part, and filler is 650-750 part.
Vitamin is grown the normal growth maintaining epinephelus akaara, breeding and health have very important effect, and epinephelus akaara is on the impact of the nutritional requirement of vitamin by the factor such as formulation of its growth and development stage, physiological situation, feed composition and quality, environmental condition, interaction between nutrient, object that vitamin adds and vitamin.Different vitamin combinations has a certain impact to the growth performance tool of epinephelus akaara, and the proportioning of the vitamin mixtures in this formula more preferably can improve the survival rate of epinephelus akaara, rate of body weight gain, growth rate and protein utilization.
Preferred as one, in above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described thiamine is 5 parts, riboflavin is 5 parts, pyridoxal is 4 parts, niacin is 20 parts, calcium pantothenate is 10 parts, biotin is 0.6 part, folic acid is 1.5 parts, inositol is 200 parts, vitamin E is 40 parts, vitamin A is 5 parts, vitamin B12 is 0.01 part, vitamin K is 4 parts, vitamin D is 4.8 parts, filler is 700.09 parts.Said ratio is as the optimum ratio of vitamin mixtures.
In above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described filler comprises the combination of any one or both in cellulose and starch.
In above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described mineral mixture comprises the component of following portions by weight: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 112-132 part, calcium lactate 454-494 part, sodium dihydrogen phosphate 40-44 part, potassium sulfate 153-173 part, ferrous sulfate 8-12 part, ironic citrate 34-42 part, the beautiful 40-48 part of sulfuric acid, zinc sulfate 4-5 part, manganese sulfate 0.1-0.5 part, copper sulphate 0.1-0.5 part, cobalt chloride 0.1-1 part, Potassiumiodate 0.01-0.03 part, sodium chloride 30-34 part and potassium chloride 60-70 part.
Preferred as one, in above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula, described calcium dihydrogen phosphate is 122.87 parts, calcium lactate is 474.22 parts, sodium dihydrogen phosphate is 42.03 parts, potassium sulfate is 163.83 parts, ferrous sulfate is 10.78 parts, ironic citrate is 38.26 parts, sulfuric acid U.S.A is 44.19 parts, zinc sulfate is 4.74 parts, manganese sulfate is 0.33 part, copper sulphate is 0.22 part, cobalt chloride is 0.43 part, Potassiumiodate is 0.02 part, sodium chloride is 32.33 parts, potassium chloride is 65.75 parts.
The epinephelus akaara feed obtained according to above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula.
In above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed, its protein content is 48-52wt%, and fat content is 6-9wt%, and sugared content is 10-12wt%.
In above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed, its protein content is 50wt%, and fat content is 9wt%, and sugared content is 12wt%.Study for a long period of time through inventor and show, when feed is said ratio, the entirety growth of epinephelus akaara is best.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of this epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof is: the prices of raw and semifnished materials are cheap, and nutrition-allocated proportion is balanced, meets needed for epinephelus akaara grows, is beneficial to the entirety growth of epinephelus akaara.Vitamin is grown the normal growth maintaining epinephelus akaara, breeding and health have very important effect, and epinephelus akaara is on the impact of the nutritional requirement of vitamin by the factor such as formulation of its growth and development stage, physiological situation, feed composition and quality, environmental condition, interaction between nutrient, object that vitamin adds and vitamin.Different vitamin combinations has a certain impact to the growth performance tool of epinephelus akaara, and the proportioning of the vitamin mixtures in this formula more preferably can improve the survival rate of epinephelus akaara, rate of body weight gain, growth rate and protein utilization.Mineral matter can promote the growth of epinephelus akaara.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one:
This epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 28.11-32.11 part, casein 28.11-32.11 part, fish oil 2.79-4.79 part, soya-bean oil 1.77-3.77 part, cornstarch 10.73-14.73 part, vitamin mixtures 2.00-3.00 part, mineral mixture 1.00-2.00 part, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.25-0.75 part, Choline Chloride 0.15-0.45 part and cellulose 13.69-17.69 part.Vitamin mixtures in this epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: thiamine 1-10 part, riboflavin 1-10 part, pyridoxal 1-8 part, niacin 10-30 part, calcium pantothenate 5-15 part, biotin 0.1-1 part, folic acid 1-2 part, inositol 180-220 part, vitamin E are 30-50 part, vitamin A is 1-10 part, vitamin B12 is 0.01-0.03 part, vitamin K is 1-8 part, vitamin D is 1-9 part, and filler is 650-750 part.Here filler comprises the combination of any one or both in cellulose and starch.Mineral mixture in this epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 112-132 part, calcium lactate 454-494 part, sodium dihydrogen phosphate 40-44 part, potassium sulfate 153-173 part, ferrous sulfate 8-12 part, ironic citrate 34-42 part, the beautiful 40-48 part of sulfuric acid, zinc sulfate 4-5 part, manganese sulfate 0.1-0.5 part, copper sulphate 0.1-0.5 part, cobalt chloride 0.1-1 part, Potassiumiodate 0.01-0.03 part, sodium chloride 30-34 part and potassium chloride 60-70 part.
In the epinephelus akaara feed adopting above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula to be prepared from, protein content is 48-52wt%, and fat content is 6-9wt%, and sugared content is 10-12wt%.More particularly, when preparing feed, each component of above-mentioned epinephelus akaara feed formula is mixed with suitable quantity of water, and through granulator granulation, form the soft moist forage particle being applicable to epinephelus akaara and eating.
Fish meal is raw material with one or more fish, the high-protein feed after processing of deoiling, dewater, pulverize, and wherein white fish meal refers to be processed into containing the low fish meal of fat with the full fish of the plain boiled pork fingerlings such as cod, butterfly fish or leftover bits and pieces.Casein is that mammal comprises cow, and the main protein in sheep and people's milk, casein is the protein that Ruzhong content is the highest, mainly as raw-food material.Fish oil is the general designation of the whole oily substances in fish body, it comprises body oil, liver oil and cerebrol, main fish oil is a kind of grease extracted from greasiness fish, being rich in ω-3 is polyunsaturated fatty acid (DHA and EPA), wherein preferably be rich in the greasiness fish of omega-fatty acid, comprise mackerel, tuna, salmon, sturgeon, long tail anchovy, sardine, catfish, trout.Choline is a kind of quaternary amine alkali, has strong basicity, and Choline Chloride is the hydrochloride of choline, the aqueous solution is faintly acid, and the function of choline in livestock and poultry metabolism and growth is mainly manifested in: the first, is converted into betaine, there is provided methyl to be combined with homocysteine and form methionine, reduce feed cost; The second, promote fat transport with lecithin form or by improving liver, fatty abnormal accumulation prevented to the utilization of aliphatic acid, preventing fatty liver; 3rd, Choline Chloride to promoting the growing of livestock and poultry, improve meat egg quality, disease resistance has remarkable result.Vitamin C phosphoric ester is formed through efficient catalytic Phosphation by vitamin C, it is the desirable vitamin c class additive of feedstuff industry, be specially adapted to culture fishery and animal husbandry, HTHP is stablized, be suitable for the aquatic products of this subtropical zone of epinephelus akaara and tropical seas cultivation, in addition, vitamin C phosphoric ester is free in animal body completely also can be effectively absorbed utilization, be beneficial to and improve survival rate, rate of body weight gain, increase feed efficiency, thus increase economic efficiency.The prices of raw and semifnished materials of this formula are cheap, and nutrition-allocated proportion is balanced, meet needed for epinephelus akaara grows.Vitamin is grown the normal growth maintaining epinephelus akaara, breeding and health have very important effect, and epinephelus akaara is on the impact of the nutritional requirement of vitamin by the factor such as formulation of its growth and development stage, physiological situation, feed composition and quality, environmental condition, interaction between nutrient, object that vitamin adds and vitamin.Different vitamin combinations has a certain impact to the growth performance tool of epinephelus akaara, and the proportioning of the vitamin mixtures in this formula more preferably can improve the survival rate of epinephelus akaara, rate of body weight gain, growth rate and protein utilization.Mineral matter can promote the growth of epinephelus akaara.
Control experiment 1:
The feed adopting the epinephelus akaara feed formula of the present embodiment obtained is as feed of throwing something and feeding; Another employing small fish feed in contrast.Experimentation is as follows:
After epinephelus akaara supports 15d temporarily, the nursery that is healthy and strong, honey stomach of random selecting physique uses fish as test.Test fish average weight is (24.68 ± 1.20) g, and average body is long is (11.85 ± 0.82) cm.Feeding experiment this institute go into the street banyan abutment ground ecological culture pond in carry out, linked network case in culturing pool, often organize feed establish 3 repetition, respectively select the some band epinephelus akaara that 50 tail specifications are close, divide support in the small-sized net cage of 27 150cm × 100cm × 100cm.Breeding water is the seawater of artificial preparation, average temperature 28.3 DEG C, 24h continuous charge oxygenation, and dissolved oxygen remains on more than 6mg/L, pH 7.7-8.0, and feed is satiated with food throw something and feed 2 times (7:30,16:30), at every turn lasting half an hour every day.Every two weeks adds a small amount of artificial seawater.Find that dead fish is pulled out in time and weighs.After cultivation 59d, measure the body weight of the some band epinephelus akaara of DIFFERENT FEED group of ingesting respectively.Experimental result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1 epinephelus akaara growing state
Group Initial weight (g) Eventually heavy (g) Rate of body weight gain % Feed coefficient
Test group 24.60±0.67 59.29±1.08 141.30±3.06 2.09±0.21
Control group 24.59±1.05 53.11±2.25 116.45±1.92 2.65±0.23
Wherein, feed coefficient refer to cultivation object increase a Unit Weight consume the weight of feed.Feed coefficient is lower, illustrates that this feed conversion rate improves, and this feed result of use is better.In this experiment, the feed coefficient of test group is lower than control group, and rate of body weight gain, higher than control group, shows that this epinephelus akaara feed can promote that epinephelus akaara grows.
Embodiment two
This epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal is 30.11 parts, casein is 30.11 parts, fish oil is 3.79 parts, soya-bean oil is 2.77 parts, cornstarch is 12.73 parts, vitamin mixtures is 2.50 parts, mineral mixture is 1.50 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester is 0.50 part, Choline Chloride be 0.30 part and cellulose is 15.69 parts.Vitamin mixtures comprises the component of following portions by weight: thiamine is 5 parts, riboflavin is 5 parts, pyridoxal is 4 parts, niacin is 20 parts, calcium pantothenate is 10 parts, biotin is 0.6 part, folic acid is 1.5 parts, inositol is 200 parts, vitamin E is 40 parts, vitamin A is 5 parts, vitamin B12 is 0.01 part, vitamin K is 4 parts, vitamin D is 4.8 parts, filler is 700.09 parts.Mineral mixture comprises the component of following portions by weight: calcium dihydrogen phosphate is 122.87 parts, calcium lactate is 474.22 parts, sodium dihydrogen phosphate is 42.03 parts, potassium sulfate is 163.83 parts, ferrous sulfate is 10.78 parts, ironic citrate is 38.26 parts, sulfuric acid U.S.A is 44.19 parts, zinc sulfate is 4.74 parts, manganese sulfate is 0.33 part, copper sulphate is 0.22 part, cobalt chloride is 0.43 part, Potassiumiodate is 0.02 part, sodium chloride is 32.33 parts, potassium chloride is 65.75 parts.In the present embodiment, protein content is 50wt%, and fat content is 9wt%, and sugared content is 12wt%.
Control experiment 2:
Experimentation is with embodiment one, and the feed that its difference is to adopt the epinephelus akaara feed formula of the present embodiment obtained is as feed of throwing something and feeding; Another employing small fish feed in contrast.Experimental result is as shown in table 2.
Table 2 epinephelus akaara growing state
Group Initial weight (g) Eventually heavy (g) Rate of body weight gain % Feed coefficient
Test group 24.02±0.95 58.28±1.62 143.18±2.21 1.66±0.26
Control group 24.06±0.82 56.06±1.65 133.06±2.75 2.52±0.18
In this experiment, the feed coefficient of test group is lower than control group, and rate of body weight gain, higher than control group, shows that this epinephelus akaara feed can promote that epinephelus akaara grows.
Embodiment three
This epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 31.15 parts, casein 31.75 parts, 4.79 parts, fish oil, 3.77 parts, soya-bean oil, cornstarch 10.73 parts, vitamin mixtures 2.00 parts, mineral mixture 1.00 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.5 part, Choline Chloride 0.3 part and cellulose 15.69 parts.Wherein crude protein accounts for 52%, and crude fat accounts for 9%, and sugar accounts for 10%.
Control experiment 3:
Experimentation is with embodiment one, and the feed that its difference is to adopt the epinephelus akaara feed formula of the present embodiment obtained is as feed of throwing something and feeding; Another employing small fish feed in contrast.Experimental result: test group is comparatively agreeable to the taste, raising coefficient is 2.01 ± 0.02, and the raising coefficient of control group is 2.63 ± 0.07, and in this experiment, the feed coefficient of test group is lower than control group, shows that this epinephelus akaara feed can promote that epinephelus akaara grows.
Embodiment four
This epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 30.6 parts, casein 30.11 parts, 4.59 parts, fish oil, 3.67 parts, soya-bean oil, cornstarch 12.73 parts, vitamin mixtures 2.00 parts, mineral mixture 1.30 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.25 part, Choline Chloride 0.3 part and cellulose 14.69 parts.Wherein crude protein accounts for 50%, and crude fat accounts for 9%, and sugar accounts for 12%.
Control experiment 4:
Experimentation is with embodiment one, and the feed that its difference is to adopt the epinephelus akaara feed formula of the present embodiment obtained is as feed of throwing something and feeding; Another employing small fish feed in contrast.Experimental result: test group is comparatively agreeable to the taste, raising coefficient is 1.72 ± 0.12, and the raising coefficient of control group is 2.57 ± 0.14, and in this experiment, the feed coefficient of test group is lower than control group, shows that this epinephelus akaara feed can promote that epinephelus akaara grows.
Embodiment five
This epinephelus akaara feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 31.15 parts, casein 31.75 parts, 2.53 parts, fish oil, 2.11 parts, soya-bean oil, cornstarch 14.73 parts, vitamin mixtures 2.00 parts, mineral mixture 1.00 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.30 part, Choline Chloride 0.15 part and cellulose 13.69 parts.
Control experiment 5:
Experimentation is with embodiment one, and the feed that its difference is to adopt the epinephelus akaara feed formula of the present embodiment obtained is as feed of throwing something and feeding; Another employing small fish feed in contrast.Experimental result: test group is comparatively agreeable to the taste, raising coefficient is 2.17 ± 0.12, and the raising coefficient of control group is 2.65 ± 0.05, and in this experiment, the feed coefficient of test group is lower than control group, shows that this epinephelus akaara feed can promote that epinephelus akaara grows.
In sum, embodiment two better effects if can be found out from enforcement one, two, can find out embodiment four better effects if from embodiment two to five, namely when containing crude protein 50% in feed, crude fat accounts for 9%, sugar more can promote that epinephelus akaara grows when accounting for 12%, on the whole, embodiment two is as a kind of prioritization scheme, and its facilitation effect is best, all the other embodiments are slightly low relative to embodiment two effect, but still have clear superiority relative to trash fish control group.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ term herein, do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an epinephelus akaara feed formula, it is characterized in that, this feed formula comprises the component of following portions by weight: white fish meal 28.11-32.11 part, casein 28.11-32.11 part, fish oil 2.79-4.79 part, soya-bean oil 1.77-3.77 part, cornstarch 10.73-14.73 part, vitamin mixtures 2.00-3.00 part, mineral mixture 1.00-2.00 part, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.25-0.75 part, Choline Chloride 0.15-0.45 part and cellulose 13.69-17.69 part.
2. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described white fish meal is 30.11 parts, casein is 30.11 parts, fish oil is 3.79 parts, soya-bean oil is 2.77 parts, cornstarch is 12.73 parts, vitamin mixtures is 2.50 parts, mineral mixture is 1.50 parts, vitamin C phosphoric ester is 0.50 part, Choline Chloride be 0.30 part and cellulose is 15.69 parts.
3. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described vitamin mixtures comprises the component of following portions by weight: thiamine 1-10 part, riboflavin 1-10 part, pyridoxal 1-8 part, niacin 10-30 part, calcium pantothenate 5-15 part, biotin 0.1-1 part, folic acid 1-2 part, inositol 180-220 part, vitamin E are 30-50 part, vitamin A is 1-10 part, vitamin B12 is 0.01-0.03 part, vitamin K is 1-8 part, vitamin D is 1-9 part, and filler is 650-750 part.
4. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described thiamine is 5 parts, riboflavin is 5 parts, pyridoxal is 4 parts, niacin is 20 parts, calcium pantothenate is 10 parts, biotin is 0.6 part, folic acid is 1.5 parts, inositol is 200 parts, vitamin E is 40 parts, vitamin A is 5 parts, vitamin B12 is 0.01 part, vitamin K is 4 parts, vitamin D is 4.8 parts, filler is 700.09 parts.
5. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described filler comprises the combination of any one or both in cellulose and starch.
6. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described mineral mixture comprises the component of following portions by weight: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 112-132 part, calcium lactate 454-494 part, sodium dihydrogen phosphate 40-44 part, potassium sulfate 153-173 part, ferrous sulfate 8-12 part, ironic citrate 34-42 part, the beautiful 40-48 part of sulfuric acid, zinc sulfate 4-5 part, manganese sulfate 0.1-0.5 part, copper sulphate 0.1-0.5 part, cobalt chloride 0.1-1 part, Potassiumiodate 0.01-0.03 part, sodium chloride 30-34 part and potassium chloride 60-70 part.
7. epinephelus akaara feed formula according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described calcium dihydrogen phosphate is 122.87 parts, calcium lactate is 474.22 parts, sodium dihydrogen phosphate is 42.03 parts, potassium sulfate is 163.83 parts, ferrous sulfate is 10.78 parts, ironic citrate is 38.26 parts, sulfuric acid U.S.A is 44.19 parts, zinc sulfate is 4.74 parts, manganese sulfate is 0.33 part, copper sulphate is 0.22 part, cobalt chloride is 0.43 part, Potassiumiodate is 0.02 part, sodium chloride is 32.33 parts, potassium chloride is 65.75 parts.
8. the epinephelus akaara feed obtained according to the epinephelus akaara feed formula in claim 1-7 described in any one.
9. epinephelus akaara feed according to claim 8, is characterized in that, in this epinephelus akaara feed, protein content is 48-52wt%, and fat content is 6-9wt%, and sugared content is 10-12wt%.
10. epinephelus akaara feed according to claim 9, is characterized in that, in this epinephelus akaara feed, protein content is 50wt%, and fat content is 9wt%, and sugared content is 12wt%.
CN201410763446.XA 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof Pending CN104509723A (en)

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CN104798995A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-07-29 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Saladfish young fish feed
CN105010179A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-11-04 李海波 Culture method of perches adopting sea net cage
CN105010179B (en) * 2015-06-23 2017-09-05 洪作良 A kind of seawater cage culture method of perch
CN104957430A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-10-07 青岛海之星生物科技有限公司 Epinephelus akaara compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN105104779A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-12-02 青岛海之星生物科技有限公司 Epinephelus akaara wintering feed and preparation method thereof
CN105211536A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 A kind of grouper compound feed of high-efficiency environment friendly
CN106135752A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 广东省实验动物监测所 A kind of Zhu Shi mullet goby growth mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN106343274A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-01-25 集美大学 Compound feed with low content of fish meal for epinephelus coioides
CN107319208A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-11-07 海南热带海洋学院 A kind of aquatic feeds and its application in grouper is raised
CN107319208B (en) * 2017-08-16 2021-07-20 海南热带海洋学院 Aquatic feed and application thereof in grouper feeding

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Application publication date: 20150415